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Vol. XXVH. JANUABY, 1873. No. 1. 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



iistoijical & (bengal onical i>cjgi5itcr 



A N T l Q V A 1 1 1 A N J U R N A I, : 




PUBLISHED QUARTERLY. 



UN PER THE DIRECTION OF T1IK 



New-England Historic,(teneaIogica] Society, 







BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT Ti lOBE, No. 18 SOMERSET STREET. 



PRINTED BY DAVID CLAPP & SON. 
1873. 




83.00 per Ami 



VomtMfc T*»n It ml*. 





CONTENTS - JANUARY, 1873. 

UlutraUam : — 

1. Portrait Of AC Hon. WILLIAM W[[.US, LLP. (To f*r* 0«#i 

2. Fae I, Va. (TofneipagtGS,) 

I. Memdik ok the !'■ 1AM Wilii- By lUc it«r. A^r-Ae** 

Packard, D.D 

II. Bibth*. MaBKIAOM and Death* xv I'oiltaxoi tii, Jf. H. (Conchtdt--* 
i unkatcd by Col. JuiStia If. 1'eirct. . 

III. Leitlub am- Jocmax or Cot.. John Mat, or Doiion, By (lie /fee. 

Hjrjfa 

IV. Pawaoks ix 7hk Lifr or Pribcilla (Tuo*ta) IIorakt. Communicated 

/,. Walton, 1 1 I) 24 

V. Rka* Anmii.1. N mi em mi I lly Itaac J. OrrrmtCood. 26 

VI. Fault Becobd or A <>*, born 1662. Commtmlr. o nm 

:,,,,:,!.„>, A it M 

VII .11 and his P.iMitT. Communicated by SalAaniet C.Pta- 

My,EH) 40 

VIII. Sahvll Johnko.s, D.D., or Cos n tenet t. By ilie R«v. Qtorft D.Jahm- 

uni, A.\l 42 

i deu or Runi.fr <Ma««.), 1(577. Oommnnicntetl by ilatthn. 

Sticinry, E»o. 48 

X. 0*.> • Col L»«l. WHO Mikklr.I. IN MlDM-Ell'lT, \ 7. 

Kac *> 

XI. Sablh Island. By Cape, (itorgt Henry Prttle, I', ft .V 

XII. Wncnciurr P TO** Tkomton, E- , 43 

X1I1. CAi-t. Joan Hasuks'* Company of Militia,— ..jmuanicated by 

d G. Ratkint, Jr., Btf. H 

XTV. Petition or iui i -ionabt Army 

TO Gov. 1 . > Isdr/atd Bill, E»a. ... H 

XV. Ikicbiptiokr run G Bkabbook, K. E mcatcd by 

J. Hinoi'r V'Aorn.'oH, Eiq 60 

\V1. IUmmon 1'm.is »mi iiih Key. Paint WlMOATfc Corntninikaicd bj /. 

n.nifiU Thornton, Etq 

XVII. Eably - \r Sthattoi . .... fj 

XVIII. Lbttkk-Mimiti: fnon tiie Town or Cantbbsi'BY, N. H., to thi Forum 

• M. 84 

XIX. Siul« ur rKi I i tuie. 
Pamilt o* Rmodk Ulanix. By Daniel Bee-faetlA, Bt§. 
XXI. Tin ii ikkmans. B /Mil" J SAtruMn, /J.w. 
X X ! : .' na(A an Cra** 70 

XXIII. Ti r cr Conk iebket. By Bm. Col. A. C. if. 

Pair -A. . . . . • 

XXIV. The Hi ■ .n,lfm,i, lUq. . 81 
XXV. KuTH on 'Ji imp-- — I y of 

lrvlin l ■'-) ; Our i 

ind :l c Ri 

I, Washing 
Uae«fa,(&l 

•II.. : 

ill* Dt'i 
Hie United Suites, Washington— Tborali v> hit- 

8C-87 
XXVI. Neci:'.i. 

. Tii-- i: m Ahboti, 

■yH); Tiic II ■ .smith, (80); Jo«eph 

Pmh i . ("■•;■ '. ; 

XXVIL BoctHi * : . » ,^. ,.,..,, . 

N«-., -'Kill BocHly, [BJ); Mmik Iluto 

ij . Vermont lll»l< l 
. Niw-Hiivcn r.dimy 
101); 

Nov-EdkI ...... ns-icr.' 

II. Boi>x-"- 

I Patsrt; Annu.nl n>r*>rt nt Hie 

I ho Brl«ol 
(•<>„,, ,1 History for 1872: Bik-f Skcu-lic* of Ki. !•- 
i .lirlmven; Ooflo«r» Recur iU of GmiIiwk of Yule 
S72,&t; Brodlcc** Srnnonn— "A De«lixf.ir ll««v d.' 1 ■•■« well," 
And "Cbrl-t AH In Alii" I 1 Hubbard fnnu 1-i'lO to 
1872; A P«milv Hi»torr — J "ecru : Memorial 
: m. liKretM Satnner; Mien 
fromanEAMr toward an Indian III' li-vraphy 
•ii-tory of Lcxln 
[in and Ptogrcts of the FUi of the Ccitcd s, 
y PreMe; Thalla-iBi*r*s Manual of Aiu'i>.-iit Hwtory; 'I bi Hn< kn^hani 
Connctticut; TlicCliandlei 1 mily: 
GeBealo/^ IUw of the I 
Staler; Old Li.' BoMOO, XhaDlal BoODO, MiKI . . 102-110 
XXIX. D«atm 8 Ill-IB 

jyr Publications desfgntd/vr nutke in the RtwifiTM should be sent to the Editor, 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 

historical U (Genealogical Register 



Aim 



ANTIQUARIAN JOURNAL, '' 



PUBLISHED QUAKTKELT, UNDKH THE DIMCTION OF TH» 



Neto*IBnfllatrtr l^tfltorft, (ffieiualoflfcal Sottas. 



FOR THE YEAR 1873. 



VOLUME XXVII. 




BOSTON: 
PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

Peinthd bt David Clapp & Sow. 

1873. 



Craratitttt on fubUaium, 

18 73. 



ALBERT HARRISON HOYT, CHARLES WESLEY TUTTLE, 

JOHN WARD DEAN, GEO. HENRY PREBLE, 

WILLIAM BLANCHARD TOWNE. 



EUftot, 
ALBERT HARRISON HOYT. 



' CS;.?, 



GENERAL INDEX. 




(Index of Naurs of Persona at the end of the Volume.] 




Abbot, Ephralm. twcrolojy of, K 


Biographical (ketch** of— 




umm«* 


Maaaoch CiuKr. Ml 




lUrdi.ll P Wilder before lb* eVeiety, fit. 1W . 


Robert Cutler, A4 




btfot* Uic Hiev-IUiolHhirt Ulit. Society, 3i.T 


•MM DtaVttl 




Bnhrt C. Winthrop tvforo lb* Via. Hiauaic*] 


Jonathan Mck'naon, 128 




Society, 330 


I>»tM liuniHr, SOT 




Allien, tribute paid to, *3| 

ABHrieaji I-I.ll.a*pbicai Society, Its origin, 264 


Mamon Kaathuni. Ill, 31* 




LUIvy tf»'*ii, 1»6 




Anaeapiiau, 31 


Cbrtft D. Ebellng, 363 




AaU-alaTery afltaUon to Maryland, early, 21fl 
Appkton. record* of John and family. » 


Robert HlloU.419 




John Emou, 333 




Armor, ancient, noUotd by Annlrmn, 373 
Arm. of the VakadStatfa, 181. 814 


W 'llllau Palrfai, SM 

Stephen T. rarwell, 1M 




Arms, *oe can of 


H l*tvlilita, 364 




Aru, *wk» of, laat in the treat ox* of 1873 In Bat- 
loo, Mft 


Jeremiah Flanden, 173 




J (ili j. fUiul'fi, 170 




Autocrapt* of- 

*. D- Cha«.dl«f , 227 ; Jawph H»>, 113 j John 
U- ehtppard, 336 ; William Willi*, 1 


cumucl A. Foot, 448 
Junta Fr>»iu..i., 362 




Samuel freeman, 241 






Simon illily, 441 
Nathaniel UuoUu,«l 




Baldwin, Jain., of Stooiiwtflu. and other Balda-In 

< ■ In warljr ootooy time*, U5 
BAtchcller ami Daitix. j«dl*ree, 39* 




War. ' 

Rdwanl Out*, BO 




Haiti* of Camden. 1780, lb* llil of killed, round**, 


Robert ll-.I | 




tu-aie 




Belcher Family, note* on, 239 


n.r, .1 II mi, .. ... 




BUw*H. Adomj*V« Journal. 163 


Samuel Ball, 98 




Bldwdl, «n*»lc«Ual low*. 1*3-3 

Biographical utl genealogical lnJormatioa dartred 


TUddcu* M. tlanti, 3M 

H.nry llarrod, 190 




from the U. B. Xm; •»« Natal Academy Rca- 


.1 & illa»lln*,*o 




later*. 231 


Nailianlrl llealcy, 119 




aUCfTtphiCAl 11 etch** of— 


NatbaoM ll-nchman, 134 




Rphralui Abbot. U 


Wary llrtrlcli, 64 




M K. Aldrich. Ill 


Geonre Uiidntou, 390 




Eobctt ADdcnon.238 

Rdward Arnold, 128 


Nosh Bobart, M 




PrlaotlU Huhart, 34 




ton! Balllinura, 12* 


Benjamin Hodge*, 311 




KphraJm Barber, SB 
Martin Ueuaim, 361 






Henry BenJ flwuplirer, 197 




AMBOT l'.i.. '..... BJ8 


Jrrnulah 1*. JcveR, OT 




JonUlU Hr khnr , MI 






A.i..uy«h ithiwii, ivi 


| n;ii. ; Jofaoa a, M 




Eltubet h 11 Merer, 223 


WIllaUB 8*100*1 JobMOO, 44 




MeherafaUi lloume, 93 


Id.al.-1 11 J,K,laa,3a» 




NaUiaul.l Bualou,441 


Oaorge Rent, 2J» 




WIHia.ii Hrallle, 1M 


JoIid K.«ik»|«.i, SM 
Ah Um, Ul 
Kdcauivt J. IjuhsIbO 




Joliu Hroake.XW 




K. L. Bulwer, «*u 




IIicoi.lillu. Ilunill, 124 


Jaor. Um 




William CliartUorn*, lift 


John Uoe. IT1 




MmrdR.aOHb7.IU 


JoahnaUoe.171 




tails Carta**, Stt 


Saoiu*l Lane, l.*» 




Hwiir TTtimrti. m 


Tboma* W- Laiat, IS1 
Thatcbrr Ixals Si 




. OeuereT Cbapcnu, 223, IN 
■AtpbtnChaac.ltt 




WlHIam CUibOFD*, 12» 


rrandt Lltbrr. 210 




John Clark 


l.l «oli^3M 




JeranaU.Cl.sah, 94 
Samuel Ooulaou. 169 


ChrlilOfber U|.|iltt. 73 
JCaRlM A, L»aell. 464 




Teach CVn, 3*7 


F.«Jc*1C* Madden, 428 




Richard Crmncb, 40 


rWiiiatnlD Wanton. 988 




WHBaa Crartord, 441 


Benjamin Manlou, 3d, 288 




Jacob OnwnloAbicM, 869 

• 


Benjunlu Manton, Id, 390-403 





iv 



General Index. 



Biographical sketches of— 
John Mimon, 292 
John May. 11 
Joseph May, 113 
DiitW Melvm. 2»2 
Hester Mtlvlu 2d2 
Nellie B. M'rriam. 464 
Andre Michaux, 366 
gtmoi.'l U Mitch-ll. 36* 
ftame-l Moody, 338 
l*l» I M.»rri I, 01 
John Murray, 362 
Xphmiin N u' e, 226 
Anue If. rut, 228 
Jum L. Orr, 464 
Joseph Palmer, M 
Thomas Piikll|ii», 427 
Isaiah Puter. 192 
Jedediali Preble, 284 
Joseph fri-.-«tl-jr. 3i>2 
George P. Putnam, 228 
James Read. 198 
Phliip L. Kcnsa-laer, 464 
John Rogers 203 
Ou-mviM U. de Rosenthal, 441 
Edwur.l Uussell *» 
Alpheus Sa.if.nl, 112 
Martha a Scott, 428 
Samuel Seal.nry, 230 
John She, .par.!, 336 
John 11. .»h. ppard. 336 
■Willi.. m Sherman. 74. 83 
Buckingham Smith. 89 
Mile* Sumlinh, 127, 146 
Charles L. d'A. Teniay, 40t> 
Nailta-tel Tlwyi-r. 123 
Joseph 11. Varnum. 360 
Edward Vaoghan. 229 
W.llard Veren, 293 
AU-xar.dcr II Vinton, 223 
Sath.nl. 1 Ward. 319 
Eliza II. Wiwld..i:. 112 
Oeurge Whlleneld, 232 
Williim \\ il,„, 1 
Paine Wingate, 61 
John Wh.-l.iw, -HA 
Cta'voc- Wintbrop, 464 
James Wimhrnp 364 
Jerendah II Woodman, 338 
Charles II. Wc-cdwell, 92 
Hll.u Vair. 426 
Births and Baptisms, tee Record* 
Biiaell, nine »o the family. 192 
Book N-i'icea- 

Adama's Addr-st before the Phi Beta Kappa 

Soei.-ty. 1873, 444 
A De-Ire for Heaven. : a Sermon by C. D. Brad- 
lee. 10-1 
Alabama Claim*, by Caleb dishing , 329 
A Hen anj Witter Genealogy, by A. W. Allen, 

104 
Ami-Slavery Opinions before the year 1800, by 

William F. Po .la, 216 
Anvrlcan Antiquarian Society, a brief Notice of 

th» Library, 448 
Andrews, Genealogy of the Family of John and 

Mary, w'.o settled in Farmlogton, Conn., In 

1640,460 
Benton family of Newport, R. I., and other 

families from England, by W. P. Garrison. 331 
Blblh.wraphla Cathulka Americana, 438 
Bibliography nf the American Indiana, 104 
Blihop Kaslhum. Memorial Discourse of, by A. 

H. Viiitrm, 322 
Bonne, Iianlel, i he Pioneer of Kentucky, by J. 

B. C. Abbott. 110 

Boaton. Old Landmarks and Hiitorlc Peraonag- 
ea of, by S. A. Drake, 110 

— 8u>ry i>f the Great Fire of 1872, 217 

long Wharf orporatlon Centennial. 440 

Bowers, Mrs., a History of the Family of her 

name, and her Johnson, Stewart and Wilton 
Ancestor*. 104 

Bristol Co. Directory te 1872, by D.D ndley, 103 



Book Notices— 

Brewster*! Bamblea about Portsmouth, N. H., 
442 

Brookllne. Proceedings at the lle.licati-.n of the 
Town Hall, 446 

Buckingham, Genealogy of the I'esoiidants of 
Thomas, of Mllford, Conn., by F. W. Cltap- 
mar., 107 

Catalogues of Colleges, ic. 1872-3, Ancnal and 
Triennial, 439-W 

Cliamller, G.-neal-gy of the IV-eeiM-int" of Wll- 
11am of K'Nhury, by George t.'liiii.dler, uf 
Worcester, 107 

Chapman, BeT. Q. T., D.D., a r>ermon in Mem- 
ory of, by Geo. D. Johnson, 222 

Chariestnwn, Mass., Pro. ee.ll.iK' of the I 'ed "ca- 
tion of the Soldieri' Monument In 1S72, 332 

Christ All in All, a sermon preached by C. D. 
Bradlee, 103 

Claesical Culture and Phillips Exeter Academy— 
an address delivered at the dedication of the 
new Academy building, Ac, l.y Andrew P. 
Peabody, in 1872. 33.1 

College C-.unmt, New-Haven, a Weekly Jour- 
nal devoted to the Higher Education, Ac. 222 

Culomhut and the Geographers uf the North, by 
B. K. DeCosta, 219 

Columbus, Ohio. Its nistory, Resources and 
Progress, by Jacob 11. Struder. 332 

Connecticut. libit/ .rical Niitva "n the Constitu- 
tion of the State, 16S9-1S1-) ; J-urtial of the 

Constitutional Convention at Hartford, 1818, 

446 
Connecticut Colony, the PuMic R-C' rd< if, from 

1717 tn 1726, by Charles J. II.*.! ly, 218 
Copley, John 8., a Sketch uf the Lit.- of. and a 

list nf some of his works, by A. T. Perkins, 

330.446 
Crawford, William, account of hit Expedition to 

the North- West in 1782, hit awful death, Ac, 

by C. W. Batterflrld. 440 
Dale, Kb-neier, necrology l>( - ■*'-*■ 
Dartnu.aih, The, a maguine published by the 

senior class nf Dartra. uth College. «31 
Diary of Lieut. Paul Lunt in the llevo.ution, 222 
Eaton, Lilk-y. necrology of, 196 
Engravings, see Illustrations 
Farewell Sermon, by C. D. Hrtdlce, 103 
Fishing T -urist. Angler's Guide atal Reference 

lluok, by Charles llalkjck, 3.10 
Flag of the fulled States, by fr.-l.le, 106 
Foot, Samuel A. Autobiography, his Speeches, 

Ac. 448 
Freetown, Mass., a brief sketch nf, by E. W. 

Velrce, 103 
French, a Pedigree of the descendant* of WT- 

lium. who come to New-Englaud In 1636, and 

died in 1U.I- rica, Mass., 438 
Grammar of the Latin Language, by George K. 

Bartholomew. 460 
Haskell Genealogy of the Descendants of Mark 

of Beverly. Ac, by P. Derby, 534 
Henrico Parish, Virginia, History of, by R. A. 

Brock, 220 
History, M. E. Thalbeimer't Manual of Andeoi 

IDA 
Hubbard, Genealogy of the Descendants o! 

George, by L. P. Hubbard. 104 
Indian Bibliography, by Kiel,), 437 
Iowa, The Annals of a Quarterly, by the State 

Historical Society, 333 
Kenelm Chillingly, a novel, by Lord Lytton, 446 
Lexington, Ky-, History of, by G. W. Ranch, 

106 
Long Wharf Corporation, Centenni-.l of, 440 
Lyman, Genealogy of the fami'l- 5 nl Great Bri- 
tain and America, by L t'oiem-.n, joS 
Marshfleld, M .at , sixty years ban, Mr Oeorge 

Leonartl. 1872, 217, 334 
Minnesota HisL rical Society's Collections, Vol. I. 

216 
N> w-llampshlre, Documents ami Recwds relat- 
ing to the Province, Vol. VI., 1749-1763. 219 
New- York Observer's Jubilee Year Book, 437 



General ItuLx. 



■whmi «r tbt Waat, m Anwrtea bafbra Co- 

latnto*. fcflKl. •alUtiiyiw. I«4 
OU N< v-Kr cbvid Traba. by Oeurg* laat, 442 
FVen M-waly. vol IV. axi 
BaualaV* aJ.«al f»a r 1*a>aaafc aacuaa rilUflo af 

rati, 4*3 

Bl»«a-Iriaad Hiatorlcal Satiety, rronedinp of, 
IUuii-U tM Baynohta Family O n — lug , by M. 

t. Rah.-*, «t: 

III nil I awl ImMurry, Auaaal bend «f for 

.«*r r. iwa/d. mi 
t»i r«».ir o.i»«unt. ky c a. ibM, u* 

Btabilliy n . Mural La*. Oao. 0. Lorrlaarr'a 

■JaatWn htM, 1*71. 4M 
■taoduu. Miw*. J . ft. a Abbaa*! Bhgrapey of. 

!>• 
•W-dfau«laal hum Mi Halfcwal flc-ofa, by 

Button BaU*fitirf,13t 
Sua. ■ Crarta feaUrVa IkoiU 

InrtAM 

TraobaU**, Uat>ralo*;y of Ilka Draotndaot* «f 
Thaaaaa of B rw-lUrm. Conn. . by F. W. Chap- 

UaBadXala*. B. FrrttlotBaOl'i Bale OftBe Ba- 

pafabr. MM-, r»Wc Ml a»1 lb* Malwaial 

fraaaitaj Law. bj Wa» A BlrbarJaon. 217 
Tlrclala. CteixUr of Mat* Fap-ra, by Or. 

Aawr.44Bi BalattaaB of Tlrjlnu. by Henry 

Bprtai*. 1**V, X)2 
War U 1*13 U> Ike Barto-Waal, */ WIMaaa S 

HmA.SU 
WaaMaajWa fkad Qaanan la CambrU(r, by 

CharMa Huh, 321 
Way. JUeoal &* KB aad araco eodicUa, 219 
Waatayan Cnl.traity, a revlatd aJitfoa of IU 

Aluapa.l JUi.ed, til 
Wok*, <laoeab«t of UN IMaraarlariM ol TUeuaa 

af Mar bUi»«<i. by l-arlay I 
iribBlu*t<«>. N <:•. I****. rVaaaol and Falare. 

103 i Auaaal f-jaat at it. uwoldnal oAafra, 
.Jh*J*. l«<. una. let 
wi.-,-. ••■r. '-•!. , i Mad -•I »'-'•!;. Rami 

of. aril'- rantiara ol lb* CanUamUl Cctcbra* 
Hob. 1*71. "7 Jniio Hoyd, 3.13 
Wklar 0.nti*lo»y. by * W. AUra, 164 
Talo C..lk*«T, othcaary aoUc«a af tit* fradaau*. 
1*72. Xu 11 . of tb« rroa-d. 103 -. Cauloaraa o( 
UM lNrtaftjr School j Addraat at U>. Ujia* ol 
lb* ourner auna of thriftily Ball | emcbI Xn. 
vtraary <** ItM Buiulty Stbool, 039 
iMlaMon, WMBun,l»t 
..114 
no 0r*u Mr* ol Mew. 0-10, 1 V.I, nationl, bi. 



1*2,1**, 



Boat*. Mar*. Iiaaaraoaa Campari/, 1M 

Braw n :, N.hcaHab. ami huaaly hiMi 

BrtUah ria« la dtO a>ar ; a (louy, ilo 

BaHlearjr B i ata lw y. 180 

ttaaktt Bui Bail'-, asaar a-Allan traaa BaMa, N B., 

»:* I aaaorri la Ihr baUt- . 
■otbnaU OaaoUogy. 1*0 

Caltiolam, 41 

Caatrrnury •• II l»u»ra mlaaita to Iba Cburch 

la llaiuri- ». ITM. 54 
Capa Bncon Kipartnb*, IU 
Cbamprnwoa. Praaoa, Iba •lUol, 144 
CoanaUcr, Tanmai B., hla — otr , 331 
Cbarir*'.-^ i'.i.i < Lurch ll»il., 140.316 
Obaat kroutftl «n In Iba Xiibtv, 3o* 
Charch lxca*<ta, ac« Br«orda 
OBObora*. MaoaMr of Wlilan and bj* RaMNn to 

Marylaal.»l.lt» 
Cvxk-tMk <t, an aarlj «M, 3*1 
io< Araaa— 

BacMwr M0; Batdxr. 344 s Bo«m. 2C -. K«r- 

Ln aa.ai m. u M .. Ill«- an.., 101 ; Chjr<a*Maa> 
t. \ » , 46 | SaMcaM. 12 
CaaamMi iU Watblnf urn, mu ll Altai oal by 

Ba«4M kMr<bao(a, KM. and Iba rim Ca aa W 
lot 
Koillrrr' rVlllloo la 117*, an aoclrnl 

K*nr«oc«Mor,H 

B 



•Ilk WUBaaa Baatlay. of Balm, 341 
OooJaMlon -i faith of tattX* naaaban, ISA 
CraocB, HKhaM. ai>l 14a laiony, 40 
Craa-hrd, WtUUm'a. Bioadllloa la Iba Brtalatton, 

ill 
Cwasd U iba Cbar* In Woaaly. 1*7^ i of Danbv- 

■Bl Xini/a i« 
CajrrW. Qa.ry oaMmilaf B— 1 1 of HamMM an* 

Ml Imm linn (7 
CaUar, Maaaaaab, a-bo inrrbaial Ohio, Wl 

Da**, K banaair. naarolnfj of, 43T 

Balbto aaal ■ulil* t PaBarea 9*4 

Uaaaia, TV>a*aa, ol Doataa, bU da*eauUat», 430 

IValU. 111. aa.443 

(Wfl.bt, Mem. Cbwnfc KaMfaB. 341 

Dc U'aaT, unta no, 433 

Da Tar*ay. Cbalta L VX-, anraaotr al, 401 

IHary 

John May, 14 1 Pa»l Unt, S31 1 W.uuaa W.I- 

Dao^ntoliiUbmrortbt at. t BkL Oca. Sort* 
iy.500 

P — lai aaM Waato raMUaa, 301 
IbatafaSunaaaMa,tt 



Early Baulara of JUwUy, Maaa., 4J . of KraUard, 

Kalao, UBay , natnlrajy < <*• 
Bncrj, Job*,ft-»., arror in rrgmM ba, corractnlby 
Bradtarr.433 



oi. "£>.. a*. «-t. 



Brtaeoall, Intir— rlnala r<f*rt] to the nuafly. 811 
Ka«IUb Kplaauaal Cbanh, 2*, 43-1 \ to** 
WIB. raiannf to Aaaarima fiatlBra.231 
latwilll BatMaalnaUoa.1 

ii?,2n-ao,3aa,»a* 

Haliapha of— 

Hrkaarr. 34*; Inorn, »*| Ckaa*. 40, Ba Tar- 
bay, 4*4 , Baw, (Ml (Irani. Mi liayaa, M| 

:. 3», John- 
lao. 303 3H. 907 i taorUa. *»i K<«lb,00| 
MiTra, U; sia-.yan, 00 | Wean, 40; WluaJoo), 
4jl ; yah 
Krrala. i IU 

Baars. ebVaira ,4 (hta trlcair la 1*01, IVU-1 
XS4OT faiMaa 4oa4ia.y. oaaaw of Ua Frindpala, 

Be ,341 
X(p*4itl«o to Capa BraiiaB, 153 

FalaaMtb. bumlo. al b, tha BrUkb •qaadrao, 3M 
VartraO, Bupbat. f ., tmmloa or. 1«« 

!.- larce aula Boavoo, Oft, 1M, 180, 

Sav; PurUawt, * 
FlaaJrta. Ocuealucy of a faaul'y of, 170 
Hc*« «l Xtlmmi dtTaroay, all 
Fieri and BroctiauaVa amnactlaai vUh Maxber 

OaoaeSMtloaU*,* 
FlaOil, wu on the easily. Ill 
t nvt.ua Faailry Ullera. 34* 
rrauhlln Kaik, a o.*a on. 423 
rraabaMcn of Koviry, 1«77. U 
Ironaaai, Jaco-., Iba firat dariyaaaa la Uk l.'oUr4 

8U4a to fmblkly aainnn Ilia iau< of CoiUrUo, 

an 

Fraac*. War. 143 

Froat boBMataad la Kjltary, Mc, 43i 

U«D>alo(leal ftta* aad Crrau, 1 » 

OaoeaWy al aualUra of- 

A| i plilia. 34 1 BaUwlD, lilt Jte'bar, 2*3 | 
BatobeBcr, 364 ; BaUbcr. 23» ; Wa. 
B-.»rM. ill Oalrkw MB] l%a-4irr. 234; 
CUrkr, 1BT; Cran*. 14. I»«fc. 43T| Dallao, 
8011 Iraana, **H Puaaur. MT ; m-m, IV* ; 
Cik4, 404 1 Kaaary, 433 1 Fla.«, M i rlaodera, 
ItO| *..^. 44V; Fr»-.:l- .14*1 

l» -4* : llayor.i. 193) liayaa, 

lle-«| lUUlarJ, MM i UabUrd, 
i.iay, 147 j Uw. 116 ( Ua, M0; 
Uawxl, in:; i l««la, 221. Upf.il. "0 i Mara- 
luo. Ml i May, 113 j Manan, i*0 ; Mxaud, 18* | 
Korluu. 3Mi Paraana, 84 1 Kuaera, 136. IM. 
2VJ-. Boaa.ll. 2W i SaarMura), II , beat, 138 -, 
BaV[.|«r4, »M. 341, 1*0 leharaoao, T3 . »».«». 
€», 333}IhaytT,ia» Wad*. 3UV I Waahawa, 



vi 



Qtneral Index. 



1«; fTeUUr. to ; WhUiixlum, UO | Wta- 

Blew, an j WlnrJirop, 430, 4*4 
rryaiaoder ootra o<> tlir. 421 
Gleanlsga of Waliaviee, 114 
Urart-yant iDacriutlone, ice rTfUaphe 
Ul ilKm^ij, 190 

IUI1, gaUiUrl. u 

ll.otIrt.-i. Fella and lit* k- » Pal'* rllngmte, 81 
llnf ml, llrurj, onfi^j iif, 1*3 

qto-ry in regard Us 1*9 
11-rr.i l.'llw iu. 1795, 133 

llaaiam, note do the r*»lly, 317 

lUj >1> ii OcomLnyt corrclnl. 1W 

llralcy and YYIegabt. aot*. 159 

llrrrlck ilni'jl* x.» new «li(lnn la preper. 
mo and Shmeae In LHortwr. Ettg., S3 

IllllihW, N. II, a Cjnjrm h*U there In 1174 a»d 
LR 

Hktortcai talks La Tr-r too, 1». J., 24* 

IliMecleal Bocletlea. peoc»e4lw. 4- 
Amortnao Antlqu.rt.ti Sorter* , 100 
doaetticui Hlw/rKeJ Socfcty- »l». »l» 

Malm lllalorka] gaetxr, • . 

MeaauhuflU HleturiCal ik«lety, 320 

Kow-Kmrlaod (Intone. O falogtaU Society, 08, 
109, 318,43* 

Hew-Engiend iociHj * Xew-York, 102 

Ncw-Bog laod SotMy of Urai.x-. S.J, 211 

New-U»tnr«*lrY lint i^fi-ty.l*, *J7, 490 

Ne* 1 1 101 

aTaV-JeTMJ 

Nrw4iiodoai v, lol 

.paltal Society. 314 

Fenaej .^oclety.aU 

roeualacft VUley Memorial AtMOUtLMfUlM-:, 
314 

Rhode l»land UUt SocMy, 431 

Vermont 111* Society, 9ft 
PBeeagcilo the life..: 

316 
11 .in., -s. II.. hleb-rlcalak. ichor. 377 
Halt. T«»ii H»c»r.U o\ W0 

ii nrj ii., aacroV ,-T nf, W 
lluntlafrion Genealogy, a teeond ollil.ro to be n(. 

Ilibed. 193 
Buav, frigate, note relating to -.lie one at lit* Oatt, 

aod other*, 116 

Mlmltxllorn 

Chandler, Portrait of T. D tail sljmataN, 287 

May, P.n-.r.lt uf Jneeiih, Bod ttgnalure, 113 

lUohovjnd (Y. ) City Seal. «i 

• (Irak of J. II., and airnitarc. 336 
' William, uriuiuiur 

Wlnatow Ancient ciiat, 898 
IivlftixrtHteiKr.L'enc-nDlal of Drclaratlan of. M 
Indian*, In r^rard lo Utero, 84, 81, 1SJ, 110,214, 364, 

881-188,809. 437,441 
Irvl«K'< graee. 83 
lanaia, query In regard In Rulcrt. 1U4 

Jenfcal.e Bejel*, note nn. 451 
Jewe-l, J,f, necrology ot 6? 
Johirtoo. Rev. ffauiad, of Cotui , Memoir of, 43 

jBOItMllOr— 

John May. II | AdooJJih Blila-ell, 188 } Slee- 

MrMelTtO.381.31S 
Junto, rulee of Dr. Franklin, 2*4 

Kitlsry, Query ooocarnlng the nam* of. 87 
Koappw Genealogy nf the family ootomeooed, 104 
KM Papers, 3;<), 418, 438 

Lane, fkeieilngy nf the doacendanta ot William, 178 
LHand, oote la recaM U> l>«tleDC«, 103 
tntt»»8frt«»- 

Uehaftl Baefac (1700). 283 1 Stephen Baehllrr 
(1081), 888 ; J "tin Hartwr (II66>, 2JW ; Jonathan 
Batcher (1748), 340 i Jeremy Belknan (1TU6), 
86I| WlllbMO Bmllqr (11M) 361 ; Town of 
Ca*it<rlnirj'. N II. (1768), 84 | Tliooiu B. 
l-na viler (1788), 3*3. (1786), 338 | Jamie ». 
f!lwke(lS73). 113; Tntch C.xm (17W1). 367 ; 
Jacob Crowniu«hieid (iw:), »7 ( Tbomaa |W. 
Darlda 1 1S70), 83 ; 0. B. Smenoa (1W3), 130 i 



Jottah ItMor (1T83. 17*'. Ult DeoiAoiB 

Fr.nlten (ITHr,), S49 , ;K»»-, JM : Jaaaa 
rrcra*o (1784). 344. .ITVfl; 3*2. I |8Q7> 3M , 
ii..' '■ II M Baif* [tt»6 - -•. i balMtka 
t-4. Jr. (1803). 3U . J 
381. (17801 800-1 j U»l Uae- 

..it. *Unu-, 1711 386-1. 

8*», (1783^) 804. (1777) 304, i 17.«| 880, 

380, (1TIO) 388, (I7W11 807. ! 1 783 J 300 j 
Jnh-' . JaiitMeco« 

(17»*).38<m tuaiL MluVH .'1808J. 888 -, 
Mad I'.r.piilOW), 

38T ; irwi«„ m-lky (17811 , 868 ; Jnha tarith 

08881 eVten-wl T"itpao 
». Taraan 1 1808). 368; JaaM Via. 
tare* i 1T00). 883 | FWefcer »«u (1837^ 838 * 
Am Teaiif (1748). 883 
UalMtM wm <4 VatUe, 434 
l*««««rfl OrneaVfy.eeoe M. br pablUbed. 218 
U4M4o4M oa Baker** Mand. 8*7 

Oeneaiiy of a K node Iilaod family. 70 

Lm*cb 80 the aefmrUMOte of Uuraiare and the floe 

Ana. eccaateaed ti» the great Ore la 

tothaop 0«oeaJ'<7 ta preparation, 3IT 

Loo Ulnar* rertraa*,* deaorl|aieci at,kc^ 08 

Utol, oeu rooceraiog the K^iiah Tuvn of, 100 

Ma.lden.8lrPrf4tTlcl!. MCrervy of. i I 
Matoa IT«- 8odety, proceeding, or. 07, 433 
Ma<rta«e». ace recerJj 

Mama Faiatte of Batrm, 301, 800 

. nralo«y ol the U 1. I only prepared. 433 
M irytaad »wl Vlr»lnl» ereonial hlftory, 126-36 
May, J..B*.'. Letter, tad Journal, 14 
May, Jeaepti'i M«n... 
Maaaadiuwtt* Oeoeral Bcapital and A»> lata par the 

Ineane, 117 
Masa.chnMtU OM. Society, Preafcleot 

Mitorleal akeecti of, 330 
M.lTlu'i Jnurtaal.an.81* 

ary Coiiej e, marrlagT* of rra.'aataa, N 
Uo-He. *e , 89, 131. 160, 101, 391, 
879.ST8-890. Ill 

. Capt. Cliartc*. a Hal of bit ocenpaoy la 17 
418 
Sl.irhii,— «poffard. qorrira, B4 
Mother OoMe*t Mel-ditt. 144. 311, 314 

Leon the fxrully, 180 
Mudee, Genealofrlcal note, 310 
Murray, Ji'lin, ih" flr»lprrarh»» . 
unirerial aalraUoo la Ao>er1ca, 213 

Nantucket, llalof *im:cU belonjing Iter* lo 1807, 

m 

Nary and Kara! Aeadray RrtMera a eouroa of 

Bl-Rntphlcil aod Oeeiealof;kul inrbrnuutan, 387, 

,;]r. 
NcemlBirr or Member! of the 1IM. Oen Society, I 

106.431 
Needle woman oTBoftoo.MO 
N". a-.Knjtlaod KoilrTBtlon to N-w Jenny, 338 
New BoflaO'i Guard*, Loorertty of, 817 
Nr»-Ki.irlaud Illiiorlc, Oroealockal B ta ia aj — . 

Ad.trrea of I'realdft WlU.f, 0*. la 

ArniUkl Renorta, 100-307 

Konatlod* to Library, 190-306 

Life roeoibera ailed. 207 

MeerolOfj ofnesbera, 87, 106, 437 

u...,....!..r LB-a.SM 

Prooerdinra, 03. 100. 818. 438 
aTew-Kngland lliat. and Genealogical Refiner, Ort- 

ctml 8ubesription Lilt depcaltftl with the So- 
ciety. 818 
Ncw-Jrr*e? early settlc.l by NewKngtand faailllea, 

338 
Nonoonrnnnlata, 88 

Nortbead aod Wlfgleeworth, note. IBV, 316 
Note, and Qurrka, 83, 189, 810, 410 

Ohio, erulement nf, 181 

Old South Church of Bottoa kltnUCed with the 
(Kipalar Joto of liberty, 14 

Palmer, Joaeph, necroiofj of, 00 



General Index. 



Paraooa. Qurrle» ralallnf to Philip of *n field , Ct , M 

ftlnr. • arare.Slft 

• ' lo llic K«T lotion, M 
• . necrology ot, 429 
■0, 188. 104, 900, 313-4. 328, 

■ 
IVittlcai l'r»i;no»!ic«. S47 

i -<gard lo Mm, Sift 
ftfftlaud dr. i lift '1, 4 
i orualu, «•■ ] lu»ti iUon« 

II.. I.,rl, lt<corf4,8 
I'ivUI car-ill, 

Doctniot, 102 

i lo WnUrly. K. 1., R«or\U ol 

Prram.. 1,314 

Iftnev'i 8uVicrtt»re, brl I Mil 

lTicrrdlnr*- ■" Ui 

Proereaa o( Ctvlllutf -m Id th* 10th century, 94 

M« Kn?mU »f OaOMOUMl 

Quakera, retail.* t™, 00, 81,371 

Read, Jaroo". rerroloj j of, 1M 

ChibotMt rd 
K coord • «f— 

Appl I i.l'.lnirr I'htirch, 84; 

■ »ii ;t Ctom, 140, itj, ivcrftcui, 

> li, SKI3 j Franklin and Mecrm Find' 

It, ^ •• . Town, MOi SMUUebwy 

College. Sl»rl««<t. 80; Fortemoalh. N. II., 

l 8; W'raitrly PmbyteruinCbBrch. 188 

Ttrll|jl>>u* NVv.paDer, ibe Br« In Breton, 814 

RcruluUun, lameu, M. S3, ««. W, li-4. 121, 104, 

*», 168,378. 301, 401, 43*, 441 
Richiam.il OH . , » a.. ,-:»l> at, 1)6 

Ki liliiiu UenraJogy cummtriionl , 1*0 

Ko»l»j ■ j ', 48 

Hoaecll. unta tvt.iii- e to Jaioa and a-iTr, SIT 

Rnaaell and I'hllHpt, unit In Hocil'i Walertovn 

l&M IH.<-.nrrry, ftc., M. +19 

*d and Muitoo. note, 84 
mi. t'ati' n of > hurcbre In 1732, 304; eulpplof of, 

360 
•all Minn In ih» Vall«y of Arkanaaa, Whit* and 

IU<1 lllr.ri.3W 
Menu, Mart ti 11. , necrology of, 438 
8r*la of— 

Oorcheaut Kngtand, 96 
. ,., 64 

§««», Joabuaa V. Ill, 4i* 



et»pl»l»h. Wikm<n. Martyn. Oofu. Tronrorthy and 
Joes rami In of .New-IUmpabire and Maine, 
880, 917 

Bhcppard, John H., Memoir •/, 338 

Bhcrmaii, 0*DCaloa7 •( the I'ljmnath family. 71 1 

Sherman and lllgjrlnaon In L«lcr»l«r, Eo|-, 83 

Shipbuilding. 28-30 

ttalin, Kucklmham, necrtdevjr of, 89 

9parhairk manalon. hldlaf-plaetof LoyaUUa, fee., 261 

B.nodleh and Clayboroe c-mparerl, UH 

Stijiif, Klliu, qiieiy In regard to hla dnecandaate, 118 

BUatfora, Conn . fairly aettlere or, 02 

titration, nenektah. Information of him •noted, 433 

Tubaeoj In Etiglutd, 27 
Trlpollnc Slai-r, HI 
THPoUlMiW«r.4a3 

l"iiiu.r.anlim and I'nlTrrultHB, tn« carlieai preach- 

cr» ol in A:ii'rica. 5&i 
0««ta8UK«r>"te u o Tribute paid t« «*« Bartirj 

Po»ir. 

Wa-I.- and T>an*:nr Pamlllea, 300 
Hull 1 urn, ecu In rf«&rd lo tit* family, 188 
Waalilniilnn. Thorulai>"i lltr nf, M ; Ancedow of. 81 1 
11 la LlMBfe, 84 | Tim first child named for him, 

Wraihrrcnck "f it.c < Id UaooRr 8trcet Church, hla- 

tcry of, u> lr.» prvnnt time, 4'SI 
WhltrftiM oppoeed by the Eplaocipallai) dcaomlna- 
■» "f eoMiiana, 333 

Whlttco, Qurry In rrgard lo ilia parentage of rW 

Wkflriw^rib ami Vnrtlieml, m>Us 1*8 

WlloOnOQ, BOM l'/J 

Wilder'a Addr«Mra at Iba annual mrrtlof of lb* 
list. Geo. Buck'ty, IB) S-ai I -crnlenclal Anal- 
Terawry nf ilw N. II. Mm. ^ctety.837 

W.IIU. V. 

8a1d«i n . last P.iiinic,27,S9.88| Chajupeatfoun, 

l«j Crane, ■J3f\ llan;. «"! Hayea, M| Mara- 

lon, VH, S9& 30l| Ilea, 33; 

; l'roUe,4(0| I'rebyll, 

- 4:J;Stlleniax,3ilO, 

S88| Tbomaa,31U| Wade, 310) y<«caaBa,SB8 

Wiii|r»ie and ll»l<y, note, 180 
Wmalo» Momunroi ol ihrra brothara, 128 

i '• Iliatorlral sketch of the Maaaachnatlta 
II i»'.. Suiieiy, ttO 
■WlUrhcrafl l'apera, 10*3, 88 
Wcodwell, Chartaa U, necroloor of, 03 

Tala Oollice, notke if. 43-4 

Tale, Uihu, i.ou ommnxUit him, 434 



NEW-ENGLAND 

IISTOMCAL AND GENEALOGICAL EEGISTER 



ASD 



ANTIQUARIAN JOURNAL. 



Vol. X5VLT. 



JANUARY, 1873. 



No. 1. 



MEMOIR OF TIIE HON. WILLIAM WILLIS, LL.D. 
By the Her. Prof. Au-uti* S. Packaup, D.D., of Bowdolu College, Brunswick, Me. 

William Wiii.is 1 was born in Haverhill, Ma**.. Aug. 81, 1794, the 
second rhilil of 15. njamin and Mary (MeKin«.try) Willis. His paternal 
ancestors were among; the early English Bottlers of Massachusetts ; hi* 
matem:il -.. -In-li. .libit M.-lviiist:". fEi I :iiv. 1712), his great- 

grandfather, a clergyman, the first of tli" name who came t" tliis rinuit.ry, 
arrived Aug. 4, 17 is, and settled near V. . Mass. I i 

boh of the preceding, hecame a physician in Lmmoti, Mass., and was 
appoint' <| Kii i ^.-on-general of hospitals in Boston by Gen. Gage- Dr. 
M< Hi: I March 21, 1776, set. 43, on board the " DvttOD 

ufp in Boston harbor, whither he had gone with his household on the 
eracui Qm wini by the Biiu-.li. Mr. Willis's fimiily moved to 

Portland in 1605. He was fitted for college at Phillips Kxeter Academy; 
entered Harvard College a sophomore, 1810; and graduated 1813, taking a 
part iu a conference with three others. After graduation he wms entered 
M Btndent-at-law in the office of the Hon. Prentiss Mellen (H. 0. 1784). in 

Mill, whose reputation, as a couuBellor and advocate, and Bahama 
M the l*n>i chic f the supreme judicial court of Mnine, i 

tradition. \i he close of the war of 1812, the family removed to Boston, 
ami be entered the office of Judge Peter Oxenbridge Thachtr 1 11. (J. 1796). 
In 18 1 - r ' he went abroad With the prospect of a coiuiuerei il Uffl in OOnNBfaQB 
with I r. 8. ri»* in Lisbon, Portugal; but relin<|tiishing that 

project, ha returned, completed hw legal studies, was admitted to the Suffolk 
Bar, 1817. and opened an office in Boston. In 1818 he visited the West 
indie-, and ,p< i:i B If BttOthl CO the biaials Martini, jut and ( • u:i< l:iii >u t ><■. 
His letters during those absences gave indications of the puwur of close 

1 In preparing the following notice of the late Won. William Willis, the writ 
used freely the "Tnljute" to his memory before the Numismatic and AnDrjunrian 
Society of ! •: . March 3, 1870, by Charles Henry Hart. Esq., lilstorioirranhflr 

Of the society; an article prepared Tor the annual necrology of Harvard Collcpj. of 
which Mi. WUHi was au alumnus; and the diary of Mr. Willi* hi ilio last 

twenty-sk yean of Ui lift. The writer, it may he added, was associated with Mr. 
Willi* for more than forty year* In the Maine Historical Society, and moot of that period 
i:l tin- official relation* of I 

* Par a memoir and portfuit of Consul Jarris, tec UaoisTut, tol. xx. p. 193. IEditojl] 

Vol. XXVII. 1 



[January, 

observation and facility uawm were to be of so much ratal t-> biio 

and to (In- pnlili- U h n .Mr. M ■ - 1 1 • m WM • ii- ■-• ri to the I'. S. senate from 
Massachusetts, having observed hi* valuable qualification*, he extended to 

Willis tli- iry invitation t-. I»xx>me ft part: 

the extensive ami lucrative iMiftinaBB of hit office. In 182 iaino 

became a separate state and Mr. Helta) was app 

supreme court, the a was dissolved, and Mr. Willi I the 

practice of his profession by him-olf until 18.T5, when he 
copartnership with the late distinguished Hon. William Pitt Fes-. 
(B. C. 1823), which lasted twenty years. Iti 1864 bifl 109 lb tin (B. < . 
1851) was aasociated with him in the office. After the death of this son 
in 1868, be conducted the business of the office alone. 

Jlr. Willis was a well-read, able lawyer, and by sterling integrity, purity 
and elevation of character, and by his habits of exactness and accuracy a* 
a counsel and a conveyancer, sustained a high reputation. Hi» tine 
manners and gentle courtesy, combined with great sensibility and kindnesn 
of heart, gave grace to the profession and won the high esteem of his 
associates. Soon after his return to Portland as his resjdenr.-, h.- In-came 
assistant editor of one of tli" nowepepera of the town, a position which he 

ireo or four years. I ohttharge of that off 

of qualities a* a close observer of passing event* and as and able 

writer, which distinguish >l I in to much in subsequent years. 

i. 1, 1823, Mr. Willi* married Julia, daughter Otf she lat» 
• I Whitman (15. I". 1796), cbief-jailice of the comi > 
pleas, and ■ftarwnrdi holding the tame position in the nipra 
Maine. Nine ataldrea awe the lame of this d 

survived them all, the mother dying April 2, 1872. 

Dg Mr. Willis might Ik- regarded, to nearly the last of his 
life, a busy lawyer, his genuine pa- d research, 

and for the knowledge of men, aud his singular habits of <ji' 

lustrious jien, of which the ink never seemed to become dry. lured 
htm into paths which the jealous genius of the law is commonly thought 
to forbid her votaries. 

Ills private diary, begun . 1811. and OOUtlUUed with scarce an 

interruption of ii- defy BDtn to within four days of his <\> eehl in 

an iut-T'stiiig and agree his habits in the particulars already 

d to. It appears from this record that he was accustomed to 
a journal at least as early hut the four folioa, embracing 

twenty-six years, are all that survive him. Evidently ■ 
but his own, it makes known the man, his outer, ami in man) 
iuner, life; hi-. rlgUant o h e er v ati on of passing events, his social habits and 
i.ttions; his generous sympathy nt modi end eeejuaintencee i his 
pahUe rhich eheriehed a lively interest in erhatevei effeeted tho 

-ity. or the state, or the eoanCrv, or indeed the world. We 
gather from ii that no movement was made in tin' interests of education, or 
Mic Impr ovement, eoctal or moral : in the t 

whiih lie was connected, in the Portland \ licmema <>r 

public library, the society of Datura] biatoi i which ha 

v/fts not ready When the project oi a railroad was b 

Ids diary showe thai I ooBpsratnr and gave t« it the 

aervii'. ml years. His B ! DOt allow liini to act a 

promiueut part as a public speaker In large assemblies, but he was prompt 



1873.] 



TJu Hon. WiUum U'iUU. 



8 



and efficient in committee*, or on boards of directors, or as a trustee, and 
iit'fi-ii . president. No Immo 

or abroad which the record of the ...tier. DOT tlM d All of ft 

aetghl I aoj one, whether of Uu cit-j u i who by age or 

[Hi,iiiun. or any QUI . attracted hi* attention. I M the 

lyceum, speakers at political Of heard, 

) ibe t •- v i i and flir miii! '"'DtS Of 

importance during tin; war of rebellion, n bethm of the field or the a 

■no '.'hanging :i ■> th untiv. reoeiTed i 

ami pertinent notice. The |iei il uiliei of the seasoOB and the ItPSt of Lhfl 
thermometer during thu years DM] 1"' BOOartamed With 

ounsiderab!' >m thai dina paoorded that bo was 

mb nod ii ■' '■'■■■■■ - d oonrl i . ii- liij :.. iin- ,tate of the ireether 

lit a certain d. SZ or Inn i» in Ihis i 

When the death of • public man ii noted, there ii often added a brief 
statement of bit age, plnoe of birth, bis parentage end the leading 

Hi.! IniiL f.r.juenl, holiictiini-K distant ; I | ;. eonlains 

n brief journal ui' travel, with ataiistiea], topographical end geographical 
notes of towns aud cities lie visited end of peODM whom he met. That 
daily ncord also shows how quick b the beauties OJ 

world without. A rich hiudseape. the .sturtn and the sunshine and the 
radiance of tho moon ou the beautiful expanse of the harbor, the bursting 
bod, the blooming flowers, the vcrdui ;md fields, the 

the summer, the condition of Ins rinerj or liis garden! the ripening of hb 
-.mil plums and |>ears, and the ingathering of the harvest, are all 
recompensed fur the delight tin faithful record vhen the 

day was done. We learn from the same source what book* he rend end 
thu impression they made. This diary, it most bo added, leads one (rho 
knew hhn well to wish he had known him more, and to regret that 
Lea to cultivate bo valuable on acquaintance bad not been moro 
faithfully Improved. 

Such habits of observation and of recording iinpres-iou.-. of what he saw 
anil heard and read contributed e.-viitialls t-. prepare Mr. Willis for a work 

often consoling to friends, alireyi rainabie to the pnbtte. Efi eras In e 
remarkable di gree the Uatoriograaher of Portland and Indeed ..f the 
Of later years scarcely ; !ual of any note, end, it may lie ■ 

.-ex, often, too, one little known be y ond die :;ii" iIm.i IimmI. ii,,. ;,.i ,.,i 
away, but an obituary notice has appeared, not uufrc<|ucntly in the 
[asne of the press, singularly full and exaotj of the parentage and life of the 

otoOfesed. It n;i.- r-aid "!' b:ni by :i Ibl ui-r p.. -.lor, "tli;i! family Ire,-, BtOOd 
in his ready memory from v. hi. ippM luniiy oflhl 

iboald instruct hie fellow men." Aaillo ity to ascertain 

facts respecting those witb v, bom heme associated. .an of high 

standing, who was a member of the 1< sUletnre when Mr. Willi* was in tho 
senate and wa* a fellow-boarder. t> la th writer thai Mr. Willis used to 
iin|uiit of him the • of birth end other particulara resp 

members of the legislative bodies, an I B 1 ted liim to obtain for him 

tho information he sought, stating that it was his custom to ascertain such 
facts end make a record of them, and rhi i gentleman though! thai hardly 
two weeks of the session bad passed before Mr. Willis bad thus infi 
himself reepectb member of both houses and of tho governor's 

OOOOi il. It needs not to be said of such a man. il is pleasant to 

regarding the diary so often referred to, that "it records no 



77c lion, milium WU1U. 



[January, 



betraying a suspicious or unfriendly spirit, or that can bo accou 
gos-' 

Mr. ■Willi* was a constant contributor, to his last day, to the 
as well as to periodical journals of a historical character. < MdtH 
as has already been stated, articles designed to promote projects of public 
utility, as that of a railroad, or a society for the relief <■•■ . or a 

public dispensary, or on the passing season as contrasted or compared with 
seasons of past years, even of the preceding century, which he gathered 
from his own journal or those, of the liev. XhofflM Smith and Dr. IVane, or 
notices of publications to whirh he wished to invito attention, or historical 
reminiscences of some old mansion which had been taken down to make 
way for (he convenience or improvement of the growing city, were 
constantly appearing. 

tgnt be learned of the topography, if it may be so called, of 
Portland in its early period, from the newspaper articles, •• Journey from 
Motitjoy to Bramha!!." The disastrous conflagration of duly 4, I 
furnished a subject for several articles, one of them, entitled u A Walk 
Among the Rami" of peculiar interest, and highly valuable as a record of 
the devastation, ind lor die comparison which none hot he could have 
drawn of i ! Itf with ill.' hklofie evenl of 1776, when the town was 

bomhanle.il and burnt by Howatt and the British fleet. So 

Qgliah iqnadron, October, i860, to the harbor of Portland to n* 

i!n Prince of Wale* for his home voyage after bis tour through Canada, 
:unl the I tdted State*, gave I ipportunity to contrast in ■ ror» 

agreeable manner, in per article, the visits of the British fle< 

177.'» tad I860. Vbromes "!' inch eon i might bo 

collected. In fact ho hail preserved a large portion of them, for hi* own 
piiii)u%e, in scrap-books bearing the iiiM.-ripti..'. rapener Articles fhoMi 

instantly was the public interested and instructed by communications 
with 1 1 -i — mlHCDOfJD rfgaatare, that the readiness aud copiousness of hie 
resources became a perpetual surprise. One secret of tin* fertility is 
revealed by the public librarj of the city of Portland, to whirh Mr. Willil 
hoOJQeathed a large portion of his library and his MSS. There may be 
,. . ii in i ial depository of bis treasures' a folio volume of genealogical and 
biographical sketches ami memoranda, containing the material, always at 
of Mich notices of individuals as so often surprised by their prompt 

appearance and their foJness of delsiL It. iB scarcely an •• ion to 

l 'lit' DO itnli\ idual of prominence in the state, it might perhaps bo 
added, Of neighboring states, WOOM have deceased within the last years, of 
hIii.hu those pap I DO! furnish a more full record of parentage and 

life than is usually given in the notices of the press. And so of his 
roiiiiiiiinic-itiiius on In nl lucal topics. These bound voluni' * "f his 

reveal th. which ensured the remarkable breadth, minute. 

\ of knowledge, and the I iibful memory shown in them, being filled 
With extracts from old records _ r to the history of Portland, and 

Miiciciit l-'ul mouth j deporitioni relating to original settlers; historical notes 

istracls ; land-title ;i:nl grunts, plans and deeds; in line, entries 

Uen which be judged might come uf use In historical, 
political, il discussions. 

With all his dil gence, Mr. WQlis could not have Booompl bed half his 
ttnonnl of important and v; luable work, outside of a laborious and eXBetfasj 
profession, had he not, at an early period, formed habits of method ana 



',<■ Jlvi. William If 'it 'Us. 



B 






system; and in this respect bis diary and these volumes of manuscript afford 

.1 i in. -on I'm ■ ; nires patience, reso'i: 

the constant ptftlMl of a Jaw of one's life, to make, for example, exl 

from book' I urns, write notes am rs of 

uo im mediate value, to explore mo var.ely legible recor 

decipher, as he did, and ropy "insi ript* n- pa grave-stones aud montm 

ni iih- I,. i i; in .-.::. Few bare (he pa 

drudgery. Hut with a remote, though uncertain end iii view, be 

' i nil this toil, year after i of -.ueh paiiMakjt:- 

the public have reason to aherinh his memory for his untiring fidelity to a 

le purpose. His cure and system lao from the fact, that his 

correspondence, which was so extensive, while, for example, his Law and 
Lawyers of Maine or his Genealogy of the MeKinstry Family was in 
hand, b bound in one or more volumes. 

Of tbfl more considerable communications made by Mr. "Willis to our 

.' :il historical literature, maybe mentioned: A ijjIiv of thu 

if Main ia Norton's Literary Letter, No. I. 1869 1 a similar one 

published after Mi death, on the writers, native and resident, of Maine, 

Historical Magazine. March. 1870) A Suminiry of VdyMBi to the North 

Atlantic Coast of this CoatineatEn the 16th Ceutury, Jawl Hist 

<r>i/f (,':ii't/{o/;if(il Register, April, 1H(>!.', al-,0 for the lams, an 

of Voyages to America; A Sketch of the Orion and 

Progr Uaini Hi torieul Society, HUtoriccl Magazine, Jon.. 1868] 

lOT till J I '!! tho 

Early Setilen of New- II amp.- hi re, and also a notice of Foleom'a Catalogue 
of Original Docmnenta in the English An to the Early History 

of Maine ; au article on Titles. Conferred on Americans, His' 
Magazine. January, 1 ■'- 166; i.l iwo other-;, one. The Descent of Hon. l.io: 
. ili- other on Long Fa.- to rates, with (be case of the first parish, 

Portland; A Genealogy of the MoEnetry Family, Historical ami >. 

logical Register, I 9 ■' '. of which a second edition, morn full anil conipl- te, 
was printed in Iftfifi. 

For t Im Imw Reporter he furnished reports of cases and & in tho 

BUPTI : licjal court, of Maine, and in \ov< inin r, 16 18, • paper on 

cial Change! ia Maine. 

Mr. Willi ill tho seven volumes of ihe. MaiM Historical ( ollrc- 

tions. and all but one have one or more valuable contributions from bfaj 

mdaslrioiiH jmn. Without more particular reference to these article-, many 

of them of great importance. «• peas on to bifl more extended and fruitful 

which aflbrd evfdaaoi of ids extenaiTC and critical reaaarehea into 

iiyof Maine, hi ation of the Journals of tlic lo v. 

Messrs. Smith and Deane with copiou.-. DOtea, biographical iketohes, and 
an iiitiodin ditiou of his nistory of Portland, tin m 

rt of the ti'-t edition having formed a cou-idcrable portion of volume lirst, 
r ailU Historical f '..//■■, •.',',,;,.«. 1881. Th:.. new edition was published 
in one octavo volume, pp. 89$, and [fl one ot the best town or city hi ■ 
puhli i ,| ni the country. In 1868, appealed History of the Laic, the l'i-"ii.i 
and Latcycrs of Main--, 0O£ foL BtO., pp. 7 I '_'. IIih diary shows somewhat 
of the painstaking and labor bestowed upon tins work, whJoh for its great 
amount of material, its historic value, and the admirable judgment 
in the execution of it, is in the highest di inorahle to tho author and 

state. The first volume of tin: A 'irical Society 0M 

become axhnnated, a oeu ediUoti was issued 18C5, under bil •oper- 
Von. .\XV1I. 1* 



Horn. William WM'u 



■ 



W ious 
■MMfl 



vision, enlarged by more than one hundred pages of valuable material 
especially connected with the first part of bis history of Portland, throwing 
a obscure passages in the early history of the coast of Maine, ana 
ling additional proof of his sagacious, patient and thorough research. 

The statements nl lord abundant evidence that Mr. Willis 

possessed a generous and high toned public spirit. His journal records* 
as has been said, the interest ho took in whatever promoted the welfare of 
his fellow men ; that he was ready to cooperate in any well considered 
scheme of good, from the " Charity Food" of the congi i which be 

belong*' <1. or "the Henevolent Society of Fortiaik 'U for 

Relief of Aged, Indigent Women," or the " Widow's Wood Society," to the 
organizations formed to embrace in their charities the whole law!. He 
a model pari .in whom his pastor found a ||g i - erect, judici 

and generous friend. No charge or suspicion of a lack of the higl 
and purest integrity was mt attached to bis name. As a ciciz* n he 
loyal to his heart's core. He was eminently a domestic man, mil his 
for home and kindred knew no bounds. He was also a social man 
home, one of liberal and courteous hospitality ; and wheu he died the 
cultivated circles of hi- city must have felt that a great vacuum bad been 
made in tin ir social life, ami that they had suffered an irr <so» 

It is an interesting beta? private record, which nag been already 

referred to, that he seldom fails to notiee in Ibf Babfaata entry tfa rel 
services Of the day, the sermons lie had heard, tlie teal 

often accompanied with outlines nf discourse, occasionnlly a brief comment. 
So also of works which he read, leeching on point.* of christian faith. 
He wan for many years a most valuable church member, and decidedly 
reverential and conservative in bis views and sympathies, always shrinking 
from whatever savored of a departure from his hi'. ' rd of what the 

sermon Bttd the preacher should be. Tho diary has the following entry. 
I eting of the Free Religionists, and free and loose enough 
it was. Many of tlie speakers freeil themselves from all religion except the 
vagaries of their own minds and certainly rut loose from Christianity and 
the authority of the Ribl* ." I! haraeterizes the discussion as "a course 
of m - ■ 'liristianity of tlie past." His reflections wle 

mode note of his own birth-day, or tho anniversary of his marriage, or the 
sickness and death of a child or friend, his meditations when be came of 
seventy, all show that be had an abiding sense of religion, of responsil ilitv 
and a life to come. "With the las! Soy" he writes, "of I". I -^65, 1 

have reached the close of the third volume of my Journal which was 
i-i.imm .■•,.-, .1 October, Lsl I. T; ■ nany changes which twenty j in htemt 
mode, is startling wheu their aggregate force is contemplated, 1 have lost 
in that period my mother, my father, two brothers, a sister, and m 
ohildn a and grenoV hiidn D, At the age of seventy what can a man < 
bnt to look back upon his path strew- il with the wrecks of affections and 
friendships which he is too old to repair, and forward to privations, iuflrmitiea 
and earthly desolations which • ■ repaired, and only compensate ■*] i .-, 

tho hopes of a future being, where the temporal and evanescent is changed 
into the permanent, ever daring, ami .-wr NOCMeV" And again, under date 
of nngnjt 81, 1868: — "I"eoaler to day upon my 75th year. I cannot realise 
that I have advanced so far on the journey of life, and nrn admonUi 
use tho time that remains for spiritual improvement and preparation for the 
end." 

Such a man would not be allowed to live without tokens of regard, 



t 



1873.] 



v. Hon. William JViliit. 



confidence and respect from his fellow men. For many rears bfl 
office* involving responsibility and inlluence in his city, as hank director, 
president or chairman of different associations, mayor of the city; and in 
the state, a director in the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad and president 
of the board ; railroad commissioner, member of the state senate ; was 
urged to allow himself to be put in nominat ioi roar of Main*, bat 

deelined ; was an elector for president of the United States in WOOj ud 
president of the electoral college. 

His various and incessant historical labors attracted the notice of the 
leading historical societies of the country, and he was success^ 
corresponding or honorary member of the Historical Societies of Mas&nchn* 
setu, of Pennsylvania, and of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Philadelphia, of tli»>. II: ies of Georgia. N 

liuiiulo, Wisconsin, Florida, Long Island, of tlio An 
Antiquarian Society, and of the 3Sew- England Historic, (Genealogical 
Society. Of tlio latter society, he was vice president from I860 t<> 1859. 
In 1807 he received from Bowdoin College the honorary degree of doctor 
of laws. The city of Portland, for whoso welfare hi ted the 

• t interest, will have a constant reminder of his earnest seal in h<r 
behalf by thfl " Institute and Public Library," of which ho was the 
priniip:,l uii.'iiiator, and beenmc its largest patron by his bequest of his 
library, manuscripts, scrap-books and autograph documents. 

■ ugh for several years in feeble health, he did not falter in what had 
ii<- ii istitne. as well ns tho work, of his life. His pen did not rest 
uniil almost. literal] Jj it fell from his hand. On tli Monday, us is stated 
by one intimately conversant with him, previous to Uadeatl I aside 

the hislurii al paper! which ho wo.s editing, to complete a biographical sketch 
of the youngost of a venerable family who had just died Bffi d '.'i; years. 
The article oppcared in tL per of the next da} announce- 

ment: H My dec] Ith and strength admonish DO that I must write 

no more." On botreWj he reeaxDed I boi historical 

article ' r..M.. pea ia hand, be tflrwn BaooneokM in a 

swoon until 8 A.M. of W< dfleed&y* A couch bad been brought to his 
library: BppD it BO FlOllllUll llilhuill lllllTeei until 1 A.M., Thu:-dav, Feb. 

17, I87i i. «iit-n be gently expired* 

Fitting notion of tin- |rn< ifl N takrn bj the <i'y of which Mr. Willis 
Wft* a pi i .ii 1 1 1 n-nt ami distinguished i-iti/en, bj the Cunjl I rhuid bar, and by 
oilier : which he had been an associate. That which i-. entered on 

the records of the Maine Historical Society' is here anni 

"The members of the Maine Historical Society, in. their deep eaaie of 
the ton mstained by the society in the decease of the late Boa William. 
Willis, LL.I)., .I member almost from its beginning, and for several 

irs its honored pi tod feeling it to be due to his memory and 

to i v on record some fitting notice of this mournful 

icfore resolve : 
" That they cherish a grateful remembrance of his long, active and 
most valuable service in the interest* of the Hieiciy : by his important 
contribution* to its memoir*; his careful, dis<iimimitin^. exact, and able 
•npermtendeooa of the first seven volumes of its Collections ; by his wise 
counsel end elli-'ieut eoo|H.a-.ition, throughout, in furthetame of it! objeota; 
and by the repvtatiofl which his learned labors bale gfoSfl to tho society; 

1 The rmolntlons passed on his death by tho Ncw-EiitfUind Historic, Gi:noaloglcal 
Society are printed tn the Rbouteb, vol. xxiv. p. 429. I ' "itor.] 



8 Births, Afurriagcs and Deaths in Portsmouth, N.I1. [January, 

"That wo deem it cause of grateful urknov, lodgment to tbe Author oi 
all Good. ili.it the society and the state hav.-, through bo lone a scries oi 
years, been favored by his earnest and indi of inquiry into 

the Bourees of our history, and by proofl of lii>. duigenoej skill, ond *ueces8 
in developing aJid recording, greatly fur tin: oommon BQOtLj the result* oi 
his varied studies regarding tin* general history and bibliography > 
BUtc, tho lives of pniiniiient citizens and pn , and eep 

tin' lii-.iury <ii* hfa own town and city, so full of details of interest and 
importance: manifold labors continued almost to the day of his dettl 

" That, by such an eminent example of patient continuance in an 
important work, we are encouraged to renew our (Eligenci in promoting, 
I ten iti his measure, the valuable objects" nnd pursuits to which our honored 
friend devoted, so generously, his time and labor." 



A RECORD OF BIRTHS. MAIMMAOKS AND DEATHS 
PORTSMOUTH, N. H, PROM 1T06 TO 1742. 

Communicated by Col. Joihia W. Pkibce, of Portsmouth. 
OoD Cl aJwt ban tuI. ut|. |«g* MO. 

Ram 1 v' Son of Henry and I.vdia Sloper was Born y« G* of July 1717 
ami ■ .;' 1788. 

I roe end Abigail Jackson both of Fortem* were marry" 1 Jan" •? 
1* 1789-40. 

Nathaniel Lear of N-Castle and Temperance Peverly of Portam" w* 
marry 4 

EluT 1 \' Daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah Roberto was Born y' 22 d of 
Nov* 1717. 

M:uv f Daughter of >'atb' and Sarah Roberto was Bora y* 22 d of June 
171«J. * 

John Muse* aud Sarah Beck both of Portom" were marry" y* 8" of fob' 
1789*40, 

Thomas Edmunds and Mary Foss both of Portom" were many" 
of Feb' 1789-40. 

Charl.s Uuudlot of Stratham and Mary Phillips bora at Ipswitch 
mar-v" 1 Feb» SI" 1789*40. 

William f Sou of Wand Elisabeth Burnet was Born Dec' y c 3 

go y" Son of W™ aud 1 Burnet was Born y* 2" of Feb' 

17884. 

Daniel McOeres Born at Affeody in county of Deny in Ireland and Eliza- 
beth Totnsou Born at Bellewoolin in y* county of Antrim in y* same King- 
dom w' marry' 8* of Ap' 1740, 

George Marshal of Portom and Thankful Week* of Greenland w' man \ - 
y* 17° of Apr 1 1740. 

Joseph Miller and Abigail Moses both of Portom w' marry" 1 May y" l - 
17 I" 

Simon Leverit of y* Parish of Santna in y' Island of Jersey Belonging 
to Great Britiain and EUz' Hopworth of Portom" w' marry* Ap 1 27* 1740. 



-".- 



187$.] Births, Marriaga and Deaths in Portsmottih, N.H. 



9 



V 



Daniel Quick of Portsm* and KHz' Slmckford formerly of Newington 
now of Portsm" were marry 11 June y* 22 d 1740 

John M Harvey of Durham and Sarah Clark of Portsm w r marry* Juno 
y'22" 15 

James Chatbun Jun' of Kittery and Bridget Knight of Portsm w' marry" 1 
July y* 6° 1740. 

Ezekiid Pitman Jun r and Eliz 4 Peverly both of Portsm wore marry* 1 
July 1 3* 1740, 

Eph," Hoe of Portem" and Naomie Blake of Damp* v/ marry 4 Sep' y* 4* 
740. 

Sam' Gunn and Mary Mors both of Portsm" w» marry" f 22* Oct' 1710. 

Will. Edmunds and Mary Cross both of Portsm were marry" Nov' y* G* 
1740. 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of Tho* and Dorotliy Crocket was Bom y e 17* of 
Jan'171.;-1-J. 

Mary y* Daughter of George and Eliz* Drake was Born May y" 12* 1736. 

Thomas Lang and Sarah Tinsavson both of Portsm* were marry 11 Dec' 
y* 21-* l T so. 

.M.cils Cook born at York in Virginia and Sarah Maihlin bom in Limerick 
in y" king" 1 of Ireland w' marry" 1 Doc' 22° 17 in. 

John Loud and Abigail Decker both of Portam w* marry' 1 Doc*" y* 24* 
171.'. 

Nathaniel Fnrber and Sarah Underwood both of Portsm* w* many* Dec' 
y* 20* 17 i< i. 

Dani'-l K ■ 1 1 v and Joan Rijan both of Limerick in v* Kingdom of Ireland 
w* marry 4 Jan* 1.V 1 ' [740-1. 

Thomas y" Son of Tho* and Rc-bockah Reed was Born y" 13 tt of Aug* 
in.;. 

Samuel y' Son of Tho* and Robockah Reed was Born y* 8* of Sep" 1715. 

Rebeckah y« Daughter of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born Jan' y* 
17 th 1717. 

Rachel y" Daughter of Tho" and Rctacknh Reed was Born y* 22 a of 
May 172ii. 

Lov. hter of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born y" 27* of Oct' 

1722. Deceased. 

Solomon y' Sou of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed, waa Born Feb* 28* 1725. 

Love y c Daughter of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born Sep' y* first 
1727. 

Mark y° Son of Tho* and Rebeckah Reed was Born Aug 1 y* 3 d 1730. 

y e Nov' 1 M'. S:im' Pars<<i and M™. Mary Jones of Boston joyn" in 

marriage OOraf in Oct' y" 9* y D year 1789. 

Ebenes* Berry and Mary Kingman Joyn 6 " in marriage Coveu' in Nov' y* 
H* 1727. 

Abigail v* Daughter of Eben' Berry and Keeiah his wife was Born in 
June y- 21, 1719. 

Rachel y" Daughter of Eben' and Kesiah Berry was born in Nov' y* 13* 
1721. 

1 -'li nor y* Daughter of Eben' and Kesiah Berry was Born Apr' y* 4* 
1722. 

Until y' Daughter of Eben' and Mary Berry was Bom in June y' 4" 1 1727. 

Susannah y r Daughter of Eben' and Mary Berry was Born in Dec'y" 
13* 1780. 



10 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmoutli, N.H. [Janua 

Mansfield y* Son of Eben' and Mary Berry was Born in Aug* y* 1 
1733. 

Simon y* Son of Eben* and Mary Berry was Born in Juno y* ■1"' 17" 

Charity y* Daughter of Eben' and Mary Berry was Boru in An 1 y" 
1736. 

Henry James and Mary Kingman Joyn d in marriage covu 1 in Sep* y' 1 

Mary y* Daughter of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born in Aug' y* 1 
1738. 

Sam 1 j* Son of Jethro and Ester Goss Dec" Aug 1 22 d 1735. 

Levi y* Son of Jethro and Ester Goss DeC Aug 1 y' 18 ,h 1 7.3/5. 

y* Son of Jethro and Esther Goss Dec d Aug* y* 18 ,h 1735. 

Mary y* Daughter of Jo* Brown and Eliz' his wife I)t« d Nov' 12 th 17 

Ebenz' Marden and Ester Berry w' marry' 1 Jau' 17" 1 1735. 

Abigail y* Daughter of Eben' and Ester Mardin was Born Aug* y* ] 

Olive y' Daughter of Rich d aud Abigail Rand was Bom July v* a* 1 7 

Joseph y* son of Will m and Jane Palmer was Born y* 8* of May 17r 

John Jennes and Ann Webster were marry d August y e 27 ,h 1733. 

William y" Son of John and Ann Jennes was Born June 1730. 

Mary y* Daughter of John and Ann Jennes was Born in Nov' and L" 
Nov' 1740. 

Sarah y* Daughter of John and Ann Jennes was born Apr 1 23 d 1737. 

Moses y B Son of Will™ and Susana Pain was Born Apr 1 10 th 173*5. 

Abigail y* Daughter of Sam" and Abigail Sevey was Born Sep' 25 ,h 1 7 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of Will" and Eliz m Lock was Born March y 
1789-40. 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of James and Eliz* Philbrick was Born Mai 
22 d 1739. 

Joannah y* Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Sevey was Born Aug* 
1712. 

Thomas Band and Hannah Pray were marry d 14 ,h of May 1722. 

Mary y* Daughter of Tho* and Hannah Rand was Born j* 18'" of A 
1726. 

Hannah y' Daughter of Tho" and Hannah Rand was Born y* 1 2 11 
May 1728. 

Eliz' y e Daughter of Tho" and Hannah Rand was Born y' 22 d of A 
1730. 

Thomas y* Son of Tho* and Hannah Rand was born March y' 9 th 17J 

Meribah y* Daughter of Tho" and Hannah Rand was Born y* 2G" 
Apr 1 1735. 

Ephraim y* Son of Tho* and Hannah Rand was Born y* 23 d of Ma 
1727— [1737?] 

Ruben y* Son of Tho* and Hannah Rand was Born y e 7 th of March 1 7 

Mary y* Daughter of Richard and Bial Rand was Born y e 8 ,h of lei)* 1 7 

Nathaniel y" Son of Rich d and Bial Rand was Born y e 12 ,h of March 1 7 

Marv y* Daughter of Christopher and Deborah Schedel was Born y c 1* 
May 1720. 

Sarah y* Daughter of Joshua and Ruth Rand was Born y* 30 ,h of Ma 
1740. 

JoIjo .Tonnes and Mary Jennes were marry d 12 th Sep* 1735. 

Ilannuh y' Daughter of Job and Mary Jennes was Born y* 10 th Oct' 17 

Sam 1 %• Son of Sam 1 and Abigail Sevey was Born y' lH* of May 17 

Sam 1 Sevey and Hannah Sevey were marry d y* 6 th of Nov' 1734. 



1873.] Births, Marriages and Deaths ia Portsmouth, X.I I. 11 



i 



Solomon y* Son of Sam' and Hannah Sevcy was Bora y* 26* of feb* 

Deborah y* Daughter of Sam 1 and Hannah Scvcy was Born y* 4* of 
Nov* 1787. ' 

Samuel y" Son of Sam' and Hannah Sever was Born y* 17* of Sep' 1739. 

Hannah y* Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Sevey was Bora y* 7* of 
Juno 1715. 

Elizabeth v* Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Fuller was Born y* 25 ,h of 
Bent. I 7 in. 

Hannah v* Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Mnrston was Born y" 28* 
of Sep' 1726, 

Join .l'-nik-s and Eliz* Sevey w" marry* y* 30* Nov* 1732. 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of John and Eliz* Jenncs was Bom y* 4* of Apr 1 
1734. 

Sarah j* Daughter of John and Eliz* Jennes was Bora y* 28* of Apr 1 1 786. 

Mary y* Daughter of John and Eliz* Jennes was Born y* 5* of Aug* 1738. 

Abraham y* Son of Jacob and Sarah Lebby was Bora y* 29 ,h of Dec' 1739. 
1 Son of Christopher and Deborah Schedgle was Born y" i 

On' 1786. 

Ozein v* Son of Ozero and Elisabeth I km was Born y* 3 d of March 1737. 

Ahial f Daughter of Oram and Eliz* Dow was Born y* 1 2 th of Dec' 1739. 

John y* Sou of Oram and Eliz" Dous was Born y" IS* of Sep' 1730. 

Elizabeth f Daughter of Oram and Eli/' Doui Dec 4 Sep' y* 6* 1730. 

Jose pi i I oonor and Mary Sevey were marry' 1 y" 86" of SuP 1788. 

S:uuii.| v' Son of Joseph and Man I kmnoff was Horn y'S^of Sep 1 I 

Samuel V- Son of Bam 1 and PrisdUa Wills was Bora v** 2' 1 of 1 1 

Simon y* Son of Sam' and Priscilla Wills was Born y* 11"' of May 1738. 
D.ImphIi y" I of Sam' and Priscilla Wills was Born y e 6* of 

Oct' 1740. 

1'hebu y* Daughter of Daniel and Pliebe Moulton was Bora v* 3 d of Apr 1 
17:;:, 

■lian y* Son of Daniel and Phebe Moulton was Born j* 2' 1 of March 
738. 

Lydia y* Daughter of Dan 1 and Phebe Moulton was Born y* 28 ,h of Aug* 
171". 

Jonathan Lock and Sarah Hainn wero marry 4 March 2* 17 J 7, 

Sarah y" Daughter of Jon* and Sarah Look was Born y* 3" ui Jan" 1723. 

Patience y* Daughter of Jon' and Sarah Lock was Born y" 10* of Feb' 

Jonathan y* Son of Jon* and Sarah Lock was Born y , 29 01 of Jan' 1732. 

Mary y* Daughter of Jon 4 and Sarah Lock was Born y* 20* of Sep' 1733. 

David V Son of Jon* and Sarah Lock was Born y* 29* of Aug' 1735. 

Abigail y' Daughter of Jon* and Sarah Lock was Born J* 5* of Sep 1788. 

William j" Son of Jon* and Barafa Look was Bora y' Sfl " "l Jolj 1738. 

Marget y* Daughter of Jon* and Sarah Lock was Born y* 20"' of -July 
1740. 

John Knowles nnd Sarah Moulton were marry 4 y* l - of Jan' 17-11. 

Elijah Lock and Hulda Perkins were marry* March y* '-'-' 

Holds f Daughter of Elijah and IIuliliv lick was Born O t > -"' 1739. 

Ann Jennes Daughter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes was Bora Aug*y* 
8* 17 

1 lannah y* Daughter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes was Bora Jan* 30 01 
1736. 



12 Births, Marringn and Death* in Portsmouth, .V.J/. [January, 

Joshua y* Son of Joshua and ITannah Jennes was Born Apr'y* 7* 1739. 
Deliverance y" Dangbter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes wa» Bora Jaa» 

14* 1741. 
Rio!, Of Mm and Sarah Lock was Bom July y* 2K 1 

Mary y" Daughter of John and Sarah Ixwk wan Bom \.V. 

Jacob y* Son of John and Sarah Lock wan 

John y* Son of John and Sarah Lock 

Tryplicne y* Daughter of John and Sarah Look Dec 4 feb» 15«* 1736. 

Abnery" Son >'t .l>>hu tod S:irah Lock II. 

Mary \" I >:.u»htcr of John and Sarah Ixjck Dec - in .Itily 1736. 

Jacob y' BoD tit .John and Sarah Loo- ."36. 

Mary y* Daughter of y* Rev 4 Sam 1 and Mary Paraona was Bora July y* 
15* 1 

Nathaniel Foss and Mole Tucker were marry* Ocl'y* lf>' h 17 I 

Thomas y* Son of Solomon and Kliz* Doui IV-. ' \iV M I 

Sai hi of Solomon aod KHz* Dons Dec* Aug* 19* It 

Abial y* Dauu I K!i/' Doua Dec 4 Aug 24* I 

Sarah y" Daughter of Solomon and EM** l>ous was Born Jan T 19* 1729. 

Solomon y* Son of Solomon and Eliz* Do us Dec 4 Nov' 13" 4 1735. 

Elizabeii btar of Solomon and Eliz' Doua Doc* Nov' 19* 1735, 

Rachel y* Daughter of Solomon and Eli/.* Dous was Born Aug' 

Thomas y* Son of Solomon and KHz' Dous was Born Aug 1 y* 28* 1724. 

Samuel y* Son of Solomon and Eliz* Doub was Born Mai 726. 

Abial y* Dan: >olomon and Eliz* Dous was Born Sep 1 24* 1737. 

Solomon y* Son of Solomon and Eliz* Dous was Born May 23 d 1 7 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of Solomon and Eliza Doua was Burn Jan' 11* 
1782, 

Nathaniel y* Son of Jon* and Hepsibah Marden was Born March v* 11* 
1780. 

Jonathan y* Son of Jon* and Hepsihah Marden was Bom Oct' y* 9* 1782. 

Timothy y' Son of .Ion* and Il-'psilnili Marden was Born Aug 1 2H* 1735. 

Joseph y* Son of Jon* and Ifcpsibiih Maiden was Bom March 22* 1738. 

Nathaniel y* Son of Jon* and Ifopsihah Mardnn Dec 4 Dec* 7* 17 

Simon \ f Son of Sam 1 and Rachel Dona waa Bora Sep 1 27* 1730 and 
Dec 4 Oct'" 26* 17 I. 

Mary y* Daughter of Sam' and Rachel Dons waa Bom May y* 8* 1723. 

WiiIHh" Pom tod M:m Don w' marry 4 Jan' 2.V 173'.). 

Samuel y* Son of W'allis and Mary Dous was Born Oct r 2ft* 1739. 

Joseph y' Sou of Simon and Deliverance Kuowles waa Bora Deo* 18* 
1727. 

Samuel y* Son of Jetbro and Ester Goss was Bom Aug 1 21" 1728. 

LeTi y* Son of Jethro and Ester Goss was Bom feb» 3 4 I i 

Ester y* Daughter of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born 1 84. 

Sarah V Daughter ->t Jethro and Bflar Goss was Bom June y" 12* I 

Ruth r of Ebenczer Berry and Mary his wife Dee 1 Sep 1 W> 

1735. 

Benj" y* son of Eben r and Kcsiah Berry Dec 4 Sop' 20* 1785. 

Kesiah y* Daughter of Eben' and Kcsiah Berry Dec 11 Sap I 735. 

Eben' y* Son ui KI, -n r and Kesiah Berry Dec 4 Hot. 8* 1735. 

Joseph Lock .mi I l.umah Jennes w* marry 4 Dee* 4 U ' 1789. 

Ezckii-1 y' sou ..t John and Mary Lane was Bom July y* 4* 

Mary f Daughter of John and Sarah Pain was Bom July y* 4* 1730. 

Christian y* Daughter of John and Sarah Pain was Bom May y'3 4 1740. 



1873.] Birth, Marriage* and Death in PorUmouth, X.H. 13 

Hannah \* Daughter of Joseph and I Iamiah Lock was Boru Nov' 
1740. 

ih:m MoultOn son of Hob 1 and Lucv Moulton of Hamf* Doc* Mav 
fS% 17 -:■■.. 

Mary y* Daughter of Sam' and Abigail S -vcy was Born Apr 1 25* 1721. 
Mehiluldoy" Daughter of Sam and Aaiga3 Si WJ RM Bom I '■ ' - '1 ' 1729. 

Jonathan y son of Sam 1 tad Abigail Sevey wan Bon fcb 1 '-" ! 1788. 

Mo: ad Abigail Sevey was Born Jan T 30"" 17,. "i. 

EHstt y e Daughter of Ithnmnr and Man, Scv. v was Born dune l" r '' 1737. 

lions y 4 bob of Bun' and Abigail s, my Deo 4 Serf •»'" 1780 

Sara 1 1 y" Daughter of ()/• ra and BhV Dmis wim Born Sop 1 88* 172.5. 

Comfort y* Daughter of OsOD and Kli?* DoOB lf«B Horn Aug* 21" 1781. 

Mary y* Dan-lit; r of Ombb KDCi EH* DOM was Born Oct' 8 ' : ' 1734. 

IfoaOfl Cavr-rlv, Jnn r Of I'Mii-in'and Hannah Jolinsou of was 

marry 4 March y : 12" 1 1710-1. 

John Swain and Myriam Banfill both of Portsm were marry -1 March f* 
17 th 17-10-1. 

John (loir, hill and Marx Nohlo both of Portam* were marry* Apr 1 0" 1 
1711. 

David Doctor and Unice Place both of Portam" were marry 11 Apr 1 y' 9 ,h 
i; ii 

William Cotton and BfUff Babb both tf PortBB," H* marry 4 May v' 6* 
1741. 

I h,.- Sen v and Sarah Cotton both of Poit<m° w' marry 4 June J 
1741. 

William Broton and Abigail CiO&d both of PorUm <. . f* July y' 

111' 1711. 

:i..-r and Elix' Trick.y both of PorUm w T marry 1 ' July y« 28* 
1711. 

Ah™ Chapmen end Hhv* Biili wen marry 1 Sep 1 >" ic ,h 1741. 

Sam Gate oJ Greenland, and Mary White of Partam* w* nam 4 Oct' 18* 

1741. 

Alex* Callwel of y* County of Antrim in y' Parish of Cluugh in Inland 
and Margret Macgregore of Londonderry in N-Hamp* w r marry' 1 Nov. 4 ,k 
1711. 

Humpliry Furnell and Dorothy Slmes both of Port&m were marry' 1 the 
third of Deeeinber 1741. 

Lore Huberts and Mary Uobcrts both of Dover were marry* 1 Dec* 9" 1 

Samuel Row and Susannah Benson both of PorUm° were marry* Dec' 
10°' 1711. 

Samoal Hantriaand Mary Column both of Newiugton w* marry 4 Jan* 
14* 1741-2. 

Jonathan Trickey of Newington and Abigail Miller of I'ortom* w' marry 4 
Jen» 1741-2. 

I'h Lebby and Margret Abbit both of Portem w' marrv* fob* 23 d 
1741-2. 

Isaac Miller and Mary Tornson of County of Derrv In the Pariah of 
Donho iny* kingdom^ In dead now BrlT 1 marry 4 March 'J' 1 1711-2. 

Joshua ltiekford and Man- \\ th of Portam" were marry* March 

80* 1712. 

Abigail y* Daughter of Gcrshom and Mary Griffith waa Born March y' 
11*1741-2. 

Vol. XXVII. 2 



14 Letters and Journal of Col. John May. [January, 



LETTERS AND JOURNAL OF COL. JOHN MAY, OF BOSTON. 

BOUX IS POMFRET, CONN., NOV. M, 17*8; DIED IN BOSTON, JULY 13, 1812. 
Communicated by the Rev. Richabd S. Ejieb, of Bolton, Maw. 

Certain curious and valuable papers, dating back to 1788 and earlier, 
very interesting: in a historical point of view, have recently come into the 
possession of the writer. They present, iu a striking manner, the marked 
contrasts which exist between matters and tilings as they were then ami aa 
they are now. They are the MS. journal kept by Col. John May, of 
Boston, during a journey to the "Ohio Country" (then so called), and such 
letters of his as have escaped destruction ; written, some of them, consi- 
derably earlier than the date above mentioned, when he was serving in 
Rhode Island, under the Count de Rochaml>eau, in one of the revolutionary 
armies, or was in business in Boston; or later, when in 1789 he made 
another visit to the "Ohio Country." 

Our limits will not allow us to attempt a description of that country, as 
it was then, constituting as it did a portion of "the region bounded by the 
Ohio, the Mississippi, the Great Lakes and Pennsylvania, organized as the 
Northwest Territory." Such of our readers as would inquire more 
curiously we must refer to Pioneer History of the First Exami nation of the 
Ohio Valley and Early Settlement of the A. W. Territory, to Olograph teal 
and Historical Memoirs of the Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, both by S. 
P. Hildrcth, and both published under the auspices of the Ohio Historical 
Society ; and to other similar works, if any such there be. The Ohio Land 
Company was organized and carried on chiefly by New-England mciL 
The chief manager of the enterprise was Gen. Rufus Putnam, 1 to whom 
references are not unfrequent in the journal. 

Col. John May was a descendant of an ancestor of the same name (born 
in England 1500, died 1C70, admitted freeman in 1041), who migrated to 
this continent about 1040, with wife and two sons. John and Samuel, and 
settled in Roxbury, where the family subsequently became numerous, and 
owned considerable real estate. After a while, feeling too crowded possi- 
bly, some of its younger members migrated to Connecticut, and settled in 
Woodstock, Pomfret, and other towns. From one of these Connecticut 
immigrants, who lived in Pomfret, Col. John was descended. He did not 
long remain iu his native home, however, but, when quite a lad. came to 
Boston ; and, family tradition says, served au apprenticeship with Col. 
Ephraim May, of whom he was a relative. Moreover, leaving his country- 
home and coming to town, he could not, if family tradition is to be trusted, 
keep out of mischief, for on the night of the notable destruction of tea in 
Boston harbor the condition of his shoes furnished pretty good evidence of 
where he had been. Subsequently, established in business for himself, iu 
1773, he married Abigail May, a descendant (but not iu the same genera- 

1 Gen. Rufus Putnam, a cousin-nephew of Gen. Israel Putnam (with whom he is 
sometimes confounded), was the superintendent of the Ohio Land Company. For a 
history- of this remurkable enterprise see Walker's Hillary of Athens County, Ohio, and 
incidentally of the Ohio Land Company, lev., published by Clarke of Cincinnati in IH'jy, 
and not iced in Hf.oisteb, vol. xxiii. p. 487. A sketch of the Rev. Manassch Cutler, 
LL.D., to whom the enterprise was largely indebted for iu success, by his eldest son, 
Ephraim, is in vol. vii. pp. 297-300. [Editoh.] 



1873.] 



Letters and Journal of Col. John Mag. 



1.5 



tion with aft John) of EB, til older brother of Ml ftl 

tad by bor if had ■ large family, of which :> itord presently. Efii lit 
mainly passed in Boston, '! jrh hi lived tome years in Portland, Me., 

iv... M I ( 1 1 - •> ■ •(" his children were bOHL liom 1785 I" 1806 hi 
i. in' of EOS lin--\v:ir<l.M!> (if Hn- [804 !<• I8l3j WhtU he died, 

one of iii' «.-|ci-iihcii. Oct ii, I77H. be was commissioned u ■'• 
the rank oi ooptoiO) in the "Boston BegM of Miiiiiu,'' tad*tAtn 

. . .m:ijiir. I ii- 1 it. -i -n I (.me] :iiiil OOloOol. The dale of ihe l.i»f ronmn-Mini 
u::« .I:ui. 1'.', 17*7, and wus *i",ned liy ,1; n<< - BOV JOhO 

Avery, i in i I--I!. i from Got. Bowd< 

dated April }, 1788, appi ne <if introduction, tin- former write* of 

( ill. Hay: ■■ He distil ■■• oi the I cited Bl 

Rhode Uland, under (he Count de Roehamboao;" and ramarl • "By 

■ ertions the Boston Beg^t of Mi] whioh he U Colonel, is esteemed 

in regard to appearanoe ana discipline »t least equal to any regiment of 
militia on ii"- oontim 

As mentioned above, Col. May died in 1812. In the hjgoe of the 

I '»;[ of s.iiiinliiy. July 15, 1812, ire find the following: 
"Died "ii Thursday, John May, Esq. aged 68. By the death of Col 
own is ilcj.invcil of :i judidooi and faithful officer, and the public 
netivi . uefnlj nod benevolent dtlzon. To lii^ lamuy d ineparabla. 

Bis foneral ice yesterday, attended by the Selectman, Ancient and 

Honorable Artillery, dfcc By his marriage with Abi| ugho r 

of Samoa! and Abigail (William:-), born 1754, di ,1 ol. John Ifai 

was brother-in-law bo Cbi. Josaph Maj (bora 1760, and died 1 ■'< b.27, Mil |, 
at one time oomnander of ih Cadets, and of Bamutl May, I i 

(bora 1776, and died February, 1870), A fine portrait of him (Col. John), 

Cud in the military »urb of tot day, tfttd tO bfl SO I KCtUcDt likeness, is in 

the possession oi* liis onli surviving child Augusta (No, 1 Deoata 

A word Of two of the family hi left. Two of his tona, th< 
youngest, Frederick ill. 1 , 1782), M.D., and ton (II. I'. 

1810), M.D.. settled in Washington, l>. * .: part of hi* 

life at Gape a, ft nth s< Henry Knox, wbi i Ba ti s . 

and William Bdfos, nfret, <>t the daughttra, 

Catharine Crarath married Henry Edsn (II. I'. 1799), \>.\>., minuterof 
iii.' I'm I ■■ ■ ' ; ■ hi Providence, from 1805 to 1882; and Sophia, (bt 
utt Edward Tockerman, mtrehazit in lioston : while the two youi 
Man Davenport and Charlotte Augusta, ladles of much active benevolence, 
and wall known for their hoepJtaui tad iriti oni iu d 

I the most of their lives iu the ir ntdi Die last named still 

survives. 

Any one who will consult the records of tho town of Boston will seo 
that Col. May was much interested, and very aotii amptfng to 

procure a marginal road, or street, from the north •nil (wher 

years he lived) t'i Knxhnry lists — an endeavor of which he diii not l 
witntH the success: but which, passed on to the bands of his son, tin- [ate 
II. K ' by him, with the aid of others, until In- was 

ltd at length) not exactly in the inapt lie sought, hut in those line 
thoroughfares. Commercial street and Atlaatw avenntj the but of whJ 
lived to see hardly mi much a* begun. 

\w Mini our attention now la uu extraofa, The first will be from the 
letttmi t'nuii on.-' (oi • Itl i Bo ton, Hard 

I77'.i, and addressed to Mr. Lemuel Cravath, merchant, Baltimore (a 



16 



Lettcrt and Journal of Col. John May, [.January, 



brother-in-law), and showing in a vivid 
me it was writ: 



the condition of thing* aft 



"Your order given me at Worcester, the 8th of Marclu I cannot obey 

• • • • cannot procure a team for your purpose • • • • cannot find 
anybody that dam come alone. If there were two load* of good* I 
I might find teams to bring them, by paying 20 bun. 4 , dollars to each 
for the journey out tod in ; but I hare almost despaired of getting 

team at any priir. Your friend G is so frightened that be wi 

at any mi.-. My last hojies are on trial. I have yesterday agreed with a 
young man from Sudbury to perform the journey ; but be has to make his 
father wi t, which, I fear, he woui In able to do * • • * So 

busy of lute thikt I linvc not inquired much into the prw B of Kugliah goods 

• • « • j\ m informed by some gentlemen that deal in them that goods 
have risen, within these three weeks, 15 per cent • • • • Engaged a 
frame for you, together with mine, 4 I ft. square, about 29 tone timber, 
together with aliout 200 fu ranging timber, and 6000 ft. oak joist, for which 
I am to pay £600 • • • • Am tired out, Rick of every thing. Lovr to 
mistress Cravath. Mrs. May has gone to bed with little Jaekev. who is 
quite sirk. In the moruing. she will write to her sister, if the little boy 
will lei her." The wife writes a long P. S. the next morning, an extract 
from which we transcribe. " Heard from Worcester yesterday. All well. 
Expect them along us soon as the roods are settled." 

Our next extract will be from a letter dated "Camp Butt's Hill, Oct, 
10th, 1780," a time when he was engaged in active campaigning life, and 
was Major in ■ the Boston Keg't." 
"My dear, 

In yours of Oct. 1st you ask me how I do, and how I found the friends 
of my little circle? whether they were glad to see me, &c. The first 
question I answered you by Mr. More, before it was asked, in a letter dated 
3d in*t., and I now assure you that, if looks and actions don't lie, my friends 
were exceedingly glad to see me. They met me some rods off with loud 
peals and acclamations. You inform me that report says my late command 
to Boston was contrary to General Orders ; and that the officer who gave 
me the command was put under arrest on account of it. That he was pot 
under arrest soon after I left the island is true ; but not on account of the 
command he gave me, but on account of a letter he wrote the General, the 
next day after I left this place • • • • The good fortune I met with 
while I was in Boston, with respect to provisions and money, occasioned a 
Moer.il j<>\ (iiidir-ii tin- •■.inn', amongsl a Be ■- uni men, CoL Thayer, tin 
bearer of this, is honored with n like command, and I wish he may have na 
good success. If the rulers of the State of Massachusetts I : ne 

good as their word, we should not have occasion to send to them st this 
We have but twenty-one days to tarry here, but famine seems to 
stare us in the face. I could give vou particulars, hut I never was fond of 
Eng all. It may suffice to say, that we have one dav's rations of Indian 
meal on hand — no meat, no wood, no snuco &c • * • * Before I go 
any further I must tell yon I have been, I am now. sick with a smpifying 
cold • • * • Am exceedingly glud the little cubs are better. Hope their 
health, as well as the others and yours, may be continued ; ami that, in doe 
lini". 1 may be returned to you all again, in health and safety. Meanwhile 
believe me to bo unalterably yours. &c" 

Of the nearly eight years following the date of the letter above given 




1873.] 



Letters and Journal of CoL John May. 



17 



not a wrap of tin- correspondence, to ths knowledge of the writer of this, 
Them which bee been preserved is one dated Pit) 

TflL.Muy, 17SK. .. 

Vt'e do not refer to it, ooweror, at , . Imt 

journal] the first dale 6f which is April 14, 1788. I 
le bis entries in this, OoL U ii 
tome where in Pennsyrra&ta, on oil return bone, be wyes — 
'■ \\ liu rrors. 

! for Which mint »ny, it was Written :it :ill tOTtt Of rime-. ;m.l 

plnoeti end unionist all sorts of i a kinds of confusion. \\ hi 

penning the ret '.>i of this « l :» i re we leren pain 'it" 

Dutch men .mil womi a !n big) tnd 

although when l began to write I intended <•< mind mj own barinees,yet 

Fusion that the I 
is quite tooeti I En d lied, end mosl even quit, ami go t>> bed." 

. ii what manner he journeyed, what were tin- Gaoilitiei 

::i.i liin. in for travellers, and |d indicate Mmewhat the iiiaiim d 
Da of the period, we give the first two or three eDtxfc 
entire. 

••On Monday, the I4Ui 'lay of April. 1788. having arranged my m i 
at home [Boston] in the best mamu I pea able, I Mi them in the 
Inunediate care of my brother Joseph Hay. At. o'clock in the morning 
I oat from home [on borsebaak] in oompany with Lie M ill end 

Walter Tufts, who in my orderly, on a tour t" . aud about 

■unset arrived ce. Lodged at Daggett's tavern. 

K Tu< h. Uonnted oar horses at B in tin > i >siih great 

industry reached Windham at 8 o'clock in the evening. >Vere obliged to 
the < Juinnebogue in a scow, the bridge having been carried may. 

"Wednesday, K'.rh. Left VYindliam } Before oVdook in the morning, 

and after travelling through a tremendous hilly ooimtiy, vie Lebanon 
Creek, Moultou, see. arrived at 9 oVdoek at Hartford. I 

Connecticut river exceedingly high, which hindered us an hoar. Dined at 
Ball's, then went an and slept at Fuller's, a very good Ii-him , but the 
landlord has more tongue than brains. After I went to bed be stood over 
me With thl n his right hand, near twenty minutes, telling 

a Btorj of 1 1 ■ » ooneemwnoBi 

••Tim ; . 17th. Mounted our horses at G o'clock. Rode 12 mi 
breakfast through a plea-ant country. After breakout met numtars of 
people eoiug to i r uhl elothe>. it heing V sal Day. R 

i by some sari ol Sunday officer with 'whet a a ride Fast 

which I retained witfa ■ look thai told mm it was none of hla 
-I ni; ho al New Haven. Btont st 

m dim afternoon. We aroseed an era of the see em a bridge i 

mg as the Chfl rn (old) brid»e, and within i.v.. mih ■ .-p«- .1 

anotii.-r eearly the seme length, W« bad to ride in the Bream 

many ditfleattlee by reason of srose roads and the ignaranee of the 
people. Ws ni leal arrived al Penfl 

kfter erriTUgj with hi- a . in New-York city, he "waited 

on Obi. Richard Halt" (or Hyatl imrec of the O. ('. i he also 

vi-.iii ii the "Cm ".*' and saw panares of their snnjestk the 

Bang and Queen of France. — with which he seenni to have been 

1. 1, particularly with tin unll is high enough to 

receive their crowns," remarking thai tibia met "perhaps presages tli.it 
Vol. XX VII. 2* 



18 



Letters and Journal of Col. John May. [Jannai 



doom," &c. &c. We find him Thursday, April 24, "lodged in Philadelph 
at the sign of the Connostngo Wagon" Q" the trade much diminished, I 
the city much enlarged by building, the people proud aud extravagant, 1 
grumbling about the times. Two sets of ladies in this city: — one thai 
sensible and dresses neatly, another of fools who show it in their dress, 
have seen a head dresa at least three feet across. Their hair frizzled in 
frightful manner"]; and on the 2oth, "arrived at Christiana." At t 
place, putting himself in posture to salute a lady and gentleman whom 
met, his "horse began to take the hint, and bow and stumble," until 
length he fell, and ** both came down together." On which he reiuar 
next day, "feel the effects of complimenting, shall avoid it in future." 

Crossing the Susqiiehannah, dining at Havre de Grace, where he is mi 
astonished at the quantity of ale wives taken in a seine, and after being t 
in a severe rain-storm, we find him on April 27th, " arrived at Baltimc 
at Staruks (or Starrick's), sign of the Indian Queen." Here some busin 
(the nature of which we have been unable to discover) relating to the lie 
colonel of the regiment of which he was then, or had recently been, coloi 
engages his attention. But he evidently is not a man. as he remarks 
himself elsewhere, who "likes to tell all:" so he merely says, in a qi 
way, " attended to some particular business which I settled to my min 
and dismisses the subject. 

Thursday, 29th, at 11 4 o'clock, A.M., though "mnch urged to tarry 
Thursday, to celebrate the adoption of the new federal constitution by 1 
State of Maryland," he remounted his horse and "stood for the wildern 
of tho Western World." Every thing about him is unlike what he I 
seen before. He is evidently profoundly impressed and delighted with 1 
magnificent mountain country through which he soon begins to pass (mt 
of it doubtless the same in which our armies were engaged during I 
recent war). The journal abounds with passages in which, in his own te: 
and quaint phraseology, along with references to tho rough and sometin 
comical ad ventures of the wild region through which he is journeying, j 
mingled descriptions, showing that he looked on the scene with somethi 
the eye of an artist, and with feelings not unlike those of a poet. I 
whore there is so much of interest it is difficult to make selections. 1 
therefore leap over pages relating to "sons of Alleghana" (mountain 
* Dutch landlords," fording rivers, "bridges not being in fashion," floods 
water, not to ho passed in any other way " but through them," experience 
constantly, as is plain enough to see, " much rainy weather and abomina' 
roads." but encountering all these various difficulties in a spirit which is w 
enough shown in the remark with which ho introduces the record o: 
particularly trying day, viz.: that " the reality did not seem as bad as 
expected, having always remarked that it is best to begin a tedious job in 1 
morning, when man and beast are fresh:" omitting all this and much me 
we take him up again as we find him, May 5th, after dining at Simmerel 
on the Yohogany, sleeping at Clark's, on the Monongahcla; and remark: 
that, at the former place, " they used every stratagem to detain us all nig 

and perhaps as long as was Gcn'l 1* , who tarried at this place t 

months. They said it was better boating from this river than from i 
Mononghaela ; but they are Irish palaverers, and the truth is not in thei 
Clark's, it appears, was at Elizabeth's Town, 14 miles from Pittsburg 
land, 22 by water. While waiting here for a wagon he was expecting, 
gets his linen and stockings washed and goes a-gunning ; kills gray i 
black squirrels; finds the river abounding with fish, — cat, perch, pi 



1873.] 



Litter t and Journal of Col. John May. 



19 



buffalo and sturgeon: and another "terrible 6tb, if Ittoh ho may lie I 

1 an alligator. 18 inches Ion;*, with large, flat bead * like A 

og, four logs of the bigness i if a gi . rrel's, and All ■' 

KjiilT- Of ik sickly ash color, and spilt Jul U the •'< ffl." 

On tin- 7ili May. Wednesday, he records. "I etopl a boat (one of the 
kind called K'liii.iky boats, .something lietween a scow and a boat of lite 
oommoo oonati tctfoo, iSgbtl] covered at (be item and) bonod tot New 
( ):ir:in.-. .mil Agreed with the p to carry me, on people, end effecti 

to I'ituburg, for Si." The next <r:iy, somewhere Dear Pittsburg, be 
"A very agreeable pleasant situation where I 1 1 * • • * 

room with bed to mvaalf. a huge afore for the baggage end the p< 'pie to 
lixhr in. together with a kitchen to cook in: all at the W i > ino'lfi.itt 
of iv Set jier day." • • # • "PUteburs [| in plain light, :,t half 

:re, an irregular poorly built pbice • • * • ■object to l"t < - 1 1 ■ ■< ■ 1 1 1 
alarms from the savage.* of i i lil nation, however, agreeable, 

and the soil good.*' The "gentlemen director* of the Ohio ( 
whom he was expecting to see. being at the time away at auntie 
was detained here for a few day-. In- "people catching fish of h 
cooking and eating being the chief business." A poor fellow 
drowned, while he was waning here) and the body swept awa\ hi the 
current, he noticed among the "Dutch wngglupei . a strange custom, of 
which he thus speaks: "They took the • -liiit which the drowned man hud hut 
pulled off. put. in a whole loaf of good new bread, weighing 4 lbs. in it, and 
tied up at both ends." This woe thrown into thfl rota where the man fell 
in, and suffered to float off with a line and tackle attached to it " "1 In-.'' 
they said, " would swim till it cmuu over the body, and then sink." The 
body was found a few days oiler, but had "left the shirt md | 
behind." 

"While iu Pittsburg aud its neighliorhouil, the place was visited by a 
nnmber of Endi: \\>mn he -caunot say he is very fond ' 

frightfully ugly, and a pack of thieves and beggars ;" and, — "tienl. I'm nam 
being down tin; river, and some think arrived safe at Bin tdngumV 10 that 
he cannot have the consultation with him for which he appeal- anxious, — 
he whiles away the time and amuses himself with visiting the real mines, 
shooting wild turkeys, rumbling over the adjoining country, watching the 
numlier of "Ketituck boats" that pass. — "twenty soul 
great number of bodies without souls;" •lining at C'apt O'llarray's, — 

J elegaut dinner; tea-drinking at Col. Britller'a ; I 
where Bniddoek, the British general, was defeated in the French and 
Indian war of '56, where he Anal the "bones of the slain plenty ou the 
ground," &c. &c 

At last, with his "patience much worn;" "this r. rril.Ie delay in the midst 
of sowing time making him unhappy ; " after emplnvii ind | Dplfl 

some days in making axe-helves, hoe-handles, and preparing sundry other 
tool-: striving, meantime, -to act the philosopher, to keep bis 
himself, and not let the people know he feel, in tin- least uneasy 
a measure of relief, and embark- him ■ If, with effects, in a bout fart*} two 
ft. long, twelve wide, with ad drawing two and a half It. of water. 

But, poor man, was ei M tried? 

hours steadily : " roads intole: . . ,o that it i- next I 'Me to 

move in them;" and the river rises jut :»* rapidly as it had mil 

midst of all thia, "when all things seem to be against him.' Gov, Bfa 

Clair arrives, and he most pay hjm a visit of ceremony, lie has now been 



20 



letters mid Journal of Col. J//hn Mby. [January, 



forty day* from Boston, and ho* *een only eight day* of good (ur « 

p l»ut little, owing i" dogs, "two u> a man, - of tbeso 

•a ted sons of bitche* :•( I out I] or IS 

beginning to yell, and . cat 

day, M;iv f*/»prr, 

he paja hi* respect- | < i . "was rc«r. 

in liuiir, « inlniU'-'i on board the qa> 

Be about a mile doWS i "At 1-J o'cloi k :r fa*ta, 

and 1 ourselves to tlie current of th- Ohio " * " * e< 

beautiful • • • • without wind or wares, insenaibl] ban 

mile* an limn. 8 EH dtM lime, we find him at " \ lf 

"purchases more cow* and calve* and other neceaaai kindly 

received DJ Miv Loans (her bnsbaad gone to < ). at who- 

be "drank tea of an < th line bread and butter anod 

radishi - : ' an I ol half pasl eight in the - v< tiin«j he "attain eommit* Imh-. t 

to the water* Ful river." Thia time to cnrouul iflo 

tliui! .i.-b lie appear* lo I ed with intense enjoya 

■od enthusiasm. ".My turn to stand at the helm daring this hoi 

The seeue to grand, the- sounds and echoes so variou ool 

in, but kept up five hours, minding the Irltn, with one mnn to Jo- 

forward, and four to row. Wo stored un still as !. fbl 

on abhor hand was to be heard the howling of savage beasts, th« ■» l> 

of one kind of owl nud the screaming of another, wliilo, every DO 

ild come a burst of thunder. Tlie novelty of the situati" 

! iarities, kept my imagination awake. 1 must confess it a 

ntdest rights iu all iii\ ee." Farther on he »*} 

lake tin: poo of a Bam* to describe these beauties of lane 

ildug above landscape, eonstaml J attracting the eye • • • • passing 

one luveh island after another — floating tranquilly at the rate of i £ 

ur." 

< »i. M -..nihiy. May 26th, at three o'eloek. I'.M.. -wo arrived safelj • 

bank! of lha delightful Maskingoin linutimij. l"n. 

in reconnoitring the tpol where tbncuy [afterwards Marietta] is t ■ ' 

nut. which ho iiuds ■ to answer tho best descriptions be has heard 

uiui-li fttraok With the appearance of the old ruins * * * * 

* • * * how many ages since inhabited none can tel 
• • • • trees growing nut i if them appearing as ancient as tho n 
rOdernfaa • • • • trace* of art In different parts" 

Hi ing now landed our hero, if we may he permitted to call him so, 
his d- ■uiuatinn. limited space will compel us to hurry him through 

of the mnuoeri till, at the fall advances, be sets 1 
i again, and takes np the wearisome journey thitherward. 
Little u done toward the plantation, In thinks: > good deal of time 
money Diaspeot. The Indians tbereahoal appear friendly enough, boj 
ire a set of creatures not to be trusted." (Jen. Putnam lella hit 
hav< Imth severid parties here sin--.' Ub arrival." » >iie day he 
with < '.iii. Karmi r. and has an elegant ilinncr which he quite min 

tbas. Another . 1 . t y i MS Major Doughty's gai a weft 

filled with aoonss arias and curiosities as most gardam b boston.' 1 

On Wi ilne-day. May 28th, went with other- "to JOrvey the Tea Aero 

• and drew tor men in the. erening." ft Col. Sproni drew v , 9 . 

Vernon, LO J May, II | Sarg. nt, 12: PSrsons, IS; das." They soon hear 

of Indian hostilities, though tin Indians are frequently there, seem to be on 






by, 



it." 



the 



and 






1873.] 



Letters and Journal of Col. John May. 



21 



friendly terms, and he has shaken li.amla with some of them. Boats arrive 
v, ith ollieers and soldier*, to the mnnlier of al>oait one himdt>il. A Mr. 

White, M. C. from North Carotin*, eppean on the scene, also Major Codli 
and Col. Olney from Providence. The work of clearing land commences, 
and tho soil opens delightfully. VonilOfl ll 09X01000 BBOBgh. Thunder 
gusts are frequent, and come up with great rapidity : Mid the river rises in 
rather an eetonbdiin:! fashion. He has killed tv.' . a copper-head, 

very spiteful, and ;i I:. i njr lil.uk xnake ; but he has not seen a 

i ik', and does not think snake* are v«*ry numerous. On Sunday, 
June 8th, there being no preaching, ivilli Qoaerab Pa 

\ ilium. | ' A || Sprout. Hal I ..'ll I/, Mfljsjs, .\i • : - r 1 1 and Mr. Kii.\ he 

ka on board (Jem llarmer's barge, and goes to that gentleman's to 
dint j where, from the detoriptian, Ihej liad a most luxurious dinner. They 
spent i In- aliniioon there, drank tea, then crossed the river back again, and 
went to rest. 

After directing the clearing of the land, some weeks or more, he begins 
to t.rl the effects of some sort of poisofl he ttai mOOVBferod, and subse- 
quently lias a good deal of trouble from it. However, neither this, nor 
anything else, appears to discourage him more than for a moment ; no, nor 
the dimensions and disputes ami exhibitions of bad faith, which, in a land 
of adventurers like this, brought together from tho four points of Iha 
compass, must inevitably spring up. He h oopi steadily at work, clearing 
the laud, living and sleeping on board his TOOMlt moored to the bauk, and 
pumaiing to put up a Cranio housu wluch is gutting ready: — the weather 
terribly hot, and ruins very frequent. 

On Monday, Jam ICtlt. be receives his first package of letters from homo 
• * m « "very acceptable indeed," — hut, pleased as hu is. "too busy to 
make lengthened remarka." 

Some arrangements begin to l>e mailo for a treaty with tho Indiana. 
Two large keel -boats arrive with a quantity of merchandize "for use in the. 
treaty," and go ap the Muskingum, about sixty miles, to the fork*, to make 
preparations to build a council-house, &c., and tint commissions of Judges 
PanOM and Vininii are road, "also Regulations for the governm- ut of the 
people. In fact Ry-Iaws were much mttat OHicera were named to 
command tho Militia, gnardl to he mounted every evening, all nudes to 
appear ander aim every Sunday." 

Sunday. June 22nd. was tin day -ct to determine the rank of officers who 
are to do military dutv in Muskingum, as follows: — "Col. Crary. 1st Com.; 

GoL Mar, 2nd; Col BotteUe, 3d; Lt. Col. Stacy, 4th; LfcCoL I Utter, Mhi 

Major I'hillips 6th 3 ('apt. Kier. 7th. I hnd the honor to act as Adjutant 
Gen. and See'y too, and was all making and presenting reports, &c n 

Sickness begins to appear; some of the men complain of aches and pains; 
is himself full of rumbling pains, and his limbs drag after him; and he goes 
about "grunting;" but "often seizes an axe. in order to stir his bin 
well as to stimulate others." 

Saturday, June 29th. "Mighty in digging cellar, 21x18 ft, 7 ft. deep, 

through a soil of reddish color, mixed with fine sand. Finds Dr. M 

out of provisions, and no money. Took pity on him. and took him into my 

bmflj ill"' it was quite large enooffjh befbrei Pot powder-horn and shot 

bag on him. a gun into his hand, with a bottle of grog by his side, and told 
him to live in my cornfield, and keep off squirrels and BO* 

July 1st, news came to the oo threat* nhtg character: two parties 

of Indian warriors on the war-path, and extra precautions rendered 



Lttlrrt and Joiirnul of Col. John M f Jam 

necessary. But, notwithstanding all alarms, fatigue*, sicknesses, when Um 
4th arrive, it finds the colonists all ready Tor a grand celebration. A tahk 
60 ft. long is laid, an excellent oration is delivered by Judge Vernon, nod a 
•alut.-, uith cannon, of fourteen guns is fired. Notwithstanding a heavy 
•vhich lasted half an hour, and drenched their tabli I'XxvW 

in rexcuing the chief of their provisions, though iujured materially ; nnd, 
when Uie sky cleared up. laid their table again ; and, undaunted by a sccood 
shower, put the thing through: — patriotically and gallantly drinking 
thirteen toaata, among which were: — 1. The United State*, ri. 
Federal Constitution. 7. General Washington, ami Lb S ' On* 

cinu.-wi. 8. J lis Excellency Got. St, CI I the Wc 

1*2. The amiable partners of our lives. 13. All mankind. " I'leosc-I with 
the entertaiumeut we kept it up till after 12 at night, then went boa 
what condition tradition deponeth not) to lied; and slept touudly till 
uiiiriiiii^." 

:>re troubled, in looking over this journal, with what to omit rather 
than with what to select. We have already occupied bo much space, we 
must necessarily overleap large portions. On the Vth, ( rrive-i 

at thu garrison, anil is revived with a salute of fourteen guns. On the 
11th all thu people of Col. May are at work on his '.. nicer 

would appear, than those usually built at such times and places ; and 
his reasons for building such a botJM he proceeds to give at some length. 
He says of it, " 1 ". and Ifi ft. high, a good cellar and drain 

it, and" the first [of the kind] built in Murk t! 

17th. •• Waited on the Governor, with Col. Sprout ami Mr. fearing, 
wit 1) answer to his address. Had a gracious reception. After rctuniin«-. 

Sent afternoon in rt «BBOitring the country — the fourth tin, ng no?' 

n Sunday, 20th, the first refigtoos service was held. A large numb 
people assembled. Mr. Daniel Brook preached, nnd made out pretty wcdl. 
The singing excellent. Wo had 'Billings' to | erfection. Got. 
much pleased with the whole exercise." 25th, visiting his house, which 
after an illness, ho ''crept up to see," he set to work • windows* 

and is gratified to find eighty quarries of glass he packed in Bo : 
August 1st. Begun to Knock the boat to pieces to furnish boards tor the 
house. August 2nd, after an interview with "Old Pipes, Chief of ihe 
Delaware Nation, dressed and acting like the offspring of .Satan," and after 
lirbed in his rest by an Indian pow-wow, which lasted till 
the hour of rising, he relieves himself as follows: "1 have no doubt that 
psalmody had its origin in heaven, bat my faith is just as strong th 
music of these savages was fir.v I night in a place the exact opposite." 

S.ii ii< lay, August on, at 3 o'clock. A.M., we find him embarking again, 
with face towards the source of the Ohio, and in a comptmv "all < 
and all men," in which "every om must speak >>u > nn- 

tinds it very hard to fat patience have its net 
Going 110 tin: Ohio, taking turn* in rowing, relieving each ofln-r re^idarly 
and frequently, ho fonnd very dilVi-n-nt from drifting' down it, ;n 
plating the beauties of the scenery. Omitting his adventures with a 
rattle-snake, also with a certain Rosinante, with head a- big M this I 
and his descriptions of a 2nd passage of the "Wilderness" by a 
somewlr.it 'hilt i. -.it, v,< tin I him, on Sunday morning, August I0th,indul 
in Lho following reflection*! — "In reverie I retraced the way to thai 
niasNTpicrt: of Ahnightj creation where l had ,|M-nt the Summer, where 
swelling sails waft prosperity, and large returns from the teeming soil will 






•■] 



and Journal of Col. John May. 



23 




b >ubly reward the industrions planter : — "watered 83 the region is by 

refreshing showers sad dews from Heaven, as well as by majestic, and 

il rivers, What though tin- i wt end mar 

an.] yi 11 in midnight hellish p •..■]-. I >ur feel Mill D61 

for i.nr how la benl [th, and oar arm made Btroag by the mighty 

God of Jacob. Through his strength h of our 

(irv.tLitluri.lml! the people assemble ? thither shall the tribes go 

up to worship, to worship the mighty God of Israel." 

Pot Snndaj, LngUBt I7tli, we ilnd the following entry: "Rose this 
morning at 3 o'clock, and went 14 miles to break last at Bethlehem [in 
l'i mi- I settlement]. We •■■■ i.iuther- 

ii the BO*! hospitable manner, especially by Mr. Iliekerweldcr, who 
i missionary among the Indian*. He paid particular 
attention t<i no, invited tu to go to meeting with him. I accordingly 
chilli d ins- cloth, and went To give a just description of this beautiful 

iv is far beyond my ability." boeed there is no i 
passage of the which the writer's pen is so surcharged with 

emotion as in this. A man of impulsive and tender t flings, he is struck 

with a "pleasing StOazemei In hall, and "lieholds sixty 

little beautiful girls. Seated in regular Otdi r, < lad in » 'hit" mudm, Of I a inline, 
willi a nil ribboB iii I lafge DOn rOUOd their nceks, and also til 

of sn older order, all in white, chanting Iheir Maker's praise to the music 

of an elegant orgau. Tin- liirt- of my tl<- - ' .• Up, end the big tear 

•welled in enj I ■ hi ou ear, nil attention. I eouM 

worship to nothing •■be 1ml I fie worship ol the kingdom of hi SVCD." They 

appear t<> him "like the saints disburdened of their olog of earth, I 

1 in their white rohe- ; " and the "inging iv* »nfl anil delicimi-. and at 
the came time as grand, as that rif the Spheres, OoL V aed in 

Bethli hem i daj or I iro, s rplprico its e i 

aud other objects of interest, before be remounted his horse and panned hut 

journey. The impression of this agreeable rail Mesne never to Soto passed 

from his mind. Be reinciuliered it vividly to lib dying day; aud when, 

years afterward, lbs question earns op in his family, where should a little 

iter be sent to school? he ooold think of bo other place than Befhlehemj 

bnt in toil rrulod byi mbem of his family with whom 

other and different oon ; more iretght. 

Travelling northward, encountering a Iremondone storm which swelled 

riven, can-h d away mh-Ii hridgCS as there were, and generally, in NeW« 

fork and elsewhere, did i vast deal of damage ; deeping in places where 
badness of the air (in- had an asthmatic difficulty) be narrowly 
escaped suffocation; we find bim arrived, Friday, Aug. 29th, in Pomfret, 

hie native place, and OB Wednesday. September 'Jrd, in Boston : anil the 
journal al mj Own house a little after 

i. Selaii." The original is quite frequently adorned with tittle 
drawings or vignettes, made with the pen, of objects or seen 
II handwriting u-u.illy neat, and ol 

Ho doubtless had an eye which, wiih i lern cultivation, would have ma<le 

him a good draughtsman; aud. generally, he was a person of a ready, apt, 

and ardent t n in • 'f mind; of a temperament too active for hi- strength of 

IS ; and he constantly pul more upou him-df than beolUl 
hear. 

In 1789, Col. May agaiu went out to the Ohio country: but of this 
second journey he kept no journal; and only occasional memoranda of it, 




Priacilla (Thontu) lluhart. 



[ January, 



in here and there a letter which has been preferred, remain. This journey, 
like the other, was begun, and in great part prosecuted, on horseback. 
Pauing throngh New- 1 ork he witnessed the ineugurattoo of Weahingtoe. 
as first president of the United States, the observances relating to which ha 
quite minutely describes- After a long and very trying d et en tion at 
l'ia.sburg (owing to the lowness of the river) which almost mined him, be 
arrive*] in July in Marietta, where he "found the j>eoplc in high spirit*, and, 
I may say, in a flourishing situation, the place much altered, and 
improvements made." It is impossible to pursue him farther. Ai 
fluctuating traffic in ginseng (which was largely used as canon, 
peltries,— with matters relating to which his correspondence with frier* 
in Boston is largely filled np, — we find him once more, Nov. 30th, 'SO, 1 
Philadelphia, faced homeward, and probably in Boston again soon after. 
ward. He remained connected, doubtless, with the Ohio Company the 
rest of his life, as, when his estate was settled, it was found that np to the 
time of his death he was still an owner of stock in that corporation. 



IN THE LIFE OF PBISCILLA (THOMAS) 
1IOBART. 



Thk following eommunicntion is extracted from the mnrd« of ray lute brother. 

Benjamin. Mansion Wat*>n. I>. Jan. 11. 1?£0 ; grad. nt Harvard Coll. I8U0, ami diod 

31, 1851. Ha received all the |Mrtnulare of this soaiewhnt mi :.ay 

in tin" year 1848, alflUWt iptUUMt rtrbis from my mint Mr*. Prixcilla (Wstvio) 

Cotton, then the wfdi Rev. Jonah Cotton >>\ ■■ genealogy of 

tha familial hem mentioned i* in the Rkuisteb, vol. xvii. p. 863. 

Orange, N. J., Aug. S3, 1872. Jouk L. Watsost. 

Ciixr. 1. 

mi Hoisakt, y* last husband of my Great Grand Mother, 
Hobart, was a school teacher in Duxbury, Mass"*, having gra»b 
nt Harvard College iu 17-'l, and become acquainted with Pri 
Thomas, a very interesting young girl, daughter of Caleb Thomas, a 
reaper; riofth.it town. Their acquaintance ripened into an en- 

gagement, A. mutual promise of marriage, whenever his circumstances w'd 
permit him to discharge y" debt! he had i I tor his education. Whilo 

this understanding subsisted between them, & they were enjoying y* happy 

relation of afTinanced loveflSj >v ealmly waiting forsurh improve 

affairs as w'd justify their marriage, John Watson Esq*, of Plymoul 

! I.iiIm i. b«mg a Widower, having seen l'ri^illa, was touch 
pleaVd with her, although j* lerioua dhTerence of nearly thirty jrean exist- 
ed in i' • i >c • 1 1 1 50, «t she '22 years old. Being, however, 
(fcjMchttniiM with I'ri-'illa. hi: n •■■■-■ I- -- i f - . Dnxburj & call'd on her p*. 
i to thrm his views A wiahet in relation to Prisoilla, & 

■ i iid their consent to visit their daughter, with y* object "t oflc 
himself to her in marnaee. Tiny mlnnuM M "r Watson that i'riseilla was 

engaged to Mr. 11 ibart, but they w\i call her A [at her speak for In 
the;, ruling plea.i'd with y* offer, as M'r WaUon's circumstances were 
known to be very eligible. 



1873.] 



Priicilla (Thomas) Jlobart. 



Cuap. 2. 

Priscilla was call'd, & appear'd gratified with an offer from so rich a 
suitor, A; oil ..V (ulk w i 1 1 1 him ahoutlt She 

< f. n\ i ■!-,'«] with Noah, and he tin muht that, iijmiii y" wholo, it Was not 
for bar to lose so good an opportunity ; A: a* he was still nmeb in debt fin 
his education, that it was quite uncertain when ho w'd be able to relievo 
himself from bin embarrassments, & bo in a condition to marry her. Sim 
1 1 H n concluded to accept M'r Watwu's ol week* he mar- 

ried her, & carried her to his boHM in Ph :n->utli- In due time she horO 
him two sous, y* eldest, my great uncle W illiam Watson, ft y* youngest, my 
grandfbthei taott; & soon after, in Se|»t' 1721, her husband 

died of a fever, and left his wife a handsome young widow, of about 25 
years of age. 

Chap. 8. 

About y* name time that M'r Wataon's death occurr'd, the wife of Thomas 
Lothrop Esq', one of their neighbours, died, leaving a young infant, w'h was 
frequently sent to Mr's Watson to be nursed, she having also a nursing in- 
fant. In y* mean time, Noah Hobttt, probably DOt having yet. paid his 
college debts, did not hoip manifest any paii irular Knt&nftnta, or Intention! 
in relation to her, perhaps also being iiiiln.nccd by y* contrast in their con- 
dition, she being left a rich widow. 

The intercourse created between M'r Lothrop & Mr's Watson by their 
mutual interest in his nursing infant, hrrmghl about a reciprocal inter- 
est in each other, &. in due time he offer'd, & was accepted by her 
as her second husband. She lived with him happily for some years, & 
bore him three children, two sons 4b a •; viz. D'r Natl 

throp & Isaac Lothrop Esq*, of Plymouth, ft l'riscilla. married to (I. > 
Burr Esq*, of Connecticut ; when M'r Lothrop died, St Priscilla became a 
widow for y* second time. 

Ciiap. 4. 

Noah Uobart, while y* incidents related in y* former chapter were 
occurring to Priscilla. having been settled in y* (Congregational) ministry 
at Fairfield, Connecticut, had married & his wife had died previously to the 
death of Mr. Lothrop. At a suitable interval, subsequent to these events, 
he concluded to make a visit to his first sweetheart, & went to Plymouth, 
& again proposed himself for her husband. She was very glud to see him, 
& receiv'd him very graciously ; and much regretted that she could not 
accept his propoaela, without breaking a promise that she hud made to M'r 
Lothrop ou his deatb-lMid, not to marry while his mother lived. Noah, dis- 
appointed, set out for Lome with a heavy heart, & having roach'd Ilhigham, 
call'd ou y' Rev 4 M'r Shute, who invited him to stop & preach y* Thursday 
lecture for him ; to w'h ho assented. After y* lecture was over, as :h>-\ 
were going home, the v met a traveller on horseback, of whom M'r Shute 
enquired 'where he was from?" He answered, "from Plymouth;" when 
they farther anqnlred •• if there was any news!-" II" answerld, ■ BOtblag 
particular, except that old Mailam Lothrop died lu-i i i la." Noah's face 
Q,p on this announcement, ft bs rune- • again towards 

Plymouth; and without being able to Btate any intervening puuicuki: 
know that in three weeks from that time, Priscilla married her third hus- 
band in y* person of her first lover, ft was settled at Fairfield as "y" min- 
ister's help-meet," & y" wife of v< Rev* Noah HobarU 

Vol. XXVII. 8 




26 Priscilla (Thomas) HobarU [January, 

Chap. 5. 

The life of Priscilla at Fairfield was tranquil and happy ; & it is said 
that she sometimes confess'd to her children, in her old age, they being also 
y e children of her other husbands, that y* period she lived with JSoah was 
y* happiest portion of her life. She had no children by M'r Hobart. Her 
oldest son by M'r Lothrop, D'r Nathaniel Lothrop, married Ellen Hobart, 
y daughter of Noah, & thus contributed further to cement this happy & 
long deferr'd union. Priscilla, however, was destined to be a widow for y* 
third time, as y« Rev 4 Noah Hobart died at Fairfield in y* year 1773, <fc left 
her in possession of his homestead there. 

Chap. 6. 

After y* death of M'r Hobart, Priscilla remained at Fairfield, occupying 
his house & receiving y° manifestations of y" affection and respect of his 
late Parish for a period of six years, until July, 1779, when y* whole village 
of Fairfield was burn'd by y* English troops under y* command of Gov* 
Tryon. Being now houseless she returned to Plymouth, & occupied J* 
house in w'h she had lived with her second husband, M'r Lothrop. Here 
she lived serenely & happily many years, in y* enjoyment of y* blessings 
resulting from a well-spent & virtuous life. In y* year 1786, when I was a child 
of about 6 years old, being on a visit to Plymouth with my Father, I well 
recollect visiting her, & being by her most cordially received & welcom'd, 
as y* first of her great-grand-children whom she had seen, & as a token of her 
satisfaction, & for a memorial of herself, she gave me a pair of gold sleeve- 
buttons, as a keepsake. She was at this time 80 years old, her mental & 
corporeal faculties in perfection. Her carriage was exceedingly upright. 
Her person was small and well formed, she not exceeding in height 5 feet, 
1 or 2 inches. Her countenance was animated & expressive & gave decid- 
edly y e impression of having been handsome, resembling that of her grand- 
daughter, y* late Mr's Judge Davis, more than any other of her descendants 
whom I have seen. She lived until 1796, nearly 10 years after this inter- 
view, & died in June of that year, aged 90 years. 



REAR ADMIRAL NEHEMIAH BOURNE. 

Communicated by Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New-York. 

Berry, in his Kent Pedigrees, gives a schedule of one family of the name 
Bourne, of Sharested, parish of Dodington, descended from Bartholo- 
mew Bourne, whose son Robert had three grandsons (sons of Francis), 
James, John and Thomas ; the first of whom James had the following 
children living, at the time of the Camden Visitation in 1619, viz.: James, 
tet. 22, Thomas, «et 20, Francis, aet 18, William, set. 16, Henry, set. 12, and 
Robert, a;t. 10, and daus. Elizabeth, wife of Robert Ade, Bennet, Alary 
and Sarah. Arms, — Argent, on a bend azure three lions rampt. guard, or. 

Other armorial bearings than these, though diifering but slightly, an d 
used by the Bournes or Bornes of London, 1570, Wells, co. Somerset, 
Kent, Worcester, London and Berkshire, will be found in Burke's General 
Armory. 



1873.] 



Rear Admiral X>?\tmiah Bourne. 



27 



A pedigree of Borne of London, from cos. Kent and Somer 
to the St. George Visitation of 1884, is contained in tin* II. irl. M8S. 
i [78, lb 185, Brit Mn sob. i ■ was privately print 

bury, by Sir Thomas PI ut 

En the Prerogative Court. London* ire find tint will 1 of John Bourne, 
the older, dtiaen and baker ut' thai .1 March 1, H'" r- ,., and proved 

June B6, r610i Being iged and pained In body, yet of p 
good remembrance, &c, b 3i An to be buried in the Church of the 
pital of St. Katherinee, near the Tower of London, when-' he now inhabits 
and dweUa. Sneaks of his plate, y- to his wifo 

H hi llin fhf lr«es of several iditionnllv, and describes the same; 

his dwelling-honse situate within the F I. -i.it. .1 of St.. Katherines. and houses 
in Wapping-Wall ; and at her death lii- etdoM *<m John to succeed to some 
of the leases. Other leases Ik- beau htha to his son Robert, and his young- 
eat son Bartholomew. To El and Joan, daaghtan of ion John, 
each £109, when married or 21 years of age. To the pnnr inhabitant! 
within the precincts r,f St. Kiitherines. an annuity of £8, to be bestow, d in 
bread. To Thomas 1 mid Maudlin, i-hildren <rf *<>n Bartholomew, earl. 

i of ego. To ii. : . .ii the tuplemenl 

dent and behuiginj; to tin- Iradit of .-• Ii.-i1»«t. I ■ ■ 

To his friends John at, the el.l.-r. of I..; (.. Bawx, mariner, and 

Charle* Bronghton, of St. Katherinee, aaeh a pteoe of gold of the ni 
fifteen •hilhn£a,t4 main ringi of. Appoint.-, bi teentrix, and the 

•aid Charl. tOBJ John, Robert ami Batl over- 

seers. 

Tin- fihuTOB rrfi-rrc-rl ( i bl the above will, was situated ' fait rastward of 

the Tower, the boepHel to which: it. wa* attached b eantor tlmea having 
been founded by Matilda, wife of King Stephen. On the south wall 
enencel there existed fa 1683, according 

Itof Master John Bonrne, late Citisen and White I 

of London, briny ■'• lb. p'-r Annum, SO be bestowed in liread aasOnget Ibe 

l»oor© of the Pmoinol Beganna Ibe 10 day of May, Anno Dom. 1009, to 
be continued unto them fyt 40 yearaa following." 

The second ion, Robert Boomoi was a shipwright of Wappfag. The 
ehnreb of 8t Jobs of vYanpoBg, formerly a obapel onder St. Mi 

Ion, alias Whit'-'-imp,-!. irai pi icnred by the - >•■■>! care of Mr. ko\ 
Coytomor©, Mr. Robert Bonlma, Mb*. Wlhnool and otii iota of tlm 

Hamlet, several citi/ens of I.omlon being benefactors tli. : .-t... It wai 000- 
s«'ciat«->l hy tin: HUhop of London, 7 July. 1617, and was erected i 
parish-c liu rrh 16C»$. liuwlaiid ('nvt.-np.n-. mheequcntly a warden of this 
chapel, had been in 1616 Master of the Royal James, a trader to the I I 
Indies, and was in 1626 a benefactor of Trinity RonaOf he had in 
Mrs. Catherine (Myles) Gray, who in )<■ widowhood cam*- to New- 

KiiL'land and was of Charlestown '' ber with bar KMI Thomaa 

more. Tlie wife of the latter. Martha, dan. <>t I 
was, I presume, a sister of Col. Thomas and Maj. Wiu. B a in oboroagh in 

1 Abstracts of will* in thi« article werr fiirtiMied Iiy II- ri. S.m | , of I/.ndon. 

« Thomaa Bourne, cltliten sad grocer of 1 

hogarbUng' •'•sceo, 

tn jrrova freemen i in thl- oar Kc*lm and other our Dom culm 

Bourne, jroccr, sopolntcd u Hot., 1624, ouc of ttic tenters of Tobacco, uad an oOlccr of lie 
OBMnni —Rymtr* Fodira, xvii. 
' Taken down and moored to tlio Regent's Turk in 1815. 




28 



Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne. 



["January. 



the parliamentary aervice ; the became, in 1 647. the fourth wife of Got. 
John Wiiillm.p. arbOM I married her sister Judith. 

ItoberL Bourne, shipwright, I.-lt it will dated 3 Aug, 1C24, proved fa 
Loudon. 22 Jum-. 163a! Si * peaks of himself aa tick and weak in 
&c To hi* son Nehemiah. whom he deairea ahall he a acholar and 
up at the University of Cambridge, he bequeath* a house, &*„ in Grace* 
euueft St., called tbe sign of the Pewter Platter. To hia wife Mary, 
tenements in Witley, co. Essex, during her life, then to aon Nehemiah. 
To son John the lease of certain property in St. Katharines, near the 
Tower, when 21. To brother Bartholomew and his three children, each 
a house. Names Bartholomew, son of brother Bartholomew. Legacies, to 
hia three daughters, Martha. Mary and Ruth. Mention* cousin Klirabetfc 
llarrison. Appoints hia wife executrix. 

At the period of hia father's decease (1625), Nehemiah Bourne was 
probably somo 14 years of age, and in 16S8 he took to his boaocn a young 

partner for life, Hannah , then in her sixteenth year. Contrary le 

the wishes of his father, it would appear that ho did not enter npao a 

riate course, deeming it not unworthy to follow in the footsteps of that 

y predecessor and practise ship-building. An entry taken from the 

: I in Council would seem, however, to indicate a different pursuit, | 

doubtless involves an intentional error; it is as follows: 

I 688, 10th Aprill (ordered on thu 6th). 

"A Passe for Nehemiah Bourn.-, of the parish of White Chapel], While 
Baker, to travayle into tbe parts of America, with a clause to tbe Searchers, 
touching prohibited Goods." Signed, &c. — (Cbas. L vol. 15. 81)' 

Not long after (May 8th), another pass was granted "for Thomas 
Hawkins of White Chapel], Carpenter, to goe into the parte of, 
called New England, and to take with him his Trunk of Apparel] 
other necessaries, with the ordinary Clause for searching. Dated H 
Hay, 1C38." This Hawkins, also a ship-builder, had already visited 
Massachusetts Colony, where, after a short residence at Dorchester, he 
obtained, in Sept., 1686, the grant of a lot of land in Charlestown. 

The passes referred to were granted in pursuance of an order from the 
Kin;:, whi'-li on 6 April, lO.'is. prohibited "all merchants, masters, and 
owners of ships, from henceforth to set forth any ship or ships with pas- 
sengers for New England, till they have first obtained special license on that 
behalf, from such of the Lord's of his 3Iaje*ty's most honorable Privy 
Couucil, as are appointed for the business of foreign plantations by special 
commission;" a step which bad been taken to prevent "the frequent resort 
to New England of divers persons, ill affected to the religion established 
in the Church of England, and to the good and peaceable government of 
tbe State," and after considering "the sundry and great complaints which 
have been presented to the Council, and made appear to be true by those 
that being well affected both for religion and government, have Buffered 
much loss in their estates, owing to the unruly and factious disposition, of 
tbe people (or a great part of them) in that Plantation," etc. 

Having reached New-England, Bourne became located, first in Charles- 
town, as a shipbuilder and merchant or trader, and subsequently, accord ii 
to Savage, in Dorchester.' Entering into partnership with Tlmr 
Hawkins, we find them recorded as owners of the ship Sparrow, 00 



1 It. E. TTi«t. Airn Gsw. Rao., tIII. 139. 

* Probably told 12 acres In Don-neater to John Pope of that jtsce, who d. 12 Ap., 



1873.] 



Rear Admiral Nehmiak Bourne. 



29 






of New-England, for the departure of which from London, with fifty pas- 
sengers, &c., application was made GO n il. tO .hm.. l6ofl 

Boston, Hawkins becftmc a '. and 

Bourne, 2 June. I til I. These two, together with Thomas t> 
also a nirnlimiJ and ship-master, and three others, were appointed 7 < I i . 
1641, to settle rates of wharfage, portridge and warehoti 

Ah hough in lf>29 the Mass. Co. sent out six shipwrights, a 
Moulton at their head, yet during the ten years i i seels 

of small size, snch as sloops, pinnaces, ketches, shallops, harks ami skirl's.— 
the largest scarce exceeding 2«" tone, — wen sal New- 

England ; and when Edwurd Bangs hunched a bark DM at 

T'l vmimih (or Eascham), 21 Jan.. I *""» 4 1 , it was recorded as the first vessel 

size built in tl.ir oolony< Th this observation we ought to make one 
ception, namely, "the Desire." of ISO ton*, hnilr aj .-head and 

launched abont Aug., LM6] we read of ftl return rVoin the West Indies, 
L 1 ''. Dec, I687| after an absenca of seven months. Again, "the Desire,'' 
Wh*> Pearce, master, George Foxcroft and others owners, W«a 

to Near-England Prom London, with pa< 
and 17 J:ni.. Hi.'j'.i—iu. Bow long Robert M ■ . 1 1 ! * ■ . i . bald hii position aa chief 
of the shipwrights is tmoertaiB : he let&ted ei Salem, and was in :iii proba- 
bility the tame person who was ta April, 1649, Captain of the "Swinsorey" 
■is guns, under Admiral &,of Warwick. Savage speaks of his decease 

in n".i..; bb -."". Robert hfenlton, jr.. n led moal I ■ i". Abigail (ioadc, 

niece of Bnmtne! Dowb with a like supposition, I 

the " Satisfaction," . ■$.* 

In the year 1640, at the instigation of the Rev. Hugh P colo- 

nists turned their ,n lOsdy tOK and a 

vessel of 300 tons having heen ci n noted at Salem, the merchants of 
Boston were stimulated tO huihl one of somewhat smaller dtl I frl DD 

l»'.u to "JHU toil'.), and on '_'•> I '". "Mr. Bourne," m i to the 

town records, desired a place adjoining his house "forbuili ship." 

It would be mtttrettiufi bo locate the exact | lace when the keel of this, the 

first vessel of Huston, wax laid. The /look of Poutttion* i dial 

tlie house and gardes of Oapt Boonu were situated at the North 

between tin I. it of Anne, widow of Richard Turtle (who died 1640), on 

die north, and thai of Edward Beadall <>" the south, witb ti.. i Bay 

t>n the east, litrndall in Jan., n»4j}. *oM the aerlherh half of hi* hit, 40 
feet wide, to t:i|it Thomai Hawldna,afld die lower hilt passed into the 
j.M ■- ■ imi of Anchor Ahswarth i ilirectij b< low ddi ma mk land of Lk at 
Thomas Savage, whose southerly lino ran along a lane leading east. 
the Cove. North of tin- widow Tut tie, lay in succession the lands of Wm. 
Beamsley, Isaac Grosse, John Sweet and Walter Merry, and on Merry's 
l'<i:nt was Babse<|uently eoDstructed the North Baltetj* After com paring 
several deeds of conveyance, appertaining to contiguous property, the cer- 

1 Almuljr iilliiilr'l (n ; ilnrinc' n vivr**r to BlatfllZB, In a Colonial priTntrcr, Tliomiu" Haw- 
kins, captain, he i«ri»hcil by ■tupwraefc '-'■' on tin coa-t oi Spain. 

itCapCRol >. iluringciic summer of 164fl, 

ley ak Admiral in thr Irish Sean, tmc 8w»nl«r « 
by commission dstad Ti Oct. of tin. 1 wme year. In March, 1646-/, he command. 

1 :iio«; whs during summer of 1650 Vice Admiral (otulcr Blake), In the St 
Andrew, 280 men, nud appointed 5 Kp„ 1651, Conn I tin- N.ivj 

Anrnilant at Purtxniaiitli, Cap*. Bobort HoQjton, of IncrcAM fri^aie, 14 gVOS. Wil 
1B4R-7; Cipt. Moulton of tin- Sophie. 80 roiM.ln ■•<> I M»nliou,at 

the same time, ot the ^tur, S| gun. , Oapt, KooitOB, 16*6, &c, in Oie Irish Lip 

Vol. XXVII. 3* 



Hear Admiral Schcmiah Bwne. 



[ January, 



Jiunii, 11*40, 

d, »Ui. I with a 

hitn Malaga, 

refitting, itbe 



tainty is almott arrired at that Bourne's lot was purchasr ! orgs 

Davis blacksmith, who died in 1686, tad to wbcue will Nathaniel iint*. 
wood, a young shipwright from Norwich, waa • witness. After 

arduous toil for a score of years, Greenwood purchased this property frmn 
the heirs of Davis, and it it described aa * part of the yard where h« had 
formerly and still continued the building of Teasels." This yard ia locavaV 
on Bonner's Map of 1722, about the foot of Salutation Alley, and the Urge 
wharf running out . formerly called "the Island Wlwrf,"' nppeaa 

to correspond with the present Union Wharf. 

vessel built at Boston waa, to judge from Winthrop's Journal, 
finished by June, 16-11. and received the name of " the Trial;" but not 
iiiiii .Inly nf the following yi.-ar did the rigging for this, and other vessels 
then under way, arrive from England. According to the colonial records, 
ten barrels of jHiwdrr and six pieces of unmount* d ordnance, were Vanned 
to the owners of the ship, for the proposed trial, 14 June, 1C42, and being 
finally ready to sail towards the close of August, she set out with Mr. 
Thomas Coytemore, as master, and a cargo of pipe staves and Bab, jV.r the 
Azores and the We t India Islands, whence she returned SO March. I 
after a prosperous voyage, lb-r next trip 1 was mora ex- ! with 

cargo of iron and wool from Bilboa, and wine, fruit and oil from 
she sailed into Boston harbor. 86 March, 1C4J, whence, after 
departed in May to trade along the aaatern coast towards Canada. 

Upon her second voyage, the master of the Trial had been Mr. Thoi 
Graves, who is supposed to have married Catherine Gray, *top->.i,t.-r of 
Thomas Coytemore. Graves, who had been and still continued for noose 
years master of a ship employed between London and Boston, wa* finally 
appointed by Parliament, 30 Muv. 1662, captain of the frigate Pre 
42 guns, in the squadron of R, Ad. Bourne ; and the following year aa 
Ad. of the White (in V. Ad Peon's fleet), in the St. Andrew, 36 
56 guns, he participated in the actions, against the Dutch, of June 2d and 
8d, and was slain in the tight of July 3 1st His body was Ian. . the 

fleet in Aldborough bay (co. Suffolk), Aug. 8th, and buried the aame day, 
and soon after (Oct. 86, 1668) Parliament granted £1000 to his widow, of 
which amount £700 was to be secured in equal portions to each of bis 
ren. 

Dec. 88, I643| five ships sailed from Boston, one of them carrying o 
passengers for London, among whom, says Winthrop. " were men of chief 
rank in the country." ( >r rhe*r latter, (apt. Israel Stougbton again visited 
New-Kn^bm! tof ;> ihort period, but returned as speedflj as | a "with 

divers others of our bos! military men, and entered into the Parliament^ 
genie. Mr. StonghtOB irai made Lt CoL to Col. Rainsborow; Mr. Xehe- 
<\i Boune, a shi|»curi>eiiter, was Major of his regiment, &.c. These did 

Sood service ami intl well approved, but Mr. Stougbton falling sick and 
ying In, the rest all returned (by dune. 1 646), to their wiven and 

families." The town of Lincoln had been twice taken by storm, once in 
Sept.. 1 648, and again on May C. 1644, bj the Earl of Manchester, Major- 
Geueral of tlie MgocJsted counties of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, < imliridgo 
Huntingdon, and whose lii un-n :d m';i« Oliver Cromwell. 

A leti.-r iri uu l-.in:iiinel Downing to John Win throp, Jr., dated London. 
8 M;.r li, K>1|, has the following: "Mr. Weld and 1 were agreed *»*« .soono 



i.aiiy 
M it. 

the 

s 



> " l»lnoil of Bo»ton.— All K. of Mill Creek was formerly so desifnawd.* 
Baiion- 
* Sailed In Jane, 1«3. 



Orwkfy 




tmrc 



MRU 



nww 






as Mr. Grave* ihipp should be gone hence to cleare the Account with 

Maicir linliriir. but I am prevent. ■! I.;, oil .M.i.re-n- <"<1 : in | ■;.. 0) | d .. IttDfl 

away with Mr. Graves. Mr. Ilourne told vs that be would be ready to goe 
with v> in Mr. Andrewes shipp, soe that I much man. baa goeitig 

with Mr. Graves, ho taring pntl in bil Mjme to be an vndertaker in Mr. 
Andrewea shipp. If there tdiall be anything spoken or nn>. "I bj him in 
the Court concerning the Account, I pray procure a stay thereof till I 
come." 

Ko^er William*, writing 22 June, 16-15, from Narraganaet to John Wav 
. dr., at l'equot, says "Major Bourne if 0OBU in'": Diobftblj, U 
' which returned about this time with a cargo of goods •from Lttldon 
and I lolland, after a somewhat dangerous voyage. 

I can only KCOOQl for I he laet of the Major* return t' . .jland 

while holding a military position, upon the supposition ilial »n< li rank had 
been in the ji:ii i : il tin- Marl of Mui> higter or aOJDO© Otlifi leader, 

and that upon the remodelling of the army in March, lf>4£, he was not 
appointed to the regular Mi\in-. 

I 'mi in- an absence of Major Edward Gibbons, he was appointed 12 Aug. 
164 '. Sergeant Major of tin Sullolk Regiment, and ou 18 Oct. following, 
the Court ordered that, in answer to the petition of Emanuel Downing, 
Nehe. Bourne, Robt. Sedgwick, Tho, Fowlo and others, the laws against 
the Anabaptists, mid the law that required special allowance for new comers 
residing in the colony, be neither altered nor explained at all. Upon the 
Major's petition, 7 Oct., 10-10, he was granted the loan of one drake from 
Dorchester, one from Roxbury, a drake and sacre from the Castle, and two 
nacres from Boston ; he to return the same in good condition and plant 
them in their places and on their carriages, by 10 June, 1047 ; and Nov. 4 
the Surveyor-geijeral of arms was ordered to see after the future safe 
return of these six great guns. According to one of the Winlhrop letter-, 
it waa reported that Major Bourne's ship would be ready by the end of 
.November, and from the Journal wo find that bo Bailed for England with 
his wife Hannah, 19 Dec. IMA 

Trace of Bourne's career is then lost for some three years, until his name 
occurs on " a list of the captains to command the Parliament's ships for 
thu next summer's service," reported 2 March, 1CJJJ, by Col. Valentine 
Walton to the House of Commons: 

BOO SMB. DwohiHoa ; A«l. Col. Robt. niakr, commanded by C»pt. fm. Wilder. 

2» " »l. Andrew; V.Ad. liubt, Moulton, " dipt. Jiiran MoiUtun. 

200 " Uiliiboir; '< r ,1. Udiott. 

230 " Great Frigate »t Woolwich; " Major Nohe. Iloorao. 

ajo " CircutiriKatcat t>cT>tfor(J{ttic Kalrflut);" dipt. Wra.i'cnn. 

Of these few names which head the list, none, save Of. were 

troly seamen, having been brought up to the profession; and the Admiral 
and Col. Lidcott, formerly in the Irish laud service, had received th.irn.ival 
appointment* within tho preceding two years. Among the mer<h:m 
employed >>n th , , thi tteTChjini. '■'-< mi'ii, n.'i- nnn:ii n. I. d 

by tho Major's brother, CapU John Bourne. Sept. 20, 1660, the ships 

' 15*4. Aug. ".— Ship Tryoll and others, allowed to lade goods as ODBtunii'd in the bills 
prearntril, in transport Uie »utue aud freely paw on their intended toysge.— Journal of H. 
of Cum mom. 




32 



Rear Admiral NelianiaA B 



[January, 



nominated for the Downes and East coast squadrou, daring the ensuing 
r, fraft ae follows: 

Spxakrr, Ni-li.-i«i lull Ilnnnm 370 mvti, , . t? pint. 

roretlgbt, .... Mmutl How<<tt ]«) •' . . 

A»tf*Uaee. .... John Duiinie, 1 160 "... M •' 

rarndux nigatt, . ThoniM Cowl« N " . . 1» " 

Grvrtiouod Henry 8oothwoo<l, » "... 18 " 

Capt. Anthony Young, of the frigate President, meeting in the Channel, 
II May, 1652, a fleet of thirty Holland merchantmen from Genoa and 
Leghorn, convoyed by three men-of-war, had, after a sharp sldnnif 
wUa four or five broadsides were exchanged, exacted that honor to die 
I i-h flag which had been claimed for centuries. Six days thereafter, 
Major Bonmey being then in command of a squadron of «i 
deapot'l^d inn Uigence to Admiral Blake in Rye bay, that Van Trunin, 
with n fleet of forty sail, was off the South -him I I load. The Admiral, 
anticipating more serious trouble respecting the flag, made all haste and 
came up with Van Tromp off Dover, on the following day, whereupon 
ensued the first regular engagement of the Dutch War, — Bourne and bis 
squadron participating therein. 

Tin' Domination of Vice and Rear Admirals for the summer's service 
in mi, l.-r consideration aome two month-, when, 1H Stay, 1652, the 
Council of Slate sent to Admiral, or (ii-neral Blake, >- lie »vas then «. ■ 
tWO blank commissions for the*e positions^ that he might fill them up him- 

■ i ' eonftflrrina upon the subject with the Lord General Cromwell 
Mr. Dennis Bond. On the following day, the very day of Blake'i en* 
oHinfrr wilh Van Timnp. Captain (Mijor) Bourne was appointed ••Rear 

Admiral of :iu Fleet of dsa Parliament "t" tlm Commonwealth of England 
junl Captain of the ship (Si. Andrew), of GO guns." a rank equivalent to 
il the Blue Flag; at tin- -aim- lime, Capt. Wm. Peon waa 
appointed Vi.-o Admiral, and it was ordered that commissions lie aeeord- 
ingly granted unto them. On reading the Admiral's report ol 
actions of Sept. 28th and 29th, we learn that the Andrew, taking jmrt 
therein, ma very much maimed in her niusU and rigging, and conaid 
lOWOe fit to continue out much longer. In January, 165f, Bourne gave 
place to Capt. John Law sou of the George, as Rear Admiral of England, 
uud the eouimiind of the Andrew a*as bestowed upon Capt Gravea, Vice 
Admiral of the White, as we have seen. Subsequently, as a Commissioner 
for the -Navy, the Major had charge of the refitting Uld victualling uf such 
▼easels as were sent into Harwich and Yarmouth from the main fleet, and 
was assigned the duty of keeping up communication between the fleet, t he 
Council of State and Board of Admiralty. We hear of him, in oomoun 
with (.'ol. Qofffl and ('apt. Hat.-i 11. visiting and Supplying the wan la of the 
Admiral, off the Texcl. 11 June, 1G53, with seven ships of war, ell 
\ ill nailers and wator-shipB. 

Although occupied with public duties, it is quite probable that Bourne 
Was at the same time engaged in his own private mercantile pursuits;' 

1 John Donrne was still hi commit ml of the Assistance, when. In the light "I'll Van 
Tromp, 18 Feb, liWj, his vessel wm fur a »hort Hma in ponKubm of the Dutch. Uv i •■m- 
tnaniJvd the Resolution f.WO men, M8 gnn»), 2 June, 1663, on board, of which wen 
Generals ot the Fleet, and ou which occasion Ocn. Deanc w «Inln Ho was one Of t lie 
rtUf*r.« of the fleet who wrote to Gen. Monk, 4 Not. 1G6B, to in-line him towards on accom- 
modation with the Army in England. 

1 The followlnic items trom the Calendar of State Papers (Colonial), met with since the 
abort «» writtcu, are, I think. Interesting in connection with the subject: 

1*43, Feb. 4. "A factor to be scut over to New England to contract for goods of all 



187S.] 



Hear Admiral NcJiemiaK Bourne. 



33 






the inventory of John Milles, 1 of Boston, N. E., a transient trudcr jiossibly, 
has demands against liim in 1061. M on Suffolk eo. Records (LL 

211), wo find the following: 

I, \ !i .ill Bourne of London Esq. have mada mv lovciug friends 
Jn°. LevLTftt of Boston in New England merchant and VV". Bartholomew 
of IjiMviuli iii New England, merchant, iny true and lawful Attorueyes. 
March 26, 1655. 

Neiie: Bouhne. 
In p'senco of 
Fra. Mosse Not. pub 1 . Hon. Mosso Not. pub 1 . 
Jere. Janeway, Peter Tillcy. 

Presented before ye County Court at Boston, July 80, '65, and by virtue 
■famtflf Ik- nOOTTO a judgment ag* Capt. Tho. SSavago to value of £298: 
16*: bd. in behalfe of Major Nuhu: Bourne. 

Edward Rawson, Reoor 4 ." 

II. Another iiiHtrnment (SufF. Rec. II. 195), is as follows: 
"I doe hereby engage to pay unto Major Nehemiah Bourne of London 
forty daies after the safe arrival of tho John frigate 1 in Loudon the some of 
tli iity three pounds one shilling and eleven peuc. which is for ballance 
of my account with Mr. William Davis, this seven and twentieth day of 
November 1655, the adventure being Major Nehemiah Bournes, as witness 
my hand. 

Jk*. Lever Err." 

Win. Niewport, the Dutch Ambassador in London, writing home. 7 Jan. 
165$, states, from information received, that Major Bourne is to be em- 
ployed as Rear Admiral of the Fleet, to be ready in about a momli nods 
Gen. Blake and Vice Ad. Lawson. One error nt least appears to be 
involved in this statement, for Lawson had fallen into disgrace during the 
Bummer of 1 656,' and given place to Rear Admiral Badlley ; we read in 
Whitelock that "Vice Admiral Badiley dyed, Aug. 11, 1657," whereupon. 
it is said, that position was given to Capt. Sir Richard Stayner, r. •<•• 
( 1 1 June) knighted for services by the Protector. 

Dec S, 1653, the Generals appointed for tho Fleet were Col. Robert 
Blake, Col. George. Monk, Major Gen. John Disbrow and Vice Ail. Wm. 
Penn ; at the same time, Rear Ad. John Lawson was made Vice Admiral, 
vice Penn, ami Capt. Richard Bodih y, BflV Admiral vice Lawson. But 
Monk and Disbrow bad no talent for naval affairs; Penn, on his return in 
October, 1055, from the unsuccessful West Indian expedition, had yielded 
up his commission, and Lawson had been disposed of as above -, therefore, 

port* belonging to shipping. Thoce most vendible in New England, to the value of 
6,0001., to be provider! by Mr. Hopkins and Nehemiah Bourne, Commissioner* for the 
Nary, fur Inlying Tnr." 
lip to April, 1668, we find Major Bourne consulted by llie variuna committees on 

miMim - sppenintni la N<nr->Bngfaad, 

IBM (Juno 22d ?). Minor Nehemiah Bourne presented a petition to tin I.<n.i Pttta tor, 
for tho payment of a bill of exchange for M>01 on the Treasurer of the Navy, drawn In 
his favor by Capt. John Lever- .r of the fort* in Arcadia, for provisions tup- 

plied nt Newfoundland for the service of the State Minute, "Order alreadr Dttdo," 

1 Will B Oct., proved 3 Dec, 1651. leaves bulk of property to Aieuda In the Canaries. 

» Bgi 

* Lawson was appointed by Parliament, 2fi May, 1669, Commander of the ablpa in the 
Narrow Stat, and rclnaintcd in his rank as Vice Admiral. 



34 



Rear Admiral Nehaniah fount. 



[Jmammj, 



at the beginning of tho year 1 657, Rink.*, whose experience, though short, 
had been a glorious one, wu the only • r at **•* capable ti 

taking the lead. Associated m ■ ■: wa* a 

firvoritc of Cromwell. Col. Edward Mi -<• further 

of Bourne's mi i time Uie ap|ioiutmeat of Hear 

of England than that above n 

Jnly ."'.. L659, " Nehenuah Bourne E -nd one of the 

Commissioners for tho Militia in the county of Kent, and his military title 
may hare been dropped from the fact th*t in the preceding month ft had 
been voted that commissions to ail officer* of the army and nary should ha 
signed by the Speaker of the House of Commons.* 

With the Restoration, Bourne fled to the continent and remained in vol* 
notary exile lor some yean.* A letter to Col. Gone, the regicide, from his 
wife, written about Jan., 1C7|, states that " through Blood it was reported 
that Dcaborough, Uaggarbcyrn, and Lowson of Yarmouth ii come out of 
>:ind and Kelsi, and have their pardon from the King, and liberty to 
live quietly, no oath being imposed on them." Although tho spelling is a 
obscure, there can be no doubt but that Major Bourne is the prrsoa 
alluded to above ; of the others, Major General Desboro' \ -ay, 

Imt with Major Goose, Sir Robert Ileywood, Jr., Capt Nichols, dtc^ 
li already been ordered to return to and surrender themselves, 

v, 1666, under penalty of being declared traitor*. In the life 
Of Col. Thomas Blood (London, lGHo"), occurs tho following paragraph: 
"Tins is evident that soon after (his pardon by the King), I thorough, 
Kelsey and others appeared publicly about the Town, cm ing over from 
Holland and surrendering themselves to his Majesty. Which by whom 
ever procured, might be thought a good piece of service at that time, when 
the two Nations of England and Holland being embroyled in open Ware, 
the ronduct and advice of such persona might have been of no small preju- 
dice to us, and advantage to the enemy. However it was publicly taken 
notice of that Mr. Blood was daily with the said Person* at the same, at 
Mr. White's Coffee-house behind the Royal Exchange, where they met in 
a room by themselves. So well and smoothly did Mr. Blood both thou mad 
since behave himself among those, that are called the Dissenting Party." 

Win. Peake, a name which occurs in the London Directory of Merchants, 
1677, writing to Mr. John Hull, of Boston, N. }■'.., 7 March, 107 J, says, 
"I have had much contest with Major Bourne, but have now ended iu" 

In 1 083. one of those concerned in tho Rye House Plot was Zachary 
Bounu-. ■ brewer, residing with his wife, between (Queen's street and 
I':irker lane, Loudon, at the house of his hither. >■ \'< "uurson. Uie 

arch conspirator, staid at his house for some weeks, and Zachary was 

1 Afterwards Karl of Sandwich. 

* Tnonia* Bourn?, appointed l>y tho Commlwloncrs of the London Militia, 23 Jnly, 
1650, Captain In the Yellow ) Col. John Owen : approved by the House, I 



Since writing- tbl* article, I hire met with tlw following Ram 

ulier nen 
1660, August .' Petition of Jiiiih- Finally and Tho*. Oiwi." Fur warrant to tho VI 



Bourne and lii« 



ng tbl* 
t bmtli 



i . miaii 
T John, mul annihrr p>'r*>>n of llu- name, prulxiMr a t 



Admiral ton- i -■ .»«-.-! ■ ol Lbe nitward hound vetecl of Caps. Iloiirne, an . 

of the Ian- King, w be li . u.l.iirorinn to export tn-anure. 

Mar. rims for Nebemlah Boarne, merchant, to transport himself and family into 
any of the planuuions. 
i | 8, y irch -'i. p. 'ml ft' 'i ben Bouna, oi St. Botorpl ■ pai di, vi I i mate, and i*.i 

a (*X)l. for Ids good behaviour. With note of hi* taking the Onil. 
* Order of 21 An. lCdC, for Col. Dcsbotoagh's return l>cforo 11 July ftillurrlng. 






1873.] 



Rear Admiral Nckmiah Bourne. 



S5 



admitted into the plot on the express condition that he would not inform his 
wife nor his father. The latter being described as "an obstinate Indepen- 
dent," would seem to indicate the Major, though there were others of iho 
name who ha<l nelly oonoersed to the late (XtB War. 

On the south side of the Bunhil) (Uonhill) Fields Imriul ground, is tho 
following insenptioil : ' "Here resteth in Hope, the Body of Hanna, V ii'u 
of Nehcuiinh I><mru, sometime Commander at Sea and Commissioner fur 
the Navy; by whom he had four Sons and one Daughter, who, after sho 
had lived with him as a most affectionate Wife 52 years; during which tinm 
she was a most suitable Companion to him in various and extraordinary 
Paths of Divine Providence by Sea and Land, at home, and in Ketnoto 
Parts ; and an eminent Example and Pattern to all that knew her, us well 
in the several Excellencies of a Natural Temper, as those of the spiritual 
and divine Life, bring ripened for a better. She deported this World at 
i in (Epsom) in Surrey, upon the 18th of June ; ami from thence she 
was brought to this place, and buried the 21st in the Year of our Lard 
1684, andaf her Age iw." 

This burial ground contains a great number of gravestones and mon- 
uments with vaults underneath, and is situated near Upper Moorticlds 
(north of London Wall). It was enclosed and eonsemm d in the year of 
the plague, 1 665, but not being used was afterwards leased to Mr. TindolL, 
for the use of r tan from the ( lniivli of England. 

Of tho children referred to in the inscription, two are cuterod on the 
Boston records as born in that town, viz.: Neheininh, evidently not the first 
child, 1>. I" June, 16-10; and Hannah, b. II Nov.. It'.ll, \vli<t afterwards 
married Mr. John Berry, whoso name occurs in the London Directory of 
Merchants, 1677. 

Alter a long and chequered life the old admiral, nl the ripe ago of about 
eighty, was laid at rest by the side of bis loved wife, in the year 1691. His 
will, dated 11 Feb., l •■'.'';, mi proved in London, i.'i May, 1691, and runs 
as follows: " I, Neheminh Bourne, Of LondoPi nif-rchnnt, heing in a good 
measure of health. &c .... And my body I desire (if God will pen 
may In: decently buryed in my Vault in Biirnhill where I laid my deare 
wife." He directs that his funeral expenses shall not be large, not exceed- 
ing £150, — desires that £100 be distributed among needy persons and 
families, especially such as fear God and are of sober conversation, 
respecting especlaU] to Shipwrights and Seamen in and about Wapping. 
To his daughter (-in-law?) Mrs. Anna Bourne. ££$, to buy a jewel or a 
piece of plate, as she chooses. To his son-in-law Mr. John Betfrj, to 
grandsons (by marriage?) Mr. Arnold Browne and Mr. Benjatti; 
each £10 to imv then enamelled rings with a diamond spark in each, as a 
remembrance. To Ida granddaughter Mr*. Collyer, wife of the aforesaid 
Mr, Oollyer, £"2">< >, out of which spe is to allow her eldest daughter Anna 
£50 when '1\ yearn of age or married. To her younger daughter Susan 
•r £10 tur a poeo "t plate. 3 bis fir*t great granddaughter Hannah, 
eldest child of Ini Bxtl granddaughter Hannah Bruwne, deceased. 

21 years of age or on her marriage, and to Arnold Browne, her 

hea "21. To his n.-pli.-w- Mr. Woli.-rt a ml Mr. .h-ihn Bourne' 

each £10. To his nephews Mr. I' hill and Mr. Nicholas Earning, 

each 20 nobles to buy cloth or dispose of as they please. To niece Mrs. 

1 i. Vol. II. 

8 Nome lu London Dirtctory of Mtrckanlt, 1677. 




36 Family Record of John Appleton. [January, 

Martha Hasted 40s. for an enamelled ring with a small spark of a diamond, 
as a remembrance of her dear father. To niece Martha Earning, as a 
token £10. To his good friend* Mr. Jeremiah White £5, u a token, and 
Mr. Matthew Barker and Mr. Robert Trail, 40s. each. Appoints his son 
Nehemiah Bourne executor, and makes him residuary legatee ; hia son-in- 
law Mr. John Berry, and grandsons Mr. Arnold Browne 1 and Mr. 
Benjamin Colljer, to be overseers. 



FAMILY RECORD OF JOHN APPLETON AND ELIZABETH 
(ROGERS) APPLETON, OF IPSWICH, MASS. 

WRITTEN DT VARIOUS MEMBERS, NOW IJf POSSESSION OF Wlf. B. APPLETOX. 

L In the hand of John Appleton. 

An Account of my own age wife & Children! : 
I was Born octo 1 ". y* 16, anno 1652. 
My wife Eli**\ was Born July 1*, 1663. 
We ware married Nov 1 ". 23 d , 1680. 
My Daugh 1 '. Eliz 1 *. was Born aprill 23 d , 1682. 
son John Born Nov*. 23*, 1683. 
son Will". Born oct 1 ". 15* 1686. 
son Dan". Born august IT**, 1688. 
son Will". Dyed July y* 10"", 1089. 
son Dan". Dyed October j* 7* 1689. 
2 d . son Dan". Born aug 1 . 8* 1692. 
son Natha". Born Dec', f 9* 1693. 
Daug". PrissUla Born Jan". 3 rt , 1696. 
son John Dyed Sep*. 23 rt , 1699. 
Daug". Margaret Born march 19* 1701. 

Daugh*. Eliz. was married to M r . Jal>ez Fitch July y* 26 th , 1704. 
2 d . son John Born aug". 18*. and Dyed Sept r . y« IS*, 1705. 
son Dan", was married June 8 th , 1715. 
son Nath". was married June 25 th , 1719. 
Dang". Prissilla was married to M r . Ward June 28*, 1722. 
Daug". Prissilla Dyed July 22 d , 1724. 
Dang*. Margaret was married to M r . Holyoke nov*. the 9*, 1725. 

The Age of my Grandchildren. 
Eliz. Fitch was Born aug*. 16 th , 1705. 
John Fitch was Born aug 1 . 18 th , 1709. 
James Fitch was Born Juue 19 th , 1712. 
James Fitch Dyed July 26* 1714. 
Margaret Fitch was Born no 1 ". 15* 1715. 
Eliz. Appleton July y e 28*. and Dyed august 26*, 1717. 
Ann Fitch Born July 19* 1718. 
Eliz. Appleton Born Sep', and Dyed oc^, 1718. 

1 A Mr. Bourne was merchant in Boston, N. E., 1099-1700. Mr. John Bourne was oat 
of the twenty-four directors elected in 1732 for the Royal Exchange Assurance Office, ft* 
assurance of ships, goods and merchandizes at sea. ^ 



1873.] 



Family Record of JvJtn Aj'plclvn. 



37 






John Appleton Born December y* 9 1 *. 1719 
and Dyad Boptembis the 23 nl , 1720. 

My MB Nath 1 ". Daugh. Margaret was Born November y* 29*, 1720. 

Jamai Fitch Beta m-'". 8*. Dv.-d .January v" B 4 , 1721. 

noii Dau". Daugh". Margaret was Born Sep', y* 28 u . & Dyod oc bT . 20 01 , 
1722. 

son Nath". eon Jose was Born March the 9 ,b . 1723 & Dyed in June, 
1723. 

John Ward was Born Sep'. 24°', 1723. 

son Dan* son Dan" Born Feb" 24*. and Dyed March 13" 1 , 172 4. 

Mary Fiieh Born March 24'\ 172!. 

My son Nail/ 1 . -.,,, Nath". Born feb". 22«\ 172 I 

and Dyed December 1", 1726. 

gnn Dan". Daug". Margaret was Bom November y* 2R lh , 1725. 

Daug". Margarets Daug". was Bom leptomber y* 22°, 1726, 

My son Nath 11 . Daugh". Eliz. Born December y* 16°", 1726. 



Ymir Grandmother was iff*, years that month you' was Bora. She Dyed 
)•• 13 ,h of July 172a. mid lliwa are her Children rix. 
Eliz. Rogers Bom fcb**. 2*. 1002 who Dyed anno 1668. 
Eliz. Rogers .Tnly 1*\ 1003. 
Margaret Rogers tVl,'\ Id*, 1664. 
John Rogers Jul v 1 M , 166ft 
Dan" Rogers Born Sep" 25, 1 OCT. 
Nath 11 Rogers Born I, I, • •_»;;•'. 166ft. 
Paticnc Rogers Bom may 13'\ 1676. 

Margaret Dyed June 7 ,h , 1720. 
Dan 57 Dyed Decemb r y» 1", 1722. 
Nath" Dyed oc'" 4"\ 1726. 

II. In the hand Of Elizabeth (Rogers) Appleton. 
The ages of my grand children. 

fir&t my aauglii- i FftaB children. 

M Fitch was married u» my daughter Elizabeth Appleton July 26, 1704. 

Eliz. Fitch born august 10, 1 

•I nin Fitch born august 1*. 1709. 

James Fitch born Jan' 12, 1712 and died July 26. 1714. 

Margarett Fitch bora nov' 15, 1715. 

Ann Fitch born July 19, 17 is. 

James Fitch bora octo' 3, and died Janu' 2, 1721. 

Mary Fitch born March 24, 1724. 

John Fitch died oc"' 26, 1736. 

Margarett Gibbs died november the 7* 1742, another bitter bereaveim-nr 
of a dear pleasant desiarable grand child. I pray God that boath mercyes 
and afflictions may be sanctified unto me for spiritual and eternal good. 

My son Daniel Appleton was married in June 8)1715. 

his children ago 

Eliz Appleton bom July 28, and died august 26, 1717. 

Eliz Appleton bom Sep' 20, and died octr, 1718. 

John Appleton born Decern' 9, 1719, and died Sep 1 23, 1720. 



Vol. XXVII. 



1 Elizabeth (Appleton) Fltcu, bora 23 April, 16S2. 



38 Family Record of John Appleton. [ January, 

Margaret* Appleton born Sept 28, and died oct te 20, 1722. 

Daniel Appleton born feb. 24 and died March 13, 1724. 

Margrett Appleton born Dec br 28, 1720. 

Elizabeth Appleton born august 24, 1727. 

John Appleton born Jan' 19, and died April 23, 1731. 

Mary Appleton born March 14. 1732-3. 

his 3 d son John Appleton bom May 10, 1734. 

his second son Daniel born July 2G, 1730, died august 16, 173G. 

his third dear son John died august 28, 1740. 

My son Daniel Daughter Margrett dyed July 27 lh , 1747, after 4 or 5 
years weaknes and languishing, the latter part of her time was under great 
conviction and received joy and comfort. 

I hope is gone to rest with my other 23 grandchildren which are gone 
before me. I have good hopes to meet them all att Christa right hand 
among his sheep and lams. 

My son Nath" Appleton was married June 25, 1719. 

his childrens age. 

Margarett Appleton born nov 1 * 29, 1720. 

Jose Appleton born March 9 th , and died in June, 1723. 

Nath" Appleton born feb. 22, 1724, and died decembr 1, 1726. 

Eliz. Appleton born dec 1 " 16, 1726. 

Mehitable Appleton born dem br 6 th , 1728. 

John Appleton born March 23, 1730 and died. 

Nath" Appleton born oct br 5*, 1731. 

Mary Appleton born Jan' 1732, and died July 3 d . 1733. 

His second daughter Marcy Appleton born august 24, died Sept. 12. 
1734. 

A son still born no Tb 8, 1735. 

Hennery Appleton was born may 24, 1737. 

Second son John Appleton born March 29, 1739. friday. 

Samuel Appleton born may 6, 1740, died June 20 th , Just a year after his 
ant Holyoke 1741. 

My daughter Priscila Appleton was married June 28, 1722. 

her son John Ward was born Sept 24, 1723. She died July 22, 1724. 

M r Ward died July 19, 1732. 

his dear son John Ward died July 15, 1733. 
My Daughter Magarett Appleton was married Nov b ' 9, 1725. 

her daughter Margarett Holyoke born Sept. 22, 1726. 

Edward Holyoke born August 1, 1728. 

Mary Holyoke born April 30, 1730. 
Eliz Holyoke born April 25, 1732. 

John Holyoke born feb. 18, 1733. 

Anna Holyoke born nov. 26, 1735. 
William Holyoke born October 12, 1737. 
Priscilla Holyoke born July 29, 1739. 

William Holyoke died June 23, 1740. 

My dear dear daughter Margaret Holyoke died June 25, 1 740, of a 
quinsey, in the fortieth year of her age, has left 7 poore children, as she 
said to a good God who I trust will take pity on them. 
My dear Mary Holyoke died oc br 1, 1741. 

So it pleased God to take away one after another of my dear children I 
hope, to himself. I pray that all these great afflictions may be for my 
spiritual good, that I may (be) found ready when God shall call me. 



Ml 



FnmiUj Heeord of John AppUltnu 



39 



My tor »<n M' Pilot cfied No?* 22, I746i 

Ml daughter Ann Googin fid), hi, 17 W— 7« 

My great graiul-'iii Anthony Wibird was born feb. 12, 1 72ft— 9. 

John Wibird bora Jam 21, 1780, died. 

Second John Wibird boa ot -t'" ud died ftb L781. 

I, ill" Margreat- Gibbs died April 23 d alt her grandfather Fitch very 
sudiiigl y 17 11 

bar is nn account of all ray posterity, 6 sous end ■'■ danghtere, 20 
nn and 2n -rand •Itiughten 1 great grand torn tod ■« gi td daughter* 

68 in all. 33 are gon before me I hope I shall uiett thvu all att GhrJfVl lit 
hand among bil sheep and lambs. 

I often look over this list with sorrow but with comfortable bopM that 
they which are gone are gon to rest u 1 I derire they thai lurrive BN 
member tlieir creator in the days of tliire youth, and fear God betinMt 

III. In the hand of Elisabeth (Appleton) Fitch. 
An Account of mv own Ago and Child reus. 

Iw:h bora April 28" 1688. 

my Daughter Elia* bora August the 16* 1705. 

my miii .l.ilin liciin An . K' s 1700. 

son James bom Jen 4 1 '.'"', 1712. 

. Dyed duly 26*, 1714. 
Daughter tfageret bora n. ; " i r\ 1715. 
Danghter Am. bora duly 19*, 1718. 
Jemei Pitch born no* 8*, Dyed Janeary y* 8*, 1721. 

Mary Pitch bom DflToh MP, 1724. 

my Daughter Fli H to M' Jri" Wibird of Portsmouth y* 3' of 

January, 1727-8. 

my Grandson Anthony Wibird bom EW y* 12 th , 1728-9. 

my Grandson John Wibird born Jnne y" 21", ii- 11 . 

my Grandson Joho Wibird Died July 28*, L78L 

John Wibird bora 28* e* OW, 1781. 

li«- died tiie 7"' of fbbraary, i7.'U-2. 

M'. Wibird Died y' 16* of Kerch, 1781-2. 

my eon Joho Died y" 28* of October , I 

my Danghter Margaret Harried to M' Bean Gibbs Jennary 81, 1739. 

ln\ Iril'lMT Died S< |.|.tii1nt 11. 1739. 

my Grand dangh Mai . n (libltx born deceuiber 14, 173'.). 
my -i-t.-r llolynkc Died June 28, 1740. 

my Qrand daughter .Mai'.--. Gibbi bora Jane i '. 1741. 

my daughter Margaret Gibbs Died no 1 " 7, 17 12. 

my O 1 1 1 ■_• ! 1 1 . • j- Anne married i" M' Nathaniel GooJdn January 20, 1743. 

my grand daughter Elizabeth Gookin Ikuii 13. 1713. 

my Brand deugliUT Maigaivi GilnV died April 23. 1711. 

my liaugliter Miry Fitch Married to M' Pranoii Cehol June 20, 1716. 

my grand daughter U»y« Gookin ban Jnl] 20, 1 ■ I •• 

my grand daughter Elizabeth Gookin died no 1 " 12. 17 la, 

my grand daughter Anna Cabot born Juue 22, I 

M' Fit.-h 22, 17 jr.. 

my grand 8un Nathanacl Gookin born January 10, 1717. 

my uttUgbtei Ann Qoofcin dk-d frbruarv 11. 1747. 

my gran sun Frauces Cabot bom novo 24, 1747. 

my gran daughter Mary Cabot born March 12, 1749. 




40 Richard Cranch and hit Family. [ January. 

my gran daughter Elizalwth Cabot born Decern* 23, 1751. 

my grand sun William Cabot born April 27, 1752. 

my grand daughter Susanah Cabot born Jan* 13, 1754. 

my mother died March 13, 1754. 

my daughter Mary Cabot died June 18, 1756. 

my grand daughter Marcy Gibbs died September 11, 1756. 

my Brother Daniel Appleton died august 17, 1762. 

my granson Francis Cab bo t Dide the 'J day of December, 1763. 

IV. In another hand. 

Elizabeth Fitch died Octo b 18, 1765. 



RICHARD CRANCH AND HIS FAMILY. 

Communicated by Mr. Nathaxibl C. Peabodt, of Benton, 



Richard Cranch, the author of the following " memorandum," was the father of 
the late Hon. William Cranch, of Washington. 1 The original paper was loaned to 
me by Elizabeth Cranch Norton, of Billerica, single woman, and granddaughter of 
Richard Cranch. I have copied it, paying strict regard to spelling, punctuation 
and capital letters. In that part of it where the second parenthesis occurs, the word 
" who," thereafter, has been supplied by myself. 

My interest in the "memorandum " arises from being a descendant of Mary 
Cranch, Richard's sister. She married Joseph Palmer, whose only son, Joseph P. 
Palmer, married my grandmother. — n . c. p. 



A short Memorandum about Richard Cranch and hit family, teritten in 

the year 1805 (when he was in the sei'cnty-ninth year of his age J, 

at the request of his daughter, Elizabeth Norton, 

I Richard Cranch of Quincy in the County of Norfolk and State of 
Massachusetts, Esquire, being, as I suppose, the first Person of the Name 
of Cranch who has had a Family of Children in America, would, for the 
information of my Posterity, give the following short account of myself and 
Family. I was born at Kingsbridge, a small Sea Port Town in the County 
of Devon, between Plymouth and Dartmouth. My Ancestors were born 
in the same Town or its Neighbourhood, and were chiefly if not wholly 
concerned in the Woolen Manufacture. My grandfather Andrew Cranch 
carried on the Business of Serge-making largely in the Town of Kings- 
bridge. My Father John Cranch was his only Son by his first Wife EbolF, 
and was born in the same town of Kingsbridge. His Grandfather Richard 
Cranch (for whome I was named) I have been informed was a rigid Puritan, 
and belonged to the Church of the Rev d and venerable Mr. John Flavel of 
Dartmouth. My mother's Name was Elizabeth Pearse, eldest Daughter 
of Christopher and Thomasin Pearse who lived at a place called Which- 
comb, a little above Lee-Mill Bridge, on the Borders of the River that runs 
under that Bridge, and not far from Corn wood Church. My said Grand- 
father Christopher Pearse married into the family of the Name of Trist 

1 For farther notices of the Cranch family tee onto, vol. i. pp. 65, 77 ; iz. 372. — [Editob.] 



1873.] 



nrd Crunch and his Family. 



II 



in that Neighbourhood, lie had three Sons and two Daughter*. Hi* 
• Mi -.r Bon John was the Father of John IV a !•-,._> of I etOn-< taoo in the 
Parish of Ugborough, near Ivy Bridge! QentnauUL. who In 
sdtasoed age in the year 1804. His -<-o>ti<l Son *rw William PearsO, whose 
Daughter Mary Mead, now or lately living at Plymouth, wta tin.- mother 
of William Peanie Mead (who came from England when he was a little 
Boy), and who now lives at Germantown in (he Town "1 Qoinoy, His 
■ third Son JoBeph died young and unmarried. His eldest Daughter Eliza- 
beth was my Mother, as mfffltfoiwd above. His youngest Daughter Joan 
married Mr. John Palmer of the Parish of Shaugh in the County of 1 I 
She was the mother of the late Gen' Joseph Palmer, of Qennantown, in 
Quiucy aforesaid, who married my only Sister Mary Crauch and ran 
ttom England with her in the year one iDOUNsd WTOO hundred ai.-l 
six. with whome I also then came from England in a large Bbtp railed iho 
Wilmington commanded by Capt. Adams, and landed at Boston 
second Day of November old stile the same year 17 4 fJ. I was then just 
> •mi rod on my twenty-first year, having coinplcatcd ray twenties 
the 2 • ■ t h Day of October then hut ; 

I was tin* youngest of seven Children who all lived to now ro and to 

married. Their Name? were John, Andrew. Joseph, Nathaniel, Mary. 

William and Kieliard. John the eldest Ban mi Educated end) r aim Ben ' 

Messrs. Henry drove and Dr. 'I"li< ■--. Aniory WAD k<-|»l an Acadl -my al Taun- 

ton in the Comity ofSomenetti br the Edncaflon of young Oentlemen in- 
tended for the ministry among the ordained a ml 

ban congregation al Ifodnory in the County of Devon, and 

afterward? removed lo llminst«-r in tin' County of Son;. are he was 

ion i'i a i i. n Sick, end dmd there In the yew 1746. He was the I 
of BEr. Joseph Crancfa who now lives at Milton in this nebdiboorhooi 

married Eluahelh Palmer tin- youngest daughter of thi la(e QesP J 
Palmer and Mary his Wife. Tiny h;iv-' 00 children. Andrew, Joseph, 

Nathaniel, William and Biehaid were bronght no to trad ■ Jo apfa mi 

the faiher of Mrs. Hannah Pond, wife of Mr. W" Bond, ■ atehmaker. now 
living in BofltOO — and also the Father of Mr. John ( 0000 Of Lot (OB, 
single (Jeiilleinun, of an uncommon 1 lenJOUfl in thl line Arts. 

As tO my Lift both Puhliek and Private, it has DOSD known t.. thl 
tnunilv in which 1 have lived for near sixty yi ar- past, daring whll I) 1 
led al or near Hoston in Nrw-Kngland. I was formerly h - 
with a Seal in the < iencral Courl for a number of years as a Ucprcscntalivo 
far the oM I OWn of Bruin tree which then rimtaiiicd what is now derided 
into the three Towns of Brnintroc, Quiney and Randolph. I was aftcr- 
■ id iiio.ni .in is a Senator of toe Commonwealth uf Ma- ichu- 

settfl, and also for a number of years one of the Judges of the Court of 

Common Pleas. I unt now in the seventy-ninth •, ■ My 

marriage-connexion- and Children, and their oonnezioni are all known 

■nd will, as I hope, add the Lustre of' Piety and Virtue 10 the 

ompUahmenti of a good end aaefbll Education. What lafntnre 

iahnown only to God, towlmn m-nd myself and eorwieifona throogh 

Jesus Christ my Lord and liedeeman 

Thi dual Draft in my own Hand Writing, and Bgned bj DM 

Bl ( v >niney. this II 1 '' Day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and Ave. 

Richard Cuwcii. 

Vol. XXVII. 4* 




42 Tkc Rev. Samwl John**, D.D. [January, 



THE KEVEREND SAMUEL JOHNSON, D.D., 
OOKB 

Communicated by ibo Iter. Groan « I). Josnmox, A..M., Sector of St. Psal's Chani, 

Newbury port. 

The subject of lldi iketen, Samuel Johnson, w-a» born in the year 
Oct. H. iu Guilford, OoOh IIU jrreat-grandkti' it, was oe»«- off the 

« .itly settler* of N> ■•• Havei b ated from Kiiigouwi-utK.n-IIuil. 

iu Yorkshire, About 16.'J7. I . seems t>i have been il 

by no j.iruf«-jini<)ii:il or «tvil 6mio*D00, till :«t the beginning of the «»i_ 
century, when, from the peculiar state of the religious w 
Johnson was forced into a position of prominence, which mude bin name 
widely known, U-th in Kngland and America. In the ccnlury and a half 
which baa elapsed since Johnsou was on the stage of the world, such 
wonderful progress has been made in every department of knowlv 
thought, that his name is now in danger of being ranked among 
"forgotten wortiiies" of New-England : but no more pure ami 
was ever lived among men, whose sole aim it was to serve G> 
good, as far as in them luy, iu their day and generation. Tin- era in 
he lived, was one on which we are beginning to look back with *oroc< 
the feelings with which we regard the age of romancv. — when tootled 
knights, by the might of a single arm, and the valor of' tl leas heart, 

overthrew host* of infidel enemies, and joined battle, with the roost serene 
confidence in their own invincible prowess, with giants and monsters whose 
very description made our childhood shiver with fright In this age, when 
faith sits bo lightly on the best of us, ami the form of religion U changed 
with so little concern and interest, I am afraid it is almost impossible to 
understand the intense earnestness of the men of a hundred years ago, — 
with whom the form of faith was as vital as the faith itsel. 
in-'uh ii.ncerued tlieii temporal, ai theii eternal salvation. vYheu J>hu>on 
was born, England was yet eugayed, as liucklu expresses it, in the last 
struggle betwecu barbarism and civilization, though "good" King William 
aud Queen Mary sat on the throne, — Spain was bouud hand and foot in 
the awful tyranny of the holy office of the inquisition, and men dan.il not 
breathe a word against its j tower. Franco was slowly awaking to something 
resembling spiritual freedom, though the expulsion of the Jesuits was only 
just thought of, and Voltaire was uot yet in king clothes. In this country, 
New-England ma illustrating the grand principle for which our renerntod 
l'uritan forefathers are popularly supposed to have left the shores of their 
mother country, — religious toleration,- by cutting off the eors of Quakers, 
and hanging witched in Salem. The name of a bishop was considered % 
synonym for tho fines of a star chamber, tin- tortures of rack and thumb* 
screw, or the names of Smithticld. The Church of Kngland wait looked 
upon by those who had come to this country, as a abode worse, if possible. 
than the scarlet-robed woman who sat on her seven hills: and the 
determination to Waist her encroachment..., and keep her prelates from thew? 
shores, waa oa fierce and unbending, as was tho resolution of the so-called 

I bit Tfthmblc pnper wm rend before the Nbw-Ekolamd Historic, OsxiAnootcjU. 
Society, Sept. -t, 18T2, nud U now printed at their rcqtiwt^EuiTOS ] 




1873.] 



Tfie Rev. Samuel Johnson, P.P. 



43 



?K>uccrs of religious liberty to abolish every form of religion but their own. 
'he | •! < i in i u> ■ n l point of interest to churchmen, in Dr. .lohm-nnV long and 
varied career, w the mental coniliet through which be oama «>ut of 
Congregationalism into the Chnmfa of Ku»lnnd, — and the untiring zeal with 
which be labored to promote her iatprtl in thlfl country : but In: was a 
man of so large an uudcr«tandiug, so rfftwnfaMHItfJ connected with the 
progress of education ami knowledge genemlly. during Ufl life, that i i 
those who have no sy in | uii \ with UB in hi- riem Of chureh ;•• 
lii- life cannot but be interesting. The ijuiet beauty of htB autobiography 
and diary, — tbe inimitaUe <|iiaintnes8 and modesty of his own account of 

the great event*, suorim napu pars j'uit, — make it a str I mptatfon 

to the writer of this article to let him speak entirely for himself : but the 
propriety of condensing for such a sketch as this, entails the necci- i 
diluting witli comment wbat wuuld be infinitely stronger in its unadorned 
.simplicity. 

His education must have begun at an exceedingly tender age, as we find 
liiin. before he had arrived ut the mature period of Bix years, suddenly and 
overwhelmingly impressed with the necessity of acquiring the Hal 
language, from the fact of his coming upon certain words in that tongue, in 
one of his grandfather's books, and learning that the Krlptarai were 
■ rit ten originally in Hebrew and not in English. After a fruitless effort to 
embark him in a business life, his father gave him the opportunity t-i "bo 
bred to learning in that college [Yah] which was abort Chat time founding." 
At tbe age of ten, wo find him complaining that his tutor, whose name 
is not mentioned, was "such a wretched poor scholar, though a mini 
that he could teai li him little or nothing, so that he in a manner lost half a 

At fourt>.ii in i nt' T( tj tth ( ullage, than at Bajtvook, graduating 
in 1714. with hardly as much progress as boys are now required to have 
made for entrance into college. In his own words: " But this lad considered 
these as only the beginning of things on which he was to go on and make a 
iniieh greater proficiency m the course of his studies, — and for the rest of 
his time lie was under the tuition of one Mr. I'i-Im . for Logic, Physics, 
• and Klines. — for MathcmatiCB, further than the golden rule in 
Arithmetic, or a little surveying, was not Vet tho't of." They beard, indeed, 
in 1711. when he took his bachelor's degree, of a new philosophy, that of 
late was nil in vogue, — and of such names as DcsCartes, Boyle, Locke and 
Newton: but they were cautioned against thinking adjuring of 
because the now philo-nphy. it was said, srouM kkm bring iii ■ dsbj divinity 
and corrupt the pure religion of the country i and they irew not allowed to 
vary an ace in their thoughts from Dr. Ames's MbduBa and Cattt 

of Conscience, and Wollebius, which were the only systems of divinit 
were thumbed in those days, and considered with equal, if not greater, 
veneration than the bible itself : for the contrivance of those and the like 
srhola-tieal authors was to make curious systems in a scientific way out of 
their own beads, ami under each head to pick Up a few texts of scripture, 
which seemed to sound favorably, and accommodate them to 

pri-eoneeivril -iln [1168, 

It was a work of no great dillieulty for a young man of this period, to 
n.ipiire all the learning then within reach in this country, and Johuson 
having become master of all that was ordinarily accessible, was regarded 
as an adept, an opinion in which he confesses to have himself shared : but 
the accidental discovery of Bacon's Inttauratio Magna, and a most thorough 
and repeated study of it, as he says, "soon brought down bis towering 




44 



The Rfc. Samuel Jofmxm, IKD. 



[Janaarr, 



imaginations. He toon mw IiU own littleness in comparison with Lord 

•n's greatness, whom be considered oror and over again, ao that ba 

found himself like on« at once emerging oat of the glimmer of twilight tau 

the full sunshine of open day." 

H Bight l>e described, at this time, m in a state of whhm 
Complaints of the inemeiern > of the instructors at Saybrook were m 
frequent, that some of the student* hail withdrawn to Hartford, to ponoe 
their studies under the direction of the ministers settled there; while ruber* 
came to Guilford, to study with Mr. Johnson. There was a strong m 
ment to change, the place of the -"liege from Saybrook to Weiberc&eJd, 
near Hartford; and the matter assumed stich importance that it 
before the general court, whi 1 uri.-uiimouily tliat the 

be remove! U) X-w-Havpn. This, of course, failed to gi\ 
the Wethersfield faction, and for some time longer the feud waa kept up, 
till by a peremptory act of the government, all the scholars "were ordered 
to repair to the established college." Dr. Johnson's own account of the 
Obedience rendered to this order, written Italf a century after, showa that time 
had not much softened his wrath at these otwitinate collegiate schismatic*, 
"They made," be says, M an appearance of submission, and came all at 
in a caravan : lint it soon appeared, they had no good int.nr 
found fault with everything, and made all the miachn I Id. 

were doubtless bkM do: and after six weeks, went all «>iF, two 

two at 09 hi their former faction till the MJd 

assembly, when the difference was compromised I j this agi 
tin y xlmwlil return to their duty, and abide; and that in casi 

had been given them, should be allowed good, and si 
hou-' be belli U 3d public expense at Hartford. In •oce 

.if ihi, the] pal IB end to the faction, and the scholars came an •• at 

New-Haven, bet proved a very vicious and turbulent sett of t Aa 

yet the college had had no pri lidenl ; and About this time, Mr. Timothy 
Cutler, Who graduated el Harvard in 1 7* ' 1 - was chosen to the office, 
a year, Johnson miitinn under him as a tutor, when bo 

the position Of tuini-l' r in Wl ll I Ian :i. in IT - .'", at the air 
i listing which shows that he already ent.r 

if presbyterian orders; ami 1 i oxt 

from this, at showing bjfl deep conscientiousness, as well as bis remarkubli 
lefty, The. title i«: "My preaeot thoughts of Kpiacopacy. with what 1 
conceive may jnstifie tue in accepting Fresl>_\ terian i n. W i itten 

at We«l Hi ven, Dec. 20, An. Dom. 1719." The argument it lengthy, 
showing that he believes Kpiscopacy to bo of divine right, but of ■ 
"positin •." not a "moral" nature. Therefore, as Providence bad placed 
him I ro u instances in which he stood, the obligation <>u him was 

"dissolved" for the "observance of this institution:" ami then, in his 
words: "Having thus stated the case, 1 leave it 10 impartial advice wlu 
this be good divinity or not, that any circumstances will iu in 

I propose to do: and if so, 1 submit it also to bo considered whether 
circumstances are such, which are these. 

1. The passionate intreaties of a tender mother. 

2. That my breaking forth upon an attempt of that nature, would be 
vastly more disservice to the best interest of the Church itself, than my 
going over to it could be of service to it. 

3. That it can't be without most fatal jealousies to this Colledg, and the 
effects of it must be mischievous. 



1873.] 



The Rtv. Samuel Johnson, D.J). 



45 



4. That I rouse thereby bo exposed to great dangers and difficulties, to 
which I am a great stranger. 

'). My want of that politeness nnd those qualifications which would be 
n -i 1 1 1 i -it ■■ in making Mich an appearance. 

G. That in order to taking Epl .copal orders, there are many things to 
be complied with, which I do not sufficiently understand. 

7. That the tiroes, 'tis to be feared, are very difficult at home, and it's 
likely not so good encouragement to such designs as might be wished for. 

ft. That although I seem tolerably well satisfied in these my thought! of 
tlm right of Episcopacy, yet considering the meanness of my advantages, 
and the scantiness of my time hitherto, T have reason to be very jealous 
whether I have not too much precipitated into these opinions. 

And then, finally, perhaps I may in the meantime be doing some service 
in promote the main interest of religion, tho* it be not in a method so 
desirable." 

A note, added two years afterwards, gives the result : " V.\vm these 
principles I continued easy about two years, and then npon a more careful 
examination of the matter, I (band not. with a good conscience, 

continue to administer in the name of Christ, when I was under persuasion 

I had never had a regular commission too him. And therefore, ! thought 
boffltdtn "luiy to oodm nvi_T to tiic B ide, that I night fire 

and "lie in tlm unity of the Church. Accordingly I. with Dr. Cutler, Mr. 
Il:u-t, Mr, Whittlesey, Mr. Elliott, Mr. VYefmore, and M .made 

our public u for tho Church, Sept- 18, 178^ at Vale College, New 

Haven." 

Tin *o facto are so well known iu Connecticut ecclesiastical history, and 
so well described bj Dr. noerdisViO in his most excellent work on that 

sul.ji ■■■!. ili.-ii no ipowflQ b iK'<-»-:iry for omit I iii'_' the vaflOM step- l'.v v.liich 

these gentlemen were brought to this conclusion, lint, there is something 

rfully striking iu the picturu suggested by the thought of these men 
Standing calmly before the assembled diguitaries of the college, as champions 
of an ecclesiastical body whose name was as hateful to our worthy New- 
England fathers, as ever it wus to the most bitter Scotch eownauter. An 
argument followed, of course, before Gov. Saltonstall, iu which a vigorous 
'tin I was made to *• reclame" these erring brethren. The discussion was 
"with calmness and decency," but the »teadiiiess of the men who 
deeliMd to be reclaimed, and the unpleasuut strength of their position, 
based M it was entirely "ii the words of scripture, and BBfljoi story, 

seem to have had anything but a soothing eflcct on the minds of the 
theological champions, whose aim was always to be Jirtl pure, then 
gentle. Dr. Join on dewrlbei (he resnlt, — U A harangue against them by 
an old minister iu a declamatory way" was delivered with an timount of 
energy and directness that convinced the governor of the uselessuess of the 

debate, so that, hfi "genteeDy'' put n end to the conference, ft n 

impoHsilili:, at this day, to imagine this horror and dismay which spread over 
the land at this awful defection OQ the part of men of such prominence 08 

thi president and professor* of Yale College. Jt was too much to believe 

thai men could deliberately come out of the glorious sunlight of congrega- 
tional freedom, into the dismal twilight, if not the infernal gloom, of 
prohitic superstition. President Woolscy, as Dr. Heard aking 

of the event, says: "that greater alarm would scarcely be awakened now, 
if the ihixdogicul faculty of the Coll •: to declare for the C hutoh of 

Rome, avow their belief in transuhstantiatiou, and pray to die Virgin Mary." 




M 



The '' KtJith***, P.IK 



[January, 



The year following ^nd Browne aai!r>l for Knglaad. 

followed by Wctmorr. 

Church, and, with I r&ed 

the following year. 17*23, to enter on i inn rnbuioQariea under the 

venerable society for the propa^ be gospel in foreign part*. Dr. 

Catler wan chosen rector of i larch, Boston, which waa erected that 

year. Johnson was appointed missionary iu Stratford, Conn., where the 
church had heen established for some years, bat was struggling against 
many and painful difficulties. 

The diary ut I Jr. Johnson, during his year's slay in I i I in itself, 

a most dftltehtflil piece of reading, but iu spirit can hardly \xt ahowi. 
extracts. The fen I and earnest devotion of these pilgrims firms 

the new to the old world, — their unfeigned awe and v. »* they 

came in contact with the grand old monument* of England"! [tost and 
present glory, — the glimpses of social life, whose vhet 

startling to our more rigid modern ideas. — all make the temptation 
quote almost too strong for the duty suggested hy a sense of propriety, in 
abbreviating as much as possible, in a sketch t»f this kind 

Thirty years were S|«eut by Dr. Johnson in the WOfk of lb* ministry, his 
u a large part of die colony of Connecticut, west of Use i 
During thin peril*!, Binhop Berkeley risited America; and f«»r two years 
there was a most oommnsioo between the two. on which, n 

•Otobtographj, Dr. Johnson dwells with extraordinary pie 
he was chosen president of Kino"* College, New- York, which was rout 
at this time. In tin's capacity he served for nine years, resigning the of 
at last, in terror of the ■MDfOX. Tttfl leOOTfC had been [■ 
fatal to him, iu his family and friend 
eldest son, and hi* friend the Rev. Mr. Browne, — and his fear of the 
disease seemed to amount to an absolute horror. His resignation of the 
presidency was in 1768; and Mr. Mylea Cooper snoceedi d him in the- of 
The church m Stratford received him again as rector, and here 
remainder of his days were spent, in the faithful discharge of < 
his office, in correspondence with many of the btahopt mid clergy of 
mother churoh in England, and in an active share in tin- literary 
PUS controversies of the day.' 

His son, "William Samuel Johnson, 1 LL.D., had been seut abroad to 
England, as agent for the colonies iu a law-anil w : 10 claims of 

1 Mr. Joliiwon received the degree of Master of Arts from both Oxford sail G-imt>ridaa, 
while lie was In Enslund. Hh publication* were chiefly conlroveraisi. In 17 
a work on ethic*, entitled " A Rj *iem of Morality ; " mid hi 1742, n c 
metaphysial, and another of ethics. orlKlally prepared for thi 

were printed in Philadelphia, by Franklin, n» text liook* for u»o In the university of Pcnn- 
»ylr»nin. He wan alto t lie lather of ati EtytnJt and a EMrw Grammar, 1767 III* jf*. 
uxoir by Dr. Chandler was published In IWI ske*S Ihetianary.) — [ KuItom.I 

1 Wfllum Samuel Jnhnaou. I.L.D. (T. C. I7HS). D.C.L. (Oxon. 1766), wa« »-irn In 
Stratford, Conn., (Jet. 7. 1727. and dl.d thcro Nov. 14, IrtlU. He was (rraduiited i I 
1746. Hi' mlii-ntcd the Intellectual and moml trai' "tird t.itbcr, am!, km 

will ho seen below, left lii» murk upon the political fabric under which w« live, ij,- WlUI a 
deleiBifc to the Coui:iv«- in New-York. In I'oJ; awahsr of tin? council (Colonini); ft 
October, 17W, to 1771, agent of Connecticut In Rngland; from 1 77 J to 1774, | ,ho 

W ip wi u f ooqrtof Ooninsctlcot; a oommiaatoncr for adjurtinx the bomidni 
proprietor* of the Philadelphia and Susquehanna Co.; deles id lotheCongrc-*» 
of the fiauienof tb II dotal coastitotlon, and his great Innnenee there i- ev . i ,|, e 

published sad onpahllshed debates of Hut momornblo convention, lie Bret |ii<ipu*e«| 
1 1., Senate as a branch of the legislative department. He vra* Untied States wnat. . 
17hV-yi, and aided in drawing up the federal judiciary act. He >r. atylaa 

Cooper in the urc»idoney of Coluiu'ila Collcae, and held the ofllec from 1787 to l&JO. ( 
sketch of bis life by John T. Irving, 1830 ; Drake's Dictionary.)— [Kuiron-J 




1878.] 



The. Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D. 



•n 



the eastern tfatAI on the newly settled land* at the west. In d I 
1771, the WU following the Boston Mas I .tni'ii-d, in tii. 

tin- eVP* Of hifl Veurl.il.lr tiltluT, who 1 1 ii •« i .ill 1 ll>- le-.ti'.';d .it' rile Kpipll.HIV. 

Jan. ('., 177"_'. His remain:- He in iha church-yard in Str.ii!'. »r.l ; bat the 
frosts of a hundn ■ have shivered the marble OB which was inserilH-d 

tin- epitaph written hv his derated Mend, j\I vie* Cooper. As ■ worthy 
tribute to a noble life, I give it here, though it would seem as if ho hOBOnd 
a tomb should not have been Buffo n ■■! CO bave bsea left without nanio or 
inscription, to mark the »j»ot where Dr. Johnson lies: — 

" If ili-crat dignity and modest DD 
The cliPfrfuriicart and cnunieuaiiw serene ; 

LW religion and unsullir-d truth, 
His nge'w solace, ami I in youth ; 

If piety, in all the paths be trod, 
Snil rising rig roaa BO the Lord his God; 
n i ii.iuiy, through all the race he ran. 
Still wishing well, tad doing good toman; 
If lenrniug, free from pedantry and pride ; 
If faith and virtue walking BUS by Hide ; 
If well to mark his b I and end, 

bins thro' life, u hushaiid, father, friend ; 
If (ASM ambition in rhy 
Excite, thy caroreDoe, or demand thy iimise. 
Header — ere yet tblKl qoil :l| i- a tlilv scene 
Ret ere his name, and be wluit he BBS becu." 

In luftfon, It may be mentioned that lii* son. Dr. Johnson the second, 

served after the revolution M president of Kind's OoUtgO, When the name 
was changed to the more patriotic title which it DOW bears, Columbia. By 
(in. 1 nf ib' ■■ iugulai "revenges oi thse*" tin ion of Wilfiani Samuel^ and 

giaadaon of the father of Episcopacy in QonnacticBt, married the grand- 

iur of Jonathan fidwards, Ida great New - England aposue of 

( iall iiii-ni, — and thus the blood of the tWO grand, opposing pint 

New-England tbeologyj Bowad on iii one stream, In the veins of their 

descendants. Calvinism and Aruiiuiiiuisiii, Prelacy and Congregationalism, 

— Cavalier and Bonndhead, — were blended In the bewildering mixtors; 
mid as the swords of PrascoU and LEnxee frill bang peacefully, side bj 

as long as this cuuutry lasts, in the rity lor whosu po.-M- ivu 1 1 1 . • y weic 
brandohed bi hostile bands, — bo let discord cud between die two 
theologies. Bay they go on, working their own work, in their own way. 
under the same Almighty Golds, — respecting each other's Backs, 
forgetting each other's faults, till the great day comes, which shall decide 
the Taxed questions between thetn, forever, wheu we render our liual 
account to our Maker. 



Tot B a Ua ARcn.ror.ooiru. AJ80 nainv or Ireland. — This as- 

sociation >v;i- toruied in 1849, under the inline «.t •' flic Kilkenny Archaeological 
Society." Its object is to preserve, examine and illustrate all ancient mom 
of the history, uinguiure, arte, manners and customs of the past connected with 
Ireland. A "• Journal, ' in imperial Hvo. has been published annually from 1849 to 
the prt'si-ut lime. The first toluuie i* out of print, hut will pmlialijv l>e rrjirinted. 
Th'- othan can be obtained by addreN>ing the Bar. JaBMi Graves, Treasurer. 
;, Stoncyfurd, Ireland. The price to members is 10 shillings for each annual 
part. 



48 Freeholders of Rowley, 1677. [Jannai 



FREEHOLDERS OF ROWLEY, 1677. 

Copied from the Poaaeaaion Booka, and communicated by Matthew A.. Sncinr, Bi 

of S«lem, Maaa. 

j At a Legall Towne Meetings the 22 of January 1 677, It waa agre 

•• that the Select-men of the last year William Tenny, John Pickard Rk 

^_ Holms Dan 1 Wicom John Pearson Jr. John Baley and the lot layers 

| both ends of the town, Tho. Lambert Rich* Swan John Pickard 

Northend Capt. Johnson John Stickney E. Mighell & Phillip Nelson i 

-, apointed to consider tender cases & state the free holds belonging to eve 

j person in the town & to see the same recorded — 

* The free holds are entered to every one that appeared to have right 
[? the same the 28 Jany 1677 — 

* To Jonathan Hopkinson free hold 
y To John Clarke free holds 
f To Joseph Chaplin free hold 
' To Nicholas Jackson free hold 

i To Widow Cooper Honse & Gates free holds 

f To John Bnrbank senior & son Caleb free holds 

To Sam 1 Pallmor to 1 house he dothe live in etc 5 gates free holds 
To William Jackson & to Johns house free holds 

To Sam 1 Smith & Edward Smith house free hold 

To John Hopkinson one free hold 

To John Bointon one free hold 

' To Caleb Bointon one free hold as long as he is servesable to the 

J. town in the trade of a Smith & to his children if servesable to the 

< town iu the same trade. 

\ To James Dickinson houses & gates free holds 

f To Deacon Jewett free holds 

r. To Leno 4 llerriman free holds 

■ To George Kilborn free holds 

J To John Wicom free hold 

i. To Constance Crosbey house & free hold 

F To John Pickard house by John Wicom & 6 gates free holds 

I To Sam 1 Dresser one house & that his mother lives in free holds 

* To W m Bointon free hold 
To Daniel Wicom house that was Jo* Trumbles and his own house 

6c gates free holds 

To Ezekiell Jewet free holds 

To John Dresser free hold 

To John T rumble free hold 

To John Pickard house at Newbury field free holds 

To Jonathan Plats free hold 

To Tho. Lambert free holds 
To Tho. Nellson if he doth make it apear that he hath 5 or 6 gates 

two free holds (now made out) 

To Philip Nellson free holds 

To Ezekiell Northen free holds 

To Tho: Wood free holds 



1 873.] Freeholder* of Roiple\j, 1 GT7. 


49 


To Samuel PlaU senor to his bouse & gates 


2 free holds and one to 




Sun 1 Plates Jr. new bouse 




8 


To John Grant 


one free hold 


1 


To Richard Holm* 


three free holds 


3 


To Sam' Mi- In 11 


one free hold 


1 


To Nath 1 Harris 


one free hold 


1 


To John Harris senior 


two free holds 


2 


To John Palmer 


three free holds 


3 


To John Tod 


three free holds 


8 


To Jos. Jewett 


one free hold 


1 


To Andrew Hidden 


one free hold 


1 


To Henry Riley 

To Abel Plate house that he dwelt in 


two free holds 


2 


free hold 


1 


To Dorithy Chapman 


one free hold 


1 


To John Sawyer to bis father & his own 


free holds 


2 


To William Lion 


one free hold 


1 


To William Tenny 


two free holds 


2 


To Ja' r.ilcy Jr. as to his fathers right of house free holds 


2 


To Abel Longley 


two free holds 


2 


To Cha* Browne 2 free holds on acct. that there were two families 




in the house when the grant was made 




2 


To John Lambert for houso 


three free holds 


8 


To Widow Law 


two free holds 


2 


To Capu Johnson for his own house & the 


rights of Tho. Remington 
free holds 
two free holds 


a 

2 


To Francis Parrot 


To Mr. Crosbv 

To Sam} Bmrkclbank 
To David Bennct 
To Jo" Bointon 


one free hold 


1 


free hold 


1 


two free holds 


2 


one free hold 


1 


To Tho. Burkbey 


one free hold 


1 


To Rich. 1 Swan 


two free holds 


2 


To Tho. Leaver senior 


one freo hold 


1 


To Tho. Leaver Jr. 


one free hold 


1 


To John Scales his house & gates 


two fres holds 


3 


To I Ami 


three free holds 


S 


To Mr. Sam 1 Philips 


three free holds 


8 


To Jo' Horsley 


one free hold 


I 


To Rirh d Lighton 


one free hold 


1 


To Edward Hasen 


two free holds 


2 


To Mr. Sam 1 Shephards house 


two free holds 


2 


To Mr. lingers his house 


four free holds 


4 


To Tow nes land hot of Mr. E. Rogers 


tun In.- holds 


2 


To Widow Hobson 


six free hi 


6 


To Widow MighiU 


three free holds 


8 


To Widow Brockelbank 


three free holds 


8 


To William Scales 


one free hold 


1 


Te John Sii'-kney 


three free hoM< 


8 


To Jftme.M Barker senior 


oDe free hold 


1 


To Nath 1 Barker 


one free hold 


1 


To Brasilia Barker 


one free hold 


1 


To Jarhin Raynor 


two free 1> 


2 


To Jer* Elsworth 


two free hoi' Is 


2 


Vol. XXVII. 5 







50 Marriages of Middlebury College Graduates. [January, 

To Tho* Alley and bis wife and the hears begotten of their own 

bodeys one free hold 

To John Pearson senior three free holds 

To John Pearson Jr. two free holds 

To John Baley one free hold 

To the Mill one free hold 

To Tho Palmer by his mother one free hold 

To Gershom Browne one free hold 

To David Wheeler one free hold 

To John Spofford senior one free hold 

To Abraham Jewitt one free hold 

To Tho. Tenny senior deceased free holds 

To Sam' & Mark Prime from their father & Grandfather's right 

free holds 
To James Davis free hold 

To Benjamin Skillion free hold 

To John Kimball Bot of Dan' Wicom free hold 

To Isaac Jewitt & Jo' Fisk of Ips. bot free hold 

To William Scales right July 21, 1708-9 free hold 

To Sam' Perley bot. E. Northend free hold 

John Tenny saith that 24 years ago heard his father say that he intend- 
ed his son's Thomas & James should have his 2 free holds in Rowley 
& he never heard him say otherwise. May 15, 1711. 

Note. — A few of the last names appear to have been added after 1677. — m. a. s. 



GRADUATES OF MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE WHO MARRIED 
IN MIDDLEBURY, VT. 

Commdnicated by Philip Battell, Esq., of Mlddlebury. 

The following list was obtained in connection with answering certain inquiries 
of that accomplished and minute investigator, the late Rev. Puny H. White, and 
from the character of the subject, as well as its general completeness, may be of 
sufficient interest to find a place in the Register. The romance of such a table k 
more easily eliminated than some possible errors from a record challenging some- 
times the recollections of four-score to verify it. Tho failure to report for record 
by persons other than Pastors, officiating at the ceremony, may sometimes explain 
the absence of the date. The College incorporation dates from 1800 ; classes were 
graduated, few students in all, in 1802 and 1803. 

Class of 

1804.— Milo Cooke married Harriet B. Latimer in 1808. 

1808. — Noadiah Moore m. Maria Mattocks in 1814. 

1809. — Harvey Bell m. Betsey Sargeant in 1818, and Sarah Young in 

1827 ; Jonathan D. Winchester m. Hannah Bean in 1811. 
1811. — Joel H. Linsley m. Mrs. Phebe H. Smith in 1817. 
1812 — James K. Piatt m. Eliza H. Henshaw in 1818. 
1813.— Abiel P. Mead m. Martha Davis in 1818. 
1814. — Reuel Keith m. Marietta Cleaveland in 1817 ; Calvin Foote m. 

Lucina Andrus in 1814 ; Richard Pearse m. H. Dana HMtin gl 



in 



18f4. 



1873.] Marriages <>f W«Ll}chury College Graduatm. 

]Slo.— Andrew V. T. Leavitt m. Julia Miller in 1819. 

181 C. — Ambrose L. Browu m. Mariuh 1. Hopkins in 1820. 

1818.— Marcus A. Terry m. Miss Bcardsley in 1*18. 

1819. — Betiah Green ui. Marcia Deuaing in 1821, and Doraxa Foote in 

_'G. 
1820. — Oiias Seymour m. Louisa M. Ilagar in 1827. 
1831a — Henry N. Fullertou m. Lucretia Qowday in 1825. 
188% — William Sargeani iicth lluuyh in 1831, Isaac N. Sprague 

m. Addb M. Hun in L832. 
1S23.— ; Sana Button m. Ireue Miller in 1823 ; and Sarah Miller in ; 

Lucius L. Tilden Ufa Julia Ackley in 1829. 
1824.— Alvah Sanford in. Clarissa Covill in I 
1825. — Cbaanqej W. Fitch m. Margar. t ll.aidiaw in 1832. 
182C— Philip Battel] in. Eouna II. Btymonr in 1836; Jedediah Buahnell 

m. .Mrs. Elisabeth II. That in 1844. 
1827.— Henry Smith m. Hannah Bates in 1833. 
1828.— Stephen R. Burrows m. Charlotte Storrs in 1831 : Samuel W. 

Cozzens m. Abby Bass in 1832; Nathaniel C. Clark m. Julia 

Barrows in 1832; Booddl B. Munger in. Maria Andrus in ; 

Wheelock S. Stone m. Martha Storrs in [888. 
1829.— Ed wan! I). Bute do. Lara Wainwrighi Is 1833; Truman M. 

Post m. Frances ffunihOT in is;!.*). 

1830. — John Stocker m. Elizabeth Ripley in . 

1831.— David S. Sheldon m. Mary L. Foote in 183C ; Nelson Barbour m. 

Laura Ripley in 1886. 
1832. — Jonathan lilitncbanl in. Mary A. Beat in IB8&J Il.niy B. M 

m. Harriet ILn.-diaw in L68A 
1834. — Calvin I>. Noble ni. Eineline Jew.-tt in 1886 j Lvmnn B. Peet m. 

Rel-tv.i Sherrill in 1839; William Henry Sturr in. F.li/.a A. 

Men-ill in 1867. 
1885. — Merrill Richardson m. Emily Allen in 1838. 
1836.— William S. Martin m. Laura Rosa in ; James D. Butler m. 

Anna Beta in ; Calvin Selden m. Mary Seymour in ; 

William Slade m. Nenj i Chapmen in 1840. 
1838. — Byron Suiiderbii.il in. Buutbelfa M. TomliDSon in 1843; David 

Knot in. KstdBT Lamb in ; Franklin W. Olmsted m. Mary 

McCotter in . 

1839. — David L. Hough in. Eliza Martin in ; George S. Swift m. 

I..iiiir;i May in 1K.j1. 
1840. — Julius A. Reek with in. Abby M. Wainwright in 1847; Mali lie w 

]>. (Jordon in. CbstloMC Bwifl [fl 1848. 

1S42.— Dogald si. v..iii in. 6 inbii ( . Allen in 1867. 
1848. — John W. Stewart m. Enuna Bettell in It 

1847. — Warren W. Winchester m. Catherine M. Severance in 1848 1 Yelie 
ii. 1 1. mi in. Dithii WUcoa in 1847. 

1848. — J. E ii .-> Ii mkiiii m. Mary Birge in » 

1848. — Oliver W. Winchester m. Mary A. Lantern' in . 

166& — John Howe n>. Helen Rnrlxr in : Rovid D. Rosa m. Harriet 

Eaton In 1855 i EtnftH Wainwrighl m. Sarah T. Bell In i i 

l.s.,.;._I> ;l vid (r. Hooker m. Sarah P. II am in I 

1855. — K. 0. Craves m. Mary M> , kir in . 

— Alanson S. Barton m. Mary Barrows in 1861. 




62 Sable Island. [January, 

1858. — George Fisher m. Susan G. Copelaod in 1860 ; Brainerd Kellogg 
m. Julia M. Colter in 1862. 

1859. — S. Leroy Blake m. Emma A. Severance in 1859. 

I860.— William H. Green m. Lncinda Tilden in 1861 ; John K. WOIuum 
m. Anna £. Dennison in 1867 ; Roe well Harris m. Jennie M. 
Harris in 1866 ; Herri tt B. Farr m. Jane A. Langworthy in 1861. 

1861.— William H. Button m. Emma Foote in 1865 ; George E. Plumbs 
m. Clara P. Russell in 1863 ; Ezra Warner m. Jeannie Remsen in 
1861 ; Algernon N. Goodnow m. Lucy Langworthy in 1862. 

1862. — E. Lyman Knapp m. Martha A. Severance in 1865 ; Ethan A. 
Sturdevant m. Beaumelle Rockwell in 1866. 

1864. — Ezra Brainerd m. Frances V. Rockwell in 1868 ; William C. Til- 
den m. Mary E. Linsley in 1869. 

1868.— Alfred E. Higley m. Jennie Van Vliet in 1869 ; Edwin H. Higley 
m. Jennie Turner in 1870. 



SABLE ISLAND. 

Communicated by Capt. Geo. Hbnby Pbebli, U. B. N. 

In directing our course to the northward, and previous to entering the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, we find this island standing directly in the way, aa if 
to guard the passage against friends and foes. It has gained a melancholy 
celebrity as the grave of hundreds of brave soldiers who have been cast 
upon its wild and desolate shore. The island is about thirty miles in 
length, very low, and without a tree or other object to distinguish it from 
the surrounding ocean, which it so much resembles in color under certain 
effects of light and shade, that a ship might run upon it almost before the 
seamen were aware of it. In foggy weather, so prevalent in those latitudes, 
and in dark nights, the danger is increased in tenfold degree, as independent 
of this barely visible danger, the island has on either flank an extensive shoal; 
that on the north-west end stretching out sixteen miles, and on the opposite 
extremity to twenty-eight ; forming a line of danger seventy-four miles of 
extent, standing directly in the track of ships entering the St. Lawrence. 
The whole body of the Atlantic, breaking on this long sand-bank in a 
storm, produces the most terrific effect; the island seems shaken to its 
foundation, while the extended shoals on either end are covered with 
foaming breakers. To add to the perils surrounding this dreary spot, the 
Florida Gulf Stream, on its course to the north-east, meets near this with 
the great body of water sent down by the St. Lawrence, creating snch 
variety of currents and counter-currents, that no dependence can be placed 
on the reckoning of the ship ; and these effects are of course increased 
during the prevalence of stormy weather. So disastrous have been these 
consequences, that the government of Nova Scotia founded there an 
establishment for the supply of shipwrecked seamen, under charge of a 
superintendent, who had [in 1 843] resided with his family on this desolate 
spot forty years, in what may be called a cottage residence, being of one 
story only in height, and having joined to it a building containing the stores, 
and a large barn. Narrow as the island is, it contains a salt water lake 



1873.] 



Sable Island. 



63 



tlgfrtm -"ilea in length and nearly one in tomtit h. Al each and >-t il i< 
<-..n-in»cted a hut. containing mum-' prol '-iuiis, means of striking -■■ 
directions to the Superintendent's boUM Ob flu- : . _; 1 . . -. ( .-I iln- senOVhUll 

is jii.n-i il : il i'.'-~i.ii! tot tin pufpoM of making rigsali t" vessels in divin la, 

( )ii tin.- ivirly •li-fi.vrri «.t ;ii:- i-i.nnl bjf tin' PortUgU6Mf tbej boDI 
with cuttle, which, running wild, in i ».> yivat. a di 

that it in-. Mm.- ■ .-pii nin t i _u among certain adventurer* to land end kill 

them for their hides and tallow; but »o numerous hud they DOWOMj md thy 

\iviis In the isliiinl «••) pifcariow, thut it required a hundred years to 
:nin:ii<.- iliciii. Tin- isf.-iinl wax vi'\Hrul timet* again Mo< ked, and at) utten 
were the animal* ■!. Tin.-' ■ cplaccd by- a 19 

hOfMS, whose find arrival on the i>lantl is a matter ©f obsCDHl • 

liuMi-, rabtate, funiih th* priocipa] live stock, sad the lath 

shut tin the sake of their flesh. — (Ri oi res, a ate, •.«»!. bo*. p> L06,) 
Sabta bland •* 90 miles 6- B. of Mo ■ . in lat W^fltf Is., long. 

59° 47' W. .■! icb, : 1 1 >« 1 is oot a fad with gross and wild |xa»r«. 

I'ishfl iiri^lili.iilii.u.1 .•*«. 

I bayu condensed the above account of Sable Island from vol. > 
Oolburu's United Service Magazine, July, 184-3, fur the purpose of 
introducing the follow me notes. 

Tin- L"ii'ft>H Suufi''al Mai/agine "■■ 'hi <>nide for 1842, |>age 768, 

copies as follows from the London Timet: 

*• DiS( oveky on BaJUl TitHHT 1 — The Halifax jk»|K,T8 of last week 

pabUahad the following singular discovery: — The following facts have 
Men tnado known to us by a gentleman of this city, who ho* had fail 

information from the best authority, viz.: Capt. Darby, sen.. Governor (as 
ho is called) of Sablo Island. For the lust *J-"» or .'JO years there has been 
a large mound or pyramid of sand, about 100 feet high, on the island, and 
not very far from the residence of Capt. Darby. The winds for some years 
have been gradually diminishing its height, and after a severe blow some 
weeks since it was completely blown nwny, and singular to say, a number 
of small houses, built of the timber* and planks of a vessel, were quite 
visible. <*n examination they were found to contain a number of art 
of t'uniitmv. and stores put up in boxes which were marked '43 d Rcgimci.t.' 
The boxes and cases were perfectly rotten, and would not admit of their 
being removed. A brass dog collar was however discovered by Cape 
Darby, with the name of 'Major Klliott, 43 d Regiment,' on it, and which. 
Darby brought lo the city, and presented to Major Tryon, who 
belong in tin' 43d RecL" — Halym Herod, 

Capt. Darby has endorsed this announcement. Addressing the editor of 
the // rnld, on Wednesday, ho says: "The houses are 

at the base of the hill about 2 miles long, and GO or 70 feet high, lying 
parallel with the south coast of the island, the eastern end of which hill is 
about 96 (bet high, covered with grass and other vegetation, about 85 feet 
below e, and 23 above the level of the sea ; these houses appear 

as the sands wear away with the action of the winds. There appeared at 
times numerous bullets of lead, a great number of military shoes, parts of 
bales of blankets and cloths, brass points of sword scabbards, bees-wax, a, 
in ill Lib -s, convex on both sides, a copper George II. half penny, dated 
17 1:'; boom military brass buckles, a great number of brass paper-pins, a 
very small dog's brass collar, with • Major Elliott 48 M . Regiment* engraved 
on it. numerous bones, some whole and some broken, with the scalp of hair 
and head-dress of aoroung female, a piece of gold band. There arc three 

Vol. XXVII. 6* 




M 



> htoml. 



[J— jjiy. 



buildings, which teem to have been constructed of the fi a gni c ii t* 

•hip ; they are situated altout tea feet apart in a triangular form, and are 

ten to twelve feet square." — 7Ym«, Sept. 17, |$43. 

I li i\.: MKTi bed the mk-4 I / Magazine withoax 

finding any farther notice of this discovery, which i 

at that time, considerable attention. The date on the half penny and the 
character of the article* found, seem to indicate that the rrtiumi MR 
those of tome ill-fated man-of-war or transport, possibly one of these 
engaged in the expedition against Louisbourg. U'u$ die 4&d Reg iment em, 
that expedition t 

I rind i» S-homberg 's Xaca! Chronology, vol. I. pp. 29.V94, under the 
head North America, that on the 11th of 8 itrai 

1 lolibounc put to sea from Halifax to crui*c off LouUbourg, in 
the enemy venture out, be might be able to attack them to great advantage. 

On the evening of the 34th of September, being twenty league** to the 
southward of his station, he with his fleet • ■■ la severe gale from 

the east, which veered to the south and blew a perfect hurriean- .»*«■ 

o'clock the next day, when, on a sudden, it shifted to the north that 

means saved the whole fleet from utter destruction, being at this time dote 
in with the rocks off Cape Breton. The TiUbury was driven on shore 
about two leagues from LouUbourg, and was totally lost ; C'ajit. Uaoulcy 
and most of the crew perished. Fifteen vessels of the fleet were dismasted, 
and one, the Ferret, is reported as having foundered at $ea, and crew 
perished. The French fleet also felt the bad effects of this tempest, and 
those which escaped the English cruisers arrived at Brest at the end of 
November, in a most crippled condition. Probably the annals of tho 434 
regiment, if it could be bad, would fix the date of this misfortune to a 
portion of it 

Perhaps you, or some of your readers, may be able to trace oat 
who the unfortunates wore, and when they met their untimely fate. I 
have had neither the means nor opportunity to ascertain the names of 
all the British ships of war or transports that have been shipwrecked near, 
or foundered while attached to, the Halifax station since 1749, bat 1 find in 
Gillie' h Narrative* of Shipwreck* in the Royal Nary bettceen 1703 and 1867, 
a list of all the vessels of the royal navy lost between those years, — the 
total number being 427 vessels and 16,192 hie*. In 72 vessels all on 
board are supposed to have perished. Of these ih following are 
as having been lost or foundered near Halifax, prior to 184 



liSM 


Cum. 


Ttatt. V> 


on board 


Lost. 


Tribnno 


39 


Nov. 10, 1777 


811 


238 


Fly 


16 


1803 


191 


all lost 


Busy 

Foxhound 



18 


1807 
LBQB 


181 


li 
n 


Hcuretix 


94 


1608 


155 


i< 


Chubb 


— 


1811 


90 


H 


Hi rring 


4 


1814 


8B 


• i 


Magnet 
Than 


10 

e 


1819 


95 

35 


|| 

14 


Contest 


12 


1838 


60 


■ I 


Acorn 


18 


l-v.'-i 


115 


■I 


Ariel 





IK-JO 


■ 


• 1 


Calytwo packet 


1838 


30 


<• 


Brcasta " 


— 


1838 


— 


M 



•IJ. ].•!-.-] 



Wkert. 

off Hnht'ix 
(supposed to bavr foundered 
\ on coast of Newfoundland. 

•■■ted on Halifax station, 
t " " return to. 
( land from Halifax, 
on paxctttfc W. 1 . fax . 

foundered nenr Halifax. 
" on II ■ 
" nearUaiii 
between Falmouth & I lalifaa. 
Halifax station. 

between Halifax «t Falm. 
from Halifax to England, 
lulmouth to HitlifaT 



1873.] 



Witchcraft Filers,— IC92. 



65 









WITCHCRAFT PAPERS,— 1692. 

Trre Keoijtct is indebted to J. Wingnte Thornton, Esq., for tho following papers, 
relating to the Snlcm witchcraft delusion. The first in printed fim rigUWL 

The second paper is a copy of the writing Mat oat for Hignuturcs by persons opposed 
to tin farther prosecution of the " suspected witches." For additional information 
about Alary Easty, see L'phania Salem Witchcraft, vol. ii. pp. 3SM-C7. 

An Account Received from the mouth of Mary Hn-rick aged about 17 
yeares having been Allli. ted the Dcvill or some of his instrument*, about 2 
month. She saithshc had oft been Afflicted A that the sliapeof M" Hayle 
had been represented to her, One unoogri othfln, but aha knew not what 
hand AHlii ted her then, but on the 5* of the B " She Appeared again with 
the Ghost of Gooddec Easty, & thai thflB M n Hayle did sorely Atllict lior 
b] | iiH'liing, pricking & Choaking her. On the" 12 " of the 'J* 1 she Came 
again & Gooddeo Easty with hi l ft than M". lhiyle did Atllict her as for- 
merly. S" Easty made a* if hhe would spe:«k<- but ■ 1 1 • 1 not, but on the name 
night tlu-v Came again & M™ Hayle did sorely Alllict her, iV Baked I 
sin thought ohe was a Witch. The Girl answered no. You be the Devill. 
Then said Easty s d St speake, She Came to tell bet She had bees put to 
Death wrongfully & was Innocent of Witchcraft, & she Came to Vindicate 
her Cause & she Cryed Vengeance, Vengeance, & bid her reveal this to M r 
Hayle & Gcrish, & then she would rise no more, dot should M" I 
Afflict her any more. Memorand : y' Just before s* 1 Easty was Ex e cntedi 
She Appeared to s" 1 Girl, & said I am going upon the Ladder to be bunged 
for a Witch, but I am innocent, & before n 12 Month !»• p isl you ihl 
lieve it. S u Girl e* she speake not of this before ' he hclievi 

was Guilty, Till. M™ Hayle appeared to her and Afflicted her, but now she 
believeth it is all a Delusion of the Devil. 
This before M' Hayle & 
Gerish ll^ofthe 3 th 1692. 

To the Grave and Juditious ye Geuerall Assembly of the Province of ye 
Maseacbnaeti Bey n Ni'-.v-i'iiudtitid the bntnbb) petition! of wrera] n> 
habitants of the Province afore" 1 may it please the honorable Ae* 
that whereas several persons of good Ettne and of unspotted reputation stand 
committed to several gaol* in this Province ujkjii lunnetion of fondry acts 
of witchcraft only upon bare specter testiutoi whereof WO cannot 

but in Charity Judgo to he Innocent and are sensible of their great Afflic- 
tion and if sd. specter testimonie pass for evidence hare great grounds to 

teir Hut the Innocent will be condemned upon . A woeful chain 

of consequences will undoubtedly follow besides the uucertointie of y* exemp- 
tion of any person from ye like accusatiou in ye said Province — the serious 
consideration whereof we have humbly tendered tq XOO in ocr 
hcmtilk address is another PATER; such peculiar matter of fact 
therein asserted and we have sufficient tustiinouie ready to aver ye same: 
therefore request that ye validitie of specter TcsLimouio may be weighed in 
ye balance of your grace and solid Judgments it being the womb that bath 
brought forth inextricable doniugu and misirio to this Province and to order 
by your votes that no more credence be given thereto than the word of 
God alloweth by which means God will he glorified their Majesties honored 
and the Iuterest and welfare of the Inhabitant* of ft Province promot- 
ed and your PetUtionera in duty boune tdiall dayly pray. 




66 



Capt. Haskint's Company of Militia, — 1773. [January, 



NAMES OF CAPT. JOHN HASKINS'S COMPANY OP 
MILITIA,— 1778. 

Communicated by David O. Raskins, Jr., Esq. 

John Haskctb, the son of Robert and Sarah (Cook) Hanking, was born in Boston, 
March 13, 1789. His father came to Boston from England, and died daring the 
infancy of his only son, — the subject of this notice. 

John Haskins was commissioned by Governor Hutchinson captain of a company 
in Colonel John Erving's Boston regiment, and on the 86th day of February, 1778, 
as certified on the back of his commission, he took " the oaths appointed by act of 
Parliament to be taken instead of the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, repeated 
and subscribed the test or declaration in said act contained, together with 
the oath of abjuration and also the oath appointed by law to be taken respecting 
the bills of credit of the neighboring governments," before John Erring, John 
Leverett and Thomas Dawes, Field Officers. 

Being of royalist politics, he took no part in the revolutionary straggle which 
soon ensued. Mr. Haskins was married in Maiden,' March 19, 1752, to Hannah, 
daughter of Phineas and Hannah (Wait) Upbam, of Maiden, and died in Boston, 
Oct. 87, 1814, leaving a numerous posterity who are now widely scattered over the 
country. 



The Alarm List of the Company of Militia nnder the Command of Capt. 
John Haskins, 1773. 



Joshua Richardson, aged 

W m . Coffin, do. 

W m . Lowder, do. 

Benj". Lowder. 

Joshua Spear. 

Isaac Means. 

John Smith. 

Nich\ Pierce, Engine. 

Henderson Inches. 

John Fairservice. 

Benj\ Evington. 

Eben r . Seaver. 

Sam 1 . Coverley. 

Adam Hardwick, Fish". 

Thomas Roatch. 

Conrad Rex. 

Dotson Williams, Fish". 

John Lord 

Peter Johonnot. 

Paul Dudley Richards. 

Daniel Dana. 

W°. Chapel. 

Jacob Hadrick. 

John Stevens. 

Johnson Jackson, aged. 

Joseph Hood, mariner. 

Aaron May, Town Officer. 

Joseph Clark, Commis n . 

Sam'. Wheeler, Fngjne. 



Josiah Wheeler, Do. 

Nath". Wheeler. 

Thomas Edes, Town Officer. 

Nath 1 . Cobbet. 

Joseph Moffat. 

Robert Wier. 

W». Plimpton. 

Jonas Raymond. 

W. Crane. 

James Bird. 

Thomas Betterley. 

Thomas Blake. 

Benj". Whitmarsh. 

James Blake. 

Charles Simpson. 

Mills. 
Jonh Spear. 
Benj". Crane. 
James Thayer. 
Jonathan Arnold. 
Nathan Dorr. 

James Richardson, T. Officer. 
John Martin, Jun r . 
Ebenezer Dorr. 
W m . Cushing. 
John Kinley. 
Sam 1 . Breeden, Engine. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Stephen Harris, aged. 



1873.] Capt. IlaskiMi 


Company of Militia,— 1778. 


57 


Stephen Harris, Jun r . 


George Lush, Jua r . 
Nath 1 . Wkb 




Benj*. Thompson. 




Joseph Dorr. 


Nath'. Russel. 




Philip Marcluuit. 


Thomas BtOWtL 




Sum 1 . Wales. 


John Hi i 




Joshua Gore. 


Zachariali Ilildrith. 




W'". Cheney. 


John Lewis Ohrce. 




John BOMQOi 


John Alters, mariner. 




W m . Martin. 


Thomas Peck. 




Edw*. Wentworth. 


Philip Peck. 




Ignatius Jordan. 


Thos. Foster, Church Officer. 




John Warren. 


Joseph Foster. 




John Lucas, T. Oflioer. 


Solomon KnceJaud, aged. 




John Ridgnway. 


Adam Collaon. 




John Cow drey. 


Daniel Bates. 




John Tnimhal. 


John Fenno, Engino. 




Calvin While;. 


John Kennaday. 




Benj\ Wolcott 


John Chandler. 




George Rex. 


K|ihraim Segar, aged. 




Elisha Holmes, T. Officer. 


Abijah Hammond. 




Jonathan Patten. 


JOOT. Henshaw, .Tun'., A.M. 




Joshua Farrington. 


And*, nenshaw, do. 




Isaac Bird, T. Officer. 


W". Kitchen. 




Nath'. Tuckerman. 


Martin Geyer. 




Nath 1 . Wardcl. 


Josiah Lewis. 




Alexander Martin. 


Richard Floyd. 




Josiah Richardson. 


I\!, i- Over. Fish". 




Jacob Martin Ilciter. 


Hi Ql J Q 1 .' ;,vr,do. 




Sam 1 . Frost. 


W ,n . Mc Clare, mariner. 




John Butterfield, aged. 


1 -.« Perry. 




Richard Faxon. 


Nath'. Sheppard. 




Kleb Faxon. 


Nath'. Phillips, aged. 




Enoch Brown. 


W", PhiUips. 




Daniel Parker. 


Nath 1 . Phillips, Jun r . 




W". Sliattuck. 


Jon*. Sever. 




Nath 1 . Sever. 


Joseph Davenport. 




Elisha . 


Isaac Clark. 




Thomas Bracket- 


John Pearson. 




James Armstrong. 


Br.ij\ Clark. 




Thomas Stafford. 


John Brown. 




W». Gooch. 


Thomas Wheeler. 




Thomas Lamb. 
Benj*. Scott 


Edmund Frost. 




Amos Cook. 




Thomas Baugum. 


Daniel Sever. 




Elijah Roberts. 


Jeremiah Gore. 




Nath 1 . Brodlee. 


-W. Hall. 




Sam 1 . Sprague. 


W". Corbet, Engine. 




Joseph Loveriug, Engine. 


James He wins. 




Benj* Veazie. 


Simon Hollis. 




Benj*. Ross. 


Nath'. Francis. 




John Wtf 


Thos. Nolen, T. Officer. 




Graotga Battannui. 


Obedioh Thayer. 




Cornelius Foster. 


Joseph Arnold. 





58 



Petition of Connecticut Soldiers in th* Revolution. [ Jsjmkt. 



Jon*. Griffin. 

Seth Chapin. 

Enoch Greenleaf. 

John Peirce. 

Joseph Field. 

Nathan Tufts. 

John Carnes, Jun'. 

Benj*. Thompson. 

W m . Rogers, T. Officer. 

Ephraim Capen. 

W-. MarshalL 

John Walker. 

Sam 1 . Bates. 

Moses May, Commis". 

Amaaa Davis. 

Sam 1 . Holbrook. 

Robert Pierpont, coroner. 

John Hopkins. 

W. Ames. 

Benj\ Cobb, T. Officer. 

Dan'l Brown. 

Sam*! Richards. 



Caleb Davis, Chord) Officer. 

Isaac Luf kin. 

Remember Preston. 

Nath 1 . Curtis. 

Stephen Jennings, 

Joseph Hovey. 

Richard Rowen. 

David Dickey. 

Edw*. Hunt. 

John Crane, Jun'. 

Thomas Hewins. 

Jacob Constantino. 

Sam 1 . Searl. 

Jon*. Dillaway. 

James Buckley. 

Benj'. Dorril. 

Stephen Gill. 

Robert Fair-service. 

John Dicks. 

Josiah Torrey, Jun r . 

Thomas Moor. 

John Hunt. 



PETITION OF THE CONNECTICUT SOLDIERS IN THE BE- 

VOLUTIONARY ARMY, TO HIS EXCELLENCY, JONATHAN 

TRUMBULL, GOVERNOR OF CONNECTICUT. 

Communicated by Mr. Lidtaxd Bill, of New- York, N. T. 

Tax following document is from Captain Nathaniel Webb's Orderly Book in mj 
possession, and is a verbatim copy. — L. b. 

Camp Reading, Dec f . 27* 1778. 
Petition, to his Excellency Gov. TrwnbuR. 

May it please yonr Excellency. The Sense of the Importance of 
opposing with Force, y* attempts of Great Brittain to enslave our Country, 
induces us to lay before your Excellency the Condition of that Part of y* 
Army raised from the State of Connecticut & y c great Danger of their dis- 
banding & returning to their several Homes. 

They have may it please your Excellency been promised a Blanket, 4 
other Cloathing annually from y* Continent & a Blanket from y* State every 
year, for each non-commissioned Officer & Soldier, these Promisees have 
not been complied with, so far from it, that altho' wee have not, one half 
y* Quota of Men this State was to raise, wee assure you not less than four 
hundred are to this Day totally destitute, & no one has rec d two Blankets 
according to Contract, nor has more than one half of the Cloathing promis- 
ed ever been rec* or any compensation made for y* deficiency, that when 
they have Coats they are without Breeches, & when they are supplied with 



1873.] Petition of Connecticut Soldiers in the Revolution. 



59 



Shoos, they have neither StockingK nor Shirts. & at this Inclement Season 
many of our Men aru autluring fur want of Blaukctts, Shirts, Breeches, 
BhoM lV. Stockings, & some aro destitute of Coats & Waistcoats. 

The increased Price of every necessary and Couvinieiicu of Life, is 
another Grievance most sensibly experienced by y e Soldiery in l h •. : i r March', 
& in other Situations, they are necessitated to purchase Provisions & Vogcta- 
hies whin in Camp. — The Prices now asked for one Meal is from three to eight 
Shillings, Turnips from two to threo Dol M pr Bushel & other Vegetables in 
proportion, that a Soldiers month Pay is consumed in about three days in 
furnishing himself witli necessaries not snpplyed by tin; Pubtick. — Thcso 
are Grievances very greatly & Justly complained of by your Soldiers, & 
Officers of every Rank are Sharers in the CoriEequenoes of theso Evil-. 

An expectation of Redress has retained y* Soldiery hitherto, but Deser- 
tions Daily increase & unless that Justice which is their <lue is done, Woo 
assure your Excellency wee fear it will not be in our Power to retain them. 
Wee have y* greatest Reason to believe they will wait y* Event only of 
their l'i tilion at y* Adj*. Assembly, & should that Assembly arise without 
doing Lhein Justice, in y" past depredation of y* Currency, wee are con- 
vino ,] y' greater part of y" Soldiery will desert. 

Weo assure your Excellency wee have A; shall continue to appease every 
discontent which has y* remotest Tend.ii icy to produce Mutiny & Deaertion 
or any other Act prejudicial to ?• Service 61 pet have y* Satisfaction to 
believe wee possess y* Love «!t Affection nf y° Soldiery & that they are not 
desireous to forsake us or y* Cause of their Country. 

But may it please your Excellency they are naked En a severe Winter, 
they are hungry & have no Mum v. Wee have promised them redress, weo 
have assured them of y* good Intentions of their Country toward* them, & 
that Justice wan intended «v would be done them, but their Patience is ex- 
hausted & wee shall not lie able Longer to gain Credit with them. 

We acknowledge with Gratitude y* Kind Intention* of our Assembly 
towards us, A. are sensible some Embarraxsinenls are in y* Way of that 
Justice . . . us as their Soldiery under our Command which is our just 
Right., but we cannot In* con liatnl "lis more Keasunaljle for u* to rely on 
y* Provision Congress may be opposed lo make in nonie future Time, than 
for thi.s State lo rely on that Body ' ,,r doUM thsn Jutfice, •vpwniQ] whon 
wee consider y* conditions of y* Officer* £. Soldiery from y* Extreme Parts 
of y* States in y* I'nioii, are so very <lil!erent that on? general Rule can- 
not be adopted which will do us justice, & tbat when we eonsidei that 
your Excellency in your Proclamation for raising y* Soldn mi pledg* y" faith 
of y* State for y* punctual fullilmeut of every fngagement, made with J* 
Soldiers by Congress. 

Vi 'u hope & trust that our Assembly at their next Sentient will remove 
y* Causes of our Complaint & satisfy us those Losses wee have sustained 
by y* past depreciation of Money & give those Assurances of keeping good 
our future pay & redress our other Grievances that no Cause of Complaiut 
may remain among us, but should not this be done, wee still think it to be 
our Indispensible Duty to make this publick Representation before y* Evils 
wo arc convinced will How from them have happened, least wee should be 
■ensured fur our Silence when y* Event has taken place. 

Wee beg your Excellency to lay this Representation before y* Assembly 
& to assure them wee have y* most ardent Desire to assist in our several 
Stations in reducing that Power which involved our Country in this Cruel 
War <fc to promote tliat Order & decency in y* Soldiery, so necessary to y* 
Attainment of this End. 



w 



hucriptvmifram Gram tttma u Saoim*, &. B. [ Jtimij, 



Wee have f arniah'd oar Aim with a Cakelatioa, 
Evidence b oar Power, that being adopted by oar AurwMj 
Opjmoioti qncc oar Troop* •> that nothing short will pre theaa 

Wee have the Honoar to be with y* Greatest Esteem Yoor 
Oaft Mm ill 



on y» baa 
will in ear 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM GRAVE-STONES IN SEABROOK, N.H. 
C rmm u nku td bjr J. Wimiti Taoaarros, Eat. 

- II«-re lye* T* Body | of Mr*. Elizabeth I Wear* wife to Nathaxizl | 

Weahe, Ear* aged I 75 yean Dec 4 ye 10 | Feb'. Anno 17 
"Here lyes y* Body | of M'. Bonus Morten. Died Apriel I 30 1718 

Aged | 61yeen." [Son of Wat. Morion, of Ipswich, and of Lacy 

Downing-Wintbrop Norton. Ilia wife wa* Mart, daughter of Joe coh 

and Sarah (GowhW) Whipple, of ^waYca, See Register, vol. 
" Here lye* y* | Body ot Isaac | Greer agad 70 | yean Dec 4 . | May 12, 

I7H,- 
u Here lyes y* Body ] of Mart Heath | wife of Nebexiah | I I rath 

aged 28 ( yean died y" I 1C of April 1715." 
"HerelyethMr. JohxStax | tax who | died Sept* y" 26 \ 1718 aged 

79."* 
" Sacred to | Hexkt Dow J Died January y* 22 1738-9 in | y* 64* year 

of bit age." 
"Mart Dow | wife of J Hexebt Dow | Died May y* 18 | 1789 in y* | 

62 year of her I Age. 
« Sawn I Dow died | May 9, 17[7S?] in | the 71 year | 

of [his ? lier ?] ago." 

While the copyist was deciphering these moss-covered stones, the 
venenble Edwaud Gove, tall and spare, and with broad brim, came from 
the plain Quaker meeting-house close by where the Sunday morning 
service had just closed and he had preached, — and said: "I have the 
original deed of trust from Thomas Chase to the Quakers about 1701 or 
1702, to be used for their worship and burial.'' Hardly had the good man 
left when 1 recalled him, for at the moment my eye had fallen on the 
almost illegible name of Chase: "Here lyes v* Bod? J of Thomas Chase 
| Deer 1 , v- SB Day of | 8*. mo. 1714 | in y* 72* year | of his age." This 
was the grave of the Donor, whose name had just been on the lips of the 
venerable minister, Howard Gove, whose progenitor, of the same name, 
lived in this part of Ancient Hampton now called Seabrook. and, it is said, 
owned a large pari of Its territory. Doubtless ho was buried near when 
we stood, though no mark of his resting-place remains. He was a quick, 
driving, busy man, and conspicuous in vindicating the right as he understood it. 

"Hero lie* y* Uodv | of Mrs. Ltdia North | y* Wife of Mr. | Joseph 
North | Deo*. Jnney* 18 | 1732 in y* 38 | year of her age." 

Hum pave itom-- !-.• in ili ■ i ;<■•! i-i.iiiit i 'I' the Quaker ground, next \hn 
street The place affords a fine view of Hampton Falls Village, where the 
Rev. Faim. Wisoate preached heibre he retired to Stratham and civil 
honon, and where the monument to Meshec Weare commemorates his 
great services. 



1873.] Hampton Falls and the Rev. Paine IVingatc. 61 



IIAMPTON FALLS AND THE REV. PAINE WING ATE. 1 

Communicated by J. \Vi>-oxtf Thorxtos, Esq. 

"Province of ) To tin- IJ<>vi-rend Mr. Paine Wingate of Hampton 
_\Yu I Iimifisbiro > Falls in saiil Province — 

Revd. Sir Whereas there wn» a Vote Passed at a Legal meeting of the 
ildan and Inhabitants of your Parish of Hampton Falls aforo'd: on 
the Nineteenth day of December la-i PS i to Build a New meeting house 
and set it on the Vacant Lm t-miah Lanes in said Parish and a 

Committee waa Chosen to Build said meeting bouse which said Committee 
l'roceeded to build said house and have so far finished it as to be 
Comfortable and lit for the Publick Worship of God to be Performed 
therein and we the subscribers being Freeholders and Inhabitants of said 
Parish and your Parishioners being Desirous that said inc 
besolniily Dtdiotted to tin.- Piil.lirk WOnUp df God anil tlnu llie Duties 
of your Baored Function may be by yw Pi rlbnoad i1ht<\ 

Do hereby signify to you our hearty Darin and Sincere BefOOI. that 
you will dune I id house and Perform the MM lo doiofi whieh we 

Trust it hope you will Honour God loonM your Self worthily in your 
Sacred office and Do Great good to your Parishioners 
Hauipi m Kails December the I I* 

' idiah Sloepar Benjamin Saubora 

Jonathan Buruham Caleb Tiltou 

Daniel Brown -Nathan Brown 

Malober Wnd to Green 

Josiah .Mo wit i hi Eaton Green 

John Clillonl Samuel James 

Jacob Green Jonathan Cram 

Francis Burnliain Jonathan I'erliins 

' Puine Wingate was born in Amcsliurr.MaK*., M;»y H, 1730, and died in Strntham, N II., 
Man li 7. 1H.1H. He wu a it I /dm, Ol 1 »■ . -. - N. li mdnon of Col. 

Joihua (ban in i v, 1680. died in Hampton, N. II.. i '. 9, I 89), 

present and Hiding In the capture of Loulshonrg. 174a. He was I Bar. Paine 

Winante, who was the minister of Amwbury, 172U-86 (H. C. 1723). He tu graduated ot 
11. (?. i.i 1788 , i.f.l.in. t to the ministry and willed In Hampton Fails, N. II., Dec. 14, 17<13, 
mliwa March 18, 1771. After thnt he removed to strut bum, where he rciilod till 
his denth. He was a rcpresentatire in UM bdl ntl OOngnM In I7K7, and again in l; 
federal senator in 1789-03; ft judge of the superior court of New-Hampshire in 170S-18U9. 
Iil= wife was a sister of Hie Hon. Iuim-Iiv Pickering. 

Notwithstanding hi* lone public life tin- m« ■ 1 1 1.- ■ ri m on to show whether or no*, i 

a man of partirnlor wortn, or whctti-.-i li tool a very active pa" in "' imecBCd 

with lib numerous oflkOt, Th re l< a ski-t B of Meshech V- .u ■•■ in :i>. 

CoBection* of X. B. Hist. Society, vol. v. p. 1'43. nnd there an 6 occasional 

discourse* In print. Wa recall nothing moro. He wo* a respectable man, out of narrow 
vlrvr« in politics and rehgfco. 

What the reason woe for the special and formal Invitation here printed we have not 
learned, it Menu to Mat at a prvnou lalanudcretaadflig or innlman 

Tin re wax nn anecdote current not long ago among the old people of Stralham and 
vldnitj . ■ i Hi. allowing purport. It was said thot Mr. Wingate, at an early period of the 
revolution, was suspected of lukewarm tu.-.* toward* tin- pan 

known to l're*. Washington, and that when the hitter o nwy through New* 

Hampshire came to the residence of Mr. Wingiik. 1 1' and I od pi'rteok of 

refreshment*; thai while thus engaged Mr. wlugue I rward and pj w eal ed Ml 

infant son George to thr pn Ml dent, taring: Mr. Prtridtnt, I hare named my hoy Grargr, 

after . Without waiting for hun to complete the sentence, the president In q 

After uthieh Qeorqet— {Bl>l 10 K.1 

Vol. XXVII. fl 



62 



Early ScttUrt of Stra/furd, Conn, 



[January, 



Theophilus Sanborn 
Jeremiah Lane 
Thomas Silley 
Benjamin Ilillyard 
Jeremiah Blake 
Henry Blake 
Caleb Swain 
David Tilton 
Abraham Brown 
Samuel Melcher Jun 
Nehamiah Cram 
Joel Cram 
Benj'n Tilton 
Redmond Monlton 
Samuel Tilton 
Jonathan Tilton Jun. 
James Prescott Jun 
William Page 
William Swain 
"Johnflod" 
Joseph Pever 
John Bachelder 



Henry Sanborn 
Stephen Swain 
John Swain 
Benj'n Tilton 
James Prescott 
Nathaniel Haley 
Jacob Green 
Jonathan Tilton 
Nathan Tilton 
Samuel Malcher 
Richard Moulton 
Benjamin Moulton 
Joseph Rawlings 
Joseph Sanborn 
Samuel Prescott 
William Prescott 
Joshua Blako 
Elisha Prescott 
Stephen Haley 
Nathan Tilton Jun. 
Stephen Tilton 
John Brown." 



EARLY SETTLERS OF STRATFORD, CONN. 

Stratford began to be settled in 1639, under the name of Cupheage, and became 
a plantation in 1640. The town records commence about 1650. The original 
territory of Stratford reached back from the sea 12 miles, and included the present 
townships of Stratford, Huntingdon , Monroe, Trumbull and Bridgeport. The origi- 
nal proprietors of Stratford by tradition are reported to have been 17. 

The following large list was taken from the town records, and probably was made 
before 1650, as William Burritt died that year. 



s 



Thomas Gridmore 
John Wells 
John [illegible.] 
Mr. Blackman 
Richard Harvee 
John Peacock 
Wm. Quenby 
Robert Rise 
William Burritt 
Mr. Knell 
John Pickett 
John Brownsmayd 
Wm. Wilcockson 
Richard Butler 
John Peak 
Thomas Fayrechild 
Joseph Judson 
Daniel Titerton 



Philip Groves 
Francis Jecockes 
William Crooker 
John Hurd 
Arthur Bostwick 
John Tompson 
Robert Cooe 
Thomas Uffoot 
Joseph Hawley 
Jeremiah Judson 
Mr. Sebrooks 
Henry Gregory 
Richard Boothe 
Mr. Waklins 
Widow Curtis 
Thomas Sherwood 
Francis Hall 
William Beardsly 



1873.] 



Early Settlers ttf Strafford, Conn. 



63 



.T.'lm Curtis 
John Burdsey 



I«aak Nichols. 



"A List of ye Inhabitants of Stratford drawn up by the Townsmen and 
Recorder by Order from ye Governor ami Mi. Jonel tin- -7* clay of March, 
1668, as follower b. and diligently recorded by order from ye present Towns- 
men this 28* day of March 1608. 



Mr. Sherman 
Mr. Fayrechild 

Mr. Cliauiicry 

31 r. Walker 

Li. Wm. Curtiss 
Oder * h 

Joseph Judson 

John Hinisiy, Ben 

John Minor 
Nathaniel Porte 
John Birdaeji .Ir 
Henry Wakclyn 
Jehn II Preston 

Mr. Knell 

John Brinsmayd, Sen 
Richard Bntlet 
Hi njamin Peak 
John Curtiss 
John Peek, Jr 
Timothy Wileockson 
Joseph Bcarslyo 
Israeli Curtiss 
Arthur Boatadek 
Caleb NlekoQi 

John Beach 

John Weill 
.1 Mies Blaekmnn 
John Pickett) Jr 
Robert Lane 
John Hull 
Jabes Harger 
Daniel TittYirton 
Robert Rose 
Robert Clark 
John WOoOCkMBk 
Bfagb (Irillin 
llii hard HarvoO 
Ldward iliiiiiian 



John Tompson, Sen 
John Tnmpaon, Jr 
Moses Wheeler 
Franda Hall 

E Wakeman 

Sam 1 Sherman 
b I Ian ley 
Adam Hurd 
Henry Tomlynson 
Bichard Bo 

John Ilurd, Jr 
Isaak Niekolls 
Jeremiah Judson 
Semi Bearalye 
John Pickett. Sen 
Thomas irtToot 
James Clark 
John Peacock 
John Hurd, Sen 
Mr. David Mitchell 

Stephen Burritt 

Bleckman 

J n I in Bearalye 

Sam' Style* 

Ephraim Styles 

John Wheeler 

Obediah Wheefa 

I Ioj>e Washborne *> Out livers 

I heophihiH Sherman 

Ifathew Sherman 

Thomas Sherwood's children 
Thomas W. ill 
Widow Bearalye ye wife 
n! Thome* 

Mrs. Bhu-kinun 

Widow Tftserlon 

II [don Beemlyt jre wife 
of W m . Beanlyo 



[Other names between 165i k 16fi8 found on the records.] 

John Gener, 1663 Stiles Nichols 

John Barlow 3&0UIM Quenby 

Mr. Bryan Win. Bead 
James Harwood an Heers 

ivlward lli»beu Nathaniel Foote 

Joshua Judson John Young 




64 Letter- Missive to Fourth Church in Hampton, N. H. [January, 



LETTER -MISSIVE FROM THE TOWN OF CANTERBURY 
N. H., TO THE FOURTH CHURCH IN HAMPTON, N. II. 

From tbe File* of the N. E. Hutoric, Gbxkaxooicax. Socxett. 

For 

The Rev d M' Nathl Gookin,' Pastor of the 4th Church of Christ in 
Hampton. To be communicated to y* Chh. 

The Freeholders & Inhabitants of the Town of Canterbury, — To the 
Chh of Christ in North Hampton, Send Greeting — 

Rev 4 Hon a & IJeloved in our Lord jesus Christ — 

Whereas it hath Pleased Almighty God in his Holy Providence to make 
way for the Settlement of a Chh in this Town of Canterbury, and that as 
a Chh of Christ we might come to the Enjoyment of all his holy Ordinan- 
ces, we have Unanimously Called M' Robert Cutler* to the work of the 
Ministry nmongst us, and it hath pleased Him who semis forth Labourers 
into his Harvest to encline his heart to accept of this Call, and to take the 
Pastoral Cliarge over us, who dwell in the Wilderness, and are exposed 
daily to the Insults & Barbarities of a Savage Enemy, we do therefore 
hereby signifie to you that with his Consent we have Appointed Wetlnesdav 
the 15 th day of Sop 1 next to be the day for his Instaulment to the Pastoral 
Office amongst us, & do therefore humbly & Earnestly desire your Assist- 
ance here by your Rev* Elder and Messengers on the said day for the more 
orderly & effectual Consummating of that Affair. 

Thus asking your Prayers to God for us & Commending you to his 
abundant Mercies and goodness, we Subscribe your Brethren in the Faith 
& Fellowship of the Gospel. 

Canterbury, Aug 1 y* 4*, 1756. 

P. S. The Rev d Elder and Messengers are desired to meet at y e House 
of Capt. Jeremiah Clough in s d Town at 8 of y* Clock in y* morning so 
that a Chh may be Seasonably Einbodyed. Ezekiel Moriull, 1 

Jeremiah Clough,* 
Josiah Miles. 

In y' Name and behalf of y* Freeholders & Inhabitants 
of y* Town of Canterbury. 

Aug. 29 th This letter read Sept. 12 Vote called for but none voted to 
comply. Nath'l Gookin. 

1 Rcr. Nathaniel Gookin was born in Hampton, N. H., in 1713 ; graduated at R. C. in 
1731 ; settled over the 4th Ch. in Hampton (now the 1st Cli. in North Hampton), Oet. 31, 
1739; died Oct 22, 1766; son of Rev. Nathaniel of Hampton, grandson of Kov. Nathaniel 
of Cambridge, and gr. grandson of Maj. Oen. Daniel. Farmer and Moore's Historical 
Coll., vol. ill. p. 370. — Register, vol. xi. p. 78.— [Editor.] 

* Rev. Robert Cutler was born In 1722 ; graduated at H. C. 1744 ; ordained at Epping, 
N. II., Dec 9, 1747; dismissed Dec. 23, 175-5 ; preached at Canterbury-, nndcr a call, about 
two years, hut was not installed, for reason set forth in Farmer and Moore's Hitt. ColL, 
vol. li. p. 363.— [Editor.] 

3 Dea. Ezekiel Morrill, Captain in the Militia, Town Clerk, &c, and Josiah Miles were 
among the first settlers of Canterbury, and took an native part in defending the frontier against 
the French and Indians. Dea. Morrill died in 1783, aged 80 years. His last wife was the 
widow of Rev. Ward Cotton of Hampton. She had five husbands in all.— [Editor.] 

4 Captain Jeremiah Clough was one of the first settlers and most prominent citizens of 
Canterbury- Great confidence was placed In him by the Provincial government, and for 
many years he was by appointment the Captain of scouting parties that made Canterbury 
their head quarters during the French and Indian hostilities, subsequent to 1740. He 
raised and commanded a company in Col. Poor's N. H. Regiment in 17/5. 

The Clough "honso" was long nsed as a garrison house, and when it was recently torn 
down, it is said that ballets were found thickly embedded in its oaken walls.— [Editos.] 






AJh- 



riTYOFitiniMoxn 



jiti.y ij>tii 
1T11» 




1873.] 



of the Clhj ©/ Richmond) V<u 



SEALS OF THE CITY OF RICHMOND, VA. * 

At a meeting of tlm cily council of Richmond, held April 10. 18' 

Wynne, Welford and Scott were appointed I OOHQDntee I r-nii r ,ii,il 

blowing paragraph in tin' um\ »'( last annual message: 
" The City Seal is so nearly worn out by long use m to be almost > 

■ ity I* given to have a new one engraved . The pre sent Seal 
dei thi aevta the words 'City >.ii I'.n boono! July 1Mb. I T.—«». r [an 
notawaara whet event is oomnu anorated by this date; but if ■ nan Seal 
it seems to me, the date of tlte too of tin oitj . May, 1782, or tliat of the 

incorporation of the SOWS, May, l?-l-.'. would ho more nppropr 

'li of June following, said committee submittal a full nod elidwrate 
report, giving »■< (•(■inpli'tf ii history ••!" tin." vetioae olfcy Nab, in DM el <lilf<>rcnt 

times, aa tU- i of tin- pobUo records iroala r unit, CI* reupon the 

committee were instrurted to prepare design* ti.r a new seal, and Bn ordinance in 
relation to the BUBO. Tha they did, and their report t. 1878. 

The km eomiiiitu-B were »!*> authorised and directed to hare a seal as 
aoeorilin; bo the d od tide alio baa boon d 

We print below, n. greater portion of the bartorioal parte of the«e repot 
!■'. ir tin' /; '!-.,.„•;■■: of the old weal lately in use, and of the new seal, the KtcrSTKit 
il Indebted to the aan c i ori ty of the Hon. T. II. Wynne, who in various ways ifl 
manifesting his interest in the history and prosperity ol Virginu. 



"Fi orda Of tho Common Ball [or city council] we. learn, that 

.0 July Hiili. 1 7.S-J, it was 

"'Ordered, Thai a Seal of the corporation bi i that. Mr. 

Recorder | Hay] and Mr. Iteckley be appointed to proper* ■ device, and 
direct the Disking of the ntc 

•* AU. OB -fiily Mi. 1786, we read ax follows: 'Tt appearing to the 
that ii tore ordered, is not yet pTOCQH <l il red that the 

private Seal of the preecad Mayor be established the common Seal of 'his 

ii, :«tnl that tho same he affixed by the Clerk of tb 

Hall to •■ill ordtnaaoea, ai the originally pai 

'■Jh. Bobert Ujtohell TO the Mayor at thi^ time, hut wo Ii.-iv.- no 
to any Information by whioh ire. Baa obtain an idea of the design emb 

in this flu- fir*! Si il of [ha City of Richmond. 

"Ti; N of any oflkaal Seal of the Corporation, • 

d, is in tin* volume in which the ordinance* were recorded 
which were attested by the rignatuxe of the Preeide&t, and the Seal of the 

City to i "Ii ordinance. 
"Until 1798 the ordinances were recorded with the minutes in the 

Journal of tho p ■-» of tho Common Hull. 

"'Hi I itiauw recorded In tha hook appropriated to tin-, ptn 

bears date October 20th, 1806. The Imp i the Seal to this 

the figure of Justice standing m Q£ in bat 

han 1 tin: ' i!< ■, hoi i.-ft arm elc r left hand pointing 

upwards. She fa standing ujion the earth, from Ifhlch, in at her left I 

tobacco plant springs luxuriantly. In the < a la the inscription, Crl'k 

OF RICHMOND. JULY IX*. MDCCI.WXil. in Boman character. 
Above her head is th -.^ic itur <td ttstra.' This Seal is one tod a 

half inches in diameter, and the design has been adhered to generally, with 
-e !t variations as we shall describe,, iu all the official Seals to the | 
time. 
Vou XXVII. 6* 




66 Seals of the City of Richmond, Va. [January, 

"On the 27th of May, 181 fi, 'the President of the Common Hall wu 
ordered to cause a new Seal to be procured for the city, and a press to 
apply the same — the Seal to lie made of steel so as to make an impression 
without the use of wax ur wafers.' 

"Notwithstanding this order, the same impression appears on all the 
ordinances dowu to the date of January 18. 181 'J — in every instance upon 
a wafer. Four days after, a new Seal apjiears. 

"The next date to an ordinance is January 22d, 1819, and this ordinance 
is sealed with an impression one and three-quarter inches in diameter, 
stamped on the paper without a wafer, on which Justice holds the scales in 
her Irjl hand, while the right bears a ponderous sword. The legend is the 
same as that above-named, except that the date is changed from July IX 
to 'July l'.lth.' and the numerals are Arabic. The motto remains the same. 
The records give no authority for this change in the date, nor a description 
of any of the Seals used by which they can be identified. 

" As the impressions of the City Seal are uniform in all respects from 
1810 to is Co. and the Seal of cast steel, and the press with its long arms, 
and heavy balls on the end of the same, were fixtures in the Chamberlain's 
office, well-rememl>crcd by our contemporaries, we presume the Seal 
remained the same until the close of the war. 

" During the occupation of the city by the Federal troops, after the 
surrender, in l«Go, every public office was ransacked and despoiled of such 
of its contents as struck the fancy of collectors of relics or patrons of 
junk-dealers. From April the 3d to June the 7th, 1865, the office of the 
Chaml>erlaiu was unoccupied by a city official. At the last named date, 
the Military Governor, F. II. Pierpout (John W. Turner, Major- General, 
commanding the Federal troops at this station), commenced issuing a series 
of orders in relation to the government of the cily, by one of which David 
■J. Saunders, Esq., a prominent citizen of Richmond, and for many yean 
President of the City Council, was appointed provisional manager of the 
City of Richmond. Mr. Saunders at once re-ap]K»intcd Mr. A. W. Morton, 
Chamberlain, and Mr. K. C. Howard his clerk. When Air. Morton 
returned to his office, from which he had been ejected by the military, the 
vault in the same had been broken open, and the Seal of the city and 
everything else of value, had disappeared. The Chamberlain, feeling at 
once the necessity and importance of having a corporate Seal, conferred 
with the provisional manager and Mr. Howard, and the result was that 
they concluded to have a Seal engraved at once, and adopting the design 
and legend of the former Seal, changed the motto from that which had 
been in use since the year 1800, to the words, 'Fiat jiutitiu rttai caelum! 
This change was deemed necessary to protect the city from any improper 
use which might have been mode of the stolen seal. With this alteration, 
it was, in reality, no more the Seal of the City of Richmond than it was 
that of New York or Paris ; but the motive which prompted the change 
was very commendable, and had the spirit of these gentlemen been 
properly appreciated by the City Council, the latter would have adopted 
this Seal, made it legitimate and retained it in use. 

This Seal, made under the directions of the Provisional Government, 
was used until 1807. In the volume of ordinances published that year, 
which were adopted as a whole ou the 12th of March, on page 30 wo find 
the .following ordinance : 

"'The Seal of the City of Richmond shall continue to be the same in form and 
style as it was used prior to April, 1805.' 



1873.] 



Sealt of the City of Richmond, Vth 



67 



"Under this ordinance a new Seal was engraved, ■ m be one now 

under diaeaBiioa. Ii. ■ i littli larger En 'Hiun.'t.T than 1117 of the others 

I motto the same as those on the Seals used 
from [806 ■ rior to Bkh t of the other 

three which have hern deseribi d. and bj U egregious blonder, the date in 
ill,- legend ii -.Inly too 19th, 1789." 

•• \n examination of the fticta, which are narrated above, shows that his 
honor, the Mayor, is OBtTCOt in ihe rritieUin be makes upon 1I 
(Jitv » ll -tbe dllfl OpOO it il 00t only HyrtftflHlfl by no event connected 
with the history of the city, hut both the day of the month 1 lmbcr 

of the yew >liO|OU only Be attributed to the most inexcusable <\in-drssnees. 
We se<- that the date of July IX. 17hL'. nsoo the Seal used from 1806 
urn 1 L819. l [Mm tho Seal thoB iotradttoedi H wao altered to Joly 19th, 
i, and thus continued imrii 1885, when it ma repeated open the Seal 
of the ProTudoaal manage im nt : but u*hi thla was siip< rsrd.'.] by the Bed 
now in use, it was again ohanged. and made July 1 '1 1 789. All of these 
various blunders pi n> out of the omission on the part of the City Fntln-rs, 
■hen they adopted a Seal, to h. -riptlon of the tame entered noon 

the Journal, 01 in their booh of ordinances, lucee who are on w boob 
-. will find recorded with minute details, in the proceeding] of the 
Continental Congnei, a description of the Beal adopted for the I 

, and in like manner the convention of this State, in 1776, in adopting 
B Seal tot Virginia, made every detail a matter of record. thus giving a 
prntrui.'uci- to tli>' ilevic .sion moiv than the metal 

ujjon which liny tre engraved. Dnt we (ail t>> Bnd n the 
proce e dings or in the ordinances adopted by the Common Rail on 
Council a single entry describing anj combination of figures or words as 
the official emblem of the < - i t v . That the menbi rs of the < Etatl 

were aware of tin; Importance of having b Seal ii evident from their 

proceedings in tli<*ir i>e.-(»i)d meeting, viz. : July 1 6th, 17-:, 

but the committee to whom tin «a< •-utrusted, neglected their dot} 

for three years, and failing to report up to thai lime, u > Ball 

adopted the private Seal o I Kr. Robert Mitchell, Mayor. kppeareto 
have ausworcd the purpose oatil L806, when thl Mil S 
City was introduced and need until in in. uh«-n another w >•- obtained and 
BBtil 1866, to be succeeded by another ■ b b Mi discarded in l«o7, 
to be niK-reiili.-d \»\ t In- one now in use; and, ttraoge U ii may sound, not 

a are no two of these exactly alike, but wane man this, imtone of them 
mi legal inaction, boi have wt an] elue r.> Mr maning of their 
inscriptions! It is therefore i:vnl«-nt that we have never had a City Seal, 

the authority of which could be supported by anything rise bill 



Thos. II. Wl 

Chairman." 



Report of the Committer os Citt Seal, recommending 

A Xk\V DSSKHTi 

• «•••«*••• • 

'• Iii a former report made by this Committee, the different Seals which 
had been used by the City im described, and it was demonstrated that 
there had never been a It gully adopted Heul tt*ed by the City. 



U 0/ the City of Richmond, 



[January, 



juV 
*of 

■a 



u In the designs of these Uiree Seals there *u an approach to 1 
— inasmuch as all of them had a figure rcpresen' c as the lesuiing 

feature, and two of them had the same motto ; hut the difference* in the 
costume and position of the figure, and other features, were sufficient to 
prevent their being identified a- the same; and oveu without the**, the 
different dates on them, neither of whieh referred to any event connected 
with the kistorr of the City, would preclude the idea of continuing the 
same design. We, therefore, propose that the Seal of the I 1 be 

changed entirely, retaining only the motto, and making this aj.pl. .-aido to 
the rest of the design. On the moat beautiful and classical designs for 
seals and medals, we find a city represented by a female figure, awl we 
propose to have the Seal made after the sketch herewith presented, in 
which the genius of Richmond, as a female, dressed in classic owtumr, and 
wearing a mural crown, is seated upon elevated ground overlooking a r.' 
In bet l.tt band she holds a bundle of the prominent staple 1 -'ate, 

tobacco; while her right hand stretched out. points to iron v. ning 

and manufacturing operations along the banks of the river. '1 
points, as if. in the language of the motto freely translated, she said, ' This is 
the road to eminence.' 

" In the exergue we propose to place the words quoted in the ordinance 
offend, in which tardy justice will be rendered to the enterprising gentle 
man whose career as an officer of the Colony 1 », as a writer 1 

the patMl lft»gHs\ and n benefactor and patron of every enterprise far 
bene lit of Virginia, has had no superior, if indeed any equal, among 
contemporaries or successors. 

■ To remove all doubt in regard to the paternity of the city, wo quote 
the following passage from the writings of the ' Honorable William Byrd, 
of Westovi. ni Virginia, Esquire,' as he wrote himself. In his account 
of 'A journey to the land of Eden,' by which name he called bis property 
is North ( ';u "li mi. including a stretch of fifteen miles along the fertile 
valley of the Dun river, after describing the features and quality of the soS 
of the country which his party were exploring, while encamped near the 
present site of the town of Clarksville, in this State, and giving an account 
of bis operations duriug the day of thu 19th of September, 1733, ho saya: 

u 'After satisfying my curiosity I returned the way that I came, and shot 
the same streigbt back again, and paddled down the river to the company. 
When we got homo we laid the foundation of two large citya. • 
Sbacco's, to be called Richmond, and thu other at the Point of Appamstttack 
River, to be named I'etersburgu. These Major Mayo offered tu I 
into toti without fee or reward. The truth of it is, these two places being 
the uppennust landing of James and Appainattux Rivers, are naturally 
intended for Marts, where the traffic of thu outer inhabitants must centre- 
Thus we did not build castles only, hut also citya in the air.' 

"Aivordiii',' to promise, Major May laid nut the two cities, and In 1737 
a map of Richmond was completed, anil the lots offend for sale by lotted 
Subsequently the Vestry for Henrico Parish having asked Mr. Byrd for an 
acre of land on the south side of Bacon's Branch, on which to build a 
church,, he replied to their request in a very polite letter, in which, after 
staling hfa reasons for declining to grant their request) he Mf 

"'I should he very glad if you would please to think Richmond a proper 
place. 1 will give them two of the best lots that are not taken a\ 
besides, give them any pino timber they can find on that side Sh< 
Creek, and wood for burning of bricks into the bargain. 1 hope the 




1873,] \U of lie City of ^ Va. 69 

gentlemen of the Vestry will believe mo a friend of the church, when I 
make them the oiler, mid that I urn both their'x, 

•• Sir. and 

H Your mogt humble serv't, 

"W. BlRD." 

" When upon, 'It is therefore ordered, Thai the church formerly agreed 

to be built on the south side of Bacon's branch, be built on [ndien town, at 
Richmond, after the nine manner as in the said former agreement* 1 

•'Tins donation caujed the present location of St. John's Church, and Ibc 
burial ground around it. erhtel red by the dust of so many worthy 

reprc of the colonial and revolutionary period* 

"Previous to laying out this city he had erected and operated extensive 
iron works, upon wli.it. was tin » known a* Broad Rook bdaud, the 
ftmtldatian and pioneer establishment of those now enlarged under the Old 
Dominion Iron and Nail Works Company, with the name of the location 
changed to Belle Islo. 

"He also gave to the city a large amount of land on the banks of the 
river, Itetween twenty-second and twenty-fifth streets, for a Park or pleasure 
ground. 

" The name of no other man is so intimately and honorably connected 
with tin- history of tl is Mr. Byrd's. and yet With the exception of 

the name of one short and uuiupurtant street, his name has never been 
perpetu tt"'l hv any act of the municipal :uithorities of a city, which owes 
its origin to his enterprising sagacity. We propose to atone for this neglect 
in some degree, by making the Seal of the City perpetuate his connection 
whii Ik origin, by recommeudiug the adoption of the following ordinance: 

"As Oman 

"To Establish the Seal of (he City of Richmond. 

. Jk- it Or,!,,;,,,,!, That from and after the first day of October, 1872, 
the Seal of the City of Richmond shall bo represented by a design, within 
a citi quarter inches iu diameter, within which shall be 

represented a sitting female li-jurc, clothed iu classic costume, wearing a 
mural QBOmi ; ID her left hand a bundle of tobacco leaves, which rest upon 
her lap; at In I bet, a river flowing to her left, on the banks of which are 
shown iiiininy . ipcral inn*, iron works and ft steam engine, towards which 

in i extended right hand u pointed. Above her head the motto, 'Siciiur 

ild astrii,' and in uij :lii.i iiiHcliptlOB! 

"RICHMOND, VA^ 

FOUNDED BT 

WILLIAM BYRD, 
MDCCXXXY1I. 

in Roman character*. 



Tnoa. II. Wynne, Chairman." 



The Lippitt Family of Rhode Island. [January, 



THE LIPPITT FAMILY OF RHODE ISLAND. 

Communicated by Damei Bbckwith, Esq., of Providence. R. I. 

1. John' Lu-i-iit is the sixth name on a list of fiftv-two persons wli 

1638, had "homo-lots" in Providence, R.I*. Two years later 
(May 27, 1010), he signed a compact containing projHJsals fur a 
form of government : ami. in L647, he was on a commit too from 
Frovideuo-. wbiob. with other committees from Portsmouth, Now- 
port and Warwick, met at Portsmouth " for the purpose of organ- 
izing a government " under the first charter. He soou after 
removed to Warwick, R. I., where we find his name in lGJo on 
" Ye roll of Freemen." He had : — 

Ninuvnii, "died perhaps early." (Savage's Gen. Die.) 
Joh.y, m. Aim (irren 01 limvc. 

. Knowles, dau. of Henry Knowles. 
Joseph, "died perhaps eurly.'' (Snv.i Die.) 

ItzBKccA, m. first, Feb. 2, 1065, Joseph Howard ; and secoad, March 
19, 1600, Francis Budlung. 

2. John' (John 1 ) married, Feb. 9, 1665, Ann Green or Grove. He died 

almut 1670, for bil widow Aun G. Lippitt married, iu 1 

ird Sear]e, Jr. John and Ann had : — 

John, b. Not. 10, 1005 ; m. Rebecca Lippitt, his cousin. He was 
admitted a freeman of the OOlOQJ , 1090. 
ii. Moots, b. Feb. 17, 1668. 

8. Moses' (John 1 ) was one of the deputies for Warwick at the general 
assembly at Newport in 1681, HIM. 1G0O and 1698. He died Jan. 
6. 1708. ne married, Nov. 19, 1668, Mary Knowles, daughter of 
Henry Knowles. They had: — 

i. Mahv, m. John Burlingime, of Kingston, R. I., son of Roger and 

Mary IJurlingntno. Re win bon L0M 

ii. Manth v, iu. Th. m M Hurlingaine, brother of John, b. Feb. 0, 1667. 
iii. Rebecca, ni. John J Lipniu (John," 1 John 1 }. 

4. iv. Moses, m. Ann I'hillw Whipple. 

4. Moses' (.Votes* Joint 1 ) was horn about 1683; died Dec 12, 17S.1. 
and was buried in his own ground at. Warwick. Rev. James 
McSparran, D.D., preached a funeral sermon. He was admitted a 
freeman of the colony in 1704, and was a deputy to the general 
assembly six years between 1718 and 1780. He married, Nov. 20, 
]7i»7, Aim PliillU Whipple, daughter of Joseph and Alice Whipple, 
t.t 1 *r. ivideoce. She was a woman of herculean strength. They 
had:— 

5. i. 



fi. ii. 

7 iii 

8. iv. 

v. 



Moses, b. Jan. 17, 1700: d. Aug. 8, 1766; m. Wuito Rhodos. 

JnsntAii, b. Jan. 37, 1711; d. I77H ; m. WHtlnnn <h h\ 

OBEurroruxR, b. Nov. --".i, 1712 d. IW. 7. 17111 : n ue Hidden. 

JOSSTU, b. Sept I. 1715; d. May 17. 1783; m. Lucy Bowan, 

A.TV Piiiui-. b. A i - j!.". 1717 ; d. June 21. 1771; in. June 18, 1736, 

Abraham Francis, b. 1711, d. Oct. II, 170-1. He was the son of 

Abraham Frnivis <■! Bonton, ami " wit« reports! to tic In- i r to most 

of the land on whi< i M on ■.n»«l, hut iievei oliuiinml it." Ue 



was admitted a freeman of Warwick at the time of his marriage, 
and lived there during the remain lie was appointed 




1873.] 



Tlie Lippitt Family of Rhode htanJ. 



Captain of the 4th company in tin' Rhode I«lnnd regiment id the 
"OlillV ■• in 1775. He had do oblldi 

vi. Fhekuivb. I). March 31. 1720; in. flog. Id. 1713. Samuel Chaco, 
eldest son of Capt, John Chacc, of Newport, and Anne Arnold, 
dim. of Itenedict Arnold, Brat ftoranoi A Ins colony under the 
charter of Charles II. Samuel Cliaee wm b. J uk 30, ITS. They 
had ten children, the youngest of wham married her cousin, 
Thomas» l.i|.].itt (.Wph,* Moses. 4 Moses,* John 1 ). 

vi i. Mast, b. Dm. 9, 17-23; d. D«w. 13, 1773; m. Westrand (or 

a). Thej had n 

viii. Jons, I'-v.-Ji, lt:si I. Bepfc 10, HHL He, with Cnpt. 

Benjamin Oorton and Copt Thomas lirccne, wasa|>[> ointed bi the 
general Asavmhly, in 1772, to "manage" a lottery to raise £500 
K>r the porpOM Of building ■ wharf in Wurwiek. Bi in. Bethiah 
Rice, who died April, 1808, «t. 79. They had no chi> 

5. Moses' (Mum:*, 3 .1/o.v.i, 9 John 1 ), born Jan. 17, 1700; died Aug. 8, 
1788 J married, April B6, 17oi\ W.aito Rhodes, daqghtOI of John 
and Catherine (Homm) Hliodr-s, who was bom Dea 89, 171-1. and 
died Oct 13, 1708. They lived in "Warwick on a firm on Conuinii- 

cnt Point. They had: — 

i. Cathekink, b. Doc. 19, 1731 ; m. Donaldson and had children. 

ii. Moses, b. 173G: d. 17 in. 

iii. Wu. d. 1746 

i». Joseph, b. Ji Da 88, 1710. •!. July 39, 1758, on the coast of Guinea. 
Ho wa* a sailor, on hi* first voyage. 

?. Waitk. K. April 10. i Lug. 90, I7B5, David Arnold, son of 

Jonah and EHixabeUi (Vaughn) Arnold, They hiul eleven child- 

ren, "I i^htli of whom, Waile, WSJ the second wife of Thomas* 

l.ijipilt (Juhoph, 4 in '). 

Ti. Moses, b. Mav SB, 17-15; d. June 14, 1833. He was called " Moses 
of the Mill," because he owned the grist-mill built by Thomas 
Slnir >!■]. tin; lirst aud only one in Warwick, and ground corn for 
tin? whole town. Ho worried, 1708, Tnbitha Greene, b. 1760, d. 
Aug. 9, 1831. Tii-.v bad Dim child 

vii. Abraiiam, b. Oct. 88, 1717. He was ordained elder of the Baptist 
meeting in Warwick, .Sept. 7. 1"-J. In 1793 ho moved to 
Hnrtwick, Otsego CO., N. Y. He m. Ang. 8, ITTii. Sarah Arnold, 
il.in. of Caut. Jomah sod Mnplrt fBsmingtoo) Arnold, li. MnySJ, 
17 K d. 1 MB. 30, 1800. They una w hlk Ih bag in Warwick seven 
children. 

viii. Mary, li. June 30, 1749; m. Jan. 31, 1708, Caleb Greene, son of 
Kirliiinl sad Elizabeth (Godfrey) Greene. H« was a sailor, aud 
died at sen. 

is. Rkueci a, h. Aug. 11, 1751 ; joined the Shakers at New Lebanon, 
Culumbia co., N. Y., and died then-. 

6. Jeremiah 4 (.»/»«•*,» jVoxm," Jo/hi'), born Jan. 27, 1711; died 1776. 

lie was admitted | freeman of the colony in 17JJ, was a deputy to 
the geiuanl a.-M-mldy four, aud a^sL-aunt livu years; and was town- 
elerk of Wurwiek thirty-three years, lie lived ou his father's 
homestead in Warwick. lie married, Sept. 13, 1784) W eltbyan 
Greene. dftUghfeM OJ Uiehnrd and Mary (Curler) Greene, bom 
Feb. 17. 1710, <lied July 13, L797. Tiny had: — 
i. Asm-., 1>. Hot. 16. ITOi & Jam 8, ISM; m. first. Dot, Christopher 
Gneoo, llilip and Elizabeth (Wiikes) Greene, who was 

I riou gfatatod May 11. 1781, Tiny had three sons aud four daugh- 
ters She .John l^iw. 
ii. W»;..tiiv<n, li I7TI7 . d 1 73! I 



iii. Jk/ohiui, li. 1739; d. July 38, 1700, at sea. 
iv. Thomas, h. 1712; .1. Fob. I, I7frt, and was bariod at Major Clark's 
plantation, Deiuerara, British Guiaua. 



72 The Lippilt Family of Rhode Island. [January, 

T. Elizabeth, b. Not. 80, 1744 ; d. July 1, 1806, unmarried, 
i yi. Welthyan, b. March 15, 1740 ; m. Jan. 13, 1774, William Greene. 

, Tii. William , h. March 9, 1748 ; was an officer in the Warwick militia in 

1776. He m. 1786, l*atience East, who probably died soon after, 
.' fur he lived with his sister Elizabeth in Warwick. 

viii. John, b. May 15, 1750 ; d. April, 1797, and was buried on the coast of 
' Africa, lie was a sea-captain, and sailed to the East Indies. lie 

m. May 19, 1776, Anne Warner, dau. of Amos and Sophia ( UarrL*) 
I Warner. She died 1830. They had ten children. 

ix. Hosts, b. Dec. 16, 1752; d. April 11, 1833. lie was a merchant in 

Providence, and was engaged in the East India trade. lie m. Not. 
i 7, 1785, Eliza ' Lippitt (Joseph, 4 Muses, 3 Moses, 1 John 1 ) , b. Sept. 

20, 1760, d. Aug. 12, 1830. They had one daughter and six sons, 
I three of whom were graduated by Brown University. Brig. Gen. 

Francis James Lippitt, U. S. V., is the eldest grandson oi Moses 

and Eliza Lippitt. 

7. Christopher* (Motet* Motet* John 1 ), born Nov. 29, 1712; died 
Dec, 7, 1764. Ho moved from Warwick to "Lippitt Hill," in 
Cranston, where his father built for him a large house. lie 
married, Jan. 2, 1736, Catherine Holden, daughter of Anthony and 
Phebe (Rhodes) Holden, born Oct 13, 1717, died May 4, 1807. 
They are buried in the family grounds on Lippitt Hill in Cranston. 
They had : — 

Anthony, d. Oct. 23, 1751, »t. 13 years, 
i. Feexlove, m. March 22, 1759, Olney Rice, son of Randal Rice. 
ii. Mary, m. Thomas Rice, brother of Olney Rice. 

v. Christopher, Col., b. Oct. 28, 1744 ; d. June 17, 1824. " Col. Lippitt 
was descended from an ancient and very respectable family in this 
State, and had for himself acquired a high standing at the time of 
his appointment to the command of a regiment. He was a brave 
and energetic officer, prompt in the execution of all orders, prudent 
in his movements, and highly commended _by the commander-in- 
chief. After the time for which his regiment was raised had 
expired, Col. Lippitt returned to his farm in Cranston, and was 
for several years returned a deputy to the General Assembly from 
that town. In 1780 he was appointed Brigadier General of Militia, 
and commanded a brigade on Rhode Island at the time the French 
troops under Rochambeau were stationed near Newport." — Judge 
Cowell's Spirit of '76. 

Col. Christopher m. March 23, 1777, Waite Harris, dau. of 
William and Patience (Clark) Harris, b. 1755. d. Sept. 8, 1836. 
They had twelve children, six of whom are buried near their 
parents on Lippitt Hill. 

v. Catherine, m. Higginbottom. 

vi. Warren, d. Nov. 30. 1751, aet. 3 years. 

vii. Phebe, b. Dec. 6, 1749; d. Dec. 6, 1751. 

Tiii. Moses, b. Sept. 10, 1751 ; d. Dec. 15. 1844 ; m. Jan. 8, 1775, Anstia 
Holden, dau. of Charles Holden. He was an officer in the third 
company of the Cranston militia in 1780 and 1781, and received a 

Sjnsiou for his services at that time. He moved to Killingly, 
(inn., about the beginning of this century, and lived there the rest 
of his life. They had thirteen children. 
ix. Charles, b. March 2, 1754 ; d. Aug. 17, 1845 ; m. Jan. 12, 1783, 
Penelope Low, dau. of John and Sarah (Wickes) Low. She died 
Aug. 27, 1839. He settled in Providence after his marriage, and 
lived there more than sixty years. At his death he was the oldest 
man in Providence. He and his wife were members of St. John's 
Church, and, with most of their children, are buried in St. John's 
Church-yard. They had eleven children. 



LornoN, b. April 17, 1756; d. Aug. 18, 1841; m. April 8, 1781, 
Nancy Remington, dau. of Capt. Peleg Remington. She died Feb. 



1873.] 



Plymouth Shermans. 



73 



99, 1898. Ljudon Lippitt removed to Otsego ».. N Y , and 

afterward to Crawford Co., Tenn. They had three children. 

xi. Waterman-, h. May 2. 17B8. 

xii. Jojix, 1). Kb. 14, 1788; >i J.ily 10. 1830. Fie ww a privatr in t'nf.r. 
Dextor's company, in hi MlHMRi, during the vein 17«8, 

and was at the hattta of Trenton MM Princeton. Afita 
he kept a store in Providence. He married twice, and bar! thirteen 
children. Two only of these were boys, and they diod early. 

8. JosEra* (Moses, 3 Moses* John 1 ), born Sept 4, 1715; died May 17, 
1783. lie was deputy to the general assembly six years. He 
probably kept a store in Warwick. He married. Feb. 19, 1749, 
Lucy Iiowen, daughter of Capt. Thomas Bowen, of I "■■li< ■!.< •: li, who 
died May 'JO. 17'J.}, in her 72d year. On her gnreBtOM in 
Warwick is written: "Lucy, the truly amiable consort," &0. Tin y 
had:— 

i. Ann Francis, b. March 30, 1748; d. April I, 1887; m. Edward 

Ru- 
ii. Leer, b. Dec. 4, 1749; d. April IC, 1787. 
iii. Josbimi (Cnpt.), b. Sept. 27, 1751 ; d. Brat. 90, 1776. 
iv. BajuB, S Aug. 5, 1753; d. June 13, ! 
v. Marv, b. March 24, 17fi0 ; d. Oct. 1, 1778. 
yL XbHUB, b, Mn } 15, 17SH ; d. April 20. 1838 ; m. first. Eli/alieth Ohace, 

dau. of Samuel Ohaee ami Frcelove* bippitt (Mem,* MoflM,' 

John') ; second. Waits Arnold, dnu. of David Arnold and Waite* 

Lippitt (Mobct.* Moecs,* Moses, 4 John 1 ). 
Tii. Et.i/.A, b. Brat, OS, ITt.W; d. Aug. 12, 1830; m. Moses* Lippitt 

(Jeremiah, 4 Moaes, 3 Muse*,* John 1 }. 

$y litter generations of this family, communicated by tin ro deposited 

in the library of the Kew-Kngland Historic, Genealogical Society. — [EotToa.J 



PLYMOUTH SHERMANS. 

Communicated by the Rev. David Sukrmax, D.D., of Maiden, Ma si. 

The Plymouth Shermans are the d«M & WtUtUB Slicnu.-iii, who 

settled at Plymouth, .Muss., 1630-4, and iii li'.ln-l irinmi-ii to aCarshfiftld, 
which ha* continued (he I'.ouil', i\i! i , :: i .i.iy. Of this William m 
been able to h-.-ini imtliinjj previous to his emigration, not even the place 
of his residence, or the exact date of his leaving the old world. We first 
know him by his appearance among the, Pilgrims. 

Of course from the above remarks it uill Ikj understood that no connec- 
tion has beeu ascertained between this branch and the ■•'.:•■ ;it Dedhum, some 
members of which settled in liostou and vicinity, and of whom an account 
was given in the Register (vol. xxiv. 63, 15-5-61). That a connection 
exists is possible, and it may bo probable ; but wo have not been able to 
discover it. Future researches may reveal new fuels which will throw 
light on this question. 

Our knowledge of this emigrant is limited. Like many of his fellow 

Pilgrims he came to the new world poor and raj i: icd, but rich in good 

habits and puritanic virtues. The few public documents left to us signed 

bv him are signed with a cross. Wo have no knowledge that the family 

" Vol. XXVII. T 



y ltpnnutA Shtrmmu. 



c- 



bore a coat of armi. IIo probably belonged to the class of yeomen, thoogh 
a single document leaves it doubtful whether he came not a* a servant Into 
the r. linn \ . At all event* ho occupied do taeh promineiico among the 
Pilgrims a< did the Shcrmana at Massachusetts Bay. Thii di»iniilarity at 
aoaal position and cdaoation would seem to it the brautche* tn 

entirely d MMgh thii would not nece««arily follow, a* ercn b 

hmnches of high social position, members were linblo to mil into an inferior 
BIM 

But whatever may bare been the social standing of Willian *t* at 

migration, he mode a good record for himself nfter his arrival in Plymouth. 
Beginning in indigence, he was able by care and iadutl oouei 

thrifty husbandman and to leave to his cbil In n ■ rich inheritance of lands. 
Besides : i.nr.-hased at ! i others at Rochester, 

Mass., part* of which nre urill owned by his descendants. 

In old ago, blessed in his family and his possessions and honored by 
neighbor*, no died in 1679, and was buried in the familv grounds at ~ 

1. William' Shkkman in 1638 married Prudence Hill, and had: — 
8. i. John. h. 104R ; ilicd 1723. 
8, ii. William, died 1721. 

4. iii. Sami f.l, died 1718. 

2. Jons 1 ( HTftVwn') was a farmer of MarshuYld ; married Oct. 

Jano Hatch, of Boston, and had: — 

i. KrrniA, b. Aug. II, 1078; id. Israel TliouiM. 
ii. Am<; ail, b. March IS, 1671). 

5. Iii. John, b. Oct. 17, 1088. 
iv. HsJOrjJT b. April 29, 1685; m. Josia. 1 ! Holme*, of Rochester. 

29. 1721. 

6. r. Saw-el. b. Feb. 22. 1686; d. Sept. 7, 1725. 
vi. Deborah, b. Sept. 4, 1689 , . I »ine* Thomas. 
fii I^ois, b. Jan. 27, 1091 : m. Junes Dexter, uf Rochester, Ma-, 2 1. 
\iit. William, b. June 23. 1003. 
is. Branca, b. May II, 1696. 

3. William 1 ( Witliam 1 ) was a farmer of Marshfield*. Ho served 

tho war against EDog Philip, and while at St. onaswim 

of exposures and of witnessing the cruelties of that aunguj 
ilii<l". he became insane, a malady from which he appear* to have 
suffered during many months; and in consideration of tin.* affliction 
and of the wants of his family, the. colony afforded him 
£30 in 1675. Ho married Desire, daughter of John Phillips, 
and had : — 

i. Hawaii, b. Feb. 81, 1668. 

ii. BuSASKH. h. March II, 1670; d. IG9JJ. 

7. iii. U ilium, b. April 19, 1678. 
iv. Patikm< i:, b. Aug. 3, 1674. 
v. Eaperikxck. b. Sept. 82, 1678. 

8. vi. EmomsR. b. April M, 1680; d. 1759. 

4. Samuel* ( William 1 ) was a fanner holding a part of the horn< 

given by deed from his father before his death. In tho deed his 
father calls him "my noble son." Il<- married '.'■ i 'aggett. 

by whom he had three children ; and stroml, Hannah : — 

i. Sarah, m. Joaiah Foster. 

ii. PBrmmcR, m. 1775, Robert Cushman, who was 80 years of 
she was a " maiden turned of twenty." 




1873.] 



Plymouth Shermans. 



75 



iii. BraUDUV. in. Julm White, Feb. 18, 1700. 
iv. ELsVAB, b. Fi.-b. 00, 1688; m. Dotcu. 
9. v. SoirRL. b. Nov. 1. UWU , <). 1701. 
Ti. MAKT,b. Ort. I. I Ifcil ; unia. 

10. vii. Josuxa, b. Jan. 1. i 
fill, i ,b, Oi '. i. II 

ix. L'atif.nvk, b. March 1. HW8. 

11. x. Wtu.ua, b. June 1, 1699. 
id. xi. Unaaoa, 6. 1*00. 

13. xii. Calm, b. April I, 1703. 

5. Jons* (John? William*) was one of the first settlers of Rocli. 

mi bad purchased bv his fadier. lie married Sarah Baker, March 
26, 1712, aud had:— 

i. .Sau.hi, b. Aug. 15. 1714. 

ii. Jane, h. Oct. •.', 1710. 

..i. Aiu-R, b. J.ilvSI). 1719. 

iv. Jon, ) b. July 27, 1721 ; d. Nov. 5, 1B02. 

V. Aiuc.UL, S '>. " 

vi. Hcthia, b. Jan. 9C, I7YI. 

vii. VVaxux.b. Jan, 1 1,1720. 

viii. Loi*.b. Oct. 06, 1728. 

ix. Samuel, b. Jan. 2, 1730. 

6. Ramukl' (John* William'), also a farmer at Rochester, and wife 

Charity, had :— 
i. Buns* b. Jan. 13, 1734. 

7. William' ( William, 1 William* ) was a farmer at Marshfleld ; married 

Mary. dughttl of I'cregriuu White, Feb. '■), 1 097, and had:— 

i. Tiunkh i„ b. kptil I. 1000 : m. MB, Robort Atkins. 

ii. Sir.m. Ii. M;r, H, 1701 ; in. Aduul Lla.ll. 
iii. Ma&T, ? b, June 0, 1711. 
iv. Anm.Mi., $ h. " " 
v. Jous, b. July 1H, 1720. 
fl. Ami.um'. h.'l »(»!. 21, 1793. 

8. K I U:\K7. Kit' ( William? lYJIlimi, 1 ) M as nf M:lr' , m.-.l Si'pl - 1 *. 

17i>2, MargMBt, dau^lil'T i'f Valentine Decro,vrho died about 1800; 

1 1 1 ■ i in- married Batbsheba Ford, and had: — 

i. Blusb. b. 1709 ; d. 1723. 

ii. Hviukl, b. 1703; in. Seth Joicfl. 

iii. William, b. Feb. 27, 1704. 

iv. Euaaasra, b, Jaa. 67, 1900 ; m. WethoroU. 

v. Joaara, b. July 2S. 1700. 

vi. Aiiw.ui., I.. \)ec. 98, 1710; m. Carrcr. 

rfl. Calm. 

viii. Ki.ifha, d. August, 1797. 

IX. IbiHERT. 

x. EasicreEk. 

xi. LUruMimA, by second wife ; uiarried a Walker. 

9. Samuel* (Saimiel.' William 1 ) was a farmer on the homestead ; mar- 
liiii l'rl). 17, 172-1, Mary, daughter of Nathan Williuuiboii, aud 
had:— 

i. bwvrOfj b. Feb. 26, 172rt. 

ii. Mart, m. 1756, Jabci Waahbnme. 

iii Ni»»u. 

iv. Joseph. V. SaaiTEI.. 

vi. Sarah, m. David Lapham, 17W. 




76 



The Crane Family. 



January, 



JO. Jo»^^A.• (Samuel* WitUam* ) settled in Plvmouth, wife Deborah, and 
had:— 

i. Jo*rrr», h. .S-pt. 17, 173*. 

ii. NiTiuvia, m. Maria Clark, Oct. 19, 1768. 

FrnrfPfin 

11. William' (Samuel* William') leave* as no trace of himself, wit hoot 
lie ba the William who appears In Rochester and by Bethia 

(Haskell) Sbermau has a son William. 

IS. QtBaHOM* ( Sam til f WSkam 1 ) settled at Plymouth; married Sarah 
and bad ! — 
i. I.rrr, b. Jane 5, 1749. 
ii. Guishom, b- Oct. 8, 1711. 
lii. Sukau, in. 0»l>orae. 

13. Caleb* (Samuel' William') settled at Plymouth, wife Rel>eoce, and 
had:— 
i. Yoi.sc, h. June A, I7tfl. 

ii. Ron, b. Dae. 17. 1719. 
iii. lIjkN<r«n, b. Oct. 29, I7.il. 
it. 5*m»H. I>. Junr 27, 1753. 
T. Eluubctb, b. July 1, 1755. 

nr The Rev. Dr. Bbtmana' manuscript, deposited in the library or the Xew- 
England Historic, Ceneahyit-al Society, contains the later generation* of this family 
duwii to the sixth generntiuu. — [Eurroa.] 



TITE CRAKE FAMILY. 

Communicated hy the Her. Joxathax Casjns, of KaUmntoo, Mich. 

Tfie large number of persons, in this country, bearing the namo of 
Crane, are generally the descendants of some one of the five families that 
were known as early as the year H.f.li. I low they were related, and (ram 
what particular locality in England they came, remains yet to be learned; 
and iu the hope that soma progress may bo made in this direction the fol- 
lowing statistics are prepared. They are the best in our possession, and 
may need correction, being derived chiefly from correspondents. These five 
finnillw are represented by Jasper, of Newark. N. J. ; I" ojamin, of Wolfe 
crsileld, Ct.; Henry, of Killingworth, Ct. ; Henry, of Dorchester, M.^^ 
and Stephen, of Eiizubethtown, N. J. 

Jasper, one of the founders of Newark, N. J., is placed first, because he 
was evidently the eldest, having a family before he came to this country, 
and appearing in the Nuw- Haven colony as early as 1689. His eldest son 
John was born in 1635, and was a native of England. He had, beside John, 
threu sons and two daughters. His sons were as follows: — 

John, born 10S& 

Dnjvmth vt Djclivmunck, b. June IS, 1642. 
Aesrmii. b. 10t8 ; d. Nov. 3. 1790. 
Jasrra, b. 1650 : d. March 10, 1713. 

Qiadki Hannah and Merry were both mnrried, one in Newark, 

N. J., the other in Stamford, Ct. Of the sons, Arariah took a prominent 
pill in At Newark Colony and Church, having married a d.i 
Kobert Treat, who afterwards returned to Milford, Ct., and some of hi« 



1873.] 



The Crane Family. 



77 



descendant* settled what was originally called Crane Town, now known as 
Ml Clair. New Jersey. 

In the New-Haven Colony, a Henry Crane appears as marrying Con- 
currence, daughter of John M< i--. m 1668, and as one of the p 
of Killingworth, Cl His childrcu were eight, thrco son* and live daugh- 
ters, as follows : — 

Joiin, b. about 1604. Piiedk, b. Deo. 34, 1673. 

Elizabeth, 1>. lOfifl. TiiEuiiiii.t IS, I). Jan. 26. 1675. 

CbMOUnUMCB, b. Dec. 27, 1GG7. Auh.iul, b. April. Ifi7(i ; d. voting. 

Maar, D, Aug. 23, 1670. HntT, 1»- Oct. », Iff] 

The eldest son, John, married Martha Daggett, of Rehoholh, or Taunton, 
Mux,., Mai, '-'.'», 1 »;!l.». 

Not far from Killingvvmth, at Wethendield, Ct., wo find Benjamin ( 
who 1 1 1:1 : i : i -< I A|>ri] L'.'i. ! ■ • ■. Mary, daughter of William 15ack.ii*. of Say- 
l»roolc, Ct A doughl ■ i- of William Backus, of that period, man: 
Benjamin Crane, ami this i.< the only Benjamin of whom we have any 
knowledge, of n, and Lhoogh the name Brcck has been 

given by Savage, it was also expressed as doubtful. Benjamin Crane bad 
nine children, seven sons and two daughters, viz. : — 

Benjamin, b. March 1, 1056 : d. June 20, 1693. 

Jovsmur.b. Dec. I, 1668 j d. 1784. 

Joseph, b, April l, um ; d. Not. 8. 1707. 

John, b. Aprif 10, 1603 ; d. Oct. 23, HUH. 

Israel, b. Nov. 1, 1671 i d. April 28, 1707. 

Abraham, 1). 1008; d. July 5, 1713. 

J j, toil. Euzauictu. Maut. 

The second sou of Benjamin, Jonathan Crauo, married Deborah, da l 
of Francis Griswold, of Norwich, Ct.. Dec. 1!*. 1078, and died in Lebanon, 
Cl.. in 1735, having lived a number of ye.iib in Windham. His children* 
born botweou 1080 and 1700, wero: Jonathan, Mary, John, Hannah, 
Isaac, Josoph, Klizalwth, Deborah aud Abigail. The first three wero born 
in Norwich. There was a John Crano, of Do Dd ManM'u dd, who hi 

supposed to belong to thin family, but in what way doen DOt appear. His 
wife was Abigail, daughter of Pcler CYo.-.- v. ho removed from Norwich to 
Windham, in company with Jonathan Crane. The nainu of Deborah is also 
found, iu his family of children and grandchildren ; and bo far as wo can 
learn, the change Of name to Grain is confined to some of the descendant* 
of Jonathan, aud John, of Mansfield, if he is of another family. He was 
married Oct. 2'.', 1712, and had nine children. 11 vo sous and four daughters, 
beside one that died in infamy. They were born between 1713 and 1731, 
and their names aro as follows : — Abigail, John, Ebcnezer, Mary, Samuel, 
Hczekiah, Deborah, Daniel and Ku'li. 

The third son of Benjamin, Josoph Crone, married Sarah, daughter of 
John Kilbourne, Dec. 10, 1 lis 1, and his sou Joseph, bor 
the father of Joseph Crane, who migrated to Putnam County, N. Y„ and 
died Aug. 28, 1781, having eight children, five sons and three daughters, 
born between 1721 and 1735. To this family may be ascribed the i 
in some form, of Irving's fancy sketch, that has made the name Ichabod 
almost national, as connected with the Cranes. 

Hczekiah Crane, and Elishama Crane, mentioned in the history of 
Windsor, Ct., were sons of John Cmne, of Windham, CL, aud probably 
grandsons of Jonathan, second son of Benjamin Crane. John Crone, of 
Windham, married for his first wife, Sarah Spencer, SepL 1C, 1703, and 

Vol. XXVII. 7* 



78 



Tht Crane Family. 



[Jaooarr, 



for tits second wife, Prudence Belden, April 16, 1716, and bad cleraa 
children, six sons and five daughters, boru between 1709 and 1731. Their 
names were : — John, Abia, Eunice, Elishama, Sibyl, Hezekiah, Prudence, 
Lemuel. Hannah, Rhoda aud Adonijah. 

The next and fourth family we find by the name of Crane, is Henry 
Crane, of Dorchester, Mass, Prom the Book of Records, of Suffolk Co!, 
Mass.. book 17, page 193. we infer be had a large property, and learn the 
names of his children. The properly was divided among the children and 
ih: i-- mothei in-law. The names as recorded are: — Benjamin, of Taunton; 
John, of Taunton ; Stephen, of Braintree; Henry, of Dorchester; Ebenexer. 
of Milton : Anna, of Taunton ; Elizabeth, wife of George Townsend, of 
Taunton; and Mary, wife of Samuel llackctt, of Taunton. The fifth child, 
Ebenezer, was born Aug. 10, 1665, and the presumption is, that his father 
was a brother of Benjamin, and nearly of the same age. The eldest son, 
Benjamin, witb bis brother John, bought real estate in Taunton, Feb. 15, 
1 ''>-•'.•, aud the names Benjamin and John that appear upon th« records of 
Taunton, Dartmouth and Tiverton, were evidently of this family, and wa 
presume the Cranes from Berkley, Mass., are the descendants of Benjamin 
the son of Henry. 

The fifth distinct family we find, is that of Stephen Crane, of Elizabeth- 
town. X. .1.. who was in that town as early as 1666, which is the date of 
lliu origin of the town. According to Mr. Thomas O. Crane, of Perth 
Amboy, N. J., this Stephen married a Danish woman, ana came over in the 
Caledonia, that sunk in tin- A.uli- > harbor. Ho was born about 1620, and 
his children were: — Jeremiah, John, Daniel, Nathaniel, and probably Ara- 
riah. The children of Daniel were: — Datiicl, Jonathan, William, >- 
who was the father of Sea. William Crane, mentioned in Applelon's 
Cyclopedia, and the grandfather of Com. William M. Crane, formerly of the 
United States Navy. 

These fire families were in all probability closely related to each other, 
for they were virtually of the same or similar colonies, came over early in 
the history of the country, aud their descendants have revealed certain 
characteristics that would mark the families as possessed of a common 
ancestry, cither in one or two generations previous to their migration to 
this country. 

Yi-itors to Cologne, Prussia, are generally introduced to the chapel, for 
ancient relics connected with the church of St. Ursula, erected by John Crane, 
with the pictures of the birds on the ceiling, in reference to the origin of 
the name ; and the church proper contains a monument, erected to the 
memory of St Ursula, in 1643, by .John Crane, styled an ambassador from 
Holland to Prussia. 

The name Crane is found amonp emigrants from Ireland to this coun- 
try, but they only take the name in English for the sake of convenience ; 
their original being a different word, and having altogether a different 
signification. 

We presume Lhat the few families about Wi nil ham. Ct., in the fourth 
generntirm from Benjamin, who saw fit to cast off the r. fei 
and introduced Crain, did so from a prejudice against the bird; but oeaU 
they have seen the pictures of the Nnmidian crane, with its light tufts, or 
of the Siberian crane, as purely white, they would have discarded their 
repugnance to the species, and we should not find some of onr families 
divided in the mere orthography of the name, nor any discrepancy between 
the fathers and the children in the origin of the name. 



1873.] The Hayes Family of Conn, and New-Jersey. 



79 



TIIE HAYES FAMILY OF CONNECTICUT AND NEW-JERSEY. 

Communicated by A. C. M. Pexsijiotox, Brer. Col. U. 8. A., Capt. 2d Artillery, 
Brer. Brig. Qcu. C. 8. Vol*. 

1. Skrokakt Thomas 1 Hatkb married Elizabeth Peck, daughter of 
Joseph Peck, in Milfmd, (Vni... Oct. 29, 1677, by Major Treat, the 
magistrate, as was the custom at that date, ministers not having the 
right. They hail: 

2. i. Robeht, b. Sept. 30, 1679, at Milford, Conn. ; d. Oct. 29, 1730, at 

Newark, N. J. 

3. ii. Josr.ru, ) by second wife, dnu. of Robert Donison, one of the origi- 

4. iii. Tuohas, J rial settlers of Newark. 
iv. Elizabeth, in. Freeman. 

v. Hannah. 



2. Robert* (Thomas 1 ) m. Buuab 



no issue. He was a man of 



property, and some time before his death he provided that the Pres- 
byterian Church in Newark should have his home lot of four acres, 
including his residence, at the corner of Broad and Hill streets, 
where now stands a hotel. His brother Joseph owned property 
and lived a short distance above on the opposite side of the street. 
In a will made 1741), he (Robert) mentions hi* nift llumaband 
sisters Elizabeth Freeman ami Hannah Hayes. He gave tho equal 
half of all his lauds to his brother Joseph : tin- other half he gave 
to the sous of his deceased brother Thomas, viz.: Thomas sad 
Daniel. 

3. Joseph* (Thomat) m. Elizabeth Day. They hail: 

i. David, whom, and had : 1. Robert, who hnd John and Joseph. 2. 
David, who had David A., Ksther, xn. Tichenor, and Anna, in. 
King. 3. Joseph. 4. Mary Combs. 5. Aini/uil Pike. «>. Lydia 
I)i,jU. 7 Klisabeth Congar. 8. Rachel. U. Isaac, who had John 
and Oliver. 10. Masts, who had Jabez W. and George. 

Samvel, who m. So rah liruen, and hnd : I. Brutn, d. unmarried. 2. 
Phabe, m. Jabot Piereon. 3. Hannah, in. Samuel Congar (second 
wife), nnd had Samuel II., the librarian of tin; New-Jersev His. Soc. 
(office in Newark), and BrtUB II 1 flbi ah, w. Samuel Pennington 
(second wile), and had Jabcs P., Samuel U., and Alex. C. M. The 
la Iter hnd (second child) Alexander C. M. Pennington f the compile-], 
who m. Cinrn Miller French, dan. of Prof. John French, I) l>'. 
U. S. Military Academy, ante, vol. xxv. pp. 2D0 and 330. 5. 
Samuel, who had i Samuel, Sarah, Klizaboth and James. 

Joseph, no Issue. 

Martha, no issue, 

4. Thomas' ( Thomas 1 ) m. and had children : 

i. Thomas, who had : 1. John. 2. Hannah, m. Ellas Osboro. 3. Eliza- 
beth, iii. Henry Oshorn. 4. Thomas, a. 1814. 
ii. Daxixl, d. 1775, no issue. 

Sergeant Thomas Hayes in 1G96 was chosen by the town "to order the 
prudential affairs of the neck," i.e. the lands then lying in common, without 
division fences, east of the present line of the lSew-Jersey Railroad, 
constituting three (3) wards of the city. Jan. 1st, 1G9G-7, "The men 



80 The ILtya Family p/ Ctmn. and Sev-Jertry. [January, 

chosen to moke the town rate and to make assessments on UtoM person* 
that don't Ktva in l list of their estates are Joseph Harrison, Nathaniel 
Wanl, Seth Tompkins, Zopher I (each, ami Thomas Hayes." Seth Tomp- 
kins was the son of Deacon Michael 1 . who, before the settlement 

of Newark, secreted in his house at Milford the regicides Goffe and 
Whalley. In 1 0i>8 Thomas Hayes was "with Joseph Harrison, Jasper 
Crane, and Matthew Canfield to view whether Azariah Crane may hare 
land for a tan-yard ont of the rommuu anil in case the men above mentioned 
agree that be shall boi e rh« land, he, the said Axariah Crane shall enjoy it 
so long as he doth follow the trade of tanning." 

In 17**2 Sergeant Thomas Hayes and Ensign Elipbalct Johnson are 
chosen assessors for the south end of the town. It is a reasonable concla- 
sion that Thomas Hayes was an intelligent, respectable and influential 
member of the community. The date of his death is uncertain. Thomas 
Hayes witnessed a legal instrument iu 1712, — perhaps that Thomas Hayes 
who died in 174'J, aged ff& The alder Thomas was liring in 1705, when 
he took a share of land formerly of his brother-in-law John Dennison. 
There was a Thomas Hayes at Milford in 1G15 who came from V. 
field. Milford was settled in 1639 by people from Wetberafield and New- 
Haven. This was that Thomas Hayes who with Major Treat, Elder 
Bnckingham and L rler proposed to the town to build a fulling and 

saw-mill for the town of Milford. Perhaps this Thomas was tho father of 
Seryatnt Thomas. There seems to be some foundation for the tradition 
that three persons of the name of Hayes came to On as 

among the inhabitants of Norwalk in 1G51 were a Nathaniel Hates 
S i iii. I H lea. In 1694, Nathaniel, James and Samuel I lay*-*. 
I in Dana of Hajaa appears in Rev. J. Prudcu s list of scholars. It is 
probabla thai his children had only a commou school education. Joseph 
Hayes m. Elizabeth Day. Ho was living in July, 1777. By bis will of 
that i ives his sons David and Samuel all his lauds and meadows, aud 

to hi- lianrhlnr Martha all his personal estate, and directs that the estate 
left by hi« son Joseph be divided equally among the thn e. I ing 

\n from addon*! Amtnea» Epitaphs. Inter iptiotu, Ac: "Major SainneS 
I itn: from one of the original settlers of Newark, died on the 

1st of dune, 1H1 1, in the 83d year of bis age. lie sustained the character 
of an hflimt ""d well-informed man. At an early period he took an active 
part in the revnlui.iiui.iry struggle, and was a distinguished officer in the 
militia duriug the vrur v. ired to his beloved country the blessings of 

freedom and i ml.j ..-nil. -m-.-. In 17511 he was commissioned as a deputy 
surveyor foi I "a-t .l.-r»i y, :.nd, until disabled by paralysis, for half a century 
he traverued more Off less, Bergen, Essex and Morris, with his compass aud 
chaiu. la 1769 bo WSS tin.' urn-wr of :i ti'.-wl on a voyage to' ia, 

and subsequently nailed for other porta. He was one of three conuaiMioo* 
ers for forfeited estates during the revolution, and in the faithful d -charge 
of his duty incurred 'he disptoaoore of the royalists. In July, 1780, the 
refugees inrprilfld and look him from his house at night and lodged him in 
the Sugar BouM IB HoW"Ti irk, isd detained him some months, together with 
his fellow commissi ouer», r all atrocious rebels. He served the county aud 
town in various offices until 73 years of age ; a self-made man, stern, 
decided and energetic, His wife died June, 1803, aged 71. Thomas i I 
of 101.3 possibly was Sergeant Thomas Hayes, but it is doubtful, indeed 
improbable. 



1873.] 



The Hutchinson and Sandford Families. 



81 






THE HUTCHINSON* AND SANDFOBD FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Eiuot Samjtokd, of New- York, N. Y. 

Lv the record of the will of Samuel Hutchinson, as given in tho sixteenth 
Tolumr pf :li. Rkgisteb, [ -. ige 'I, there are some error* which must have 
been made by the clerk when he copied the will into the probate record*. 
An elimination of the original in the files of the court will disclose the 

mtrtilrtt 

The name of Elifal Hattou, should be Stratton. She wan the daughter 
of Gov. John Sandford, of Newport, K. I., and Mrs. Elizabeth ( Webl.) hi* 
wife, and was baptized in Boston, JX'cumber 1687, She was not murdered 
by tlie Indians with Ann Hutchinson in 1643, at Pelham, N. Y., as Savago 
relates, but lived to be mure than once publicly whipped with her step- 
im-ilier, Mrs. Bridget Phillips, and other Quakers, for indulging in certain 
vagaries of opinion and doctrine not agreeable to the magistrates of Boston. 
(Drake's Ifitt. of Boston, p. 429*.) Mrs. Stratton was the wife of Bartho- 
lomew Siniitoo, mariner, of Bostou, and died in Portsmouth, B. I., where 
her death is recorded January 18, 1724. 

Mrs. Bridget Phillips was tho daughter of "William and Ann Hutch- 
inson, ■ the prophetess of doleful heresies," and married, as his second wife, 
Governor for President) John Sandford. As to his parents (see Notts 
and Queries, 2d series, vol. vii. page 334), they had live sons : Peleg, 
William, K/Ikjii, Hestcomb and Elisha ; all of whom are mentioned in Mr. 
Hutchinson's will, and one daughter Ann, who died in Boston, August, 1 654. 

After the death of Governor Sandford she married circa 1058. Major 
William Phillips as his third wife; issue, four sons. Mrs. Bridget Phillips 
is also referred lo in the will of Mr. Hutchinson, but her name is incorrectly 
written, in the probate court record. Willis, and Mr. Whit more, in his 
pedigree of the Hutchinsona and Olivers, supposes that she had married a 
of Bridgewaler, not knowing how otherwise to dispose of her. 

When Mrs. Phillip-, died, bhe gave by will, dated Sept. 29, 1696, to her 
oldest eon, Governor Peleg Sandford, of Newport, largo tract* of land, 
which her husband, Maj. Phillips, gave her in his will (Suffolk Probate 
Records, Liber C, page 526) ; said lands now comprising tho towns of 
Sanford and Philu'pston, Maine. (Williamson's Hist. Maine, vol. ii. pace 
383.) 

Gov. Peleg Sandford married Mary Breuton, daughter of Gov. William 
B ronton. (See deed of gift of land by Gov. B ronton to his son-in-law, 
recorded in Taunton, Liber 5, page 536.) Issue, two sons: Peleg, who 
died 1702, aged 17 (Bridgman's King's Chapel Epitaphs), and William; 
and three daughters: Ann, Bridget and Elizabeth. 

William Sanford, son of Governor Peleg, resided in Newport, and there 
married, March 1, 1714, Grisclda, daughter of Nathaniel and Margaret 
(Steers) Sylvester, of the Shelter Island family of that name. Issue, three 
daughters : Mary, who married Gov. Oliver ; Margaret, who married her 
fourth cousin, Gov. Hutchinson : and Grisclda, who died unmarried. 

William Sanford was graduated at Harvard College in the class of 1711, 
and being the sou of a governor, and grandson of two governors, his name 
was placed, according to tho custom of tho time, at the head of his class. 
He died April 2-1, 1721, in the thirty-first year of his age. 




82 



i and Queries. 



[January, 



The Sanfonl coat of anna, as engraved I >in Sanfonl s gravestone. 

Mid also his epitaph, are in the Heraldic Journal, vol ili. page 62, bat his 
ry is iocorrcelly stat«L 

Hi- widow married Rev. Nathaniel Cotton, of Bristol, R. I. ('. 
1717). Issue, six children. After thu death of her second hiubni. 
17;{;». she resided in Boston. 

The estate of William Sanfonl was divided in 1736. It included, hy Um 
law of primogeniture, the real estate of his father, rmbraciiig six thousand 
acres of land in Maine. The deed of partition amoug his three daughter*, 
co-heiresses, by commissioners appointed by tho court, is recorded in 
Taouton, Liber 8, p. 370. The freeholder' of Fhillipstou and Sanfbrd, 
Me., trace the title to their estates through this deed. 

. Peleg Sandford was ap|H>intod judge of the admiralty court. He 
was living Dec. lGl'D, but tho time of ids death is not known; probably 
within the next three years. Roger Mompcssou was commissioned, in : 
judge of the same court (Judge Daly's Mitt. Court of Common IVe<u), 
with jurisdiction extending over Rhode Island. Con any one giro the data 
of thu death of Governor Sandford? 



NOTES AND QUERIKS. 

Drrcn Sctutakes. — Prof. Pearson, in the preface to bis First Stttlrrs of Albany 
County, gives *' A key to the Name* of Persons occurring in the Ksrfy I 
Records of Albany and Viciuity," which wc reprint below for the buuout of our 
readers:— 

" The h indent wlio KrsrcheK tl»- <-nrly Dutch record* meets with many difficulties, 
none of which are more vexatious than their penonnl names. 'I'm 
first settlers ordinarily used no surnames, some evidently bad none. In these oases 
individuals were often distinguished by personal peculiarities, trades, Ac., which, 
though sufficient lor the time, give litth: or no aid to one tracing the pedigre 
family. It is only after great familiarity with the early writings, snd a careful not- 
ing of the use of surnames, as they are sometimes subscribed to wills, conveyances, 
and other important papers, that any connection can be established between a first 
settler and his Inter dSSOsndanta. 

"But while many individuals had no surnames whatever, Apparently, a few families 
had two or more. Marcel is Janse Van Bommel was fanner of the burger and taps- 
ter's excise of liquors in Bcvcrwvck many years. Some of his child: 
celis as their ■urn.une, uthera Van Iveren ; without a knowledge of this • i 
would lie quite impossible fur bis descendants to trace buck their pedigree to him. 
A similar case occurred in the Albany branch of the Bratts. In the possn;:< 
from Holland, one child was bom at sea in a storm, and he wan named Sturm Van 
Derzce, which epithet he and his descendants have since used as a aurntime. 

" It was ii i in for the name individual to have two or more surnames, 

and to use them mditlen -nily. Jan Karen ts« Wemp fWeniplc] was soiu< ' 
called Poeat: he had h mill 00 Poastsn HI, which perliajw derived its name from him 
rather than from the Dutch wold poesten. After his death, in 16C3. his w idow Mur- 
ine Myndartss morried Swear Teunisc. He bad two surnames, Van Velsei 
Van W'cetbrocck. Jan Fort, of Nisknyuns, had tho following aliases : Jan La i'urt, 
Jim Viiudervort and Jan l.il>lnrtee. 

" The change in the spelling and pronunciation of names is likewise a sourco of 
considerable embarrassment. Who would recognize the ancient Du I 
nounccd Du Troo) iu the modem Trunx, or Itaiufil.s in Bovie, or Uarroia in Ifcirro- 
wsy, or, finally , the familiar name of Jones in such laughable disguises a« TSans, 
TJans and Sbiiwua. Tbo sv.-tcm ol nomenclature in common use among the 






1873.] 



Nota and Queries. 



83 



Dutch settlers consisted in prefixing the child's to the father's Christian name, ter- 
minating in se or sen; In baptism bol »no name was UBunlly gtvan ojttk 
was used by custom in nil enscs, and in the ah-* DO was sometimes 
adopted M mii'Ji. Thus the ehildn ii ill " Kut;;t-r .f.ifuleM n (Van .' 

i were respectively Margaret R> •! Rutgers and Damon R 

and Rufgcrt wm subsequently assumed as the family name. The two suns I 1 1 j • ■ 
first settler Wynnnt Gcrritsc (Vnndcr Pocl) were Mclgcrt Wynanlsr mi I Urn it 
Wynanlsr. The first settler Hansen Tdaaoo Hun (Vans Atnersfart) had a son 
named Tomn* Uar m m t t , and a daughter VVyntie Harmtwe. The first settlors 
Philip and David Schuyler, were more commonly called Philip and David Pitterst, 
being sons of IVn i S imyler. 

•' ()cr,.-iiiii:ilh two |i:iir.iiivrni.m \vrri» used, as Bum*] Samuelse Brett ; 

i. e. Samuel Bratt the son of Arent, who was the mm of Samuel. The use of Hur- 
names gradually increased among the lint, D Ir MB tin time the Province wh 
pied by the Bogllah, in 10<»4, and aftat the Iir*t quarter of the following centm 
names mn written without the addition of n family name." 

On» Revomttioxahy Remcs.— In mm instancy, states, towns and cities hnvo 
bought, and taken pains to protect from spoliation, the relics of the revolutionary 
war, and they have done this at the prompting of a truly patriotic, Ittd reverent 

Shit. They would remind the living and future generations of the farm— 
at was paid for our national liberties. Indeed, it. may he truly said, that any 
people which fail* to commemorate, or hold in respect, the ''hid iveritsaadnVMi 
id their history, shows that their degeneracy has already begun. 

On a recent visit to Crown Point we saw that n railway track had been laid 
through the mini Of the old fort, and that a largo part of tbo earth-works ivm I fori 
li.ii U en carried away to fill up an adjacent causeway. 

It in a mutter of ii.-t<»iufhmmt that the state, of New- York has not bought these 
ruins, and those of TicondeMga, and preserved them from destruction. Such ruins. 
saturated with patriotic. blood^SDOOM bo sacredly nnudad, mill rlii n.-L( il ttitb all 
tbo tetidi-r carefulness which gratitude and pate i inspire. If tbui pre- 

served and eared li>r during ihepnseiit century, doubtless succeeding generations 
would hold them in still higher esteem, as the indisputable memorials of the D 
early history ; and so they would continue for ages, perhaps, to be inspircrs of |>nt- 
i the hearts of those wlio should visit them.— [Kwitob.] 

Washington- IavrNo's Graw..— It wn» Irving'* request that no ostein 
mm nt, but only dimple head and foot stones should mark his grave. Was it be- 
CKUM he bad a presentiment that relic-hunters, — than modern Vandals,— would 
desecrate his grave ', If bo, his drenrn is realized. The Vandal* have ruin, d bm 
stonealready. Whoever could perpetrate such an act is insensible touli 

[Editor.) 

Wit.i.iam SirmvAN ami the Rev. Fbancis IIigoinson in Leicester, Exoi.aj.ti. — The 
following fitr.ii't I'nnii u letter to me, dated Mnrch 25, 1870, from the Rev. Thomas 
W. Davids, of Colchester, England, contains some interesting |mrticulnxs concerning 
one of the chief supporters, in Leicester, England, of the Rev. Francis Higginson, 
of Salem. Maw., whose memoir, by the Rev. Dr. Felt, may be found in the Register, 
vol. vi. pp. 105-127:— 

niong the State papers at the Record office (Dom. Scries, Charles I. IXECtUi. 
13), is one relating to several Bon£Onfbtuiiata, William Sherman, oi It ioester, being 
one of them. The date is alter An COt, LflBv. It appears that he was favored by 
hi). Williams, and his case is referred to as an example of that prelate's laxity. 
W illiti.ui Sherman and others had informed against Mr. Blunt, vicar of St. Marga- 
ret's, in that town. To this IShmt. replied tlmi. Sherman and the NBt MOV | -n riliins, 
whom he would not spare in their Irregularities, being rurrogute, and tint they were 
keepers of conventicles. He adds that Sherman and his fellows knelt bofore and after 

£e communion, but stood up while eating ; and be pray id that the bishop would 
terfere; but he took no notice. 

1 1 also apiicnrs that Sherman and another had got into the Court of High Com- 
mission for divers inconfonntties, and were principal ringleader! in such dividers : 
and that they were the means of introducing Iligginaon to Leicester, and contriluit- 
.-,1 bo bit Mpport there. One particular alleged against Sheimau Mure the Court 
of High Commission, was that he and one Miller had setup some one, whose name 
I cannot read, to buy the vicarage of St. Nicholas for Higginson, " a notorious in- 



84 



"iota and Quenetm 



[January, 



conformist." and contributed ranney for that porpose. Sherman escaped from the 
court through Williams's intercession, ilc then " returned with gmt rejoicing: on 
the part of the puritans of the towns." At tl*o liatrnf the paper, there bad mm 
several conventicles in Sherman's house, which Higginson ased to frequent. Sher- 
man is described a* a man evidently trusted in the whole neighborhood, and of some 
influence, who bad successfully pleaded with Williams for the release of some non- 
conformists from the Kc cl s sia aUcal Court." 

The lU-r. Mr. Davids queries whether the above William Sherman nay not be tbe 
person named in the following extract from the Massachusetts Oniony Kconrds, ml. 
1. p. 25, under date of 86 February, 1098 (-0] :— 

'• W' Sherman bath liberty for* U dsics to fecb his keynes in Nurthoinpt., near* 
ferry." 

Dr. S»vage (Gentalogitol THctionary, iv. *,'•) thinks that the owner of the cows 
may be Uw William Sherman who subsequently settled in Plymouth, N. E.. a ff*> 
nealogy of whose family, by Kev. Dr. Sherman, is printed in this number <>( the 
Kbuistkr. pp. 71-6; bat if, as Dr. Sherman aaserts, the Plymouth settler wna 
"poor and unlettered," and Rer. >lr. DarkU'a conjecture be correct, this was 
probably not the case. John Ward Dean. 

Parsons.— Can any one give ue the date of the birth of Philip Parsons, who 
was of F.nfirld, Conn.. 16H0 or «.»7. and still living there as late as 1713 ? 

His wife Ann died 15 July. 1752. Who were his parent*? 

Joseph Parsons, son of Joseph and Abigail (Phelps) of Wert Springfield, was 
born, as by Springfield recoids, 1700. Dad he descendants ; and if so, where did 
tbev settle? 

W bo were the parents of Moses Parsons, who bad a too fare, of Ludlow, Mass.? 
Ezra died in 1800. 

Joseph Parsons and wife Kliwibrih (Wheelwright) dnu. of the Rct. John, of 
Boston, had sons: Joseph, b. 18 August, 1007 ; and Wheelwright, b. 10 
1674. Is anything known of tbeir descendants ? 

Jnhea Parsons, B. Enfield. 1 March, 1730, and Noah, b. 6 February, 1734, son*, of 
("brirtopber and Mary (Pew) Parsons— did they leave descendants ?— if so, where 
did they set 

Daniel 1 Parsons and wife Mary had a son Benjamin, b. July, 1799, in Enfield, 
Conn. Wc should like to obtain information concerning his descendents, or those 
of the. other children of Dud 

Jv plies are respectfully solicited, which may be addressed to the subscriber. 
David Parsons' Holtok, M.D., 

148 East 78th street, New-York. 

Morton— Saftord.— (Register, Oct., 1872. p. 445.) In record of children of Jo- 
seph', in 14th lino of page 445, after the words " William Saxton, the sub . 
thm nkeu-h," insert " Jowpliliw Basso's, married Nathaniel Foster Saflord, of Dor- 
Chester." The entire poragraph will then read as follows .— 

Joseph*, b. Aug. 0, 1764. d. Oct. 13, 18J3. had Mary Hersey. mar. George 
Thompson ; Joseph Ephraim, deceased ; Willinm Snxton. deceased ; William Stuton. 
the subject of this sketch ; Josephine Eugenia, mnr. Natlinniel Foster hnffonl, of 
Dorchester; Sarah Bradford; Caroline Stiinaun, deceased j Abigail, deceased. 
Child of Nathaniel F. and Josephine Eugenia Saflord, Nathaniel Morton Snffurd, of 
Dorchester. Nathaniel P. Saitord. 



Washington's Liseaoe.— [The following is admitted as one of the " cariosities " 
of history. It will not effect tbe credibility of the statements heretofore rai 
the nbjecfcof Wasb lag t O O'sbirthplu. by Washington himself, by Sparks (Zi/ir 
of Washington, vol. i. p. 54.0-51), and by Geo. W. P. Custis (ante. vol. xi. p. 3*). 
In addition to these statements we have the record in the family Bible, aid to be m 
the handwriting of Washington, which record and tbe family tr 
statement* aliove referred to and based thereon, moat be taken as conclusive on the 
subject until better documentary uruuf is offered to tbe contrary. 

We take the liberty to cordially invite Cnl. Chester, of I»ndon, to fulfil in the 
pages of the Heuiktkr the promise implied in his interesting article on the Washing- 
ton family, ante. vol. xxi. p. 95. — Editor.] 

11 The entire demolition of the now" [once] " universally received pedigree" of 
tbe American Washington*, by Col. Chester in the Rraisra for Jan. 1867, seems 
to invite the registry in your pages of whatever may bear on the question of Gen. 






1873.] 



Kotet ami Queries. 



85 









Wspliin-ttinV nativity nn«! family, eupwinlly of atntements pu!.ii*!u«l in hi 

time. In a sketch ot Gen. Wn«h in uton.puWabtdlo London, f?8] L783, bj i.')imle« 

Arnold, Esq.. late of Philadelphia,' he mm: 'I mm] Putnam bad 
In the notion al Hunker "a Hill ; but the principal dependence of the colonists was 
liem-rnl Washington- .. .Thi* gentH -man's family wnsm asoaad* 

. but ramuvtd to Coventry, where Mr. Washington wna 
born, the 3d of Beptenber, 1 7 •_' T . His mother w«adew».TnlMl front (Jcne- 

raJ M ni;, afl stated Duke of Albamarla — Washington wi>» private vol- 

ume, r in U .., nt m 1746; he served ngninst tlio rebels, uml 

travel I: mntriea ; but vrhen the war broke out, in 1755, he croK 

Atlantic, and became a MajoroT tot prorlnofail Ibroai i Intt the. Proocfa la 

•». Itaat length obtained a. regiment, tbaja; but urban m »•<■ wna oonolnded, 
retired to cultivate an estate which he had purchased in Virginia.' ' 

J. W. Thornton. 

FWt Cnnn named roa Georob Washington m NEw-K.vr.t.iNn, — (From the 
Upland Chronidi »r the Baaaa Gax4ttt t vol. riii. No. 
July 87, to Thursday, Aoguai 3, 1776.) " Camtridoi , AmbiM 8,— La*1 Sabbath a 

child of Col. Robin&jn, of ^DnrchrsUT. wns hnptixc*! by the Iter. Mr. Dunlur, ol 
BtoflgfatOn, by the name of (jeorob Washington." 
(Judy.— Is. anything known of the hi.siory of thia child? G. II. PniMJC 



Rivrs. Tub IJox. William Ca- 
bsll.— Grace Church, county Alba* 
marie, Va., stands near the resi- 
dence of tin- lulu William ( '. Rirra, 
to whom liberality, nnd tho devoted 
zeal and untiring energy of Mrs. 
Rirce. the good people of that vicini- 
ty are mainly indebted for the im- 
poeing and Hiilwtnntial structure in 
which they arc privileged to aaeem- 
bio for Divine worship. 

In this church there haa r. 
been placed nn appropriate mural 
tablet, The admirable inscription 
ia published under tha persuasion 
that it will provo very' acceptable to 
tbe many, at homo and abroad, who 
rerered and loved the deceased, and 
that all p£ cultivated ta*te will es- 
teem it as a model of montuncnUd 
record. 



IN memort 

Or ONE Or THE FOCKDKBa 

WIT.MAM CABEI.I, RIVES, I.I..D., 

STATESMAN, DIPLOMATIST, HISTORIAN, 

noax 4th mat, 1703. 

d:eo 25th ai'kil, 180B. 

rviTiM: a CLUB «XD r\v.\< 3001 i\t» i.i.i;it, 

A COURAGEOUS AND CENKK01S TEMPER, 

WITH SOl'.VD LKAB.M 

AND COMMANDINO KLOO.IENCBV 

nR won a nnuaaunan nta 

AX0X0 TTK rORKMOST MIX 
WHOM VIRGIN! 
TO THB SKKVHK OP THE Cut NTRV ; 

emu: '!►: MHiKD bOtOtt TO HU talkxt* 

nr tub pi-RiTr aad maaxt 

or ins rLiii.ic (akkkx, 

AND ADORNKU HIS PRIVATB LIPB 

WITH ALL TUB VJRTFR3 

WHICH OIK <1KA< »: Till, i ■imkutCE 

Or HUSBAND, rATHBtt, ITU. 

AND CHRISTIAN. 

"Bftsted are theikad whkhdkin thtLORD." 



A TRtroLixs Nkcro Slave, Prize to the U. S. Ship Constitution— 180-1.— [Tlie 
following is » cony of n paper found omongthe papcrsof Commodore Preble. Can 
any one explain the transaction here referred to J W ho wn* ' • ( Jim . I > > ■ m '! ' '— Editor.] 

".Sy. I -ill. 

"Baoafrad from tha castle at Syracuse, ono Tripolinc negroe Slave, prixc I 
l chip OonatUation nnd shoon''. Entetpriae, captured oil* 'Iripoly 
S3d "I December, 1ho.'J, in aha Ketch Ufaatlm. alnca caJlad tba IntrapMi— Wbioh 

I promise to return ngmtiiblu to the order of the commanding oiliccr of the 
L in led States rcascla of war stationed in the Mediterranean. Geo. Dr. 

Vol. XXVII. 8 




86 



Noto and Queries. 



[Jai»uarr, 



or HnirxNODcrtorTintCwminSTiTn I 
j We tiave received tlie fallowing circular, and shall be happy U> 1* a r. 
of conveying to Mr. .-Ninwden any comuuukaliima designed for uita in respooso lo 
(li>- following appeal. 

•' I have, ut the | i li-.ti.rica] Society of Pnanaylvania, undertaken lo 

prepare a uieiuoir for th« National Centennial ' noon the precise time. place a 

l a of the composition, adoption , signing and promulgation of tlto Dcclaratioa 
of Independence-' 

In order that this work mny be prepared in a creditable and acceptable manner, I 
bare deemed it proper to invoke the assistance of my fellow -citizens in oullcvting 
materials t 

1. Persona vrbo may hare in their po a acaaion any letter*, diaries or other manu- 
scripts relat in ..' to toil "object, wilfreoder a public service by sending me copies of 
such papers, or by giving a reference where they can be examined or obtained. 

2. I will also esteem it a faror to he referred to any published hook, par., 

or paper, which may be uaeful in the diaclmrxe of the duty aaaigncd mc. I uuvka 
thin n.-iueet beeausesome publications, especially those of a local and personal char- 
acter, mny escape my notice unless my attention is called to them. 

3. 1 intend to embrace in thi* memoir a notice ol historical places and obJMhl 
connected with the composition, adoption and promulgation of the Drclurat 

i example, the house where it was written, the desk used by Mr. 
Jefferson, the table upon which it was signed, the Hall of Congress, the chair of 
Hancock, the bell of liberty, Ac. And, oa far as practicable, to notice the places of 
abode of each member of the Committee of Independence, nod of each member of 
tin- Congress of 1776, while sojourning in Philadelphia Information on thws , 
will bo grateful l- . and any engravingA or drawings of person 

i ii fly acknowledged. It is intended to illue- 
trnUi the work with pictorial representations of historical places, and of persona and 
objects connected with the great event to bo commemorated. 

•j. Copies ol lh< Declaration ol [ndepandence weresent by ordarof tl>e I 
neotal Congress, under date , to the several assemblies, ooorei 

;.. mittens of safety of the thirteen states then declared five and mdopeii 
and to tho several commanding officers of the continental troops, with instmi 
that it ' Ih pTOolainwd in each of the- United States, and at the head of the army.' 
In Philadelphia this order of Congress was carried > iDClfof 

JSnfety. on the nth of July. at twelve o'clock, at which time the Declaration was 
u)d proclaimed from the building in Independence Saoare, which bad been 
in i"i''. »s an observatory to notice the transit of Venus, It wall be inter- 
esting to place on permanent record the time and place of the promt t inde- 

pendence in the other states, and by the commanding officers of toe continental 
boons. Information on .iecta is also reapo tioily bunked. 

\nd flJBfTll je» Sly infonnstlon, paper, miuniser.pt. or engraving, wb 

fermane to the sol in meattancu, will bo thankfully received, and v. 

uly acknowledged in the work which it is my intention to prepare, if life and 
health permit. Jasis Ross Ssowok;. 

Pfal . | tyuit 28, 1871 (.Vs. 7 State House)." 



W isiiington— TnonvroN'si Lira. — •' A | true and null" ntkl I HiMorv I of His Ex- 
cellency | George Washington | . . . By the Reverend Mr. fnotnae Thamtoo 
Philadelphia . . . 1700,"" begins with toes* words : " Notwithstanding it ha« 
been asserted with oonfidenco, that Ueueral Washington was a native i 
certain it is his ancestors came from thence to this country so long ago ns tie 
1057. He, in the third descent niter to i„n, »hh Uim on the Hth 

ruary fold stylo), 1788, at the pariah of Washington, in Westmoreland 
Virginia • ■ • tbelirst fruit of a second inarriup' J. W.I'uokm' 



) were the parents (and what were their antecedents) of Rclieccft 

trreUboro' (Shoo), Maine, who married Joshua Pi! 

ition ol puhliV ed n Newbury. Pre. 20, I7B3, and 

I no loin .1 •— / . ... ^ n . . t 



WillTTKN. — WbO 

ton. of Pcpperrcl 

1 1 1' 1 1 1 1 , ' i III lot* , p. uinuntKi i. ,, . | ■..■•I i , ,i > i ... . « i •> . mi i ^ , , 'i • . wt. , . , . ■ 

ebc died in Newbury, June 28, l-l'.i, aged 77 (gravestone). The records ol 
make nomention of her fumily. J. il. Oraduukt. 

Ipswich, Mass. 







1873.] 



N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 



87 



AxctENT Town Records or CoxxMrrrctrr— TncrR Preservation-.— [By chap. ex. 

ii"-' -in Ht. inuavd in the year 1870 
ia iuu'li- for the preservation of the ancient rceoi- -tutc. W« print 

the act, in ho'w that it tuny lend other legislatures to do the. mtuo. They cannot 
move loo rapidly in this direction ■•• th»j would aave the old reoorde. — Bsrtoe.] 

"Sec. 1. It, nlmll be Um ■ I ■ i i > '-I tin- tOWB oh*, k, in etch town in this Mate, having 
manuscript volumes of town records, oonlainiog entriei i rotaB, villa. 

orjodi-ii! i i made prior to the jtmr 1700, to cause conic* to M n 

■ h entrWt, Iq« I nglbla band, to the aatiafeotfoa ol tbeatato librarian ; 

trantmH aid OoplM I i llbnruUI OB or Ijcfora the fourth day of July, 

1871. for preeerrniiiin in the Matt library. 

" BK •!. It ibail be the duty ol tin.- state librarian to procure and furnish to tlio 
town sJtrka of I be Batata] towns above referred to, suitable blank hooks, subsi I 
ly bound, in which to make said Copies. 

"Sic. 3. Am soon as any book containing such copies shall be received and np- 
pnprad bj the state librnriun, he Khali give to the town clerk from whom he shall 
nave received the same an order far such sum as said librarian may deem a renauna- 
blc cvunpcnsntion fur making said copies; and the comptroller jh hereby tntl 
to approve and allow nil oraareao (rlvea, and aJaaaoeh FortberaoooaDtaianId Mate 
librarian may contract In procartna had Eumiabing the blank-b,x>kii d<w.-ribed iti 
section aeoood, and to draw upon the state treasurer lor the jxiyment of the same. 
•proved, July 16th. 1870." 

Cl'kkiui.— Samuel Currier, of Haverhill, who married Mnrv Hardy ajxml 

■ad by his dctwndnnM to have hren a HO of Richard OaTtier, OMOl tha 

early inhabitant* of Salisbury and Aineshury : bat be ir DOl auctioned in Richard 
Currier's will. Is there any evidence tending to prove this n- inaction ' 

J. M. UkAliULKV. 

KlTTKRV. — Where does the narnc nf the town of Kittery, Maine, come from, and 
when was this name lirst applied to that town? c. W. T. 




NECROLOGY OF X. E. HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Pltpand 'iy the BAT, Dome Clakkk, D.D., Historiographer. 

Jasmin n Pbahoiit Jewett, M D.. of L»w !i. tn :mber, died in that 

33, 1870, irt 88 Hewaaaaonol Dr Jeremiah and Mr*. [Vmpr-nutce 

i.) . I. writ, ol R-irn-4te:iil, N. II., and was Ixirn in that I iwn, Feb. 84, IrtilH. 
Cher, a native of Rowley, U Dmamer Academy,' 1 

u with Dra. Torrey and SpoJFurd, of Rowley, and in 17'J-J i Iturn- 

fltead, where he began the practice of I r'or n oiiniin ol 

he wua the only ])hy>iei^n in ilie plaoe. He died thara Apt 18. aged 79. 

I ant i.e. was nsi>ter of Mrs. Judith (Dodge) Pesit ' :l mother 
of Mr. Qi irca Pv ibody, thi eminent philanthropiat. See wna born April i 

I in Km II, 1879, agad 100yean7moaitba. The paternal de- 

scent of Dr. Jewett is said to DO from Joaonfa Jewett. an early Battler Of Row ley. 

The aubJMtofthii notice studied moilicinc with hia fntin-i . .i ml. fur a year or 
two, with Dr. Jrremiiih Sijilfird.of Groteuutd, M»". In : m mux lKtl-2 he wna 
lent in tiieiiiedii-.il aejmrtmenl of Deri south OoHege. under tbe 

nd Oliver. He received the degree of . M.I i. tram that college. 1830 
In March, 1833, he settled in Lowell a- iao. For imuiy J 

Oumner of thi i ity ol bnv,-!l. and in IH:'>.". wn« ;i repn seal ktiva ol thi 

• MaiainTiiimlui laniwliliiTW Da waa a iellow of tha Maseaobuaetta Modii il 
i for a consiilcrable timepre-.iilei,i of the kbdioal Soaifl •. of "thi Mid- 
dle^cx Diatrict." 

The -l^eii-e of which he died wn- ilrnrMV. His health had lieen 
the autumn of the year IWl-S, £ 1 i -t faneni! was attended on the -.'Tih d June, Io70, 
by a large concourse of people. He was Interred m the Lowell center- 




88 



K K. Hiitoric, Genealogical Society. [January, 



Dr. Jewett man i-iotais, of Windsor, Ct , hv whom l»e had 

thr fol iuin ' — 1, Ijnijui "... 9, Jlcnntlfa A ' 

fwpA Z>. ; sad 5, .4/i« 4. 
lie left nt his ilwmw a mumwr. of Bsratead, N. II., which has since 

ularged, and in 1872 was published in a duodecimo of *M i*>gO*t 
•rly, Esq., ol the Middlesex l*r. 
was admitted a resident member of this society July 1 1, 1865. 

RflT. Ki jik-vim AuDOT.a corresponding member, wm born in Newcastle, 

• n hi* 
^r. lie waa the oldi 
llillj , bj bifl will' Sarah, daughter of Daniel and Ruth (Morrill) Brown, of ilruus- 
w ick , Me. ; and a <l«Mceaduiil in the 5th generation from George 1 Abbot, of Andover, 

und Ague* Chandler, through Thomas* by 
wife Hsnnsh Ore*; Benjamin, 1 by w. Hannah Abbot, aii>l Betij iiuin/ 
father. His jwrents removed (ruu Newcastle to Alna, Me., ai 
X. II. After stadg in^ under the Her. Asa McFarland, and nt Exeter Phillips Aeade- 
inj, he entered Harvard Oallagyj in 18ft?. und graduate) in 1606. !!•- w»- 
u wa-1 iwn, Has*., froi 1808, when be entered the Theo- 

logical Seminary in Ando\..-r, and graduated with its first class iu 1810. II" was a 
missionary to the Indians in Eastern Maine, from Jane, 1811, to May, 1819 |. reached 
as stated sutiply in I ioreotrj .Ct., 3 num., and was agent of the Ma- 
in Rhode Island nnd N'cw-llnnipshiro till I ngvaar. On th 
•« ordained pulor of the Congregational Church in I 
1 -.ml. N. II. i »:■ the 1*1 ol December, 1825, he 
Academy, newly established in Ureenuo. 

the church. In the autumn of 1 82*. he dissolved his connection with both parish 
and i '•■!■ iv, nnd removed to Westford, Moss. In Xorember he becsm 
<•! \\" . - 1 1 ■ ■:• i . and held the position nearly nine yean. La May, 1831, in 

eonnenioed sopplying the pulpit of the First On 

inued to do SO till 1839, Ilea;,; 
1815. In the lull of 1818, having recently lost the greater part ol his property, be 
uld mosl i| hi« real estate in VYestford and remo sd to Harvard, Mas* ; but in 
mrued to tVcstfurd und cultivated a ntnnl I farm, lie married 1st, 
Jan. a, 1814, Mary Holyoke Pearson, dan. of the lb 

.. Prbtcilla Holyoke, was a dau. of the Rer. Edward Holyoke, | 
Harvard College, and great grauddnughter of the Rer. John Rogers, another presJ- 
dmt of that college, who was a grandson of the Re* , of Hedbfun, 

England, between whom sad the proto-raartyr, .lnhn Rogers, no oo 

raced. (See Rsoi»Tini, xvi. 43, 93 ; v. 12 i h. March fl 

d. n. Vfestfod July 15, 1880. lie- married 3d, Jan. 91, 1830, Abigail W 

I, nf Ain is and Abigail (WUtiajr) Bancroft, of Cr II u 

children, all by his second wife, were : — 1. Abba Mann, b. Nov. II. 1830, J. Dei, 
3D, Ih:ii ; •-', Una/ M. B.Jb. April 10, 1839 . 8 Iimm H , b. Not, H. « 
25.1835; 4, BphrtamE. }>., b. Aug. 9, 1835. d. April 20. |Sll; 
tcard Henry, b. Feb. 16, 1838, grad. Harvard College 1800; 6, Sarah Bast, b. July 
18, IMII. 
In •■nneetion with the Rev. Abiel Abbot, D.T)., of Peterborough. N. II., he eom- 

S'lcd A Uii f al o ffi ca l Retfl*ltr of the Abbot Family, which was published iu 1*17, in 
■ton, in tin CM tuMi of 197 pagM 

Mr. Abbot was a ohristiau gentleman of Uie old school. He delighted 
■tod] of i iiu Bible, and was accustomed, evcuiu extreme old age, am 
short, rime ol , . to read it critically in the origins] languages. He waa ear- 

nest, cheerful und charitable. For some time he was a jual pence, and 

.a the Mbjool i'oiimii : ;■■(• oj Westibrd. In 1839 ho represented that to 
thcfcUit'- k lialatuWi lie. was admitted a member of this society, Aug. I(». If 

nl member, died there Noi 
IS, IhTii, .v)*'"''! 7(1. Ilr was the youngest son of I tapt. Lnke* and Mrs. Anna (Tuels) 
II. ill, of Mai^liliel'l, Mas*., where be was horn April 93, 180(1. His great grand- 
lather, A'luni' .Hull, aajd t- « i i I in Nlursh field in the eni 
of the last (••■mui-n, ' Inn- lie married. Jan. 6, 1725, Sarah, dau. of Williajo 
Hcnn (U'bili) Sbeiraan, and icninihlauichtcr of Peregrine VPhil tin first 
Child born in New -Kri^liiiid. Hi« irr.iliilfatlirr. I ':i]i( .\<I:i in" Hull, nmi-rieil, in 
Ker.iu, dau. of 8smi irah (Rogers) Ford, and had seven children, of 
Lukc\ above, was the 6th. 









1873.] 



N. E. Hiitoric, Genealogical Society. 



n 



Hi- opportunities fbredua \h wan TOryhkritad^ behaving nasnebla 

•ilv -ix month* in tin- year. In mi! [aged in the 

business ofahipbu&ingwitfc hi- 1 id William, 

Ferry, ta Maahfield. Subsequently he rem ixbarv, whi 

far the Westutw ailing merchants. Having established the reputation 

cil n Brao-oiani shipbuilder, ha sna Eudaocd to remove to Ksst Boston, «•■ 
lMUMbl vSON] in tilt; uu(uiut) i.l 1638. Kn.n lill his di I 

••I to buBd ship-, whirl, were among the finest and best that were- Liu. 

■ ■■ Willi | 

Hi* aotin business habits, his great energy, his exactness in fmiiini.il matters 

and his gonad judgment un b •ugni him into aotiee, Whlla i 

i men in 1840 and L8M, be took ain aAtin interest in the Intro 
i of I tochituate iratar into But Boston, and manaar and roata 

by which it ws* introduced, lu 1830 he was a member of the Massachusetts 

irosentativaa from Boston, ami in 1800 from Mnrshfu Id, his native town. For 
nearly fifteen years he waa president ••! tbi Go t Boston 

i iii> daceasn be awa pneideol of the MavaricJe National Bank, a p 
whii'i. in/ bad bold forsbout twenatj years. 

Harried, Bat, I hriadaan Kent ; aeoond, HuMnh B. Sherman, both of Marsh- 

Beldi He baa eight children, of whom fenx sarrivsd him,nsjael] I, mtl, 2, 
WaJu-i Sootti S, Meras(£mary): and I, Barri 

He was admitted a resident member of tbi- MX [sty July 33, 1855. 

Hon. Hi. kim. ham Smith wiw bon on Cumberland lamndj O n wgt a. n*iir th* 
In line. Oct. 31, 1810. and died in the city of New- York Jan. 5, 1871. His 

m removed from Taunt Mam. , to Litchfield, Conn., and theoea to B 

i onn. II.' was od lliuumli (Smith) Smith, who (rare 

siab Smith, 'us father, died in 1835, in Selena, in Meiim, wherr In- wus 

il, aged 60 yean. Mm. Hannah Smith died in Sl Augnatiiis, Fla.< in 

aged 83 yean. Thafrouly children were: 1, Thomas Buckingham, the subject 

thi- n.iti. ■•; :unl 2, Hannah or Amla. 

AitHi bislaiberi death, Thomas BneUngbam Bmitli wai uncle, 

Robert Smith, of New l'.r.n,ni. bington, now Trinity College, in 

Hartford, Conn., when bepnnued the partial oraoientiale course, from aboi 

,1827, to lagust,183D. Soon after no left < dropjwd tin "Thomas" 

'■'. ■'< bj name. Ho was educated to the profession of the l»w, el the Law Sebool 

abridge, Ma**., and in the office ol Bon. Samnel Fewonrten, <>f Portland. Mo., 

whose (tun, the ln.tr Nun. William Pitt Fessenden («"''■ xm. 106-16), waa his fellow 

I raotfee 1 lav in Maine one year, and then opened a law affioa in St. 

Florida. Hewn- twioe elected to the Florida legulatun, from St. John a 

and was st one time speaker oft lie house i Septeml><-i- 90, 1844, 

ho was married to Julie <f. Gardner, only daughter of Reuben (I. and KlimhethM. 

iStin*on) Gardner. Reuben O. Gardner died fsbruarj 18, 18S7 r and Ml 
i to be still 1 1 n in- in -i. \ nimustine, Florida. Mr-.«iuii:i <;.. 
wife.. I Mr. Smith, died in New-York, without iaaue, Deeembar96, IWH. 

On tin- 0th of September, 1*50, Buckingham Smith waa appointed eeeretexy of 

legation to Mexico, by President Tartar, and waa recalled 03 President Fillmore 

Febmnry 2, 1KVJ Wliii.- h. I . • •■ 1 . ■. ■ . \lr Smith made the acquaintance of 

BBjreral historical scholar*, and especially of Hon J one F. Bamcm, with whnin lie 

[ned a rary friendly eorresji through life. In 1851 Mr I 

•Jr.. ni Uii-hiii-t.,!,. i>. 1 '.-.u bis own expense, printed the lint lit 

NarmtiYool Alnir> ' aa he did 

1854; and in 1853 Mr Smith oontributod valuable papers on the 

F^imar and (V-a* (imndc to the third part of the government work, " Information 

inir the History, Condition and Pw s pac t a ol me Indian Tribes/* pp. 996-306. 

ori contains extracts Ironi the ili:u-i»-» <if ' I'mlrea Careen and Font, fium tlm 
diarv of Mungi!, and an imoiivmoiiM work mi Sun.iro. In the table ol "oootente 1 
Mr.S 

June , 

«lrnt 

•ni Buchanan, While he" was in Spain he gained the friendah p of tho 

orienml <i-lmlar. Pasoual da (iaynngos, of de Keos, editor of Oriodo, and other 

acholan, and made extensive researcnes im.. too arehiTeo at Sunaneaa and Bsrilleu 

rniehed ntneh valuable information, which be had gathered in thnw researches, 

for the Mfltociea of Frescolt, Bancroft, Parkmnn, Squier, ic. Of tlie matter col- 



y oi mango, and an anonymous work on Sonsn. in the tame ot is.nteut« 
Bobooloran, with eharai ain, pat bii own utitialB to the title. 

U365, .Mr. Smitli wim appoint i Moretuj of legation to Spain, by Presi- 

■. Augustus (.'. I'odire, "f Iowa, lu-ing mini-ler, and Was reeallod by 



Vol. XXVII. 



8* 



90 



N. E. Historic, Ga [January, 



lectod for hi* own projected History ftf Florida. h<- printed wn 

iring the j>p»if, in nil i-ajMM, vritli tin 

• <Uj Variaa Documentor," low '••I 

liin. i i pni ink. 

He also cootribu .-s to the H'-ii^riral yfmjnzint in IK3H, lHfin, IN»1 and 

18ftJ, and a " Oramtii:ii"-Til Sk>''.li of the 1 1 • - v •- |jatijrui<: 

of the J9" was nU> published in Shea's 

Am'rican Linymslic.i in 1861. A Orainm . .njuare wm 

printed in Spa' li-olit.jriuU-.irt- in tl ■<. in IWW, witba Do. 

im Cristiana of Confaiiomrio. 
H a ilsonrlnted, in l»W. aseryouaintnnd cartons account of Sooora from a ti 

IJudo Easayo Tentative de una ]*revenrtonal Dean la 

Provineia de Sonora," an am-: irk of some old Spanish J. \*U 

appeared bis " loqain into the Authenticity of Documents, cooccrningn Discovery 
in North America, elainw I 

i the point that the narrnriw- p uuiio »n< a 

' I i iuiry '' was readbeforv the New-York Hi- iety. and in a sul» 

uin he obtained additional' I r substantiating 

tijn, which led him to prepare ii new edition, which Ins left unpublished. 

In June, IHH6, Mr.'Smith wm appointed tax com 
same year lie prepared for Uie Brad ford Cli tionof the" Xnrrathe* of the 

Career of Hernando De Soto in I t of Florida, an told by n Knight of Khaa 

and in o Relation by I. iya II niandex de Biedua.' 1 
ous d t >. [g the supplement to Duytkmi . 

imerican I are sketches of Yerruuano, Bicdinn, Cnnasr, l'arcja, 

Plorencia, Bennvides, Ki>rhefnrt. Ayetn m Ihuted by Mi 

At the time of his death Mr. Smith was currying thro 
his work on Cabera'de Vara, of which the II hi. Ha pby had as> 

publication. This recital of the literary Mr. Smith does not, i 

comprise n full bibliography of his work*. 

Mr. Smith was a man of strict inl I "( extraordinary fidelity in Ms 

researches and writinjrs. lie luid jrxeot sagacity in its, Ho 

was remarkably reticent nboiit himself, ami the largest part of his personal hi- 
has been obtained Bmn others, and nol 

!!>• was a kinil-hrartm) man, fond of th> 
children, a connoisseur of works of art, ntid a great admirer of the ; the 

•Id 8 Be was eccentric, wonld enter your house abrup it© 

as suddenly. Unexpectedly to his mends, he would leave lor New-York, and «s 
•suddenly turn op in Florida, and perhaps in Spain. Ilewai a hanl st< 
an easy writer. Prolific as his publications wore, they were in a tiiann- 
out of him by hi. friends, nnd when they appeared they were unsatisfactory to 
him* 

Hi* death wn» ttagio indeed. Be attempted, rery Inju cleat 

winter in New-York. He was not aware that hi- lnngs were seriously disen 
khoogb he wia hopelBSBty f^one in oonsumption. On the Ithof Janua the 

house of hi* oomnn. Mr*. Hewitt, to go to his room* and . in. 

The latter advised him tit • (Mate a nurse. As he stopped out if the <ar at 

19th street hfa strength Blind him; a brutal policeman dragged him to a distent 
station house, and thrn-t him into :i Bold cell, whir.' he lay an night, nnd thro waa 
sent ton hospital, where he died tin- auna day t January 5, 1>TI, at theage of 60 
years. Though hi- address was on his person, no attempt was madi , his 

friends, and although they made almost every ima irec- 

tion, it washy a mere aodde n i that his remains were found. That a man of bis 
la 'ii on should have pasted away in circumstance* so trying and pi do 

of those mysteries which enwrap many of the conditions of thi- mysterious world. 

Mr. Smith was elected to a comw|>onding niembership in this society, which he 
accepted, December 15. |i*63. 

Prepared hy CnAM.r.s W. Terns, Esq., Assistant Wstnriograj.litT. 

Josirra Pamtbr, M.D., a resident member, was born in Ncedhnm, Ma<w., October 
3, 1*1)0. He was the eldest son of the Iter. Stephen Palmer, a g\ idaateof Harvard 
College in 17HV», who WSJ »<-ttl<~l in the ministry i" the Bast Pariah of Neodliam, for 
a tieriod of nearly twenty-nine years, dying there October 31, INI. at the age of 
fifty-6^0 years and twenty-three days. His grandfather, for whom he was named, 




1873.] 



N. E. Historic, Genealogical Soci<fij. 



91 



wn* thr ReT. Joseph Palmrr, horn in Cnnihride;.-, September 2, 17-211, 

Hansid College it it. nil, not, 

wli>i vn .i .-<>h it Stephen and Snmh (O'rnnt) Palmer, it grandson 1 -. » j » . 

bridge, whose lather Stephen u»ay hove been tl; >u of ti>at 

riiiim- in I j,iiii ' >ri- 1 _;••, or |i..— iUy bil - D 

lli^ mother was Catherine, dnaghteroi Jusou Haven, pastor of the First 

in Dedham, where she wns horn Augusts, 1T74. The Kev. Mr. Haven 

graduated nt Harvard College in I7M, married Catherine, douglm-i of the Bar. 

Samuel Dexter, of Dedham , whom he succeeded a Church in 

I 1 them, In I7&6, and oonthned in tlmt office till his death, .May 17, lb03. 

He began to til for college under hit lather; but nut tithing to go to college, 

low progress in his studies. Hit parsata we» exceedingly anxioai U 

I receive a collegiate edueutiou at the nunc bor, grand- 

father, matcrnnl grandfather and great grandfather had. and he was | 

:u the footsi ■■]<■ hi In- ancestors. At the Need- 

hxin, ni i he academy in Frnminghmn, when? he ei manned I ill August, 1H|8, 

win ii he entered college al Cambridg e. Hiss i while there wen Latin 

and Wreek, especially the latter. I hi-, made bin a firforits with Dr. I'npkin, the. 
It reek l'n ilovor. and he had aarigxted him u Ureek Dialogue at the in u 
tion, and a Greek Oration nt Commencement. After lasting College, in 1899, hs 
I '.i i Sohool, at Jamaica Pbdii, Boxbury, ana W| ao3 tin ployed 

as amitt.int in the private tehool id Mr. Charles W. (.r-« OS, l-.r ■ few HUMUS. 
While bero, a reeenoy beviaj L in the Latin School U ideap- 

iii f..r the j Intel u-her, and entered upon the duties of toll 

office January I. 182H. Here be continued till Oi 

being worn oat with the arduous duties ul thsofia Among the pupib trodefl 1 • i — 

chnrttv while usher in the Latin School, wan the Hon. 9 rap, the Hon, 

Charle* Sumner, the Hon. George Tyler Bigelow. nnd many other gentli men nnwdis- 

hed in public an mal life. While thai engaged be began thestody 

. under I'r. i bandli i Bobbins, of Bom«ih, end coni inued I be stad' 
r the Latin Sohool, till Febri £ ,wben be received ths Id.D. 

trd LJollegs. Hs immediately estei 
in Bostoo, and coiitmii.nl Ln practice, with bat one or tiro interruptions, till the 
close ol the year 1H-.",). On the third day of October, I bfi tweni . 

birthday, he married Mary Lnoj Loratta Charlotte, doagfatarol James and Char- 
lotte (Iviicclnud) (.iorhain, of Boston. She trux burn in Tim ' . Dc-cmlier 
In, IH05, win-re her In t Kit then resided as n merchant. Upon the death of hex 

father there, in 1814, aba returned to Boston «iih her mother. 

Her lather owned a large coffee plantation, about lnrty-live ruilen from llnvann, 
called the San Cyrilo, which .the inherited. A few months after In a it be- 

tecessary mat be -diunld personally look after hi- - plan- 

tation, and he Nailed on the fourteenth ol' March, IK!0, for Hawinu, on thisbusi- 
as. Theonly inrideni ni the voyage norths ol mention) ■ I by a 

lirate vessel, just b I a, ana being reamed hj ij (he 

I States, lie returned home late in May. and_ while in New-York he Irani to 
the Park Thcatro, and saw the cclehrated Kdmuml Kean in the ehameter of Shytoatt. 
The Ouban plantation failing In yield the exjii-i Ii I HiiiiHinl of iii iiielu- 

ded to '.'' 1 there iiud re*ide. On the twenty-filth day of Wneinlwr. 1889, he sailed 

with hi- wife and child in the brig Agile, far Harana, reaching that place on the 
sixteenth day of Deesmbsr. Ha pro) led to his plantation, ana lb i down 

with tin' detign of conducting it hin^elf. An otter to inirehnse the ]ihiutntion W8S 

aim, whiehi after amna time, he accepted, Ho and hi- i 
some weeks rUiting friend in Oaba, and on the scTentcenth day of .M.iy, i-:o. be 
emberfced, with bia family, fat Ii- 

Ilai in^ always bad a desire to '* connected with a newiiptii- •cptcd 

an offer made to him in_ Ssptemher, to go into the offioe "t tlie Columbian Ceminel, 
which was about to lie iwnied daily instead nf semi-weekly. Here he remained till 
October, 1831, when he purchased of Ileal* & Hornet one-third of the Detiu Chioa* 
Ue,aod formed «it!i them a pitrtncrship. This con tinned, "itli H<jmo 
changes of partner-, n mil |m;im, when the en-partm-rship *.i 
prise proving a financial failure. On the ninth dag at rnbroary, 1888, bj 
dill snddsnur; and on the twelfth day of March, 183-t. he married Blinbetfa 
nancas Bamngton, the niece and adojited daughter of Mr. Edward Rem ii I ol 
Boston. She was born In Cambridge September 7, 1805. In about a year her 
health liegnu to fail, and it was judged that a warmer climate would be more BTOr* 




92 



•*. E. Historic, Gaualogical Sod- [January, 



able for her. In March, 1R36, ho sailed with hi* family for Hitmm, being hi* third 
thee remained till Hie May, wlieu it lin-nni* appo- 

I health did not improve as was expected, aud they return*! I 
- . .-rndnnlly declined, and died Oi-uJwr 15, 1836. 
In I (+10 n }R»per called tlte Whig lirimhtttan was started hj 

ted with the Omtinel, end Dr. IVlmrr *n» engaged to 1m» thr edit 
than three months it stopped fur went of capital, be lowing all his Minn'. 
September. 1840, to .he was the editor of the Boston Transcript, tak- 

ing the place of Mr. Walter, the editor, who wa* w k 

On the seventeenth day of December, 18-13, h* married Elizabeth Mam-hard 
Gragg. of Boston. Duriug tiro session* uf the lecb-laturc of 1841 air I 
reported the proceedings of the Massachusetts legislature, for the Bosto 
wrtistr. From April, 1844, to the end of the year, be wan the editor ol 
Traveller. From 1845 to 184i> he was commercial editor and reporter 
tclligenec for the Bvston Alias. In July. 18JU. Imj was appintcd Insp'-- 
office till June, 1853. lie then heenm- 
!wi Daily Adverlittr, in the some capa had been wi at, end 

continued in this position Mxteen yean, retiring in 18W, on account of ill he 
Dr. IMmer waa fond uf historical and genealogical researches. In 1861 

ire the necrology of HarTnrd College (ante, sir. 375), which wax prii 
the Adatrtiser, on aiminwicemnit morning*, from that time to 16fl». I 
published it in the Christian Htyistrr. Them biographical sketches hod so much 
merit tliat in 1863 they were collected to tliat date, and publislied in nti on 

page*. He was a member of the 1 Ii« tori eel Societies rk. Kbode- 

Uand, rauaMflnmia. Wisconsin, Maryland and Mawachu-ctLs. He Uiun* a 
rwident mi Btr-Engtand « i coca logical Society in 1858. and 

wum n in i ml "! hi- life. Hi- ants it* lint Historiographer, 

filling the office irom 1850 to 1808 ; and from 1802 till his death, be was of the hoard 
a 

Dr Palmer wna marked by a peculiar gentleness of manner ami sweetness of 
« hich endeared him foal] who knew (urn. He wa* patient under i 
cumstuuees, and chariuHc towards all, Hiv industry wan great, and ba labored 
u.4 Ion g as liia system would allow. A km veers before hit death his 
tQ fail him, and with this hi* health declined till March 3, 1871, when hi 
wife aud a daughter survive him. 

, Woodwxia was horn in Newburvport. March 18, 18S8. He was 
son ol 1 1. ii ill and Joanna (Cook) Woodwell. David Woodwell won fifth in descent 
from Matthew Woodwell, the great ancestor of the family, a hu died in Sulcuj.MasR., 
in IrSl. 

.Mr. VToodttefl learned tlneart of printing in the office of llie Xeitbttrwort Heroli, 
where he worked as an apprentio - nud a half. At the age of twenty-one 

be cams to Boston, where be worked in the capacity of compositor, proofread- 
reporter. Earths. Atiwtimr, and for the Post. lie served as private in 

nine months regtsaents la the late civil war. \lr wu» war curreapondenr 

ifl time, "111111- under tliesixuutun- of •■ I'resoott." In 1800 he resumed bis 

ir Advertiser, and was it« chief reporter till 186V B pur- 

' nne s t io D with ;i partner, the Worcester Evtntny Gotelte, which he as* 

liting till his death. 

Mr. WimkUvcII Joined the Franklin Typographical Safety of Boston in 1851, and 

'.cars; and »f the r t n ■«- M hi- death was it- treas- 
tiewas, slso, treasurer of the Massachusetts Fditors' and PuMUhri 
He was n worth] member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and 
Masonic Fraternity. 

Mr. vVoodvydl was decplv attached to hi- profr—ion. Whether as oompo.it, ,r. 
r>'p irtiT "r editor, he devoted" his whole energy to his work, and became ma- 
tlic art. Ilia supremacy in these departments made him conspicuous amou 

mm lateti 

Perhaps, one nf tlie moat striking traits in his character, was his real for thi 
lie welfare of the ! To him, it i- mid, ia mnialy due the pt>m 

of a beanttrnl printer*" burial br, nt Mount Hope: the delivery, bv the Hon. Kif- 

.,n-tt, of his great oration am Benjamin Franklin, nt tiro Mim H 
which the treasury of the Typugraphii-al S>»ielv was enriched several hundred 
. and the procuring uf "the Preble Hall in Treuwnt street, for the use of that 
society. 






1873.1 



A". E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 



93 



Mr. Woodwel! was prominent in .-wry undertaking which contributed to tbe 

wi'll ir. .it hi. felloe printers. Jiy tin-in lit- was In-M in the high" *. 

Mr pt. 15, l*.j3, I bulceU, 

of Newburvport Bbo dwd April 30, I8S6, laving d«a. Anne Eonlce, who died 

Apt :ig»sl iirar: irs. 

Mr. WoodweD fled is Woraertu, after a brief fllness, Jan. 3D, 1871, and nu 
bnritd in Newbarvport. Hh death was the < themanifi In wide 

•n rend grief His profi ■rional brethren united En ihowinf, in nrerj possible way, 
their sense of his. rm-rits, and their sense of bereavement. It litis not Allien to any 
other man "I hi pr.i. i,,ii. within nij m, to have received so nmny uinrks 

of respect and appredl ' some weeks the public press continued to give to 

the world tribute* to his BMBO 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PRO< OS. 

Tit* Nkw-Ksola.m> Historic, (JBMBiLOoicu, So cut r. 
Borlon, Massachusetts, Wednesday, October Qd, 1872. A quarterly meeting was 
is nt'tcrnoon, at three o'clock, at the Society's House, No. 18 Somerset street, 
nt, the I inn. Marshall P, Wilder, Co the i hair. 
11. IVentworth, Esq., the recording Mcrefetrv, read the record of Uio 
lumber) meeting, which was approved. 
John ward Dean, the librarian, reported that Boring the nonlb ol Beptenber. 
:..". .mIuiius, 1401 pamphlets, 1 continental bill, 5 views of old Bostnn (rained 
mid i ii i ii | is bud been presented to the society. The view* of old Boston 
are the gift of IX Waldo Salisbury, Esq., and represent different views of 
Beacon bill and its exoivutioiiN in i'kii-]o. They show great clianjr.es made in 
BosUm in the vicinity of the Stnte House. One of the volumes is a manuscript 
genealogy of the Mnson family, by the late Dr. T. W. Hume, bcautifullj C pied DJ 
bin i--.ii (•'.. n. Harris. V*\., rot tho society. Of the pamphlets, 1145 have been 
presented l>y Alfred Mu 

itev. Edmund F. Shifter, tbe corresponding secretary, reported letters of 
acceptance from six gentlemen who had been elected to membership. 

board <>l directors nominated one candidate as a resident and one as a 
[lending member. They wore elected. 

rlaton, Esq., of Amherst, H. H., rend a paper on Tht JI>'?s6oro' 
County Congress of 1774 and 1775. Among those present as listeners to the reading 
Israel Hunt, the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, the li^n. Charles II. 
CnmpWII, the president of the New-llnmpahire senate, ami the Rev. Samuel I^f, 
atnpshire, besides the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, the Hon. Timothy 
Farrar, Samuel llatclieldcr, Ksq., and others, natives of that state, hut now citizens 
ol Mai 

'I'.,.- ll.llslK.ro' congress of 1771 and 1775 has been frequent lv mentioned OJ New- 

II impabira historians, but very vaguely, from the fuct that all authentic leoa 

its action were supposed to have been lost, BO that historical writers were dependent 

on tradition or conjecture. Mr. Bo.ylston. who has been engaged in writing a 

history of the town i if Ambartf. N. H.. DM placed at his disposal a box of old 

formerly the property of Daniel ( uuiphcll, n member of the con grew, but 

now ut his grandson, the sOUi Phnisl II I 'aiiipln II. In this box the luppooed 

Irrecoverable records of the county congress were found, in the baodwij 

Daniel Canrpbeil. The reader ol tho essay quoted qnito n fn.ini these 

documents, which have n.-ver tapaatad in print, from the laet that they have 

remained where tbe first owner tiled them away, undisturbed, with tbe dust of a 

century nettled down upon them. It appears that tho first congress was beld 

Not i. if. r -. 1774, the second April 5, 1775. and the third May 24, 177;'». If there 

Was a fourth session, »« no me conjee in re, the rOCOrdl of it lime nut y i-t U-eii drought 

The first session seems to bare been culled by tbe spontaneous action of 

who Found tbe king 1 ! magistrates la be inimical to their righta. 

d tboaof all courts of law and other chril tribunal-, the] d -slves, 

as thev expressed it, in a "state of nature." Deaii II to prat pen law and order 

hi their e immunities, and desirous also to cobpemte efficiently with the action of 



H. 1'.. iiiatork, 



-',<■;■ -ij. 



January, 



the continental coogrea in Philadelphia, the several towns tent delegate* to 

Amherst, where the first oongreas waa held in thi -« on the dat* above 

named. Meforc adjourning they appointed a rutninitlee ul" three with power tu mil 
■vben the emergency required ic. 
itly o committee of safety, numbering fifteen, wu appointed, and. until 
the organ u. ■■ present Male government, this body was practice 

Svernuu-iit. Tim HilUboro" eongrrsx, araoi . amircw, adopted 

. b urgoniiation of the entire militia force, who were to meet once iwi 
drill. In this way they were prepared, after getting news of the bv. 
Lexington, to march instantly to the sapport of tbcii 

fact* of historical in ten.* t were discli- vhioh o vote of -.hunk* 

was passed by the society and a copy of the original documents ask' 
publication. 
Thanks were also voted to Messrs. Mudge and Salisbury fur their donations. 



A monthly meeting was held this afternoon. President 

the record of the proceedings at the October 



Boston, Norembtr 6. 
"Wilder in the chair. 

The recording secretary read 
meeting, nnd it was approved. 

The. lihruriun reported donations to the society during the month of Oetiher of 
•I'J printed volumes, &W pamphlet*. I mnp, 5 manuscript*, ID hroadttde* and 

tia, I engraving and 1 conl ■ .1. Among these donsli 

Sacramento Daily Union from ItuT to U*0, hound in 7 volume*, the gilt ..f I 
Bosh, Jr., Esq.; 18 books and imumhlrU relating t-i the history ol 
some of them rare, from J. Fletcher Williams, E»q., of St. Paul; and more than 
NO pampblett Boo Gal. Albert li. Hint. 

Fmomti pondiu ■nrtto nr nipnivn letters, ol ioetpta&cen' a thiec genlh— 
elected to tiiiinlM.r.«liif>, namely, two n id oo*> corresponding. 

The He?. Porus Clurkc, Da)., the historiographer, read biograj' 

■named meinlnrs. namely, Martin It. tints, uu,., of i h'. Dhi •, and 

Oliver M VThippla, hq. ( ol Lowell, Mem 

tors nominated four candidates for resident membership, who were 
elected. 

John II. .Shcppard, Esq., read a pnper on The Progrtu of Ciriiizalion in tht 
tenth < 'riUury 03 camparrd ici/h tht two or ttirtc preceding Centun-s. 

In comparing the progress of civilialiuu ol the nineteenth century with tl 
the two or three centuries which pre<v>i.d, Mr. .Sheppnrd gave a brief de 
the state cf society and aofiaring En the reigns of the Tudor and Stuart faiuiii 
excessive prerogative including more than twenty branch?*, the num. 
oflcuous (in 1700 amounting to 160), the misery of the poor, their I 
manner ol living, the scarcity of newspapers nnd of school*, bad roads, absence of 
police in the great cities nnd 'many other deprivations, lor there wits then 
class. Iu reviewing the nineteenth century and the great changes for the 
within n hundred yearn, ha Brake of the great inventions. — the itsamsbi 
telegraph, the Atlantic cable, lucifer matches, the lighting of our houses and i 
by K"». and improvements in agriculture, horticulture and p imol i icb )>• 

paid ii high compliment to the lion. Marshall P. Wilder, lie referred to the great 
increase in the duration of human Ufa, BO clmrly demonstrated by Kdvard .1 
M.D., mill to man) valuable invention" in printing and photography, end to the 
telescope, etc. Among these be mentioned auaestlietics, and gnve lull credit to Dr. 
Morton as the first who introduced it to the world and became a Ik i 
mankind, lie said ; " II" an angel had como down, like him who stirred up the 
pool of lietlinaida, and had made this gift t-> the human rnee, u h it hiMinnss 
nave followed him to heuven ! Uitt l»r. Morton mil with little reward, and died a 

Eoor BBS " III- referred to the savings hunk* nnd to tin 1 numen 
snvvoli-iu eooietiee of the day, all incorporated, an d, "Corporal i-the. 

fulcrum mi which invention uuvi moves the world." He concluded with a reli i 
among other things, to the arbitration between the United States nnd Great H 
in Qsni lounoing their award as the harbinger of pence, the .i 

chrirtmnity. and the hope of oil coining time. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Sheppard for liia interesting and 
instruct i ve paper . 

Joseph Warren Tucker, Rso.., of Boston, clerk of the First Church in Ro^ ' 
presented for safe-keeping, in the society's Bre-proni npurtment, the earb 
of that church, which he did with Uio ooiibeut and upprinul uf the pastor, tbl l'.cv. 










1873.] 



N. E. Hisfinic, Gmctdogical Society. 



95 



George Putnnm, D.D. Mr. Tucker prefaced his presentation with mine remarks 
he peculiarities nnd value of the records, which contain many particuh 

i ii i buret :• ■• onls, allowing often the lumilim •£ church member* and 
■OtaetOBOa the place in England from which the] rinigrutcJP The Rev. Lucius R. 
. 1 i.I)., and other;) , made remarks confirming the value of the records. 
On motion of Judge Warren, it wit* rated thai the *.rirty jr/at* fully receives the 
custody of the precious volume, and will deposit It in it* eufe tur preeervatJou and 
■ 
Hi. I:, it. Dona Clarke, D.D. .presented, in U-lmlf of Mrs. Charles YV. Homer, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., a piece of the ROOM Id 1 bb b Major Andre wne confined before 
inn. 
The librarian presented from G. Symonds, Esq., town-clerk of Dorchester in 
Dorset, England, impressions from the whole series of municipal seals of that town, 

taken tor toil oootetj al tl g g eW too of J. Wingnte Thornton. Esq., during hit* 

reeeol rait to that place ; and from Tliomus C. Smith, Esq., oi Boston, tho ledger 
and dny-hook Hhowing Uui subscribers nnd the OMt >•! the Mgftte Boston, built 
originally by subscription, and transferred to the United Slate*. 

Thanks were voted to Messrs. Symonds, Smith, Bush, Williams and Hoyt, nnd to 
Mrs. Homer, for their valuable donations. 

It was voted that th.' corrcsjiondtng secretary transmit the votes of thanks to 
persona reniding out of ii.- I 'uitt-d States, and the recording secretary to those in 
thin country. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Clarke, the committee appointed lnwt ran to nominate 
officers, namely, Kredenc Kidder, the Rev. Lneioa R, rage. D l»., William B.Trask, 
Jerctiiif.li ».oli'ii[ii. On). A. 11. Ilou and William B. i'owne, were chosen the 
uitlng committee lor tbil year, 
it waa voted that thin committee !■<• empowered to fill vacancies nnd to add to 
theil number for the purpose of having tho diifcrent sections of New-England 
represented on it. 

Mr. Kidder, in bebllf of the RftgMMt Club, presented the- following list of names 

be club reoonunended to the society |nr the committee on pubueetiox) far the 

emuinq , :— Col. Albert Hemton llovt, John Ward l.'eun, William 

Bhvuberd Towne, I I w, •-!,;, Untie and Capti Gouge Henry Preble j and 

they were unnniuiously elected na such. 

Boston, December 4. A monthly meeting was held this dny at the Society's 
ii. use, at three o'elook, P.M . Ptendent w Iraer in the chair. 

resident after calling tbp meeting to order spake as follows : 
(renUemen, we shall bo deemed guilty of dcJtaatMDey, did we not record, in the 
proceedings of the day. some notice of that calamitous event which has visit- 
city lines our last ■ mei ittlUJ, an event which will ever be remembered, not only in 
New-England but i" tho country and in the world. On the ni^ht of the ninth end 
the morning of the tenth of hist in »n:li. i lire, — a tornado ol fire, struck at the 
very heart of our city, where its wealth was the largest, where its strength and 
beauty were the greatest, where its granite and marble- and inm iroiofapnjoe seemed 
beet nbly to defy it. But niter the short space of fifteen hours, sixty seres of 
building! and $70,000,000 in property were swept by that tidal wave of fire into the 
whirlp.Mil of destruction. Vt bile we sympathize moat deeply with those who have 
suffered In tins disaster, many of whom are our own meiiiheni who have conl 
to tho erection of this building, and while smie valuable collections of book*, and 
art-trcasuro have been lost, let us render thanks to the Giver of nil tiood that be 
has pres er ved all tho public libraries of the city nnd their buildings, and has 
permitted UB once DOM to lewmble in safety uudor our own roof, in nckuuwledg- 

i tin H. merciiii, I will call upon the Rer. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., to address 

irone of Graee. I'ruyer was then offered ta : Dr. Paige. 
The recording secretary then read the record of the proceedings of the previous 
mcctimr. which wns approved. 

i lihniri.in'p report showed that in November theTc had been received 57 

I volumes, 765 psmphti I %, 8 nanuaaHbt volumes, 12 aauMMxipta, 9 broadsides 
ami 3 curi il value and Into i 

■Ire W. Tattle, Esq., assistant historiographer, read a biographical sketch, 
prepared by the Rci mereaea -N. Intbox, I'D., of the late lion. Stephen T. 

Farwi II, ■ resident member. 

Tin- board of directors nominated the Hun. Caleb Cushing, LL.D., and t' 1 i 
Nathn n Cli Qord , LL.D . , for honorary membership, and they were unanimously elected. 



-V. E. Historic, Genealogical 



I.v..urr, 



The president read the fdlnwiug lottac from Samuel Batcheklrr, Rao., of 
Cambridge, accompanying a donation to the society of the following valuable books 
tod documents : 

Cambridge, November 29, 1878. 
Dear Sir, 

1 sen- .'litiork. Genealogical Sooc/y, Thirty-two volumes of bound 

Newspapers, coruprUlng— 

The KV|*Ttory fruuj 1813 to 1827, 14 

Chronicle and Patriot from 1?32 to 1638, 

Christian Register, 3 

Farmer** Cabinet, 8 

National liiUdligvucer (nun ISI1 to lfilG, including the whole period 
of tl»e war of 1 e IvJ . when the city ot Waeliingtou was taken 
the British, and their printing office burnt, 8 

The boxes also contain a miscellaneous collection or pamphlets, some of a 
may be worth preserving; among them you will find many early reports and Jour- 
nals of Congress, and reports to the British Purl anion l on various Fuljects. 
i m;i of New-Hampshire laws and Documents consists of — 

First. — One volume folio, printed in 1*71, containing the Lawa of the Prolines 
of New-Hampshire up to that time. 

Second.— UM volume folio, beginning with the proceedings of a Congress 1 
Exeter, January .'>, 177(1, to iwtaldish a form of government according to the 1 1 
of the Continental Congress, passed November 3d, 1775. The Congress at Exeter 
estahlWn-d a form of government consisting of a House of Representatives and 
Council, by whose authority the Laws were enacted until the 17l!i of April, 1784 ; 
after which time the Constitution of 1784 went into operation, eatahlishing a guv- 
eruinci r nor, Senate and Hour' of Representatives as at pn- 

i I their first im nrsed the government under 

tution Concord, June 3d, 1 7H J. The Journal* of the Senate fend Iloun* 

resentaUve* to March , I7b6, aud tbo Laws passed up to that time, are contained! 
in tins volume. 

Thirdly. — From June. 17S6, to 1801, the Journals of the Senate and Ilouso of 
□tativea ware printed in duodecimo, and saw contained in 14 solnaaen. 

Fourihl. — \iiir td it 1 1 u i « - i lie .in irrmla of both Houses were printed in octavo — 
a set of those Journals nearly complete as far as 1820, Home of them unbound, are 
also included. 

■ >• —There is also a sot of various editions of the Laws printed in 1789, 
17 s*. ]>"', .,, | |-i'i. The luct was printed u. re of Judge Smith. lathe 

publication of these several i was customary to omit such acts nshn< 

repealed or were not in force at the time d Ihe publication of the several volumes. 
J lis\e therefore 

Sixthly, collected in three volumes, with much enre. the lawa passed at rneh soe- 
sion, and printed at the close of the session from 1709 to 1881, which compris 
legislative bistoury Of New-Hampshire (or that period. One volume cm 
tlic u-tr- I i-Mii 1783 to 1605. One volume those from 1805 to 1811. One volume 
those from 1815 to 1821. 

Very sincerely yours. 
The H,m. Marshall P. Wilds*, Sam'l &ianu»n». 

Pruidcnl of t lie N. B. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Hatdielder for his large and very 
valuable donation, and it mis sin voted that his letter be entered at length 
tin fbi ofds 

C. vF. Tuttle, K>»\., call.': i toacuriosity which hnd been br 

into the boll for exhibition, it being a huge rusty iron 'bar, long enough to extend 
across a wide door, and having a lock and chain attached. It had been lent In by 
Mr. J. B. SteanURjOl Hoston, wh.. I. .1 procured il from the rite of the old .'. 
fortrr- Oorg, Capo Breton. In the nbscneoof Mr. Stearns, Mr. 'futile made 

a statement of the circumstance* under which it wits found, and said that from tbo 

known gcogmphy of the plniv Mi.- ridie u'iis ueidoul'h-dU the inn I what 

was known ns the" On " o( tlmi ioriress. This fort rem was a work of 

great strength, I milt by the French to secure the entrance to the Oulf of St. Law- 
rence. Work was begun on it in 1720, and continued till 1715, during which 
time the outlay amounted to iJ I ,-00,1100, and it was still incomplete. A considers- 



1873.] 



Societies and their Proceedings. 









We share of the material was purchased by the French in Ncir-F.n.'Wnd, and it i* 
nulla possible that this biir may have been thy work of u Button blac'»- 
1746, during tho war between England and France, the fortress wm oapfcw 
■ ■ i iii i from Ni-iv-Kn-l mil. IJy the treaty i >f peace, it iwh 
ed to the French, who held it till 1758, when it was again captu 
English. In I7fl0 great anxiety woa felt by the admuiistrnti'ju oi W 
Jet it might again lull into the hands of the French, nml, through bil intlueaee, 
order- " ii for its destruction. Ibb] work wiw entrusted to Admiral Byron, 

adfatMi uf Lord Byruti, who accomplished it after several months' btbor, (bo 
last being fired Ootoher 17, 1780. The lock attached to tho bar haw tin 
in position, showing that the gnto was blown up as it stood, I i k nut timed. 

'I'h.- tii-.uik.- .)i tin' BocJetj were rated to Mr. Steam be to exhibition, ai>d to Mr. 
Tutttc for bla ioternting remarks. 

ban M. Allen. Da}., then read a piper on Cltiyfmrnc'a Rebellion in Mary- 
land. It was based upon the manuscript note! of the late Sebastian Km 
K*i|., of J;.ilt iui«.ir«-, M-i.Tetary oj the Maryland Historical Society, well kn > 
one of tin' in", t thorough and careful investigatore of American history. Ihii 
rebellion dates from the year 1685, and was mainly a struggle between Gaufwrm 
and his party, who bad certain grant* from the king, and Lord Baltimore. *. DO bl II 
■ i charter, for the possession of the Wand of Kent in Chewipenke bay. 
The fort u in* ot the two contending parties ofU.ii fluctuated. EhODC lutl 

io wan captured, and, though he escaped to Virginia, his lieutenant, 
Thounn Smith, was held and executed. In 10M, Culu-rt, who was Lord 1 
vice-governor, was captured bj I layborne and his party, and expelled from the ter- 
ritory. Calvert niado it too hot for him finally, nnd Clny borne retired to n place 
within the limit! of Virginia which he called New Kent. ClajbOtTH Van titer Ml dl 
eecret' i Virgiuia, Bad uppeui> to huve ban held in ; 

'i'i ;■. rani jurisdiction ol eomo of the territory thus disputed more than two 
hundred years ago is nut yet Battled, and eotumisslonera of Virginia nnd Maryland 
are now engaged in settling the boundary line. 

At the close of the paper Mr. Allen presented to the society, iii behalf of Mrs. 
Btroeter, the manuscript of her husband relnive t-i ( layFtorne's Rebellr n, 
whieh Mr. Allen had compiled bil paper. Thanks were voted to Mr. Alien 1 l In- 
instructive paper, and to Mrs. Streeter for her very valuable donation. 

Ma ink L Sonu-v. 

Tho annual meeting of the society was hold at their rooms in Brunswick, July II, 
1872. 
The following gentlemen were elected officers of the society for the ensuing year : 
dent — The don. Edward B. Bourne, LL.I). 

Coil— The lion. James W. Bradbury, LL.D. 
Recording Secretary— A. S. Packard, I). D. 
Corresponding Secretary— The Iter. S. F. Bike, D.D. 

Qtmdtng Qmmillte— Leonard Woods, I).!)., LL.D., A. T). Wheeler, D.D., the 
Hon. Wm. 0. Barrows, the lion. C. J. tiilman, Pros. J. L. Chamberlain. 

Publishing Committee— Dr. Leonard Woods. Dr. A. D. Wheeler, Dr. A. S. 
Packup!. Pwf. J It. Bewail and Geo John M. Brown. 
Vr-.'iTuni — The Hon. Marshall I 

Auditors— The lions. Wm. Q. Barrows and B. C. Bailey. 

Tho following gentlemen from different parts of tho state were chosen to supply 
vacaneicH : 
Tho lion. Charles Danforth, of Gardiner, one of the justices of the Supreme 
I Court; Albert G. Tcnney. Brunswick ; Philip II. Brown. Portland; the 
'•iml Austin, Kittery; William II. Clifford Portland; the lion. Lewis Bar- 
ker, Bangor; the lion. Noah Woods, Bangor ; Frank L. Dingley, Auburn ; I 
St.C. CBrion; Chan. W. Roberta, Bangor; Samuel F. Humphrey, Bangor: Wil- 
liam B. Laphnm. M P.. Augusta; the Hon. Sydney Perham, Gov. of the 
Paris; the Rev. Charles W. Haves. Portland. The Rev. President Frank 6 
and Prof. Thomas B. Moses, Urbuna, Ohio; Edward P. Weston. Lake Forest, III. ; 
Jairus W. Tony, Salem, Wis., and John C. Dodge, Cambridge, Maw., were chosen 
corresponding members. 

r the disposal of business matters, the society adjourned to the chemical lec- 
ture room, Adams's Hall, Bomloin College, for the literary exorcises appropriate to 



the semi-centennial of the society, where the society assembled with their friends, 
the_P resident, Judge Edward S, Huurne, \.\, I)., in the choir, who made soma 



Vol. XXVII. 



9 



M 



Societies and their ProeetJiiiga. 






[Jannarr, 



remarks on the work of tbe society in rescuing fr *a oblivion ancient record* and 
papers, illustrating bin ponitiun l»y fin l«d recently fsileu under bin own 

obsan .« record*' i>ty. 

A paper was read by the Recording Secretary, Inf. A. 5. Pneknr 
jciety nnd it* work, with «n extended notice of tl*s lat. 



LL.D.,a runner preaidaol of ii»- • 

Ow. . il. 



•eretary of the Pctuai|uid Asocial ini, (raving ounmo- 
nioau>l the wi»h of that oauciation tiiat the society would formally exprom iu 
approval of the design to erect a monument on the spot which may be regarded aa 
the " bagmoin • ^-England, oo motion of It. K. Scwall, a resolution was 

adopted cordially expressing web approval. The mojrer aui<taiocd tbe resolution by 
a aeries of facts relating to the earliest history of that {art of . wr coast, and afford ing 
• ■net of the occupancy of Monbegan and Pemaquid at tbe opening of tbe l~t£ 
century. 

The president added a quotation from " Tie early history of New-England, by 
Increase Mather, written in 1157(1 " : — "a relation of the first 
reason of the -.lie first paragraph bending to establish tbe same point". 

l»r. I.connrd Woods followed with remarks on evidence of a very early settlement at 
PWMHIllll 

Qen. John M. Brown offered remarks on the future work of the society, particu- 
larly in rescuing and preserving facts of local history, as bad been done in regard to 
Pemaouid, and then of correcting erroneous impreeaione made liv the earlier histo- 
ries of New-Eogwnd. The llun. .1. W . Bradbury, LL.D., followed on the aame 
general subject. 

The Xew-Hamtsuikb Histokical Socixrr. 

Tbe fiftieth annual meeting -if the N. II. Historical Society was held in Concord, 
N. II., June 19, 1*72. 1'. 11. Cogswell was elected secretary pro lent. 

Iu the absence of the K< v. Dr. 11 .u ton. the report of the corresponding secretary 
was road by Joseph B. Walker, and accepted. 

On motion uf John A. Harris, ■ inks was passed to Dr. Wax. Proscott 

for the donation of valuable papers made by him to the society ; also to John J. and 
Samuel N. Bell, for valuable papers uf the late Judge Bell, preset: a to 

the* 

report of taw trc.-wnrer Was" read and accented. 
J. B. Walker, from the ooiinittw on remodelling of the society's building, made) 
a Terbal report concerning the improvements now in progress, which wns accepted. 
Remarks in referei»ce to the )>roper care of libraries were made by William B. 
Towne. who offered to be one of any number of gentlemen to give fi 100 
fund, the income of which should be expended for the support of a librarian. 

John J. Bell. tNM tbe publishing committee, made a verbal report, rccno - 
ing tliat the proceedings of the society should be printed and circulated anv^ 
raemtwrs bv tbe pabut uittee, which recommendation was adopted on 

motion of John M. Sliirlc\ . 

Dr. BouUm wns im serving on tlie committee on the Bradley Monu- 

ment, nnd the Hon. Mow- I wns elected to fill the vacnn 

i trkfl in reference to certain mineral* and geological specimens, belonging to 
tbe society, were made by Messrs. J. B. Walker and John A. Harris, and the sub- 
ject of disposing of them was referred to tbo committee on reports, etc. 

Mr. Towne, from tbe committee on nominations, reported the follow 
officers, and they were elect l 

B/— The Hii Churl. II Hell. 

-Hi. Hon. William L VbstsT, John M. Shirley, Esq. 
Corrcsi/onding Secrttoru—'The Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D.D. 
Rttoraing Secrtlaty — P. B. Cogswell. 

Vill John J. Bell. Samuel C. F.r 

I B. Walker, KUm/.-t S. Tuwle, 
rtar— Abel Hutching, John A. Harris. 
Mr. Pike, from tlie committee on now members, reported the f ..lbwing, who were 

•xirij fitmber $ J oseph L. Chester, \, Ion, England j Chariot B. Go 

i e N. Tnrbox, Marshal] P. Wilder. Lathca I. .11 Idea, Boston, Mass. ; • ■• 

A. Marden, [/>w. Humphrey, Bangor, Me. 

A<'t i at Aunoera — W. W. Bailey, Virgil V. Oilman, ' 
C. Moore, Cornelius V. Dearborn, Edward Spalding, Frank A. McKean, Nashua ; 



1873.] 



Societies and llieir Proceedings. 



99 



ivid Crow, Joseph W. Pellows, Lewis W. Clark, OttnttB W.StmlCT, UhmI 
Jones W. Emery, Albert It. Hatch, Portsmouth ; J Day, 

: Albjart Bnitb, Peterborough; II. S. Camming), Exeter; Qeorge '■ 
Gbarlestown; George 1J, Mntstcn, Will rh F. Stewart, Jacob 

H. Gallinper, John 11. Albiu, Rraneis A. Fkke, Edward Dow, nl ; '■. ■<:■•■ 

F. Becde, Fremont; the Rev.Josiah G. Davis, Ambenrt; Clinton S. Aterill, Bain- 
bridge Wsdleigh, Milford; I. K. Gugc.Fishcrville; Charles S. Faulkner, Keene; 
Joaislt C. Eastman, llampstead. 

Ai Mm i-sening session the Rev. Dr. Cummings, the; Hon. W. L, Foster, the 
Sylvester Dana, were appointed to prepare memorial notices of President Nullum 
r. Pro!. Dyer H. Sanborn, ol HupkinUm, and Prof. Julio S. Wood- 
man, of Hanover. 

The society Knarred to the Representatives' Hall, about'8 o'chick, P. M. t where 
the Rev. Dr. I. N. 'fur box, of Boston, delivered a very Interesting and btftxuol 
draw upon the En rly History of Dartmouth College. A Am oil piloting 
Rct. Samson Oceom, the titxt Indian minister win. I England, was enV 

also a HTIDOn pleached bj him, mid n (inn-k Testament VUOO formerly belonged to 
him, both now owned in Concord. 

Notk. — By a letter from live Rev. Dr. Bouton, we lenrn tlmt this society has, 

dnrin- • ason, refitti-i: tin- buildingier-amU poa ibeta in*, arrang- 

■ two upper stories with alcoves fur Hie libnu and mating it fire proof. By 

■ml contribution of members uod frionds, the entire cost bos been paid. — 

[Emtor.J 

Vebmont HisTonicjit. Soctttt. 
The Annual Meeting of the Vermont Historical Society was holdcn in the general 
itceroom al Douse. in Montpelier, on Tuesday afternoon. October 

B, 1873, and waa called I larbj iheBev. n illium H. Lord, D.D., prosti 

Ool, Henna D. Hopkiw oiumtoi the annual report of tbu traasoier, which was 
pled. 
The H<.<n. Charles Reed presented the annual report of the librarian, which was 
adopted. 

tuition, the following named gentlemen were elected mewhflH of the loolots : 
Gilbert A. D:i vis, Reading ; Ool. W heeloak O. Veasejr, Rnl Kittredge 

-, hi-.ml. I » i r. i " ; /,. V K Willi. in, Eso., Jtiiilninl ; K J. Ormsbee, Esq.. 

Brandon; Hon. Barnsj rViabb, PbaUoaar: A. M. Oucrlv, M.I>., Phteford; Orel 

M.D., Mi'iidun j the lion. H..vf II. lit heeler, Jamaica ; Ilirnm A.Hnfil 
dolpb; Henry Hean, Northin 1.1 ; VViUiana A. Colwall, Georgia; David I. 
Milton; tbe Rev. J. Copelsnd, Wnterhury; the ll. Ballard, Fai 

Henry A. Harmon. Bennington; L. Howard Kellogg, Benson; the Rev. Alfred 
Stevens. Wcetrnn 

0:i [i.ntinii of tbe Hun. Ililiind Hull, the president appointed a committee to nomi* 
Lbeensaingyi lowi QBanaHeJJ, Own (.'lurk, '.buries 

1>> v. , who reported tbs sallowing lint o( i-nmliilsius, who were duly elected : 
Prf.<.i'!<nt—\\ illinui II. I<nrd, D.D., Montpelier. 

-}'rttii!ini3—'l'\ii! Hun. •JniiH-M Itnrrett, Woodntock ; tlie Hon. Huyt II. 
Wheeler. Jamaica ; Lather L. Dateber, Bka.., St. Albans. 
■rding Secretary — Hiram A. Huso, MontpeUor. 
<l>onding Secrelarff— Tlio lion, tieorge G. Benedict, Burlington ; Orville S. 
Bliw, Georgia-. 

■ ■< /•— i 'ol. Herman D. EfopUna, lAeDtpdlflra 
l/brahm — The Hon. Charles Ret d. Montpelier. 

Hoard of Curators— Helirv Chirk. RutbUU . tlie RoO. Jol D 1'.. Clow-hind, Brook- 

field; the Hon.KaBBell S .T.itc, Burlington ; theHoo. Franklin Fairbanks, St. Job ns- 
hury ; the Hon. E. P. Wnlton, Montj*lier ; M. C. Eilmunds, M.D., Wewton ; QoL 
Kittn-i!^- Iln-kiii'j. I.i x 

I'h. presadsmt annonnoed Ibe appointment nftlre following standbir cotomitteea : 

Prin'.iny and Publishi/i?/ CsjmmtfM — Hiland Hull, BoBangtoOi L. P. Walton, 
Montpelier; Charh-H Reed, Montptlier. 

O a S Ht ef— P. D. Bradford, Northlicld ; Charles S. Smith, Mont- 
jielii-r; Ruiwell S. Trlt, Burlington. 

On Finance— Charles Dewey, Jlontjidier; Charles Reed, Montpelier ; Franklin 
BUrbanks, .St. Johnabniy. 

Miss AbbyM. Hcmcnvrajj of Burlington, in a pleasant letter, rumasulu] to tbe so- 
ciety an autograph letter of George Washington to James Madison, dated nearly 



100 



Societies and their Proceeding!. 



[January, 



one hundred years ago, and covering fonr pages of letter-paper ; also, two bound 
volumes of her Vermont Gazetteer. Miss llenicnway mu elected an honorary 
member of the m 

On motion of Uoo. {Maud Hull, it was voted that the Rer. William II. Lord. 
D.D., president of tbe society, be hit i tod to prepare a paper on the " Ualdiiu&ud 
pupcre,'' to bo read at the next meeting of the sock ty. 

notion of the Boa I P Walton, it was voted thnt Henry 8w.-> 
Woodst- -k, I" invited to prepare a paper on the origin of tbe nameaof tlie oonnttM 
m in Vermont. 

Oo motion of Henry Clark, it wan voted that the Hon. James Barrett, of Wood- 
stock, he invitf.l feo prepare a paper on tbo Life and Services of the late Hon. L.-yal 
1 • hu Uogw, of Ifensun. 

On motion of Henry Clark, it wok voted tltni the next annual meeting be b< 
Rutlurui, on the .second Tuesday in October, IK73 (provided that no eoaion of tbe 
lature is convened). 

On notion 01 the Hon. Julius Converge, the society adjourned to meet in theReprc- 
I ill. nt 2 o'clock. P.M., to listen to tbe annual address by the Hud. Lu- 
cius K. Chittenden, of New- York. 

Kviixixa.— The society met in the hall of the houae of representatives, where 
also assembled a large audience of ladies and gentlemen. 

After prayer by the Rev. Alfred Stevens, of Westminster, tbe Rev. William H. 
Lord, I) f)., president of the sx-ictv, in i» happy and pertinent manner introduced 
the Hon. Lucius E. Chiltcndeu, of New- York, who proceeded to answer the -inert ion, 
■ Icrogn?" 

It was n BUM interesting and thoroughly prepared review or risunU of the opera- 
tions awl events u bated in (lie capture of Ticunderocn h 

I doubt, iu lbs inmit, the mutt accurate presentation of the lii<-t<»rj ofita cap- 
ture that hnsever been made, a* Mr. Chittenden fa I no research f».t 
hearing upon tlie subject. It had the cluse and gratified att. i 
irly two hours. 

At the conclusion of tho address, Henry Clark offered the following resolution. 
which vrn 

Rr.uilv.rd, Thut the thank* of tin Vermont Historical Society are eminently A 
the Hon. L K. Chittenden f >r the rrpvared pleasure be ha» al □ in listen- 

ing to his able and eloquent defence of Vermont's great hero, Ethan Alien. 

The American Antiquarian Soctett. 

The annual meeting | - was held at their ball, in the 

Monday, the 81st of October, 1878, at 11 o'clock, the 
Hon. Stephen Salisbury tin: [incident in the chair. 

iIm report of tbo oonnei] embodied a history of the doings of the society during 
the preceding half year, in which was given a moat satisfactory exhibit of thi 
etantiiil proejierity and UKcfulnoss of the society , at evinced in its financial c >:»liiMii. 
tlie rapid inorcAM of its library and other collections, and the constant use made 
.,1 Its books by authnni of volumes and other puhlic writers. Among their own 
members, several have given valuable productions to the public, "I whiofa the 
•• History qf the Rise of the Rtpuhiu .;,' the Vn itett StaJts.' ' by tlie Hon . Richard. Froth- 
inghnm, is special ly to be coin mended. The society hoe enured to be put in type 
ON half of the new and enlarged edition of " Tht History of Prtnliny " by 
lsuiuh Thomas, the founder of the society. Thut will be one of the most important 
works ever printed in this country. 

Tin: report of the treasurer. Mr. Nathaniel Paine, showed the state of the several 
funds of tho society to be as follows : 

Libra riau's end Gen. Fund, $28,058 00 

Collection and Research Fund, 14,137 08 

Brnktunding Fund, 10,167 K4 

Publishinij Fund, 10,123 77 

Salisbury Building Fund. 10,000 23 

ibmiiun, Mr. Samuel F. Haven, reported thnt during the Inst six months the 
library bad noeivnd by gift, 817 books, 9,04] pamphlets, 4 volumes of newspapers), 
mid 111 unbound newspapers, besides a small addition by purchase "'ge. 

The H>n. Stephen Salisbui . I ' ■ castor (who pret-entcd an interesting | 
upon *• The Har-Snnngtcd Banner and National Air- "), was re-elected president of 
the society, with the following named officers as assistants : 



Isaac Davis Fund, §070 12 

Lincoln Legacy Fund , hl&tSd 



Total, 



$75,845 23 




1813.] 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



101 



-The lion. Benj. F. Thomas, LL.D., of Ronton, and Mr. James 
Letiii, ul Ni-w-1'ork. 

I ;/.'— The Hon. Iwac Dirfc, LL.D.. U» B».«. H. Shnrtlcff, 

MIL. 'I . Sj.iiiiii-I V. lluv, n. v. the Rev. / 

Joseph Ejergent. M.n., VTotMstM . (Sheaies Denne, LL.D.. I i the Rer. 

■■eeetser, D.D., Worcester; too U ' rVolMngl i, LL !.►.. Uhnrlee- 

town: the Hon. Henry Chnpin, Worcester; the Hon. J. lliiuimond Trumbull, 

I I lilt Inn 1. 

■f foreign. Correspondmce—T\\e ITon. Chav Sumner, LL.D., Boston. 
•my of 1> Oil I mptm BJlllOI The Hun. Emory Waahburu, LL.D., 

Cambridge. 

iflry — Col. John D. Washburn, Worcester. 
Treasurer — Mr. Nathaniel 1'nine. 

Committee of Pul'ficalion— Mr. Samuel F. Haven, Worcester ; tlie Rev. Edward 
£. Hale, Boston ; Charles Dcanc, LL.D., Cambridge. 
Auditors — The Hon. Isaac Davis LL.M.. Worcester; the Hon. Ebenezcr Torry , 

org. 
Tli" president called attention b0 ttfl fact tlmt. the Inscription on the lOttb of John 
Smith, in St. Sepulchre's Church. London, woe becoming obliterated, and it wan 
proposed that a mnml uihlut, with the . should bo placed in 

:r*naeof the membera of the society. The matter was referred to 
the Hon. Oeo. F. Hoar and Mr. S. 9. Haven, with power to act. 

Alter the reading of Mr. SulinhuryV interesting paper and the presentation of 
s?me curious communications, nutogrnphs, fto., Eg attotal of the society, and 
remarks thurcun, the society adjourned. 

Nkw-IIates Colont Historical Socrrrr. 

The public meetings of this society are four in number. ami fire bald for the year 

3, on thesecoau Hondas erf December. January, February ami Man-h. 
At the annul] Bfjetbu belo 1 at the society's rooms on Monday evening Nov. 25, 
1872. tin following gentlemen were elected* officers for the ensuing year ; 
■— Hcnrv White. 
I. -/VmrfCTt/— The Rev. E. E. Benrdaley. 
'J'rrasu rer— Nut huu Peck. 
Secretary — Franklin B. Dexter. 
And an advisory committee of eight directors. 

Tni Niw-Loxdom County (Conn.) Historical Society. 

The annual meeting of the society was held iu New-London, Monday, Nov. 25th. 
The reports of the (secretary aud treasurer were read, which showed Be society to 
be in un excellent condition financially, (^uite a number of donations had been 
received during the year from ditlerent individuals. The (olio wing officers were 
elected : 

i 'cut— La Fayette S. Foster. 

I / ■'.<— Charles J. McCurdy, Aahhel Woodward, Franc in 1!. foomie, 

—Thomas 1'. Field, Hiram 1'. Anus, Henry J'. Haien. H I 
limn II. rotter, Johu T. Wait, Qtarge W. tioddard, Henry J. Gallup, J. George 
Kidiitnl A. Wli.-eler,TbomM8hlpoan, .':n M, John W. Stcdman, 

Daniel Ixe, Hinun Willey, Leydanl BflJ, QeorgC Piatt, Kulph Wheeler. 

feretory—- John P. C. Mather. 

Trra*t;rrr— William H. Rowe. 

CJco. Pratt then delivered the annual address, on " The Privateers of the Revolu- 
tion," which waa Listened U» with great interest by those present. He commenced 
by alluding to the first naval conflict of the Revolution, and to the eeiiure of the 
brigNaney. in July, l??.>, by Cepfc Robert ; NOm, ol Norwich. t'npt. Mies waa 
placed in command of tbehnteoa I iiruied vessel, the Spy, of Norwich; 

!i the first armed v«nm»1 taken by Connecticut, if not the first taken in the war, 
was the 20 gun vewel taken on the hike by the Ticondcruga expedition, to the com- 
mand ol which, with the rest ol the fleet on the lake. Jeremiad lialsey, of Preaton, 
grandfather of Jeremiah Halsey, of Norwich, waa appointed. 

Air. Pratt then dttailed the connection of Thomas Mumford of Uroton with the 
Tfoonderoga expedition, and with the fitting nut of privateers from New-Lindon, 
using extracts and illustrations from the papers of Mr. Mumford in his possession. 

Vol. XXVII. 9* 



101 



BooiXuices. 



[Janoarj, 



The efforts of Silas Draw and others before the first continental congress to get the 
naval station fixed at New-London were alluded to. and it wu shown that tbe first 
'-of emigres were thrr* eqi i- ci •rnsprmdenr' 

1 e Went Indies, hit* directions to his cuputirei, the priw lists an 
of the privateers were read to illustrate the manner and extent of the baainea*, and 
with a general summary of the devils of the count; in the Revolution the a 
closed. 

The thanks of tbe society were voted to Mr. Pratt for hat address, and a copy of 
it was requested for publication. 

The seal adopted by the aocisty, the device of which was reported by Led yard 
Bill, has a reiircMenUtkm of the Thame* river from tbe western bank, a wharf and 
schooner in the foreground, Urotou monumeul rising on tbe opposite bank, and a 
canoe with two Indians crossing the stream. 

N«rr-E.\nia!m Society o? Nrnr-Yot*. 

The Ncw-Rnglnnd S-eiety held an annual meeting on the evening of Dc 13. 
18? J Tb*) annul report was submitted by President Cowdin. Il strongly recom- 
mends the project of an erection of a permanent building commensurate with tbo 
importance of such an institution. The report of the finance committee shows that 
the assets were $S7,«00, while the records of the year show larger receipts. I 
menilirrsliip and it larger permanent fund than ever before. The charily com 
report that they have visited 313 persons at a cost of $966.?'.'. 

The following-named officers were elected lor tbe ensuing year : 

JV».',i!. •. '—I'IkiI C. Cbwd 

Firti VufPretidenl—lsac II. Bai 

-aidenl — Col. William Borden. 

/»; f/trrs— Uorman B. Eaton, WiUiam II. F^e. William II. Fogg. Levi P. Mor> 
laniel F. Appleton, Parker Handy, Jinx* 0. Porter, UeorgeWalker. . 
>1. IUt», Charles 0. LbikIuu. Clmrka L. Tiflany, Richard Butkr, Stewart L. 
"YVoodWd, It. F.. W. Lftmbert, George F. Baker, Alfred S. Hatch. 

Treasurer — f, other B. Wyman. 

Secretary— L. P. Hubbnra. 

i-imittco was appointed to report resolutions expressive of tbe loss of tbo 
society in the death of Horace Greeley. 






BOOK-NOTICES. 

Wilmington, Nortli Carolina, Past, Present and Future. History of its 
llitrltar, with Detaileil Reports of the Work for Improving and Rett 
the same, note being conducted by the ( tea Government, 

and Advantages as an Entrepot fur the Western Cities, Harbor ofH 
and Citaiing Dtpatjbr Surg and Merchant Marine, Published by order 
of the Chamber of Cominem . Wilmington, N. C. : J. A. KngelbarJ, 
Printer. 1872. 8vo. pp. 84. 

Annual Reports of the Municipal Officers of the City of Wilmington, A'. C, 
for the Fiscal Year beginning January 10fA, 1871, and ending January 
Btft 1872. "Wilnuncton, N. C. : S. G. Hall, Printer. 1872. 8vo. 



pp. 






The first of these pamphlets contains many valuable documents upon the sub- 
jects indicated in Liu- title. The principal report in the second pamphlet is that of tbo 
Hon. Silas N.. Mart in, mayoral Wilmington, 187I--J. It shows i with great clearness 
tbe financial, irnlimtrinl and sanitary condition of the metropolis of North Osj 
a state whose prospects ore moat anaating, and which in drMined to make great 
advances in material pn*|nrit> in the nau Quarter of a century. The first pani- 
'. we presume that Mr. Martin, to whom we are indebted 
for copies of both pamphlets, ie tho compiler. i. n. o. 






1873.] 



Ii'Hik-Notlca. 



103 



The Bristol County Directory and BtM0W for 1872 : containing a Classi- 
fied Lint of Professions. Trades and Mercantile Pursuits, arranged 
A!fd.ft/-rticril/y for each City and Town: also oottitd ■■.find and 

I, with a Register of Societies, Town Officer: 
a Full List of the atmqfaeturlna Companies and Corporations in the 
County of Bristol. Mastach metis. Compiled, Printed and Published by 
Dkan i/ddlet, No. 8 Congress Square, Boston: 1878. 8vo. pp. 8 W, 6& 
Brief Sketches of Freetown, Fall River and Fairhacen. By Khkni./kjc 
; Peirck. Boston : Printed for the Author, by Dean Dudley. 
1872. 8vo. pp. 26. 

The present issue of the Bristol County Directory contain*, beeidesa business direc- 
tory, a greater amount of historical matter relative to that county than an-, 
publication that we can call to mind, much of which ha* never l»-i 

print. TIuti- in hlftorlcal sketches of nob of the Dioataso cities and town*, eome 
of which are qalta lengthy. Bight ol tbsM sketches have been contributed by 
On. Peine, or Fiaetown, namely, tin three reprinted in the pamphlet whose 
is given above, and those of A am un t. Dighton, Somerset, Swansea and rVeetport. 
Tbaakvtehesof tbaotber towns, namely, Attlsboroogh , Bartisy. Dartmoatb, Kaston, 
Mnnrik-ld. New-Bedford, N . Retool otb, Seekonk and Taunton, have 

bean rarnobed by the Ber. Enoch Sanford, the Bon. John l)nggeti, the Kc\. liar- 
timer Blake, D.D., itbeo I Imlftn, Esq., or compiled from aotbantifl I 

by the editor. Mr. Dudley annoanoss that the book will be reproduced with great 
improvements and entirely new matter in two or three years. He deserves great 
praise t< it the pains he has tuken to pejaiH the local history of the places of v\ liicli 

Le poblhdx 

A small i •ditiiii of the pamphlet by Gen. Peirce has been reprinted, for private 
distribution, with the type Ml for the directory. J. w. D. 

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale College deceased during the Acade- 
viiral Tear rutting is Jilhf, I8f2j including thr Record of a frte who died 

a sJ«>r' tint iimiiimi, hitherto unreported [presented at tl< ■■< the 

Alumni Jul,/ LOflt, 1872). A'". 2 oj rh< Kvond Printed Series anil S 1 

of tJie whole Record. [Ni JW-] I KVOD, ( 'win. : 1872.] 8vo. pp tO, 
The first number of the Record, printed in 1860, was noticed at the time ofjts 
lippcarnnce (Ueoistek, vol. xiv. 375). Since then one volume of 3HM pages < IH60-70) 
baj bean oompletod, and two numbers of a second issued. Wa believe this I ■ ■liege was 
the first to prepare annual obituui -eased graduates, and the first nun to 

issue them in pamphlet form. The biographical sketches mast havo cost a great 
deal of labor, as most of them are very complete as to facts and dates. J. V. ». 

A Desire for Uemnm. A Se rmon preached on Swdau, September 8, 1871, 

i; ; CL D. MiiADLEK, Pastor of ihi.' •' ( lunch of the Redeemer," lli 
Printed, not Published. Boston: Press of John Wilson and Son. 1871. 

rjinii. pp, ic. 

Farewell: A Sermon Preached on Sunday. April 2lst, 1872. By C. D. 

Hi: LDL1 k. Pastor of the " Church of the Redeemer." Boston. A 

Slight sketch of the " Church of the Redeemer." Printed, not Publi-licd. 

Boston : Press of John Wilson ami Sou. 12mo. pp. 13. 

Christ All in All: A Sermon preached at the "Churrh of the Good Santa- 

titan," September 1st. L872 | Knt 65 noon at the Beginning of a Tempo- 
rary Pastorship of said Church). By C D. BkaiiLEE, Late Pttstor Of 
tin ■' ( hurch of the Bedeomer. Boston: Press of John Wilson and 
Sun. im72. I2mo. pp. 13. 

The author entitles the first of these pamphlets : "A Sermon of Comfort 
who wlm mm • iiui.il" Mourners by tint I !efTibia Disaster st Revere, Situ; i 
ing. Aug. 20, 1871, with special mention of the late Dr. JKaro S. Gannett." 
He has words of cheer and sympathy for the mourners, and truthfully sketches 
the mental portrait of bis revered friend Dr. Chuiuctt. 



Book-Soticts. 



[January, 



The other pamphlet* mark llw clow of Mr. Bridle* 's ministry to ono church and 
the If - :Ls ministrations to another. In the Farcw.il Sermon, w: 

gives a history of the Church of the Bedeener, of which be was tho first au< 
pastor, be pays a cordial tribute to the friends who bare aim* ted l.iiu in Imp labon 

:i and Snbbath school. In the lest eermoD Mr. Bredlee lays daw 
creed, which appeal* to be, like that of Dr. Gannett, " midway between the ration- 
alism and evangelical tendencies of the present day." 

The works are suggestive of thought, and are eloquently expressed. a, w. p, 

■'* of George BuMard, from 1600 to 1872. By Lcther Pkes- 
i:d. New- York: L. P. Hubbard, (Ml Wall 1-71. 

8vo. pp. o4. 

A Family History ; John ton, Stewart. Wilton, Sourer s. Washington: ( 
Brothers, Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 17. 

Manorial Record, In Memory of [Me] Hon. hereout Sumner, of I 
Bai ■■ I /oat. A Funeral Discourse by [.'.' 

With an Appendix, containing Obituary Notices of the Press; Ii 
and Prnwdings of the BerksJdre liar ; and Dedicatory Erer rises of Julia 
Sumner Hull. Bridgeport, Conn.: Gould »v Stiles. 1871 

The Hubbard genealogy is confined to a few lines, but is very full as to facta 
and dates, in those lines. It is embellished with several photographs. The 
patnphlrt. bj Winslow M. Watson. Esq., was written, we are told, " to con. . 
rate llic remarkable virtues of the families from which Mrs. B.twers [wbu died at 
., N. V., Feb. 6, 1873, aged W] was descended, maternally and pater- 
nally, of whose rare excellence she was herself a signal example, and to : 
some sketches of lbs family of her husband," a 

Mass. Mrs. Bowers'* mother was Mrs. Martha W ilson, whose life [| found in Mrs. 
Ellett s Women of the Revolution. The tide- page of the third pamphlet will 
answer for its table of contents. The lion. Increase- Sumner, a son of Daniel and 
I i i (Watson) Sunnier (antr, ix. 30ft), tM a prominent citizen of (Irene 
Barrington. and ut his death, Jan. 27, 1871, held the office- of judge of the di 
court. Julia .Sumner Hall, built by him as a memorial of a favorite daughter who 
dint nt the ago of twenty-fire, in lti64, was dedicated as a public hull , J une 88 

hyy of the Allen and Witter Familiet; among the Early Settlers of 
this Continent and their Descendants. By Asa W. Allen. Salon 
Printed by Luther W. Smith. 1872. 12mo. pp. 251. With a portrait 
of the author. 
Of lbs! boot 150 pages arc devoted to the Allen family, and 18 pages to the V, 



A large portion of the'rest ol the book is taken up with an r*s»y on The Eail 
tiers of this Country. There secure to be little attempt to form regular gencalogicB by 
•■ling the different individuals; and few dates of birth, death and marriages 
are given. Ilaofa material for future genealogists is, however, preserved h«r»; 
uud person* of the name will no doubt be interested in the work. Those a 
(■.(pies (-in procure them of the author, A. W. Allen, Salem, Columbiana C 
Ohio, who will mail them for $l.tf5 and the postage. J. w. d. 

Sheet* from an Esiay toward an Indian Bibliography, an Extract from a 

• of Books relating to the History of the American Indium, in 

(!,■■ Ltararji of Thomas W. Field. New-York : Scribner, Armstrong 

dt 0a, Smeeasora to Charle- $a Ita -r ft Company. 187'.'. 

Thin catalogue will bt especially valuable to American historical si 
will of i o ii- I- ■ found iu all puiitic, and in almost nil private lihraries. The 
Full and cow 
Who Mill undertake to give us a catalogue, on the plan here used, of all original 
jihlets, papers and memoirs, relating in the whole or in part 
history of what is now the United States? Such a work need not b 
voluminous, nud could be prepared in focac or five years by an iudustrious and 
asnpttBut pencn. Booh a work would sell, for it is needed. 



1873.] 



BvoJc-Xvticet. 



105 



Tfie -' in the West; or, America Iff ore Columbia. A Tale. Hy 

R. M. r..vi.i..\Mi- > TJio Iron Harm, 01 I - i r- ■ on tin- Line; 

"Thfl Floating Liglit of the Goodwin Sand*;" "TIm Lifeboat 1 a Tale 
of our Coast Heroes :" "Erling the Boldt" "Shifting Winds: a Tough 
Yarn: " " The Lighthouse: being the story of ft great Fight between 
Man and the Sea; "Gasooyne," &c. &c. VS'iih Illustrations. London: 
James Nisbet & Co., 21 Berners street. New-York: T. Nelson «Jc Sons. 
1872. 12ino. pp. viii. and -100. [For sale by A. Williams &. Co., 135 
Washington street, Boston. Price SI. 7 6.] 

Mr. Ballnntyne has an established reputation for skill in weaving historical facts 
and incidents, natural phenomena, and the most tatereariag and iiiij.irtant details 
of the various trades, arte and callincs of life into agreeable aDd instructive stories. 
Bit books are healthy and true to nature. 

The volume under notice is founded upon certain well authenticated Icelandic 
sagas, which, it is agreed by khOM WHO htm given the subject the most careful and 
jent study, relate to a series of voyages by tbe Northmen to the east const of 
North America between the years 986 and 1027. The author follows very closely 
Mr. lying's translation ,,! "'I'!..- l|. in l.rui-la. DC Chronicles of the Kings of 
Norway.' and confine* himself to voyages from Greenland to what the Nuribmen 
called Yinmnd or Viiieland, supposed to be the southern parts of MaieacbuHetta and 
Rhode Island, and more particularly the regions about Narragansctt and Buzzard 

nould suggest to Mr. Ballantynu thut his use of the word Xvritmen instead of 
Northmen is not correct. The word JVbrse was originally and properly applied to 
the patois spoken by the olonihth Iroiu Norway who settled in the: Orkney Islands 
and in the county of Caithness, Scotland, and afterward was tbe name of the dialect 

S token bt the pcumntry of Norway. The original inbabitanU of Denmark, 
orwny, Sweden, and those of Iceland and Greenland were one people, who came, 
probably, from the region* iboat the Black Sea and the river Don. They first 
settled in that part of northern Europe Balled J Denmark, but gradually spread over 
Norway and Sweden, and immigrants found their way to various islands in the 
northern ocean. The generic epithet or name lor this people was, and is, Seandi- 
naviaia. Their bBgMM *iu« flailed, down to the close of the thirteenth 01 ntury, 
tbe Danish tiiuruc (l»onsk tiingo), and was spread not unly over Denmark, 
Norway and Sweden, but o\ n Germuy (Suxlnnd), and over a part of 

od and Scotland. It was carried also to Iceland and (Jreenland. and thin old 
1 Isiiish ton cue was the language in which what is called "the flourishing historic 
l literature of the north " had its rise aud growth, — a field of study of the greatest 
interest. 

These people, then, — the entire body of Scandinavians, — who spoke tbe Donsk 
H Don*ufa tongue, were called Nortlnoen, and it was Northmen who first 
come to the east coast of North America (nut the irrrt coast as Mr. Bullantyao 
has it). 

History of Isxington, Kentucky, — Its Early Annals and Recent Progress, 
1 'tiding Niograji/a'cai Sketches and Personal Reminiscences of the Pioneer 
Sutlers, Notices of Promt <« it' < 'iti:ens t Sfc.SfC. Fv QSOBOS W, EL 

iinti: Robert Clark & Co. 1872. 8vo. pp. vi. and 428. Largo 
heavy paper, muslin cover, price §•!., by mail, prepaid. 

Historically, geographically and socially , Islington is one of the most interesting 
cities in America : with two or three exceptions none are more so. The era of her 
foundation, the character of the men who built her up, and protected her from 
destruction oi her infancy, are historic At one time, and for many years, sin- mi 
I , literary ana com teetotal ■fltropoHl of ' ' the great Nurthwejit " of tho 
United States. The men and women of Lexington have made her famous. 

The author aimed to make a thorough and accurate local history. Be has 
evidently succeeded, end produced a book which is written in good English, with 
prnwr reserve, and in • It is a model in these resfiects. 

The publishers have put tbe book into a very attractive diess, as to type, paper 
and binding. 



106 



Book-Notices. 



[January, 



Our Flag. Origin and Progress of thet FBm of the United Stain of 
Amtr ica, iei/A an Introdm 

Banner t and FLigs of Ancient anil Modern Xulioiu. B) 
Prkdlc, U. S. N. Albany - 

This book is dedicated " not to the living but to the dead : • • to the memory 
of those gallant spirits who by land or sea hare fought and conquered, 
defence of the banner it oommemorat**." It in the work of our n 
the nn»t able, meritorious and faithful officers of to* nary, who by even id 
official or professional life baa enlarged and perpetuated tbe record of useful and 
honorable service performed on tea and land by his predecessors of the naur, and 
whose personal qualities have mdeured hita t.i his numerous friends in all j<irtn 

•>untry. Our readers have been too much ind 
valuable article* of a historical and genealogical nature to need any assurance that 
whatever he undertakes will be done thoroughly. 

This is a full and exhauative book. It in the result of more than twenty yean' 
reading and research. Tbe author informs us that more than a thousand xdutnes 
have been examined in the preparation of these memoir*, and the correspondence 
which such a w«rk necessitated has been immense. Tbe volume is profusely illus- 
trated, oik! ui part by colored plates ; the illustrations heinr over one b 
number. The letter-prew is in handsome style, and Mr. .Munsrll has spai 
| ng out the book in an attractive form. This edition of 500 copies was 

published by eubscrip 

It would be useless fur us to attempt hero to convey by analysis, or abstn 
adequate idea of the contents of the volume : that, perhaps, is «u0 i -uted 

by the title-page. It would seem a* though there could be no fact or 
moment Mating to tlie history of the flag, which happen- 

lauds or on the ocean, in peace or in war, that has escaped tbe a. 
atU:iiiiii. Besides this, wc have a learned and voluminous introduce 
upon the Bags, banners, and so forth, of ail other countries, from the carlfc 
down Id the present day. 

It will readily be acen, therefore, that the range of tho volume a very wide. Wl 
believe it will bo found aUv> to he accurate in dates, names and mem. 

The book i* an honor to the author, to tbe navy, and t« U*r country at larg> 
onght to be republished so that it may bo generally circulated; tor, 
historical interest, it is replete with illustrations of bravery, of patriotic den.' 
public duty, and of private virtue, which, it rightly heeded, may be of the gr 
service to the young and to the old in all parts of the country, among all classes of 
our people, in public as well as in private Ufa. 

A .1/ 'try. By M. E. Tn.vi.ltrntr.R. fi.rmorlv Teacher 

of 1 1 l Composition in the Packer Collegiate Institute, Brooklyn, 

N. V. WDmd, EBoqUq A Co., 187 Walnut street, ( 
Bond street, New- York. 8vo. pp. 376. 

Tbe study of ancient history is both a duty and a pleasure. A pleasure, because 
it rereads to us the fact that though the progress of the human race has been mark- 
ed by vicimituilcs of good and evil fortune, yet that, upon the whole, its progress 
has been no ascending, not a descending ono. A duty, because no nation or 
people in its turn has begun its career at the highest point reached by nn\ 
predecessors, in those renpecN that determine tbe ctvilimtion of on age or p 
such hm it* art, science, morals, religion, industries Bnd government ; twcau.«*. like 
tho human individual, each has its period of infancy, maturity and decay, aud so 
affords tnwu it- iij>erionoos to succeeding nges and peoples an endle* van 
examples both for warning and encouragement. We need to know why and wherein 
tbey miled or succeeded. 

Never, since history began to be a common study, have tbe opi 
ennal to tbe present fur gaining ■ lull, fair and comparatively just view of the pass. 
; durations of archaeologists, the discoveries of geographers and the investiga- 
tions of criticul scholars in all countries have reduced to table much that has passed 
fur truth, cleared up a great many uncertainties, and brought to light many 
hidden fiicts. 

Wi- had long needed a good school manual of aaoienl history ; a work that 
should bo bused upon the advanced knowledge and opinion* of the most intelligent 



1873.] 



Book Notice*. 



107 



and critical students : that Vnould be attractive in style, and free from political, 
religious and social prejudices. 

Such it work \rc have before M. The author has used the labors of Niebnhr, 
Arnold, Bunaen, . Itawlin.son, Curtius and others, who stand among 

the brst historical Htthoritioi. 

i tin.- point whether MistThalhciinerhu* correctly reported and interpreted 

the facte included in that immense 0| ludy called " Anci.-nt History," 

tot ben Dsdertako to datarmliM it is sufficient tiiat high authority can 

id for the ku1muiiici> of the hook. 

The language i» generally wimple, and free from idioms, and the author's meaning 

i always clear. The work is strikingly accurate in the ulnar details, showing that 

Oof-Wader were cottnizunt uf the matter before tlieiu. and the book 

i ttsflaotl] printed. The colored maps and fine engravings add largely to the value 

tercet of the book, which, we doubt not, will become a general £ivuritt as 

suon as its merits are known. 

The Buckingham Family; or, (he Descendants of 7 homos Buckingham, One 
of the First Settlers of Miijor/l, Conn. Compiled at tin r, ijaast of 
William A. Buckingham, of Norwich, Conn. By [th»'l Bar. F. W. 
Chapman, A.M.. Author of the Chapman Family; Pratt Family; 
Trowbridge Family, and Coiir Family: Member of ti»o New-England 
■ -illogical Society; the Connecticut Historical Society; and 
the New-Haven Colony Historical Society. Hartford, Conn.: Press of 
Case, Lockwood & Brainard. 1872. 8vo. pp. 384. 

In this volume we have a very modest genealogy of an old find influential Con- 
nectico It is probable, if not certain, that all the Buckinghauis in the 

country belong to the family descended from Tuohas who was in Boston in 1637; 
in New-Haven in 1638 : an I m Mi I ford in 1639, where he settled, lie was one of 
.. i i which Raton and Hopkins, Davenport end Proddm i, and 

" the seven pillars " of the church formed in the last named place, Aug. 23, 
1639, of which the amiable and useful Prudden was pastor. Ho died while on a 
visit to Boston, in 1057 (later than S>pt. 10th, the date of his will), about twenty 
years after hi 

< that Mr. Chapman gives credit to numerous members of the 1 
for aid rendered by the loan of manuscript notes made independently of him and 
of wch other. Booh helps are of great advantage to the compiler of a genealogy 
in iuanv and divers ways.not the least important of which is the greater certainty 
with which they enable him to make his statements. 

te is well print, d. farnllbed with good indexes and with several por- 
trait*, among which is an excellent UkeooM of the Hon. Wiiiimn a. Backmcham, 
who was governor of Connecticut i'rum 1668 to 1866, and now holds the office of 
senator in the federal congress. 

The Chandler Family. T7ie Descendant* of William and Annis Chandler, 
%eho settled in lioxtmry, Mass., 1037. Collected bv GkORoe Chamber, 
of Worcester, Mass. Printed for the Family. Boston : Press of David 
Cbpp & Sou, 331 Washington street. 1872. 8vo. pp. xxvi. and 1212, 

Dr. Chandler was long engaged in collecting the materials for this book ; it was 
slowly and carefullyprinted^ and subjected to very thorough revision as it w.nt 
li the press. The cditiou consisted of 250 copies, of which all but 41 were 
i the recent fire. The work was prepared and printed at the expense 
of Dr. ( handler, and wt deeply jpapathiM with oln h hb loss, it is to bo hoped 
that among the thousands whoso names and history are here brought together, there 
will lie ibnnd a sufficient numlxr interested in the history of the lumily ? and grateful 
enough to Dr. Chandler for his generous labors, to take the burden of reproducing 
the book upon than* Iwe. Shoold th.'v do *", thaj will of course be able to revise 
root any enow that may ban escaped detection. If they shoold nol 
in few volumes thai rr-umin will lie memorials, not only of l)r. Chandler' I 
gr.-ut indiihtry and pious interest in nis ancestors and relatives, but also of t>" *• 
greatest conflagration that has ever afflicted Boston. 



k utiret. 



[January, 



The Trotr' ...7y; or. the DeteemdamU of Thoma$ Trotrbridtj 

of the F of Xir. Haven, Conn. Compiled at tho request of 

mas Rutherford "Trowbridge, of New-H.. By F. W. 

Ciiatmav. A.M. • • • • SVw-IIaven : Ptinderaon, Crisaml & Co., 
Printers and Lithographer*. lSZti 8vo. pp. >' 

TV Trowbridge fiunily i* not a large ooe, and nearly all, if not all, who bear the 
name in this country, are descended from Tuoius, who itmc from Taunu.ni. 
ersetshim, England, to America, not later than W3fi. perhaps as cariy ai 
and settled in Dorchester, Mass.; and in 1638 or 1839 removed to Ni-w-Haven, 
Conn., which has continued to be the chief scat of tho family to the present time. 

01 nb tamily, one of the loading members is Mr. Thomas R. Trowbridge, of 
NVw-llaTen, at whom request, and at whose charge, al< me was eon 

edited and published. It seems to be accurate ami suuVientlv lull, and the . 
are ample, and, so far as we have tested them, correct. Portraits of Mr. Trow 
and his father adorn the volume, and the appendix contains several letters written 
to him by his son William R., while travelling in foreign land*. 

It is - to see how much niort- attention i* paid to the style as w«-U 

as the matter of family genealogies than there was at one time, and that a in i 
of the recent works or this kind arc arranged after the plan recommended and need 
in the Register. We see none better. 

of the Lyman Family, in Great Britain and America ; the 
Ati'-o'nrt anrl lit < -. -it- hints of Richard Lywan, from Jlit/fi Ongwr in 

'and, 1681. liy Ltmax CoitM.iv. D.D., Professor in 
Colli Nil me poem'teat tanwii pat r in h 

AlbttfiT, N. Y.: J. Munsell, Statu street. 1872. 8vo. pp. ivi. and 

In the preface to this volume. Dr. Coleman ascribes its authorship to the late 
Blue Julia E, Lyman, daughter of (Jaius Lyman, who resided in Hartford, t 
from 1804 t • fi -ar »l I n.« decease. Bliss Lyman devoted the greater part oi 

thu leisure of ho He pari of her fur tune, and Ujo much of her physical 

strength to the accumulation of the matcri il- be this genealogy. After her decease 
the onerous task of completing tho work was laid upon Dr. Coleman, who, amid 
great discouragements, curried it forward to its present state. 

1'nrt I. i" taken up with matter relating to the English ancestry of the f.. 
and there is mi attempt to connect the first emigrant of the name with Sir John 
I/'in:in glial tonan, Ivnt., sheriff of London in 1006, and lord-mayor i;i l'!lG,and 
with the Lamberts through Sir Kadulphu* Laoitart, Knt., tod Sir Bobut ' 
Tille, Kut.. both eoid to be kins-men of '' William the Conqueror; " but the ti 
obscure, and tho conno nl. The matter in this part of the book : ax • 

bemade up of looae notes whieh Me fail to understand. We ought to bo extremely 
careful when we enter upon the genealogy of our English aucestora. The liabilitiua 
anil temptations to error in nan lull I 1 1' ill seem about equal. 

The jK-rtion of tho book which relates to the American Lymans is full, well 
arranged, and reasonably accurate. It traces the fnmily from the fir-' 
RrSaSO, who wll i co. Essex, Euglaud, where he was baptized 

•I, and who came to this country in 1631. Be was one of the first 
settlers of Hartford, Conn, from him lias grown a large mid distinguished I 

The plan upon which this genealogy is arranged follows very closely that 
recommended by the Rkuistkk. 

The volume is well printed, and bean the mark of careful proof-reading. 

The Rite, of the IiepuMic. of the United States. By Riciiard Fnomrao- 
ham. Boston : Little, Brown and Company. 1872. 8vo. pp. xxiv. 
and CM. 

Our shelves are filled with histories of the United States ; while of book* and 
essays that treat of political science, and, in n marc or less fragmentary way, of tbe 
1 questions toot haT* at&Mn from time to time in our history, the number is 
hamen**. Tbw*e, on the oim hnml, have l**-n amiiiied almost exclusive!) to the facts 
of history ; or, on tin- ■. tlur hand, ^ here they undertook to dcul with principles, it 
was in their application to paasing events and tho circumstances of tbe da\ 






1873.] 



Book-S '"'' 



109 



! philosophical treatise upon the origin and development or those 
principles and political forces which finally took form Rod exprewion in tin: American 
Union, hag li ng been 5 desideratum. Mr. Frothinghaui has made a successful essay 
in that ill* 

iji|mi nine of this book is opportune. lbs din of arms >* dying away, and 
h'[ of angry and boated paskions is yielding to tbnt bl iC-hle contort 

in which the energies of all patriotic men in the country ought to be engaged,— toe 
great task ol bfaanng up the wounds caused by t-I ■ Q war, and instituting 

and promoting thoM measure* of domestic und general economy by which tbo 
iiniustii J i!< peoplfl may be encouraged, and their comfort, happiness and 
freedom secured and perpetuated. 

Indeed we ought especially DOW to recur to first principles, lest we yieM hoe 
1 1 the Lnflucnco of those who under the exigencies of war became enamored of 
military and autocratic power. 

The public heart is so softened and the public intelligence is so quickened by re- 
wnt events, that both are prepared ti> receive good una hiultby impress; JOIUI "I the 
true spirit and purpose of the founders of t! i wbiofa we live. 

" ad in way can that Impression bo gained than by a familiar Bti 

e and growth of those great principles of political science w.'m b Us »t the basis, 
and aho tutor into the itmctan of the renonjie. 

Of the author's fitness and ability for ■ work of this character there can be no 
doubt, even in the judgment of tbosu whose minds like our own in not in:' 
by ponOOoJ afl'yiafnttlntir. with the aotbor, but who Bit oil historical 

and political writing*. The** show that bo Las a ■tgoeJous, logical an 
loeopnio mind, the instincts and habits of the scholar, and the learning that 
ive reading and rtddj. tit El progressive, but not radical, Eke El 
.on. -, but only to the extent that be would conserve whatever has proved 
itself to bo good uutil something better il oifcrcd. He is a friend of mnn, and bai 
largo faith in humanity ; i- nut a n .liticnl or social " reformer : " is not ai 
aim. He imm inquirer after train, endowed with the judii ial spirit and ca] ■ 
and is an instance, too infrequent, of bow inlhnntinl historical and polities! 
studies may be in quickening, broadening and elevating the intellect and tbo sensi- 
bilities. 

The chief obereoterittlci of thin r ota me are profound weight bite t he spirit of 
event*, wido research, and clearness of thought Hsa ntsrarnsnl 

Our limited space docs not admit of an analysis oft! and in place of 

that wo mast content ourselves with a recapitulation of the titles of the several 
chapters. These are as follows: 1. Introduction — Ideas of local sell- 
andof national union. 2. The combination of local Mli ant and 0J 

tbc New-England confederacy. 3. How aggression on tho principle of local sell- 
goeernmeei led to refutation and mter^olonuJ catTesjK)ndence, lad ban 1 1 

i ooogreof. i. The Mom of local ■df^oTonnnerit and of union Eat 
Heventy years, and their oombinnti \lbany convention, 

:>. How tho assertion by parliament of a riiclit n. tax tin colonial by toe stamp act 
la ssntinwnt or union, and occasioned a general congress. 6. How the 
as»rti" ; lomeni in tbeTownsond revenue acta of absoluti power over the 

oolonies was met by a constitution. m, and how an admiralty roval order 

elicited aotion in a similar spirit by thirteen a ol thetrloaal 

itnent. 7. How the patriots adv:. m embodiment of public opinion 

to a party organization. ', forming com rafpondsnOO, 8. How events 

ipso the American mind. UM b n the dentand fbr n general eongresH was ac- 
QQmpeni . ririona. 9. How a general congress lb 

theaa#M-[utioii of the united colonics, and bow sup: nhabit* 

sntfl of Massachnsotu? in resisting tho alteration ol th. ir BUartBT. 10. Wh 
popular leaders recognized the fact of revolution, and began to aim at Indepon 
ana bow they met the question of BOfereigntx, II, Bow the people of tni 

. by tne declaration of independence decried their existence u» ■ nation 

p. i ■• d i,i in -i: and independent states. IV. How t.l. by ordaining thn consti- 

lul ion of the United Stntxti instituted repo of, 

Of these chapters, the first, second, fourth, eighth and tenth, it strikes us, best 
show tin .- nuih or'-- peculiar merits, and bring out aime ideas that we do not recol- 
lect to have seen elaborated elsewhere. The text is happily I 

references to authorities on the unwt important poinU, and a great deal of valuable 
and not a little of new mnttcr is put into explanatory foot-notes. 

Tho style of the volume is to be highly commended. The ideas, no matter how 
Vol. XXVII. 10 



110 



Book-. Wot ices. 



[January, 



recondite, ore clothe] iu simple and exact language, aud Tram the beginning to the 
end we hate observed, what is really remarkable, but om wovd used oat i>f iu 
ordinary and natural sense. 'lhatoccureonpngeOOe, in the use of ''avocation " fur 
vocation. 

mdu u t rh and Historic Ptrsonagtt of Baton. By Samdkl Adams 
DitAhi . !":• -t'asuly Dlnstmted Beaton; dames R. Osgood and Company. 

l$72. iL'ino. pp. xviii. and 484. 

Tb© object of the author in preparing thin work, it appear*, wu to ki 
the public with a historical guide-book to the place* of interest and local 
in the city of Boston, and alai in contribute his aiil toward perpetuating tl>c 
ry of Umj personage* and event* connected with them. The author him not bi 
firth any thing new; but, what is better perhaps, be has brought together 
many facts and liilMaatlna, [ncManaa from widely nattered sources, and grouped 
than n u I I Art of ii'ivrity. 

I the author has produced a very entertaining hank. 
itl to have a large circulation, and_ will lead ©very citiwn of Boston 
who reads it to take a renewed interest in his native or adopted place of resi- 
dence, will serve i an* to Drake's History of Boston, 
and ShnrtlexTa Topographical and Historical Dmcfiption of Boston. 

It bears marks of ku»ty composition aud careless proof-reading, and on this ae- 
eiimii fail* to be altogether as reliable and sat i.-!iictory as the author undonlrtedly 
could have made it, it more pains had been taken. 

The book is largely illustrated, handsomely printed, and has a good index. A 
map of 11 i i liave added to its value. 



1. Daniel Boone, At Pi-mrrr of Kentucky. \\\ JOBX S. C. AnnOTT. 
New-York : IV.ld A M ul -'. I'-'ni... ,,,.. 331. 

2. Mllrs StrmtHsh, (hi Puritan Captain. By Jonx S. C. AnnOTT. 
York: Dodd A Mead. 1872. 12mo. pp. Vt% [For sale by A. Wil- 
liams & Co., 13o Washington Street, Boston.] 

These are the first two volumes of a series entitled " The Pioneers and Patriot* 
of Anuria, 11 which lias been undertaken by the enterprising publishers sbove- 
named. For such a serir* Mr. Abbott is abundantly well • iiiulificd. and if he should 

, part of bhoMtia* En the «trli* which the critical portion 
public Huulil deans, it will ba from waut of research aud enterprise on his part. 

No m> ire (-nptivnting and useful labors could engage the pen ot an American writer 
than the iiiiigraphics of our revolutionary and ente-reTttatranery worthiea ( -^ 
heroes most of them, of whom Standish and Boone are examples. Such a series 
of biographies la hu h *;n prop 'scd, if well executed, would command the interest 
and patRRMga of ■ iiiuhitiiilc of readers, and would becomo the classics of Ameri- 
can literature. 

The voluniB first named is far from being what it ought to be either in style or 
substance. It is a hasty compilation, and not froin the lvast materials. Bxme was 
really a noble and great dim. more so than this book represents him. Tho 

doea noi apprei lata hb sabMOt, and has Dot used the abundant and ra 
i 1% iiiiT ready to his hand, ltut unsatisfaotorv as thnbook is, it will repay 
nasi, and will convey though [nadenuteljan idea of IW>no and nil timet. 
i p ! mo life of I ■ can speak more approvingly. The material and the 

stylo an better. The writer takes a livelier interest in his subject, and baa 
collected the substance of about all that has ever bevu written concerning the 
famous puritan captain. Even here, however, we have a good deal of the poetrj 
nud romance which have lieen invented and woven Into history, and 
falls to indicate when he is romauciug. This fa entirely unnecessary ; for never 
were characters that needed less coloring and lens of factitious aid. In their case 
tbc truth is stranger than notion. 

Mr. Abbot! fa capable of better work than he present? in wither of these volumes, 
illy iu the Life of Boone ; and we hope hi- employers will assist upon having 
not " journeymun " but " master " workmanship. 



1873.] 



Deaths. 



Ill 



ry MsnsxtNra Kuraivnn.— Wo hove not spare now to Ho more thon gji 
lilies I lli" following magnstinefl. { Quartcrlic*) : Th" MethodM (N J 

:'Kt (New-Haven). Blbuotbeca Stem [Andover), Tna An 
Church Review (Hartford}, and Tin; Biomphical ftiid GtamlogTm] Reoord i N. i .). 
Ums): Tin- Gelefttift, Btfibatt'fl M*£Ufne, Harper* Mugnxinr. WOOdta 
Mrtgnxin", Tin; FaBD Monthly, and The Bpl ■splat. All fur Ma 

Willi.tiurt ,t Co., 138 VViithiii^lou Btreot. 



DEATHS. 



Aid wen, Tlicllon. Cyras, one of the moat 
widely known men of the north-west. 
died in Minneapolis, Minn., Oct. 6, 
1871. He was MO in Nniirhliilil. K. 
[., June IS, l.SO.s. Ih« (MWroBi were 
poor, and he received a limited educs- 
tlobi While n mere hoy he. followed 
the ten for some year*, and also wot In < I 
oa u farm. In 1S37, when 29 years of 
age, he removed to Illinois, and got 
employment First as n I i soon 
after as a contractor on the Illinois And 
Michigan Canal. In IM2 he MBOMd 
to Oaleiia, and bit* am c extensively ra- 
nged in the stage and mtiil ifrtsn 

business. In 1815 he was elected to the 
DOUM 0( the Illinois legislature, 
and was rc-elcctcd in lStfl, declining, at 
the end of hi* second term, the nomina- 
tion of senator. In 1817 he was elected 
register of deeds of Jo Daviess county, 
snd in the spring of 1819 lie wo* ap- 
pointed by President Taylor receiver of 
the land office in Dixon, 111., and con- 
I in that post until the incoming 
of Pierce's administration in I8fl3. He 
also held several minor town and county 
offices in the meantime. In lRfili ho 
received the whig nomination for con- 
gress in the Chicago district, but was 
Offtttsd by iii>' Bon. Joan Wantwerth, 
In 1864 he visited Minnesota, and being 
pleased with the region, removed thither 
the following spring, and built a house 
in the village of Minneapolis, being one 
of the first settlers of that now pros- 
perous city. He soon became one of 
the most popular and influential EMU fa 
the territory, and in 1867 was elected 
"at large" a member of the constitu- 
tional convention, in which body he 
took, a prominent part. The same fall 
ho was the republican nominee for con- 
gress in his district, but his party were 
not thon successful In 1860 ho was 
again nominated for that position, and 
received a very large majority of votes. 
In 1880 he was again elected by an 



unusual majority. During his term as 
representative, he labor nvlnx- 

ing zeal lor his state, while his house 
oikI purse were ever open to the sick, 
and wounded soldiers from his own 
state. H is labor and sacrifice daring 
these two years impaired both his health 
and fortune — the latter almost beyond 
recovery, but has endeared his name in 
thousands of households in our state. 
In IS«53 he mads nn unsuccessful contest 
for U. S. senator, after which he deter- 
mined to retire to privati Lib, In 1864, 
however, he consented to take a sent in 
the Minnesota legislature, to forward 
some local interests. In March, 1887, 
he was. unexpectedly to himself and 
unsolicited, appointed post-master of 
Minneapolis, which position lie held 
until tin' ipring of the present year, 
when fading lu-ultli compelled him to 
abunduri it. His disease was dropsy. 
He preserved his mental faculties to the 
last, and died calmly and in peace. The 
news was received by the people of his 
state with sincere sorrow. No public 
man was ii tai MM BBOfO 

widely known. Few have done more 
to shape the institutions of our TOUOC 
commonwealth than he. With a limited 
education, he possessed remarkably 
strong common sense and clear judg- 
ment. With a nature gentle and frank, 
though under a plain exterior and off- 
liand western ■■«"■■■— a, ha had a natural 

I courtesy that attracted thfl 
of all toward him lrrt^i-tiUly. He waa 
imli-i-d » remarkable man, nud his name 
will long be a household word in our 
state. /. t. w. 

Ei*riHBN, The Rev. Manton, D.D. On 
He 1 1 th at Bl pt 1872, the Right Rev. 
Manton Rastbnm, Bishop of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, of the diocese 
of Massachusetts, died at hi« residence 
in Boston. His disease was malignant 
dyseuteiy. He was an iBicieiit officer 




112 



I 'a/As. 



rJannar; 



of tI>o Church, bat a m«n of moderate 
nu boru In 
u y. 1801. 
with din lited State* 

"ik was ft small boy, and settled iu 
New-York, lie was graduat- 
ed at Columbia College when in the 

-ecnth year of hi* age, and B 
hi* preparatory studio for the ministry 
- General Theological Seminary in 
Yurk ; mi ordained a minister in 
May, 1822 ; officiated a few yeara as 
assistant minister cf Christ Church in 
Voik, and became rector of the 
'It of the Ajcen»iun in 1S2T. In 
IStS he was consecrated a bUhop, and 
became the assistant bishop n( the dio- 
cese of Majwnchuaetta. The following 
year, on tlie death of Bishop Ot 
he wa« ramie full bishop, and held that 
office until hi* death. 

Bishop Rastburn was not a volurain- 
. . lutor bo An mture, 

hit lime being faithfully employed in 
pastoral duties. He wa» a pleasing 
speaker : and so early a* 1325. he de- 
livered a cniirw of he'ture* on Hebrew, 
Latin and English poetry, before the 
York Athenaeum, with great ac- 
ccpUnoi-. Hi' wrote a Martial) of a vol- 
ant of " E»*nys and baiarrtjtion* on 
:.l Literature." In 1833, he pub- 
lmhcd •' lectures ou the Epistle* to the 
Pliilippiaii*." and in 1837 ho delivered 
ration at tlie semi-centennial anni- 
versary of Columbia College. He edit- 
ed " Thornton'* Family Prayers," which 
hare been very extensively used among 
the member* o! on. 

Bishop Eaathurn won to himself tlte 
•olid esteem of those who could appro* 
cintc stability in opinion and conduct, 
learning without pedantry, free social 
10UUXM with true dignity, and a 
puic and blameless Chriatuui lite. 

S*M"0»D, Alphmi*, Esq., died in Tnunlon. 
Mass., June 1, 1872, aged 73 yeara 7 
months' on.1 is doyt. 1 1 • ni the third 

at Ji.-tpli Smifit'l. n ...Miir 
of the rcM'li-uju, and Eleanor (Macom- 
ber) Senford, of Berkley, Mum., and 
wa» born Oct IS, 17M a 
Berkley till the- year 1837. and 
that time in Taunton. He held various 
local offlci ■ in Berkley, sue*, at 
man, justice of the jteuee, &c.. and in 
IK 14 r. prevented Taunton in tlie house 
of representative*. 

U ;* anceatora were among the early 



,, 



settler* or Taunton, and possessed L 

_-TandsathaT, 
Jacucr. Macomber. died at the age of 88, 
■nd hu grandfather, L»eut. Qcorce San- 
ford, an officer in the •• French War." 
at the age of 96. Four of hu brother*, 
— Janic*. John, Ranch and Bull*, — were 
graduated at Brown University, and all 
became Congregational clergymen. The 
two last survive. 

Mr. Senford waa twice married : lint, 
to Mi*e .Sinai Brigga, daughter of the 
late Mr. Iuael Brigga, of Conway, 14a, 
She died March SI, 1801. aged C3 yeara. 
And second, to Mr*. Ruth Pari 
dow of Stephen Parker. Baa,* and dan 
ter of Mr. Jonathan Jemie-y, of Xl 

I ford, who survives her hash 
His children, all bom of the first i 
riage. two sons and four dau 
reside in Taunton, except Joseph 
Senford, Esq- of Boston, 
active practice at the Suffolk bar. 

WiiRLnzsr, Mrs. Elia Davis, in 
Barnstable, Ma«.. Fib. 2. 1872. wi6 

I***c WImmi n, Esq., of West 

■ '.able, aged 67. 

Ml born in Prnvincetown. Ms 
Jan. 10, 1805. Her lather in- 
Samuel Purker, »f PrOvinca t OW B , 
was born in West Barnstable, Aug. 8. 
17*1 ; graduated at Harvard College, 
tied over the parish church of 
I'rovuicetowu. Jan. 20. 1774 ; died there 
April ll. 1811. Hw mother waa 
M Hinkley. horn July 14, 1768, 
dau. of l«uac Hmklaj, a graduate of 
Harvard College, and Hannah Bourne, 

who were married in Weat Barnstable, 
Dee. 18, 1748. Mr*. YVheldeu »a» by 
birth nearly allied to that pure and 
substantial stock that in the early yeara 
of the " Old " chose the t 

of country in th I Barnstable 

as the place for i 
She lived ami ill 

which her ancestor* were surrounded. 
Patient «ud calm in all herdutie-. 
family, faithful to friend*, she filled th« 
place of wife, motlter, friend, better than 
we can draw the picture. Her native 
good judgment always seemed to serve 
her in tlie right way to leave a good 
result, and out of those little acts of 
kindness that she was constantly i 
she Iiai» bni • u* a per*' ■ 

tion ... hing to thii 

and ennobling to strivo to imitate, r. a, 



'OX. 
. t Iluimaox IIotT, a Ciuutr* W. Ti 

Johk \V»m> Dsajt, A.M. 

ii.mii flonrva, AM. 
Soaaanaal Xtrtet. 



Pttymmtsj' kmUiemod r John W. Dean, 

|8 BnnfrMt 81 

PAYMENTS FOR THE REGISTER. 



Par 1870. 
MaaaacKLacrr*. /Muri. C. D. Honiarti. 

1871. 

M«*sachi sr.TT*. llotio*, C, D. Unman*. 
Kuol>b-1si.*m>. Sneport, G. tiulncy Ttiorn- 
kc. 

1'..! 

Mw>r, A*g*tt< \va*n;Brum 

A. Itaalei; 
i. Koreans; Cambrulj/*, 1. 1). Circcn, 

./<>«•>», Genu 
reeit/Kn, 1 rjporf, J. J. 

rt cr. 
Rmoi>k-1sl\M'. »N-porf, G. Quiiicr Tlwm- 

Nkw-Yobk. Corainy, f) T. S|TiKor; AW- 

., J. A. 

Wtscosru*. 3J<uU*m, CbanJlcr P. Cbaproan. 

For 1873. 
Musk. San, U. P. Burnluua. 



•■timoutfi, A. II. B. P.TD- 

n/prtm; Mai 

M»JM • HI. II- II 

'■ Kill- ; 

:!iliiticgtOf); 
.Vf if H«irt, K. II. I), v. r. Chart .P.Oti». 

<?»<», Wlllbun 8. Perry; Xew- 
Vorl I iv. 

HTLTANI4. ' '.»fitMN«Ma, Thomas B. 
P*itorfWMfo, J. A. McAllUtcr 
■ 
Rrtniiittj. Tlionias S|- 
■ W.I 
flan. FarminataH, II 

. 

VlltUI.IH. Jtl'tAMOMd. T. II. Wviiqc. R. A. 

Brock. 



ANNoi NOBM] 

EttWAUti R>. stusm.— M Bawana Do 

.\\>u. i! ffciicalrvrfrnl MaTiktlcs for A neeihi.' 

i Dcscradaa unl io 

aiWrwi. 



NOTICE. 
Mcm>*r« uml friends at tl > 

■ ..• :.i tic. i 

! . /tentoficat Society, 18 Norn*; 

Boiton, cart ofih I 



TESTIMONIALS. 

I thiol tight) 

try like 
iv here nil of na mm Poera «>i the realm, it is, tor 

ninny hi would, bnl 

in the 7/nii. Chan. W. Ijiim .. 
BlSTOKIQAX ■ 

I'li-lll'll. Il ,11, .1 

kbe | ilualikv F.\ i-.v inn.. 

■ 

d is a do! 
Zealand Industry, for th nlargement of which, ■ ill may 

reasonably boexj i luatlj demand 

Fr> n, K. /•.*. S The 

^ontrlbotora for this ro thecoonl 

rt for tin i : rors; farniahinj -, 

inch facta M thi n all matt' 

so that no hiai 

Frt r tlio 

■ ill IiistQ) 

I 



New-England Hiftorical and Genealogical RegiAer 
\7; A2TT1QUAR1AIS Ji 



THE 27th VOLUME, 
EDITED BY ALBERT II. UOYT. A.M. 



Tl -tho organ of ih England Historic, Genealogical 

v, at No. 18 9 't. Boston, on Lhe 

i <ily and October, at $3 per annum. 
Tli t up mid pU> form tho 

g ions and 
1 States, mid particularly of N 
to rcsci illustrious deeds mid virtues of our 

lonored nann 
ad pedigree of their families. To this end the kt-iisrcn 
contains : — 

1 . Biographies, am tli steel engravings, of distinguished men. 

nerican families. 

3, Transcriptions of important papers from church, town, county, and 
cour< j deeds, writs, wills, 

i. Historical mem as from interleaved almanacs, family Bible*, 

old so etc. 

,t bnnal plaoos, and from ancient ci^ 
ograpbj; especially of rare American books, p ser- 

mons. 

7. ! 1 of the armorial bearings used by American 

famflh > al an carl] 

illustrative notes, 
iniuls and let wing light upon American 

ry. 

-s of new historical works, anil upon kindred ai 

nry topi 

rent erenta in the country ; centennial a to. 

of tlic meetings of the above and ki lee, 

ietj. 
i i pecting ■ narian quns- 

, costumes, coins, autogru; 
Marriages and deaths, 
whole containing an original and varied mass of information, 
cal, archasologieal, genealogical and aesthetic, invaluable 1 

man of lo be lover of his country, and of the honon 

led it. A carefully prepared index of names aud subjects 
accompanies every volume. 
. i \ i: ■. , ] 



rho Committee on I*n>illcatii>n,hniii 

laliird tlic ojtiiiloi i 

■ 

ihe space allowed 

: 

.nimltfctaM willing to do tuu by adding 



Mgv* t« the HcgWr, If corrwpondotiU or 
.ill pay llx> expends oftlir 

tuctn. 

-"jlmiilnTH will obwvo that the llerla 

ihem after "tared 

it ctojiocd, itnletA #i«-A ordtr it rtetitnt nftrr a 
new rr.lume ha» commntcnl, ami arrtarognj^^^r 

out, tlwy art liabk 



New-England Historical and Genealogical Regifter 
AX J) AJfTIQUAIU L. 



THE 27th VOLUME, 
EDITED BY A L B E R T II. II Y T , A . M . 



This periodical, — the organ of the New-K> 

islisd qua i, on the 

first i.l Rod October, at $3 per annua 

Th 

records Jous aad 

the peop b "i the I 

the illustriou- 
i perpetuate their honored uames, ani 
the "wiigree of their families. To this end the Registsb 

contains : — 

1 . Biographies, accompanied with steel engravings, of distinguished men. 

2. Genealogies of American families. 
1 1 .inscriptions of important papers from church, town, county, and 

court records; deeds, writs, wills, etc. 

A. Historical memoranda, as from interleaved almanacs, family Bibles 
old account books, etc. 

■it burial places, and from ancient coins. 

G. Bibliography ; especially of rare American books, pamphlets, ser- 
• 

7. Heraldry : a record of the armorial bearings used by American 
I in lies at an early date. 

8. Old ballads and poems, with Dial notes. 

9. Ancient private journals and letters throwing light upon American 

•cs of new historical works, and others upon kindred and subsidi- 
ary topics. 

11. Currant country ; centennial a is, etc. 

12. Proceedings of the meetings of the above and kindro ;.?s. 

ty. 
I queries respecting curious historical and antiquarian ques- 
tions, old buildings, music, uostutnos, coins, autographs, etc. 
Uarriagcfl and deaths. 
The whole conl J and varied mass of information, his I 

cal, arclneoli icalogical and aesthetic, invaluable to the student of his- 

tory, the man of letters, the lover of his country, and of the honored names 
ioBe who founded it. A carefully prepared index of names and subjects 
accompanies every volume. 



■IL 






Titlon, havfa 
ilmwJnW'— nf < nigi iiiiiiiin i ill" iln mli 
to the llcgWter upon ttaaubjcff, lure Jc- 
<nSne all «t 
■lojry to the dm foar raeroilons In tlas country, 
except oecwkmmll I'^naf.* 

itie »|«ce allowed 

ftir ra I 

howtver, lu i have later 

i ffiabv. 
The Committee oie willing to do this hy Adding 



pages to the R*gl*ter, if rom r their 

will pay the expense Our 

BOhatribcn cannot coat) c i .-i-Jdltlnu*. 

a* thty w-iii not bo wbject t<> tb. 
them. 
(CT Snbscrlbrrs will orwerve that the R«jfl*trr 

rlercd 
■■tier it recWnnf I 
note T<&un»ka*eomn\n*c*d,anttarT*araiff* irmmin 

3 hiii/, when, accordiDg to Ukj rule* of fS^^^I 
», tl*y arc liable for another year. 




NEW-ENGLAND 



listoricat & (frrncaloijint Jt|i«t^ 



ANTIQUARIAN JOURNAL: 



PUBLISHED ftUABTERLY, 



THE DIRECTION OF TUB 



New-England Historic,Genealogiea] Society. 




I 3 T 

ISHF.D AT THE S< "SET STREET. 




rami wm ciArr i 

1873. 



63.0O per A 



r<Mla||c Tin Cm la. 










114 



Col. Joseph Mm, 



[April, 



sketch 



: raider and walk to Roxbury, even to the Plain, for his day's work. Be 
good architect for liis day, and is said to have bwu the pi 
II of the Episcopal churcli iu old Cambridge, still landing 00 the 
westerly side of the old burial ground- lie also became a cxHUUderable 
Inmbei de der. En the rear of Itis house were no streets, as now ; but the 
tide, flowing Into tbfl South Cove, brought lumber-vessels to I 
which extended across what is now Harriron avenue, at the point 

iter*. Mis mime, and those of his brothers, Epbraim, M 
and Aaron, occur in the first Boston Directory, 1789, a thin lSmo. 
pages. Moses May was the father of the late renin May, merchant, of 
ton. 

A brief record follows of the nine obJldnB of BaimMl Bad Abigail May: 
Abigail,!). 1764 J m. a distant cousin, Col. John May, of whom a biographical 
ad h appealed in the January num hi c Of tin-" Register." She died IBM, 
Catherine, b. 1757 ; in. Lemuel Cravath ; d. 1788. 

ph. the subject of this sketch. 
Martha, b. I7fi3; m. Jud^c John rVothinghnm. of Portland ; d. 1834. 
Lin r.'-Ki, b. 1705; m. Ax..r Q. Arch'sil.i ; il. 1811. 
Mary, b. I7i>ft; in. Iwac Davenport; d. 1853. 
Sarah, b. 1772 : iu. Captain John II i 1849. 

via*, b. 1773; m. benjamin Ooddard ; <1. 1H32. 
Samuel, b. 1776 ; m. Mary Guddard . d. iu Buslou, Feb. S3, 1870. 

The willow of the last named still lives iu this city, and ia the only sur- 
vivor of that family group. 

Jm.-ii'ii May w:is horn in Rob ton, March 25, 1760. Willi (TOttfl InoOtt- 

r.iih sable oxoeptb bof81 years was spent in Boston. "Iluwasa 

merry, active. helpful Iw.y. The only son in the Men family until nearly seven- 

ean ol d, hlB almost only associates both at home and sehonl, for years, 

itera. He leaned ni-ilv. t.nt thi ichoo i complain! 

be ooold not. -I.. p bin from talking.' Sewing b 
I ■ f'.iilnn- ; .ii il the next resource was to commit psalms to memory : 
id he learned very many of them, even toe 
'.. \uili it 17s rai i , the whole of which he repeated without an error. 
i annul aptness herein drew the attention of the neighbor*, who 
would sometime* Bland him up on a window shutter, which aided do* 
made a broad ihdfifl the street, at a simp near hie home, ami on]] i 
psalm after another, (rhino he would redta, the 119th being the otoamj 
nt." At nine years old, he entered the Latin Bonoali nndc 
M:i ter Lovrll ; and was probably there until nearly the outbreak of the 
of the revolution. 

f*B f.irnily wore members of the ITollis Street Society, of which 
the Rev, Hatha Bjbfl m mini-ui (ordained 1732). Dr. Byles, as is 
well known, was a steady opponent of w& " petriotic M movement, of which 
Boston was head-quarters, and in aD wayi strove to ridicule it and its prin- 
cipal supporters. As he fgn vny Bee M i loo to his feelings, his 
opposentaoi oenmawere not backward in i me« of him. Soon 

after tlie •■ Uaaucro," Mi. Hay and family withdrew from Dr. 

Bylea's ministration- — Mm. May belli" eqieeially displea>i-d — and united 
thomsel\L-H with the Old South congregation. w!in-li umiv than any other in 
the t«> Identified with the popular love of liberty. In that chui 

bad jnet uttered hie dennnriatlona of the perpctratora of th< 
massacre, and of the core amenl bi whose soldierj it bad been committed] 
and tl i in--ip.il Hireling* of the t<mii-.|>i ople continued to be held, 

until rd during the war fox the use Of the British troops. While 



1873.] 



Col. Joseph V..,. 



115 






at the Old South, the hoy Joseph, who had developed IS uAj love for 

psalmody, gang as well as spoken, tat in the "ring' 

them when but twelve years oML Tt is related of hit EBOthei 

and rsfolutc woman, thuf . . n- .i-i\- ivimi t British soldi* 

into her OpOB window tO take something from the he tpiickly shut 

thr window flown upon hi* arm ami held it ai in a \irc. until | messenger 

la tin- guardhouse brought mb offloer, who caused i 

ed. Sii-li being the condition of things in (In; town, we are BOl 

that the iailn-r fell, unwilling to ha\e hi- ssil'e and ehildien n-tn:iin there. 
He removed (hem In I'omlret, ( 'oiin., ivlirri' .1 Wil- 

liamae*, were living, and thev remained there until after the evacuation of 
Boston hy i '"• i»nti*h troop* iu March, 1776. When (he Old South society, 

in tlie autumn of 1777, obtained the use of King*! Chapel for their owu 
(he !'i:inl_v, or some Of them, weru again found there. 

At about the time of iiie Eamilj*s retain to Boston from Pomftot, Joseph 
■was npprentieed to Mr. Stephen Salisbury, of Worc.-ster, who kept a Mom 

there. With liim, :un! Mr. Samuel Salixbury, of Hostnn. In continned IVoiii 
177ii to aliout 1780, at which time ho was approaching hi- majority. 
He formed, probably iu 1781, a business partnership with Thomas Pat- 
i. a distant relative, who was engaged in the Hour and prodooe trade En 
iltimore and Alexandria, mid Mr. Mas eoii'luete, n<--- in l'..-.t"i:, 

having the store Kb. '■''. Long WhanC Ike buntneei was prosperous 
on I he 28th December, 1781, he « i Don Lhj SewaB/ laughter 

• ! Deacon Samuel Sesvall, of ths Old South Church. Their first home 
was in a house in Onion street t bat be noB removed to a mote coma 
one iii Milk street, on the weal oorner of Atkinson (rinee Congreas) street. 
But the firm of Patten, Haj A Co. hilad, about 1708) owing, as alleged, 
to speculations in Georgia lands, iu which Mr. Pail rked. .Mr. 

May gave Dp every tiling lie | I ing the go! IU bis 

finger. Avery serious and protracted illness followed, in which hi- n 
Ing was great, but friiin'ul of an annsnal experience for the rem 

of his life, lie let! the Milk-.-lrcct house in tbfl Spring of 1801, ami moved 
to a plain but comfortable house, No. 1. Federal OOUTt, leading from Fed- 
eral street. It was a sunny and «-Iu -i-iiul spot, and had beeu purchased, and] 
a life-right in it given to him, by several friends, and secured U) hi 
and children at his decease. In this house he lived until L88& Tin 
Iv-lifi; there during those thirty-live yours, was perhaps as happy as mortals 
often know. It was of D miple and without show; but it tacked 

B0 ooanftrta, and was full of hospitable end kindly feeling and deed, — * the 

loom me seldom without. sa occupant." His children were re 
tblf Intelligent, well-educated) and their young Mends wars ale 
welcome to the society of the house ; one of the daughters |, 
cal gifts and a voice of memorable sweet n<-: : the father himself was most 
attractive in conversation, with an BXOeUent memory and ready wit, giving 
hours of every day to reading and inteilllllg the fruits of it for the B 
tage and entertainment of others, ready to participate in the i 
and amusements of those about him. ami joining in thcfa • ■' In :. 

kecrdv alive to all the joys and trials of her children and of their young 
Mends, sharing fully with her husband in the hospitable spirit of the I 
and going beyond it, as he also did h uhiiu ally, to relieve the needy and the 
sick, and minister to die dying — accomplishing thus with very moderate 

1« Dorothy Sewnll, horn Dm. 23, 17M| <1. In Unston, Oct.3i, 182J. The Rev. Dr. Scirall, 
of the Old south, I lOStlos Sew<ul, were be r ancestors. 






116 



CoL Joseph May. 



[April, 



means a Urge amount of benefit ; a deep interest in religion* thonght 
and inquiry, and an habitual attention to religious observance and worship, 
supporting, Animating, giving cheerfulness and strength to : I 

have never seen," says his oulv surviving daughter, " more contentment and 
happiness than we a We had mmLe, health, love, and good will." 

We can see Colonel May, in arm-chair by tho fire-side, his head forward 
and inclined aide v Che snuff-box (to tell the whole truth) in one hand 
and gently tapped with tho other, and the coming mirth already visible in 
his eyes. No social pleasure of our childhood and youth was greater than 
to hear his conversation, and occasionally his song. Among other songs he 
sang " The Vicar of Bray," with much effect ; and took pains to tea' 1 ! 
a young nephew, aud gave him, in his beautiful hand-writing, a copy of the 
word*. Stories of tho revolutionary- timet there would be, and of the 
marked characters in Boston of all professions and occupations. Particu- 
larly do we remember his account of the seem- in Hollis street mee-.ing- 
when the brethren wore assembled in council (August. 177i '<), having 
mister, Dr. Bytes, that charges would be preferred against 
him, to which ho might reply, if he thought proper. The doctor, on the 
appointed day, came into the house, slowly ascended the pulpit, and from 
that place of accustomed authority made audiitle comments on the business 
as it proceeded, and upon the different speakers, in a way anything but 
complimentary; when, having saffkmotkl signified his lofty indifference to 
them and their doings, he moved out of the house, not to enter it again. 
The entire scene with its several actors was given with banal 

Mr. May was a member of the Independent Corps of Cadets as early as 

probably earlior, but, owing to the loss of the company-records of 

[| is not certain, lie was clerk of the corps in that year, 

and so continued until October, 1794 | was elected major, May 14, 1795 j 

and lieut-colonel, May C, 17W. Ho held the office of commander for two 

yearg. and resigned it April 18, 1 ! 

This was tho timo of his business-failure, lie was "ubout thirty-eight 
years of age," says Rev. Dr. Ore nit occurred. Dr. G. adds, 

*' Tho sufferings which, this disaster caused revealed to him that ho had be- 
come more eager for properly, than was creditable to his understand; 
good for hiH hearL After some dayH of deep depression, DC JHIM the 
resold to bo a rich man ; but to withstand all temptations to en- 

gage again in tho pursuit uf wealth. He adhered to this determination. 
He resolutely refusal BSVt ad, antagrou- oili H of M0tB0l '-li.p in 

lucrative concerns, and sought rather the situation hu held, for nioru than 
forty V'Mi -, in :m insurance office, where ho would receive a COUipe 
only for his family." ' And another friend record.- IhU emphatic remark of 
Mr. May — " Life was not given to he all used up in tho pursuit of what 
we must leave Ixdiind us when we die." 

lie w.i- the first and only secretary of the Boston Marine In-uratlCO 
Company, whirl: was chartered Feb. 1<3, 1799. Tho salary nevr exceeded 
fifteen hundred dollars, and at times was less : but the po-ition and incomo 
imported with the new resolutions he had formed, and with his now 
fixed ideas concerning the uses of life ; and ho held the office, Im.-ily ami con- 
tentedly, until January, 1838, at which time age compelled him : 
and the company was dissolved. Among the presidents of tho company 

Sanm 1 Cabot, George Cabot, and Daniel Sargent.; with all of ' 
his personal as well as otli tlnns were of tho firmest friendship and 

1 Strmon on the death of Joseph May, Esq., l&ll. 



1873.] 



Cot. Joseph May. 



117 






mutual respect. Also, with Moses Michae] Ham n Jewish gentleman of 
Boston, a long ai ■ ional friendship ad 

Uinl' rn.: !>-.i- mii tor It)- seeking this office was that it v. 

ive him the afternoon of dm day Air these other objeota in irhi 

;ed, and which came to absorb more and mora "t hie atl 
I'd to establish the Massachusetts General Hospital and tl 
tor tin- In -ine, and was one of the trustees from I81.'i to 188& Tluthognve 
inon- 1 -f private need, to fkmilli • overtaken by miaJ 

or suffering from improvidi i Dr. Qreenwood m — His private 
charities aro not to be numbered. I believe t hut without much troub 
might be traced through every troaMet of the city by the foot-pra 
benefactions. Pensioners came to the door of his house as i i some 

countries to the gate of a convent. The worthy poor found in him a fi 

>i i lie unworthy he endeavored to reform. His aid to those in distress 
■ad need was in many cases not merely temporary, ami limited to single 
rions. but as extensive and permanent as the life and future course 
t. I think I may be allowed to mention, as one instance of this 
effectual species ofcharity.th.it one whole family of fathadata and mi 
less in it ■> liilil:-- ■■.. bound to hua by DO tie but that of human bro- 

therhood, Ebaad ■ father iu him, and ow to him, under lb iveii, the i: ;.ic- 

y and comfort of tin ir earthly eondition." And as, in this instan 
"Casth' )0tk I ••'. aters," so did it "n I m to him after in: 

Jes, and with in< ■ ■ was never wanting to him, 

e ceased to need any human ministration. 

Amoujj the " important trust- " which he discharged, was that of a Com- 

Buseioner of insolvent r,tutes. A- < :n-ly as 1ku7, im was appointed, I 
of probate for the county of Suffolk, a commissioner to » 

examine claims again*.; the estate of person- arrant; 

e.iiitin r.i;ii.ity, from time to tinn-. w;:h 860 «S 

lin Band, William Minot, Juhn Heaixl, Jr., iv.c, until near tlie time 
of his death. Some probate records as l.v.i- I Dl eeinber, 18-W, show him 
to be engaged in this work, which was less than three months p] 
death. This added a few hundred dollars to his annual income ; and gave 

hi iportuuity to know the needs of raauy families, to save what he might of 

their means, and to give them OOUrSgS RDU BOpe for their future. Po ' 
than thirty | ITU seldom without ■ Que of thia kind upon bit 

When the Old South society returned to their own house in 1783, Jo 
May, who had heroine mnofa attached to the mode of worship at King's 
I to the instructions of the Kev. .lames Freeman, thi 

which be considered much in advance of those of other pulpits, decided tore- 

main tin re. So was then hut little over twenty-ihree years old. "in 1785," 

■yi Dr. Gi one of the twenty irho voted to make those 

tions in the liturgy, which cut us oft" from the trinitarian communion, 

aiid caused us to be repudiated by the Kj OBO n >al Church; :uid in 1787 he 
was one of the small but i n «]m ordained the lute Dr. 

Freeman by their own authority."' This course, in a young man who hail 
his future all before him. and (mowing, us he did, the opprobrium it would 

I taken without hesitation, appemi indicative of a 

strong and manly eliaraeter. 

An intimate persona] friendship grew up Del Rav. Mr. Freemau 

and himself, and: h lessened or impaired. Good authoiit; 

that the bynui-book, which was published in IT'.'!' for the u-e aJ the C li 

k' Discount,}. 17. Sue, also, Greenwood's History of King's VhaptU 
Vol. XXVII. 11* 









/. Joseph May. 

was the joint work of the two friends. Their intercourse continued until Dr. 
F.'s death, whirl-, occurred in 1886, at Newton, wbi 

hided from friends, Fine*' l B96> A like Wen I 
him biiiI the Bi •■■. Samoi ' I nd afterwards wi*.h the Bev. Dr. > 

who wcr h Dr. Freeman. In tlm 

preface to his History of King's Cliupel, Dr. (lrecnwc»od speaks of the aid 
he had received in it from his friend, CoL Joseph May, with bta thanks. 
Mr. May was junior ward, n of n 1795] was again 

i . 1 793, and continued in offlcs uninterruptedly until 1826. ■ I 
mainly through bis persevering applications thai the audi - and 

registers of the Chapel Were obtained (rem tin heirs of Dr. Cancr. in Eng- 
land, in 1803 : and his high estimation of the value of neh doeni 
particular attention to flu ir preservation BE I I alar continuant', 
dantly ;u-tiikd by tin; fact, that dnOO tlie recovery of thise records and rog- 
fo a largo amount has heen scoured, through their means 
and evidi ice, to the rightful possessore." << rae.J 

A quite faithful portrait of OoL May, by Gilbert Stuart, is now in pos- 
session of a grandson, .l.ilin Kdnard May. of Camhridge. 

IIU children, who survived infanev, were as follows: Catharine. I>. 1786 ; 

Dr. Charles W> WmdsMp, of Boxbttryj 1808; d. 1815. The bUe 

Dr. Charles May Windship was tin ir only child. — Charh . 

line M. Clove, of Lynn. 1845] d. 1856. — Louisa, li. 1799; DO. B 

, of Boston (a deacon of Dr. 4 iChnrcb), 1898; d. 189&— 

Sdward, h. 1796j d. 1809. An Eafti l cir- 

- of this lad's death is related in tin- M a H/t tr of Rev. 

isofBoberti Brothers, of this city. — -s 
Joseph, b. 1797 i sfeLueretia F. OoAn, of Boston, I 26; d. 1871. 
Mmc .imed.) — Eliaabeth Bewail, b> 1798; m. Benjamin Wil 

Portland, 1817; d 1899.— Abigail, b. 1800; m. Amos Broni 
1830. Mrs. AJcott i* the only survivor of his children. 
Of hia grandchildren il nei not i« hnprop e r to say that I . Wil* 

t? this city, is thought to i bio very cwmtj rsonal 

appearance; and thai the easy rtyle oi Darrative, pleaeasl humor, ami apt- 
ness at personal nIvi-ii In ... of Sli.<i Louisa May Alcott, tlm author of "Lit- 
tle Women.'' &&, are a legitio sritanoe, and to some a frequent. 

i her ffrandfath 

Hi, .-,.n. the late tU r. Samuel -f. "May. wrote of him : Li When I brought 
to him my last college-bill, receipted, he bided it with an emphatic j t . -in. 
of his hand, saying 'ai son, I an rejoiced th.it yon haw gotten through; 
ami that I have been abli to afford you the advantages you hai I. 

If ;.uu have been faithful, j >u Duel BOW be possessed of an education that 
v.iii enable you to go anywhere ; stand an among your reDow-man, and by 

serving then in one depa of usefulneai or another, make yourself 

worthy uf a i.oniforUil \v livelihood, if no nit.n-. Jfyuu have not improved 
your advantage)!, or ■ ifu-r dothful, I timuk God that 1 hnvo 

not n * leave yon, that will i up in a place among men, 

■ .;, i : to s( d L 1 " 

His wife died in 1825. Of a family distingoished in our annals for pi 
worth and bo none of them for gcuorous 

qualiiii « md a life of utl ishiuv-*. 

In Ootobex, 1896, OoL -May ma married to Mrs. Mary Ann Gary, widow 
of the Rev. Samuel Gary, who wai sesistant-mfnister of King's Cliapcl, 
180'J-1815. More than twelve JOAN thej bred together, contributing to 



1873.] 



Col. Joseph May. 



119 



each other's happiness. In 183'>, they removed from Federal court lo the 
lii.n i-r of Oak street) built byOtis Everetti 

Ego., tlv OCBCpied l.y Moses Kimball, F.sq. There Mrs. May (E 

in I- lly cared for bj lii adopted d mow tlie 

wife Dt I ; <rge Win. Bond, Esq.), he himself i lied on the 27ih of February, 
1811. 

A OtotL e "f bin which appeared in the Daily Advertiser, and which was * 
understood to bi from Willi. mi Miuot, Esq., has the following: 

■ Hi- i» -upations in bu.<in<.ss were hd^rions and incessant ; yet by untir- 
ing Industry, strict method, and economy of time, he madi fox 
works of charity, and wa« enabled, in rerj m t--> aid those 
whose ignorance or inexperience is emtrra had involved then [a perpli 

ties and embarrat! -men! ■-. fi own >kill was insufficient to 

release them. He rescued many orj'' 1 en from poverty, educated 

and brought them into life ; tad » CJ ftw D< " in <>'ir city have, according to 
their means, bestowed so much money in acts of beneficence and on objects 
of public utility. This ho accomplished with a small and limited income, 
by a wise and judicious frugality; and, what is finite, as remarkable, lie was 
able to restrict his wants within the limits of his mWjBnfl never regretted 
what ho could not obtain. He was an encouraging example to persons of 
mod. UmOj by proving that wealth and fashion are not essential to 

the high viability, and that a man who i.? not riOO had within his 

reach advantages Infinitely superior t-> riches." 

His h:.: Its of method tnd or -i bal be was never tlie slave 

of them, ami valued them mly as they cimiil d him to use time to greater 
advantage, but whi ulwnyi M U t aside to meet n case of need. A 

Bister jokingly said of him that his penknife was once lost for several days 
because it- had got into the vtlirr waistcoat pocket. "My dear," he is re- 
membered to have said, '*if you want a tiling done, go to n man who has a 
great deal to do." 

Wo are favored in being able to give the following letter: 

|fl DBAS PBXBBV— Jamaica Pbrin, January 30, 1873. 

The face and form of your W MnUe uncle, Col. do. May, are 
inseparably connected with my first reminiscences of Kind's Chapel. 
When, OS a very little boy. I stood up on the cushioned seat of the 
minister's pew, and contemplated the congregation, do mure ooagpicaooe. 
face than his impressed itself on my young imagination. In .'.-. 
around (rare Bach men as Mr. Stack- pole (who afterwards went to Kentucky 

and died there), Mr. Joseph Coolidge the el -lr., 

Dr. ltuliinch, Mr. Smut. Daniel Doris, William Bfiaot, PraocisJ. oiuer, 

William Sullivan. 'I'll.. I li mi . I' COD -■ Samuel A. F.liot, 

James Dal ton. tad r.rheis. But. vcr\ not in able :n a the*.- was t.ul. May, 

with his massive square head, end man!) figure — hi-. | tOCt> 

tags showing the muscular limb* ol which he was ju-tiy proud — the k. 

buckles i boeklee if i gi ntleman of the oM style. Everj Sunday, 

beftn die Mrvice began, Col. May was seen issuing from lie restrj d or, and 

passing behind the pulpit, di.wn to his OVO D©* — S perfo .. hi< b, to 

my innocent mind, rn ry part of the ritual. When in his 

pew he read the responses BO attdibly, that, when at Last ho was oblig) 
suspend this practice from increasing deafness, it seemed as if an essential 
element of tho worship had been taken away. Col. May was a frequent 



120 



Col. Joseph May. 



[April, 



•visitor at Dr. Freeman'* house, and many an evening I hare sat, with my 
Latin grammar and it* lesson for to-morrow neglected on my knees, while 
i -'icd to the memorable narrations of the eloquent Colonel. ' 
snutV-box ere he helped himself to a pinch, or caressing his right 1^ as it 
lay on the other knee) ho wonld tell of many a moving accident hy flood and 
1 1 any an nil. ronton on State street, or in the distant wilds of New- 
Hampshire, to which we children did seriously incline, lint, through Ml his 
conversation, whatever might he the subject, there prevailed a tone of np- 
■5. "i 'Mi rage, of love of truth, which captivated our young hearts. 
We always welcomed a visit from Col. May. It was very pleasant to see 
him and his friend, my grandfather Freeman, together. They had stood by 
each other in their youth, and were growing old together, in one long 
unbroken friendship, — such a friendship as comes far too seldom in this 
world ; but, when it does come, is an encouragement to faith in all tl. 
ter qualities of human nature. In commemoration of this friendship i 
hung Col. May's portrait and my grandfathers together, in the room where 
I preserve the pictures of my family. 

Very truly yours, 

James Freeman Ciauke. 

From a letter of George B. Emerson, Esq., we make this extract : 
'• I was in th« habit, fur many years, while in college and afterwards, of 
to his house in Federal court, and often spem I eight there. The 
good man was an early riser, and usually took a walk before hn akfast, and 
was respectfully recognised '. every person lie met. 

that be knen very few of them, even by name; but every body bam nim 
as a rn.i-t kind anil man. . . . Much oF the evening would 

be spent, i ntion; he told pleasant, often witty anecdotes, and 

the mirth and good feelings vhieh his conversation always 

produced, lie listened with pariem lent sympathy and -ati i 

to what was said by others, and?helpcd to make a poor talker more communi- 
cative than otherwise he could have beeSi Tht music of the household was 
almost the sweetest I ever beard. Indeed I never enloyi more 

entirely than I did then and there the rich harmony of this exqu 
ly-choir. It is now, like the music of carols, "sweet and mournful to the 
soul." " 

And one, whoso knowledge of him was intimate and daily for almost 
thirty years, says : " Not 1 1 i :io (knits : ' faultless people are lifeless,' 

Miss Sedgwick fays ; but lie had ■ •> learned to command a spirit that must 
once have been extremely fiery, that he had sympathy fur the erring, char 
words for the bevvildrn d, u 1 love for every body but the false anu I 
He bad as a motive of ti n ■; for 

every thing worth doing there was always to fa W aflOH> Ho was 

Accustomed to give hi-, th inght ■. oftentimei 1 
from his favorite authors [Fop and Goldsmith particularly 
Bible. . . . Whatever he entered into, it was with ail bii heart He 
never joined a society or an enterprise without taking some of t 
work ; and be p -» uml. r favor- 

ite work was earing for others at. home and abroad. . . . The friends 

I-, ii irare welcome t<> hi ink or well. | 

classmate, the w. ri d '• whet rang people iniearoh of employment, old 

iimI : ir • ■■ mil .'ill WOK kindly re.-i i\v-d, and staivd | , |onj 

as they desired. The whole family caught and inherited the same spirit 



in 



of Bunker's Will. 



121 



from but h ridM of tli«-* hoOM) DOffc I be more noble than the soul 

<it* ihr luiiilii'i-. T!-iiiil.--nt, rotiii<:-il, iiii»i:'lru>li. The OWfftBUtt) bO do -i good 
aetlOD mu I |.ti\ il. ge, not to be lost, — and in MSM way, coat what it would, 
in labor nr incon vi'iii.Mu-i-. ih<- work was done." Ami 1 1 < • [in ii ill 

tVulti hera to charitabla and benevolent action, and gladly 

became their nhuonor when it was <l< -ircd. 

Smnr heueflt by munificent glfta, !>y nuiev.-orthy contributions to great 
Ig. Colonel May could do nothing of that, but by the sunshine 
of hi* nature, by the uprightness of Hi lit'-', by the vig" 

imiingtOMI of his musical voice, by the protecting strength of bit friend- 
ba IQCCOrad many needy and bereaved, saved many young and tampt- 
eil. wipiil away the tears of orphans and found or gave them a home, and 
diffused hope, light and cheerfulness wherever he went. '• Contain 
life and li.ippy at its end" (as it was written of him), he passed onward 
gladly aud trustingly, giving to all who ever knew him a new sense of the 
dignity and value of a human life. 






OFFICERS WHO WERE IN THE BATTLE OF BUNKER'S 

(BREEDS) BILL, JT3HB 17. 177.. 
(Not Run D in PBOXXDBOHAlc'a "Siege of Boston," Second Edition). 

FBOM THE ORIGINAL FAFKKS IN THK POSSESSION OF TUF. C0.Mrn.KK. 
Cummniilcntcil by Charles II. Morse, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

min Itrown, Capt. in Col. William Preacott'a regiment. 

lirown, Lieutenant do. do. id Abyab Wyman'B Co. 

William Pearlcy, Captain in Col. James Frye*B regiment. 

Knthnu U't-ll.H, Lieut, in do. do. Capt. .b.hn furrier's Co. 

Joshui Reed, do. do •' Jotias KichardsuiiM du. 

John Ilarnden, Capt. Col. Ebenr. Bridge's regiment. 
J. Bridge , Quarter Ma.«ter of 

Joseph lb.'ljy. UapUin in Col. Momm Little's regm't. 
Jonathan lluliaan, do. Col. Ephruim Dooli tile's do. 
Jacob Miller, do. do. do. 

Asnhel Wheeler, do. do. do. 

Mark Creasy, Ensign in Capt. John Raker, Jr.'aco. of Col. Doolittle's rc^'t. 
Beajamio Bowne, Capt. in Col. Thomas Gardner's reg't. 



Capt. Mraea Draper's Co. 
do. Bay. Bowuo's Co. 



Thomas Drurv, do. do. do. 

Job tjumner. Li< ut. do. do. 

IVtcr llobnrt, do. do. do. 

Jonathan Ward, Lt.-Col. of Ward's regiment. 
Klinkim Smith, QftOt. in do. 

M> Hi ii, do. do. 

Eliliu Lyra Lieut. do. 

William Winchester, do. do. in Capt. Joainh Fnv's company. 

Nodiah Wurm, do, do. do. Eliukim Smith '« do. 

Lemuel Trmutt, Capt. in Col. Jona. Brewer's reg't. 
Moat a Ibini'V. do. do. 

Nathaniel Onsfaing, Lieut. do. in Capt. Iitmuel Trescott'a company. 



John Clarke, 

JoBJiu;', 1, 'I md. 

Jusiah Wilsm, 

■ 

William Smith, 



do. ili. 

do. do. 

do. 1 1 i. 

Captain Obi, fota Mx mV 
do. do. 



do. Mow* UauMS^B do. 

do. Joseph Stvbb'iui's do. 

do. Isaac Gray's do. 

n't. 



Jonathan Uolman, do. Col. Benjamin Buggies Woodbridge's reg't. 




122 



Letter from Harvard College, 1795. 



;A,.ril, 



Am Barnes, Captain in Col. Benjamin Haggles Woodbridge's Rej't. 

itaguc, do. 
Stephen Puul. & i do. 

William M'-aoham. do. do. 

Edward Crafts, do. 

tli, Lieut. do. 

' t Hamilton, do. 

E. Warner, do. 

Samuel Trerett, Captain Col. R. firidlcy's Baffin 
John Popkio, uo. do. do. 

iaa Foster, do, do. do. 

W. Kdcs, Lieut. do. do. 

David Hriant, do. do, do. 

i in, do. do. do. 

Jonathan iSiinoodB, do. do. 

Ricluird Woodward, Lient. in Col. Richard firidley'a Regt. Capt.Samuel Gridlcy's Co. 
Joseph Loring, Ennign or Capt. do. do. 

Darnel Ingeraol , Jr., do. do. do. do. 



in Capt. David Cnwden's Co. 
John Cowl's Co. 
John King 'a Co. 



in John Poplcine'a Co. 
do. do. 

do. do. 

• Tli-.«aai« Foster's Co. 



HABVARD COLLEGE— PUBLIC EXHIBITION IN 1795. 
Communicated by J. Wisgats TuonsToy, E»q. 

Dfar SlR: Cambridge, Junt '■)'■/> , 1795. 

1 ■'- n initiation it three weeks from to-day- We are very mocfa horriad 
2 to attend the philosophical lectures, and to revise our s t adi a s. Tlie 
junior examination is considered bv far the hardest of any, — it consist* in 
Algebra, Geometry, Plat Wtry bofb plain and olilii \\t>; 

Clinic Section and Borreying, V reach, Latin an.] '.Jreek, Locke on tho 
Q understanding, I-- * «> - 1 i > i . EtaAekYl philosophy. Belles-lettres and hi -inrv 
nncient and modern, liy this list you must suppose that any one, who is 
ambitious to pass a good examination, must be employed. In addition to 
the above task, tin: governnioal have rltn-.cu me t«j deliver a Latin oration 
at the next exhibition. I shall visit you al Hampton before that time, but 
not before examination. The parti for exhibition are : — 

1 .Salutatory oration in Latin pan. 

ft A l-'orciinir upon thi- que.-tion whether tho thinking \ per Bende 
prim-iple in man be the nffuct of bodily organization J & Daua 

3. Oration in (Ireek per Clap 

4. Dialogue English -J fjJJ 

5. Oration Ilebrcw pnr Hatch 
C. Oration English per Kendall. 

& excellent musick between. I am &c Eumlwd Toi-i-.w. 



Hon 10 Christopher Toppan Ei i' 
To be left at llamp- I Ian 

ton Falla New-llauipshire. 

Note.— Tappan, Bender and Dona graduated in 1796; Bans, Clap, Jenks, 

Batab m.l Krnilill ill 17-.I7, 

Jothaia Bender died in 1800. 33m Bar. Samuel Daua was bom in Ipswich, May 



1873.] 



Prince's Subscribers. 



123 



7, 1778, waled over First Cliurch in Marblehead, Oct. 7, 1801. He died in 18G1. 
Danii-: I I i 1799. 

Elishn ('Inn. BOD of Samuel and Rebecca (Dexter) Clap, mi born iii I ' 

. ."; tntorofGrectcinll. C, I ttou pastorofa ■ 

in Fitrbl.iiri;, l.ut .li-i'lin. d ; (iritu ticlui<-h AtmAmny • (Might in Boston 

niauyycar*; married, in IO& Mary, aldsst daughter ofthi Ban. Roba 
; 22, 1830; trifc lied Ki-li. ■.•:. is-w (antt, xv. '231). 
TbvRer. WiUiunJeab, O.D. (B.C. ia25),(II.C. It n. (It. C. 1868), 

was born in Newton. Ml '■. 1778: d. Boston, Nov. IS, 1860; teacher ; n«der 

it Chnrch, Cambridge ; oordained in Both, Me., Dec. 26, 1805: dismissed 
Sept. 10. 1823. From 1815 to 1833, prof, ol English and Oriental Literature in 
Buwd. Coll. Opened private «c4>ool, Boston, in 1«18; founded Seamen's Bethel. 
Oct. 25, to Oet, I, 1845, pastor >.<i ('"iiKrcgaiional Society in Green st. ; wrote hi* 
Comprehensive Com. on Bible ; ksn.oow . <-\,i<-. v.hl. Author ol Explanatory Iiible 
Ho, 1849 ; Anniversary Address lwforr Am. Antiq. Society, 
i , 1503, and of occasional sermons and discourse*. One. miters of the 

American Oriental Sorietv ; member of many literary, historical and rebgiooa 
bodies. (Set Draie't Die.] 
The Rev. Nymph* Hatch died in 1850. 

: ;,-\ James Kendall, D.D., was born in Stirling, Nov. 3, 1760; died in Ply- 
mouth, March 17, i860; tutor in Creek in H. C. 1708-9 (onto, vol. xiii. 278-9). 

[EoiToR.J 



BEIEF MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCES SUBSCRIBERS. 

CommuuktUcd t>y Wii.liak H. Wiittmo*b, A.M. 
* Continued from vol. xxill pig* MO. 

Mir. Nathanakl Thayek. 

He w.\-. I by marriage with the Elliots. ITis ancestor was 

BSohnrd 1 Thavrr. nf IJi^t.in, who, r-ays Savage, probably brought from 

England sons Richard, Cornelius .Snthanid and Zecbariah. His son 

td, .Tr.. was of BnintMO anil had a large family, of whom Nathaniel 

born Jan* l, 1658. 0m NathanM," of Booton, had u chflo 1 born in 

1 671, and miav rherd ■ ntilied with the M.nof IlirhardJ Nathaniel* 

Thayer, of Boston, married 1 Deborah . and had Nathaniel, born 

An-. 28. 1681 ; Zaohnriah, bora Hti 88, 1688 j Gonelina, ban Nov. 1 1, 
; John, born April 2, 1687; John, born July 2. 1688; Bbanenr, born 
Feb. 1, 1689-90; Deborah, b. Oct. 1 1. 1691, ana possibly itht 

Cornelius" Thayer, son of Nathaniel. 2 by wife J.ydia, had Lydla, bora 
i i.. 1707; Nathaniel, born July 17. 1710; Samuel, born Dec. 30, 

1712; Deborah, born Jan. 87, [71 I; Cornelius, born ; and Turell, born 

March 18, 1725. 

NvinANirL* TBAXBS, son of Cornelius," was the •ubterfbar. Ho 
married Ruth l 8, 1788» and had Ebcn July 16, L784; 

Nathaniel, born April 27. 17.'16; Kathoriue, born Juno 7, 1 7:i7 ; and 
Nathaniel, born Jan. 27. 1738—9. 

« H thaw the Rev. Bbenesar' Thayer w^ the nrbiiatar Kb Hampton, N. H., 
mther of the Bar. Nathaniel * Thaver, of Lanotatar, Mass., whose wni 

were John-Klliot, r Ninli oii, l,' and the Rev. Chri$topher-Toppan T Thayer, 
well -known citizens of Boston, 

Eiiwvnn Arnold, of Duxbury. Esq. 

We learn from Winaor'i Butorg only that he was bom March 20, 1680, 
the son of Capt. Sab Arnold, and grandson of the Rev. Samuel 



era. 



[April, 



Arnold, of MarshnVld. Edward Arnold married, Oct 8, 1706, Mary 
■ nd had Ezra, July 80. 1 7 ' ■ 7 . We are sorry not to bo able, to 
explain whence he derived the title of Esquire. 

The IIuii. Tu HruiitL, (if Lynn, Esq. 

He was a member of a distinguished family, but dying young and proba- 
bly unmarried, little is in print "mceraing him. lie was boa M 
1700, oue of the two children of the Hou. Ebonczer Bun-ill, of LjDS. Oil 
uncle, the lion. John Burrill, was a member of the council and speaker of 
the house. Theophilus was made a justice of the common picas in Essex, 
June 21, 1733, and died July 4, 1737. 

William Brattle, of Cambridge, Esq. 

This was the nell-k^mn general and member of the council. He waa 
bapt. April 21, 1706s II. C. 1722; married Kathcrine Saltonstall, and di< 
a refugee in Halifax, in October, 1776. See tho admirable Brattle Genea- 
logy, by Edward D. Harris, Boston, 18C7. 

Robert Hale, of Beverly, Esq. 

1 1 was born Feb. I -'. L70M ; 11. C. 1721, and died in 1767. He waa 
a physician, but was better known as Col. Hale. A full account of him ia 
given in Stone's Malory of Beverly, Boston, 1 843. 

Tho Rev. Mr. .Nathaniel SbOBUR, of Lynn. 

A good account of him is given in Lewil and Nowball's History r>f Lynn 

(Boston, 18135), p. 332-3. Ho waa b. Nov. 22, 1700, and <L Dec. ft, 1701. 

StSFBBI QBAMBf A.M. 

Hi mu of II. C I7S8 ; was ordained at Lynnfield in 1731, and at New- 
castle in 1750, when be died is Jenftary, 1778. His son Stephen, Jr., 

married Mary Frusl. a granddaughter of tho first William PepperTeli, and 
waa the father of Theodore Chase, a well-known merchant of Boston. Tho 
family has been traced to Thomas Chase, of Chesham, co. Bucks, Eug., 
being" there in 1740. See Heraldic Journal, iv. 163-1C7. 



Not is. 

Eliot Family. In tracing the Boston Eliots, we have found & few individuals 
who seem not to bo connected with the main families, and wo therefore record the 
data fur other investigators. 

1. Joseph Eliot, of Boston, by wife Sarah, hod Joseph, b. July 10, 1693, and 
Benjamin, b. May 83, 1700. 

8. i • ipt Jokm Eliot, by wife Maria, had John, b. Feb. 25, 1714 ; Bartholomew, 
b. June 1, 1710 ; Maria, b. May 8, 17 18 ; and John, b. June 5, 1721. Bis wife d. 
Sept. 21. 172»,nged27y. 11 in. 8 d. lie d. June 9, 1727, aged 32. 

3. Wh.uaji huuT, by wife Isabella, had Isabella, 1'. 1716. 

1. -Ioun Emot, m. Mnrtha Clark, Apr. 13, 1735, hadn s.,n I "lark, b. Doc. 20, 1733. 

5. Joseph I'.i.i..t. hj wife Blimbeth, had Elizabeth, b. Sent. 34, 1728. 

0. Simon Eliot, by wil* Jam, luvd Margaret, who d. May 10, 1752, aged 17. 
Simon d. Jan. 7, 1761, aged 49. 

7. Ali.i. of estate of John P.liut. tinplate worker, was granted June 20. 1987, 

l i hi- ffidow Sarah, whom encoun. Dolbear. In 1729 Wu, Downes waa 

guardian of the children, Rebecca, aged 7, and John, aged 5. 

8. Adm. of estate of William Eliot, of Annapolis Koyal, granted Not. 9, 
1711, to his cousin Walter Diet. 

8, Jo i ; a BuOT. m. Mary Bowdon, March 1 , 1731. Joseph Eliot m. Esther 
Curtis, May -JO, 1731. HisxBr Eliot m. Mercy Lee, Mav 20, 1742. 

18. J , will April 18. 1719, mentions wife Mary, 

son John, aud daus. Mary, Anne, Elizabeth and Sarah. 



1873.] 



William Claiborne. 



125 



WILLIAM CLAIBORNE. 

Tbk fullnwin* paper wjw prepared anfl read by Stanton If. MlflO, K»|., before the 
New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, at tV-ir request, at the monthly 
meeting, Ik-c. 4, lhTv, 1 . A copy was requested for publication in the Reoistcb. 

Mr. 1'i.i>ii>i:m. l.ii-ii.i UfD i . \ i : i 'ii.\ : 

In the paper I read \<>n t.-i >_<.. I |»i.-.-:it irhai ii Intended to be some 

condensed but (ail hfi tenccs, drawn from the oopn 
writings and note* of tin- la.' Sehaettan Ferris Stricter, of Baltimore, upon 
Claiborne's Rebellion. You are probably well aware.it' the untiring and 
zealous effort* of Mr. Streeter. while secretary of the Maryland Historical 
shirty, to correct many airon thai had crept into the pubU< biftorlei 
of early colonial time:-. |« those of Mat; 

Born in Weare, N. II.. July 7, 18 HI, graduating at Harvard • 
1831, Jlr. Streeter soon after became mb-mattei of the Be 
Bohool, but removed to Richmond, Va., in 1885, and final! imore, 

Md., the following year, where he remained till his decease. An: 
He was one of the originators of the Bun land ECetorioal Society, and the 
reconling secretary from its organization til' hi> deoeiaOi 1 

During this period his manuscript notes and u riling* were immense, and 
v.n'n tin- ■-!-: aice of his wife, who sympathised %% Ltl» hi in *.< m hi" 

liistorical researches, collections wero made and written out, which to boll 
and historical value are seldom equalled, by gleaners of such truths, who do- 
not intend them for immediate publication ami pecuniary praflt In tin. 
beginning of the war with the southern states in 1800, he took a decided 
stand as a union man, taking an active part in all the measures for the aid 
and support of the government. 

His death was the result of exposure and fatigue incurred while attending 
to the needs of the soldiers before Pet* .. 1844 Be was buried 

with military honors, and the loyal citizens of Baltimore, desirous of 
showing their appreciation of his diainterott 1 1 palriotfal da monu- 

ment to hi . having requested the family to allow his remains to be 

interred there, the scene ol his labors, instead of removing them to Boston 
as was intended. 

Mrs. Streeter has kiodrj permitted me to examine many of these manu- 
scripts, and from the notes of " Clniborm ' Iiobcllimi" I have writt 
the following thoughta and conclusions, which though, no doubt, very 
imperfect, may bo of some sen ice to investigators till the whole work of 
Mr. Streeter shall bo published. 

Centuries arc good sieves for separating hi cuts, and time with 

its ceaseless but ever-balancing tread, in ea-mres very accurately and Vfith 
almost unerring scales, the difference between right and wrong. DADO! and 
dishonor, and the truths and falsities attaching to the acts of public men. 
Each nationality hi the world's history has its own system of equation, and 
time mint clear away the mists of prejudice and misnppivhen moo. In the 
compass of our own history, two hundred years seems to have been a great 
putitier of IkuIi the mor.'l ami political atmosphere; for names that have 
boon handed down to us through that period seem now to carry a clear I 
Conviction to tho mind of the historian than at any time either prerioui to 

1 For a sketch of the lite or Mr. sureetcr, see Rboisteh, vol. xix. j>. 91.— [Editou.] 

vot. xxvn. 12 



126 



William Claiborne. 



[April, 



«>r mopaedlng their actual movement in the great dram Xbe 

of the • 1 j n *. - : - hi American colonies n 
characteristics of the men who uctnaiihr populated ese .1 tin? 

a :it the present day. Tin both 

Plymouth and Wasaivnlinaolti Bay- bm ever maintai individual 

eharu Lland proves not an 

colonies in Virgiuia and Maryland evince an equally strong identity* 
and bar desoendants show not oalj the motives and objects of 
to-day, bat the Influence of the first mothers; while the 
Chesapeake B: mis in Maryland, still, in many reaped 

the oi n of Lord Baltimore and his coloni-r-. 

A striking Hamillilaiiffi also exists in the chanicter of some of the 1- 
in these primiuv lettlamenfte, and many of the experic- H illiam 

Claiborne were like those of Mvles Standish. .ml engineer, financial 

re military leader of the Plymouth colony. Both of 
'.' pioneers served their respective people many years, and died iu the 
service. 

of both lettJameoui hm ever been deeply frit in the 
subs*- 1 of oar BoauDon country, and the people of tlie north 

naturally feel thai the oooDtry baa fast reonea roud of the distinct 

mi tin- fall WtllOTBOf Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay*. Mr. 
Streeter sra le of the pc of this feeling at home, and 

from it, no doubt, borrowed some inspiration for his noble and al 
-high -handed defence of Claiborne. A mong the earlier records of Mary- 
land, the well-known history of the Rev. William McSherry denounces the 
unfurl strongest terms; and the opinion of many 

dors seems baaed upon that estimate of his character. Mr. 
rry had translated the journal of one Father White, a J( 

Lord Bald • 's colony, from the Latin, as found in the archives of the 

.1 -nil .nil. ■•_'.• in Ri inn-, and perhaps its. intlm some coloring to his 

In the hand Ot one of these most (l- i llic-rv-iits of tho 

Etomlah church, it is little, wonder that hi-, pa ilr.-v,- vm-h :in unreal picture 

trireader, one ■>! u*naw Grimes, was heresy. Hence the voice of 

execratinii baa fitt yean been raised to trad F ( 

M-ne. and throw contempt upon bU in the manuscript copies 

Of The Life and Colonial Tim • ■■! WSSoW Claibtirne. left us by Mr. 
Streeter, a DOW pn .ent. idently the result of careful, 

ill InTeati nd beeoim-s :i most keen weapon to combat tho 

of tlie literary public. The first mendoo "f Capt. 

William Claiborne, thai e*e Know of, is on haa coming to Virginia in the 

Of Bil I -. ill, when he was :ipp..iu;cd bj King .Tamos L 

sarveyoi of thi oeu country, m 1621. The fact <■: ig tho 

appoi lent ii prima facie evidence, of bia good reputataflsj and social 

jM.sition. iImmi-Ii «.. cannot discover to what family be belonged. Two 

families in England,— Cleburne in Yorkshire-, and Cliburoe in vYeeb 
tandj boar the same arma, and, we infer, are of the -ame stock. His own 

invariably spelled < 'laitivrup, though .MiMien; "ral of 

the older writers' give several styles of orthography. 

ig ii resident of Vii ' ins to base done little 

pniilie Labor durioj ;. except that he engaged with 

diapoaed ge&tlemen " who went to light dM Indians, who were so trouble- 
that it was iiiiii'iilt to carry out any permanent plana 
ot public improvement The capricious character of James L, bis 



1st::, i 



11 iltiam Claiborne. 



127 



detenntnatSoo thai at home (hen should he "hut one doctrine, one 

<lisci|ilii!c ..ii.' religion," to which :ill inn.! CO&i i-""l' I"' liirri.il .ml .if 

ill bii eouhined at i agues, 

i iii ill" oo ' d •' yond what would 

i through the p d their ou i do and except 

at Plymouth, where the whole idet centred io "reHgkrui liberty" f«w 
ikt!ii.iii..mii pleni ware made bj t!i ite that succeeded, dui 

reign of this eoneeited pedant The motive in th< ntatPlyn 

to all other Mttlemeni tog< flier ;i 

nt people with conecponding results. Janes rather encourage) 
Jetton by *ome uf tin* restless adventurer*, who 
:iily annoying bin al bone, ud recommended their departure, 
1.. Virginia or, to the Orinoco, -under Ihe advice of Sir Waltei Raleigh, 
caring imt little to rthirii place i hey started, provided the proapecui "I gold 
end tobacco •ran a good and sure return lor [ou of dtiiena rami 

own private exchequer. II. earned thai hi.* Unol of ' 

cooauting of ■ hundred and (brty-oac articlae, an loo arrogant for all to 

be '"• nd lb Ukosn bn ndr ed Don-eonrbimial riergrnen is England 
were quite enough to attend i", it' he left oft' some of thediaeolul 
OTithliMB yrwragar branchi - of the Debility who migl I pc 
l"*I'I an. I other products of tl><- new world, if permitted to emigrate, hot 
would be of no una al home. 
\\ 1 1 : * t - - v i • r thn niiiii.Kv eapai iiy of Capt> Claiborne nav hsve 
certain that his avMJciati of a reij differenl type from those of 

Mvli" suui'lisli, ami hk battlaa ware not so dVetaivc or < • t r- • . t i v . ■ . Etwae. 
not till after tin d< uli of Junius, and the ace onion of Charles I., m IWo, 
orna nad '■ i ■. ■ i ■ ■* 1 cxploratiou. 

from ml monarch, as read ami understood al the | iy, was amp)'- to 

i it, ami completely uiMhvfudfl hi pexp 
legal uu<l e<|uitahle I'orec. that of Lord Beldinare soheeouently signi 
the Bokle bine, and under which his Ion aimed the blew Kent, 

which, cv.'iiitnilly gave rbn to the qi n Maryland and Vii 

and Lord Balizmon and C'apt. Claibor mbjoct. During 1627, 

'2H. '2'.*, the •.-oiiniiissioii'i frniii the governor of Virginia * authorised 

me to make exploration* in Chesapeake Lav or ai 
84th to the i - of north latitnla Bj application to Sir W 

Alexander, the Idng'a Scottish -cm-tan. he baa objened the m-iv-seary 
l and a command to the governor (Harvey) of Virginia to allow his 
freedom of trade. lie ■ode peace and estahlished trade with th 
ipened trading-house- uj)oii the. Isle of Keni. 

to I • li:ir\i-y for :i Hoenm in trade with the Dumb on the 
ml' plan! a dona. This was granted in M.inh. I <'■:■'• I, and this license 
it bin in the moat flattering terms. The traffic thus op nod I 
considerably successful. In leSt 1 . while Dr. .1..1 n I'ott was acting, 
temporarily, as governor, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, a favorite of 
James I.. riiUed Virginia. Bena n Bomanist, be L to take the 

"oath of sapro eh would be required if ha settled there, nnd 

retained to England to obtain from Chazbe I. a gram of the country 
afterward called Maryland, — renreewiirng to the k : 
favor, that he supposed it peop igince and wonlil pri 

to his |.revinii-ly-:.ii' mpted I ■ttlein.-nt in I menced t 

or of Jam m L). i 1 i bbH the new nancta\bac 

by the king's reque-it named it Maryland, in honor of Henrietta Ml 




128 



William Claiborne, 



[April, 



At about, or perhaps exactly the same lime of hii return t. 
Claiborne went also 'to ask some favor of the king to Upbuild hi- fortune*, 
his efforts, so far. in Virginia having resulted mor< Ij to public thau 

private bet 

Mr. .Street..!- compares the two voyagers thus: "Lord Baltimore i« 
fifty years of age ; ( Saibo* ra hia junior. I . ■ 

ill!' discipline of a severe diplomatic school, 
unites the coolness and calculation born of years of experience ami trial; 
tho latter, jrfil young ainl sj lent, bm teamed in the emergencies of 
advent trOOJ J it".- t<i think quickly and act with [ 

Both ! tied the confidence "f their roperionj and the odi bolda the 

same station under the, colonial government, which tlic.ith.i-i.icni,: 
years in tin- :-ri',;rr ,,t" the late king.*' 'BitbertO Claihornes courv bad 

i n much lii- -I < - pin i Baltimore ha.l been much incon- 

BCed by the unproductiveness and disoonttOTtl of W< ft fo und 
The kins, fo tinfl obbged to adhere to the e-ialiii-ii.il preceoV at, refused 
to allow Cord Baltimore any more latitude as to right <ii citizenship in 
Virginia, and he was compelled to devise some further expedient. 
time Claiborne interested the English people in his schemes of colonization, 
an. I two Loudon merchants formed a partnership with him; aid Bfl 
Alexander agreed to commence a Nova Scotia trade with them as soon as 
they were established, aud gained for them a license " to trade iu any 
community whatever" and "make any voyages or discover 

In KlSi, Lord Baltimore died, and Lis son, Cecilius Calvert, attenuated bo 
carry out his father's plans, and assumed jurisdiction over t' Kent, 

i \i\ [ i:ul.M.ni;c under it pre ious grant. The Virginia .came 

indignant that thdt- territory was to bo granted away, and petitioned. In 
1688, 3 idea, tho king then reigning. The matter was i to tho 

king's eonndl. They agreed that Lord Baltimore should awat tin' plantera 
of Virginia and confer with them. TMa ma done, and ■ friendly ending of 
resulted, though jurisdiction ma not ooneeded, Historians 

generally seem t.. think that if ihe per-onul iutero.ts of the plainer* wcro 

. they had bo further interest) except (hat the increase of colonisation 

was for their advantage. lie/man | ■;. -. < j » i i t ■ BOOnsI ti m ' , uiicil: 

"they acknowledged the justice of tho claim of the planter.-;" and yet 
afterward says: "in every point of view, the transfer appears judicious, and 
salutary." 

Lord Baltimore delegated his brother, Leonard Calvert, to be governor 
Of Maryland, where the latter arrived in K>;'t. For a year after Calvert'* 
arrival tho colony lived in ponce; hut Claiborne, being Mealy accused of 
stirring np the nation* to ho.-tility. Got. Calvert ordered faj liould 

:usc to submit to the government. A Teasel, owned by Claiborne and 
..•died the "Lr.n t.d taken by Lord l , airini..r. '- nan, and 

be prepared, for i.attle, an armed pinnace manoed hy fourteen men. The 
it at St. Mary's fitted out two pinnaces, in command of Thomaa 
Cornwalcys, Esn,., and in the spring of Ifdo the forces met: in which one 
of the two rivers on the eastern shore of the province, histories do not 
agree in relating. Each party slated that tho other first comm. 
hostilities. Says Mr. Streeter: "If the smoko of the conflict bad not 
cleared away sufficiently to enable the grand jury of that day to BM i rtaifl 
precisely the place and date of this unfortunate transaction, it will appi i 
the less strange if the mists of mterrening time render it. aom< 
indistinct to our vision. Still we can see enough through the cloud which 



1873.] 



William Claiborne. 



129 



apprehension god misrepresentation have thrown around the. whale 
;;-. to be able to form n di u to the origin of the difficulty 

the beta connected villi i r -" 
ChuboroVfl bout sad men were captitrecL Tnonuu Smith, leooad in 

command, \v;h afterward tried, cotul 

tin- ,'i i:\iiily, for his complicity iii it. Claiborne ft i to Virgnd i. i 

after went to England Bocman snya that, '. u a 

criminal, to bo tried. Gunpbt II ii a the sHowe of C'iml 

suhjeet, tJint ho wont 

brought to trial there ; in proof of which he refers bo Claiboroer'fl bo] 

maintaining hia oliin to the Ede ofKonl end il 

the proprietary'* officers with ■ i innacea and slaughtering his 

.. ii,-l asking tin- -Town tO • uiitinn-.- tO him B B of the I ■'■■ 

Kent, with his station at the no • I Q Ss tgaeban vand thin-. 
miles each side the river, from , tr. the Canada lakes, cYc* in 

accordance with bis previous license. 

i d the commis- ; be ooonoil tor the plantations, 

met tho reply, that "The Lands' I LaibonM ei I the 

propr. no he-longed absolutely te» Lord Baltimore, under end by 

eeOOii'l grant, hj»1 that no tnule with flu- Indians COold he earned - 
Without his consent, and that, with regard to the violent > - complained Of) DO 

owe for eay lelief appcaredj bol thai both jmrtii -. ,»hotiiii i>.-. h-n to iim 
ordinary course of justice." Purtbet then this, the hostility of ( laiborne 
was justly aroused when Got. I appointed Cupt. George ' 

proprii-toi and eonmianiler of the Isle of B 

in 688, "!ii<- Qonii for teal urn ni irj i 
jmd cooncu ni' i\!;uvi:in<i, met at sr. tiro of the indictments tl i 

made, iuterestoe; the first, to ascertain if William Claiborne took ii 
in aiding thi attach on Gov, Calvert's boate; the second, 

aforesaid Thomas Smith uilh the morderof Wmu A-hnic.M-, who a 

■hot fired from Claih"i-i)i-s i rjng Claiborne with compliciij in 

the matter. >"o capital puniahi iiim-.i.) u the then-existing 

proriocu] lave, and trial on tii- mod to ft 

s. msji .n. 

During Claihonic'* ah h- in Iii V 1k,.| the Isle, of Kent became 

iiisnluiKliiiaii-, and GoVi Calvert proceeded tO ■ j tn • 1 1 it hy militar J ! , 

ami ik-put. d hi rv. Mr. Jnliu lawyer, to convene an a--i.inl.ly there. 

Xbeix fint act vai to peat b bill of attai dei sgainal Claiborne, forfeiting 
his pfopt the Lord proprietor j the second was th« indictment of 

'ih ii, an-! ins condemnation and sentence j and so strong and 

ungenerous «fl thai] prejudice that they 8TCD denied him tin- bei 
clergy. 

iii 1G44, (Jov. Calvert having hecu in England, returned to find his 
colouy in a Had i->>mlitiiiu. 

"It ib evident," nays 31 r. BtlUOtBTi ''that n strong 6ymp[i' ! -isled 

in the pnGrrfama with the revolutionary jlund against 

Chiiih"- 1. and his ministry. • * • It has heen said that the ideas of 
important OpOCOl DI ivade the very air and infeei R ho 

brcathu it. This simultaneous BOtaon oJ two di kiberaliva bodies, separated 

by a '.siiii: iH'ciin. would s.-cni to hdi-'ate that ihe intc-ciion is not ulnuys 
cuiiliued li ion in vhicfa BBflfa ideas originate. 

'• All agondee indn I ■ . in n to eommunieate thu 

grand impulse to other niiul of a peojdo la 

Vol. XXVII. 12* 




v iUiam Quit 



[Apr 



intensely agitated with tin- evolution and application of principle* et-- 
to its own progress ami that of tin: race, &e. The act* o I partial 
relation to the power* of the king, and LhoM of tho assembly in regard to 
the right* ofthepropriit.'n era,no< I mly singularly corre«ponded 

in aentiivionr, bat were Dean] co-Incident In point of time." Shortly after 
Calvert's return he called Hi n and burgesses together, and bis 

procl.'i in -n 1 1] inse that affairs were in what be considered a 

very unsafe condition. Among those in the provinces who at this time 
ti > king and declared for parlia- 

ment, was Capt. Claiborne. With his name arc mentioned those of Capt 
Samuel Matthewa, one of the council, and Richard Bonnet, afterward 
governor of the province, under Cromwell. Some, who impugn the motive* 
of Claiborne, say that at this time he aebted the tile of Kent by armed 
force: hut this cannot be authentically proved. 

In February, 1644 - •*. Culvert's assembly convened at. St, Mary's. Hardly 
had a >in sen passed when lUcnard Eagle, followed by fifty men, 

broke into the meeting, made the gov. n naoner, book possession of 

the great seal and the public records; thus revolutionizing the province. 

Some suppose that tin i prisoner, but more that he 

escaped and sought refbgi :.i,i. Dltimately the guilty parti. • 

t; ieil mm'i banished, which mow*, M r Btreeti c aranes, that the parlhuoentarj 

power* in England were awm state of affairs in Maryland. The* 

name of Cbiboi been tor years associated with thai event, bol Mr. 

- that he was absent at the time in Viigmia, and at James 
City : where lii* Dame it among Lbs first of the list of persons present at an 
assembly tli-i'. hi .. dayt before, and in the intervening time his > 
Would have been impossible. Ami further, "all the acts and commi 
a fte rward promulgated by Ibe assembly and by Lord Baltimore, without 
exception, name ln_-lr -ilun.- ;is tin- b-ader of the rebellion. And, lltO, fa 
words of Cromwell's commission e a, " Kent Island which i9 Capt Clai- 
■'>," are very singular if he was one of the iusurrectionistt. 

Owing to the abduction of the records by Ingle, much of the history of 
Maryland, for ten years, is very impel I 

The appointment of Got. Hill by mi lord pioprietary, soon after this, 
shows a diminution of power for the rebels. Ingle, who hud formerly been 
proclaimed a traitor and his goods confiscated by Gov. Brent, now loaded 
ship with "liit beconatdored the equivalent of his property, "and quitted 
the scene of his struggles and partial success." Gov. Calvert, by a judicious 
attack, became again commander of Maryland, and later of the Isle of 
I\. ut. and succeeded in subduing the inhabitants; and so, "two years after 
the time of his expulsion from tlio province, tin.. Calvert was again in 
possession of the seat of government in Maryland." Hi treated the 

insurrectionists with clemency, pardoning such as submitted, and attaching 
the property of rash at bad Bad from (In- island; npp. 
Vangbaa its commnnder. In .linn, l *>47. Gov. Calvert deceased. Ho 
ted in his place. Thomas Green ; lmi this, gentlemen ma deposed by 
the lord proprietary in fbVDf of Mr. Wm. Stone, a Virginia planter and a 
friend of parliament: and also a council of Protestants was appointed. 

Mr. Streeter believes the reason fui his appointment WM to conciliate 

the Marylanders, and not, BB stated, because he favored Jnm.i.'M.ition. He 

lineinl. tin- oath el' fidelity to Lord Baltimore in the m 

I'. was delegated t«. him u> "rant pardons, except tlie annulling 

of any form of laws or acts against Claiborne, which, says the commission, 



1873.] . lt'tiluim Claiborne. 131 

"we will have to still to full force and virtc. Qg to the 

contrary i" s«iiywi*e notwith.nt.nul: 

King < harle... although !:.- lit. I . -ndi .1 \ nn li !.. profit I .\ if not wholly 
control tod 1 1 1 • 1 1 1 ■ > j > i ■ 1 i :- 1 • i lit ■ colonic] trade, Was D Maryland 

atnl Virginia both carried on nn illicit trade with Um iJun-ii. 

In Hioii, after the execution of Charles I., parliament, then III power, 
undertook to putnitop to line, isd after do* deliberation of the council of 
itftto, ii'.'- commissioner! iron appointed: from Great Briteia, ( ipt* Kobert 

I '. ii 1 1 = • . M: . 'I'll. nuns Stagge and C»pt. Edmund Curtis: tod from ''N^iiiiM, 
Mr. Richard Burnt and OoLWrn. Claiborne, — to reduce Virginia and the 
iuhubitanta thereof to thi'ir due obedience i" the commonwealth ol Ei gland. 
Bosnan aeyi that Maryland irai mentioned also, but tin- word erased, as 
Gov. Stone's goodwill to parliament was weB known; bol thai Bonnet and 
Clnilinriii.' (•(intriv.'d to in. rd. CurtM arrived in Virginia in 

L662; the other two of the English depntation were baton the passage. 

CV>I. Clailiomo \\:i* holding llir ollire- of t:ea.»uivr of \ 
In- was shortly App o s e d by B3ng (li.nl- ■ in I'r.iir of ■ roj lli l. Col. 

.Norwood, by whose assistance Gov. Berkeley endeavored to keep Virginia 
loyal to the king. 

Mr. ' es that neither Ucnnet nor Claiborne <■■ ut at 

the erasing of the name of Maryland from the commission, as is supposed 
btmOB, | that, considering their posiliou, ,- tlie\ would havo 

permitted Lord lialtiuiorc, who at be*i occupied a doubtful position, to 
carry In- point before the committee, if. as has been often insinuated, um 
bud fcbeL own porsonal aims and entnitiei to answer in the form and 
purpose of the instructions ; " if the aceounl of Lord llaltimorel! friend, 
Longford, be true, "the instructions bad no reference to Mainland." 

Furthermore, as Mr. Si i res, Claiborne "us not aware of his 

appointuii-iit until the I • •' b commission arrived In the province. Tho 
reduction of the province was aceompr Lb nothing mow than ■ alight 

show of resistance. Official arrangements were made, placing tlm power in 
the hands of the commissioners; so "the direction of affairs was planed in 
the hands of those who had so Jong suffered obloquy and Ibr their 

gilitical opinions." In the spring of 1652, at an assembly In Jejuni City, 
ennet waa elected governor and Claiborne secretary of Virginia, with a 
new council. 

Tho commissioners sent a report of their pnweedinps, by dipt. Curtis, to 
England, where they were presented to parliament ; at, the same time a 
remonstrance was received from Lord Baltimore, and d 
traders of Maryland, complaining of certain aggra\ ocerniQg 

bouriilari.-,, ami (he reduction of ■ province "WJUCh DM rather shown favor 
than ill-will to the cause of parliament." (Mr. Btreeter OOOtidei - It another 
proof of Hr-nnct and Claiborne not having originate I this sehemc. that Sir 
\Vm. Berkeley had, only a year before, possessed himself of Palmer's 
I-land, in the face of Lord Halt inn hi'- claim -i 

Tlic council, who had the subject under advisement four months, reported 

in 1G52. Being' evident!] favorable to the \ the] did nothing 

Calculated to .afreet Maryland's charter. They stated tin the 

settling >>i Virginia and the granting of Maryland j thai before tha 

said patent. Kentl a bland was planted and inhabited by Claiborne, three 

J cars previous to Baltimore*! arrival, and sent, burgesses to the 
ames ( ity ; that Virginians had free trade willi thl FndiaiU in I b< Mtpeeke 
kBay; that in 1683, upon the arrival of Lord llaltiuiore's ngeul-. C 



132 



William Claiborne. 



[April, 



trade was prohibited. Ac, detailing tho particulars of the rapture of 

I. i:m 1 1 - 1 i r (Jnt MMoedf ud lua rtight to E) 
Lord Baltimore's retention of the trade in the hay. Having further 
pArtiVi ion* to Lord Baltimore's charter, they referred tho 

house to his answers of the same, so that we do nof know how then 
expectation* wen men TIm !->>t srthue alludes to Bennet and I 
MMU .d charges the governor • il with r. I 

idi on plea of oaths to the lord |. s • . ; 
ni*ed state of pi no debute on his repnrr. In 

1658, Cromwell convened the new parliament, which dually resigned its 
power into his hands. 

Affairs progressed favorably in Virginia for n while. Bennet snd Claiborne. 
feeling ir presence was required in Marylnn rj knowing 

that Gov. Stone > resume bis offli iradhimto 

do so. they issued a proclamation re-installing him and his former council. 
The latter promised subjection to the commissioners, reserving their oaths 
to Lord Baltimore until the pleasure of tho "Blots, of England" oould lie 

lk The last act in the prudumuiifni relati d to a treaty wit 
Siisiju<-ii;uninck Inilinns, and Bennet and three other* MM ChoOl LO 

negotiate with them. Of the latter number Qaibom n u not one, perhaps 
I' iii- ii irOUld involve a longer absence of both ollicers from Virgil 
from di "M bdu p«f| because of the disputed pioprielxr.vhip of 

lerrito 

In .Inly, K'./.-J. cindf-r the commonwealt!i hi I snd Indian* made 

sty in whose first article is said, "the Isle of Kent mid Palmar*! 
:. which belong to ('apt. I laibonn Rod building there i* forbidden^ 
p| for t; idi or any such like or occasion." 

Mr. Streeter upposes this to have been inn I*w1 through Beunet's 
I iflui QC : sad Hi. people being independents, originally Virginian 
Oppoeed to Lo "re, were ready to thus aeiy his iiutlmrity. In 

December, L652, Gov. Stone put forth an order, charging Capt. VauguaOi 
commander of Kent, with others, witli abosng the power given tin m, aud 
curtailing their authority. So, at the same time thac the 1>i 
had struck at the authority of Lord Baltimore, the American officers had 
also defied hi* requisitions. Gov. Stone, tor nearly a year, had no advice 
from Lord Baltimore, as the Dutch war caused delay in sending Mich, and 
therefore postponed the general court to January. L654 I i November, 
1652, Gov. I;, mi nailed an assembly in Virginia. Its last act was to give 
Col. Claiborne and Henry Fleet] and their associates, the privilege of 
fourteen years' trade in places west and south where no h had been 

• u- traded before. We have no details of the prosperity "* this, trude. In 
a treaty made shortly after, with the chief of the Pamunkey Indians, ho 
agreed to cede the south side of the *i ark and Pamunkey rivers to Col. 
Claiborne. The latter, havi&a long befbra relinquished all idea oj 

repOBSe) [Of hinr-i \t Of hi 1 Old settlement, nami'd the mu. in metum-v "1 it. 
x -' H Kent; procured the legal estnl'li-hincni of it M ■ eonnty ; uud finally 

a resident there, in July. 16£8, we read of the confiscation of the 
cargo of a Scottish ship tor some violedoa of sets of parliament, and that 
CoL Claiborne was given a considaraUs portion of the fundi acenuogi iu 
consideration of his mntirj fa the matter. Luring the 

summer of 1 <■•'>">. Col. Matthews went to England to report fin the. 
ei.niini.'-.iuin r-. Bennel and Claiborne, and to ■■ olalmsof Vii 

coubiderinn the article, of surrender, which pledged a restoration of certain 



1873.] 



Will mm Claiborne. 



farmer bounds, a charter against those who had entrench 3 BpOO (hem, and 
asking a discontinuance of Lord Baltimore's power*. 

The ao-called Barebonea Parliament was in session: tin- business waa 

presented to the committee on petitions and opposed by Lord Ihdlimore. 

I tin- result differ. Lord Baltimore'* friend* state that it waa 

: but the report made agreed nearly with tlm potWoo. 

i-ember, the parliament dissolved, and for a time the: subject was 

dismissed. 

In Febninry. 1658) Gov. Stone received instructions, dated nearly a year 
previous, in response, from the lord proprietary, to his statements tliat the 
new settlers objected to taking the proprietary's oath. Ac. The pimple, 
divided U ili< n allegiance to Baltimore and to the parliament, had asked 
the guidance of the council of state. No reply was received, excepting ■ 
sharp retake from Lord Baltimore. Notwithstanding, be made some 
concessions, but demanded their taking oath, paving taxes, &c, before a 
certain time should have elapsed. The Marylandcra, disconcerted at this, 
appealed to Bennet and < l>orne. Soon after their petition WBsaantto 
Virginia, Gov. Stone called on th«- people <if Maryland to comply, with the 

i •-■ 1 1 1 1 - i r ii m - of Lord Baltimore j and the latter ordered the former t<> resume 
gin n iii tlir proprietary's name, at tin acknowli 

obedience to the. oommoiiwi-alth of England. The coxaBuationen r« piled 

bo the Marylandcrs tint no authority allowed the people to recede from 
their act or rabmisaioa, <&c 

Tin m v. I <»f Cromwell's accession to the protectorship arrived in 1 0.54, 

and * new instrument, hud to be . i • I ■ ■ i . t • • 1 . who « 1 1 - < 1 1 1 : i i i t i • ■ I for 

office fhOM who had served Bgainsl the parliament, and all Kiuuanistfl. 

Stone was obliged to recognize the new pow. r, m 1m.1i i\i-donehy 

public ceremony, vi i/i la July, following, Gov. Stone accused the 

commissioners of being in rebellion and i v. itine; the peopl..- tln-n to; and 
they afterward meeting him in a conference, Gov. Stone Snail) res i gned. 

Bennet and Claiborne called upon HattOB, the secretary ■•■ 'id, to 

deliver the records to lb. Win. Durand. So, for the second tin* 
power was taken from Lord Baltimore bv power of the nwteOM authority 
of England. Far from exalting themselves, or tailing any ad\autageof 
their position to acquire further benefit*, the commissioners BUM li OH only 
of their specified powers, and, though personally opposed to Lord Beltiinorej 
carefully carried out the instructions transmitted to them. Capt. Fuller 
being appointed by them to the authority of Midland, they returned to 
their official stations in Virginia. The burgesses nf Maryland, shortly 
after, passed an act freeing themselves from the prop] Ietary*a oath. About 
this linn . ai the burgesses' assembly in Virginia, the enmity of Nutv-Kcut 
was represented for the first time. 

In January, I f..i I :>. Lord Baltimore wrote to Gov. Stone, taunting him 
v.ith cowardice and ordering him to take the ooaOBUaatoneri pii. 
a lin h, otherwise, would be done by Cent. Luke Barber, then on his way 
from England. Stone. BOCOVnged by this, made a bold effect t-> regaiu his 
power; seized the records at I them to St. Hary'a; hut on 

endeavoring to establish himself by military ferae, was wounded aud taken 
P by Capt. Full' r*.* men. 

Cromwell, soon after, addressed a letter to Gov. Bennet desiring his 
non-interference with the civil affairs of Maryland, although, as be afterward 
stated, he had DC intention of abridging the rights of the commission ei.-. 
In loW, Edward Diggs was elected governor of Virginia, and Col. 



IViUiam Claihonu. 



[April, 



Claiborne secretary. In the same year, Lord 1 1 :nade> complaint 
to Cromwell of the infringement of bit fa «• B I ■ ■in« > i. 

!ug to England and defending himself, first to Cromwell, and aftci 
in connection with Col. Matthews, pnUJahing a pamphlet detailing the 
whole case to the people Tin: lord protector gave hi* support to 
commissioners in a hutr addassiefl to the government ot But 

Col. Claiborne aaver availed lmii*elf of any privileges which might have 
resulted from the OOanfaviflTlce dt Cromwell. From this time his conn- 
with public life in Maryland ceased; and he continued the dull- i of his 
station in Virginia. Li 1657-8 he was IP elpftfld secretary of state. « >u 
Cromwell's dc:itli. in lt>. r i7-8. In- too Kielimil lOOOei led him; th<- latter 
OOOTOned a parliament which dissolved m April, and on the same day an 
assembly was held at James City. 1U its action, v I ai borne was chosen to 
continue in office "till next assembly, or until his II ; >l< -u-uiv ha 

I signified to us." As the enactment reads: " \\ !ht.- : »s il,,- .,iii, •' 

Secretario is a place of great unit." we see (be ooofideace •>!' the assembly 
in Col. Claiborne, after his lung continued association with the prove 
Virginia; and this is sufficient evideuce that hi* mail of devotion I 
interests of the colony were appreciated. In 1660, almost immei 
alter the accession of fTitllni II la the throne, he ap|>oiuted Sir Win. 
Berkeley, governor; Major Norwood, treasurer; and Thomas Ludwell. Esq., 
secretary of Virginia. 

In 1003 — t Claiborne, we learn, was present at on assembly in James 
City, as a delegate from New-Kent ; although removed from superior 

ins still to havo retained the entaam "t the people in the county he 
had founded. Both Rare SOI in an unfortunate state. Disputes 

between them were severe, and iu Virginia eaanplainia of taxation, &c, and 
frequent depiedaiious from the savages were making much i 
C"l. Claiborne returned from ibe aasaaably to be obliged to u>» i>t in 
for war. For the several year.-, following, tin BftniggJoa with the 
Indians were no slight trial, hut from (\>l. Claiborne's former successful 
adenos with the savages be was a meet able adViear to the Eoglisb. 

In 1'17.3-G a garrison, partly frnni < Gloucester and [tartly from the lower 
£ New-Kent, was planed ii) command of. Col. Win. Cluihoim-. ,lr. 
The failure of the attempts made during the well known llacou's rein 
to change the mindfl OX ilu Yir gJniaUBj ihovra the high appreciati 
which both father and son were In M OOt to bti i . i 1 1 1 i i ii- ! i . . 1. In April, 1G77, 
after the crushing of this rebellion, the aavemblj Of Virginia nib | 
King Cliarh-H a justification of Sir Win. Herkelev. and stated in Bfl addreSB 

several ways in which tlmy i.-id. md themselves injured, one of i 

particularly interests us: "that the Island of Kent in Maryland, •.'ranted 
to, seated and planted by Col. Claibonu s > n., formerly a limhe aad member 
of Virginia (as may appear by our records, they having sent ilelegates to 
wl divers other Tndian proofs ami ■• t, h since bat 

off and deteyned from m. I.y Lord Baltimore." 

Fifty years had elapsed since the settlement ; long since bad itl lawful 
proprietor ceased to urge his right of ownership; ami here was i 
oflu J power of Virginia anliited to revive his claim and tenet* the old 
fend, bnt with a fairer view of the question than had formerly h> en I 
At. that time the eldest son of the late Ceeilin-. Lord Baltimore, was in 

London, son & maiming betbre the etna 

Qpmpl made of the civil ami n lign a I atate of Marylaml. His 

lordahip gave slight heed to the comfort of the Virginians j tlie latter 



1373.] 



Genealogical Note* and Errata. 



135 



considered the proximity of the independent plantation*, Maryland and 
t':in.lin:«, injurious to themselves ; and the commissioners sharing this 
il t.. the kin;.' (luii the pew r of jurisdiction and government 
ini^'lil b< r.'-in|-iil [ii tin.' it. iv. ii, i\..\ 

Iii couni'.-i.iii v. nil m.'-;. ...nt- i-i the last in. riiimi of the name of Col. 
I >-.ne in tli'- political FMOfdaOf \ ir^oiiia. As a peao-tul day for I Ik- 

colony began to dawn, he retired from public life and devoted himself to Hi 
property in New-Kent, and there passed the remainder of his life. The 
exact period or place of his death is not recorded. It in said that there 
was a tablet to his memory in Jamestown's oldest church, — long since 
crumbled to dust. 

In the elegant language of his -rifted biographer. Mr. Strceter, this paper 
is appropriately closed: "The hand of prejudice, prompted by personal 
teed on the tablet of history an inscription as unjust to tho 
character and actions of the deceased as unbecoming the diguity of the 
historic muse. It has beeu reserved for an humble inquirer and a lover of 
fa truth to erase the undes'iv l i ■■ nsure, and to erect a new cenotaph 
which displays the name of CfarfbORM as worthy of honor and respect, and 
which ranks him who planted it in this country as a man of whom his 

: • ■ n.iiuiw bsra iv.. -on in ba proud.-- one ef fin earliest poBoort <•■? 

civilir.inion ; the first actual settler of the Lttlflluri of Maryland, and among 
tin* Boat arrive and prominent citizens in the early colonial days of 
Virginia; and one of the most remarkable men of his time." 



GENEALOGICAL NOTES AND ERRATA. 

ComninniaiU-i] hy Mrs. Cakoi.ixi; IL Pall. 

Genealogical scieuce stands at this disadvantage. When an error has 
been discovered, there seems no way of recording it, for tin- benefit of 
others so that there shall be DO possibility that any future student may be 
misled, by a wrong base, a wrong figure, or a worn -out tradition, 
l-iencalogical registers theiuselvrs, t.-in with long refuted assertions, and 
every inquirer has to begin at the beginning and work his way through the 
confusion. 

I have for a long time thought of suggesting to this journal the propriety 
of publishing a couple, of loose pages or more, quarterly, upon which, under 
the head of errata, old mistakes mhdit bo corrected and refen-i !.■•'- miglit be. 
given, and these pages, easily detached, might in time constitute an 
invaluable, volnin-'. 

A great dial of matter would aenimulate. if thoso who are in tho habit 
of using Savage's Dirtioiumj would check the errors they detect, and 
forward them to the editor to be ranged tutdsr radl n head. 

No genealogist should be over-sensitive in such a matter. His work is 
of a kind that, require* many auditors. Let him bo never so careful, yet if 
he is human, he must now and then lose the thread of the old story, or may 
nt any absorbed moment permit the misprint of a numeral. — which kc 
knows so well, that he will instiuotive.lv read it right, however it is printed. 

I wish now to draw attention to a few items, some of them errors, some 




13G 



wta and Errata. 



[April, 



of them discoveries which may be of value to other students, and which 1 
have encountered at different times during the last few years. 

lYari'is, Rithard. Mr. Savage speaks of Kichard Francis us ouco of 
Dorcheitar. The records of that town contain DO allusion to any Frauds 
who was a married man. At the age of 39, Richard is bond in Cam! 
married to Alice (probably Wilcnckc.s). in th DO son 

Richard iu Cambridge. If he had a son by an early marriage in England, 
lit have been such a son Richard, who. living in Dor 1C61, 

signed a petition for the continunnce of religious liltertics nfter the 
restoration of tho Stuarts. In 1669 the constables were ordered to look 
after sixteen young men. who could DOl prove an "orderly living." First 
on the list was Richard Francis, of Dorclu -t. r. This orderly living Wight 
bo tr.ii m-rant employment." D a man remained unmarried ho 

was a legitimate object of public I OttOSnu Savage gives an unmarried 
Richard Fraodl in Northampton in 1070. He "came from llie East," and 
was clerk of Turner's company in King Philip's war. Ho wrote a 
good hand, and if ho was Kichard, of Dorchester, would have been then 38 
years old. 

Richard Francis, of Catnlni I. • . if afterward registered in Medfnrd, and 
his will is proved in Boston. This do, I DOl prove that he clianged his 

nee. William Heley, recorded feral Roumry and then in Cambridge, 

i. in Newton, near to what we now call 
Rrook Farm. I have iusiano • uf (amihV • n gSftl fed in '| iwidb in 1638; 
in Rowley. 1600] Thcvfonl. 1(80, and Amlip\.-t. I?00| who do not seem to 
have left the land tiny feat POttlod on. in all that tiine. 

WOttinghitiji. John. Tin* p< !■■ v. li | the sister of Hubbard, 

the historian. wM in Ip.-u'n-li at a very early date. Even Savage is found 

asserting thai lie u:i> (In- son of Barttrti, a OOefhniBOOJ clnU of the 

-tor of tllO Geneva bible, ami liharine, aisterof John ( 

Sin I. ft careful pedigree of the WhittinghainS, and another may 

be found In dm publications of the Camden socie. 

No Booh penon as Barueh is known, nor did John Calvin over hare ft 

[Catharine, John Oalvin married a widow, Idolette Stonier nee 
i.'eUiin,. [didette bad i niter Katharine, daughter of Looia Jaocraemanj 
nl Orleani] heiress, in her mother's right, to the Lords of Turvyle and 
ron, It was she who became the wife of William Whittingham, 
dean of Durham The dean left two sons, Sir Timothy and Darnel, — the 
first the oldest, the other probably the youngest of a family of six children. 
Daniel, horn Nov. 12, 1671, was living in J.V.mi, and received estates under 
his mother's will in Kingsgate, Durham, whir 1 1 we re prohahl;, ilm-e v.hi.-h 
the American family inherited. He was not married at that time, and is 
lost sight of in Durham. It must have been his son John who came with 
his mother to Ipswich, and did a man's duty there in 18 I". 

In the Rogers memoranda, in the fifth volume of the Ri:«;imkk, there 
is a confusion, easily cleared up, concerning tho wife of the Rev. John 
Rogers. In January, 1687, John Rogers, farmer, was married iu Ipswich 
to a Mrs. Martha Smith. Children were born to this pair many years 
after the Rev. John Rogers married Martha Whittingham ; and his name is 
alwaya entered .!/•-. ,),,|iii i;.. •,, i. 

The names of Whittingham and Hubbard have been left in inextricable 
confusion hv all the early chroniclers. It was so common for two or more 
children of one family to reoefvB. iho same name in baptism, that only a full 
record will dissipate, tho obscurity. This has been gleaned chiefly from the 



1873.] 



iawaiot 



fotet and Errata. 



probate court. William Ilnbhard, father of the historian, Mine to Massa- 
chusetts in the Defence in 1685, with his wife Judith, and two daughter*, 
Martha and Margaret. His other children were: John, aged 1' . William, 
aged Ki; Nathaniel, aged : Richard, aged 4. Hubbard removed from 
Ipswich to Boston in 1062, and died in 1070. Ho is said to have sold hia 
property In England for the advantage of tho infant state, reserving only 
an income of ill 00 for himself and family. 

About the same time, from South- B boo, now Sutterton, in Lincolnshire, 
'Him- John Whutingham, who marrieil Martha IIuMiard j ind possibly a 
brother ThoBee, who was lieutenant of the Ipswich company in 1645. 

Their mother was the widow of Daniel Whittingham, the youngest of 
the six children left by William Whittingham, dean ol I mi 

as born Nov. 12, 1571 ; he was liviDg in 1590 and unmarried, 
inheriting property under hut mother's will. There is no record of his 
marriage or death in Durham, but it is j>ossible both might be found in 
Southerton. It is be whom Mrs. Partington haa chosen to record as 
Baruch, hut why she should describe him as a posthumous child is best 
known to herself. 

John Whittingham married Martha, daughter of the first William 
Hubbard. Her sister Margaret was already married to Ezekiel Rogers, 
and Ezekiel's sister Margaret, the beloved daughter of the Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers, subsequently married his brother by that marriBge, the Kev. Wm. 
Hubbard, the historian. 

John and Richard died unmarried in England, where they went to look 
after property, perhaps at Tcudi ing Hundred in Essex. 

As Natlianiel is never mentioned after his arrival, be probably died 
early. 

William Hubbard, the historian, born in England in 1 622, graduated in 
the first class ut Harvard in 1012. He was invited to tho Ipswich pulpit 
in 1650, and soon after married. He died Sept. 25, 1704, at the age of 
83; having written mum than any man in behalf of the colony, if we except 
Governor Winthrop, whose material he doubtless had leave to use as if it 
were his own. 

Of Margaret BQgm Hubbard wo hear little. She devoted herself to 
her father iu his last fflnaflS, and with bit dying brenth, the Rev. Nathaniel 
ltogers blessed tho three children of his only daughter. She had no 
children after IC55. 

John Whittingham, tho solo survivor of his family, married Man ha 
Huhhanl, and i!i>-y had: John, dead before 16j3; Martha, Richard, William, 
Elizabeth and Judith. 

According to the testimony of their nephew Samuel Clarke, John, 
Richard, Elizabeth and Judith died without issue, and as John Whittingham 
himself died in 1649, his grandchildren seem never to have known his 
name, but to have taken it for granted that it was William. 

The sole surviving daughter, Martha, married the Hon. John Clarke, 
about 1CG7. This Clarke was the oldest son of the famous old surgeon, 
lumber merchant and cattle dealer, who had married Martha Saltonstall, 
and came from Newbury to Boston in 1651, a man who excelled in 
everything, from trepanning a skull and cutting for tho stone, to inventing 
economical wood stoves. As this second John Clarke was not made a 
freeman of Boston till 1673, he may have been educated abroad, and 
probably camo from Ncwburv to Boston. 

Vol.'XXVII. 13 




LSfl 



Genealogical Notes and Errata. 



[April, 



The TTon. John Clarke married Martha, ilanghter of John Whittingham 
and Martha Hubbard, about 1GG7. They had: 

John, born 1 1 - ■ 

William, born lf.70; married to Mary. dau. of Wm. Whittingham : 

Samuel, born 1677, who wrote the Gordon and Hubbard legend, and 
inherited the Gordon tankard ; 

••beth, born L680| married first to a cousin "Hubbard" who was a 

mariner, and afterward the thin] wife of the Rev. Cotton Mather, who 

greet s|K>il I" In 1SI8 one of her descendants, Hannah 

Mather Crocker, dedicated to Hannah More some "Observations on the 

Rights of Women," probably the first book on that much vexed topic ever 

rica. 

William Whittingham, brother of Martha Whittingham Clarke, married 
Mary, daughter of John Lawrence, who went from Ipswich to New-York 
in 16C2. By her he had at Rowley, near Ipswich i 

Martha, married March 1. 1681, to the Rev. John Rogers, of Ipswich; 

Mary, married first, to the H-m. Win. ("lurk, of Bosl -u, B BOOflD on the 
Wtuttingbam ride; Beeond, to On linn. Garden Saltoustall, governor of 
Connecticut, a distur i her first husband : 

Elizabeth, married first, lo the I lorn. Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich ; second, 
to the Rev. Edward PejeOD, of Row!- 

Richard, gradnated at Harvard in l'*89; 

William, who died early in the West Indies. 

It ought to be said here, tliat few of tho families coming to Massachusetts 
Bay could properly be called puritans. 

The Rogerses, Hubhards and Whittinghams were all what is called 
conformists, though some of tin -m 1 1 v- ■ • ■ 1 to repent of their conformity. 

Farther oarreetMDJ in reference to tho families of Rogers end Wise, I 
defer to a future ar wish to record u inter* very made 

by myself recently in Ipswich, irh! Is a confirmation of the entry 

f -nml by Col. Chester on tho Candh r MS. (antr, xxii. 17). Among the 
children of Nathaniel Rogers in this MS., Col. Chester finds this item: 

" Mary married to Wm. Ileley." 

When this item was published, hardly a descendant of William 1 1 
credited tt Nathaniel Rogers made no will proper, and no one knew that 
ho ever had a daughter Mary. The Heley family had no associations with 
Ipswich. The item was 'I- -iii-i -I altogether. 

I, --entry, in making somo family investigations in Ipswich, connected 
with the name of Symonds, I determined to read every line of the records 
till I exhausted them, and I came unexpectedly upon the following entries. 

Elizabeth I leley married Jonas Gregory, May 10, 1672. 

Mary Heley married John Wood, M \, 1, 1676. 

It, will 1 •! that the spelling of Ihh name i» the same as in the 

Candler MS. The family ha vi not preserved it, cither in ry or 

in England. 

These girls may have been brought up by their grandfather. At all 
eventa they appear to have been married from their ancle*a house, that of 
the Rev. John Rogers, afterward pr, rid ot of Harvard (Village. 

Although the descendants of William Heley, who bear his name, are 
now very few, there must be many persons interested in it, and as bis 
various marriages have confined many investigations, I should 
conclude this article with an exhibit of recorded t 






1873.] 



Genealogical Notes and Errata. 



139 



At some future time T wish to speak of the family registers ordered to 
be kept by i !i M: achu lany, and of some interesting D 

relating to the j of Reginald Potted 

WlLLtAM llKLi.r, b. 1G13, prnhably-iu Devonshire ; m. first, Grace, dau. 
of Miles Ivea, of Watertown, L048, and had : — 
i. Hannah, bap. July 7. 161 I. 
ii. Samuel, "n:t|i. Fell. 14, 1646; d. early. 
iii. Ki.i/ai:i III, bap. .Nov. 14, 1047. 
Cirace (Ives) Heley died b chQdbed, Nov. & 1049, and 'William 
Heley ■■■60000) Mary, dau. of the Rev. Nathauiel Rogers, in 1650, and had: 
iv. BaJUB, bap. Feb. 2, 1651 ; d. Oct. 10, 1G.~'.;. 
v. William, bap. July II. 1 652. 
IIo in. third, Grace, dau. of Nicholas Duttrice, 14. 8- 1G5.3, and had : 
vi. Grace, b. 1654. 
vii. Maky. I>. Nov. 4, 1657. 
vni. Nathaniel, bap. Feb. 5, 1659. 
ix. Maictha, 1 . . i - . Sept 9, 1660. 
II© m. fourth, Phojbe. dun. of Bartholomew Greene, 15. 6. 16C1, and bad: 
i. Samuel, b. 16, 'J. 1662. 
xi. Pah., b. April 8, 1664. 
xii. Maky, b. Oct. 29, 1665. 
lie in. lifih, Nov. '_".), 1677, widow Sarah Brown, of Hampton, the mother 
of the Mitt Sarah B i-i! l,v liia 100 William in 1682. 

It will be seen that neither of the daughters married in Ipswich were 
tbo children of Mary Rogers. Nor does the circumstance that two Mm in 
were bora and named in 1857 and (868, prove that cither died. I shall 
at some timo giro some curious facta to show this. 

The datB Ox Mary Rogers's death is not known. She appears on the 
records simply as "wife Miry." 

The elements of confusion in the aboTC record are many ; but a copy of 
it in.i\ ! avc this use — it may preach patiein . 

Students who found children born to William and Grace in 1G47, to 
William and Mary in 1651, and to William and Grace again in L684, 
naturally enough thought • ■• two William Heley*,* del 

" bi li onlv the probate record baa dispelled. 

Again, \Villiam flcl'-v. '.M. ulio married Sarah Brown in Hampton in 
1682, returned to Cambridge, where he died in 1689, and bis children by 
" wife Sarah "have been imputed to William Heley, lt.t, who died at the 
age of 70, in lees than a max after his son's marriage. 

I expect to fiud the pedigree of William Ilele among the descendants of 
William de la Hole of South Ilele in Devonshire. 

He seems to have been an unfortunate man, perhaps au oldest son who 
had lo*t hifj inheritance in the in il wars. 

He was evidently admitted to the best famil ia not uncommon to 

find his nam' rOCOlded in the wills of the period, us one to whom "that 
deat that i* in hi* hand" is remitted. 

1 1, v .i- n. v. r mi v fortunate, but all his sons did well. 
In 1879, ' >. (Mart of Middlesex, Mass., issued in Order requiring 

certain statistical returns from the several towns. In the Cambridge return 
id: — "JO. J. I860. For English, our school dame ia Good-Wife 
Heley at present but nine scholars." 



140 Utoeri-Bodk of ihr. First Church in Charlestoum. 

CorUdqoI tmm tqL nrl (««• Itt. 



[April, 



7»»r & moneth 



nih- 



il 



12 



day 



i 



n 



18 



Tho Baptized — Page 246 — 



] )•• of Indcgo Potter & of maryhij wil 
Laurence] y* »on of Joseph Dowfe <fc of mm bis Dowfe 

[wife. 
Jonathan] y« son of iu r Andrew Belcher «fc of Belchef 

Hannah] v daughf of Benjamin Fcllops & 

Pral 
Samuel] y c son of Thomas Hilt & Dorothe his wife Ilitt 

IsoghtF of Thomas Cart' A: Bath* his wife Cart*: [ham 

[two names omitted.] Jj* 6 " 

Hannah] y" daughf of m r Sam" Hunting & of Hunting 

[Hannah hi* will 
]1obu] y r aon of Thomas Ashby & of Mary his wil 
Anna] y« daught* of Jacob llurd ft Hard 

Thomas] y" son of Jn D noor&of Elifnbeth his wil. i' 
Jonathan] y c iuii of Solumon phips it of insrv lii» Chips 

fwifbj 
Hannah] y* wife of Jonathau Cary & Hannah his Cary 

| wife 
William] y*»on of William Jimiion & of Sarai his JiiTiifon. 

[wife 
[space for two or throe names.] $ '^*^ 

Abigail] j* Lndlww Stimfon ^limfoo 

Jn"] y'son of Sam 11 I nam & of Kutli lii.\ I- u.thing- 

[wi. . [ham 

John] y* son of Nath'i ("an Lbelh hi- wife. Cary. 

Abigail] y* daugbf of Andrew Stimfon & Abigail Stimfoa 

[hi.i wife 
Robert] y* sou of Hubert LuiBt & of llubei-kah his Luist. 

[wift 
William] y« son of Zceh Johnfon & of Elisabeth Johnfon. 

[his v 
of Jacob Walt's & of Sarai^ his wi fe Waifs 
ofStavsn Codman & of FJifabeth'Codmaa 
[his .. 
Katharine] y'daughl' of mr John Rlaney & of Sarai Rlaney 

[hi* 
Andrew] y« son of Andrew St.imfi.n & Abigail hi* Stimfon. 

[wifu. 
25 Rebeckah]y»daoght'of Enoch More ftofBtMckah I 

[his wife 



More. 



yeare & moneth 
16 83 day 



1 



The Baptized — Page 217 — 



Miller] y« child of bro : JolVpli Front & of 1 1 

hi* wil •■ K 1 ' in, Miller 

Mary] y* daugbt 1 of bro. Jfllljlll Kcitle A Hannah 

[his will-. 
Sarai] j* daught* of Jn» Walk' & of Anna his wife 
.s.iinind] y e son of Jonathan Cary & Hannah hi» 

[wife 
Thomas] son of Tho : Chapman «fc Snrai his wife. 
Anii.'i I j* dtogbti ir ..I Mary She jiard. 

Caleb] jr« son of Jacob Green Jim r & Mary his wife 



Frost 

Kettle 

Walk'. 
0w7. 

Chapman. 

Green 



1813.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestovm. 141 


— Page 217 {concluded). — 






& 


] y danght' of Roll" Wallis & Susanna hie 

[ iv if.-. 

Sard] y e daught' of m' Zechariah Long & Sarai 

[In i 


Wallis : 




1 


13 


Long 1 ! 














27 


-.tut 
Richard] y daughf of Jn° Knell A Elifub.tl, hi.- 

[wife. 
Hannah] y* daught' of Samuel Blunt & Amm hu 


Knell 






& 


BlunL 








[wife. 






6 


8. 


John] )•• son of John Ireland & Gracfc hi* I 


Ireland 






u 


Ty" son of Will : Vine & Elifabcth his wife. 








■v. 


"1 y r daught' of Jofeph Hvall .'■ 


RyaJ] 






22 


Saraijy daught' of Math: Davis & Mary 1 


Davis. 






& 


Lydiaj y* daught' of Ju". Kent it of Hannah hi* 

[wife. 


Kent. 




6 


12 


Hannah y* daught* of Thoiuaa Sbeppard & Ho&aft] 

[his wife 


ShappamL 






19 


Samuel] y* son of william Wilfon & hi* wift- 


Wilfon 




7 


L6 


James] y son of .Tamo Cuppin & Hannah his wife. 
Thomas^ y" son of ui'TIm ! QfMkVwAStnl bis wife 


Cuppin. 






80 


• ea. 




8 


7 


Mary] y* 'daught' of m» Tho : Tuck & Elihihcth his 

[wifi' 
Mary] y" daught' of Jn". Chamhcrlayn & Deborah 


Tuck. 






14 


Chamber- 








[hi? • 


Ian 






21 


Dudley] y son of Cap'. Jonathan Wade tfe of* Wade. 








[Deborah his ■■■ 








96 


Jotham] y son of Paul Mavriek & his wift 


Mtnrick. 




9 


11 


Elifabetb} y' daughf M f Ju". Whittuuior© & Mary 


Whiiiamoro 






18. 


Martha] \ c daught' of Sam" Dowfu & of Fkith hi- 

[wife 
Samuel] v« son of Samuel Cutler & of Dorothv hi- 


Dowfe. 




10 


9 


Cutler. 






SO 


Twife. 
Robert] y son of Timothy Cutler & of Kliubeth 

[his wift. 


Culler. 




11 


6 


Elifubcth] y daught' of Solomon phips & man- hi* 


Phips. 






20 


ii in. 
| j y* son of Jn fl . Melvyn & Hannah hit wife Melvyn. 
Samuel] y° son of m r Sam 11 phips & Kalhariuc hisil'hips. 




12 


10 






[wifc.l 


— Page 248 — 


{Mai MS 


[i->i 


] 1 


30 


Ebcnezer] y son of Pet 1 Fowl & mary his wife 


!■ ■■>-. i 






& 


Anna] y« daught' of rn* Andrew Belcher & Sarai 

Pii* wife. 


Belcher 




2 


1 


william] y« son of william Johufon & esthii buwift. 


Johnibn 






a 


David] y son of Stephen Walters & Sarai his wift 


Walter*. 






& 


EbcuczcrJ y sou of Jn° Wilder & Hannah his 

[wife. 


Wilder. 






27 


Elifabeth] J* wife of Tliomas Call. 


Call 




3 


4 


mary] y daught' of Jn u . Eades & Mary his wife. 
mary] y daught' of ni r Tho : Lynd & Alary his wife. 


Eadcf. 






18 


I. Villi. 




4 


1 


Tiiuolhv] y« son of Jn". Cutler & Martha his wife. 


fuller. 






22 


] y« son of Thomas Rand & Sarai his wife. 


Rand 






& 


Sarai] y« daught' of Matthew Soley & Sarai his wife 
Sarai] y daught' of Will. Jiinifou & Sarai bis wife. 


Soler. 






St 


Jiinilon 




6 


27 


Sii.ianna] y« daught' of Enoch more & Rcbekah his moro 


LKIHI 

Vol. XXVII. 13* 



142 Record-Book of the First Church in Charlcstou-n. [April, 


— Pago 248 (amdudtd). — 




6 


17 


Ebenczer] y* »on of Jonathan Cary & Hannah bi< 

[vrifi- 


Cary. 






24 


Jobn] y - son of John Rennet & Ruth hi* wife. 
Stinii.fi] j* sod of in' Will Marfba & Lydia Kis* wife. 


Rennet. 






31 


Marfball. 






A 


Jonathan] y* son of Thouias Call & Eliftbi 
Benjamin] y* aon of Joseph Kettle & Hannah kb 


Call. 




7 


7 


Kettle. 








[wife 








& 


Nicholas] y* son of Isaac Johnfon & mtl y u '' wife. 
Hannah j y e daught' of Thomas Afhby & aiary hi> 


Johnfon. 






21 


A f 1.1 iy 








| V . I 1 1 • 






8 


12 


Elcazcr] ) y* children of of Eleaz' phillips & Anna 
Anna] { fins wife 
Henry] y° son of Timothy phHlipi & mary his wife 


) Phillips 






& 


> 






& 


y 






& 


Mary J j e daught' of James Smith & mary his wife 
Mary] y* daught' of of Timothy phillips & Mary 


Smith 






& 


phillips 








This wife 
Benjamin] y r son of Stephen Codman & Eli. 








& 


Codman. 








[his wife. 
Richard] son of James Miller & Hannah ins wife 








19 


milliT 






20 


Mary] y e daught' of Andrew Stiinfon & Abigail 

[his wife. 


Sli'iilbn 






& 


Joanna] y* daught' of Will Johnfon & & Sarai his 

[wife. 


Johnfon 




9 


2 


Anne] y* daught* of Thomas Hitt. & of Dorothy 

[his wile 
John] y* son of Robert Wallis & Sufanna 1 » • 


Hilt 






9 


Wallis 






16 


Elifabcth] V daught' of Sam 11 Lcman & Mary his 

[wife. 


Lcman. 




10 


11 


Dorcas] y« danghter of m r Jacob Green Ton* A 

[Alary his wife. 
Sarai] y* daught' of Zcchariah Johnlon & Elifabeth 

[his wife 
Margaret] y« daught' of Will ! Shicf & Ruth hil 


Green. 






A 


Johnfon. 






& 


BUoC 








[wife. 








28 


Robert] y e son of m r Zechar ; Long & Sarai bin 

[wife. 

John] y" son of m' Jri". Blancr & Sarai lii.i wife. 

Edward] y" son of Edward Loyd & Hannah hi.' 

[wift. 

Bethiah] v« daught' of Jn° Poor & Elifabeth his 


Long 




11 


4 


Blsnsy. 






& 


Loyd. 






11 


Poon 








[wife. 




rear & month 


16|84 1 day | — Page 249 — 




12 


1 


Anna] the daughter of Thomas 4c mary Shepard Shepard. 


Tl 




22 


Abielj tho daught' of Jn°. Ireland & Grace his wife 


Ireland. 


8o 




raon 


cth 


day 
1 


Vincent] v* son of Thomas Carter & Esther his wife 


Carter 


1 






& 


John] ' 1 1 

Benjamin] ^ 1 

Jonathan! J >• ».• •• .• ' - r 

Abigail]! Abiga.lhi.mfc. 


^ 






& 

& 
& 

& 


■ Simpfon 






& 


Sufanna > y* daughters 








& 


Deborah S J 








&. 


Jonathan] y« son of G. Jonathan Simpfon A WW 




♦ 




[his wife. 







1873.] Record-Book ■>/ tiu, First Church M Charlestown. 143 


— Page 249 (concluded). — 






8 


Susanna] y* daughter of G. John Damon & 

[SiiIjmiimIi his wife 


Damon. 






29 


Martha] y» daught' of G" Peter Frothingham A 

[Mary bis wife 


Frothing- 
[ham. 






& 


Nathaniel. V* ~* "*" *•— " u " , "- ""• , 








& 


lames. > y° sous 










& 


Sainuel. J 


of G. Nathaniel Kettle 








& 


Hannah, j (J fa 
barai. \ ' " , 


& Hannah his wife. 








& 
& 

& 


Jonathan] y« .on 1 of ft Jon ^ KmU & 
SSnfl i y " dftn e 1,tr " S Abigail his wile. 












2 


r, 


Thomas] y« son of m' Robert Luist & Rcbekah hi» 

[wife 
Wail] y e daughter of G.Jonathan Simpfon & Wait 


Luist. 






& 


Simpfon. 








[hi* "ili-. 








12 


Mary] y" daught r of Sam 11 lilunt A Anna his wife 
Grace] 'y r daught' of m' Nathan Hayuiau & of 


[Hunt. 






19 


Hay man. 








[ llliiub 11 his wife 








& 


Jofhua] ye son of Benjamin T".lh 


Fcllops. 




3 


8 


•^iiniia] y e wife of G. Alexand' Logyn. 


} 






& 


Alexander] ) y" sons of Alexand' & Blllfiumi 
John] S [Lygyn 
Sufauna] y" daught' of G.y Logyn by 6. Jn". 


> Eogyn. 






& 
& 


liurrage. 








[llurrsm- her loriiKT husband. 








17 


John] y c son of G. Jacob Hurd & Anne his vile. 
Saraij y" daught' of *•. Xbamu Bhtpperd 

[Hannah bis wife 
Hannah] y* daught' of G. Natb'.f Frotuingbaui & 

[Mary his wife 
Thomas] y° son of Aaron Way & Mary his wife. 


Hurt!. 






& 


Sbc|ij>ord. 














31 


Frothing- 






& 


[ham. 
Way. 


[16 


86] 




— Page 250, entirely blank. — 




— Page 851 — 






The Names of such as were Baptited in the Church of 


months 


Days 


Christ at Charles- Town. Since the Induction of 


~ ii'.SC. 




me CJiitr/a Morton, w<* was NoTcmbcr 5, ,h 1GH6. 


9. 


7. 


John] )■* son of William & Jamison 
peter] f* son of John & ""J" Mary Fades 




21 






}•• Daughter of Thomas iV; Elizabeth I all 






Daught' of Thomas & Hannah (admitt' 1 .* Welsh 


10 


5 


Adam] Hon of Jacob fc (the member in full com ;) Walters 
Abigail:] Daughter of Isaak & Mary Johnson (aho Johnson 










[io full cofn) 






Hephxiba] Daughter of Stephen & (she admitted) Codmon 


11 


2 


Timothy] S. Twnothy fc ihillipa 
Elizabeth! D o'f James & Hannah [?] Miller 
Mar\ J widdtira (aged about 22 y') Adams 
Abigail] the wife of .John Soly (aged ) Soly 

Elizabeth] y« wilr .,l Tin, : (i ) llennet 








9 












16 


John. s. of Andrew 9) Snmson 




30 


Darid. s. of & Loiit 
Rebecca D of Nathaneel & Kettlo 

ats* D i, {•'»«*•!"- is£ 



144 



Gleanings. 



[April, 



GLEANINGS. 

Comiawad foot rot xiti. j>««» 4M. 
MOTHER GOOSE'S MELODIES. 

64. 

Ik 1870, a very handsome edition of these famous nursery rhyme* was 
published by Hurd and Houghton, end in it appeared an essay seeking to 
prove that tho title was gfvoo by thfl publisher of the first edition. 

It is a well-known fact that there was a family in Boston, named Ver- 
goose, a name often contracted into Goose. It is certain that in 1715 
Elizabeth Goose of this family married Thomas Fleet, ami that her mother 
Elizabeth (Foster) Vcrgoose lived for many years after that date. Tho 
author of the essay cited, claims Elizabeth was tin; "Mother 

Goose" for whom the collection was au 

1 [(• does this on the supposition thai the first edition of the rhymes bore 
the following title : " Songs for the Nursery, or Mother Goose V Mi 
for Children. Printed by T. Fleet, at hia printing-house, Pudding Lane, 
1719. Price two coppers." If this title be correct we might well con- 
sider the case proved ; but here unfortunately a doubt occurs. So far as 
the above quoted Preface goes, it seems that a member of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, who died in 1859 (is the late Edward A. Crown- 
on meant!'), band in 1836 an imperfect copy of the first 
' in the library of the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester. 
He took a note of the title. After the death of this gentleman, the writer 
of the ••-viv '• G-. A. H." earned i search to be made at Worcester, but did 
not succeed in finding the pamphlet, and we believe that it has never since 
been found. 

Undat these circumstances, if the only witness to the existence of the 
book be the late Mr. Cruwniushiold, it is surely essential thai we should 
have an ex net copy of his memorandum. It may bo that it was in the 
form above quoted, but if so the fun should bo stated. 



It would hardly have been worth while, however, to write these lines to 
point, mil '.hi:- evident Haw in the argument, had I not been able to give 
some new facts bearing on the same topic. 

Li the account books of Daniel II n-lnn in. the well known printer, now 
among the Hancock Papers in the library of the N. E. Historic, Genealo- 
gical society, will bt found the following items: 

Sah- look, p. 17, 10, W, fto. 

May 26, 171:"'. Edward BromfieM, 1 dor. Versee, 12<£ 

June B, 1719. Nioh. Harford. S dor. Versos, 2«. 

JulyS, 1719. Elr-a.-.i- Bossell, 800 7ereeeft>r Children, IS* 

Aug. 11, 1719. John Det.nie. 10 doz. Verses, 10#. 

March 1, 1719-20. F.,.nj. Gray, IS doz. Verses for Children end 

other books, — 

April l. r i, 1720. John Edwards, 100 Verses for Children, «1*. 

April 23, 1720. John and Chas. Caldwel, 16 doz. Verses, C* 

T also find, July 13, 1719, Thomas Fleet credited by printing lm 
Primers, £2 6 U. " 



1873.] 



Gleanings. 



145 



It seems, tlien, thnt in 1710 Henchman hud issued a pamphlet or sheet 
called " Verses for Children." and that Fleet waa engaged in printing for 
him another cheap sheet called the " Primer.'* Is it probable ilniL any 
book with the supposed title of " Songs for the Nursery or Mother Goose's 
Melodies for Children" would be sold and described as " Verses for Chil- 
dren " ? Is it probable that Fleet would have issued a sheet of his own at 
the mmc time that he printed one for his employer, and that if hu did, 
Henchman would have been content ? Does not the proved existence of 
Henchman's book ronder it most desirable that we should haw an exact 
copy of Mr. Crowninshicld's note, and does it not raise some doubt as to 
the existence of Fleet's pamphlet? W. II. Wiutjiore. 

65. 

A recent memoir of Myles Stand ish, by John S. C- Abbott, suggest* an 
inquiry into the Standi* 1 1 p^li^i-..-!.-. In Myles Si;tn<ii»h s will, as punted in 
liir lvi ..isiF.K, v. 886, is the "following clause: "I give DBtO BJ son and 
heir ap.-uiMil Alexander Stnudish, ail my lauds a* Bttrl apparent, by lawful 
_ decent, in Ormistick, Bousconge, Wrightiugtuii, Maudsley. Newburrow, 
Cranston, and in the Islo of man, and given to nice as right heire by law- 
ful decent, hut surreptitiously detained from mo, my great grandfather 
being a 2 m,d or younger brother from the house of Standish of Suuulish." 

Notwithstanding that the names above given are badly spelled or mUcopied, 
it is evident that they aro all the names of places in Lancashire, \'u.. : 
Ormskirk, Burscough (a part of OruiBkirk), Wrigktington (in Eceleston 
parish, niuo miles from <).), Mawdesly (in Crostou parish eigttt miles from 
O.), New burg (a place some six miles east of O.), uud Croston. 

These parishes, Omiskirk, Eceleston and Crostou, are in the hundred of 
Levlaml. as is also the parish of Suindish in which is included Duxbury. 

it will he noticed, therefor.', that Myles Standish did not claim the main 
estates of his family, hut only some part, which we may presume would bo 
a younger brother's portion. Mr. Abbott makes the astounding discovery 
about the Standish es, that "in the great controversy between the Catholics 
and Protestants there waa a division in the family, part adhering to the 
ancient faith and part accepting the Protestant religion. Thui there arose 
as it were two families ; the Catholics who were of Standish Hull, and the 
Protestants who were of Duxbury Hall. Belter authorities, however, say 
that Thurston de Standish was living iu 1221, and that of his two grand- 
sons Jordan was of Standish Hall, and his brother Hugh was father of the 
first of the Duxbury Hall family. 

In the main lino there was at Standish Hall, contemporary with our 
Captain Myles, Ralph Standish who died in 1656. Ralph's father was 
Alexander, his grandfather was Edward, and his great-grandfather was 
Alexander Standish, who married in 1518. It is to bo noted that Edward 
was "second son and eventual representative of Alexander.' 1 

In the Duxbury Hall family th« contemporary of Myles would he Thomas, 
whose three sons successively held the estate, the last one bei. r of 

Sir Richard Si.mdish, hart., created so in 1677. This Thomas was son of 
Alexander 1 ! grandson of Thomas, great-grandson of James, gr.-gr.-grandson 
of Thomas who married in 1497. There is no intimation of any change 
in the order of descent in this family. 

It is certainly very strange that if Mylrs belonged to the familv of Stand- 
ish of Standish, he should have named his -it lenient Duxbury in honor 
of the home of a different branch of the family. 




146 



Will of Francis ChamjKrnovn. 



[April, 



It would seem more likely that Myles Standish belonged to tome junior 
branch of either family (presumably of the Duxbary Hall line), and 
did not know when the two families separated. It is true thai at the 
time whcu the great-grandfather of hia contemporary succeeded i 
lull estate, it was as a second son. Still the statement is 62 
that Edward was the heir to his brother Ralph who died issueless, and that 
there were no younger eons. 

8 :«coount given in Burke's u Commoners," ii. 64, is very full, and men- 
tions many younger sons in various generations. But the very prominence 
of the family is a strong argument against any irregularity in the succession 
to tliu main estates. 

in ■■•.-in therefore of Mr. Abbott's foolish statement that -it biprobahlfl 
that Myles Standish was the legal heir to nil this property [Standish Hall 
tad Uushury Hall with nn income of S500,(M>0], ami that by gross iuju- 1 k- ■•; 
be was defrauded of it," the case seems to be that Myles himself claimed 
some other estates and was probably ignorant of his own pttHgl 

In Winsor's History of Duxbury, p. 9G-7, is an account of some searches 
made about 1846-7, by the descendants of Captain Standish, to trace and 
recover tin Tho agent searched the records of the parish of 

Chorley in Lancashire from 151!' to 1602, and reported that they were all 
in good condition excepting the leaf containing tho births for 15. SI and 
1585, which seemed to have been intentionally obliterated. 

As it was thought that Myles was born in that year, this mutilation was 
considered as proof that he was the lawful heir and nnjustly deprived 

v. S. > far as this report goes, it does not appear that any search 
was made at the places named in the Captain's will, nor any attempt made 
to trace any of the tjBDkv lines of the family. It might well repay any of 
file American Standishes to make a genealogical search in England | bat so 
long or they put forth claims void in law and in probability, they di 
themselves of the best sources of information, tho family papers 01 tho 
rightful heirs now in possession. W. H. Wiiitmore. 



WILL OF FRANCIS CIIAMPERNOUN. 

Copied for the Register from th« TnrV County (Mr.) Probate Record*, yoI. I. pp. 64-6, 
by N. J. Hebbicx, Esq., of Alfred, Mc. 

Ill the name of God Amen I Francis Champernoun Gentleman, Inhnbit- 
aniof y* Island commonly railed by the name or Champernouus Island in 
y* Township of Kittery in y* Province of Maine in New- England being 
weak of body but of Sound and perfect Memory doe make & ordaine thi» 
my last Will & Testament In manner A form following, vizt. — Imp™ 1 
coinit my Soul to God hoping bj hi.-, mercy through y' Menrita of Jesus 
Christ to enjoy life Kternull and By liody to y* earth to itly buried 

in such manner as my Executrix hereafter named Shall think tit. And as 
for my temporall Estate and goods with which it hath pleased God to F.n- 
dow me, after iur Junt Debt! end 1 Mineral Charges are paid I gi 
U:>|ueath as followeth. Itin. I make onhiin and COIUtituti- nn 
wife- Mary Ckawperuuuuu full ami Sole l\xr.-utri.\ of this my lost will || 
Testament. 



1873.] 



inn of . 



rancts Lhamjicrnoun. 



147 



I givo bluest I) & confirm e unto my a 4 Exeentrii the ono 
half part of y" s J Champeraouns Island wliiili l icffl possess to her my s a 
ecutru for ever, which I have alrt--< by Deed under my hand 

and Si al to my tfi BXMBlXfZ. 

Iftin. I an :itid I «-i pieath & confirm utifo my B w Humphrey 

BUiol •■>- EEluabotfc baa mm wife And th< it hi in forever the other [>:»rt of 

my s d Island, v. hi.-li I have already gi'. 'I under my hand and Seal 

to f* s d Humphrey & Kli/abeth liis wife. Item. I give nmi |)HM ath unto 
my Sun in Law Hubert Ollttj my daughter in LMV I'.ji ren my 

daughter in l. ; «w Maty Cott ami my daughter in Law Sarah Cult, and to 
■ ever all that part of three litmdred acre* of Land belonging 

uuto dm lying between Crockett neck tod y* hud formerly belooging unto 
Hugh Gunnison on y* Estern Side of Spruce Creek to be Equall] in-vided 
between y*8 d Kobe rt Bridget Sarali !•. 1 1 nut before 

the uiakiug uf this my last will and Testament dtipOMd ot to any other 
hi And also Excepting thirty acres of land in this my last will ds 
Testament hereunder given to Elisabeth Small. 

Item. I givo & bequeath unto Elizalieth Small my Servant maid and 
to her heirs for ever in behalf of what. I formerly promised her. Thirty 
acrea of Land at Spruce Creek which s" thirty aires of 'land part of y" 
afores 4 three hundred acres, it is my will Shall ho first laid out by my Exe- 
cutrix and my overseers hereunder named And olio 1 do ;,i\o and bequeath 
unto \' tfi Elizabeth Small ten pound- to bfl paid (0 her in Cattle & ten 
pounds iu goods which is in Lieu of what I promised her. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Boo 10 Law Kiehard Cutl the Sum 
of five pounds to be paid by my s 4 Executrix.* 

Item. In respect of y* great aflbctloe that I bear unto my Grand Child 

Chatnperuoun Eliot Sun of Humphrey Elliot I doc by theao presents adopt 
declare & make the s* 1 Chaurpc.rnoun Klliot my heire. (Jiving to him V* 8* 
Champernoun all y* Lands of Right b< longing uuto me or that may belong 
unto me either in old England Of in New Knglaud not by mi already disposed 
of And doe by thiB my last Will and Testament appoint and constitute him y* 
tfi Champernoun my Executor of nil my Estate that either in or may he of 
Right belonging or be due unto DM fa pld England from any psou And 
y* same to have & enjoy to him y*s d Obampernonn and hi heir i for ever. 
In in. I doe h ereb y Constitute Robert mason Esq*. John H hicks, Esq*, 
He* John Davis of York end Robert Elliot of G rout I sland Merchant my 

Loving Friends to he over seers of this my last. Will and Testament and 
deairo they may set h. Seme performed and be Assistant to my b 4 Exe- 
cutrix. 

Lastly I doe declare and publish this to be my last Will & Testament 

Annulling ami Bttkxng void all former iv other Wills ami nta. 

In witness whereof I have hereon El md nnd Seal this sixteenth 

day of N ioveuib* in y* year of our Lord <lod one thousand Six hundred & 
Eighty six, Annfj* Bag. Rag? JaooU 8eenndl Secundo. 

S I U' : i '1 S al< | ii md 

published to be the last will & 
Testament of Francis Champer- 
noun Geo 1 in y* pros" of us: — 
William Mil born 

Bdm. Gaco 

Hob 1 Elliot. 



IS CUAJIPEUMOCW f_5EAX.] 



148 John Baldwin, of Stonmgton, and other John Baldwins. | April, 

Mr. "William Milborn made oath this 28th of Decemb' 1C87 before John 
llhicks one of hi* Ma 1 " Coum-ill for his Territory and Dominion of Ni ■»- 
England that this was the last will and Tcstam' of Cap" Francis Cham- 
pernoun. Jony Hixcks. 

• ince of Main. At his Ma u ** Inferior Court of comon Pleas lull 

■t Wfitb ft>r 6b Province Hda Mih of Man* 18W Mr. Bobt Klliot & 

Edmund Gage appenml I in i Boottow Eaonlra, Jmlgcof y* s 4 Court 

fory*s ! Provinoe and Mr. Sam 1 Wheelwright and Chink Francis Book two 

of lii.-i M:i .1 -ticca of)'* Peace for y* 6 d ftovincf and made < t.-itli thai 

Saw J* late (.'apt. Francis {.rhampernoun Sign Seal & Proclaim y* within 

written Will as on y* other Side Expressd he y* s* Champernoin, 

full Js perfect understanding And that they set their bauds to y* a* lnstru- 

meou 

Francis Hook, Jut. Peace. JosnrA Scorrow, 

Sam'l Wh-bbx.WSJ.OHT, Jo*. Peace. Thomas Scorrow, Cler. 

BdUHHtd Gaga & Robu Elliot Esqre came before us this 20th day of Sept. 
:ni<i b :"i'- oath ii'-. were prcseut and Bav Oapti sTrandb Champarnoon 

Sign, Seal & declare this Instrument to be his last Will & Testament. 

W. Barefoot, /. P. 
Thos. Gbaspoet. 

A true copy of the original Will & probate thereof Transcribed & com- 
pared Aug. 18, 1698. Jos. Mori. ton, Register. 



JOHN BALDWIN OF STONINGTON. AND SOME OTHER 
JOHN BALDWINS OF THE KARLY COLONY TIMES. 

Communicated t>y ttie Hon. Jons D. Baldwin, of Worcester. 

Tftf. '• \..t.-s," by Mr. Charles C. Baldwin, "on the Ancestry of Sylvester 
Baldwin." in the July number of the Rkmstkk, have great value because 
they are unusually trustworthy. I can say this with confidence, for I know 
something of the care and thoroughness with which his investigations were 
made. 

Had it been his purpose, to give an account of Sylvester Baldwin's 
descendants, the same exacting and patient scrutiny of facts and state- 
ments professing to be facts, would have corrected a mistake whi< h I Bud 
in the " Notes." While showing conclusively that John Baldwin of Ston- 
ington, was a son of Sylvester, the " Notes " say : this John Baldwin B mar- 
ried in New London, July 21, 1**72, 1'cln cca Cheeseborough, widow, and 
had by bar five children, the only son being Sylvester, born March 1. 1 M 7." 
This is all tbnt is told of his family by the New Loudon and Stonington 
town records; but the church and other records abow that he had six 
children bj hn wife Rebecca, two of iheui being sons. 

John Baldwin of Stonington died August, 1083. His youngest child, 

named Iheuphilus (birth not uieiiti <1 in the town records), was born 

in that year; and it is through this boh only that he has descendant* who 
bear the family name. His sou John, by his firnL wife, died when about 
18 years old. The children by his wifo Rebecca wuro : Rebecca, born in 



1873.] John Baldwin, of Stonington, and other Jo/tn Baldwins. 149 

1G73, Mary in I675 ( Sylvester in K>77, Sarah in 1679, Jane in 1G31, anil 
Thenphihi* in 1 no - < hi" and only two 

daughters. Jane was not living in KV.iJ, fur, in that year, the mother bad 
all DST liuiiL' Dhildno haptixed in Stonington, including the eon by bi 
husband, and the church record gives the names as follows: •• Klihu 
Chesebrough, Sylvester Baldwin, Theophilus Baldwin, and Rebecca, Mary, 
and Sarah Baldwin." 

BabaoOi the widowed mothor of these children, died in 1718 ; she was 
a daughter of Walter Palmer, of New London. John Baldwin removed 
from Milfiwl to New London in 16G4; and from New London to Stoning- 
ton in lf>72, ii.. :, <u. r hjfl second marriage, the reason tor his 

settling in Stonington being the possession of a very large tract of land i" 

ill uli part of thnt town. Most of this land was bequeathed to the son 

Theophilus, by hi* mother, run n occupied! by five successive gene- 

rations of bar Baldwin descendants. I was born on it. 

The • ■ | ' 1 : In I Baldwin (known in Stonington as Deacon Theophilus Bald" 
win) married, May in, 17 H). l'riscilla Mason, daughter of D 
by his second wife Rebecca (Hobart) Mason ; her paternal grandfather 
being tlir Gu&OOJ Paptain (or Major) .lobn M.tvin, and her iwiU rual ^rand- 
iie- EteT. JevanuaS BobarJ, of Ilingham, Mawt. They hail tin- fi'l- 
ilill.lnii: .Fi.lui, my it,,. ilicr, born July 12, 1711 ; IV 

born Nov. 17, 171 J; Theophilu*. horn in 171 H; .tor, I., in 1710. 

GOJU I.KMNO THAT Ol.l> BlULE. 

mentioned in the "Notes "on Sylvester Baldwin'* n that I 

have Men U old Hbh In which a family record described John Baldwin, 
of Stoniugtpit, and John Baldwin, of Norwich, as cousins. I will state the 
facta relative to that old Bible. It belonged originally to Deacon Theo- 
pliiln- HaldwiOj and the i-ecordl IB El IPSES Bade by him. Thai these 
records were important may be inferred from two circumstances: first, John 
Baldwin, of Stonington, was his father; and, second, his mother, who lived 
thirty years after his father '« death, must have been weU iilfijlliwd in regard 
to ill./ family history. As he was, according to tradition, a very intelligent 
man, it was hardly possible that ho should fail to e datable accurate 

information in regard to his ancestry and family connections. 

After his death, the Bible with it- records went to his son John, my 
great-grandfather, in whose family it was preserved with jealous care. 
This son John married Eunlat Spalding, of l'laiutield, Conu. She lived to 
be over K'-l years old, and died in 1818, when I was in my ninth year. 
She lived in my father's family, from 1811 to 1817. This old lady, my 
gruat-grundmother, was remarkably well preserved in mind and spirit? 
a pints time previous to ber death. She had the old Bible when I fin 
it, and was extremelv careful to guard it against injury. When -he. died, 
i to my oldest uncle : but the binding had become tender ; it was too 
much neglected ; and, after a few years, it became a wreck and disappeared. 
It could and should have l>cen preserved. 

When I was Beady eighteen years old, I began to realize the importance 
of that, old family r.-conl. and sought to recover and preserve all that 
if its contents. I could recall much of my great-;.- 
mothor*! talk concerning it; and one of my aunts who had exami. 
much none interest than any other member of the family, was able to give 
me considerable information. In this way I collected many particulars, of 
which I made a record at the time. These are some of them. 

Vol. XXVII. u 



1 50 John Baldwin, tff Stonington, and other John BaUtttUU. [ April, 



1. Tint our, first American ancestor was named John ; thnt ha liv.-d first 

thai when he married the wife with whom he tattled in 
Stonington, he was a widower and she a widow ; and that through her we 
were i I ited to the Chesebrougha. 

2. That this. John Balds 1 on the passage to America ; that 

: i I hildretj Mttted in Mew-Haven ; that his name wu Sylvester; 
ud that my great-gran It'uh.r's brother, Sy I vaster, who lived to be a very 
old man, and was known to my aunt, was named for him. 

8. Tlint my great-grand; blhar married a Mason; and that he 

had a second wife, but no more children. My aunts memory was at fault 

in regard to his name, but she thought it was'either Thomas or Thconhiln*. 

well known in the family, by tradition, that he waa a deacon of the 

•• Old Black Meeting II. .i anal ( him b " 

4. Thnt an orphan con-in of John Haldwin, "I Stonington, came to 
■ in ill. family of Sylvester Baldwin; that this cousin remained in 
the family until he was married; and that he settled in Norwich. 

These and other particulars of less importance I wrote down more than 
forty-four years ago, when I knew aothhm oka of our ancestors and family 
histor. ' what was told by family tneliliuiis. I have aWCS bUM 

.mrhijiT i<- records t ■ * verify all these particulars, substantially, except those 
which rel its. to John Baldwin, of Norwich, and to a second wife of Deacon 
Theophilos. V I have some faith in the recollectiona of what 

.n:i laid o roan 1 1 1 ._• John Baldwin- ■ 

nington and Norwich. My an afryaod mo th* r, who know much of the Hoi> 
wicfa Baldwi - ago, and made than one <.f 

!. i rOgnlai topics, always ipokO Of those two Johns as cousin*- My aunt, 

also, used tha word '• cousin" in stating her reooUoetions ; but this in 

:-. .1 liy Deacon Theophilns ill making the record, did 

sol neoe**:irily moan i father't bvothi - wo. It may have i n 

cousin, or even B0CM other lorm of recognized and not very distant bid «i-rola- 

Uip. 

According to this record, as remembered, John Baldwin, of Norwich, 

remaiiK'd in the family oi SylTester Baldwin's widow, until bo mi married. 

A record at N. i | iv here she continued i" reaffk until after her mnr- 

i ",-tui.i.li show* that he or some other adopted child 

f:imily. in I Mil". In a list of the \> v. - 1 1 iv.-u •• pi uu- 

i :i|ipear» as "the Widow Baldwin" with a I 

consisting offa* penane. The order requiring returns for Ihil bat sj.ecified 

thai '"every planter ihoul the UMBOa of the heads or persons in his 

family, wherein fn's u Oltfa should be tW ! 

with a U of his estate." Therefore, the Widow Baldwin's family 

included herself und four children. But. al A A time, ihfl had with her only 

r "'.vn ohOdren, the other three having mnrrie<l and left her; 

Sarah in 1688, Mary hi I 6 1' >, and Bic-liard in lCll'. In 1 6 IS, her family, 

reckoned as the order raqulrad, would have numbered only four persons, 

if it had not included some child, not her own, whioh WB1 treated 

and counted as a child of the family. Who was this additional child!' 

Remembering that old Bible and ii . • record, and remembering, alio, the 

statement in a letter of the Hon. Bhseon Baldwin, that, according to the 

traditions of the Norwich family to wmoh ha belonged, "John, thi 

of the Norwich fiuxrily, came la 1 1 1 i .s country witli a reepeetabu connection 

of the JauiiU. when ■ i >■• ■> ." 1 believe, without retj serious ! i •- ■ .- j t : i : too, that 

it was Johu Baldwin, of Norwich, then, probubly, about eleven years old. 









1873.] John Baldwin, of Stmington, and other John Baldwins. lol 

The record cannot DOW be produced : but I am not awnre of either a tradi- 
tion or a circumstance of any sort which can sugge at explana 
Thai there was very intimate and constant tween tit*- first 
rmtioiu of tli« v Norwioh and B ■ i-.vins, was well 

i in 90S family r !ir. .n -^h traditions wlii«-li 11,11 -t have bad good warrant. 

A- du idiiiaooe betwean them was only nine »r i.u miles, thu intercourse 
was easy. It was one of those matters associated with the first part of my 
ma^graodmotber'i life, of which Bhe was aocu tomi I to I ilk j rod, accord- 
ing to her aft-repeat. d si it.-ment, bar hatband*! sister, PrbdDa I 
acqnainted I dkine, of Norwich] whom die married, during 

Df her visits to die Norwich Baldwins. The finl wife of Thomas 
Baldwin, second son Of John of Norwich, was Sarah, daughter of the first 
Joho Calkins of that town. Some of tin ahQdn n of hi 

and those of Deacon Theophilus, of Stonington, were nearly of the 
same age. 

Othi:u .Tiih.v Bai.i>winh. 

For somo years previous to 1653, there ware five Jol 1 Baldwins in 
Milford. Conn. Tin; primed mistake! of Mr. SftTBgs and others, occasion- 
ed by imp adedga of the records, have created some n< 
fusion in regard to tbeso Johns. 1 will name thuui in the order of their 
ages. 

I. John Baldwin, Senior, who was considerably older than the Others, 
and is supj" ive been the Join 1 ! used Sylvester's 

will "on the main ocean." If so, ho was a passenger with Sylv, 
family, in \ ■ (hip " Martin." Il-- bad two wives. Perhaps his first wife 

came with him from England, i 1 sd su children I'.v bar who wan 

1 Miii'i -nl. four in 1648, one in 1649, and one in 1651, five of 

1I1. in being sons, and his oldest son seems to have been born in 1638 or 
1639. His second wife u:e- .Marv linn 11, of New London. By her lie had 
eight children, three sons and five daughters. I [g i< ft in Milford. in 1681. 

:'. John B.ililwiu, afterwards of Norwich, who, in 1638, married Hannah 
Bit-chard, of Guilt 'u< I; up his residence in that town. I think it 

very probuble that he was bom in England not Inter than 1G32, and that 
he came to America in the family of Sylvester Baldwin, and remained in it 
until he went t*» GhlilfonL In L862, he settled permanently in Norwich. 

3. John, youngest son of Sylvester, born in 1683, probably I married his 
first Wife in UjoO, buried her in 1637, and removed to N«W London in 1664. 

in 1 656, ha was described as ** John Baldwin, .tumor," in the reoord of a 

fraut to him of a house Jot; and he continued to be the John, Jul 
[ilfbrd, until 1663, when the last reoord of his oame with Una designation 
appears, also in connection with a grant of land. Hon. Bhnaon Baldwin, 
in ihe iciter to which 1 have r< (erred, thinks the mention, in 1649, of the 

elder John as " senior." implies thai another of Ihe 0800 than living there 

.!- ••Junior.*' It' this BUppOBltioa is eorreet, 1 1 
John, Junior, of 1646, may have been Join. i. h. 

-1. John Baldwin, oldest child of John, Benior. Ed 1668, ha married 
Hannah, daughter of Obadiafa Brnan, ud niece of his step-mother. In 
1C67, he. settled in Newark) N. J., where he waa known as John Baldwin, 
I bare ootsaen ■ reoord of his birth i hut, as he was oldi 

the four ohUdran of hhl hither, baptized in If, IS, and older than Is'.-ith 

son John, 1 snppOH he was born previous to the year 1040, either at 

Milford or New-Haven. 



152 Juhn Baldwin, of Stonington, and other John Baldwins. [April, 



5. John Baldwin, oldest child of Nathaniel. In 16G3, he married Han- 
nah Osborne. In 1667, he settled fa Newark, where he was known as 
John Baldwin, Junior. He wan hero previous to the year IM4, for, in 
that year, he, and his brother Daabl who was the next younger child, were 
<-<l at Milford. Prol>ahly ho was born in Milford not earlier than 
1640. I have an unverified report of a record which states that 1640 was 
the year oi btl Huh. 

This account nf tho John Baldwins of Milford ia the result of a very 
careful stu<ly of the records, aided bj correspondence with that intelligent 
genealogist, Samuel H. Congar, Esq., librarian of tlio New-Jer- 
cal .Society. Mr. Swan, Hiss Calkins, and others, have stated that John 
Baldwin. Senior, left Milfud Uld lettfad in Newark; but this is a mi-take. 
ut. of Milford, from the beginnine; of the settle- 
ment to tin: end of his life; and the probate records show that he died there. 

The same writers have given currency to another inaccurate -t.it- merit, 
namely, that Mary (or Marie) Bruen, who, in L0SS, lieeame his second 
wife, was a daughter nf Obndiah Bnien, of New London, and tin. . 
of hi* sun John's wife, Hannah. It is manifest that tiny did DOl examine 
the Milford reeords fin- tlieinsel\«\s -. i nii, ,, record so many words, 

that the second wife of John Baldwin, Senior, of that tOWDjirei "Marie 
Bre wen, daughter of .Tod n BrtK n. of Poooot" ThU. of course, does not 
mean that John Braes, father of Obodiu and Marie, was ** of Pequot " 

(or New London), for he did not r I i, and was not living in 

It means that Mai nf l'e<|iiot," where she was living in the 

family of her brother. 

.I.ilm Bruen wa* • if Bruen St.'iplefonl, I . Eng.; he died in 1625. 

The English records InOH thai he had three ariTes; that Ids first child waa 
born in [flS5; LhstObadiao, bom iii D-Teiuin-r, 1606, waa a sou of his 
i wife, prohabll In r ohle»t Ohild; ami that Marie iv;h the only living 
child of hia third Wife, Sim was horn when he was about 60 years old, 
and must have hem over thirty years old at the time of her- marriage. 
Tin re is | iKitieo of John Brn< n .ind his family, in "Orninnr* Cheshire," 
Which can bfl bond in the Astor Library, New-York, and probably insome 
other American lihrarioi. 

Mr. Savage goes so far and so wildly astray aa to make John Baldwin. 
Senior, of .Milford, a son of Sylvester. 1 know thai theinoM careful 
tigatiun cannot bo sure of perfect accuracy; but, such mi-i 1. - a LhoM 
should not oeeur. Mr. Cougar encountered them, in preparing hi 
nlogical Notice* of the First Settlers of Newark;" but he bund 
80 readily I EpOSSd bj the records, that it was not easy to understand how 
they could be possible iu any serious investigation. In his view, the reCOrdl 
ni.u-.e Dotting more certain than, that the Milford Johu Baldwin, .Senior, 
never removed from that town, and that his second wife was, nut a 
daughter, but a sister of Obtidiah Bruen. On the latter point, he says in a 
letter to me: "The record in the old town hook of Milford (which I have 
seen again aud again), says that John Baldwin. Senior, married 'Marie 
Bruen, daughter of John Bruen, of Pecptot.'" This record Can be found 
so easily in that old town book, that 1 do not see how it can t --< ipG the 
attention of any hotly who examines the book with a view to the Baldwin 
goueu! . 









1873.] 



KxjKtlition to Cape BttVm. 



1/53 



EXPEDITION TO CAPK BRETON. 
Journal of mi Ret. Adoxijah Rh>well, Chaplain or the Fleet. 

Tranicribcd from the orlitinxl unci communicated by Mr. E. M. Biuwiai., 
of PrevtdoDoe, K. I. 
1745. 

April 11. Sunday about eleven of ye clock, the Connecticut Fleet 
tins of Seven trim lor the COn.VOJ of Connecticut & Rhode 

bland Colony &Ioop8 sailed from New London. 
1">. Ac eleven anchored at Holmes bole. 

10. Ruin & Ivisterly Winds. 

17, About five in yo morning we boised sett. About one P.M we 
red ;it Nuntue.ket ten leagues from Holm's beta 

18, About Sun rising weighed anchor but ye wind heading us we 
retnni'd &. anchored nt ye Bffie puss ■ mio about too. 

19, About twelve the wind being nor we boised Bail again, past ye 
.1...I ;< little before night. 

L' 1 '. Pleasant weather with n fair wind. 

11. Pleasant weather still with west irindl crossing y* hay <>f Funda on 
hoar) y' ■ -li»i»|i C ' li.ir ii litiLf Mi illy, it. heing Sunday I preached from Like 
2. 1<>. Alicnr bill 'in hour after i WB spy'd the land of Cape Sable*, 
wluYh is 7.*> leagues from Cape (.VI, at night pretty high wind at NW. The 

Fleet toatten 

In the morning buf 2 Sail in sight, at sua seting near Cape Lsmbco 
wfaieb is — leagues from Cape Sables. 

At eight we uiehon I el j harbour of Feb Ray about 10 or 12 

fa en onthwest t'nitn ( Viiim. 

21. Bet m3 from Fair Ray about Sun Ri-ing. arrived at I • about 

a. ;ili v' ii-.t nt C.nneericut tlei day. suv- Rhode Idand 

t'.ih.ny sloop, which wai obaa'd j* daj before by 80 na Frencfa Ship »t 

was supposed to be taken. At Can so lay y* Boston Fleet when WS ariv'd 

This QaWO lies about 80 Leagues from Capo Sables, & 20 from 

I'iIi lull. 

'>.'>. ArivM ye Rhode. Hand Colony sloop about 1 of y* clock tir'd . r > 
mas. 

Mi About 11 Cent 1 Rouse A: Capt." Fones sailed on a Cruize in Quest 
of y r French ship tint abased Capt* Ft 

87. [Rhmk.] 

86. A.M. Preached oo board from I Tun. I, i:». 

I'.M. On Rut. .1 heard Mr N from I Kings 80. 11. Doot 

Tin very UQbeOOming any v.li. ii preparing for a battle r.. behave. 
an tbo they bad COttUi 

2'.). \imiii ;■ <u ii in ilu- morning th & anchor at Cai 

eafled for Cape Breton, the Beet consists of abool or near an hundred sail, 
in.-lniling Conirnuiliire V> umi.'s Sliips a \V England Naval Forces, which 
/iny oil" C B I ton. WtXt* D has a sixty, a fifty iV tWO 

forty Qon stops. 

80. \i Ban rising Loaisbnrs vu alarmed, and bVd about or 7 Gnu 
from their Forts. About 10 we anchored in I at Ray, armor Lot 6 

mill- ii mi (lti> town. Tin.- I i unpany of then to 

Vol. XXVII. 11* 



154 



Expedition to Cape Breton. 



[April, 



to prevent our landing, but wo fired upon them from Several Sloops & 
began to land OUT HMD about 12 a'clock nnder the Canons and tbeo Che 
French retreated, hut y* E pursued ami booted then ub flogs hunt. 

in y* woods. Tiny killed some French that day in 
wounded Otben whom tiny took prisoners & several more prisoners they 
took not wounded. 

[Blank.] 

At the same time Commodore Warren with hii men of war engaged and 
battered one of their forts. 

[Blank.] 

Alao y* same day a small town, & all y" houses without y* walls of y r city 
were burnt to ashes. 

May 1. Tho English encamped erected a standard & hoisted two 
!i Flags weal from y* town of Louisburg. At Bight the French 

itop'd up the touch holes of the cannons of y" grand better* with hardened 
steel A deeerted iho Fort. An BogHshotan viz Thos Leeds < 4 I 

with 18 Indians entered y* Fort & took possession of it & took two women 
& a child. 

2. The English hoisted y" English Colours in ye grand Fort & began 
to drill y* steel out of y" Cannons. The French hegau to sling the I 
into y* Royal Battery. This day General WohoU tended) * <• irenl out* 
spoke with Commodore Warren, returned at night, ft anchored again in y* 
bay. Y" French an hod in order to retake y" ttery, 

but were repulsed by the English who killed several of rcL 

8. About 10 we came to Sail for a Cruize, lay off in sight of Louisburg 
where we saw y* Town fire at y* Grand Fort & y* Grand Fort at y* Town 
for several hours together. 

•1. We lay this day also off from j* Town & saw but little firing till 8 
in y* afternoon, then they tired from the Grnud Battery bt I or 70 

bhots by Sun netting, but mi lirin;: from thu Town (ill :il"iii .">, then y* 
English Artillery began to play OS J* Ibwn H ith their Bombs it Cannona, 
& so yo Town fired utkju them. About G we W Bed bj the 

Commodore on a Cruize with a Man of war, Capt" Ting, ('apt" Tomson, 
Cap L" Smithers, & a schooner & sailed round ('. <n on thu East 

End. 

5. This day came into a hay in \' hotd df which was very high laml & 
covered with snow, at night we laid to in y' Bay. 

6. In y* morning we anchored at y* south end of this large hay, at y* 
mouth of a hay y" runs southward &. y* schooners went into \' Bay, lis 
call'd St Anns Bay. In y" gfiernOOO we sailed several miles up the bay t •: »■ 
a narrow Strait there were several houses on the east side fc a meadow 0D 
the west & a large hay beyond toward the southwest. We anchored nud 
several men went on shore. 

7. This day y' men ransacked y* town & woods, burnt y' town of about 
20 houses & aliout y* Rnme number of shallops, took 12 or 15 F< 
Bade, 3 or 4 cases with bottles, Cheata oWi CtothB. Iron Tots. Brass 
Kittles, Candlesticks, Frying Pans, Pewter Plates & Spoons <tc took one 
Prisoner. 

8. About 4 weighed anchor, the Prince of Orange & the Defence stood 
towards tho North. About 1 took n shallop with one man, a woman 
child, and carried them on board the Prince of Orange. Snow, turned y* 
shallop adrift. 




1873.] 



E.qvJit'ton to Cajtc Breton. 



155 



9. Two boyes went ou shore up AganiEh Bay & hurnt a Town of alwut 
80 bouses whicli stood up thut bey, ahont DOOfl Mear'd for Loui.-i 

1C. Tim- da\ tin? winds were high, towards oighl I 010 VM so 

boisterous we brought too & Iuv till Sundav. Wis were eastward of Capo 
Br. 

11. CoM with snow & rain. 

12. It cleared up & wo made Sail again. 

18. Aboui Smirking net villi Capi" Fones. Arrived at Cnpe-roos 
Bay about 1 1 where we heard that St, Peters was taken hj the Knglish & 
burnt, tie- men taken prisoners & earned to Can.so : also y 1 17 English men 
kil' 1 0J ,V Indians on Cape Breton at y* taking of a small town &, one man 
was kill'-l bj y* taking of St Peters. 

I\.M A Frencli Snow got into the harltour of Louisburg. 

11. A eold easterly storm with rain, Snow A Hail. 

15. About 8 a.m wo wi ighed anchor ami sailed out against y* town of 
Louisburg & lay of & on nil day & saw firing both from y* Town & 
Batlorie- at one another all day by turns. 

16. This day the Knglish hoisc.d an English Flag at y* light house tc 
began to erect a Fascine Bottarj lime & also tiny in erecting a betftOTJ at 
y* northwest part of y' town N near \' the English killed a man v 1 stood 
on y" wall with | small arm. Y* Knglish it fraud] lired at each other all 
day. Y* E ed two Bombt at nijli' at -.' imtn. 

17. Capt" Dot to u> «fc int'oi nicil us that -I b 
killed. 1 or 2 by y* buj ' 000000, lait 

well in y* Camp, also in y* afternoon they spy'd » « 

which they pursued, killed some ** they inppOMd, took one y* v.. 

by 2 shot. The English had one Indian wounded y' die«l piveiiU} 

Of this we were infonnn] l>y MUM tlf C'ol (ioi-ham'* men y 1 came to HI by 

night in a boat. 

18. Thin day we spied a brig eastward of Louisburg in y" morning 
which Oftpt* l-'i.ncs pursued mid took in Scatere bay. She was from 
1 i.im-e JL had eight men on lioanl. 

Sunday. AIk.miI. two the MrMii.iid, Man of war, engaged a French tdiip 
man of war of si.viv I guns. Commodore Wnti.-n being in right gam 
chase &■ took y* French Ship ahoul '.>. She had iipwmds "I" •■'"' DM0 "i" 
board, I'M were killed, alum! so many wounded. The English lost I men. 

20. In y* morning came to an asobw b y* Cap*-- ie we 
were told tbtt 18 men in D( OO shoit. to wood & water 7 iveie kQlei 
M,.iu icalped y' Here killed, '■'• un-n taken, 8 returned, 1 well. 2 WOU 
This was done y' Satin din In R 

21. Capl". Kinseleigh informed us two English men were killed on 
Sunday hist 1 >_v too barrels of powder taking liie by a'-cideiiee. We heard 
y* English were building a. Fucine batten north of v* City ifl fair shot of 
y* Cit tag to hmu 6 of y* 48 [sunders there at night- 2 men found 

'lead. 

22. Wt hear by a whole boat y' y* English yesterday took 10 or 12 
French, one a Doctor y' had dig d up y" Corps of* some English and bad 

d them — also ADO men man bed and bmd a freueh fort deserted. A 
60 gun ship Man of War joined tin ilcct. 

28, 1 1 ■ ml oue man had dy'd of Bfafami viz Dodge. 

84 l.'-t ni.uht. they gathered to attack the Island Haltery, but did not 
doit. The Hector MOD of IfOI join<d y~ FI-. el a ship of 10 Ciuus. At 
Night we anchored in Carteroos Bay. 




156 



Expedition to Cape Breton. 



[April, 



25. Lay in the bajr. 

Suiniiiy. In the morning tailed oat against Louisbarg. M 

came on board & in formal us y 1 nfaj " Friday d* wis 

buried on *aturday la»U Tin; ■ Commodore. 

87. CT. 

2H. Foggy till "four <fc then cleared off & we made for laud. A little 
before sunset land appeared. 

2U. We lay off Louisburg harhor- 

80. Vary toggy- 

81. [We hear that 150 EngBah men were killed & drowned in lb 

y* Island Battery last Monday .Night- A Forty Guu dup D 
joiin 

J ui if I. Foggy wet weather. 

2. In y* morning wo anchored of y* Camp. Capt* came ban froffl 

Bo!itnii. Lord Ifoaiegaa ia y" Mermaid Man of War took a French 

llrigandiue from Nante in France bound to Lewieburg. 

day, 1. We hear y' a sloop from Canada loadeu with provision for 

bars mu lakes by Capt" Griffith yesterday east of the light bouse 

Also Mr KohiiiMin belonging to the Commodore came 00 board us v^ told 
y' a FrigSJ with lit' more French was taken JIIHlntlltlT at uighl at Of Dear 

Boatare. Todaj •- 'm»t '" Edwards in f P r u i o a sj Mary n tup of 

about 200 inn. tma an English ship mm Carolina taken by Le Vigilant y* 
p which y* Mermaid took 19" of May. 
6. We weighed anchor A treat nut eastward of y* Light house. 

6. W e i • M with ("apt* Faroe] in a prh >' lay 
at aa anchor east from y" Light house y' informed us y' a French Ship v. ith 
200 men on hoard was taken yesterday by some of our Fleet da also J I 

l War last l'ii' il iv BlgM dosortod y* City Lewisburg & 
came tO our Gnu ral den • ' l'» or 50 men had been killed & about 

10 many wounded in y (iiv since y* siege & y 1 was threu thousand vt six 
hundred men wot i in the . 1 1 \ it y' they had hr ugh but 

no meat. Also y' 1160 English were taken in forming y* Island Battery. 

7. We ranied the French Capt" of Le Vigilant with f. iiion; on board 
Capt" Gatnn who was designed for Boston. 

H. Anchored in Cupcroos Lay. 

9. We bear dial (.'apt" Chapman has lost a man with sickness named 
Kellogg. Two Lartcen deBBrtcd iV enmo to our English Army. Yesterday 
a Flag of truce went ml of Lcwisburg. 

10. V, mi, lay ■ fifty gun ship man of war joined y* Fleet who informed 
y 1 -I days before thej patted with i Sixty gun ships y 1 wei: 111 i< vv. 

A took a French Privateer of 21) guns. — Today Capt* I 
wirh !. Pleat ft 700 prisoners sailed for Boston A.M. One Englishman 
killed at y* Light House I' M llegan bo fin at y* Light House Lai 

Anchored mar L it. n mtli Capt- Fletcher, went on shore & 
plundered. Killed "in- l'ii lull man accidentally. 

13. v.-i.-nl;,\ y ( uttsd bury, ;,' Sunderland. A. y*'Lark join. 1 

To day all it of I 1 ' roos Bay. 

J 4. I .1 11 1 Gross with al 1 "11 mrii -11 mi board y* Snperbe. 

16. A French Flag of 1 not ohm on* to Gen 1 Peppereh.y* Commodore 
bein g with y* General al 3 sama tune 

Sunday, 1C. A Flag of Truce comes on board y* Commodore. 

1 Tula entry Is crossed ont In the original manaicrlpW 



1873.] 



Erudition to Cape Breton. 



157 



17. The Island Battery surrendered early in y* morning. The Commo- 
dore goes on shore there. The guns were fired once or twice round on y* 
Island I'm rr.-i v. P.M. Tin- Whole 1 d fato Lcwishur« li.irl.or. The 
Light House & other Facinc Batteries & y* ft rani 1 I*: uto y* 
Commodore as he sailed in. The Commodore when anchored fired 17 
Guns — 

— The French Flags in y» City are struck and y* French march out 
•bout 4 of y* clock & then >" Rnglish arm in, Drums beating, 

Colours flying, & y* marines too at y* same tint la&d 

18. We took a ship off Li-wUhurg harbour, si,, ln:| 29 men & 12 
guns from Bounlouex bouml fin- ( auada coming into Lewishurg for a Pilot. 

26. A skooner arrives ln:tr from AsMPOlifl <v (.'apt" Uouse comes into 
y" harbour. 

28. "We sailed from Lewisburg. 

29. Spoke with Capt" Beck with about 8 off St Esprit who informed us 
• * « 'apt". 1..IMS & C:i|.t n . Doiichn «fc ha had met with about 1200 French & 
Indians as they supposed who were designed for Lewishurg. 

Sunday. 30. About two anchored at Cause. 

July 1. About 7AM sailed from Cnnsu. 

8. About 11 Aii'.-lii u'j'i hi Lewishurg Imrbour just afterwards came in a 
Sloop, then a skooucr from Boston. P.M. came in Capt" Tonipson, he fired 
7 guns passing y" Fort, y* Commodore returned 3, then came in a Man of 
War with 20 Guns, ba Bred 19 mat passing y* Island Battery y* Commo- 
dore return* 1 9 guus. The Lark also sail'd for .Newfoundland this day 
about 3 l'.M & y* Launceston fur Frnuee with transports. 

4. Robbins, Ceil & Mumford sail for France with Transports. 

5. This day came iu a skooner from Boston with Soldiers, who left 
Boston 1 1 days before. The Elthaiu & another ship sail for Boston, we 
with two Otli«r sloops for Canso. Capt" Sanders also for Boston. 

G. Arrived at Causo. 

Sunday, 7. This day came Capt" Fonea & Donihu's sloop from y* gut 
of GUM withy* sad news v' DoaDn & 11 morn rm:u wore killed by y* 
Indians 8 days before. P.M. I preached on shore iu y" fort at Causo from 
Luke 2. 10. 

8. Died on lionrd defence James Camil & bnried on Canso Island y* 
day following. P.M. came James Jordon in a skooner from Rhode Island. 

11. Sailed to St Peters. 

18, Spoke with Cape' Haminon lKitind to Louisb. 

15 (Monday). Anchored at Canaan. 

16. Camo here Capt" Daniel from Lewishurg this day in a sloop with 

Colonel Baum, Colonel Major Pommy, with Other passengers 

hound homo from y* expedition & some French wore on board likewise. 
At night another sloop bound borne camo here & both sailed early next 
morning. 

17. Some sail pass by from West to Fast. 

18. Two Sail from y" West pass by. Upwards of 30 men l>elonging to 
y* defence are sick. About 11 at night Samuel Shirley died &. was buiied 
y* next day A.M. 

20. About sunrising we weighed anchor, a little before WMMOtling TH 
anchored in -LouLsburg harbour. Capt" Fitch A; Chapman ariv'd here y* 
i:" 1 . dav. 

21. A.M. Heard y' Rev Mr Williams preach ton .L-U 20, 31 Docf. 
The groat intention of y* Gospel is to bring men to believe iu X & so to 



153 



EjrjteJilion to Cape Bi 






Indian prize fired 



Salvation. P.M. Beard y* Commodores chaplain from Ps 116. 12. A. 51. 
Our Don & is muted P.M. 

23. A Ship befog seen off from y* harbour y* Princea Mary, y' Can- 
terbury. .', y 1>. • DM nil Ottl early in y* moraine after her. Y° Princess 
Man b< ing ahead n 1 1 ] * A.M. fired at y* Ship & mad< 

hlM iiiinui - withoiri recelvwn one shot. Twas a Frendi Ship of 1<»> 
tun from I 1 - : 1 months <fc f:om I LB month-. Tiny knew 

not y* it was War. Slit* had 60 men on board & 8* to be worth Two 
honored thooaand pounds starling mounting 30 or 36 guns. 

21. Wego Into y* li.'irlx.iu bug. The iXatt It 

15 gun-, )■ Sural' rland r.iiirn'd 15. 

25. The prize fired 15 or 16 guns. The Town fired iu salut. 
Capt'n Burton arrived here from R. Island iu a skooner. A French bhip 
with Passengers sailed for France. 

27. SailM from ljouishurg. 

Sunday, 28. About, noon nnrhor'd at QuNO where 3 of our met) had 
died sinrc plai ■<• y ' l.'i.-t time. Viz >am' Carter & Jun" Gibbot 8 

Day i^ I)anii 1 Pnnley who di« d 2-1"'. day. 

29. About 0009 Thiiin.i* Stanton died and ami buried y* same day on 
burying Island. 

August 1. A.M. David Kuntlv died on Canso Island A was bur'd r,n 
burying Island. ' I nil'd IVoui CattM for N. London with 43 

si<k moo In longing to y doop 

2. Ahonl SonOOWfl Ottoman in .tally shot another named 

PoUard thro 1 his body, with irhidi ha i 10. 

8. Thumli r & Lightning. 

Sunday, 5. About B la j mormag m tadlnd t 

G. P.M. Anchored la Looiaborg barb mod y 1 

about 4 da;, Booth seaman & an Bttt Indian Sliii 

taken & brought into Louisburg. 

10. Capt" Aaron Bull in a Sloop ariv'd. 

Sunday, 11. AM, I heard M from Luke 8. 18— P.M. Mr Ell 

William* from Deaf 82. 29. Doct — 10 earnestly desires TA a 
truest wisdom is to consider A improve y" advantages of y* p ro se n l life in 
order to a better. 1 what is meant by later and dl 1 1 -n-ul.-r to what ate y* 
advantages of y* present in order to another in generaL 1 y* time dd lift. 
2 all y* dispells of div— prov — & y* means. 1 y' what we are to — 4 

prove y" punt 

12. 15, 11. 15, 16. About Sunsetting came in y* Superb with Governor 
Sherley. 

17. "A.M. The Governor goes on shore. Hector fires 17 Guns > < 
terbory 17 Guns. The it v 

18. Sunday. A.M Dy'd Baalbrd Avery. P.M, Dyed William Bramble. 

19. About 12 of the clock dyed Lieut Jonah GrOM in Louisburg. 

20. P.M. Lieut Gross was buried lired 14 Guns as he was carried to 
grave. 

21. About d at night y* Grand Battery fired 19 Guns in salutation of 

Qoverneor Sherley. About 8, l!' Buma, 

2'2. About 1 in ye morning dyed Amos Palmer, about 4 P.M (3ot*. 
Shi rl.y wiiit to y 1 bland Battery, 19 guns were fired upon bis entering y* 
\[ 'nd!'] 17 when he went oil*. 

23. About 1 in y* morning died Will Smith. P.M The Sunderland 
fired 15 guns. 



1873.] 



Expedition lo Cape Breton. 



159 



24. Al«>ut rundown died Lieut Timothy Hoot in Louisburg. 

'_'•"». A.M. Heard a Sermon from these words, A Froward 

heart in au abomination to the Lord. P.M. The Itev 13 Mr Williams from 
Ps 8, 4. 

26. ( ■']•'■' II' i' bet OHM in ft fir'd 1 1 gone, The Canterbury retd 7 more. 

27. The Hector Man of War goes out & fir'd 9 guns. The Canterbury 
ret'd 7 more. 

SO. About suurising died Oliver Clap. 

31. Thin day sailed y* Massachusetts for Boston & Lais in a Sloop for 
CVniiii-ctiiut win Colon Purr & 60 or 70 Connecticut men. 
September 8. i'iehardson brings in a Ship y' he retook. 
4. This day in y* morning died Jesse Kdgecome. 

7. About 2 in y* morning died Archibald ( impbl I 

8. ! I at f Grand Battery AM 1 Tim 1,15. P.U Mntth 10,26. 

9. Capt" Foncs arriv'd from Newfoundland & Cap from Con- 
nect, who Ini brmad us y' 8 out of the sick men belonging toy* I> 
Sloop y' w in from C U '■<» with Capt" Talcott dyed on their passage liome. 

11. About 10 at night Wil cheater died. 

12. A little after Sun up died David WHinuis of Westhcrficld. 

13. I went t-. y* Island Hail.ry — vmv hot for y r season. Tlie 
Governour & Commodore with other Gel aft Ladies go on hoard & 
go to y* Island Battery 1 timet ITS tired. 

15. Smulav. P.M. I heard y r Kev Mr Williams preach from Numbers 
14> 17 Doct. thcro is an infinite sufficiency in y* pardoning grace of God. 
17. [deal Tory died. 

19. I .ip'i Aaron Hull sail'd for Connecticut. 

20. 17 Guns wore fir'd on board a ship. 

22. Sunday. Gapfe" 8aafl>rd n&'d in ■ dap for New York. 

23. Monday. Came in a Brig from New York Cap!" Bingham in a 
<di nip from N. London. 

•j-i. itoy*harb> : BooaeiaAtnow from i'. 

New* y* General Pepperel was Knighted & also Commodore W 
Kni-lii.il ft made Governeur of I 4 Bt e (admiral of tlie Blue. 

I : i | . . i - - 1 1 1 -_: y* Hand ButU-ry ho fired id guns, y* Superbe 18. About 3 
admiral Warren boiled his Hag on board y° superb & then all tlie 
I ft y r Grand Battery. 
L"i. Sunday. W.- Mlled fiw New England. I preached on board from 
Col 3, 4 A: was Mbed With >i<-kiie-* tin- Mfflfl day. 

October 6. W« niiv'.l ::i I;..-; ,i, ! wards inform'd but knew 

nothing of il mynolfj being bereaved of my senses thro the violence of my 

nper- 

8. On Tuesday y" 8 day I mi ■•u-ried to Doc' Bands where I was 

eleven weeks & 4 days toy* 2* of December then I set out from Boston 

for llurtfoid <fc got home to Hartford the eleventh day of January. 



Vr.ssF.i.s in Tiir. Cai*k Bhkto.v Expedition: 
Commodore Warren's Fleet of 14 sail, viz.: 
.Man of War *• Superb. 

L'uineeMon." Kilmarv Com 

Eltaam," Do 

Mermaid," Dugglass u 



Goo*. 


if- n. 


CO 




40 


250 


40 


250 


40 


250 




160 



Expedition to Cape Breton. 



[April, 









Corn, 


Men. 




Ship u Massachusetts," 


Copt". Tyng 


8S 






Snow "Shed 


House 


24 






Brie (Boston Packet), 


Fletcher 


12 






IOW, 


i;. 


M 






Ship, 

A Sliip, 


u Toinsou 


24 






" Snelling 


24 






Boston Galley, 


Similiters 


1! 


100 




Sloop •• Resolution," 


Douihu 


10 






A S1<m>|>, 


Sanders 


10 






A Slu'ij,. 


Bush 


6 






Tin- ( urn . icut Colony Sloop, 


12 


too 




" Khodo Island ■ 


Copt". Fones 


14 


90 


May 19. 


A French Ship "Lc Vigilant," 




G4 


420 




A Man of War, 


Capt". Galen 


1M 


140 


22. 


Man of War " Princess Mary," 


■ Edwards Com 


r . 60 


4(10 


21. 


'• <* " "Hector," 


MWJill " 


40 


250 


.Iimr H). 


Ship "Chester," 


1 i.Ty 


50 




i::. 


■ ■irv." 
-Snn.l.-rhmd," 
"Lark." 


llore 


60 
60 
40 




July 8. 


\ Uaa Of War, 




20 






1 Sloop (Privateer), 


Furnal 


10 






A Sloop, 


Beckwith 


8 





PRIZES TAKEN BY TT1E FLEET (viz.: Com. WARREN'8) AFIKR TFTE 

Arrival of Commodore Warren's Fleet. 

May 2. By Capt D . Snelling a Shin loaden with provisions 
from Brest to Cape Breton. 
10. By Com Warren a Man of War "Lo Vigilant," 
June 2. \ BrjpmflJM from Nantz. 

3. A Sloop. 

4. A Ship. 



Guns. 


Mm. 


11 


27 


Gl 


500 



An East Indian, 

•J Slii].; A Bflpfc -3, one ih&p. 



SO 



60 



Order op Battle in - BRXBBOM LODUBUBQ II.uuiour. 

The Hector to lead & Anchor as far N.W. 
& as near the town as possible. 



Khliam 
Chester 

Princess Murray 
Cauterhury 
Superbe 



Le Vigilant 

Sunderland 

Lauuceston 

Mermaid 

Lark 



1873.] 



T!FF* 



Cut, 



'<7. 



MANASSEH CUTLER, 

T1IK MAX WHO PUKCUA3E1* OHIO. 

An Essay rcsd before the Cincinnati Literary Club. Dec. 21, 1872. by Wji. F. Pooli, Esq. 

On the 1st of Murch, 178G, a meeting of delegates was held at r 1 1 » - 
Bunch of Grapes tavern in Boston, for the organization of the Ohio 
Company, the object of the company being to purchase land of the 
government of the United States, and to make a settlement in the North- 
west Territory, as it was then called, which embraces what is now Ohio, 
Indian. i. I II in oj .-.. Michigan and Wisconsin. Such a company was theu formed, 
the members of which were chiefly officers and soldiers of the revolut; 
war, residing in Massachusetts. A committee conhisting of General Kufus 
Putnam, Dr. Manasseh Cutler, Colonel John Brooks, Major Wimhrop 
Sargent and Captain Thomas Cushing was appointed to draw up a plat) I 
association. The committee reported a plan on the 3d of March, which 
provided that a fund of one million dollars in continental specie certificates 
(in which the officers aud soldiers of the revolutionary army had been paid) 
lw> raised, in shares of one thousand dollars each, together with ten dollars 
in gold or silver on each share, to be paid to the agents of the company. 
The. gold or silver, and one vear'- intent! mi lie certificates, were to lie 
used in defraying the expenses in purchasing the land, and for contingent 

anew -. 

The report was accepted, and the subscription books were opened. 
Before another year baa passed, the subscriptions were deetu< 
for ii urjf to commence operations. 

On the 8th of March, 1787, the shareholders held a meeting at Bracket*! 
tavern, in Boston, ami appolotad directors to make proposals to congress. 
The directors employed Dr. Manasseh Cutler, one of their Dumber, to 
proceed lo \. '.v-Y^il. wlirr. tin •miliuhi il OOBgriai Ml tin:, :'n IBMJUII| 

and pnrahaee the lands of oongreaa, leaving the matters of location and 
price mainly to his judgn 

Dr. Cutler accepted the commission, and, providing himself with letters 
of introduction to tin membera of congress and to the chief citizens of 
New- York and Philadelphia (in which latter citv the convention for the 
formation of the constitution was then in session), he started from his home 
in Ipswich, Mass., June 23, 1787, and arrived in New-York on the 5th of 
.July. The journal which he kept of his daily experience, and of his 
I > 1 1 v i ■ ■ • — i i-.iih i-uiigruas, I have here, and 1 propone this i 
portions of it to you. It has never been printed : and y«-t il will In found 
to In i paper of the highest personal and historical He was 

■oecenftoJ In ptardbaaing land for the Ohio Company, and ifaa next spring, 
under tli is pnrehase, the first English ■ettletnenJ of Ohio, states 

just names], was made at Marietta. He made tin- a.-i|uaintonoe of the most 
eminent men in New- York ami Philadelphia, aud be record* highly 

interacting paraonal tk tails respecting them. 
The oelebreted "Orflnaoot of 1787" was h< 

arrived in .\. rw-Tork. This ordinance was for tin nut of the very 

territory which he proposed to purchase, and which he did purchase. The 
origin and hi-tory of this ordinance has long been a question of historical 
Vol. XXVH7 15 



[aiwsacli Cviler. 



[' 



discussion. Mr. Dane, of Massachusetts, whom Mr. 'Webster regarded 

the author ii nance, was born in the town ot where Dr. 

( 'urli r preached, and resided in B> the same county of Essex, and 

a few mil' Of the ordinance and its assumed autho 

b in ;:n m 

"At the foundation of the eon liese new north-W' 

states lies the celebrated ordinance of 1767. We are accustomed, sir, 

in law-givers of antiquity ; we help to perpetuate the fame of 

Solon but f doubt whether one single law-/ ienf or 

modern, has produced eflects of more distinct, mark d ad lifting character 

nceofl7t)7. That instrument was drawn by Nathan Dane, 

then and now a oitinB of Massachusetts. It was adopted, as I ihink I 

understood, without the slightest alteration; and certainly it has happened 

to few men to be the authors of a political measure of more large and 

tig conseqn. in : . Ii 03 the character of th on in 

the vast regions north-west of tin. I -• 1 • I « - . by excluding from them involuntary 

servitm !■■. Ft. in |>on the soil itself, while it was yet a wilderness, an 

incapacity to sustain any other than freei i nil. ft laid fin- interdict against 

personal servitude iu original compact, not only deeper than all local law, 

IhiI J. < per, also, than all local constitutions. We SCO its COMO quencCS al tlii- 

moment, and shall ii._v>t cease to see them, perhaps whfli -hall 

]t was a great salutary measure of prevention. Sir, l should (oar 

buke of ii" intelligent gentleman of Kentucky . wi re I to a«k wh 

if such an ordinance could have boi o applied bo bis own state while it was 

u wilderness, and 1" fore Ikione bad passed the gap of the ADeghaai< s, ho 

not suppose it would have contributed to the ultimate greatness of 

Chi- i i i, in hi* introduction to tlie statutes of Ohio, says of 

this ordinance : "It contained six articles of com; I lie original 

u i li i ■ I states of the lerrii rtaio great 

lental principles of governmental duty to right n - 

of all future constitutions and legislation, mi and indestructible, 

except by that final and common ruin which has overtaken all (o 
System- o| human polity, and maj UVUT whelm DID American I'nioii. 

nrobabli . in the history of the world did a measure of legislation 
so no '111, and yet so mi \eeed the anticipations of the 

itors. TIji- on'. 'l as having been a pillar 

i'l i loud by day and night) iu the k ttlement and gov< 

the North-western States. When the settler want 
bund the law alroadj then. It was impressed upon the soil it c!i, i*Uh 
it bora up nothing bol the fori 

Concerning the blstori of this ordinance, it only comes within my present 
purpo.se to state that the bill, which hud been reported several months 
. ami bad been ooca oonallj 'ii eased, came down to the 9th of dulv 
In altogether a differed shape, both in form and substance, from the Hfl 
i mi tin 13th of July by the rote of all the states. On the 9th 
of duly it. was referred to a new oosnmtttee consisting ot" Mr. Carrington, 
of Virginia, Mr. Dane, of Ifaasachua M , Richard Benry Lee, of Virginia, 

Mr. Kii f South Carolina, and Mr. Smith, of New-York; a majority 

being south, in l*p to this lime there wen- no articles of 

compact in the bill, no anti-slavery clau-e. nothing about, liberty of 

ienoa n o i is, the right of writ of hi irptts and of trial 

by jury, or the equal distribution of estates. The clause so often recited 



in our local controversies, that "religion, morality ud knowledge being 
necessary to goo< I government ami the bappfaeai of mankind. 
the means of < i hall bo forever encoi ot there. 

In short, tlm hill wliirli linally passed on tlm ISA of di.ly. and lias since 
been regarded as the noblest monument In Anmru in jurisprudence, « 
far as on and matter are concerned, mail' 

1 B 'li of -1 1 1 1 v. It ■* principles were not new, m they had cussed and 

adopted in the constitution of Massachusetts sei PI before. Tlio 

history of those four day* i* mainly tbe history of toe 01 The 

■Bent journals of the congress, which in DOW panted, throw no light upon 
-tory, and the members v.\\ < look perl to ifi G been 

silent, as it was regarded as a breach of confidence to speak or write of 
what occurred in debate or in committees. 

Ii i ridenl that some new light broke in open preaadnrio 

week pre" passage. On tlie 11th of July, the bill in the main, ns 

it now stands in the ordinance, wai n ported bj ibe see i 
still without the anti-slavery clause and some other Important p 

Tin , i luiiscs were put in at its second reading on the I'-'th. u aj 
original drefl wluoli is now b f>xtrtnaf> , and which Mr. Peter Force 

described in the National lulrlliij, tag, 26, IS 17. Mr. Force'* 

paper w:« copied into the Wnttrn l.uw Journal of September, 1848, printed 

ii: tbil <-ily - ( 'ii ill".- 13th the bill took its tbinl read issago 

by Mi-' iin.'iiiiiiioiis vote of everi -to., and "! even member, except Mr. 
, of \«'iv-Vork, — of whom Dane, in a coofidi 

King, then :i member from ifeMaCbusettS ill 

sitting in IMiilailelphia, speaks thus: "All agree to tbe inclosed plan, 
A. v.i'i-. He appeared in tin's case,: M toendei 

' at all.' 1 

joorad oi Dr. Cutler affords us light by which we ceo htbom tbe 
history of tbete lew ■!:»>• -*- This portiou of the journal I shall read 

presenting the Ohio Company, was D01 "hah 

'wtii that territory than any other pel la uieo 

Ibe persons who were to settle the territory, and to them ana 
northern purchasers tbe congress was looking for eoatomert. Tbe ii< 
of ih ■ country were never in so prostrated a condi ion 
Tbe oonotry was flooded witb c of debtg and no n • old be 

borrow ei I on public credit. The sale of public lands was the DM 
Of relief to which the attention of the congre- its I Ii was -imply 

OOmmerdal ]>olicy to enact such laws as should make the laud 
valuable to the purchasers, and also to COOSull Wllfa ibe Ohio Oompcny'a 

agent as to ibe laws be desired in tbe territory. Hi* advice wa* a.iki'd, and 
ho gave it, as we shall see in his journal, lly his purchase, a mill qb 
dollar* of this Booting mdebtednem WSJ immediately cancelled. Tlio 
adoption of Ibe ordlnanes incited other •.-wmpanics to apply for Ohio lands, 
and before Dr. Cutler doted hia negotiations several of these con: 
entreated him to buy laud fur them, as be bad man lib (ho 

congress than they could bring to bear. In addition to the million 
half of acres which he wanted for his own company, be bought three and a 
half millions for other i-ompan 

I. I • in writini on liii- -uhjeet as a strange p I that, four 

days before the passage of the ordinance, tbe committee who had charge of 
the subject up to the 9th of July, a majority of I norther 

should then be changed; that three new members, Carrington and J. 



164 



Mtinaasch Cutler. 



\- 



Virginia, and Kuan, of Sontb Carolina, should be pOD it, making a 

ni.tju;; eOPmdttW southern members; an 1 that M i . C i rrington 

should have been made chairman instead of Mr. Don** The journal of 
Dr. Culler explains Una strange circumstance. The tlie 

QOSQtnittoe mu probably suggested by bitnself iu order i<> 
•OUthere votes, These southern getitlemeu were bis speci He 

brought ! M--I of i-.u induction to them; he was much witli lin-m. and h-e 
tO nio their cuulideiice, as be did of all the southern mt-mbers. 
lie iHirili.ru members he kuew he could have in »nv < . 
Dr. Cutler can | scientific reputation; M >|*s, as no other 

Amerh in. eSOBfri Dr. l-'rauklin, hadat that period. Bewaj then fottj 
years of age. He had received a regular collegiate education, end hail 
studied anil taken degrees in the three learned profession! <>f HUT, DM 
and tin- cdogy. Hut it was as a scientist tliat M mi b ■ •■ Ho wm 

elected ft fellow Of the American \ cade my "I Vrt-s mhI Si ii-in r.s in I. 
Ifl 1781, and of the l'hiln ■ ty iu I * 1 1 i 1 : i< 1 . - 1 1 - 1 1 i . i in 1 781. In the 

oIqbm of tho .\frnwirt of rAr .(//i.t/Viiu .-I. ■uinuij. printed in 1785, are 
| apers of his, on practical astronomy, ou meteorology, and on botany. 
They are: 

1. Observations on tbe transit of Mercury over the Sun, Nov. 12, 1782, 
in Ipc 

2.' Observations on an eclipse of (he Moon, March 29, 1782, and on an 
eclipse of the Bun on tbe 12th of April following to Ipswich. 

3. Meteornl,..M,; l ] obMmtiOM at tptwich iu 1781. 1782 and 1783. 

Vn account of some, of the vegetable productions naturally growing 
in 'In- pari of America, botunioally arranged. 

The last paper fills a hundred quarto pages, and was the first scientific 
:i that ratmadaof able productions of New-England. 

rial it will be seen that gentlemen whom be owl iu New- York 

and Philadelphia (rare constantly alluding to this paper. In 1770, when 

HShzhtvean of Kgi • be received an honorary degree from Harvard 

College for bia scientific Investigations] end in 1791 a degree of doctor of 

laws from Yale College, his ulmn muter. In 17!'o he was appointed by 
WieanlngUm, judge of the supreme court of the Ohio territory, which ho 

declined. The - :i n i- ■ appointment he hud brfore declined, when offered to 
him while making the purchase of the Ohio Company 1 ! land; for ho said be 
"hud no desire L0 10 into Uio civil line." In 18(H), however, he was elected 

■ repmeoiilativo of Massachusetts in the congress of the United S 

eutativo for four years. The most elal>orat<) speech ho 
made during his COS |1 services was Oil (be judiciary, l'.ui In had 

no taste Got civil Ufek BBstosmsnhJa, is its largest, sense, was a favorite 
study; bat politics be abhorred. After the great, dangers which i 
ihr in <v republic had passed, lie longed to get hack to his clerical duties, to 
his Liuuieus, to the quiet study of nature iu his botanical garden, and to the 
use of bib telescope ami philosophical instruments. 

These biographical instances seem to l>e necessary, that persons not 
familiar with his name may understand why such marked attentions were 
shown to him as are described in the journal; and why hi iiould 

bo asked and so cuiiridingly accepted on so important | question M the 
fundamental laws of the north-west, territory. Excepting Dr. Franklin, he 
was l he pool of any man ho met on bis journey; and his worth 
personal influence were everywhere acknowh-. 

In the accomplishments of conversation and social intercourse he is said 



:•] 



lOJMMKN 



um r. 



II 



to have had few superiors. Thin peculiarity, which was then not so 

common • now among northern men, impressed itself \x\ the southern 

memlx mddoobtleas gave southern vote.-, to tin: unlit 

of L767 and i" 'in i Quo Land p 

Beneath r 1 1 i -* inavxty >>!' manner them »m a resolutaneM of puj] 

which [In i could mi! govern or withstand. One 

demands, ni tic i iii-t -i---i -> f h section ol [endehoaM by the 

government and set asid> for the benefit of public schools; end thai ■ 

reservations should bo made for colleges. This boon I btained, and it 

ii:i- -in.-.' been applied to ••'• limilar (and btth for the western states. He 

made his proposition fat ile [•urcliase, ami ! 

■mended form. 

ThcM changes he said he would not accept. II'- pricked iii.« trunk and 
*aid In !'.:'• goin» lion ii the while tO 08 '" ■■"■■ Tbi 

tn^mlxi* fl<K kt<3 to bia room to persuade him bo Btayi assuring bim that 
he could bavo what be wanted it he would remain. Be postpone 

in they ooold voto again. It required the vote of seven state*, 
a ii 1:1 j« -iLt > of Lhs original thirteen, to ram any in. i or sighl 

were ill that wen: usually repreeentecl The nangTcm passed a 
second bill for the sale, in an Improved form, which be would m 
and again ho made ready t'> leave. Hu mads Mi parting wills on 

members, naid he would buy land el.-ewlu re. and regretted that, the •.'ongroBB 

ahowed no disposition to come to terms. With the most complimentary 

assurances he was again (Mil rented to remain till ouo more vole eould be 
taken, and. on the third issue, the congress accepted Dr. Cmh-i'- propo 

!y as h« made it. The details of bis mnna'jeuieiil • 
are fully narrated in his journal; and a more skilful piece of lobbying has 
never been done, even in our day. <i-uei.il St. (..'lair, the | 0? ihe 

congress, he won over by promising to make him governor of the new 
territory. The bargain was ratified, and lie. general made a guod governor 
till he failed ok a general in bis surprise by the Miami Iudi 

I ba« DOt the space here, and hence 1 have not undertaken to give a 
history of tho ordinance, of 17ft". or to develop the evidence in my 
possession that to Dr. Cutler is largely due the er. dit of having pi 
it tho visions which have made it the m instrument 

it is. This I hope to do in some form which will admit of U els 

ary club, in which an hour's reading is the maximum 
limit, of the listener's endurance, in op r field for Itteh a perform- 

ance. It will probably be bond in thai examination that the nan vkh me 

produced concerning its origin will demand a new distribution of luu-ors. 



Thk Oomuu un WaWDsaron, — The satcrprfstag merchants of Boston, who 
Bttodostt the '* Colombia "and the '* rVasbingioD *' to trade with 

; ion, iii the ytar 1797, In tbaooumsuf whish the 
Colombia nver tu discovered, suffered l«rttk> 

fag, as appears by the subjoined extract from a latest from Use. lienry Jschsftn, 
dated Boston, '■ii An a. IT «». 

" I find the ship Columbia has been arrived some days. The C In tbst 

enterprise have sunJt 60 ptr ft of their capital. This is a heavy <l 
tin in bed calculated every uwucr to make r.n inde]>cndent letta 

Fuutw* 8. Dkaxji. 

Vol. XXVII. 15* 



1C6 



Church Records of Westerly, R. J. 



[April, 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PRESB1 I IRIAN CHURCH 
records OP WESTERLY, It I. 

Communicated by Hon. Bkkmmix Par**, I.1..D., of Psrkeriie, Penn." 
Continued from vpl. xxtL paga SM. 

Lonns day Feb" y* lC* 17 
I I ill day the desire* of John Gavit (son to deacon Gavit were pro- 
poanded to come to the Lord's table & under the special watch ot this 
society, with Joseph & Benjamin Park who were propounded somo timo 
ago.* 

Feb'v'19 ft 1752. 

The Rct. M' Joseph Fish preached a sermon to us at y* Rev. M r Parks 
from Luke y c 17"' & 20 & puhlickly propounded to come to y* Lord* table 
Joseph & Benjamin Park & John A William Gavit, sons to lK" 1 
Gavit — but refered the fixing of their standing in the Churrh iv note the 
watch of this Society, to y* Rev. M r Park, baring declared to us before 
that he had not light to determine whether we were a regular Society or not. 

Lotdl daj Uarafa y* 1* 1752. 

Thi H. v. Mr. Park came from Long Island & gave us a Sermon from 
Col. 3—3 & 4. 

Lords 6ay March y" 8'\ 1752. 

The Rev. Mr. Park finished his discourse from Col. 3 — 8 & -I and re- 
in v* Lords table & our ( in in >* Children above mentioned — 

Joseph & Benjamin Park, & John Gavit (William Gavit being i d by 

sickness) and administered the Lords Bopper to us — Deacou William Pen- 
dleton desired to commune with us which was granted. 

After the Sacrament of the Lords Supper was over, the Rev 4 M' Park 
gave us the following answer to our letter of Sep'y* 17 1751 containing an 
earnest call to come & take y' pastoral charge of us. 

C'liiul.'-iowu iu Narragansetl March y* b\ 1752. To the Christian So- 
ciety rogulurly dismissed from y* Church in Westerly, & rccummeuded to 
y' Grace of God & y* Communion of y* Clilis or to bu a distinct Church, 
who associated into a religious assembly meeting at my liuuso — 

Urethreu — Whereas ye have desired me to givo you an answer to y r let- 
ter to dm of 7bw y* 17. 17"'l containing an earnest call to come and tako 
y* pastoral charge of you if I should be dismissed from my charge of the 
Clr in Westerly. These may BgSWt you of my hearty comvrn for y r pros- 
perity under all my parpIaiitMfr Inn my attOBIBBtaBGM are Booh & my en- 
gagements in y" work uf the ministry at Southold upon Long Island that at 
present I cannot comply with y' B6QJDIML Hut if Gixl is pleased to provide 

• It Is said to hsvo been common in the font centnrv for candidates for njem'K*rshlp to 

present written confessions. The thing hers remarkable Is that ;ther wi d. Tim 

Isivliuthtca Sacra, xxv. 202, quotes fr«.iii« LerhfrndV rtuin Dealing, dOSClibtDg tLe U6uge of 

i i-tit ary . At tin- i of mambani '* tbe Elder tumetli liU vpeecn to the 

firty to I* - admitted, and requfa lb dim, or miaetlmei sakMh bin, if h< i» willing to make 
to tho congregation the work of grace upon > » * -* tool: sad blddctb nlm, u briefly aud 

audit.ly, to M good hearing a« lie CaD.MdOtM Mine. wlUHB| IB I it be a 

man, spr*koth himself; but If II be a woman, her confession made before the Kldew in 
private 11 moit nvnally (In U or ton d by tin: pastor who regt^lercd the same. 

Tiiuii the elder rcquireib the pony to moke |.r»u<«*ioa of hi* fuitli, which is sUo 

done either by questions and an«wera, if the party bo weak, or cl»e in a BOtenw speech 
according to the turn and tenor of tho CbrUtiau faith laid down in the Scriptures." 



1873.] 



Church litvorda of Westerly, R. I. 



167 



another laborer in that part of His harrcst & set me at liberty, T shall 
willingly comply. iV. in v' meautaBH am ready to afford y' all resistance in 
jnv i'inM-i. «fc adviso y* to ask the assistance of all neighbouring n 
ministers, & do recommend you to God & to y' word of His Grace which 
is able to build y° up & give you an inheritance among them that are sanc- 
lihYd. Amen. JoSF.ru Pal 

Lords day March y* 22*. — The Rcy d Mr. Park being returned from 
lioston, at the desire of Deacon Pendleton preached at v' Meeting 1 
from Jeremiah yo 8 — 2, ami admitted lo lull communion Wflllna Gnit 
upon his public assent to the following declaration which hath been jointly 
offered with Joseph A Benjamin Park & John (Javit. Jemima York, Kuth 
Sugar & Anna York were propounded for full Communion. 

CftAKLESTOWx, December 10th. 1751. 

We tho subscribers do earnestly desire admission to the Lord's Table 
and to come under the special watch of the society of God's people in this 
place which have lately been dismissed from the church of Christ ia 
Westerly. 

We believe there is one God in three persons. Father, Son. and Holy 
Ghost, into whose sacred name we have been baptized, which solemn cove- 
nant obligation we do heartily own. We believe the Scriptures to be thu 
Word of God, and we find by experience that God's Word is trn« and that 
we are, an that testifies of us, sinful ami miserable by nature and pn 
Psalm 51 — 5, Psalm 58 — .'5, but blessed be God who has found out a way 
to save such poor lost and undone sinners as we find ourselves to be, by 
tending hia Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to tako our nature upon him, and in 
it to fullil and answer the demands of his law which man had broke and to 
givo Ids life a ransom for us, Horn. 5— 8, and that whosoever believeth on 
him shall not perish but have everlasting life. We believe, Lord, help our 
unbelief. 

We think it our duty (finding it to bo the command of Christ, Luke 22 ; 
17 & 1 Cor. II ; 2.'», 26) and dare not any longer neglect to confess Christ 
before men. We therefore offer ourselve- | ■ . tin communion of this society 
of God's people, whose confession of faith and church covenant we con- 
sent unto, begging to be accepted of and watched over by them. In treating 
tho prayers of God's ministers and people for us that God would grant us 
grace to adOH) our profession by a wise & well ordered life and conversa- 
tion, and not by a careless and wicked life bring a reproach upon bis holy 
religion and grieve the hearts of the godly ami the wicked, but that 

he would conduct us faultless to his heavenly king-lorn. Amen. 

Joseph Park, Jun'. Jenx Gavit, 
BSKTAHXH Park, Wii.i i.vm Gavit. 

Joseph it Bon/ Park in the lGth year of their age. 

John Gavit in his 16th year. 

William 

Put to vote, whether this church or Christian Society BOOS what haa 
been affined by" these persons, '■an heartily accept <>t" them is members in 

full communion in Christ*! church & reoeiro them to your special watch. 

Voted in tin- alhrmu 

T do then in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, the alone head of tho 
Church, declare you and each of you to be OMmbeil in full 
with the Church of Christ, &, to have a full right to all risible privi 
leges therein, & commend you to the special watch & fellowship of tho 



LSI 



Cfivrch Records of Westerly, R. 1. 



[A| 



brethren in this place regularly dismissed from the Church of Cb; 
Westerly &. recommended to the grace of God & coouuunion of tb« 
churches of Christ, or to have be a di»! • have the) 

special ordinances of tbe gasp -tercd to them. Amen. 

Jos lib Task, JCWjsbT of At Gospel 

Rev. & vert Dear Sis, Marcb y« 22* 1752. 

I do humbly & sincerely I hope bleu God f<>r His goodness St 
mercy to me in bringing DM under y* charge St care of so faithful a watch- 
man as the Lord hath made of you Rev 4 Sir, & for furnishing you with 
such excellent gifts and graces of His Holy Spirit for r' work of y* minis- 
try ; and I thank you heartily Kev 4 Sir for the many Counsels & instruc- 
tions 4 admonitions which you gave me, 8t for the light & comfort which 
God hath made you hwllllllllllUll to convey to me. And now Kev 4 Sir 
for tho care y" take of us in our destitute condition in giving us the liberty 
of your lnni-. . A inviting us then. iV in preadiing the word to us at all 
opportunities & administering the holy ordinances of tbe Gospel to us, & 
more especially for y* encouragement given us in your answer to our letter of 
7 her 17, which contained an earnest call, after all the discouragements & 
pressing difficulties & distresses which y" have suffered in this place. 

Fn>m your unfeigned loving poor servant, 
To y* Rev 4 Joseph Pans "> CuRisTomiER Scoar. 

in Charlestown. ) 

March y" 29 1752. 
Kev 4 & Dear Sir — Being convinced of my antbankfulness to Gv< I 
at J* lime when V* received your answer to MT letter of Tlivr 17 whk 
contained an earnest call, 1 do de-ire humbly to acknowledge my fault to 
y" Sir & 1 desire ever to bless God for making y" such a rich blessing in 

Rt of His ZlotV And I thank for y' good «.v 

answer to us in return to your rail A 1 de-ire ever to bless God & thank 
y" Sir for y' care of & kindness to us a poor & disp'iBed peopJa humldy 
begging God's blessing on all your labours St that bo would keep <k pr 
servo you St still make y" a further blessing in this place. 

From y' most devoted humble 8* rvant, 
To Rev 4 J'fKrii Park. JTOSK. 

in Charlestown. By Chkistuiiii i: BlTOAB, Clerk, 

Lord 'a day March ye 29 tt 1752. 

Rev. .Mr. I'i:k preacki i from James 1 — 12. Jemima York, Ruth Etaf 
Anna York, oH'cred ye following declaratiou which they dn 

We, the subscribers, being sensible that it is our duty to join in Com- 
munion with Church of Christ and dan gleet it. We do olfer 
ourselves to tlie communion of the Church of Christ in the special watch 
and fellowship of the Christian society in this place whose confession of 
faith runl ('hnn-h OOTOSanl we eonaont unto. We believe there is one God, 
and the eternal Godhead is distinguished into three pertonj her, tho 

Soil %ai tbe Hoi? Ghost, and thai tbe peat God wot his only Son togivo 

hJ6 life a I for pour lost .'inner*, of whom we are chief. W e bcll*TO, 

Lord, helji our imlielief. And WS know that (,'hii-i n J I lie that is ashamed 

of in I tea, of bin v.iii i be Mbamed before mi heavenly Father, 

irewi 10 ; ■'•■ 5, for it is nol lie blood oflmll: >uld 

take away hiu, wherefore when he cometh into the world he SMtb sacrifice 




Church Records of Westerly, R. 1. 

!<nl offering thou wouldst not, but a body hast thou prepared me. He- 
brews 11; 1, now faith is the substance "l things, hoped fef, the evidence 
of Miings not seen; for ye have need of patienoe that after ye have done 
the will of (Jod ye may receive the promise, for of his fullness have all wo 
received and grace for grace. And begging of (Jod th.it wo may. as the 
Nincvites repent of our sins in sackclotli mil tnhWI m know the God of 
Israel is merciful aud kind and begging that m Uaj fedoiD WW profession 
that we may not grieve the godly nor harden the wicked. AlMB 

Jnmu Yont 
Jemima York in the 14th year of her age. B I 1 1 1 8tX0AB« 

Kuth Sugar in the l."uh y'nr of her ago. Anna York. 

Anna York in the 11th year of her age. 

[The record shows the same formula in taken the vote, and in pronoun- 
cing UMBO ulrnittTTlij as in a former case-] 

Westerly, March y* 16 a 1752. 
Copy of a letter to M m Park the consort of the Rev* Joseph Tark. 

D' M"\ Having had y* comfort of being acquainted with you those 14 
years & y* blessing of being y* most of y* time a member of y' Ghures of 
('In ist with you, lean truly say that you have been the truest & closest 
friend to me, & I believe to all of the Church in y* faithful discharge of y* 
Covenant vows & obligations, and I can say to me in particular, thai y" 
hare been a great means of strengthening my hope & of conveying Qgnt 
to me, whereby I have been enabled to resist the Devil and make him flee, 
«t I can truly say that you have been a Deborah in Israel, that you have, 
stirred up y* Church to purge out a false policy & spirit that was like, a 
canker eating out vital piety out of y* Church. O, often baft* 1 though 

admiration of y r conduct towards or rather of God conducting of you in 

"I>l>" ing that proud wicked & unchristian spirit which wrought mightily ia 
that man to overthrow faith in this Church & to exult himself above that 
il . .lied God or that is worshipped, & have followed it in a steady course 
ever since against others that have been leavened with y* same leaven and 
it has been a matter of admiration to me to see yon sell all that was near 
i dear to you for Christ's sake, & the unfeigned love that truly & plainly 
appeared in you to y* brethren (now since our dismission from y* Church 
of Christ dismissing their pastor), in striving and laboring hard against flesh 
& blood to keep y* gospel in y* faith & order of it in this place or rather to 
have it settled here. D' M™ time would fail me to recount all y* good 
deeds y* have done here, y" I know I thought these several ran past of 
giving in this testimony of you. but Satan hindered mo. I thought it too 
much to he said of a woman. Rut blessed be Qod I ba hath given me light, 
for now I can feel tho imperfectly that passage of Scripture wheru y* wo- 
man poured rich ointment upon our Lord Jesus Christ y' disciple* found 
fault with nob a waste, but ye Lord bid them not to trouble her but said 
trhoiOHllllll this gospel shall be preached throughout y* whole world this 
also that she hath done shall bo spoken of for a memorial of her." 

I)' M™ gratitude demands a great deal more than this, but duty calls 
aloud for it. It being greatly to y* glory of God, for y' work is y* Lord's 

re God is not acknowledged in his work he is robbed of Bit glory. 

D' M" 1 begging an interest in your prayers with unfeigned lovo to you & 
yours I remain your poor affectionate brother & servant, 

CiiuiaToriiEB Si-oak, ClerL 






no 



The Flanders Family. 



[April, 




THE FLANDERS FAMILY. 
Communicated by William I'umcott, M.D., of Concord, N. II. 

1. Stbi-hi 'Kits was, probably, ltd only one of the 

tliatemi^mU'<] to Am. ti< a during its early history. - Ho. will* his wife 
Jane, came to Rnliitinrjr. Tims . txtwrir *nd were 

amon» the first Mttlen of that town. He was admitted a towns- 
man in Fob., L660. Tliis was d$£ on being admit led a 
man, as the latter was conferred by ihc general or quarterly eonrta 
onlv. His will was dated April I iODfl B7, 1684. 
His wife. .lane, died Nov. 19, 1G83. They had :— 

9. i. 5tx¥iikx, b. March 8, 161G; m. Dec. 38, 1670, Abigail Carter, dan. 
Thomas and Mnry, of Salisbury, b. Feb. II, 1653; raided a 

Salisbury, where he died Oct. 6, 1744, net. 1)8 yean 6 month* and 

86 days, 
ii. Mart, h. May 7, 1650; d. Mine month, 
iii. Pmur. b. July 14 1659; m. in 1686 or 7, widow Martha Collins, 

dan. ofjulin HDD Martha Eaton. She m. first, July 9, 1R68. Benja. 

Collins, who d. in 1683. She wae b. Aug. 12, 1648. Philip wo* 

admitted a freeman in IfittO, and raided in Salisbury. There 

appear* no record that they had any iaaue. 
it. StRAB, b. Nov. 5, 1654 ; m. a Newhall. 
V. Naomi, b> Deo. I ■. 1036; m. April -1. IBM, Benja. Eastman (son of 

Roger, one of the th>t Mttlen of Salisbury), as his Moond wife^ 

Ho was b. Frh. 19, 1898, Be m. tin.:, widow Ann Jov, April .'), 

1678; Naomi .1. .ImU I. 1718, in h.-r «8d year. 

3. vi. John. h. Feb. ii. l G.V.i ; in. 1688 or 8, Kliiabetli Sargent, granddan. 

of Wm. and Kliiabeth, of Salisbury. Bhe was doubtless the daa. 

of Thomn* anil Itarhel (Itarnes) Sargent, ami b about 1088 or 9, 

and d. Dee. 34, 1716. Deacon John Flanders settled first in 

Saliabnry, Mass., then in &juth Hninptiin. N II. He wit' 

a freeman in \pril, 1870. Wm in lli<- Ggbl fct Turi.ir"> FulU, May 

19, 1878. Be was respected for his integrity and nprigbti 

for many years was a doeoon of the ehureli in BoutE Hampton, 

where he d. Oct. 25. 1715, ast. 86 years 8 montlis and II days. 

Hi* dfwrrndantoarenumeriii;« 

2. Snram* f fibejrW), h. Mareh 8, 10-16; m. Dec. 28, 1670. Abi 

Carter (aoo anti), and had : — 
i. Thomas, b. Feb. 17, 1671 ; d. April 12, 16?-'. 

4. ii. Stephzx, b. Jan. 31, 1072 ; m. 1706, Sarah Ulaisdell, who d. Jan. 30. 

1732. 

5. iii. Thomas, b, Dec. 3, 1673 : m. March 8, 1711, Catharine llackctt. He 

d. intestate, Oct. 4, 1741, «t. 67 years 10 months. 

6. iv. Daniel, b. March 16, 1075; in. ; Und in Amcsbury. 

7. v. Joseph 98, 1877; m. fir*t. Father , who d. March, 

1709. He m.aeeond, in 17IW. Ilnnnnh , who d. Mr. .,. 1714, 

Ue m. third, October, 1716, Mary Thompson, and d. ' 1730, 

cot. 53 years fl months. 

ti. Pninp, b. Jan. 10. 1878 . d. Feb. 88, KITH. 

Tii. Sarah, I). Dec. 7, 1679; d. January, 1718, ict. 36. 
6. viii. Pun. 1 1', b. Jan. 8. 1681 ; m. Feb. 3, 1710, Juannn Smith ; raided in 

Kil,"rtn!l, >J. II. 

ix. Jane, b. March, 1684; m. 1711, John Martin. 
9. x. Jbkkxiau, Ii. Bspki W88; «". 1794, Mary Hayes ; lived at South 
BaBaptOD, H hero he d. April II, 1757. 
ii. Annua, b. Oct.,- 1688; m. 1734, Jahez Page. 

• Sec Ekoisteb, anto, vol. vlU. p. 81. 



igail 



1873.] 



The Flandm Family. 



171 



11. ii. 



in. 
iv. 
12. v. 



8. John* (Stephen'), b. Feb. 11,1053; m. 1686, Elizabeth Sargent; lived 
in S.i li.-liury (sue ante), and had: — 

10. i. Jacoii, b. Aug. 5, 1689; m. Mercy Clough in 1710. 

Lt. John. b. Aug. 25, 1091 : m. 1715, Sarah , b. 1G23, and d. 

April 5, 1775, aged 83. He d. Nov. 14, 1782, aged 91 yean 2 moe. 

and 20 days. 
Faiz.m m.i. Ii Sept. 3, 1693; d, Oct. 20, 1716. 
Ezkkiel. b. Jim 21. IflWi. 
Jo i IK, b. Julv 8B| 17iNi : m. Mcl.itable Osgood, who A. Oct. 23, 

179. He lived in South Hampton, N. 11., where In J. Itb. 16, 

1781, in hie 81st year. 

13. vi. Philip, b. Oct. 19, 1702; m. first, 1722, Abigail French, who d. about 

1780. He m. second, IH 'J. 17:!.'.. Hannah Morrill, who d. July 20, 
178i?. Hi- li\rd in South Hampton, where he d. April 30, 1780, in 
h La 78th year. 

14. Tii. Jonathan, 0. Oak 22, 1705 ; m. May 2. 1728, Judith, dau. ofThoman 

Hinl Judith (Kent) Merrill, of South Hampton, She d. Oct. 8, 

lTT'i j lifted in South Bamptoo, who* be -i. 
viii. T.vazxN. b. Jan. 9, 1707 ; ni. Jan. 10, 1727. Henry French. 
is. Hannah, b. April 16, 1710; in. 1731, Joshua (lough. 

4- Stepiikn 3 (Stephen,' Stephen'), b. Jan. 31, 1072; m. 1706, Sarah 
Blaisdcll, and had : — 
i. Mativ. b. March 24,1714. 
ii. Mbkkiak. b. Not. 27, 1726. 
iii. Bncn i., b. t.M. 21, 1730. They probably had other children. 

5. Thomas' (Stephen. 7 Stephen'), I.. Dee 8, 1073; m. March 8, 1711, 

Catharine Il.ii-krii. :un) il. Qet> I. 17 11. They had : — 

15. i. Bknjaiii.n, in. Nov. 4, 1734, Maria Brown. 

6. Davif.i.* (Stephen* Stephen 1 ), b. Mareh 16, 1675; m. ■ ; lived in 

Amfsburv. and had : — 

i. Daniel, d. in 1735. 

16. ii. Jkueiuaii, b. April 13, 1705: m. Jan. 3, 1728, Eleanor Barnard, b. 

Feb. 9, 1700. 

7. Jose™* (Stephen,'' Stephen'),h. March 28, 1677 : m. first, Esther , 

and had : — 
i. Axna, b. June 15, 1701. 

lie m. second, in 1703, Hannah , and had: — 

ii. F.zracin,, b. March 7. 1705. 

17. iii. .In- mm, I.. Sept. It, 1707; in. Jan.. 1732. Ruth .Morrill. 

18. iv. Nmieniau, b. Fob. 18, 1709 ; m. Feb., 1738, Sarah Huckett. 
10. v. Ent-VKZU, b. 1712; m. Maria . 

Be (Joseph) m. third, Oct., 1716, Mm ;, Tin.,,, had:— 

20. vi. Posutlt b. June 25, 1720 ; ni. April. 1711, Tabitha dough. 
vii. Mart, b. Aug. 0, 1721 : in. I7:i7. JonB I.unt. 
viii. .Itiimi \ii, b. July 6, 1723. 
ix. Mosis, b. Nov. 17. 1727. 

8. Pnn.ir* (SUph*,* Stephen 1 ), b. Jan. 8, 1681; m. Fob. 2, 1710, 

Jii.-niii.-i Sinilh. -iiiil hail : — 

i. Saiiaii. Ii. Mot. 16, 1710 ; m. Feb. 8, 1733. Jofiah, son of Samuel and 
Merihnh (Fnge) Tilton, b. April 1, 1709; resided in Kingston, N. II. 

ii. Pnn.ir-, b. March IS, it i:t . o. Oofc- 1736, Ilurmnh ftfbrrtlL 

iii. Ziitorau, b. M>mh I, 171-;, tu . 1734, Jo t, of Newbury. 

iv. Joanna, h. May 80, 1710; in. March 15, 17-11, Nathan Bardett, of 
Newbury. 

t. AniiiAii.. b. An;'. IS, 1722 ; ni. Dec., 1737, John Merrill. 

vi. Kiciiako, b. April 0, I 

vii. AniAii, b. June 29, 1788. 



172 



The Flanders Family. 






Jeremiah* (Stephen? Stephen 1 ), b. Sept., 1686; m. Mary Hayes, in 
17J1, arm had i — • 

i. Sarab, b. July 15, 1725 ; d. in Infancy. 
ii. JuExiAii.b. Sept. 15. 1728. 
jii. !>»R*n, b. March 7, i: 
iv. Ji verm, b. Sept 7, 1731. 
v. Mi-iimABLB, b. fob. 1, 1733 ; m. Oct. 2, 1767, Copt. Epbraim Brown. 

& i»:::;;;;^, \ «i»,kwy».im J \ d>illiniilnc , 

riff. J.»w« b. Ki-1.. 10. 17::.', ; d. April. 1737. 
is, Moses, b. June 29, 1739. 
x. DoHoTiir, b. Aug. 'JI, 1710. 

10. Jacob 1 (J,.h„? Stephen 1 ), b. Aug. 5, 1089; m. 1710, Mercy 0b 

and had >— 

i. TAUiTHA.b. April 7, 1711. 
21. ii. JiCDB, b 11, 1715; m. July 7, 1741, Naomi Darling. 

11. Lt. Jons' \ John? Stephen'), I,. Au». -'•">. K>V1 ; m. 1715, .Sarah. 

d. April 5, 1775, aged 83 (b. ltitfl). Lie d. Nov. 11. 1782, aged 91, 
8,20- They had:— 
i. Elizaiikth. b. Dec. 3d, ITU'-. 
ii. Sakaii, I'. Mnrcli 20. 1719. 
iii. Mutv.b. fob. 81, 1799. 
iv. Jons, b. fob, Bl. 1723. 
v. Bl UablAfb. April 24, 1725 ; m. Aug. 7, 1712, Daniel Eastman. 

vi. Pkimb, b. Nov. 19, 1728 ; m. Sarah . and had a eon Samuel, 

Sept. 20, 1770 prime d. July 20, 17 
vii. Anic-vii., b. May fl. 17.11. 
x iii. Tamzen, b. June 17, 1733; d. Sept. 11, 1735. 
ix. Philip, b. April 13, 1730. 

12. J08IAH* (John,* Stephen 1 ), b. July 28, 1700; m. Mehi table Osgood, 

aud had :— 

i. Tiibodats, b. Aug., 1725. 
ii. MKKKiAM.b. Feb. 2, 1728. 
iii. LOW, b. April 15, 1730. 
iv. Kunh-k, b. March 13, 1731 ; d. wimc- day. 
V. BttUIn, b. Sept. 21, 1732 ; d. same <i 

13. Philip' (John? Stephen 1 ), b. Oct. 19, 1702 ; m. first, Abigail French, 

and had : — 

i. A win, b. Oct. 26, 1724. 
ii. Nathan, b. Feb. 13, 1728. 

II>' m. second, Hannah Morrill, and had:— 
iii. Natuanikl, b. Nov. 15, 1737. 

14. Jonathan 3 (John? Stephen'), b. Oct. 22, 1705; m. Mny 2, 172S. 

Judith Merrill (see ante), and had : — 

23. i. Aura, b. June 9, 1729: married in 1755. John, son of Joseph 
and Deborah (Scribner) Welch, of East Kingston, h. Aug. 7, 179B, 
lived in Batt Kingston, Canterbury and Snnbornton, where he d. 
1811, ««d&. 
ii. Merrill, b. Feb. or May 21, 1731. Ho never married ; nettled Fn 
Hnpkinton, N. II., where he became celcbratrd na a shoemaker. 
and where he d. Dee. 20, 1820, a god 95 years and 7 or 10 mo*. 

23. iii. Parker, b. Juno 13, 1733 ; m. iirwt.n Ilwltine of Haverhill, who 
d. about I7r.i ,j, lnivinu' two sons. Hem.K I 1 14, 1766, 

Eleanor Flanders, rlau. of Jedediah and Kleanor (Itarnard) Flan- 

dan ( ), b. Die. 9, 1740, and d. June 1, 1832, aaed 80j yean. 

He was a blacksmith, a celebrated hoe maker, captain iu militia, 
Ac. 
iv. Juditu, b. 1735 ; ro. Dnniel Jones, and had 6 children (to wit): Jona- 
than, Nathaniel, Molly, Daniel, Hannah aud ttviiu 



French, 



1873.] 



The Flanden Family. 



173 



81. t. CaniSToraEB, b. 1737; m. Elizabeth Collins. lie d. April II, 17R2, 
aged i.j. 
Ti. T:\w.,\,U. 1739; m. Jacob Jones, and hod three children : Merrill . 
I'ullyand Jmq] 

25. \ii. Jonathan, b. May 3, 17-U : m. Lois Pike. He wns a blacksmith, set- 

ii, .1 in Krn-iii :rfi«i, N. II.. Whin bfl d. I'tb. 5, 1731, in bis 90th jr. 

26. Tiii. Natuamki., b. 1713. 

ix. Ha.vn.mi, i>. 1715. Never married. 

27. z. KiniAun Oi 1748; m. Rachel Colby. Lived In South Ilnmp- 

ton, where hed. May 21, 1801. His family mum after removed to 
II opUatOB, and resided with hie brother, Merrill Flanders. 

15. Benjamin* ( Thomas? Stephen? Stephen 1 ), b. ; m. Nov. 17;; !. 

Maria Brown, and h.-nl : — 

i. Wiluam, b. May 28, 1735 ; m. Jan. 4, 17G9, Ruth Brown. 
ii. Khoua, b. April 10. 1744. 
iii. Thob&b, b. Sot. 9, it it. 

Iv. Mkiuuam. b. Aj.ril 27, 17.'j0. 
v. tan, b. Sept. 27, 1753. 

16. Jed-ediaii 4 (Daniel? Stephen? Stephen'), b. April 13, 1705; m. Jan. 

3, 1728, Eleanor Barnard, and had : — 

i. Sarah, b. Juno -1, 1730 ; m. Joseph Cass, of Epping. and hod threecliil- 
dren : Daniel, Benjamin, and ((icn.) Jonathan ; the latter wns the 
i 1 1 ■ ■ i Lewis Cass, the distinguished stnt<«ut:ui of IH-ti >" 

ii. Two-rnr, b. April 14, 1732 ; m. Jane Fits ; lived in Aracsbury, and had 

issuo. 
iii. BamKaB. h. Feb. I, 1735; m. first, Lemuel Jones, second, Levi Mill-. 

of Enfield, as his 2d wife. 
88. iv. DAMRi.b. Feb. 5, 1738; m. Sarah Weed. Ho wan u soldier in the 

old French war; settled in Hupkiuton, and lived to benged. Had 

three children. 

29. v. Barnard, b. April 29, 1711 ; id. Annie Currier ; lived in South Hamp- 

ton as a farmer ; six children. 
vi. BUUVOS, •». [>iv. '.). |1 !") ; m. Dec. 14, 1760, Parker Flanders (14-3). 

30. Tii. Jidsihab, b. Aug. 29, 1749; in. Feb. 8, 1770, Judith Tewkibury . 

lived In Salisbury, Man., where all of his II children were born. 
In the spring of 1785 be removed to Cornvillo, Me., when a wilder- 
ness, but seven families ha vine preceded him Httehe purchased a 
large tract of land, built nulls, &e. All of his children but one, 
married, bad families, lived near him, nnd lived to be aged. He d. 
Dec. 6, 1823, aged 75 year* 3 mos. and 7 ds. 

17. JOSKI'H* (Joseph? Step/mi? Stephen'), b. ScpL 9, 1707 ; m. January. 

17:j--\ Kuih Mori ill, and had:— 

i. A son, b. Oct. 29, 1732; d. in two days. 

ii. N'.tiiw-. b. Bept n. 1733. 

iii. JoKiii. b. Muy 1, 1735. 

iv. Hasmah, b. Mar 7. 1738. 

v. Hi in, li. Oct. 2, 1741. 

18. NsnEMiAn* (Juseph? Stephen? Stephen'), h. Fob. 18, 1709; m. Vt ■]>., 

1738, Sarah Hackett, and had : — 

i. Jarvi*, 1.. Oct 13, 1738. ir. NuinciAn. h. Sept. 2. 1719. 

ii. IIezouah, b. Julv 5. 1712. v. Ouva.b. July 21. 1751. 

iii. Daviu. b. Jan. 22, 1747. vi. Levi, b. Feb. 26, 1754. 

19. Edenezer 4 (Joseph? Stephen? Stephen 1 ), b. 1712 ; tn. Maria , and 

had : — 

!;. hKSSS* ) twin8 • b - ^ *» l735 : d - 8 * me day - 

iii. Bl IAJOU, b. Dee. 16, 1743. 

20. Pumas* (Joseph? Suphen? Steplttni), b. Juno 25, 1720 ; m. April, 

1744. Tabilha Clough. and had:— 
Vol. XXVII. 16 



174 



The FlanAert Family. 






i. Betst. b. Jan. 22, 1745. 

ii. il..i six b. Nov. 7, 1748. 

in. Nona, b. May 18, 1749. 

iv. Anmk, I). Feb. 26, 1761. 

v. J'nisEvs, b. kpdl 30. IT.i.'J. 

11. Jacob* (Jaeoi* John,' Stejdvn 1 ), b. Aug. 1 I, 1715 ; m. July 7, 17 11, 
Naomi Darling, and bad ■ — 
i. Mm v. b. May 27, 1745. 
ii. Joslvu, b. July 27, 1753. 

22. Auiia" (J.u'tthan* *fIohn? Stephen 1 ), b. Juno 9, 1720; in. 1755, 

John Welflh (see ante), ami had: — 

i. J<>«i:imi, Ii. 1757; m. Elizabeth Runtoou- 

ii. An:: 1,9, M r. 7, 1759 ; m. Nov. 13, I7s5, George Drutch. 

iil. BaVAMIH.b l7ol; in. widow Cotton ; no issue. 

iv. Deuokah, b. Feb. 22. 1784; m. Aug. 22. 1785, Capt. Wm. Prescott 
. 323, page 203, of the Pr escort Memorial), b. Oct. 11. I 
They were tho parents of Win. Preecott, M.D., author of tho Pres- 
to// Memorial, and others, which see. 

j. Ji dot, b. 1765; tu. Simeon EkowD. 

vi. Jonathan, b. 1768; in. first, Abigail Brown, second, Hannah Merrill. 
•rv.-d in die wnrul" 1812. 

Tii. BuZAHSl B, 1770 ; m. Aug. 13, 1795, Jonathan M. Smith ; 

lived and d. iu Verm 

vili. Salit, b. 1772 ; d. aged and single. See Welch Genealogy, A'. K. 
Jlitf. and (ten. Rfffltttr, vol. xxiii. pp. 49041. 

23. Parkku* Uluuaihan? John? S b. June 13, 1733; m. first, 

Huscltine, of Haverhill, and bad : — 

i. Parker, d. young. 

ii. S.uiAii, iu. Jonathan Eastman, and settled in Enfield. 
He m. second, Eleanor Flanders (sec ante), and hod : — 

iii. Brnv, b. April 11, 1709 : d. Not. 23, 1791, of phthisis. 

iv. Mi-Kitn .i., b. Be t. -•.', 1772 ; in. Polly Cleaves. He was n farmer at 
Booth Hampton, where he d. Nov. 15, 1854. lb- bid but one child, 
Rebecca Cleaves, who was in. in the niorninjj to u Mr. Chaw, wbo 
was killed by the kick of a horse the same day. Bha run mine a 

widow. 

T. Parser, b. Oct. 19, 1779 ; m. May 5, 1805, Tirzah Sawver, b. Aug. 
96, 1781. lie reside 1 al Sootb Hamptou until the spring of 1830, 
when he removed to Cornville, Me. 

24. CBBrSTOPHER* {Jonathan* John* Stephen 1 ), b. 1737; m. Eli. 

Collins, and had : — 

31. i. CnnisroriiCT, m. 1803. Ruth Currier, who d. 1826. He d. 1839. 
n. Jaooa, i>. Deo. 90, 1774. 

ii.. ilu.-v. iii. Feb., 1903, Merrill. 

2o. Jonathan* (Jonathan,* John' Stej>hrn'), b. May 3, 1711 : m. Loll 
1'ik. -. iStllfld it ECautDgton, X. IT., a blacksmith, where be d. 
Feb. 5, 1831, in bia 90th year. They had :— 
i. Lois. ii. Sarau. iii. Jri-mi. 

S6> Natiianikl* (Jonathan,* John * Stephen 1 ), b. 1743 ; m. and had: — 

i. M'ii.i.un. ii. Jinan. 

27. RrcnARD C.« (■' Mat^ Stephen'), b. 17 IS; m. R ; , 

(see ante), and hud : — 

i. JuuiTH. b. April 2, 1780; m. Benjamin Racket, lived iu Hopkinton, 

N. If., and d. Jan. 31, 1837. 
If, twain., b. Bant 26, 17H3; m. Jan. 12. 1808, Nathan OottW ; d. 

April 19, 1830. 

• Sec Philip "Welch, lie., Reoibter, vol. xxlii. p. 419 (3S-2), and 420 (61). 



1873.] 



The Flanders Family. 



175 



vii. Jaiy.h. 1). April 17, 1" 
mil Jtroint, b. Jane i.i" 
ix. Ki.i ikok, b. Mm I, 1787. 
X. Daniel, b. .April 28. 1789, 
xi. \l dune 23, 1781. 



32. iii. Philip, b. Aug. 30, 1786; tn. April 11, If 15, Sarah, dau. of Moody 

Smith : lived in Bopkfotoo, N. H. : <l. Nov. 13. 183 -'. 

ir. Rachel, b. July 26, 1789; m. Jacob Thompson , settled in Gilford, 
N. II.. .1 ii» Booth Hampton, 1). 

33. t. Ji>\ uu.n, h. Out. ■-':!, 1791 ; m. first. Appbk Danlbitb; m.necond. 

1820, Sophronia KbowHoo. of Ilopkiniou, b. Jim. 0, lwtt. Lived 
Bret, at Newport. N. II.. tin n at rSunnap. c. 
vi. Il.-\s,i[. b. April I'J, 1794; m. Lowe ChlTord, of Dunbarton. Sbcd. 

\ii. X UH , ■., b. Oct. 18. 1796 ; d. Dec. 13, 1825. unmarried. 

viii. I'AHk-r.R, 1). April 28, IHOO ; d. Oct. 30, 1815. 

28- DaJOxl 1 {Jododiahf ihmi.i; Stoke*? Shphm 1 ), b. Feb. 5, 1738; 
ui. S:ii;ili Weed (scu nnie), and bad: — 
i. UbSES. 'i. Molly. iii. Timothy. 

29. Barnard* (JfMiah,* Dmut? Sumkm? Staphmt?), b. April 29, 17411 

m. Anuie Currier, li v ir<l io South Ilauij'ton, | farmer, aud had : — 
i. Timothy. iv. Sarah. 

ii. An y. KsintEx. 

iii. Samvll. vi. IIa.wah. 

30. Jsdumab* (Jedediahf DanUlf Staph**? Staph*)?), l>. Aug. 20, 1718: 

m. Feb. s, 1770, Judith 'i'r-,vk>iiiiiv, ssttled Salistmrr, Ma--.. 

where hi therm Ed 1790 be rem l to Comvillc, 

Mi-. (■•■'• ""''■). Thej beds— 

i. JJiillv. b. Juno 8. 1770. 

ii. JONAnUX, b. Oct. B. 1771. 

iii. 1 .ii.was, b. Oct. 80, 1773. 

iv. Sarah, b. Feb. 25, 1776. 

v. William, b. Nov. 19,1778. 

vi. Jkdkdiaii, b. March 18, 1781. 

31. Chki»t>i'Ii 'ttopher,* Jonathan,' John* Stephen 1 ), m. 1803, 

Iluth Comer, and had: — 

i. George W., b. 1803 ; d. 1816, unmarried. 

ii. Adalixb, b. 1806. 

iii. Soi'MBunia, b. Jan. 25. 1808; m. I f, tod d, Jen. 8. 1870. 

iv. Cii.vri.rs Collins Ccbweh, b. Oct. 33, 1810 ; m. Pbebo Bailey ; livca 

in Concord ;a butcher. 
v. Jacob, m. Lois Pavis ; two boob, one dnu^M'-r. 

32. Fuii.ii'* (Itichani* Jonathan? John? Staphs* 1 ), h. Atjg. 30, 1786; 

m. Sarah Smith. He cL Nov. 13, 1872. They bed :— 

i. Pabkkk ML b, Jan. 26, 1810 : m. Feb. 19. 1884, Hannah C., daa. of 

Abel nnd Huunah Vr . Connor, ul'llennikor. Live* in ilopkiiilun ; 

three children. 
ii. HaMMH, h. Jan. 30, 1818; m. Dec. 13, 1842. George W., mm of Dr. 

Stephen Currier, of Bopkraton , tfx children, 
iii. BaJUS As.v, b. June 3, ItsSl ; m. March 23, 1813, Joseph B., eon of 

Nicholas and Sarah (SU-vcub) yuiuihy lonaBOn. Flaviue A. W., 

i, E8€7. 
Jonathan, b. Oct. lfl. 1823 : d. Sept. 16. 1863. aged 
i'i.ii.ii", b. Sept. 21, 1887; m. Am;. 16, tB6L Blna S.. dmijthtcr of 

Nil by, of Bopkinl in, b, .July 19, 

1928. Ifoisn carpenter, and works at the machine Bftop d the 

Concord railroad. 

33. Jonathan* (Richard CL,* Jonathan? John? 9taphen}} t b. Oct. 23. 

1791 : rn. lirst, Apphia Dauforth, whod. and hu in. second. SophroniA 
Knowlton, of Hopkinton, in 1820, b. Jan. G, 180b", by whom he. 

had:— 

i. Thankful, b. March 7. 1823; d. Sept. 12, 1813. 
ii. I'niur, b. Jon. 6, 1825; m. Dell | Alice) Richards. 



iv. 

Y. 



176 DetccndiaiU of William Lane. 

iii. Jonathan P., b. Jnn. 2, 1926 ; m. Mary Brooks. 

iv. Ei:rnRoxitrs. b. Sept. IS. 182U, d. Oct. 1829. 

t. Robot L.. b. May 8, WM ; m. Almin Bold a, 

ft WtUJUM W., b. Jan. 15, 1833 ; m. Eliza Huudee. 

Til. Mabtiv B., b. .Iin i. I-.15; m. Triphciin Muszey. 

viii. JSa mi m BL, b. Feb. 4, 1837. 

ix. Sopiironu A., b. May 33, 1839 ; m. Roewell Applcton. 

s. John K., b. Aug. 23, 1842 ; d. Jan. 14, 1866. 



[April, 



DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM LANE. 

Cominnnicatal by Edmund J. Lane, Esq., of Dover, N. H. 

1. William' Laxe, the ancestor of the Lane families, whose record 

will Ihi bona in the following pages, was a resident of Bat 
Mass., in 1G51. He was mlniiLted freeman at that place, May 6, 
1657. Regarding himself or his connections W6 Boon nothing 
furthor, save the names and time of birth of his children, which 
are found on the Boston records. Tradition, however, says that 
he was of English origin, and also that a brother settled in 
Bi :vcrly or Gloucester and another in Maine. Farther researches 
may establish or disprove tho authenticity of this tradition. T' 
were others oi the name of Lane in this country at an early 
:od. 

From the Boston records we learn that the wife of William 
Lane was named Maty. Sli.- died May L\ 1 666, Hid he married, 
Aug. 21, 1656, Mary. dflnghtar of Thomas Brewer, of lloxbury. 
Mis children were : 

i. Saiii-el, b. Jon. 23, 1651-2. 
ii. .tnji\. I). Feb. ">, 1668-4. 
iii. llorpb. May 15, I65fl. 
iv. Sarah, b. June 15, 1657. 

2. v. William, h. Oct. 1, 165U; wife Sarah, 
vi. EttZAMTH, b. Feb 3, lfifil-2. 
vii. I b Uuofa 91, 1066-7. 

2. William* (WiBSam*), born in Boston, Oct, 1, 1639, removed to 

Hampton. N. II.: tho time of his removal was apparently l»etwecn 
tlie years 1685 and 1G88, if wo judge anything from the fact that 
the Hampton record states his oldest child to have been born "in 
Boston," while the altsence of such notice in regard to tho 
remaining children would seem to imply that they were horn at 
the place in whose records their births were recorded. William 
is said to have been, by trade, a tailor ; he resided near the spot 
where the Hampton Academy now stand*. lie married. Juno 21, 
ll'..sf», Sarah, daughter of Thomas Webster, of Hampton, born 
:. L':\ L660-L Her death is recorded,- ■ C January 17 15, aged 
85 years, of Fever." He died Feb. 14, 1749, in Hampton. Their 
i Mldren were: 

3. i. John. b. in Boeton. Feb. 17, 1685; in. March 7, 1702, Mary Libboy, 

of Rye. 
ii. Sarah, b. Nov. 6, 1688; m. William harry. 
mi Elizabeth, b. July 12, 1601 ; iu. Oct. 12, 1711, Eliss Critchett. 
iv. Amciail, b. Dec. 0, ION ; m. Dec. 11. 1715. John Vittum. 

4. v. Josuca, b. June 6, 1626; m. Bnthshcba Bona 



1873.] 



Descendants of William Lane. 



177 



5. Ti. B*mm,1». 1MB; wife Elizabeth. 

6. vii. Thomas, b. June 8, HOI ; U. Aug. 3, 1775; wife Dtab 

3. John' (William? William '), born in Boston, Feb. 17, 1685; was 

taken iu infancy to Hampton liy his patents. He married Mary 
Libbiy, of Kv". March 7, 17">0. Not long after lii.s marriage m 
Went 10 sen, was taken by plfBtM ami kept in eaplhity for :-ev< :l 

in. Returning hone, he remained kmm y,-:n--. bni went to ma 

nnd iin:iily died at sea. He had only one child: 
i. John. b. Oat. IV. Ion, m. (1) Hannah Lain prey, (2) KM Knnwle*. 
Chlldnm: — L. JcAn. 3. OanieJ. 3. EzfAiel. 1. Danm, m. Maiy 

Norn*. 5. Mary. 6. Hannah. 7. Nathan. 8. Sartih. 'J. /taae. 
1(1. Jonaltuzn. 

A. J08BVX 3 (William* William*), bom in Hampton, Juno G, 1C9G 
(<). S), dwelt about halt' a mile north of the old Baptist meeting- 

1 <■. 00 i ho road tOWUd North Hampton. Be owned ■ small 

farm there, aud also worked at his trade, that of a -lmemaker and 
currier. He married, Dec. 2-1, 1717, BaUuhebfl Robift, daughter 
of Samuel ami Miry Koine, DOSB Aug. 2, L69fl I ' >. 9r). 

Joshua LaDOj with his wife, united with the Congregational 
chur.'li in Hampton. Maivh 10, 171X. He v 

many years a deacon in thai rdranhj and nthi ntio tradMou t''ll 

of his cminenilv obi i-iran ■■Ii.iimc i r. ftd :u.s 

which made him n faithful friend] ■ parent diligent In leading bis 

children in the ways of righleousneiw, a kind tin-band and a 
support nnil ornament to UM ehurch of Coil. Eft wife was an 
■Btive, intelligent woman, and well litr.-<i : in forming ihe 

character of their children to habits of industry and piety. Tim 
effect of the training of these servants of Cod was seen in the 
character of their ehililivn. marly all of whom became at an early 
profbnon of the religion of Jesus. 
Deacon Joshua Lane was killed hy lightning. June 1 I, 1 T '" '. 
The thunder shower had nearly passed by. when, going to the 
door, he was instantly killed. His wife bad 'lied, April 18, 176& 
Their children were: 

7. i. Samcw.. b. October, 1718; in. (I) Mary James, (2) Rachel Coloord. 
ii. Maiiv. b. Feb. 7. [Ten : ln . < l) Jabes James, of Bempton, Feb. 7. 

17 In. b. April 18, 1717, d. June 18, 1788. Obildten: I J 

in. Iliil'luli Flagg. 9. Susannah, il vmiii^ !i /v</mund, d. youog. 

f^he m. (-) Jonathan Shew, of Hampton, May 20, it 

1709. d. May 30, 1780. Children : — 4. Henjamin, father 
Hon. Tristnrn Sno,W, M.C. fmni \.v. -Bamp .ire. 6. Susanna. 
|. J.isinh. ni Bsnbonitoa. 7. Uathshiha, in. Isaiah Berry, of 

Greenland 

iff. JoSHOA, h. Mav«, 17-'l . d. Mnv SO, I 

is. \\ ilium, b. J.ni.- II, 1193; d Else, 90, 1809: o. Bsohel Ward, Feb. 

13, 1740, b. Sept. 10, 17-„'3, d. Deo. 10. 1805. Children ;— 1. Noah, 

d. young. 9, Abigail, d. young. 3. daughter, d, jrooag. 4. 
iiniiimpt.iii.ni Mehitahle Fogs. 5. w tarn. ifUstu 

in. M;iry Doe B H baft, oi Dsamud] n. Henitobla Bartthszn. 

7. Thomas, al Uanptoa, ± nan. B. tuMadth, at. (l) Anna 

Marston. («) Lac* II. 
T. .!•• hi t.h Julj 8, 1724; lived in Pbplin, ' nnwoiowd 

shoot 1709, He m. Dee. 16, 1717, Ruth B b. Nor. 83. 

17-27. He d. Jan. 13, 1794, a inenib-r 

.•h.ir.li i biidreu — I Wary, n Daniel Karris, i 

ah tiodfrey. Tin ir * in, the lata Isaiah* Lane, n phj 
of Combo nod H IS the lather of tlie RsT. .Junius P.* 

Lsoe, juni..rp:ittorot IM ConCTC'iitioiial church in Bristol, K. L— 

Vol. XXVII. 10* 



178 



Descendants of William Lane. 



[April, 



(See Chase's History of Chtstsr, jV. //., pp. 553- j.) 3. Abigail, 

xxx. Ezekiel Eastman. 4. Joshua, m. linnnah Fuhum. 5. Jonah, 

d. young. 6. Jonah, d. unm. 7. Ruth, in. Samuel Fogg. 8. 

Sarah, m. John Stearns. 0. Elizabtih, d. young. 10. Isaiah, in. 

Elisabeth Wheeler. 
vi. Josiah (twin of preceding), b. Julr 8, 1724 ; d. July 22. 1729. 
vii. John, I.. Kb. 14, 1786: <1. Uim-I, 21. 1811 ; m. Dec. \», 1740, Hannah 

Dow, b. Sept. 20, 1727, «i. Srpt. 10. 1775 ; adniittud i 

Humpton, Oct. 23, 1748. but removed to Kensington and died 

there. Children : — 1. Samuel, m. Judith Clifford. 2. Jo An, m. 

Elizabeth llatchcldcr. 3. Hannah, d. unm. 4. Comfort, d. 
.V Mori/, m. William Huper. of De e r held. 0. Joshua, 

in. Ilulilnh Halliard. 7. David, of Sauburuton. 8. Joseph, of 
ueton, ni. Elizabeth Lang, 
viii. Saeau, b. Dec. 3, 1727: d. June 8, 1784; m. Jan. 1. 1717, Deacon 

Jonathan Wonro, of Seabrook, b. June 29, 17.' 1. Children : — I. 

Hannah, m. Simoon Page. 2. Abigail, m. JohnToppan. 3. Peter, 

in llunnah Nason. 4. Jonathan, m. Ann Worm. 5. John, in. 

Thankful Hubbard, 
ix. Batusueba, b. Juue G, 1729; d. unm. Sept. 5, 1757. 
x. Isaiah, b. Dee. 91, 1730! d.. s. p., Oct. 23, 1816: m. July 24, n 

Sarah Perkins, b. ¥■ . d. March IB. I 

xi. taOBaS. b. March 10, 1732; d. Juuc21,18©6; m. Jan. 18, 

Mary Sanborn, h. May 21, 1796, d. 1810. Children :— I. Mary', 

in. Thomas Betty, of Titt«6cld. 2. Sarah, d. \-mti£. 3. Joshua, 

of Chichester, ni. Lvdia Blake. 4. Jertmia h, of Chichester , tu. 

(I) Eunice TfitOD, ft) Hannah Tuck. 5. Simeon, m. (1) Sarah 

Morrill, (2) Huldoh Triton. 6. son, d. young. 7. Levi, m. Anne 

Bntrhelder. 
xii. Ebsxhkr, of Hampton, b. Sept. 28, 1733 ; d. May 20, 1790 ; ra. Nov. 

16, 1757, Hulunh Fogg, b. July SI, 1736, d. July 13, 1814. 

Children . — 1. Huldah, m. John Drake. 2. Sarah, d. young. 3. 

Bbenezer, m. Sarah PerkiiM. 4. Joshua, d. young. 5. Abigail, 

m. John Knapp. 0. Joshua, in. Abigail Lamprey'. 7. John, m. 

Sarah Dow. 
xiii. Abiraii., b. Nov. 13, 1734; d. Nov. 9, 1826; m. Dee. Ifl, 1754, Thomas 

Benj, b. Feb. 10, 1731, d. March 14, 1799. —I. 

Joshua, m. Mary Cate. 2. Mary, d. young. 3- MchitabU, m. 

Thorn a* Berry. 4. Isaiah, m. Bathsheha Shaw. 5. 314mm*, d. 

young, fl. William. 7. Thomas, m. Mary Lane. 8. Ahgail, na. 

Jacob Brown. 9. John, m. Sarah Drake, 
riv. Elizabeth. 



xt. Josu 



uw. iH'wy i crams, o. iior. v, iiw, u. uii. xj, icii. 
Children: — 1. John, m. Ruth Morrill. 2. Moses, m. Anna 
Alaraton. 3. Mary, d. unm. 4. Dathshcla, m. Jonathan Urrene. 



Parsons. 

xri. Ass*, b. March 24, 1741 ; d. Feb. 2, 1760 ; m. Frh. 28, 1760. Joseph 
Johnson, of Hampton, who removed to Kcadticld, Me., b. April 
10, 1734, d. November, 1794. 

5. Samuel* (WiUiam? William 1 ), born June (August?) 4, 1698, lived 
in Hampton Falls. He was a farmer. His wife's name wo* 
Klirnln :ih. Ho died Jan. 9, 177C. His will was proved 
September, 177G. Partly from this source and partly from 
records of Deacon Joshua, wc learn that ho had children : 

i. Abigail, d. Aog. 2, 1735. 
ii. Samuel, d. Aug. 2, 1735. 
iii. Euzabitu, d. Aug. 4, 1735. 



1873.] 



Descendant* of William Lant. 



179 



iv. Sarah, m. Mr. Sanborn. 
t. Mary, m. Mr. Prescou. 
Ti. Ahiuail, m. Mr. Prescott, 

8. vii. Samcsl. 

6. Tuomas 1 ( William* William 1 ), born June 8, 1701, in Hampton ; wife 

Elizabeth was admitted to the church in Hampton, April 11, 
173G. He died Aug. 30, 1775. Their duldroa were : 

i. Mart, d. April 5. 1730. 

ii. .luiiv, b. .Inn. 1, 173] ; d. Feb. 9, 1811, without children. 

iii.SuioN. b. July 3. 1733; m. Sarah Bobie. Children:—!. James. 8. 
Simon. 3 to 7, ti™ daughters. 

iv. Sarah, admitted to tbo church in 175(1. 

v. Ei.iz nigra, " " " 1766. 

vi. Hannah. " " " 1771. 

and perliaps other daughters. 

7. Sajiuki. ■ (Jun/iua, 3 William* William 1 ), born Oct- 6, 1718, remoTed 

10 Stratham, June 11, 17-11. wli. ided dmauj 'ho remain- 

der of his life. He was a selectman and town-clerk of Stratham 
for several years, and a member of the profinda] Ml My which 
met at Exeter in 1770. la addition to Ills Imiimmi (rlnf of i 
tanner run! shoemaker) he ivaa emplojod 00 WrWfOr under tho 
royal governor* and also after the revolution. 
Samoal Lum united Willi Out ehnnfa to Bampton, April 11, 

17;jl>, and Ml dhfltn deacon of tho church in Slr:itli:un, .Inly 4, 
1766, which office he filled until ho was elected elder. May 28, 
180& '1'he l.-itter position ho occupied until his death. Dec- 2'.), 
1806, displaying in both ntoatfOU ftD e\ce>;il irv christi ttt ch&rao 
tcr. and enjoying tlial respect which his consistent life idiiaim -d 
from his fellow citi/oiis. lie was twice married: First, to 
Mary J:n in ■■-. Dee. 24, 1741, daughter of Benjamin and Susanna 
James, born March 3, 1722, died July 3", 1 769. Second, dune 
22, 1774, to Mrs. Rachel (Parsons) Colcord, widow of Gideon 
Colcord, of Newmarket-* She was bom at Cape Ann, Mass., 
June 29, 172G, and died Jan. 18, 1813. He bad eight children, 
all by his first wife, viz.: 

i. Mast. b. July 14, 1744 ; d. Sept. 18, 1793 ; m. John Crockett. 

ii. Sa*h ki., !.. May 8, 1746; &, Nov. 94, 1890; B Hannah Gate. 

iii. JesSBa, b. Iw. 9, 1748; d. Oct. 28, 1613, rn. Hiuimdi Til ton. 

iv. BoatlOUi b. July M, 1760; d. June 10, 1»01 ; m. Jonathan Clarke, 

of Northwood. 
t. Sarah, b, Bsftt. 90, 1752; d. Aug. 16, 1835; m. Matthew Thompson, 

of Saubornton. 
vi. Martha, b. ¥eh. 22, 1755 ; d. June 19, 1803; m. William Bonrdman, 

of Newmarket, 
vii. Bathshkua, b. May 57, 1757; d. July II, 1833; m. Joseph Clarke, 

of Sanborn ton. 

9. Tiii. Jabez, b. May 10, 1760; d. April 3, 1810; m. Eunice Colcord, his 

stepsister. 

8. Samcei. 1 (Samuel* William? William 1 ), was born at Hampton 

Falls, where he lived and died. He had the following children: 
i. Joxatiia.*, m, (1) Lydia Lenritt, (2) Molly To wle, who was living 
iu 1811 in Pierim/m, N. EL lly both wives he hud 17 children. 

• Ginroy and Rachel (Paraoxs) Colcord hsd children :— Gideon, who Jlred In 
Newnurb ' . J'-'-, i!"' HfM in Tnfionboro'; Jtmoh. who lived in IMr-onsfleld, Mc; 
Salhaniel, who lived In Hsllowell, He.) litnianun. who lived In Korthwood, Ac; 
Jeremiah, of Newhuryjiort. who died In Parsonsfleld, Mc. ; and Eunice, who married Jaoex 
Lone (7, vui.), of Strath am. 



180 



Descendants of William Lane. 



[April, 



ii. A?». h. Not. 18. 1763; d. March, 1847, aged 83; rn. (1) Sflrnh Junes; 

J2 and 3) lUughterx of Jcwinh Lane. Children : — I. Ifetsty, xa. 
tracki it L Novel. 3. Somud, d. young. 3. Sally, ai. Joaepb 
Pan it t. 4. Polly, m. I >avid Baker. 5. Lydia, m. John Carpenter. 
8. Nancy, ni. Lovewell Ifctkor. 7. Asa, 6 S. Sop/ua. 

., J. young. 10. Joshua, d. young. 11. Huldah, m. George 
B. Mason, 
iii. SiRAR, m. Mr. Batohelder, who at one time lived in Pitufictd, bud 3 

■ hildrm. 
iv. Axsz, m. James Towle. She woo living iu 1841 in Pittefield, a 

widow; 3cliildron. 
t. Sami kl, d. young, 
vi. Km. mng. 

10. vii. AmiAn, m. Ilannah Wallace. 

viii. ELunus, m. Jeremiah White, of PitCsfleld; d. s.p. 
ix. HaM EL, m. Temperance Cowan ; resided in Boston, Maas. ; had 7 or 8 
i hiMn.-ti. 

9. Jabkz* (Sammt, 4 MhU,* WilKnm* William 1 ), horn May 16, I ■ 

married Oefc 2, 1783. Eunice, daughter of Gideon and Rachel 
( Parsons) Colrord. They lived on the homestead of his father 
and her stepfather. Deacon Samuel Lane, in Btratham. !!.• waa 
admitted to the Coqgrantiona] church there, Augu*i. 1801, 
and died April ;>, IfilO. Their children u 

i. Avi| b. Dec. 27, 1781 ; m. Benjamin Mather, Jr., widower of her 
r Martha. Died Dee. 16, 1809. 

•i. Mikiik, h. .Inn. 98, 1787; d. June 25, 1814 ; m. Benjamin Mather, 
Jr. 

iii. Marv, b. April 10, 1789; d. March 1. 18fi»i; tn. Rev. John Folsom 
Adams, a MotluidiVt pri-wding elder, poll Of Lieut. John Adama, 
i if the Revolutionary army, and grandson of the Rev. Joseph 
Adam*, of Struthuui. 

iv. Gborcb. b. July 11. 1701 ; m. Mary Little Barker. Still live* on the 
old homestead in Struthnni. 

v. Euzabkth, b. March 7, 1791 , d. March 9, 1850 ; m. Charles Belcher 
Orne, of Wolf boro\ 

vi. Cimrlss, of South Newmarket and now of Strntham, b. Not. 27, 
1790; ra. (1) Hannah French. (9) Klixabeth Berry. 

vii. AndUW Couodxo, of Sirathum, b. July 1, 1790; d. July 20, 1830; m. 
Klixabeth Ann Clarke. 

\'r.\. Snmni JalOB, h. June 6, 1802. Hi* wjw enraged in teaching from 
November, 1825, to Been uy, 1888, ■ hen lie commenced business 
in Dora an a IxKikseller, where he still remains. He was admitted 
tn the Congregational church in Durham .Liu. Ml 
i miicctii i -LI. -"', IWt-j, to the church in Dover, of which he was 
chosen deacon Dec. 30, 1838. lie m. (1) Feb. 13, 1834, Eli • 
dau. of tori Barker, of Strathnm. b, Mnv 7. 1708, She (L April 
23, 1B38, and ha m. (2) Nov. II, 1845, Martha Jam- Qoodhnt 
Barker, b. Dec. 2, 1812, d. Jan. 10, 1870. Children by first wifo: 
1. Mary E. B., b. Feb. 17, 1838 : d. March ft, 1835. 2. Edmund 
Darker, b. Dec. 22, 1837. Children bv m-cund wife : 3. Abby 
Frown, b. Aug. 0, 1848. 4. George Albert, b. Sept. 3, 1H50; d. 
Sept. 2, 1851. 5. Anhvr, b. Nov. 16, 18.52: d. Aug. 28, 1W53. 

ix. Lrcr. h. May 12, 1805; d. unmarried, Dec. 30, 1844. 

10. Abu air' 1 (JSamnri, 4 Samuel* William* William 1 ), born at Hampton 
Falls. X. II. He married Hannah Wallace. They lived on 
"Bear Hill," so called, iu Chichester, N. II. He died May 7, 
1830, aged 59 years, and was buried, but a short distance from 
his home, in the Chichester burying ground. His wife died about 
iy years ago, and was buried in Salem, Mass. They bad I 

i. Poixr, b. Oct. 22, 1790; m. Benjamin Maxfield, and died in Salem, 
Mass., July II, 1804, aged 67 years 8 mouths and 20 days. 






1873.] 



President Wilder'* 



rets.. 



181 



ii. R.uma., m. Mary Drew, and now Urine in Wakefield, N. H. 

Hei-SEBKTU, b. IiLout 1800; d. limn. in'Sdrm. N 

iv. WaUaO, b. 1802 ; m. Nancy Langmaid ; d. iu Newington, April 22, 
1668, eged about 06. 

11. v. A ., K. Aug. 15, 1804; m. Elizabeth P. Towle ; d. April 16, 1866, 
aged 61 year* 8 month* and 1 A 
vi. Mjtilda, b. March 20, 1807; m. (l) Newell MaxfiVld. (3) Pearson 

i i .■■'■>• ; d.at London, Jan. 529. 18C3, a«:ed S4 years and Id n 
▼ii. Amo.ui., b. March 30, 1814 ; m. Lphraim K. Foaa; d. in Salem, Ma.su. 

11. Asa* (Jiff'afi,' Simm-i,' .>.■ Kant), beam in 

Chichester, N. II., Aug. 15, 1804. He was married by the Rev. 
Josiah Carpenter, Aug. 28, 1828, to Elizabeth Perkins Towle (a 
rrrcat -granddaughter of Deacon Joshua Lane*). Tl n-_v lived in 
Chichester a few years, then moved to Wentworth (Grafton co.), 
H, IJ., and lived upon a farm until Jan. 28, 1811, when they 
moved to Ilonks.cU, N. II., and resided there unt.l bJi death) April 
1G. 18GG, caused by t i i • ■ nflan of a building falling on him, 
dislocating his hip and inflicting internal injuries. Ills wife is 
now living in Manchester, N. H. Thoy had : 

i. EUftAfl l.i .i/.tnrra, b. Feb. 20. 1833; in. Daniel II. Maxfield. 

ii. Jous Weston, b. Aug. 80, 1835; m. Angie F. Brvant. 

in FIONAS Watebman. h in Wentworth. N. II.. May BO, 1K41, lived with 
in- parent* until January, 18KI, at whn-h In I icnced thfl 

printer's trade in the office of the Dotty nd IWA/y Minor, and has 
over since been connected with that paper as clerk, lie in. Amanda 
1 . Stone, boo, of Samuel stone, of tfewficld, Me.. March 90, 1863. 

IK- wm elected clerk of the common cmn-il >.t Mum hr-trr, in 
December, 1871, to till a vacancy, and reelected to the sum- ■•(iioe in 
. i-.-'. mid is now tn-flsiir.T of the Now-Hnm|*hire 
Publishers, Editors and I'rintern' ASBOftiation, to vrhieh office he 
has lieen reelected twice. Children — 1. Jnc Gtrtrvdt, b. July 
21, 1W5. 2. Ethel Luc. ha, b. Dec. 16, 1807. 3. Thomas Waterman, 
b, March 20, 1870. 

iv. M»kv Aviu.i»,h. Dec. 1, 1B43; m. George W. Flanders. 

T. Mu:iiu burin (twin yf preceding), b. Dec. 1,1813; d. Oct. 31, 1816, 
aged 3 years and 11 months. 

f^g" Mm in id, -• v f li :nnl fetal generations, and fuller details 

tt&Og (asulfal in the fifth generation, whose? nam.- i»nly are given in 

ho. found in the tiwimiM ripl .lr |M -ill .1 by DesjOOQ K. J. 

Lane, Of Dover. IS". II.. in tin- lil.riry of the; Nev.-KiiJ.md Historic, 

GfoCM il< >irj«- 1 1 Society. 



Pinrwirn's Resttblica.— We have lately eeen a cony of this rare and valuable 
book. The (bUowing is the lull title and dedication — ( Km ton.] 

" Prestwi' Mica | Or a Display of the I Honors, Ceremonies & Ensigns of 

the Common- Wealth, | Under the In otorship of Oliver Crui with 

| The N >. Fugs ft Pcnnona, | of the Different Commander* 

of the I English, Sootah, [rise Amenoans A Fxsnon. | [Goat of Ann*, with notto 
above on a ribbon, " In te Doui'me speravi" and underneath the name, also on a 
ribbon, " Prcstwich"] | and | An Alphalietical Roll "1 f l» Nemei A Arm uiial Bear- I 
ingsof I pi ' J i'lu'ee Hundred Families of the Present J Nobility & Gentry of | 

I. Ireland, fto. Ac. I LandoO, Printed by and lor J. Nichols, 
MDCCTAAXVll 

[DedicatedJ "To | The Right Honorable | Thomas Townshend Ix>rd Sydney | 
Baron Sydney | of Chislehur*t in the County of Kent. | one of Bis Majesty's prin- 
cipal SeereU»Ti»of Suite, | First Commissioner of the East India Board | and one of 
His Majesty's moet Honorable privy council | &c kc 4c." 

'• Bash, Aprils, 1787. [Signed] J. PiiRTWicn, Baronet." 



182 



President ffilJer's Address. 



[April, 



ADDRESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDER, PE 
DENT OF THE N. E. HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

[Delivered at the Annual Meeting, January 1, 1673-] 

Gentlemen- or the Societt : 

"i "i R courtesy and confidence Lave again imposed on me 
of a'Mi<- :m_- you in regard to tho present couditiou and the pTOSp 
live work of our association. By the reports which have just •■ 
milled, it will be perceived that the same spirit of tod eoterfuiee 

which has signalized tho progress of recent years, el r»- 

tious of Uie society ; that the several departments have been jud 
cared for by their respective officers ; and thai by a judicious manager U 
of our poonniary affairs our disbursements have been restrict eil to our income. 

Tlie society is now successfully carrying out the designs of its foul 
and realizing some <>f tl for which they labored so zealously in the 

beginning, ll is receiving the favor and patronage of the publie. and in 
return it is cooperating with individuals and institutions ul home and 
abroad in the acquisition of whatever may contribute to the compli 
of New-1 iry or the genealogy of her sons. It has furnished 

graii; leneeof its continued prosperity, and strengthened our hopes 

of its crowing usefulness, but it has not accomplished all ore desire. 

In me address of 1871] lbs menial wants of the society were alluded to, 
and the grant iinjmrtatice of supplying them as early as possible. Soinoof 
theso have si:' mne^DOl others remain, and should bo subjects for 

continued, |hu sistent effort. 

In the address of last year, I stab «l thai althoagfa our i want, 

that of a house, s most important achievement, hud been Mippii< i. 
next greatest necessity was tho acquisition of a permanem curator, under 
the tufa) of librarian, whoso labors might bo devoted to the speeia] supev- 
iutendence of the institution, and that a person of culture andcspuiitv for 
the-! i .f these duties could not be onto lint d without ; :i nn- 

peusation. Fortunately for the society tho present incumbent of tins office 
p .•-.-.• ■ ■■ . ill. ■■• i|ii.ii ; ii. atkn •. boJ (he tneaai of paying hu salary were to 
be acquired. A committee was therefore appointed for the purpose oi 
ing by subscription a permanent fund, and I am permitted to state that this 
call upon our members has been responded to with the same readiness and 
liberality whim i liaracterlsed tho noble subscriptions for the pmvhaeeof 
the Bodety'i Bouse. The sum of more tlian twelve thousand dollars has 
been promised by our friends, but as many of these had subscri «d SO 
recently for the purchase, of the House, and as most of them have beei 
ferera by the greet fire, it has not been deemed expedient to collect the 
money at (his time. That thi- sum. with Anther additions, will ultimately bo 
realized, and that we shall during the present year secure a pern 
for tin | • ,,!" the librarian I salary, I have no reason to doubt. 

In the address of 1H72 I referred also to theabsoluto necessity of arranging, 
classifying I ruing our booka, pamphlets and manuscripts, so as to 

make them accessible for Study in all tin of history and biography. 

These are increasing more rapidll than ever before, and are properly re- 

: the special supervision of the librarian. During tho last ye 
books have increased twelve per cent., and our pamphlets twenty per cent., 



1873.] 



President Wilder' s Address. 



183 



making of the former more than ten thousand volumes, and of the latter 
thirty-mar thooaend in number. This large collection of pamphl- 
invaluable, and their arrangement and classification are highly desira- 
ble in every point of view. They would, if that wore accompli nlied, he in a 
I'M. r condition for cataloguing, and for binding. If that shoold he deemed 
expedient. A catalogue would reveal the wealth of our collections and ren- 
der them useful. Another great fire might in a single hour sweep 
away our splendid collection of pamphh.-t.s, and without a rataloguo 
we should have a very imperfect knowl.-iige of what we possessed, and 
what, we had lost. It h rare that any historical society has fully dis- 
charged itB duty to itself or the country by the performance of this work. 
> be foremost in showing that we appreciate the value of our hidden 
treasures and let no reasonable effort be omitted to secure their useful- 
ness. In regard to our pamphlets I expressed the thought, that however 
valuable our books might he, these were, in many respects, equally so for 
ln-fMiical research, and that unless they were made accessible for study, 
they might as well have remained in their original depositories ns in our 
care. 1 regard the arrangement of its material as an imperative and indis- 
pensable duty of all historical societies, and I am happy to learn from our 
Industrious librarian, that he lias made Mich pMgffH in this line of Iftbi if 
ill at in a roasonalib: time ho will hav prepared a 
over] boos, pamphlet or other document in the archives of the 
society, thai giving to the student a key to the treasures we possess. 

Ii u proper that I should call your attention to th ■< ta\ of the 

liliiai v from other sources than gifts. I need not inform the mem- 
ber* of the ,(., i.ty. that there has beSB from its begitminy : lingly 
uniform ami omMant. growth in all the departim nt», in l»i mini v.. hum -. in 
pamphlets, m<l in maatMOriptB, And when we lake into consideration the 
large successions of the last year, I think we can safely eouW B\ DO -imilar 
growth in the future. Our mOO D not fail to place BpOD our shelves, 
the family and local histories, as they appear from time to time, and a con- 
siderable number of other volumes, which arc valuabl i lation 
of New-England history. Our deepest gratitude is duo to our associates, 
and to other gentlemen, for these annual gifts, and their names an 
I trust, will continue to be, honorably mentioned in our proceedings as 
benefactors of the institution. I5ut I think it will be plainly obvious, that 
tin-, method of enlargement will never build up a complete or exhaustive 
library in all, or even in any, of the departments of New-England history. 
To accomplish this, the works illustrative of our history which have been 
published, either in this country or on the other side of the Atlantic, man 
all bfl brOOgkl together, so that the student may avail himself of all the 
that has been incorporated into printed books, on any subject whal 
which it may be his duty or pleasure to investigate. 

A defect, I am told by writers of history, exists in most of the large and 
important hi Main in this country. They contain many valuable, and oven 
rare works. Bat there is not that completeness on the subject of American 
history which U desil ihle, tor the} have not been collected with the distinct 
purpose of making this department exhaustive. This state of tilings has 
rendered it necessary for scholars, either to abandon their purposo of 
writing, or else they have b.-eri compelled to expand largo e-uui.s of money 
in collect i eg ■ library of their own. This ought not to be. In thiametropo- 

lis. and in the care of this historical society of New-England, there should 
be a library as nearly complete in American history as it is possible 



184 



President Wilder'* Address. 



[Al 



to make it. And it should be open and free to ill (students and in 
gators. That tins achievement will be the great and distinguishing fea 
in the future career of this society, I have no doubt. It is impossible 
it should be otherwise. It is a want that cannot fail to be recognised, and 
ita recognition is an important step towards its accomplishment. 

It will not be difficult to see, from what I have already said, that a new 
departure will bo necessary in order to accoroi most desirable 

object. While the gifta of books and pamphlets will, I trust, increase year 
by year, tin i be an endowment yielding an annuity of not lea* than 

a thousand dollars, to be applied in adding to, and perfecting, all the 
departments of the library. A much larger sum than this could be 
expended at once with great advantage. Hut a sum not h sli will 

always be demanded yearly, to make the library really useful in the largest 
and best sense. It will not require a very largo outlay of money to make 
it better than any oilier in the country. But I hope we shall all of ns live 
to see our library, not merely the best, but one that shall furnish the 
facilities for the widest and profoundeet researches and investigation in 
American history; one to which xcholars will be attracted from all parts of 
the country, and where they will be able to remove all doubts, which can be 
solved by the records of written history. 

Oae of the prominent features of our institution is its genealogical 
department. Its object is to furnish the means of tracing out, gathering up, 
and transmitting to posterity the genealogy and history of our members, so 
that, not only they may know who were their ancestors, but their offspring 
through coming generations may learn from whence they were descended. 
English Heralds' College dates back more than eight centuries, and is still 
the great genealogical depository of our mother country, where the history 
of families may be found running back to very remote jjcriod*. 

The [Mirsouul history of our members is essential for this purpose. The 
knowledge liy our members, that the preparation of suitable memorial 
sketches inn I upon their willingness to furnish the materials, should 

stimulate all to aid in this work, and to do all in their power to enable 
the society to record in its annals, just, true and faithful accounts of their 
lives and characters, for the benefit of posterity. 

The . of a family is comparatively barren unless enriched by 

the intermingling of biographical sketches which may stand asjaml- 
marks in the uistory of a raco. Mere names ami dates do not. in any pro- 
per sen? e, make history or biography, and the living generation must 6*0 its 
duty to it.-.elf, that posterity may have those authentic memori 
no other source ran supply. This department is bocomiug more and more 
interesting Mid valuable, the importance of which was brought to the notice 
of the society, in the report of our corresponding secretary, last year. 

Genealogy, says one, has supplied many a hiatus in the page of history, 
and unveiled many a secret, spring whicli has Influenced the revolutioni 
human affairs. " Not to know what took place before one was born," saj 
Cicero, '• is to remain forever a child," caring notliing for the memories of 
ili.' past, uid hoping nothing fur tlio destiny of the future. tJi'iiealogy i* 
the record of a pur.- and I leaven-appointed relation ftn the improvement 
and per|ieluatiun of our race; a relation which constitutes the basis of all do- 
mestic happmeas 

The study of f:tiiiily-li^(i>rv . *aysonr associate, the Rev. Mr. Slafter," tends 
to elevate and ennoble the nature of man, and lift it up to a truer and 
loftier type." Yes, there is a virtue iu moral character aud christian 



1873.] 



President Wilder'* Addrett. 



185 



principle, both as it regards this life, anil that which is to come, which 

exerts a positive milium :■ througl i the gom ■<■ We 

cannot trace it down tlin.u^li the ,. abas* - ft tl <Ot to come. We know 
not who are to occupy OUT place* when we shall have passed from 
earth; I m t. this wo do know. thai. " aa face answeM k fait bo water." so the 
virtues of a righteous ami honorable ancestry are transmitted through 
the generations of their descendants : 

" And nre to us, as if a living tongue 
Spake from the printed leaves or pictured fneo." 

Thus the causo we seek to promote is intimately connected with the welfare 
of our race. I know not of a more cheerless reflection to a social 
being, than the thought of having no interest in the history of bis ancestry ; 
no affectionate regard for those who ore to follow him ; do record of where 
or what he has been in life, floating like a bubble on the stream of time 
into the ocean of eternity : 

'' Like (dupe dismantled that were bailed, 
But sent nu answer back again." 

In this connection I would state that the New-England Historical 
and Genealogical Register bas been published regularly during the year. 
The gratuitouH service* of its able and critical editor, and of its contributors, 
and the efforts of member* not only to aid but to induce others to assist in 
extending the number of •obaoribwa, should bfl gratefully appreciated, and 
thi-ir bfioH should bfl continued. The twenty-six volumes, which have 
been published, are a library in themselves, and they becomo more and 
more valuable from year to year. 8b other publication, that we know 
of, contains such an amount of material for genealogy, biography and his- 
tory, and the value of such a depository, so rare, and even unique, is more 
and mora appreciated in all historical studies. Every member of the society 
should b<! a student of history in every good sense. Let us all feel it a 
duty to be subscribers to the Register, and thus help to add another stone 
to the historic il iii'Mniiiii ■mi., which we are striving to erect, for the benefit of 
those who are to come after us. Although apparently limited to the pro- 
motion of a few objects, our Society affords opportunities to all its mem- 
bers to render essenii a 1 .i:il in placing di on imperishable record, 
that shall redound to the honor of their family, the glory of New-England 
and the benefit of our race. 

Peiinit im :ig : ,iu to call your attention to the importance of securing as 
soon as practicable the means, fin- obtaining paj»ers to be read at our monthly 
meetings, by our distinguished members and friends, who reside at 
a distance, as well as ftom those who reside in this city. True, we have been 
favored from month to mouth with valuable papers from gentlemen resi- 
dent here, but wo also desire to procure papers from eminent historical 
scholars of other states, and who should not be expected to incur the expense 
of both time and travel. 

It bas been my custom on former occasions, to confine my remarks to 
the business operations of the society, and by a review of our progress. 
and prosperity, encourage you to renewed exertions for the future. But I 
cannot pass in silence some events which have transpired during the past 
year: events which should have a record in our archives, and which will ever 
be memoi able in the historv of this city, and our country. 

Vol. XXYli. ft 



186 



President Jl'ilder's Addicts. 






I allude, first, to that wide Bpread epiiootic malady which threaleoe I 
annihilation of the noblest of our domestic animals ; which for a time pi 
ducod consternation and dismay in the marts of business ; which substituted 
the labor of men for that of leasts, and which imparted to our deserted 
street* n gloom never to he ftawutlau ; when tnon. who would not bear the 
vuke of kings, bent tin ir necks in harnessed team, and with the patient ox 
drew our merchandise through the streets, like funeral procession*. emWleina- 
tic of a departing trade and civili/atiim. Nor shouhl it be forgotten that 
the prostration of tho horse and tho delay occasioned by his withdrawal 
from net-vice, is regarded by many as one of the primary causes of the extent 
of our late groat conflagration, to which I shall soon allude. This disease of 
the horse first appeared in Toronto, Canada, about the middle of Octol*T, 
and immediately spread, within n>rty-cight hours, easterly to Montreal, west- 
erly to Detroit, southerly to Bulialo and Rochester, and in about three days 
after it reached the latter city, it struek the cities of New- York and Boston, 
from thence running through the country, and it has not yet entirely 
flha n paared (torn doi bordi n. 

When we reflect upon the beauty, docility, strength and speed of the 
horse; when we consider his adaptation to our wants, wants that cannot be 
supplied by any other animal ; how he has been admired in past ages as 

■ :\wi>luc of oil Uic train that wait on man;" 

bow much we have been I nd eb te d to this animal, H whoso legs are 
wheels, whose sinews are iron, and whose sficed outstrippcth thi :ind 

how nut li be tlM contribotad to flu wealth and comfort of our race, we may 
•ay, in the words of Edward Everett: — "Strike out from our ci\ 
what the horse has contributed, anil we thai] Bnd a surprising large l>Iauk." 
s i [d the Late Abbott Lawreuc- : " We talk in these modern times of n ' 

■-teain-cugitie and thn electric telegraph have done 1 loo, 1-nt 

the horse lias beenagreai< r otrilinrlfaan either the steam-engine or the olec- 
tric telegraph. We owe more to the horse for civilization than to all oil 
animals that aro within tho •! of man." 

We need not rajto 1 to tlie attachment of Biahop Heber to his favorite 
"Anili," |o illustrate the traits of this useful animal, traits wb: 
emulate and sometimes Burpass the things which give rank and title to 
beiugs of a higher order. Bui kindness, nuttrengih. his intelligence arid 
Valor liavu been celebrated in history ami in holy writ. lb >w grand the 
description given of him on thn tented tie Id : M His neck is clothod with 
thunder, the glory of his nostrils is terrible. He goeth to meet the arm 
men. He morketh at fear. He is not affrighted, neither turueth he back 
from fear of the sword." 

I cannot omit, in the proceedings of this day, a reference to what will ever 
be designated as the QflUsAf Boston FlU OF 1872. Accustomed as we 
have been to tho belief, that it would be impossible for the city of Boston 

to be the scene of a great conflagration, we find it difficult to comprehend the 
gigantic proportions, and ulterior influence of this sad disaster. On the 
night of the 9th and morning of tho 10th of last November, this awfully 
uiitoui tire struek the very heart of our beloved city, the magnitude of 
which has only one, if any, parallel in the history of this nation. No other 
city in our own, or indeed in any other country, possessed such con 
structures of architectural b— Bty and solidity, none of such massive 
granite ; and yet this stone seemed aa kindlings for the flame, and crum- 



1873.] 



nudmti 



|M 



hlr-d like powder before the devouring fire. And who that witnessed 
dm lenpoaf of il.-niK-. tli.-ii [arid yi:.i-. «ii<1 1-i.ilun . I (i.-h veiled 

the sun from our eye* at his ri .. . n 

the wild horror of the scene! Where only twelve hotBI before too 
elegant fttorea, the temple* of comnuM. . fa :!.. richest and fairest pi 
our city, now there were only to be MOD shape-lew ruina, six 

■ :. involving a loss of seventy I ic ' dred million* of 

dollars, and presenting a scene as though the battlement* of heaven had 

d nid our devoted cil y li "1 In en bombarded with lire mid shell, h- 

the tii il .-kill, etrjQgth, am <• a wreck 

of *h:tpdeM granite, smould. ring nun UHl -treetlea* contusion.' We would 

it "p mention the Kelf-.^uxilii-injj labor*, and the contributions mule 

by our Uuievolent men ami women in behalf of the sufferer* by this tire. 

Especially would we record the noble ma 'rwith which the hi.m limits and 

Other large losers met. the terrible ill il the true New-England energy 

ami i nt i|.iiM> by whieh moM of them are seeking to rebuild their store*, 
resume their business, ami recover their losses. 

But let no one believe that this strange calamity wa« permitted of God 

as a puni-luii'iit for our sins. No, no. This wa* a providence of our 

■ ly Father working according to established laws, or, I should rather 

lay, the operation of one of the infallible laws of His government, teaching 

us to build wiser and better in the future, proclaiming to us as tfo Hamea 

le ip< d i tii roof to roof, with tongue of fire. Not so high ! No more wooden 

Muns.irili Ih-mmkI tlie reach of water! No more cniitlagration-boxe'' on 

i'i "ii tops! This is the lesson which this fire teaches, and if we profit 

not by this terrible visitation in the better preparation for such an ami r- 

in the future, we may pray in vain for the Lord to keep the . itv. 

And ire may well bear in mind, that when the Lord maketh his ministers 

a famA Of lire, he will not &et bounds that they may not pa--, until the 

-uess of man is brought into ohedieuee to His laws. But while wo 

thus speak, let no city say that it is safe from a similar calamity. There 

ii nothing safe on earth; nothing sure but death ; nothing true but Be. 

But while we deplore the loss of many lives, the blotting out of so 
much wealth and elegance, und the misfortunes of so mauy who were yester- • 
day in ease or affluence, the sorrow and suffering of those whose investments 
raaiahed in the flames, let us.be thankful that so much is saved. Let 
grateful that our beloved city was not, like our sister city, Chicago, almost 
wholly destroyed ; that while some valuable private collections of books and 
art-treusures were lost by the lire, all our public libraries, t&QMBB 
galleries of art, our schoolhouses, all of our churches with the exception of 
the M.uerablo Trinity and St. Stephen's Chapel, most of our banks and 
hotels and all our shipping, were exempted from this direful calamity. 

We would not forger the evueroiis sympathy and aid which has been ten- 
dered to our city. A little more than a year since we sympathized with 
Chicago in the greatest lire that had ever occurred on this eoiititieoL Now 

:<>, and other cities at homo and abroad, extend the hand i : 
to Boston, and Unas these afflictions serve to bind not only our cities together 

' Tli.: wlmlr niimlMTof hnilrlinpi di-stToycil, cxrlutire of tlioae slightly damaged, was 
' were of brick and stone, and 67 of wood. The assessors' valuation 
of these buildings amounts to £13.591 ,300, and it U eftlmntcd that to replace them 
<ist at least 818.000,000. Tin: ratofl of personal property destroyed was about 
960,000,000. The number of estate? within the district covered by the fire was ahum .M0. 
Fourteen petseoi arc knowu tw have lost their live*, »ereu of whom were firemen.— Uayur 
Pierce' t Inaugural Addrett. 



189 



President Wddcr'a Address. 



[April, 



In affectionate ties, but tend to nnite the citizens of the whole world in one 
great family of life and love. These are the truthful words of Henry Ward 
Boucher: "God could not have laid the liand of fire on any other •iiv that 
would have tonohad the vital cord of sympathy »o widely as this, It 
a local calamity, it is national. It touches the heart of every HMD thac 
rejoices in refinement, that loves what is noble in American history." 

On clii- Net Years' Day, permit me to offer to yon. p. at] f the 

■Odetji my cordial salutations, with my sincere desire for the personal hap- 
piness of all our members throughout the states. When we consider that 
this is a New- England association, that its home is in the great metropolis 
of hur territory, and that on its roll of memhers is inscribed tin names of 
several hundreds of hcrsons, let these considerations animate us with renewed 
r.eal for its continued usefulness ; so that future generations shall record with 
gratitude tho names of those who now labor lot the preservation of our 
history, as we do tho memories of those who laid tho foundations 
institution. In our progress we may meet with delays and disappointim-nta, 
but let not these discourap 

"' Let us, still, be op and doing, 
With a heart fur any fate ; 

Still achieving, still pursuing, 

Lorn t<> tabor and ■ 

But while we acknowledge with sincere gratitude the liberality which has 
contributed so largely to our funds, the untiring and gratuitous labors of 

our associates SO generously rendered in our behalf, the interest, sympathy, 

end other proof* which onset and encourage us in our nook work, let 
dj ramembex that the prosperity and usefulness of our associ.< 

depend mainly BDOO the enterprise, energy and perseverance of its Wnrk- 
ing members. Ami what iiiiu-i' dutiful or grateful service ran »'■ 
our kindred or country, than to hand down to posterity a record of the 
times, precepts and deeds of a virtuous and patriotic ancestry ! What more 
philanthropic duty than to transmit to future generation- the history of our 
own New-England, from which have emanated, more than from any other 
source, tho principles which have made our Ulov.il nati. in wbal it is! In 
the language of another: " Her history is written in the best tiling* that 
hav In fallen this laud.'' 

And what son of New-England does not feel the thai rests 

npon him! Said Daniel Webster, at Plymouth Rock, " Next to a sense of 
religious duty and moral character, I hardly know what should Iwar with 
more obligation on a liberal and enlightened mind, than a consciousness of 
alliance with excellence which has departed, and a consciousness that it 
may be actively operating on the happiness of those thut are to come alter 
us. It is neither false or vain to consider ourselves as interested, and 
connected with our whole race, through all time, allied to our ancestors, 
allied to our posterity ; ourselves being but links in the gnat chain of being, 
which begins with the origin of our race, rung onward through its suco 
generations, binding together tho past, the pr e s e nt, and tho future, nud 
terminating at last with tho consummation of all things earthly, at the 
throne of God." 



1873.] 



Note* and Qutrie*. 



1 81 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Mortn Family. — I hnve taken the following abstract from the records of Now- 
I/mdon, Conn., vul. iv. p. I :— 

"Toall christian primle in whom these present* shall come, Greeting, Know 
yee that 1 Hugh Mould of New-Lin«l m lonj of < ouDectioal shipwi 

being now iii possession of the hull of tho good sloop Dulled the I harlot ol 
London, built by mo for the proper account of Charles Hill 4 Christopher Christo- 
phers " 4c. 4c. " In testimony whereof I hn\« hr-ii iiniu gal my baud 4 seal in 
New London thin 2' 1 day of Jau T in the three 4 twentieth year of the reigne of our 
anrreignA Ix>rd Oharlea the & of England, Scotland, Franco 4 Ireland, King; 
Anno Domini 1071-8." nod] " Ucou Motrin.' 

KxiiniiiiiriK further mv memoranda from the New-London records I find tho follow- 
ing retntive to the Mould Family : 
Vol. It. p. 39.— Hugh Mould of Barnstable was marriod to Martha dau. of John 

Cuit June II* 1602 
Susanna, dau. of Hugh 4 Martha Mould, waa born Apl. 2° 1603 
Marv, ' 

(P. 10) 
Hon, son 

(p. 41) 



July 26* 1065 
Oct. (middle) 1667 
May 8* 1670 
Dec 25'" 1674 
Feb 7* 1676-7 



Christian, dan " •« « " « " 

(p. «) 
Martha. " «« " " " " " 

(P 
Jane, " " " " " " " 

(p. 47) 
Heater, " " " " " " " " Aug. 27«> 1681 

(p. 55.) Clement Miner 4 Martha Mould, m* Aug. 4 s * 1008 

On Records of Middktown, Conn., 1 find : 
Daniel While and Susanna Mould, of New London, ma March 1683 
Capt. W" Savage and Christian Mould M " " " May 6* 1696 

I tin.il no trace of male descendants of this name ; but from the female branches, 
they may l»e numbered by thouMttAfc 

As thib Hugh Mould was, through his four daughters, the ancestor of many of our 
Connecticut families (my own, among the rest), any earlier information rcfutivo to 
him. will much interest many readers of the Rkoistkk. 

Chicago, Ftii. 1873. Edwix Hitbbakd. 

NoRTTiFxn ash Wicai.KswoRTn. — John Northend and Edward Northend were 
witnesses to the will of William Wielwiworth of Shipden, pariah of llalifnx. York- 
shire, aWland. wblob will is dated 16 October, 1590. Can the early m i 
Bowle>' , week 1 Ts 1 1 l.-nul, bo traced to either of the above persons or to that locality ? 

Does not this connection of the names of Wiglcsworth and Northend. and the 
subsequent appearance of one of the latter name in any of the Kev. Krekicl 

Rosens nt Rowley, lend a shade of to Um ih---iy broached by Mr. Dean 

in bis Memoir iff Rev. Michael Wiggle&oorth (page IS), that WiggleswoTth may 
have tome nvcr witli Rogers? The above testator, William WuMWOrth, calls 
Edward Northend his brutucr-in-luw. John Si. Braobobt. 

Ipsiekh, Mass. 

Hbalby-Wimutk. — [R»ar*rra, ante, p. 61, note.]— The special and formal invita- 
' the Res-. Paino Wingate, there printed, waa only part of a violent quarrel 
about the situation or location of the meeting-house at Hampton Falls. \\ ingate 
and Col. (afterward Pre*.; BMboOb Weare lived nt what wa» then, and id DOW 
known u« Brimstone Hill, where the old meeting-house was, and th< 
Strung party in I tabling it there. The people at the ii|-i" 

town, after some difficulty, secured: the erection of a new meeting-house nearer the 
of the town, anil I think Winjrate )>ointr.lly rrtuwd to preach there, llenco 
the formal invitation. and linallv Wingate * leaving in little more than a year. 
Nathaniel Haley should be llealcy. Cant. Nathaniel Ileal cy was an active and 
Vol. XXVII. 17* 



190 



Notes and Queries. 



[April, 



influential man in town, and although then advanced in years {he was lorn in 1687^, 
was earnest in the proiect for tlie new meeting-lwuse again** Weare, who was* cousin 
of his .second wife, and the minister. Stephen Haley (Haley should be Htaity) wee bis 
•on. I : i., who had married a water of Pre*. Wear*, resided in KenOngton, 

and took no part in the content. Both maating-hoaati are now gone. My cousin, 
"Welles Weare lien ley, too,., resides on the spot where the new nieeting-bous*, 
which hie great-grcat^grandfather was interested in building, stood. 

Aft«-r Wingate went away, the new and not the old tnecting-hoose wa* used. 
Ertl<r, N. II., Jun. 1873. J. H*ix. 

English Schools'. — In Lysnn'p Magna Britannia. London, 1810, vol. ii. pp. 
743-4. appear* the following record, un ad of Cheshire: 

" The townNhip of Putt-'Shrigh/v Ii. * about four miles and » hnlf, N. X. E. 
Macclesfield. * * • In this township is a school founded in 1684 by J..hn 
"Barlow nnd endowed with a Tent-charge of 10 for the master and Sua. to bny book*. 
Mr William Lunt, in 1688. cave a rent-charge of £2 per annum to this -•!■ ..1. 
Beristnll or Berixtow Hall ir. me for many year* the scat of a younger 

branch of the Shriglcy family, which *iu not exliuct in 1602, when the iiail waa 
aold to Aldnnnan Lunt, of Macclesfield, ete." 

ho*t. — " The townships, of which one is a chapelry, comprised in the parish of 
Sefton, are— 

r.mir. In».-BlundHl. Little Crcsby, Crreat Crosby (C.), I.ithnrland, Orrtll and 
Ford, NetherUin, Ainslec. Thorn tuu and Scptou. Lunt is a «uinll township, 

!y gave name to a family of whom was Ricliard de Lund, who had by gift of 
Nicholas Bluudell all his right in the landt of Great Croshr, which Richard 
clerk, had of the gift of Agnes, his mother, in 1th Bdw. Ill (1331). " Trad 
unsupported by evidence, states that the heiress of Lunt married a Moliueux, to 
account for the possession of the township hv the earl of Sefton, whose ancestors 
liave from timi' iinnicmorial been superior lords oi the pariah. Lunt 11 Ol 
of the twelve dwellings which compose the village or hamlet, i* the residence of 
Mrs. Margaret Boutle. '— Barnes s Lantathire, vol. iv. p. 213 (1836). 

BrsHjmx — Criswoi.d— BruuLKY — Robbins.— The Rev. F. W, Chapman, of 
Rocky Hill, Conn., has been engaged fur some time in collecting materials for 
genealogies of the above named families, and the volumes will bo given to the prens, 
separately, as soon as completed. All members of these families, or others i 
information of a genealogical or biographic*] nature, axe requested to forward the 
same and their suoscripiions to his address, as above. 

Harbis.— Who was J. Harris, of Ipswich, that married Dr. Benjamin Franklin'* 
half sister, Annie Franklin ? a. j. s. 

Omens or to* U. S. Fmoatx Kssfv, Hit 11, 1801.— I send yon enclose*! an 
1 1 return of the officers who were attached to the U. 8. Frigate Bates, in Near- 
York, on the 11th of May, 1801, after her return from her first cruise, and whoa 
being prepared for another. 1 have appended some notes to each name, showing 
their further naval hUtf.ry, which I hnvc derived from Mechlin A. Winder's timcrSt 
llegisier of the. Savy and Marinr. Corps from 17'JH to 1847. [See next Dago. — Kd.1 

Lieut. Tew was a midshipman on hoard the fclsecx on her Bret cruise. RioJara 
Butler shipped on Iward of hpToa a master's mute at Cape Town, March 26, 1B0O. 
lie wo* a eon of Gen. Butler of the Revolutionary army. Midshipmen " Seal 
"Shnttuck," " Rowo" and " Randnll " iv..n- ;il».i midshipmen on lxxird the Essex 
on her flint cruise. Midshipmen Henry end Merrill were ordered IV. .m the ■ 
-., ol i- nt." Other officers joined the ship in Norfolk, where " Rainhridge " r. I 
" PreMe" of the command. It is said that Bernard Henry and the late Commodore 
Jos. Biddle were both in love with the same young lodv, and that, unable to give 
the preference to either, she informed them that she would marry the one who would 
give evidence of his superior attachment to her by resigning from thr • 

resigned, and won hi* fair prize; while Biddle remain. Ui the 

Bervice, and gained undying honor in the war of 181-J— 1 1 which immediately ensued. 
Henry and Biddlo remained good friends through life, nnd Henry's children were 
remembered by Briil! m I i in will when he died. Henry wa* Commo.i i 
secretary while the latter was governor of the navnl a»vlum in Philadelphia ia 
1840-44. c. a. p. 






192 



Nate* axtl Queries. 






Havvth— Wiu-onos.— In Haydpn Genealogy (Stflm's Windsor rou- 

Cai. ami <j KNtALOGiCAt RuGtSTEB, Vol. iiv. page 304, and Savage'- illiam 

Ilavdcn, emigrant of 1830, in. second, Margaret, srid. of William t\ ila.«clutin, 
who emigrated in " y ship Planter 8° Apruts 1635, ir. St Albur -Lire, 

Eng." This William VV ilcockwn settled in Strattord. and i- the William men- 
tioncd on page 82, N. K. (lis. and Get. Rrr... 1873 -on of 

i " 1 1 numb, dau. of William and Mary Wilcos»»u (then spelled W iltwck- 
Bon) , March 17, 1004. Can any of jour readers give me any records of chis W illiam 
W. and his descendants other than Satan gives? Is the John W., page 83 of 
RaoisTxa, 1873, tho tun John who emigrated with William in 1035, then aged " 9 
yean " ? Is Savage correct in hia record of Wilcockaon's family ? 

IIatubn—Bisskll.— Esther Uavden, of William (sup.), dau. of Lieut. Daniel 
(Stilca's Windsor) and Esther (Moore) Haydrn, m. Copt Ehenexer Fitch Uttecll, 
distinguished in the Revolutionary War. Can any one add to the record which 
Stile* sivw of Buwell arid hi* de»rrtidanM? 

aIatidv— Kviis.— Jcrurfinllnyden, neoond dnu. of Daniel and Esther II., tn. Col. 
Roger K: i ^ [iftarivd Gene nil), t'. S. Army, 1771. Can any one add (<• : 
record of lii-neral Knos; or irtve whereabouts of any descendant of BiaaeU or of 
IW 

HaTPI WgQW — Roiiimsok — In addition to the above, I want recorda of the 
il William ilayden, 1030. Windsor. Conn. ; of Chi ind Robin 

New-Jersey and Delaware ; and any infornintion that will aid to complete • 

gvru-:i:,.irv .1 : l i<- lin iU n: ..\. i \\ lIIii.ji ilinu. ii 

PoinTPltasant, West Va., 1873. [Rev.] Uo»ac» Eoww Uatdkx. 

PoTTiat. the Rev. Isaiah, waa a native of Plymouth, Conn., graduated at Tale 
College in 1 7d7, studied theology with Dr. SmaUey. of Berlin, Loon., and waa a 
fellow atadent with Dr. Nathaniel Emmons. Two "of his brothers were olao minis- 
ters. He won ordained a» the first settled minister of the town of Lebanon, N . II ., 
(in l!n- li'h .if.Jiih, IT?'.'. T!u: MTI iOH un this occasion UKik place in the open air, 
on a stage erected beneath a law elm tree, standing on the hank of the i 
river. Thin tree was standing in 1861, but was removed before 1867, having becvuno 
much decayed. The ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. Mr. Oleott, of 
Choximtowa, N. II. 

In addition to £02 granted by the proprietor" towards the settlement of the firtt 
minister, the town voted to give Mr. P. £38. His annual salary was £50 far Ma 
years, ami then to increase five pounibi annually up to eighty. On this »-niall euro 
he brought up a family of bar children, and educated two sons a - I 
College. Truly, this was the day of small things. In hia lost days a cloud settled 
upon nis mind, disturbing his reason. He dtod suddenly, at Lebanon, July 2, 18 17, 
aged 71, having been thr pastor of this ohoiCrj almut forty-five years. 

Mr. Potter married Elizabeth Barrett, duughter of John Barrett, Esq.. <•( North- 
field, Mass. Their children were : 

Barrett, born in Lebanon, N. H.. May 8, 1777, graduated at Dartmouth College 
in Lfn, and died in Portland, Me.. Wbn November, I WW, Aged rfH.— John, born 7th 
Of April, 1787, graduated at Dartmouth College in 1800, and died in Augusts 
11th of May, 18ti5, aged 78. — Elisabeth, married James Howe, and died in Le 
— Thomas," met with on accident trbso a ohQd, which subsequently d< , 
him i if his sight, and he bos been totally blind furmony years. 

Mr. Potter published the following sermons : ( I ) preached before Franklin Lodge, 
Hanover, June 24th, 1NG2 ■ fgj nt tin- lumralof Joel Marsh, ' 1. 1 l Ith, 181 1 
at the annual Fast, March 25th, 1813 ; (4) at the funeral of two jOana HMD who 
were drowned in April, 1703. Thomas WiTtttttir, 

Binwsxr..— Of the author of the diary on page 153, we have the following 
genealogical information, from Mr. E. W. Bidwell, of Providence — 

Adonyah Bidwell, burn in Hartford. Com)., 19 Oct. 1716. and d. in Monterey, 
Mass., 2 June, 1781 j mar. M Oet, 1758, Theodosia Cotton, horn 13 May. 1781, and 
d. H June, 1759; no issue. He mar. second. 16 Oct. 17G0, Jemima Devotion, bom 
13 May, 1727, and d. 7 Feb. 1771. His first and second wives were fir>t ooumno, 
and they wero both tirst cousins of Pres. Stiles, of Yale. Tlio Devotions were a 
Huguenot family. Jemima was born in Sheffield, Mass., and d. in Hartford, west 
drnsion. Theod'win Cotton waa a dau. of the Rev. Benjamin, of Hartford, and hod 
the reputation of being a poet of merit. 



1873.] 



Notts and Queries. 



193 



Children by second wife: Adonija.li, born Aug. 1701, and d. 14 Feb. 1837; 
Baruabas. b. S3 Aug. 1763, ond d. 27 July, 1833 ; Jemima, b. 26 Jan. 178S, and d. 
28 Jan. 1812 : 1 'I . 2ti Not. 1766. nnd d. 5 April, 1811. 

Ho mar. third, 28 Oct. 1778. Ruth Kent, born 1730, and d. Doc. 1815, of Suffiuld. 
Con. 

The Rev. Adonnoh's pedigree is as follows : — 

1. John Bid well, oooof the first sottlers in Hartford, Ct., 1639, and the ancestor of 
all of tin- BUM In tin- county (except two very small families, one from Walce and 
the other from Ireluiid, lint ol English decern i ). 

2. John Bidwcll, of Hartford. 

3. Th'tna- Bidwcll, father of the Rev. Adnnijnh. Ha waa born in Hartford. 
87 Dee. ir,s.>; d. 1710; mar. 28 March, 1707, Prudence Scott, b. M68, and d, 
M Feb. 1783. Children :— 

A child born 29 May, 1710,d. 20 May, 1710; Thomae.born lOMuy. 1711. d. 1746; 
Abigail . born 18 Aug. 17 13, prohahly d. voting ; Jonathan, born 12 Jan. 17 15, proba- 
bly 3. JOOBg : Adonijoh, born 18 Oct. 1716, d. 2 June, L7EM 

The i d in I bin ford, and he had * store north of tin* State Bonn between 

Exchange Corner and the Ihirilonl BUk. Ho was also nn owner of trading vessels, 
and waa lost at sea in 1716, while on a \oyogc to the Harbadoos for rum or sugar. 

The Rev. Adonynli was a posthumous sou. He graduated at Yale m II W . in 1741 
he taught school nt Hnrtforu ond Hartford weet division (now West Hartford). In 
1741 he served aa clmpltiin on the Ct. colony aloop, 20 weeks. In 1745 he served ia 
the BRUie Cft|iiicil.y 89 Ml ks, nnd in 1747 he MTTSd 1H weeks, making ' < weeks ; for 
which I i in* plunder. During part of 1746 b 

school iu Winlunbury, Ct., in 1747 in Simabury, and in 1747-8 in Went Hoi 
lie waa nrdainod in 17 1 lb preached in Sirnabury, Ct., between 1747-50, 

and in 1749 he preached SB Sunday* in tUndttbook, N. V., fot ffbJofa he received 
£189. 

Sept. 25. 1750. tho church in Tyringham, Mass. (now Monterey), wub organized 
under him with eight members, arid ho waa installed 3 Oct., 1750. The foundations 
of the old I'hiirch eoiild, in |rt"»4, I nn the lull above lli« "old III I 

house." His house stood about N. E. by E. from the ehurob-yard. The only 
remains of bia house, in 185-1, was a pile of stones which partly tilled up the cellar, 
and some remains ol" tlie garden, in which were still growing a few currant ami 
gooseberry baSMs and rose trees. His eon llarnabns was BMBV I Of 1 
mam., ttAOnm ^m mu vl' Mass., aud member of congress from Mass.; and his 
eon. the late MmwhH Spring Bidwcll, was for a long time speaker of the assembly 
in Canada, and afterward, in New-York, was one of the must eminent in his pro- 
fession, lie was born 16 Feb. 1709. and died 21 Oct. 1873. He mar. 1 Sept. I«18, 
Clara Wilcox, who waa bom 1 Sept. 1708, and died 23 April, 1862. Ho was bom 
in Stockbridgo, Mew. He removed from Canada to Now-\ork in 1838. 

Lxlaxd, PATnxtat^— In the elaborate and carefully prepared genealogy of the Rico 
family (18581, edited by the late Hon. Andrew Henahaw Ward, is to be h.und, on 
page 7 (family of Matthew Rice), the youngest child. "Patience, bom March 5, 
1071." She is denominated in the will of her lather, in 1716, " Patience Lciaml '' 
and became the inheritor of a tract of territory in the town of Framinghoin, culled 
Indian Head. 

It may not be amiss to state that investigations show the alliances of said IV 
extended cm page 33, with the names of Holbrnok as of her first marriage and 
JloptstiU Lclana as second, are erroneous. Ebenezcr Lelnud was the husband of 
Patience, who heenme his ecoond wife, and she hnppena to be overlooked in Judge 
Leland'a tabular pedigrees. Prof. Morse allows MSOad wife, but renders her name 
Patience Hjfnn (ptwibly she may have been a widow) ; ami Dr. Savage 
the same designation, seemingly warranted by finding on the first page of bis fourth 
volume a S,\bin with the same pr. I; ;.. t I [rjiaffli id ol tfOte Hill aliinnce. 

It finally appears evident, and it may help mm who trace pedigrees, or search the 
trnnsAn «f tlie land title, to state that the Middlesex Heeds, vol. xxv. 495, exhibit 
the sale by Tbnt, Surio and wife Deborah . Dorothy Wuro, and Ebenczcr Iceland with 
wife Patience (the bflin of Motthrw Rice), to Joseph Stone. Jr., of taxingum, of 
" the Indian head form " of 150 acres, Ac. Ac. ; dated April 2, 1722 ; recorded 
1726. w. 



Hi vrrsoroN Familt Memoir. — The second edition of this work to now nearly 
ready fur the press. At least four reasons seem to justify this re-issue. First, tlie 



194 



Soft* and Qu&ics. 



[April, 



Second, the 

i proems o! the family since the first edition was issued in 1863. Fourth , 
the promise ofmany additional engravings for the new edition. 

Additional item ; the latest changes in families iN-lon^inn to the name, 

will stall men the author, the Rev. E. B. Huntington, Stamford, Coon., in oeaeou 
for insertion. 

Imiah.— Can any render of the Regime* inform roe whBt became of Robert I sham, 
aged 14, who left London, for Virginia, Aug. 1635, in theahip M Globe," Jeremy 
Blockrnan, master? 

Alao, wl»o were the anrwator* of Joaeph Isham, of Colchester, Conn , who had B> 
ton Joseph about 1734-4? Ralpb Isuak. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 1873. 

Knapp.— For aomo years I hare bee materials for a genealogy of the 

descendant* of Win. rtnapp, who settled in Wntertown, Maw., about 1630. All 
persons of the name of Knapp are invited to coramunieato wl«\t tbey may know in 
regard to their ancestor*. Any information, names, dates or places, even though 
within a generation, will he gratefully acknowledged. Akthck M. KnajT. 

52 Montgomery St., Boston. 

Tas Bovrox MtxisTxss.—Tbe following version of the firat poem on the Boston 
Minister* was found among the private papers of the Rat. Samuel Cook.-, ol 
an account will be found in the Cutttt Fttrntlij. pp. SflO-5, He waa the first minister 
(1739-83) of the Second Prtcin.-t in Cambridge, now Arlington, Mass., and wna an 
anient revolutionary patriot. The papers were loaned me by the late Mia* Anna 
Bradsliaw (b. 1786, d. 1869), the lost surviving grandchild of the Bar. Mr. Cooke; 
and, after I had used them, they were returned to Wm Bradshaw. It will be 
noticed that kbit taw toi fiflan in "several particular* from both of those given in the 
Rxcistes, vol. xxv. p. 430. Wouas It. I'lrru. 

Lexington, Mass. 



Here", puny Ji.lm from Northampton 
A lukcnarni, inrMlcTatc man, 
Hiii rnllcaiEiie nioot li wMtOtd doubt 
Rank'd with a Tory clan. 

There's puffing P«m, who docs condemn 
All IJbcrtle's true sons; 
Ami Andrew Bry who on draws nigh 
To Tommy's skin aud bonus. 

Old Mather'* rare will not dbgracc 
Their nnhle |*.tlirree; 
Ami Charle* Old Brkk, both well and slek, 
Will crj 1 far Liberty. 



Little floppcr If yon think proper. 
In Li 1 1 

And John Old Horth of little [worth], 
icrlncc for gold. 

In Prattle Street we seldom meet 
'A .tli "liver- tonctud Sam. 

• t»*een the tides, 
Au.t »o eicanea a Jam . 

Tennrl Puff I* hearty enough, 

Ami «o L« Simeon Hnwiiol : 

Ani li.nc lane Teapie will join the League, 

That Freedom mar be ours. 



Ctuwroan's ExpHornox.— " An Historical Account of Col. William Crawford's 
Expe.lili.iii njtniittt Sandusky, in 17S2. l!v C. W. Hntterfield." 

It is proposed to publish a work hearing the nbove title, in one vol. 8vo., of about 
350 pages, printed <m tinted paper, neatly hound in English cloth, gilt top, nnd 
uncut edges, or entirely uncut, as soon as a sufficient number of subscribers can be 
secured. Price, $3.50. Payable on delivery. 

Crawford's Campaign waa one of the most notable of the distinct military enter- 
prises of the Western Border War of the Revolution, On account of : 
of autli'in; i ied statements relating to it, the author has been onmpallecT, 

from the commencement, to depend, to a considerable extent. upon authorities in 
manuscript. Nor can thk be n-^retted ; as it has caused the pushing of im> 
Hone, whenever practicable, to fountain sources. Tradition* have been 
upon, only when better testimony wiw wanting ; and not oven then, without are- 
ful consideration and the closest serntiny. 

The melancholy death of Orawr<»rd caused a profound sensation throughout the 
a. So prominent a soldier and i Itiaen had not, during the revd 
met such a cruel fate. It took a strum; and lasting hold upon the sympathies of 
the people. Th* writer has attempted faithfully to re.N.rd the lending i; 
his life, and to narrate, with particularity, the eircuuislanccs attending its close. 



1873.] 



N. E. Historic, Gtmeaiogkal Society. 



195 



In the preparation of the work, the author has endeavored to give the real mo- 
tives which actuated the patriotic borderers in their inarch into the wilderness. 
He has sought, also, by untiring effort, to bring before the puhli, .nilnrs 

of tba campaign aa warned, worth] of perpetuation. It i» believed, t!u-ri-i«>re,_ as 
much rt-liiibility liua been fltttiitieu us well could be, concerning events occurring 
..*• western frontier of our country during tlio turbulent period of 
it* >*trupglc fur independence. 

iy StUnfrijitinns by librarians and others interested should be tent to Robert 
Clark d- Co., Cincinnati, O. 

Washucrn.— The common ancestor is Jons. who. by tradition, was the secretary 
Mavvu'lmsotta Company. He settled iu Duxhury prior to 1632, mid wn* one 
ui the Bret settlers in Bridgcwator. He hud u. .son John, who is ancestor to moat if 
n^t nil of the name in the Doited States. Front John, through his son Samuel, came 
. lute governor of Maine; Cadwallader C, now governor of Wisconsin; 
IX* hu B., minister -at Paris; and Charles A., late minuter at Paraguay,— all 
brother*, and sixth in descent from John. 

From John, through bis BOD Joseph, came JZmory, late governor of Massachusetts, 
fifth in descent from John ; William It., BOW gafSBDOI of MoasachuacUa, niilli in 
descent from John ; and Piter T. {ante, xxv. 'Ml), late governor of Vermont, sixth 
in descent from John. t. 



NECROLOGY OF N. E HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by tbe Rev. Dokcs Clabjle, DJD., Historiographer. 

Eatox. — The Hon, Lilley Enton was born in that part of Reading, Ma., lately in- 
corporated as a town by theuitiueof VVukcfieM, Juu. 13.1802.and died there Jan. Mi, 
1878, at iii,- age of .-.i-.-i'iity •.■;:.•■- II, flaWQCUi I • r In- paternal side, from Jonas 
who OSSM from England and settled in IteadinK. Hi; w.is on arlfcat 

settlers of that town, lie was made freeman in 1653, was afterwards chosen a 
:-«. li • luiiiu. aud died in 107-1. Jouas had a sun by the name of Jonathan, who waa 
ban in UfiSi Jonathan had a son by the name of Noah, who was born in 1704. 
Noah htul a sou by the BUM of Lilh-y, who was born in 1738. Lilhy had a son by 
tin: name of Lillev. who wus born in 17iW, and Lilley bad a sou by the name of 
Lilley, who was bM father of Mr. Katon, the subject of the p>«MB 

Mr. Baton, "ii iln in -.iv-:'n:il side, desrended from Nathaniel Evans, v. b ,. 

iiinily tradition. came to Una ountry _from Wales, with hi* hither Ueury 
Evans, and settled in that part uf Maiden which is now called tlreenvv 

Mr. Eaton was educated in tin- public schools in Reading, and was fitted I 

Hmdfiird Aendeiny, under Hint diatingnished instructor, Benjamia (Jreen- 

laafi i i. ■ ,n-. ,, mil,- ,1 tli>- i|i -ilh ..t In- 1'iitlnT, In- ;ili;in,|,,ii. ,i (I,.- i.i.-;, nj | |,-,v. 

fessional life, and entered upon mercantile pursuits in the town of his nrttiv ii . 
was subsequently elected cashier and treasurer of several corporations in that town. 
From 1827 to 18*9. ana from 1851 i,, i--.il. In s, rved Che town as one of the select- 
men, and from 1839 to 1849 he was town clerk. He also served the town in 
Other municipal capacities. From 1831 to 1835, and from 1845 to 1848, he was a 
representative in toe general court, and in 1838 and 1839 he was | ,.f tbo 

senate, lie was also a member of the convention which revised the constitution of 
Massachusetts in 1853. 

Mr. Eaton edited the fit- Centennial CtlAration of thr. Inrarporatifn of the Old 
Tow* "/ Urailm;/, May 2fl, 1814. He tiluo had nearly oumpletodj al the tUH of bis 
■ lr-.il ! i , a History of Reading, including the towns of Reading, Wakefield, and North 
Reading. 

Mr. Lilley Enton was married to Miss Eliza Nichols, daughter of Samuel and 
Rliiabetb Nichols, Nov, 11, (804. Mrs. Eaton is still living, They bad four chil- 
dren, namely : 

Henry Lilley Enton, born June 27, 182B; Stilhnan Augustus Eaton, horn Jan. 25, 
1828; Everett Webster Eaten, boin July 9, 1835; and Chester W Eaton, l>orn Jan. 
13. 1839. 

Mr. Enton died suddenly of paralysis ; and the announcement of his unexpected 



N. E. Historic, 



log* 



fmttjft 



demise called forth many expressions of sorrow from his fellow *bo had 

known him inti <aed him highly for U>c intrinsic excellences of 

his character, and for his vide usefulness in so many important sphere*. 
ISonnrr raid — 

"Of Um iitifled with the history of our town, the name of 

Dm. I.illev Eaton appears more conspicuous than that of any Other ; frw persons 

bate DM Son i his townsmen, and none have been chosen by tbetn 

till p Miuona Of tru^t ;ind honor. And it may further be added thai 

very few arc to be louud so capable of filling them. 

'• Hut he was distinguished must preeminently fir his intimate knowledge of 
evcrytliin .- to our local history, eren to the genealogical fl ries 

of every one descended from the settlers or iormer rc*:<lent> oioar town. He was 
often mure familiar with such histories than the individuals immediately concerned, 
and wits comidered an anthority to which any one might go for information on 
such matter*."' 

TheaudUUvrsofthetownofWakeSeld.whohadlongbeenassr^intr^iwith Mr. Eaton 
in officinl relations, bear the following testimony to hi- character and worth : — 

" W( ^!i dJ trrts remember, with mini imt ion. "the faithfulness and seal which he 
manifested in uflict^ oftrostand bonor. nil . i advice, hit enmeat 

advocacy of time which was good, hifl kindly and generous aid of benevolent insti- 
tution 1 ! and operation*, and es]M remarkahle cheerfulnefs, equanimity and 
good nature, which made him so valuabloas a citizen and neighbor, and so euuipaa- 
ionabloasn friend." 

Mr. Eaton wii* elected a resident member of this society, March 3, 1870. 

Farwkll.— The Hon. Stephen Thurston Farwcll, of Cambridge, was the eon of 
Dei on John Farwell, of Fitchuurg, Mai i.,and w»s born to that place. J int -i. 
1805. His grandfather was Deacon John Farwell, of (iroton, Mas*. 11L-. mother 
WHS Hnnnnh Thur-t. in, ■■( I 

His early life was passed in Fitch bun;, whore he engaged in trade, and became 
captain of the military company in that place. At the age of SB he removed to 
Cambridge, and was el first occupied is mercantile aflaire. In 1834, he was mar- 
ried t.. .i«th Carlton Todd, of Rlndge, N. II. 

In 1-37, ho was made a deacon of the Congregational Church in Can- 

bridge, which office he held for the long period of 35 years, till his death. In 1845 he 
was made treasurer "1" the Aniericnu BdaoaOoo Society, and i in this 

office till his dentil. In 1848 ho was made the gencnil agent of the Massachusetts 
Bible Society, snxiliary to the American Bible ; New-York, >ffioe 

also he retained n|i in ilu! linw iif liis dwith. In 1870, on occasion of the death of 
Uenjumin Perkins, Esq., long treasurer of the Massachusetts Home Mi-^iouaie 
Society, -Mr. Furwell was chosen in his place, and added this to hit other offices. 
He I sua been engaged in the settlement of various estates, and 

nt the time t if bis dnit h hud important private lm«t< In his keeping. For *orae 
years be was a member of the Massachusetts house of representative*, and also el 

lie was a man greatly beloved and (flatted, nnd never disappointed those who pot 

confidence in him. Modest and retiring in hi« di*i>o*ition, no was able, competent 

Eaithful in all the business of his lift*, uri excellent citizen, and u uio-t worthy 

inn gentlemnn. 

Ilr dieil ut I i- hones la Cambridge, Oct. 30, 1879, leating a widow and two 

1 u, a son and a daughter. Two other children died in early life. 
Be was admitted a resident member, March 17, 1862. 

IlAitROD.— Henry Haired, Esq.. F. S. A., who was admitted n corresponding 
member of this society Oct. II, 1854, wuahorn in Aykhiun, ••,, Norfolk, England, on 
the 30th Ssptembet, 1817, and died on the tilth January, 1871, at tho age of fiit>- 

tlm. \..-n-.. 

He ma BdnCahad in Norwich, England, and practised as a B"i 
many years. Hut his taste was decidedly in another diroction than the Inw. The 

j <•! antiquities ma «ith him a passion ; but to make the statement moreep 
Bo, m mm much more of an Kr©bax>b>sjii<t t.lmn :i tt« - netilugist, much more ol an 
. than n historian; and even in Great HriUiin, where the rcieiiee uf an- 
tiquities is [iiish : j^rcater extent than it is here in this new country, f here 
have bean rerj few more thorough and practical antiquaries than the subject of 
tliis sketch. For proof of this assertion, reference is made to bis invaluable and 







1873.] 



-V. V.. Historic, Genealogical Society. 



197 



elaborate work, entitled, Gleanings among the Castles and Convents of Xorfolk, 

which we* pobliehe i in :| n octavo volume in Norwich, In I8S7, end to the numerous 
papers pubuebed bj bin in the Transactions of the Norfolk m i ■'' Ardutolo- 

fiKit Society, i,l which Mr. Harrod wm, Tor twelve years, the honorary secretary, 
n ill! thtaa pub! ie'iliim*. then- is such a couihiriiitiol] ">!' documentary i \ idenea With 
proofs from architectural details, sketched by Mr. Hnrrod'* ""» bend, 11 tbOWl 
moat conclusively tlmt his knowledge on theM BObhietl was not that of a snntten r, 
hut that it ma moot profound and minute. Indeed, Mr. Harrod wnsabout as much 
at home with tin- |ii[iiil a* witli the pen. This gave- him a great advantage, and his 
plans and drawing, made by himself on the spot, are aduiinibh; enecinteea of what 
orobttC-Iogieft] illustrations ought to l>e; not d incre guess of the finey, bat BE i 
rcprcM-nt.it la a <<\ Bumf, An BpcdBMBI Ol the great variety_ofriin publications, may 
be mentioned n few of his OOOtributioU I" the " Tninmctiona ol the Norfolk and 
Norwich Society," such as " Morse Trappings found at. Wwtull," Uluftxat 



drawing* ; " Entries in Ancient Wills and other Jlocumenu*,*' referring to the ring 

lcworn in tin- middle ages as badges of perpetual widowhood: " Cootie 

"Ueootcb of the Corporation of Li rent Yarmouth"; "The \VcyJ»urno_ 



and mantle worn in the middle ages ns 
Riling"; "Uooonb of the i '. n-p, -r.it i,.,n 

PilU ; " ]>etail« of a Murrain id the Fourteenth Century, from the Court Rolls of 
a Norfolk Ml hi': '• A Bhtorjl and Denrription of WjoaodfaUB Abbey** j Bad 
" An Ancient Crypt beneath the chapter-house at M I ■-tmiiister, probably used in 
the time of Kduuril [• ol the Treasury ol the Croat Wardrolw"; and at the time of 
hi- denih In <nn paper on the " Tower of London," which ho ex- 

pected soon r. - lay lifl 

All thnogfa that winter, 1870-1, he suffered from disease of the heart, 
which was probably tha cause of his death, lie married the eldest daughter ol Col. 
Franklin II 

This lOOMtS b indi Mod l" Mr. Hnrrod for one volume of the " Proceedings of the 
Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Boolety," and to his influence doubtless for 
other volumes. 

llrifFiiRicv.— Henry Benjamin Humphrey, Esq., a lire member of this society, died 
in Newport, EL I., Fob. Si), 1872, aged • •. Hi mi bom in Snowhillst., Boston, 
Maw,. Oct. 10. 1H09, the first child and son of Benjamin Humphrey, merchant of 
nid BaBtQO, mill I ►ri.-n* Turner, hi* wife. 

Hi- pajexngi deecent was from Jonas 1 Barapkrty, who emigrated from W endow, 
Bucks, Kng.. and settled in Dorchester. M;- . 1034; through Jonas, 7 who d. Feb. 
11. IBJB, a. 7!" : Jtmm* who d. Aug. 17, 1718, a. S3 ; Jatn-s,' who 1. May 8, 17'JM, 
a. 87; Josiah.' who d. 1834, a. 80; and JJcnjamm* above, his father, who a. Jan. 
S8. 1857, a. 70. 

lib maternal descent was from Humphrey 1 'l\rner, from the county of F.ssex, 
Bug., who eettled LaSciruat* In Plymouth oolonr, IQO through Thomas," who d. 
Nov. 1088 ; Charii ■ »,« who d. Oct. S3, 1789, u. 77 ; William* who d. Jan. 

13. 1808, n. 02; and Orient,' above, his mother, whod. Oct. B. 17k;, a. 81. 

He was educated at the Mayhew Grammar School. comer of t'hardon and Hawkins 
streets in Botton, under the obarge of Molten Mulliken and Holt; end 'in Ihe or- 
ganisation of the " Engludi Classical." afterward changed to the •"English High 
Boho I." under the charge of Master George B. Emerson. He was a member of tin: 
first class that ontcied tbnt BebooL 

On linvinj| thiaeahool, booonuneneed hi- mercantile apprenticeship with Messrs. 
Tappnii and Munslicld, importers and dry goods merchants in State street, Boston, 
and oontinueil with them until the dissolution of their co-partnership, and then con- 
tinued with Mr. Mansfield until the time of his coming of ago. 

After a short vacation, with his father's assistance, he formed a mercantile co- 
partnership with the Ink' John H. Pearson, under the stylo of John II. Pearson 4c 
Co., on r.iiiiun n -irtl street in Boston, and after a very prosperous busincsa career, 
was enabled to retire fniin eetrre buainoeo, and gratify his long nnd anfoutly cher- 
ished desire of making an extended ton Of l-'u rope. He remained abroad four years, 
uctivcly m&jsmA in travelling nnd sight-seeing, crossing the desert from Alexandria 
and Cairo to Palestine, and extending his travels generally throughout Bo 
then ret urn. -I l bome surfeited with travelling, without having been Bobjeeled men* 
accident or I r«rty, and only n slight detention by sicklies* while in 

Jerusalem, w!i. re, at the hands of the monks of the convent of St. Catherine, ho 
experienced the kindest attention, and was na tenderly treated and cared for ns ho 
could have been in his own homo. 

After his return from Europe, he travelled much in thb country, epuudiug much. 

xxvn is 



198 



N. E. IHm'oi ic, Genealogical Society. 



[April, 



time in Wellington, and finally established himself in TJuimaston, Maine, where be 
married Mi*» Pastora Elisabeth' Mason, ofihnt town. 

II viBuuMiiimi -'k-iit Polk and confirmed by the arnete. aa coo* 

Alexandria, Egypt, hut declined tlie appointment, an U»e promise made to him that 
the office should be raised to the rank ol airouil-genersl (which ha> - 
"M not fulfilled. The office of consul-general, carrying with it a salary d only two 
thousand dollars per annum, was scarcely worthy any one's acceptance, unless the 
incumbent has a Inrge private fori - willing to dispense in elegant 

bospitalitiaa, rofhaseooAli 

Wi-b. the ample fortune inherited from Lin father, and with a moat do 
fur intellectual pursuits, lir ipent his time in collecting a very valuable private 
library in Thomn 

Mr. Humphrey Mjpt a constitution of great activity and en- 

durance. A* evidenoe ol Disability In this respect, while a young man be i 
took iv pedestrian trip, in ■•ompany with two friends of similar temperament, from 
Boston Co tin- VI kite Btoantaina. and though carrying a SO lb. knapsack 

E| whole dk bed the trip in good health nnd spirita, always 

eeping in advance of hieeonrade*. His letter* from Jcruwileui and Beyrout, giving 
a very full account of hi* travels in Egypt and Palestine, were puhfiabcd in the 
i ..I i ! ins of the Boston Post, and attracted much atu n t n >i 1 : in flu I, so great was tbo 
demand f»r them, that (he pi ■ i-re constrained to issue extra editions 

paper. irlv tool gnat Internal in politics. He was fur many years on 

active mi ui!n;r nt tin volunteer fin well an of the Military Volunteer 

Association. He left do ■ ■lo, 
Mr. Humphrey wan admitted a member of this society, February 5, 1964. 

Read. — James Read, Esq., of Boston, was born in Cambridge, Mass., Nor. 19, 
1780, and died in Boston. Deo. M, 1870, at the age of 81 years. His lather was 
.lirph Stacy Read, who was horn in Cambridge, Mass., Oct. SI, 1754, and his 
mother was Esther Goodwin, of Plymouth. Ilia parent* were married Sept. 6, 1783. 
He was the fourth in descent from James* Read, who came from c. Kent, Enj».. and 
i bra, Meet., in 1705; through /am**,' b. Oct. 9, 1781, m. lltiutiah 
Stacy : and Joseph Siacy* Read, above, his father, w ho was for many years the post- 
IBMtet of Cambridge. A portrait of Mr. Read will be found in the Rnuistoi, 
vol. xiv. p. 170. 

-i Read married Hannah Palmer, daughter of Copt. Joseph and J 
Johnson Palmer, Dec. B, 1816. Their children wera four in number, I 
Richmond ; Helen Maria, wile of George Gardner, of Boston ; Louisa, wile of Chris- 
topher C. Chadvi lek, oi B aton ; and buah Eliza' 

Mr. Read was for many years an active and prominent merchant of Boston, and 
the firms of Jauu-K Read a i lo. ; Read, Chadwick k Co, ; and Read, Gardner & 
are familiar to us all. He was a cotenipornry of the I/ivm-nce*. the Appletons. the 
Paiges, — names which are synonyms ol mercantile integrity and success. In 1837, 
a vcar remarkable r.r the failure ui mam of the long-established commercial houses 
of this city and roiintry, as president ol the (ilnlie Bank he was a mem 

e."'iinii , rcprcM iinig the different banks, which reported in favor of suspc-n ling 

■paeie payments. In 184a, when Mr. Read Inn all was obliged to stop payment, ho 
assured hia creditors that, though he could not meet hi* liabilities at then mel 
it hia lift and health were i.ji:ir<-<! rhey should never be dishonored, and be n it only 
I.- word, but. in I he days of his subsequent, prosperity, b-' |iaid every dollar of 
In- inrlebtedneAs with the bterefft thereon. Hia ei editors expressed their high 
Of hbl honomble dealing with them by formal resolutions sndothertokeni of esteem. 
Pursuing this course, which is the only nprl I in similar caee", he mi 

always, i for bis high mercantile integrity, and commanded the warm i I 

of the large oireh- ni hi inces. For many years Mr. Road took an active 
purt in the various enterprise! lur promoting the prosperity ol the > "y of Ikartoo. 
Ha had Hitle jaato for omoe ; tod toe only official poaitioo ha ever held in political 
mwiibaTahJp in tin oonatitutlotuu convenl lo 1858. 

His advanced age was unusually bee h- in infirmity. His elastic step, bia cheer- 
ful mttlnn, and In* broad charity and open bunded benevolence, mark. 
Ua bad asperiano ■• •• ii-ij- -it u-1 

i ■ life, but the i londa waJoa on nhadowed his noon-day p r o sp ect s were afterward 

dispelled, mid the still of his prosperity continued to shine with undiminished luntre 
to its very setting- 

Mr. Read contributed liberally toward tho building fund for the purchase and re- 






1873.] 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



199 



construction of this Society V House, and lie was the second of the subscribers to that 
fund who line pawed away from these earthly acenes. 

li, Inn la.it will and htnnvtit. attar providing for certain relatives and friends, 
BO node th* follow quests: — 

To the .MiissochiiccUs General Hospital. $9000 ($1000 for free bedo and £ 10 

the MoLeen Asylum). H ■• br Aged Men. (lOOO. Howard Benevolent So 

Children 'a Friend Bneiefcr, Association Rv the iteli«f «if A^ed Indunnl Pstrtales, 

Weed!*- Woman's Friend Society. Massachusetts Charitable Eye and Kar I nunnery. 

i Dispensary, Seaman '« Aid S iciety, Genera] Theological Library. Widow* and 

Father l . ( ^banning Bospil al Ru Old and Destitute W u'NlwIi I 

Medical Ci)ll«|{«, Beuevoleut Fraternity of Churches, nud St. Vincent's Or- 
pbao Asylum, fc5o» eueh. 

Mr. Kcud wua admitted a resident member of this society, Oct. 23, 18G3. 



SOCIETIES AND TIIEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

Tub Nkw-Engun» Historic, <j knkamwic.il Society. 

Tub annual meetinir was held in the Society's House, 18 Somerset street, on 
Wednesday, 1 January, 1873, at 3 o'clock in the nltcrooon. 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, took the chair. 

The librarian, -Mr. John Ward Denn, submitted Ins report as follows :^ 

Tin- whole numb, r ul hound volumi . in (hi- library, M reported 

last year, was ....... 0814 

Additions butt year, not enumerated, .... 23* 

Added during the year is?-. 1 . ..... 10H1 

Whole numU'r of volume* "t tin? present time, . . . lOl'Jrf 

Tin' number of pamphlet* repotted last year, was . . 28115 

Additions last year not enumerated, .... 

Addtd duriiiL- tin- \L-ar I- ...... 

Whole' number of pamphlet* at the present time, . . 34338 

The additions to the hound volume* nearly equal the number added during the 
two prerioOB YSBIS, and i.!n- additioni bO tin pemphlettl are more than do 
daring the name period. 

The volumes and pamphlets enumerated as additions to last year's report WSTt 
presented by Benjt alf of the family of the late 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, Esq., oi IU«t<in. ami noticed En the librarian'* report 
of 1872. Thus donation contained 103 bound volume* of newspapers, D8J 
Boston Patriot. 32 volumes ; Huston Mircantile Journal, 29 volumes ; Christian 

is, II volume-- : t 'hnmiflr. 18 volumes ; Protestant Vhurthman, 9 volumes; 
Boston Gazrttr, :i volutin t . QrYurcA I'- •-„,-,/, 9 volumes; Bnnnrr of thr Chunk, 

■i'' JEjfit, Boston I"'- rt$$, 1 volume each. This dona- 

tion sj led a large nanuwoi Dm of unbound newspapers. 

Daring the year ISA, then luif been llfl I llamas of newspapers presented. 
These are Lrtolnoed In the list ol domiti m- appended. Of these, 40 volumes, front 
i":t m 1830, itn Ekom .John Wells Parker, S Boston Highlands. Tbey oommein-o 
srhfa she £m l <>'<■ ■''<'. which from Jan. -I, I77:t. lo Msj -, 177."., was published in 
Salem, but was thru removed to Cambridge, where it was published, at Ston 
Hall, iw the New-England Chronicle and 1- ■•■ . till April I, 1770. After 

the evacuation of Boston it mi ramond there, the next number being issued 
A)iril 25, 1776, as the .'V i' England CAronicls, which title was changed Sept 18. 

1770, to the lndrfirndent ChnmnJr , under whu li I lo&B p-ihli-hed until it 

became merged in the A doertiser. It i- still published as the Boston 8mni~Wt*Mn 

i.ter. Imperfeet files of those papers from 1768 to 1771. an.l perfect ftl 
41 years, from IH3I. unbound, hnve aLso been presented by Mr. Parker, making 
over one hundreil con ins. 

The Hon. Bias N. Martin presented 9 volume* of the Wilmington Journal, pub- 
lished weekly, in Wilmington, N. C, from January 1, 1862, to the last attack on 



>0 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



[April, 



Furt Rabat in .Tnnuary, 1865. These books are very rare and valuable. It i* diffi- 
cult \" procure complete files of newspapers printed at tlw South during the Liu 
war. ^ To the historical student they are most interesting, m portraying truthfully 
the Tii iuiL-iiLi nftlif jKMple south <il (beFotaoao. 

Lewis Slack, Esq., presented 3 volumes of the Indtpendint Chronic!?, from Jan. S. 
1777, to Dec. SI, 1781. Samuel Bntehclder, Esq., presented 32 volumes, n: i 

Uqvrtory, 1813 to 1H27 ; 7 volumes Chronicle and Patriot. 1632 to 1838 ; 
IBM Christian Htgittar; 'J volume* Farmrr's Cabinet; and (J volumes jYafioii* 
at Jnttlliqenocr, published at Washington, from 1811 U) 1816, including the whole 
period of the war of 1819, whrn the rity waa taken hy the British and the pi 
office burnt. Wil'iam 11 W hituiore, fi*5-, presented 8 volumes of the ISoston 
Errninf/ Tmntmiit, l nun Aug. 1(>58, to July, 1863. Hamilton Willis, Esq., pre- 
seated the first relume of the Massachusetts Ctntinel, for 1781, and the volume for 
1786. The title was changed June Ifi. I7W», to the Columbia which 

Mr. WilIU lii» giro the years, 1191, "89, "98, 1809, 'JO, Ml, and BmatJ Austin 
. I. i Em added* half volumes from 1814 to 1817. This fuinous paper, 80 
long edited hy Major Benjamin Russell, is one of the most valuable newspapers for 
the period when it was pabushsd. Frsncie Bash, Jr., Esq., pr<~ low* 

ol i'ic Sacramento Daily Union, from 1K57 to 1860, and George B. Dorr, Esq., 9 
d tM \etv-York H'-ralJ, from 1838 to 1840. William B. Trask. Esq., 
presented 2 volumes of the Christian Register— one being the first volume, — besides 
flies of this and other newspapers. 

These have boon nf great service to persons using the library. There have been 
very few ilii[ili'Ute« presented in this department. 

A large number of nsnoBaripta hare been received, lxwiilns many maps. engrsv- 

ings, photographs and urti'.lf* I' ir tin- cabinet. Our collection of curiosities said 

- now so large that a suitable ptni-e for displaying them should be provided. 

Among the manuscript volumes donated are the original collection of materisls in 

two vol ii bj ('apt. George Jlenrv IVeble. U. S. N r ., used by him in writing bin 

work, the Ili*tory of the American n of Augustus T. 

Perkins, Esq., relating tn the Copley paintings, one volume ; the ledger and day 
book ■bowing to* subscriber* end the cost of the Frigate Boston, < 
tii.m iin ed to the United States, two vols., from Thorns* I , Esq.; 

of the Sea Feucihlcs, commanded by Capt. Winslovr Lewis, froni 







the account book of Samuel Cutler, of Newburyport, 1788-3, one volume, both 




cut!!, edition of ivhiih work, nuTept/or/y-on* copies, was consumed in that fir*. 

I'.i-Milrs deiintiiiii-s ol valuable manasenpt>Tolumes for pretervatioii in our safe, 
otln.T ndUDfla have been de] or safe kecpi UBOOg which 

may lie named the records of the First Church of Hoxbury, containing entries hr 
Iba Apostle Eliot, deposited bv the pastor and clerk : and the manuscript di n\ of 
tl„- Eton. William WUfis, LL l»..ol Portland. Me., forUn but via years of bis life, 
in four volume, deposited by his nephew, Hamilton Willis, Esq, 

Progna has been in.ut. m arranging the manuscripte, relumes and pamphlets; 
nnd n Qontaatelogne of our books wns commenced Lost spring by the as.tL.sUnt libra- 
rian, and is now in a good state of forwardness. 

A list of the donations is appended. 

JVaww of Donors of Boots, Pamphlets, etc., during tiie year 1 - 



Mr. Asa W. Allen, 

Mr. 1). W. Allen, 

The Rev. George II. Allen, 

The Hon. Btepoao M. Allen, 

Mr. Willurd S. All.-n, 

Mr. Alfred Andu 

'I in '.morii-an Antiquarian Society, 

Tin ■inii-ri. .in N'eni Otaupsnji 



Snlem, Ohio, 
Vinclnnd, N. J., 
South Chelmsford, Mass., 
Host, in, 
East Boston, 
New Britain, Ct., 
Worcester, 
New-York, N. T., 



B i 

nE 

I 

1 

1 
3 

1 



19 



1873.] Societies and their Proccedingt. 












Btniiul 


Pfnah* 








»ol». 






The Hon. Thomas C. Amory, 


Bo* ton, 




9 




IVmI'. Uhnrles Edward Auxbon, A.M., 


New- York, N. I., 




1 




Mr. Lnria B. Bailey, 


.n, 




18 




Mr. J. lilL*M4.-tt 1 


Host 


1 






Mr. Sjiuui'I BatHiclder, 


"dge. 


03 


420 




Philip Bnttdl, A.M., 


Middlebury. Vt., 




I 




Mr. Itarge B.nnett, 
Mr. Franem Blake, Jr., 


Handon, 1 v. laud. 


I 






Bo*h»| 


1 






Tbe It. .11. J Fund, 




6 






The B .wton Board of Trade, 




9 


Ml 




Mr. Bdwtrd I). BovUton, 


Amherst, N. H., 




1 




The Bar. OaJtb Dwrig Bradlee, A.M., 


Boatoo, 




9 




Mr. Jonathan Brown Bright, 


Wi.ltliam, 




51 




Mr. Hubbard Wintdmv Bryant, 


Portknd, Mo., 




1 




The Hon. Ma red 1 us Bullord, 


i'. nt»-iuuuth, s. n., 




1 




Mr. Franem Biixli, Jr., 


B *u>n, 


7 






Mr. J u mt-s Campbell, 


BoM 




9 




Cornelius Boole t.'arteo, A.M., 


Charlcetnwn, 


1 


« 




Mr. Robert B. L'axerly, 

Owra 1 Chandler, M.l>-, 

The Rev. Jcreminh Chaplin. D.D., 

The EUV. Freden. W 1 Ihftpi nan, A.M., 


Lowell, 


t 






Worcester, 


s 








1 






Rocky Hill.Ct., 


8 






The Bar, Oren B. Cheney, D.D., 


Lc»L»t jii, Me., 




1 




Mr. !»,,.,„ 1 F. Child, 


B HlOB, 




152 




Mr. (targe W. Child*, 


i'liihidulr.bia, Pa.., 




8 




1 I,, l/ity of Boston, Mn«_, 




3 






The City of Chelsea, Maw., 






1 




Mr, David Clupp, 


Boston, 


9 


64 




TheRrv. Dorm. Clarke, D.D., 


Boston, 


8 






Mr. Jlnliert Clark.', 


. innati, Ohio, 


1 


8 




Mr. Kdmund J. Cleveland, 


Eliiabsth, N. J., 




1 




The Hon. J I. K. Clum, 


Washington, D. C, 


1 




• 


Mr. Charles Carletoii Coffin, 


Ronton, 




3 




Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 


Boston, 


4 


44 




Mr. D.lornine Prendre Corey, 


Maldi'ii. 


4 






William Cutbren, A.M., 


W....lli,.ry. Ct., 
Salem. Mass., 


1 






Mr. (.targe Ren Cur wen, 
The Bov. Samuel Cutler, 


1 






Hanover, 


17 


811 




Mr. A brain K. Cutter, 


rh.irlcrt.iWn, 




1 




Mr. J I). Dana, 


Cambridge, 


« 






The Hon. Kdwiird S- Davis, 


Lynn, 




1 




Mr. John Ward Dean, 


Boston, 


6 






Mr. William Heed Deanc, family of, 


Man>li.-I.l, 


37 


202 




Mr, Stephen 0. Babbit, 


Boston, 


1 






The Bar. Benjamin F. DeCosta, 
GflD. Mm Watts de Peyster, 




6 


1 




Tivoli, N. Y., 




6 




Franklin Hmrditcb Dexter, A.M., 


New Haven. Ct., 
New Y..rk..N. Y., 




11 




Mr. (.targe B. Dorr, 

The Rev. William D'Orrillc Doty, A.M. 


9 






, Waterloo. N. Y., 




I 




Mr. l-'imiri* Samuel Drake, 


Rmton, 


7 


1 




Mr. J «iah Drake, 


Cineinnati, Ohio, 




1 




Mr. • fauai Drnke, 


Melrose, 


1 






Samii.l Uardnef Drake, A.M., 


Boston, 


1 


1 




Mr. W illiini 1 Minne, 


Philadelphia, Pa., 




1 




Mr. Dean Dudley, 


Boston, 


9 






Mr. Blnathan K. Duron, 


Il-uig.ir, Mfl.. 
Mad tan. Wis., 
New Y..rk,N.Y., 




e 




Mr. D.miel Sieele Durrie, 




l 




Ercrt Augustus Duvekinek, A.M., 
The Rev Itfohnrd BJdy, 




t 




water, 




i 




Mr. B. B. Elliott. 


Washington, D. C., 




9 




William Bmith Ellis, F.S.A., 


Ij.iuI. m. Kng., 




1 




Tbe Rw. Samuel Hopkins Emery, 


Taunto.1, Mass., 


1 


1 




Vol. XX VII. 18* 











202 



Societies and (heir Proctedingu 



[April, 



Bound r« M»h 



The Essex Institute. 
Mr. Charles --How*, 

Mr. Cliarlw K. Kiel J. 
Mr. William James Foley, 
' is A. Kom-*l. AM , 
Ed ward J. Foster, M.U., 
Mr. John F 
Mr. M Field i wlcr. 



Salem, 

njo, III., 
Br»ttleboru\ ft , 

•n, 

. Va., 

Charles town, 
Jt -t,n. 

11 ;^t.»n , 



Tin- H m. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., Charlcetown, 

Mr. J. Soiil Wert Chester, Pa., 

William Sewall 'iardner. A.M., Ldwi-11, 

Wen lei] PhilHpi Garrison, A.B., New-York, N. Y., 

Tli- Oi mealogi c*J Registry f >r the U. S. , New- York, M. i.. 



Ttie General Theological Library, 

Mr. Olive* Gerrish, 

Mr. Klbrnlge II. (Joss, 

Mr. iild, 

Tbo Hod. James D. Green. A.M., 

Snrnii.-i Abbott Qroea, M.D., 

Ma. Mm in \V. Hackclt ..mi, 
Mr. Charles V. Uagner, 

William Il.nlc*, 
Mi-- i .. Elaliboi : 
The H-n. Bilaod Hall, r.L.D.. 
Mr. Edward Uoubleday Hurrm. 
The ltcv. David Urccn'e Hoskins, A.M., 
.i M HawbLM.D., 
Mr. John L. Haves, 
Clement Hugh Hill, A.M., 



)•• -i> hi, 

nil, Mo., 
M..li.wo, 

Boston, 

Cainbri Igt, 
I 

| M, , 

riiilai-lphia, Pa., 

Boston , 

II HfOO. 

North Bcnuingtou, Vt., 

Cambridge, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Washington, D. C, 



221 



Tin Hist irioal and Phil. ■■> ipbloal Society of Ohio, Cincinnati, 
'in.„ l i;..i..,;.— i <...;-... -.r l\.i..— — ii';i.„:..i«. 



Tbo Historical Society or Delaware, 
The Historical Society of Great Britain, 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
The Rev. Richard M ' Hodges, A.M., 
The K-jv. Frederic Wwt Holland, A.M., 
Henry Augustus Homes, A.M.. 
The Hon. Samuel Hooper, A.M., 
Tbo Right Bar. J. H. Hopkins, D.C.L., 

LL.D., family of 
Mr. Frank E. Hotchki.'W, 
Col. Albert Harrison Hoyt, 
Mr. Luther Prescott Hubbard, 
Mr. Janus F. Hunnuweil, 
Mr Danfai T. V. Hon toon, 
Mr. Thomas P. James, 
Edward Jarvis, M.D., 
Mr. Maurice C. Jonoe, 
Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., 
Col. HsaryO.Eeot, 
Mr. Frt-dtrrio Kidder, 



Wilmington, 

London. 
Philadelphia, 

( .'.i in I. ridge, 

Gsjobrnjn, 

Albany, X. T., 

Portoa, 

Burlington, Vt., 
New Haven, Ct., 
Bom ton, 

(inwnwich, Ct., 
Charles town, 
Canton, 
Cambridge, 
B'Jrtoti, 

Bethlehem, Pa., 
Middletown, Ct., 
Lancaster, N. H., 
Melrose, 



441 



The Rt. Iter. Wm. Ingmham.Kip, D.D.,Snn FranciBCO, Cal., 

Mr. J.F. Labat New-York. N. Y., 

William B. Lapham, M.D., Augusta, Me., 

G. A. Lcavitt&Co., 

The IUv. Samuel Leo, 

Mr. Joseph lieon&rd, 

Dto Lewis, M.D.. 

Winslow Lewis, M.D., 

Mr. (iiHirgo Lincoln, 

Mr- George T. Littlefield, 

Mr. Charles F. Livingston, 

Mr. Melvin Lord, 

Charles Martin, M.D., U. S. N., Cambridge, 



New- York. NY., 

Ni'W-Ipswich, N. IL, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Hin^bam, 

Charlcstowo. 

Manchester, N. II. , 

Boston, 



1873.] Societies and Oidr Proceeding*. 




208 






Bound 


PhhbV 






vols. 


ItU. 


The Hon. Silas Nelson Martin, 


Wilmington, N. C, 


a 


4 


William T. K. Marvin. A.M., 

The Mawnchueetta Board of Health, 


Rue ton, 




125 


Boston, 




1 


The Ma**. OommandefJ of the Military 








Order of the Loyal Legion of the U. S. 


i 




I 


The Maw. Horticultural Society, 


Boston, 




I 


The Mate*. Institute of Technology, 


Boston, 




1 


The Mass. Society of the Cincinnati, 


Beaton, 




1 


Mr. Willi,. m F. Matchett, 


Boston, 




43 


Tho MeriMnnli' Library Association, 


Baltimore, Md., 




6 


The Merciiiilile Library Association, 


New- York, N. Y., 




1 


The Met can tile Library Association, 
The Minnesota Historical Sociuly, 


San Francisco, Cal., 




I 


St. Paul. 




1 


Mr. W.lluua 1'. Mornn, 


Washington, I). C, 




1 


Mr. Edward S. Mo.sd.ey, 


Nevrburyport, Mass., 




1 


Mr. Alfred Mudge, 
Mr. Joel Munsell, 


Beaton, 




1115 


Albany, N. Y., 


4 


35 


The National Aseo. of Wool Mnnufac's, 


Boston, 
Elgin, 111., 




1 


Mr. John Beam Newcumb, 




4 


The New-Englund Ilia- and Geo. Regis- 








ter Club, 


Boston. 
Newark, 


13 


161 


The New-Jersey Historical 

The Genealogical & Biographical Society, 


I 


3 


New-York. N. Y., 




4 


The New- York Historical Society, 


New-York, N. Y., 


1 




The Neir-York State Library, 


Allmny, 




64 


Mr. Henry Ondcrdonk, 


Jamil 




9 


Prof, Charles R. Otis, A.M., 


New-Haven, l't., 




3 


Mr. Andrew .1. Ourt, 


Philadelphia, Pa., 




1 


The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
Miirtyn Paine, M.D., LL.D., 
Mr. Nathaniel Pnine, 


Cambridge, 
New-York, N. Y., 




18 


9 




Worcester 






Mr. Aii.-iHttiis ParkiT, 


P. m toll, 






Mr. John VV.-ll- |\i,ker, 


Boston, 


60 




Gen. Ebenezer W. Pcirco, 


Freetown, 






Augusta-. Thorndike Perkins, A.M.. 


Boston, 


1 




Tim Bar. William Stmn Perry, D.D., 


Geneva, N. Y., 


1 




TheHm. JuuiesH. Piatt, Jr., 


Petersburg, Vu., 






Mrs. Benjamin F. Poole, 


Hollia, N. 11., 






Mr. Alfred Poor, 


Salem, 
Washington, D. C, 






Col. Ben. Perlev Poorc, 






Mr. William J.' Pott.-, 


Camden, N. J., 


3 




rapt. (..-,.. H.-nry Preble, U. S. N., 


Charles town, 


18 


171 


The Prince Society, 

The Hon. John V, L. Prnyn ; 


Boston. 


3 




Albany, N. Y., 






The Public Librnrv of the City of Bi.ston 


»_ 






Mr. David PuUifeV, A.M., 


Boston, 






The Quarter Master Uen.'a Department, 


Wio.hir.gton. D. 0., 
New-Bedford, 






The Rev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D., 






The Rapid Writer Association, 


Andover, 






Mr. David Rend, 


r.iirlington, Vt., 


1 




Messrs. Kvdputb & Fall, 


Boston. 






Mr. Charles Reed, 


i Bridgcwater, 


83 




Mr. Edward B. W. Restieaur, 


Bu»i 


90 




The Rhode Island Historical S >< 


Providence, 






The Hon. William A. Richardson, A.M. 


, Washington, D.C., 


5 




The Hon. John R. Rollins, 


Lawrence, 






Mr. 1). Waldo Salisbury, 


Boston, 


9 


H 


Mr. Alfred Sandham, 


Moutrcul, Canada, 






Mr. Bdwan] H. Savage, 


Boston, 


1 




Mr. Jnmcs E. Scover, 


Taunton, 
Exeter, N. II., 






Mr. ,1 11. Bhaplaigb. 






Miss Miriam S. Sliiittuck, 


Boston, 


179 


339 


The Rev. Benjamin F. Shaw, A.M., 


Waterville, Me., 




1 



204 Societies and their Proccedinp. 




[April, 






■eaoa 


funpV- 






»•*. 


RS 


John H. Sheppard, A.M.. 
John Iiingdoii ,bL, 


Boston, 




1 


Qambrj toe, 
Preeoott, Canada, 




8 


Mr. Clifford Stanley Sims, 




l 


Mr. Lewis Slack, 


Bronkiinc, 


s 




The Iter. Edmund F. Slaftcr, A.M., 


Boston, 


6 


13 


Mr. George A. Smith, 


Salt Lake City, Utah, 




1 


Mr. Samuel Smith, 


H l Mtar, 




1 


Mr. Thomas C Smith, 


Bo-ton, 


8 




The Suciety of the Alumni of Yale Col., 


New-ilareo, 




8 


The Society of Antiquaries, 

The Kev. Samuel J. Spalding, D.D., 


I teuton, En j., 




■ 


Newburypurt, 
Deep River, Ct., 


I 




Mr. Kichard P. Spencer, 




1 


The State Historical Society of lows, 


Iowa City, 




8 


The Suite Historical Society of Wisconsin, Msdison, 


e 


IS 


Th. Mnsmehuaetlii, 




i 




Mr. Churle* A. Stearns, 


Boston, 


M 


8 


Eben Sperry Stearns, A.M., 


Esetcr, N. H., 




1 


Mr«. Sebastian f. Strccter 


Boston, 


s 




The Kev. Josiah Howard Temple, 


Fraiuin^'ham, 


i 




Peter lli.i.li.r, A.B., 


Borton, 




1 


Rear Ailm .Hi nrv Knui Thatcher, U.S.N 
The Rev William M. Thayer, A.B., 


'.,w meMstat, 


i 




Franklin, 


13 




The 1 nary, 


Ami". 




1 


Mr. Frederick 1 


NewYuck, N.Y., 


1 




John S\ incite I In iruton, A.M., 


Boston, 


S 


90 


Mr. William M. I'ddcn, 


MarshCeld, 




8 


WfllfatB 0. Todd, A.M., 


Newbury port. 


B 




The 1 ■'iiwiinf ItPHikline, 


N. II., 




1 


The Town of Wvnliam, 


Mi- . 




9 


Williiun B. Ti.wne. A.M., 


■A, N. II., 




1 


Mr. William Blukc Trask. 


Boston, 


101 


1C83 


Mr. W. VV. Tucker, 


"i 




1 


Mr. Alfred T. Turner. 


But ton. 


1 




Charles Wesley Tuttlo, A.M., 


Bot*: 




1 


The Rev. Joseph F. Tattle, D.D., 


('niwfurdsville, Ind., 

iin-ton, D.C., 
New-York, N. Y., 




a 


The I nited Stake Patent Office, 






The United States latent Association, 






Tho Rev. Eugene V< •tnnnile, DJD., 


nt. Me., 


1 




The VermtmtBtats l.ihrary, 


M'>iH|ielier. 


4 


9 


Xbafiei William Wakefield, 


Marietta. Ohio, 


1 




The Hon. Ceo. Washington Warren, A.M. Chnrlestown. 


1 




The Hon. Israel Wash barn, Jr., LL.D., 


Portland, Me., 




9 


Mr. Charles C. P. Waterman, 


Sandwich, 


8 


U 


Mr. Thomas Waterman, 


Boston, 


M 


4 


Mr Winslow M. Watson, 


Washington, D. 0., 






Mr. Edward W. Wert, 


New-York, N. Y., 






Capt. Ambrose II. White, 


Boston, 


4 




The Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., 


Boston, 


9 




William llernv W liiftimrc, A.M., 


Boston, 


8 


98 


lienrv Austin Whitney, A.M., 


Boston, 


7 




Mr. John K. Whitney, 


Philadelphia, Pa., 




1 


Miss Caroline Whitwell. 


Boston, 


1 




The II m. Marshall Finekney Wilder, 


Boston, 




2 


Mr. Hamilton Willi--, 


Boston, 


8 




Mr. .1 I'l- (i !n i- Williams, 


St. Paul, Minn., 


8 


13 


Prof. Ah-inmliT Winchell, LL.D., 


Syracuse, N. Y., 


1 




The lion. Robert CliarUwWinthrop, LL.D. Brookline, 




1 


Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 

Mr. Thulium lk-llowa Wyman, 
The Bob. Thomas U, Wynne, 


Cambridge, 


1 




I'lmrlestown, 


1 




Richmond, Vs., 


1 


8 











1873. J 



Societies and Oieir Proceeding!. 



205 



Mr. John L. Alexander, Boston, 1 continental bill. 

Mr. Calvin Ames, East Marsh field, 1 Indian relic. 

Mr. Joseph Ballard, Boston, New-York BvaW, Ju. to Dec. 1871. 

Mr. James Wallace Black, Boston, photograph copy of Peon's Treaty from old 
furniture drapery. 

Mr. Jonathan Brown Bright, Walt ham, one broadside. 

Mr. Augustine Caldwell, Cherry Valley, I broadside, Cnhlw.ll renonl. 

UeuTgc Chandler, M.D., Worcojstcr, 2 manuscript genealogies. Chandler, and Chan- 
Qrifflo and Stedman. 

The Kev. Samuel Cutler, Ihm.«er, Nm- York World, 2 years, 1801-2; 8 maps; 3 
MS. sermons; & manuscripts; 1 ooat-of-arme, Cutler ; 1 pr. ancient shoo buck- 
lea : I confederate hill. 

Mr. J. I>. Dana, Cambridge. 7 ancient document*, parchment; 7 do , paper; 6 
account hook* ; 4 file* old papers. 

Mrs. And Emerson. Boston, l& rare coins. 

Rev. Joseph M. Finottt, Brookline, maps, 1 fac-simile of South Carolina Ordi- 
nance of Secession, 94 pamphlet cases. 

The Hon. Briipunin A. Q, Fuller, Boston, in behalf of certain descendant* of Josiah 
Flagg of Lancaster, 8 documents, among them letters of Dr. Benjamin Frank- 
lin, and Ida Pinter Mrs. Jane Mecora. 

Col. David L. Ciardiuer, New- York, 2 documents, copies of wills of Lieut. Lion 
Ciudiner and his wife Mary. 

Mrs. William Holes, Boston, 16 chart* and maps; 3 certificates, 1 commission, 2 
engraving*. 

Miss G. llnlihurton, 1 planter impression of medal to commemorate the taking of tba 
Bastile; 1 manuscript, 3 newH|iopera. 

David 0. Ilaskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge, 4 years New- York Earning Pott ; Aug. 
1-iWUiJu.no lK7i!. 

Mrs. Charles W. Iloinor, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1 piece of the bouse in which Mnj. 
Andre was confined. 

Col. Albert II. lloyt, 2 vols, of The Churehman, for 1871 and 1872; colored print of 
the fire in Boston, Nov. 1872; 17 broadsides. 

Mr. Frederic Kidder, Mclroso, 4 maps, 1 letter 1781. 

Mr. Melvin Lord, Boston, 1 chip from the bouse in Hadley in which the Regicides 
Were cm. i tied ; 1 m:tmisrript, the? Knceland family. 

Charles Martin, M.D., U.S.N., Cambridge, the first number of Philadelphia Public 
Isdirr, March 25, I83fi. 

Mr. William F. MuUhctt, Boston, 9 maps. 

Mr. Wflliam BaniJ Montague, Boston, I account book. 

Mr. Augustus Morgan, Boston, 1 engraving. 

Mr. Alfred Mudge, Boston, 1 register of sloop Washington, 1789. 

Mrs. Sarah D. Nason, South Berwick, 1 powder-horn ol Nathaniel Nason, a revolu- 
tionary soldier, 177U. 

Robert Trial Puine, A.M., Boston, 1 manuscript Peppcrrcll family. 

Mr. J.ilm Wells Parker, Boston, Kiseu (iat/ttt , incomplete, lor tha years 17G8, '69, 
'70, and '71; and 41 years of newspapere, Indcjiendcnt Chronicle and Motion 
Weekly Advertiser, from Jbo. 1831 to Deo. 1871. 

Mr. Knthnnicl C. Peabody, Concord, 1 manuscript, Peabody genealogy. 

Mia* Mary Douglass Pease, Albany, N.Y., 1 ountincntal bill ; 4 documents relative 
to her grandfather l*vi Pease, vis. : 2 contract* to carry the mail, 1794, 1 circu- 
lar from the postmaster-general, and I newspaper obituary. 

Mr. HbratiO Nelson Perkins, A.B., Melrose, 1 map. 

Capt. Ceo. Henry Preble. U.S.N., 1 cane from the timber of the Constitution, pre- 
sented by Com. William Bainbridge to the donor's father, Capt. Enoch Preble; 
1 manuscript; 1 aeries ot ballots cast at Chnrlcetown, Mass., Nor. 6, 1872. 

Mr. James W. Preston, Boston, I printed tabular pedigree, Bourbon, Orleans and 
Bonaparte. 

Mr. John L. Robinson, 1 lithograph, Lvnn in 1840. 

Mr. Edward B. W. Rostienux. II files Military Orders, 1 plan for soldiers' oottagea. 

Mr. Daniel Waldo Salisbury, Boston, 5 I rarned colored views of Beacon Hill, Boston, 
1811 and 1812. showing the excavations. 

Miss Miriam S. Shnttuck. Boston, the manuscript copy of ber father's History of 
Concord, Mass. ; I cane from the applctree ot Peregrine W bite; files ancient 
and modern manuscripts. 



•20G 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



[April, 



Mr. William B. Shedd, Maiden, 1 broadside. 

The Rev. Kdmund F. Slaftcr, A.M.. Boston, broadside. 

Mr. Henry Smith, Bo*t lental bill. 

Mr. Richard I'm it Sp.uo.-r, Deep River. Ok, 1 lock of the hair of lady Alice Apeley 

Botelcr Fen wick, taken from her NBafal Nor. 23, 1870, after a burial of mare 

than 200 years. 
G. Symouds, Esq., town -clerk, Dorchester, Eng., a aariea of impression* from the 

municipal Mcalu of tliat boroogh. 
Mr. George Window Thnchcr, New-York, N. Y., 1 manu s tu'ipi , (irey genealogy. 
Mis* Thomas, Marsbficld, 1 broadside, elegiac ode, 1804. 

John Wingate Thornton. A.M., Boston, 1 manu>> I 
William Blake Tru.sk, Esq., Boston, a large quantity of illustrated and 

newspapers, 83 manuscript sermons by New-Kngland clergymen, 4 package* < 

newspaper cuttings, 4 broadsides and I manuscript. 
The Hon. George Bruce Upton, Boston, 1 broadside; exercises at Harvard College, 

commencement 1800. 
Mr. Charles Cotcswortb Pinckney Waterman, Sandwich, 2 maps. 
Capt. Ambrose Haskell While, Boston. 15 rare coins. 
Hamilton Willi*, Bn., Boston, 'J rare broAdsidea, framed, vix. : Order of services at 

the commemoration of the death of Washington by the town of Bost<< 

1800; and the original proclamation of Gov. Thomas Gage, Jum 19, 1776, in 

which Hi; '..Jams arc excepted from pardon. 

The Boa. Marshall Pinckney Wilder. I maeosenpt ptBtlon of Steplien Minot, 

1737, to wll rum at his tavern ou Boston neck. 
The Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, I.L.D., 1 proof impression of the portrait of 

Ceorgo Clymer. 
The Hon. Thomas H. Wynne, Richmond, Va., 11 impressions Virginia stamps, 

1813 to 1816. 

Reports were also made by James F. Hunnewell, Esq., chairman of the com- 
mittee on the library; Albert II. Hoyt, Esq., chairman of tho committee un pub- 
lication; the Kcv. h. F. Shifter, corresponding secretary ; the Rev. Dorus Clarke, 
1>.I)., historiographer; Frederic Kidder, bq.,ohairman of the committee on papers 
and essays; B. B. Turrey, Esq., treasurer; and by Messrs. A. D. Hodges. Charles 
B. Hall, and William B. Towns, Enquires, for the trustees of the Bund, Tuwne 
Memorial, and Iiar>tow Funds, respectively ; all of which will he found in the nro- 
cecdiri:,* nf the society, which was published in pamphlet form and distributed as 
usual, in the month of January last. 

The historiographer submitted the following 



IBM. 

1847. 

tan, 

18G3. 

1MB. 

1804. 



lw-.fi. 
1860. 
1848. 

1855. 



Necrology for 1872. 
[Tto flanrcs on the left lndleal* the date of admlnlon to Uie KwletT.] 

The Rev. James Thuniton, A.M., of West Newton, Mass., born Dec-. 11, 

1800 ; died Jan. 13, 1873. 
Lilley Eaton, of Wakefield, Mass., born Jan. 13, 1803 : died Jan. 1C. 1873. 
Martin- Bowen Scott, of Cleveland, ().. born Mareh. 1801 ; died Feb. 2, I 
Sir Thouuus )'lulli|,|,.., Bart., M.A., F.R.S.,lof London, Bog., bora 1792; 

died Feb. 6, 1872. 
Daniel Denny, of Boston, Mass.. horn Nov. fi, 1702 ; died Feb. 9, 1879. 
lb 1 1 ■ \ - 1 t t Tijumin Humphrey, of Newport, R. I., born Oct. 10, 1809; died 

I'eH. 29, 1879. 
Capt. Willinin-Froiiarick Goodwin, U. S. A., of Concord, N. H., born Sept. 

33, 1897 ; died March 19, 1873. 
Oliwr-Mavliew Whipple, of Lowell, Mass., born May 4, 1794 ,- died April 26, 

1872. 
Elisha-T. Wilson, of Boston, Mass., born 1813; died June 18, 1878. 
William Thomas, of lioston, Mass., boni April 11, 1808 ; died June 19, 1879. 
George- Cain mi Brewster, of 1'ortiuuouth , N. 11., Isini April 5, 17'J7 ; uicd 

July 7.1- 
Tli< Hon. Noah- Amherst Phelps, of Simsbury, Conn., born Oct. 16, 1788; 

died Aug. 36, 1872. 



1873.] 



Societies mid their Proceedings, 



207 



18G9. Ohuto- William Rnisbeck, or Cambridge, Man., born July 34, 1830 ; died 

-. ptotnbo, 1H7"J. 
1847. The Rot. D.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., bom Aug. 29, 1809 ; 

died fart. 89, 1H7-J. 
1852. The Hon. DtephflD-Tbnntan Iknrdl, of Cambridge, Mass., born June 21, 

ihOii , .1 >. .1 i.h i. -jo, [919. 
IS67. John-Fuirfield Rich, or Ware, Maw., born Sept. 13. 1*41, died Nov. 3. 1872. 
1846. Horntii»-Gatea Somerby, oi London, Kng., born Deo. 24, 1805 ; did Not. 14, 

1809. Prof. Alfred Greenleof, AM., of Brooklyn, N, Y., born May 10, 1804; 

died Dc<\ 26, 1872. 
1858. Griffith John MeRee, of Wilmington, N. 0., born Sept. SO, 1820 ; died 1872. 

Additions to Previous Years. 

1854. Henry Ilarrod, F.S.A.. of London. Eng., born Sept. 30, 1817 ; died Jan. 21, 

1071, 
1852. Samuel Tymum, of Lowestoft, Kng. 



The treasurer read the following list of peraons who became 



I-'/c Members in 1872. 

Stephen- M. Allun. Esq., Roxbury, Massachusetts. 

Qmncy Hi i km II. E*i., Hinghnm, Maivnchusctt*. 

Mr. lT- ■nii-«-I>. ISrndhurv, hnM Ouabridg*, ManrachiMctUJ. 

Mr. Alhert-D.-S. BelJ f Jamaica Plain, Maseacluitetto. 

Mr. Siineon-E. Baldwin. NYw-Haren. Connecticut. 

Mr. Byron-A. Baldwin, St. Louis, Missouri. 

The Rev. George- F. Clark, Mrndon, Mnwiichusetts. 

The linn. Cbftnca-C. Dud*. Newbozypart, Mnwmcliuwetta. 

Prof. William Gnmrnell, LLP., Provide nee, Rhode Inland. 

ThoHoO John-T, Heard, ISoeton, Massachusetts. 

Mr. (.'iik-l'-F. llurri*. Providence, Rhode Inland. 

Williaui-Ii . [imaN, M.D., Bruokline, Massachusetts. 

! ! i il,,n. Isaac riivermore, Cambridge, Masanchuv 

Mr. Niithaniel-J. Runt. Boston, Mn*Nuhiit«tt«. 

The Hon. John-U. Rollins, Lawrence, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. George- P. Sanger, A.M., Cambridge, Mauachasctti. 

Mr. Benjamin Q faith, Ounhridge, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Tnn.ilhy-W. Stanlrv . New-Hritiiin, Coiinrctieut. 

1 1 . Tagvard , Boston , Massachusetts. 
I "il. I/Miiurd Thompson, Wuburn, Massachusetts:. 
Gen. Adin-B. Cndirwood. AM., Newton, Massachusetts. 
Mr. J.-Huntinston Wohott, Ii.wt.iu, MuMtnchuxt'tt*. 
The Hon. George- Washington Warren, A.M., Boston, Massachusetts. 
The Hon. Robert- C. Winthrop, LL.D., Boston, Massachusetts. 
Mr. BfOMt*0. Warren, Boston, Massachusetts. 

The fallowing members constituted themselves life-membrrt in 1871, but vrtre emitted 
in the published procadingi last year. 

Mr. Simcon-Prntt Adams, Charlcstown, Massachusetts. 
The Hon. Herman Poster. Mtnplmlei. New-Hampshire. 
The Kw ESageoe Vvtrouiile, D.D., Bangor, Maine. 



After the reading of the report*, Frederic Kidder. Esq.. in behalf of the nominat- 
ing commiiNv appointed nt u previous IUWBllll»„ -.ulniiitted the following list of 
officer* mid coin iu it toes. A ballot waa taken, and the pcrsuus nominated were de- 
clared duly elected. 



B(M 



Societies and their Procetdings. 



[April, 



Officer $ for the Year 1873. 

President. 
The Hon. MARSHALL V. WILDER, of Boston, Massachusetts. 



Vice- Presidents. 
George Bruce Uiton, of Boston, 
I-i:.u,l Wasiiih'iin, Jr., LL.D., of Portland, 
Ira Peui.ev, LL.D., of Concord, 
Hampden Cltts, A.M., of Brattleboro', 
John R. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, 



Massachusetts. 
Malna 

>-Yw- Hampshire. 
\Ynnont. 

Rhode Inland. 



The Hon. 
The Hon. 
The Hon. 
The Hod. 
The Hon. 
The Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich, Coiuiccticuu 

HONORARY YlCE-PRESIDENTS. 

The Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo, . New- York. 
The Hon. Joiln Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, . Illinois. 
The Et. Eev, Boon W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa. 
The Hon. Increase A. Latham, LL.D., of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
The Hon. Juiin II. B. Latrohe, of Baltimore, . . Marylaod. 
William Diane, E-hl., of Philadelphia, . . Pennsylvania. 

Tlie Rev. William (i. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Missouri. 
The Rev. Joseph E. Tl fttle, D.I)., of Crawfonlsville, Indiana. 
The Hon* Thomas Shkiner, of Reading, . . . Ohio. 
The Hon. William A. Richardson, A.M., of Washington, Dis. of Col. 
William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, . . New-Jersey. 

CoBREsrosDiKo Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmcnd F. Slaeter, A.M., of Boston, . Massachusetts. 

Recording Secretary. 
David Greene IIaskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, . 

Treasurer. 
Benjamin Barstow Torret, Esq., of Boston, . 

Historiographer. 
The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston, 



Massachusetts. 
. Massachusetts. 

Massachusetts. 



Librarian and Assistant Historiographer. 



Jonx Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 



Massachusetts. 



Directors. 
The Bon. George B. Upton, Boston. Ciiarles W. Tettlb, A.M., Boston. 
The Hon. Edw. S. Tobey, A.M., Beaton. John Ccmmixcs, Esq., Woburn. 
Joun Foster, Esq., Boston. 

Dirteiors ex-offkio. 



The Hon. Makmiam. P. WlT—1 Boston. 
ThsBeT.ElWI H9 F.SLArTER.A-M-.BkWtoil 

Benjamin Barstow Torrkv, Esq., Boston 
Dated 't il,-Kiss..lr.. A.M., Cambridge 
The IU-r. Dosna Clarke, D.D., Button. 
Joun Wako Don, A.M.. I; 
Col. Aui'ut II. IIovt, A.M., Bonton. 
James F. Bcnmhtsul Bm., OharUttowii 
Wn,u«« I: TowsE.A.M-.Miirord.N.U 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., Boston . 

The Rev. Caleb Davis 



The Hon, Tiros. 0. Amort, A.M., Boston. 
. The llwi, Wm. Wuitinu, LL.D., Boston. 

Samuel Q, Drake, A.M., Boston. 

Col. Almon D. Hoi>fiKA, Boston. 

\Vis«iinv Lkhis, 511),, Bopton. 

.'"UN U. Siieitard, A.M., BoBton. 

William B. Trash. Esq., Boston. 
»mii t'litmiiN, A.M., BoMtoa. 
, Edward S. Ra.nd, Jr., A.M., BasUm. 

William Henry Wiiitnorb, A.M., Boston. 

Bkadlex, A.M., Boston. 



1873.] 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



209 



CoXXtTTBS, 4c. 

Committee on Publication. 
Albert If. Horr, A.M., ft. Ciiaki.ks W. Tittle. A.M., Boston. 

Jolln Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. , Bam Preble, U.S.N.,U-u»rlc«town. 

William B. Towns, A.M., Milfiml, 5. JI. 

Committee on the Library. 

James F. Hromrau., Bsqv Clarlestown.ThcRcv.Ri.iii si.F.Si,.irrzit,A.M.,BoB»an. 
Jkremia.1 Colbbrx, A.M., Boston. Hark i 11 Bd B, Esq., Charlestown. 

DbLORaIXE P. COKEV, K-|., MuMru. 

Committee on Finance. 

William B. Towns, A.M., Milfurd, N.II. The Bob. Cuaih.es B. Ham., Boston. 
Henry Edward. , ban. Percital I». Everett, Esq., Bm 

The Hon. John* A. Bcttrick, Lowell. 

Committee on Paprrs and B$$0Q9, 
FitMEHtc Kidder, Esq., Boston. The Iter. I , N. Tardox. D.D., Boston. 

Samuel Behnuam, A.M., Cambridge. Wit&tu B< SaMBMB, A.M.. Boston. 

Albert B. Otis, Esq., Boston. 

Commiitrr on Hrraldry. 
The Hon. Tnos. C. Amort, A.M., Boston. Acer/sirs T. Perkins, A.M., Boston. 
AiiMut C. (Juodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. William S. Ajtlctu.n, A.M., Bo 

Trustees of the Bond and of the Cuslunan Funds. 
Gil. Almox D. Hodoes, Boston. Frederic Kjdder, Esq., Melrose. 

Trusted of the Towne and of the Rarstoio Funds. 
William B. Tuwne, A.M.. Milford. N. U. Coi. Almon 1) . Hodcm. 

The Hun. Cuarus B. Hall, Boston. 

After the election, the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, delivered the ad- 
dress which will be found on ]>age»i 183 — 188. 

On the conclusion of the president's address, the Kev. Lucius K. Paige, D.D., 
offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 

Resolffd, That the tlinnks of the society be presented to the honorable president 
for his interesting and eloquent addrnw, and that he be requested to furnish a copy 
for publication. 

On motion of the Rev. Mr. Sin Iter the following resolution was adopted 1 

Resoh-r.i, That, Samuel II. W.:iuv.,.rrli. lv«j., haying declined ft iv-dd" 

recording secretary, the tbarda of the lodltts bo tadstea' t" bin tot the faithful 
and efficient discharge of the duties of that office for the last three years. 

On motion of the same gentleman, the society ordered that the president's address, 
the reports, and other proceedings of the day be printed and distributed among the 
members. 



(Note, — We print an abstract of the proceedings of all historii »■* and 

k "t ti.lr._- 1 associations which send tons the Booh newtiM are 

un itcd to forward their reports regularly and promptly.— Euitor. J 

Pesnstlvania Historical Socirrr. 

The annual meeting was held on the evening of the 13th of January. 

The report of the trustees of the publication fund showed tho principal from 
sulwcription, Ac, to be $ IB, 30 1 ; investment, £16.977.25; balamr of principal, 
£333.75 ; interest. £8,403. M ; expeusea of publication, &c„ £3,-l«2.78 ; balauce Of 
iirtan t.$tjtOOM; total bakne.. $:i,-ju.tii. 

The trustee* of the building fund reported: investment, £5.000; amount oo 
deposit, $1,713.85. 

The treasurer reported the receipts at £9,361.07 ; expenditures, £9,307.33 ; 



balance, 168.74. 
Vol. XXVII. 



19 



810 



SiKtrtkt ami their Pr></niingi. 



[April, 



• MtMllptioa I fo.BOj inventnient*, $1,790.50; balance, $.t00. 

rtrjj the librarian, the Kev ■! - I 

year 1873 an addition of 543 volumes has been nude to UM library, among vlii 
were nearly ISC to! qmm r lurch ; 3 i 

• years 1771--2— 3 ; 30 iolum» oT publications of the I'eeey 
rty; 90 of the Fnrnds' Rmcw. and many other valuable publications. Of 
these volumes' 380 wirre contributed by momlicni of the society, i'2 were ghrn in 
exchange, IS were bought, and the remainder came from other literary in-: 
i lividual*. 
In pamphlets the increase was reported at 1.100, and is the manuscript depart- 
ment it was stated that valuable additions had been made. 

'.. department of iirt* has hod to note the addition cf portrait* r>f Flenry l>. 
ral of the United leneral* Knox and Moul- 

trie, nnd other pictures of interest connect' «y of the* 

The receipt of the Kpbruta pre** and a anil of armor from the palace in th 
••."ft.* also noticed anion- other iiaarciaTini; objecta. 
ramnnioatioa wan received from Mr. 0. ?▼. South, making a donation of 
$1,00" ic'ty. 

The II in. M. Russell Thayer delivered an address on the " Life and Times of the 
. I !. I >.," of which we make the following abstract. 
I !>y saying that in a letter 
lftM mil. . i Niebnhr, the historian uf Rome, wrote thus to his - 

law, Muibiii I I-i. ler " a yoan | a ia, Liabar, <>f Berlin. lias arrived here, who 
weal n* a volunteer to *'reece, nud at length returned, pat: lie of hun^»-r, 

\use the rosculitv mI the Mareans ami ' nliee became insufferable 

loaisi Hi •. Irion, and his tales till the beai 

mi>. lie b and ana melao ml is very noble. He inter 

r ' n lies ue much, a«i him by kiuducss. He belongs to tb/s ran 

of the beautiful time of 1813, whan he Ibagnl and was • ondea! llo ia 

now bate without a cent I shaU hi bp him at any rn: 

ivhiwunrrr • was ihu' noticed, was twenty-two 

of age." of a gentle but >elf- reliant Datura, of studious habits, n | 
tan of mind and m fond of books. He hm the 

lineofiife. Hi* few years hud been divided between the gymnasium, 
the camp, and foreign landa. !!'■ was yet t" beoa the 

profoundcet and < i ! •■ of the present century, one 

the chief ornaments of the world of letters, the expounder of civil Liberty and 
oolFg irernntant, and one of the truly great men of bis ad pted country- 

Judi; ^'aveagr ! ! in bis bo 

nnd narrated the experience of Mr. Liebflf ia ■ ildier in the battles of Ligny 
and Waterloo, and at the storming of Numur, where he received two dangerous 
Woundfl. Xboag LUbar ai I * >ng writer, as a prisoner, as a collrginn, as a lircck 

'• \ friend "I Dr. luebuhr, a» a (cache iges, u n Boston! 

k< n l'liiladelpbinn. as a South ' '.irolininti, were ouch detail. InColuin- 







Liberty no 1 Selffovernment. 1 

The speaker then entered Into a detailed analysis of these great works, and cited 
the earominmaniiBwd npon them bj I t Kent. Ju f. Prof. <<reeu- 

leaf, William Kent. Prescott, Bancroft, Chnatc, and other distinguished jui 
authors. 1 r • - then passed to the consideration f I,iebcr"s minor works, parti 

bja •• I'P'jjertY nnd Inbor," " Laws of Property," Ac, "The Origls 
and* I' ui of the Fh I I rn Eitueni on," and other 

work*: nnd spoke of thegre.it repute Hoc hi bad acquired as a pul I only in 

this coiintrv, but in BtETOpa, and cited the opinions of Yuri Mobl, Mitterinaira, 
Bluntsehli, "Professor Creasy, of Loudon, tiarelli, and other great writera u 
law. 

if. thru *pnkeof the groat «<'ri.< I to the country 1 larina 

the greet civil war, pi reparation of 

ineral orders or the Wt 100, 1803), as " I -the 

Qon*Bmsal Of the Armies of the United State* in the Field."' ■ ' ■ c of 

iu» pamphlet on " Gaeiilla Partial." his fcracl on '* Natur la raUJ 

cnlli-d " i'aureo wpiwojlo " — the golden tract— and of his other productions at that 
period. 



ami wo* 

ibsequont- 
where he 

i the discharge of Lis duties until his death, which occurred October 2, 
1879, it tho seven ty-tliira jear of his age. 
The speaker then proceeded to apeak of the character of Dr. Lieber, of his pcr- 
ii. and peculiarities ; he spoke of his intense patri ii tn, uil 
'i'K nf in meats, in historical 

purity of his r harm tcr, the : ilotB always with 

instructinn and with BBBtcr, if his habit* Q if hi* kindly and cheerful 

nature, of t*ie immense influence which his works bate exercised and are destined 
to excrei.se in the future ..n government ami all political science. 
Judge Thayer coodaded Ha address as IbiQowi . 

Tlnw Law -1 with a feeble hand to delineate the character of a great 

man, conspicuous alike for his patriotism and attainment ; whose writin; 
presse.! !'^ iri-li]ili|\ upju the age, ami, likathoM of Grotina aud Mod- 

i, constitute a ili- i: i pobKclawaad pol 

"hose learning a Uial power have conferred boBOJ 

our country, and whose usefulness | -; a .iti/en has merited its gratitude, 
ability had been equal to my love and reverence for his memory, the picture wnuid 
hare been more worthy of Sua, ladwonU ban*) better portrayed his noble qualities. 
But his imperishable works are his best memorial, mid his iame will be secure 
in the I ip .if luxury : for, n* he himself said at tho unveiling of tfea -Mtuoof Hum- 
tag the grand words of Pericles, " The whole earth ia the monument of 
illustrious men " 

Ar Um 6Um» at Judge Thnver'* address, which was attentively listened to aud 
frequently applauded, the (ouowiog rasolnti >" SW* offered and passed: 

Rtsalrr.d, That an invitation l-e present*! to the meiul<era of the convention 
assembled to propose amendments to tho constitution of Pennsylvania, to visit the 
rooms of the society. 
The Ibllowiag were elaeted ofltoanj for the ensuing year : — 
a William Wallace. 
leal*— Benjamin il Ooatea, '•• Washington Smith. IT. Gates Jones, 
II. Smith, J a tries L. Ctaghoin, Th -'ustoott, Samuel Agnew, J. 

K. Ervphsr. 

Hug Srcrrtary— J. Rosa Boowdi n 
Recording Secret an, , Robert Coulton Davis. 

Treasurer— ,\ . ]•;, | wa r.l Ob rpeater. 

fftes— Library, John ^ M I barles Bogota. Financp, JameB 

• Hand, Yf. K. Gilbert. Publication, Kdward Pennington, Jr., James H. Carr. 

Nxw-York UtSTonrw. BoOORT. 
The annual meeting was held on Tuesday evening, the 7th of January, 1873. 
iiunl reports we-e presented from the rariona comniittew. the treasurer and 
UM librarian. A biographical sketch of the late Marshall S. Ridwell, » member of 
the society, waa read, and the following named gentlemen wore elected officers of 
the society fur the ensuing year : 
"■/' ir — Frederic aV I '< ■■■•■ BT. 

Prnaiifiiif William <"• Bryant. 
Sect PrmdaU—Jhrnm W. Hwifrimi, 

Foreign Corrtsj/omim j Stcntttry — William J. 11 ippin. 
Domestic Corr ■■•* -Kvert A. Duyckiuek. 

R> ranting Secretary— Andrew Warner. 
7V. omrer— ftenjnniin II. F'u 1 
Lt/'rvrian—GoutBD II. Moore. 

neJ Warner having declined to act, the election of his successor waa post- 
poned until the next meeting. 

Niw-Entjlanii Societt or Uravgi, Niw Jersey. 
The annual meeting waa held uri Mi. inlay. KoT. 18, 1878. The commit tc, . 
[obbtb. Daniol J. Sprague, Charles J. Prescott.and Wemi. 11 P. Gal 
appointed to open and count the ballots cast Tor officers yf the society, on the Hare 
syatcm of voting, reported the officers elected as follows : 



212 



Societies and their Proceeding*. 



[April, 



President— Daniel A Heald. 

»V -1st, David >'. Ropes; M. the Rot. George B. Bacon. 

Qnautllors—Olirnr S. Carter. Lowell Mason, William F. Steams, Hoary A. 

Howe. .1. im ii Y..«v. I>nTw Oollamorc. 

7V«i*urrr — William A. Brewer, Jr. 

Secretory— Wendell P. Garrison. 

The committee submitted a detailed statement of the results of the system of vot- 
ing used by the society, and it ia such an interesting exhibit of the advantages and 
disadvantage* of chat system that we gift it entire, omitting from necessity certain 
diagrams, which, however, may be seen, with a copy of the " Constitution ami 
Laws " of tho society, and its Cat of members, in the library of the New-Eugland 
Historic, Genealogical Society. 

" TIio general partici|mtiun in this election m compared vrith that of last year was 
scarcely greater, nud**eme to your Committee to have been less than might fairly 
have bet D expected, considering how little trouble is required of the voter. By per- 
sonal solicitation and reminder, and an extension of the time for returning the oal- 
luta, f irty-eight (48) were received by the Secretary in aeaaon for counting, while 
tire came too fatte to be of any use except to manifest the interest of the no>i- 

•• In otb r respects there was a noticeable improvement over last year, partly due to 
the fact etiat each office to be filled had a distinct ballot to be oast for it, whereas in 
the former election three grades of office were confounded on one ballot. There was 
both a much greater freedom in patting thenme name on two or more different bal- 
lots (so that, if afnrurite candidate lictt lii.t chance to be President, be might still 
I <i\ >? a chance to be Vice-President or Counsellor), and the instances were much 
fewer in which tbc same name was repeated on tho same ballot — a perfectly useless 

Krooeeding. But, above all, tho independence of voters and the 
btiotfl ikowsd n m.irkcil and encouraging progrcM. The measure of this inde- 
pendence is the number of candidates who came to the front on the first counting — 
iu o4 Bomb r of fast choices. This number was nineteen, in the case 

both resident* and of Counsellors, nine in tbc case of President. With 

such a diversity of preference, it may seem surprising that the Board elected com* 

Ciaes exactly the earns officers ns are now serving, with one exception, Mr. Colby 
ing replaced by Mr. Hone. The reason of this is, however, that the new candi- 
dates had DO Organised backing. Many of them had hut one supporter, while sue- 
ohm wrig impossible without at least xi < [lot Counsellors) , or at Iea»t sixl 
Vice- President*) , as tho event showed, llud anv eight voters conspired together to 
make Mr. X. their first choice, ho would infallibly havo been elected Counsellor ; or, 
if twenty-four voters had agreo<l on him :ih their lumrile, he would have been chosen 
Vice- President. A larger polling, of course, would have required the agreement of 
a still greater number of persons to make tho aeoesjary quota. 









" Forty-eight votes wore cost for President. Of these Mr. Hcold received 27, Mr. 
Stearns 6, Mr. Bacon 6, Mr. Ropes 3, Mr. Lowell Mason 2, and there were four (4) 
scattering. 

n. 

" Forty -eight Totes were cast for Vice-President. Of these, on the first ootmt, Mr. 
Rones rSOBifad H, Mr. Huron T, Mr. I*>wcll Mason 0, Mr. Steams 6, Mr. ( I. S- Curtcr 
4, Mr. Colby 2. Mr. Bbwl -', Mr. W. J. Bssbs 2. Mr. CollamoreS, and dure were 
ten (10) scattering. As there wi-re only two candidates to be chosen, the quota waa 
2-1 ; but at the close of the ninth count, when every ballot had been distributed, Mr. 
Ropes had only received 17 votes, and Mr. Bacon 10. Fifteen vole* ( Ifl) bad thus 
been lost for want of some concert among tho voters. Let us suppose, however, that 
an ordinary election had been held by the same number of voters, divided into two 
opposi ng parties; a ticket which oommandad but 25 supporters might then have 
carried the day, and S3 voters would have been oompUtely disfranchised, At the 
worst, therefore, tho Hare system in this instance has saved 10 per cent, of the total 
vote lrom going to waste. 

in. 

fy-eightTOtrs were east for Connsollnrs, asset firth in the accompanying tally. 
T hey were :tll distributed in six count*, with a loss of but two ballots — Mr. Colla- 
more receiving two lees than the quota." 







1873.] 



Societies and l heir Proceedings. 



213 



. : i 9 






to 



I GOGOOOtOQoCJieo t* Carter an J Afawm fleeted. 



I I 



I I I! IE 1 



££ r-»6OO0&0Q56oa©»QtO " No election. 



Carter'* turplusdliU-ibuted. 



Sc.ttrnnx distributed, 



WCji^COCfcrt^CkOTiP* s Sttn m$ stated. 



Colby •• rote dJjtrlbated. 



qr.OiCOCoOiCoCo»*»- 



No election. 



aj-q I, Osa>2cCcrf^ 



BlaJ*'» rote dlrtribnted. 



No election. 



If* 



■ rote distributed. 



»ll 



OcCcll OcojOcOd 



7Art.-e, Vote Mid CoUttmOTt 

elcel.-.i. 



Cs 





H 






u 












--. 






B, 






a> 












X 






p 


t* 




a 


w 




r 


DQ 

O 


3 

n 


2 


— 


r, 




w 


a 


r. 


H 
M 




—. 




sj 


O 


O 


6 




- 


- 


n 


o 


i 

— 


C- 


H 


c 


c 


-* 


[5 


M 


X 


II 


8 


n 


-— 

f 




1 


9 


^- 


M 


- 


< 


P 


II 


a" 


rfl 


— - 


ri 

o 


oa 


^ 


&4 






o 




o 


•* 




*•> 


_ 




W 


--i 




£L 


bd 




• — i 






Q 






ET 





tb 



" Tbi* was tti« moat intercrting of the w-Tcral electionflo*beinj» the beet adapted for 
Ihc ajiplirmtKni nfita' Ihire H.vttviii. To illustrate tfca molt ."'ill further, ft count 
wasmndouf the total number of roKscnst fur ench «ucrx*«fulmiKli.lobc,ns follows :" 



Choice i 

Carter 13 

Mason 8 

Stennu ...... 5 

Howe 3 

Vosc 1 

Collaniore .... 2 
"Vol. XXVli. 



2 
5 


3 




4 

2 


5 


6 


7 


S 


9 

1 


IO 
O 


II 


12 


1 


3 


2 


3 


I 


1 


1 


4 


1 


1 


4 


1 


1 





I 


3 





4 


7 


4 


4 


1 


2 


1 


1 


O 





I 


1 


4 


3 


2 





4 


1 


2 


O 


1 


1 


I 


1 


5 


3 


3 


2 


2 


I 





2 





4 


3 


2 


5 


1 


X 


O 


I 









ia* 



214 



S< defies and their Proceeding*. 



[A] 



Tnx Historical axi» PBtiosorinrAi. Soctstt or (CiNCDnuTt) Ohio. 

The annual meeting was held 00 it a 9d of Oeeemher, I 

The librarian, Mr. Juliua Dexter, reported lh rihutions to the library dur- 

ing the Tear numbered 8,393 books and pamphlets besides map-!, broadsides, photo- 
graphs. Indian relics, &c. The number of eontrilmtors was 156. He mentioned 
the gift, by the II tt Harrison, • i final contra* 

Purctia.w between tsory department and John Cleve* Symmes. 

'.tract was made i >■ t . 16, 1788, and b engrossed on two pieces of parchment, 
now yellow from age. It ia signed by .Samuel Mgond, Walter Ij\in^»too m 
tbur !>•© as commissioners of the treasury ; and 1 .y J..hn Cievee Symmes, by Jona- 
than DajtoQ and Daninl Marsh, hie "tton i 

The treasurer, Mr. Robert Clarke, submitted hi* report, showing that the expen- 
ditures were $106.92 more than the. receipts durins the year. Most of the ex- 
(•enditurcn m a printing of proceedings, furniture, catalogue ca 

Arc. The i "i<:v lias u building bo I I $41 I ban on band in cash and 

stocks $1,270.03. 

The following named gentleman were elected officers for the years 1873-73 : 

PrauUnt—}&. F. Force. 

Vice-Praidads— W. II. JTlwei. J. K Wright. 

Corresponding Sccrttary—R. tf. Hayes. 

Recording Secretary— Horatio Wood. 
r.r—V. ,U ?r t Clarke. 

Jjl/rarian — Julias Dexter. 

Curators— E. F. Bliss, J. D. Caldwell, George Graham, J. M. Newton, J. 
ant Walker. 




Tax Pocnrrccx. Vallit Mxxorul Association. 
The fourth annual meeting of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association was 
held in Itacrfield, Mats., on Tuesday, Feb. 85. Among the interesting re-liirsi con- 
tributed to the society the jia*t year, which wrro exhibited at the place of mwt 
I'r. Crawford's church. wo* a well preserved commission, dated 1724, making 
Ebencaor Alexander, whr.*e descendants now live in North!, ijrn in Thomas 

Wells's company. The Alexanders were n military family, and this Kl>enc«er was 
Oapta D I Of meritorious conduct nt the stego of Iouwburg, this coramia- 
i ii. also prcMuted to the association, ltcaring date 1745. A muster roll or his 
c. ijnpnny in als.jp reserved, and a return, signed by him. giving a list of the wounded, 
killed and missing of the kiiur'ft foreea at tin actional ga. The total, ae- 

■ HTiling to bis report, was l.'.'l-'. including Gen. Lord Howe. A copy ■ 
John bbeldon, who built the Indian House, dated April 3, 1726, was exhibited ; also 
a piece of pieturc-framo moulding, mnde from the old oak under which Elder ffm. 
Janes preached the fir«t wrroon in NorthhVl.1, in HIT-'. Tho tree was burned n lew 
years ago, and the moulding was presented by Miss Mary Sttuttou, of Northfiald, 
who Los taken a great interest in antiquarian matters. Here, too, was an ancient 
style ■sinning wheel, such as wn* in use 800 years ago, presented by I H 'mas 

W. Ell] lejj . -I Boston ; also a rude wooden shovel, that was used r>y the pioneer 
settler- hi th<- nllev, I picture of the Boetou Massacre, a piece of lis i by 

Miss t'liloo Allenol" the Bars in 1748, and several other articles of antiquarian value. 
The secretary's report shows that the assoetntiop has now a n p of one 

hnndred am! eight: that one member, Humphrey Stevens, of Greenfield, has died 
within the year, and one person, Henry Hitchcock, of Galesburg. III., has become a 
life-member by the payment of $85. The treasurer's report shows a balance in the 
treasury from n 1967.91, besides which there are $87.83 in the hands of 

the trustees of the Old Indian House Door, whioh "ill be paid over to the associa- 
tion when tho memorial hall is built. The treasurer roceived annual assessment 
fees to the amount of some $85, so that the funds of tho association really amount 
to a little Over (1,100. The president, who in nl«> librarian and cabin re- 

ported a steady increase in donations, and a more urgent demand for a public place 
of deposit nndoxhibition. 

The choice of officers for the vear resulted ns follows: President, the Hon. Geo. 
Slnlinn. 1 1. ■, id. -Li : Pics JHsjftfotfi, the Hon. J nines M. Oralis. Whatcly, S. O. Lamb, 
Greenfield; Corrrspondmg Srcrrt'i-r. ti»- Ivv. Dr. Crawford. Dcorficld ; s—r c tary 
and Treasurer. Nathl. Hitchcock, Deerneld | < *oui nllors, the Rev. Edgar Bucking- 
ham, l»r. K. N. Porter, Dexti r I fluids, O. S. An t Cliilds, Mrs. Honrietta 
Llapp, Deerficld, J. Johnson, Austiu Do Wolf, E. A. Hall, Greenfield, Col. R. H 







1873.] 



BvoJc-Nutices. 



215 



Unfit, Cbarleraont. J. B. Bard well, Shelburne, MissC. A. Baker, Cambridge, E. L. 
Hall 'in. Northficld. l/jreruo Brown, Vernon, Vt. 

At a subsequent meeting ol Sheldon was appointed Librarian 

•snd Cahmt MOMS*, and Dr. It. Crawford, Ur. U. \ Potttt *M I 1 
Finono ( I the etnuiiij; year. 

The meeting at the church waa adjourned, an J about six o'clock Um people of tho 
village gathered at tho town hall to partake ol the collation prepared by the ladies, 
nnd Ultra 10 the literary exettisai that low. 

The walls or the room were honored by tho presence in portrait* of many of tho 
venerable fathers and mothers of tho town. Tlie collection wna made by Nathaniel 
Dihmeock, and waa an interesting feature of the occasion. Among* them were 
paintings of Dr. Goodhue, who was in Doerfield forty or fifty years ago, ami who 
made a donation of $2,000 to Dr. I eawfbrd'l objueb: Dr. \Villi;.ni Stoddard 
WUIianuandhiawife, who was Polly Hoy t. daughter of "Landlord" Hoyt, and bora 
in the Indian House; Ilr. Stephen Williams, sou of the "old Doctor" and hi* 
wife ; Mnj. Dennis Stebbm* and his wife, who are remembered by many of the pre- 
sent day; Edward Russell and wife; Den. Thotnns Grocnougb, ot But 
POwderodwigandTclvetcoatoii.ru bondrad Man agO,sraAdiatEer of the present 
Choreas Qraanongh; Banry Childa, of MTappxag; ("l. aUthn Sort, who was boat 
and diL-J tn thS Indian House, was a member ol both branches of the legislature for 
upward of twenty years, and discharged many high and responsible duties; 
Augutctiir* Wells, (atlii-r ii! 8. I' VV.-IU; Jonathim K. Qhflda, who m highly 
talented and much respected; Mm. Catherine Alexander, of Charle- 
afterward becamo Mrs. Stearns and mother of Mrs. Geo. Sheldon, a baaatiful por- 
trait hv a celebrated Boston artist of her day, and retain inn it" coloring with n- 
nmrkable freshness ; ilr. Quartus Hawks and wife, the latter arrayed in an immense 
loco cap and cape. 

The exercises were inaugurated by the ringing of an old-fashioned hymn. 

ThcKi-v. II. FI. Barber, ol BotDerriUe, aw is a satire of Warwick, read a paper 
carefully prepared by Elisa A. Starr, of Obioago. which graphically 
the Bars Fight, as handed down by tradition through the snusequoDt generations. 
Ur. Hitchcock introduced his portraits to the audience, and then Mi 
lU-ii'l-iTMwrn, whose mother was a resident of Doerfield, read a poem, entitled '• The 
Old Gmw Yard in DeurfMd." 

The remainder of the exercises consisted of an extended genealogical account of 
the Wells family, which will appear in the duly Dumber of the Ksaisran 
was followed by a poem from the Kev. Mr. Barber, remarks on tho Deerlield mas- 
sacre by Mr. J. Johnson, and a poem by Fisher Ames Fustcr, of Washington, D. C, 
read by Miss M. Severance. 



BOOK-NOTICES. 

Anti-Slavery Opinions be/ore the Tear 1800. Read before the Cincinnati 
Literary GInb, November lb", 1878. Hy William Ptodyjucx P i 

Librarian of the Public Library of Cincinnati. — To which is appfl 
Fac Simile? Reprint of Dr. George Buchanan's Oration on the Moral and 
Political Evil of Slavery, delivered at a Public Meeting of the Maryland 
Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, Baltimore, July 4, 
1791. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1873. 8vo. pp. 82 and 20. 

In the small collection of books and pamphlets, called the library of George Wash- 
ington, and which belonged to liitn. DOW in thS library of tlir BoStOD 
is a tract containing the oration of l'r. George Huehnnan, bearing the title given 
above, which he delivered in Baltimore before an anti-slavery soviet;. . only four 
years after the adoption of the federal constitution. This oration contains opinions 
and sentiments of tin? most radii 

Mr. Poole rightly thought socii "an incident worthy of historical recognitioo, 
and a place in an tor.-." Starting with this incident. Mr, Poole 

has made a careful and diligent inquiry how lux the opinions ol Dr. Buchan- 



216 



Boo1i-Sotice$. 



[April, 




en represent (he current sentiments of that time on the subject of slavery. In mir- 

the opinion* and sentiment* of mosl of the leading 
andaoatbern states is- ilc u» the ■-■•mirm- 

ance of the African stare-trade, but tbm on both moral and economical grou 
they witc earnestly desirous of extiti .very aa fast a - 

be done safely and lawfully. In *w he draw* la: 

cvrrev ..ndence of Mr. Jefferson. He finds that the Iir>t anti-* . 
or H "untry, was formed, April 14, 1T7.'», in Phfli ><■ Nrw- 

Y-.rk, January 25, 1785; the London. Jnly 17, 1787; the Paris, in February, 
178- H . . fa 1788; the Marjfand.Septembi r -, 1786 : tin? Rhode Island, 

in iTs.i Lent, in Hlmi , and the New-Jersey, in 

179s}. In addition to these state-societie* there were several local *■ 
ginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. These srvietie* by their delegate* first met in 
oonv«'iiti> ia, January 1, 1794, and these conventions were held 

annually fur una] yean. 

Frum . aud from the uttermnoM and labors of these societies and con- 

vention. Mr. Poole concludes •' thai lea that the political anti-sln- 

wx\ :u'H :'-i'in was forced up-m the Sooth DJ (he North, and especially by Mmo- 
cbusetts, is not a correct one; " and he ad'ls that " in the second period of excited 
cunt i I 'JO to 1830, the South again took the laid. In 1827. there were 

hundred and thirty abolition - ; - States. Of these one 

lui 1 a were in the slaveholdiug states, and New-Kiiglnud and 

New Fork. Of these societies eight were in Virginia, eleven in Mar 
the District ol Columbia, i «▼, twenty-five in Tenneaseo"(witli a au 

bership of one thousand), and titty in NottD Carolina (with a nicmhcrxhip of three 
thousand persons). " 

[neo :. 'in with the text, Mr. Pools gives much biographical, anecdotal and 
statistical Batter, which sobs inteteat and merits of the work. 

uidsomely printed, and must be regarded as a very valuable con- 
tribution to the literature of the subject on which it mats. 

Collections of the Minnesota fiistoricul Society. Volume I. Being a Re- 
publication of the Origina] Parte issue 1 1850-51-52-53-56. St. 1'aul : 
Haiualoy, Chancy & Co., Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 519. 

In the year 1849 a territorial ftorernment was organized over the t 
Minnesota, which then comprised lWi.lfll square mile*. There were thou bnt tnree 
or bar ' urns, and St.. PaoJ < ntained onlv 400 or 500 inhabitants, while the white 
popu lat'i in of the territory did not exceed" 1500 persons. In 1850 lbs populal 
was a I. nit 0000. I" 1858 a portion ol this Usrritorj (83,531 :<;;unre miles) was 
ilie populnti-'ii of which, iu 180", was 172.083; and in 1870 it was 
430,700, "iilv n small fraction of which was of foreign birth. The advance of i 
state in wealth, schools, and the productive industries, bos been as remarkable as 
in tbi i potation 

Iu IfW t?W Minnesota tlintniinal Boeistj was organised, and it* prosperity has been 
almost un< n the historj of such institutions. Its affairs have beonadzo 

i.»ti red an of energy, teal and intelligence, like those who havo managed 

ivil aflkin of the state ; concerning whom we are Justine I innm ting the language, 
ofa cunt. • 1 1 1 1 >■ -niry . *' there is nothing too Battering to predict?! the future k'rvatneas 
and nroaperltj of B people who commence to write their history as soon as I 
foiin lonwealth are laid." This work the society entei 

■t anon, and lb* asvernl volutin* and parts of relumes issued by the society bLdos 
that r and enterprise. 

'I'ln- 1. tnine before us ii s repnblicati at the expense of the state, of the first 

Vol unit' which was issued in parts, tl litions '•' which were exhausted some 

time ago. Tin* strictly historical contents of the volume are as follows: Th< 

ota, in the I7|h century, by the Rev. K.I). Ncill ; I' 
tianoT Minnesota (1850), by the Hon. II. if. Siblej . Our Field ol Hi lie- 

search, by the Hon. Alexander Ramsey; Organization of Minnesota Territor 
Early I £ Minnesota, bi tho Hon. Aaron Goodrich ; Barb Schools of Minne- 

sota, bi l>. •' A. llakcr; Religious Movements in Minnesota, by the Rev. O. 1 1 > •— 
bart ; The Dakota Langui he li«-v. S. R. Rigjj> ; Hi*torj nnd I 1 

Geography of Minnesota, bj H K. Sobooleraft; Letter from Prof. W \v. Mather, 

the iieolo . • if Mcsnard (French Romnn Catholia Mispiouar. . 

the Indians about Lake Superior], by the Rev. K. D. KcUl ; The St. I.ouU 







1873.] 



Book-Notice*. 



217 



River, by the Rev. T. M. Fullerton ; Ancient Monnds and Memorial*, by 
Messrs. Pond, Alton and Rig| lerafVe Exploring Tour in 166 

Che Kct. W. T. Routwell ; Battle of Lake Pokegunui, by die Rev. K l». N.-ill ; 
Jean N. Niceolct, bv the Hon. II. II - M-'v; a Sketch of Joseph Ren- 
ville. bj the Rev. B. I>. N. -ill iDtpirtmtntof Ho l-.;.'* Bay. by the Rev. (J. A. Bel- 
COaxfj Obituary of James M. Goodhue ; Dakota Jjind and Dal 
Rev. E. L>. Neil) : Who were the first men? by the Kev. T. S. Williamson; Louis 
'■ I r.iri.'iscsa : Sieurdu Luth, the Explorer between Mille Lies tod 
Lake Superior : La Soonr, the Bfcidu r w ir Miiiiiwoii liim . inUr\ille, an Ab- 
stract •>( his Memorial, &c. ; The Fox and Ojibvra War; (.'opt. Jonn. C»r ' 
his Exploration.* ; Pik Id Minnesota ; Who i! 

by William Aloniv, i ■ , :t ( i\, : - Baalling: K mining the Gauntlet, by 

W». J. Smiling; Reminiscences, Historical and Personal, by the Hun. 11. If. 
Sibley. 
The volume contains a great deal of matter of permanent interest and value. 

Practical Information concerning the. Public Debt of I.' ;. with 

thr National Hanking Laws for Hanks, Hankers, Broktrs, Hank Directors, 
and Investors. By William A. Richardson, Assistant Secretary of the 
Tn usury. Washington, D. C. : W. H. and O. II. Morrison, Law Tub- 
li -I. an and Booksellers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 186. 

Thix manual, which has the stamp of the highest authority, will be found to be 
of great value to all who seek for full and accurate lnl iu regard 

public debt, aim) the lawe tad reguJetaooa relating to national banks. Part I. gives 

E tactical information ooneerning the public ifebt Part II. gives thi di 
Ulking laws, with notes aud references to the decisions of the courts and op 
of the attorney -general thereon. The index is full and minute. 

A Citapter of the History of the War of 1812, in the Northxcest. Embracing 
thr Surrender of the Aort.'itr/strr /t Ar- ft at Detroit, August 10, 

1812 ; with a D Sketch of the celebrated Indian 

Chief 7'ccmnxrh. Hy Colonel Wn.UAM STANLBI H\rrn. Volunteer in 
the Cincinnati Light Infantry, and, from the Invasion of Canada in tin 
Surrender of the Army, Acting Assistant QoerteP-MutM General of that 
Army. Cincinnati: Miami Printing and Publishing Company. 1872, 
18mA. pp. 166. [For sale by Robert Clarke c* Co., Cincinnati. Price 
81,25.] 

This unpretending little volume is quite an interesting addition to the history of 
events referred to in the long title given above. It deals mainly with the opera- 
tion* of Ui.-n. Hull, inn I hi.« -urr.n Icr, and gives additional facte in regard to 

tin .-!. ir M'tei and i ' «• i - f i of Xeewa ..'ii. 

■f tf* Great Fire. By ■ Cableton." Bostou : Shepard and 

(iii i. 1H72. IStaa. pp. 32. 

h a graphic description of the greatest of the "Great Fires " of Boston, 
that of November, 1878, iUostrated Divings from designs by Killing*. DIM 

■other, Charles Catlctou Cofliu, is widely and favorably known as an author aud 
lecturer. j. w. i>. 

Mansfield Sis*y Years Ago. A Lecture delivered in Mansfield, April 23, 
1873. By Rev. George Leoxard. 

It is profitable for a people as well as an individual to pause occasionally and 
look back to we the progress it has made ; and the Rev. Mr. Leonard has done a 
good service to his people and to Die em rv. m preparing the lecture now 

MRM us. During the period which he luw reviewed iw gn.itt an ■dvmni • 
li!v been made in tin- oomfbrta ami t-nnvenieucesoi life as had pre- i made 

■I the Pilgrims to that time. The younger readers of thi- pea* 
phlet will l)e surprised to learn that so many of the necot*«nrfu* of life, as they are now 
considered, have been introduced within the last sixty years. t. w. D, 



218 



Book'Noi 



[April, 



The PnbHc RtcortU of tie Colony of Conn , 1717, to 

■. 1715. franc , accordance I 

tion of i»w Uuneral Assembly. By CaAHLBS J. HoADtT, ! irarian of 
Btetfl Library. Hartford : Press of Case, Luck wood & lirainard- 
1872, 8m pp. "iv. and 602. 

If the sixth of a scries of volume* devoted to the public records of whnt is 
now t' a already spoken of tins import- < 

. md of the excellent manner in which it lias so ar been edited. Tlw work 
One feels the utmost conndene*. • the test is t 

editor, that he has a correct transcript of the original, Ibis volume coreta a 
of the hi«tory of the Colony of Connecticut, which was undisturbed by an] 
eeriou-. ,it home or abroad. There is abundant evidence on alnvjet 

every pn;^e that the energies of the people were engaged in efforts to lay on a broad 
and Wide basis the foundation of their social and civil life. 

,'ener»l assembly exercised a fostering but always " cautious " interest in 
the promotion of manufactures ami other industries, and in the cause of p 
education. The rights and wclfar.- ..I tl..- Indians within the limits of the colony 
were protected and jealously guarded . 

The general assembly en<i simulate private enterj>ri>* by gr-- 

apecinl licences. Hemv in 1717, Kdward llinnian was authorised to make corn- 
stalk molasses within the county of Fairfield, for the next ten year*. | 
ibould " make as good molasses, and as cheap as comes from t 
In 1718, licence was granted to John Pruut, Jr.. Muses Mansfield, and Jeremiah 
Attwatcr, *• to set up n mill to improve the flax-seed of this colony, end 
tractingand producing of linseed oyl ; " and, in 1719, U •• earns |>«*oo* were 
ed the exclusive right to make "linseed and rape oyl." In 1710 
and his a-v. icintcs nsked and obfa in I the ri^lit '• to set up a 
river i mi oilfield, in the ( 

shirr, 1. 1 *! it and draw out iron rod* for nail.-. iher artifi n tlwir 

work and nse." The right was limited to the next fifteen years, but if the • 
of Massachusetts shotiii duty on said wares, then Fitch and a»- 

mm required to act up another mill. and felieit.i-.i -talia- 

kianl I i" i, JUc&ard Itageis, of New-London, gained thee* t"to 

make due! dvalenttoH ick," fur th 

There are frequent proofs thai the general assembly took a dcci 
• '""I' runny vicissitudes, wac 

wu, Wetberefield and New-tlaveo were i 
fur the UxaftJ a. BraqneDt though -mull grants were made I . 
these was n l a poo "rhum 

the Wrart Indies. la the legislation which finally settle.! the local 
lege, we evo evidence that the jealousy of llartiord and Saybrouk, at least, was 

-rants of money. 
_ That tin.' ip'.mrv ol 'tin was carefully guarded and that no leak 

sites were allowed, is seen in the entry underrate ol ' '■ Uiber. 171" 
constables in attendance M the assembly " 3 t(hillings] per diem, tweni 
the sum of three pounds, and to Mr. Trobridgc. (ore inire of jmper, the sum 
of two shillings. Out of the public treasury." 

The assembly was also capable of expressing a sort of grim humor now and then. 
In L7S8 the Enferior ooun ordered the reputed rather of a bastard child to 
pay a certain sum towards its support. The en mty the 

targe of fornication in tin the 

superior court ravened tin fit of the Infer! ir court. The assembly, 

evidently thinking •' a hint in hand was worth two in the bush." reversed the 
mm of the aaparior OOQTt, and compelled the "reputed father,*' though ac- 
quitted of die crime, to i • maintenance. Somebody must p 

The earliest use of the "' previous question " in the proceedings of the assembly 
is found, my* Mr. ll..adly. in the debates on the location of Yale College. 

Xbe tith-"|.Kige of the volume lienrw an im , •!-■ •■' '■.! ill' »"d in 

1711, which oontaiusan error [Vonnahxn$is for I tonus). This error 

remained uncorrected till 17*4. 

There is further -l >■ •ouientarv evidence here also relating to the vexed questions 
as to the bouudarica of the colony. 



1818.] 



Book-Xoticc*. 



219 



Col" Vbrtk. 15 v the Rev. B. F. De Costa. 

•I "I'll-.' Pre-Columbian D b eOT M ] i •>;. thi- .S.-i ilnin-n." 

The Church Press: M. II. Mallory aiid Company, Ilartloul, I 
1872. -Ito. large paper, pp. 23. 

Mr. He Costa hns mode, in various forms ond in several work*, valuable contribu- 
to tlm literature of tlio subject of the early voyages for dJSO . leenland 

and the coast of America. Wbatevsi h« writes apon the subject in entitled to tho 
candid and respectful attention due to intelligent and critiml InTtt 

In this tract he seeks to establish the Susie, thai Oolumbui ire* inttrti 
nud directed bj thsseooonti which tbe Northmen carried buck to Borope of tLvir 
: in Arn--: rs. In the courro uf his discussion, he 

giv« I nedoet and char history of these voyages, and examine* caremllj 

the principal objections advanced against tha daiinj lor the Northmen &f having 
made pre-Columbian discoveries of this continent. And upon a nrffl of the 
proofs, and due weighing of all the circumstan< - to the c tn-liiMon that 

ponl m uitiu: BortS Atlantic eoast nn \i-it.-.i iiv Northman, rod thai aol "iiiy was 
ihr jiiformation which tin-v pained widely a^sstaiiaeted through EaroM, long prim 
t" the first voyage of Columbus, but that he was great!., Indebted to tola knowledge. 
We d-j not sec how the proofs can lead to any other result. At least tho argument 
in it* favor is so strong that those who refuse to admit the conclusion bene reached 
arc put ujfon the duicuaira. 

P r o v in cial PlMM. Documents and Records relating to the Province of 
II i<npshire,jrom 1749 to 1703 : Gtmtatning very valuable and inter- 
esting Records and Papers relating to the Crown Point Exjtedition. and 
Seam Years French and Indian Wat* 1755-1762. Published 
by Authority of the Legislator* of Ncw-IIump>-hiic. VbloflM VI. 
Compiled and Edited be Nathaniel Bouton. D.D., Corresponding 
Secretary of tho New*HaDpaMra Histories] Society. Manchester: 
JamuH M. Campbell, State Primer. 1873. 8vo> pp* xfL end 

Among other matters of importance to all interested in the history of Xew- 
Hampshirr, tliis volants contain* the doenmentary arideoei of tha long controretej 
between Q A ■ 1 ii lining WOBtWDTth and the house of representatives, u> to hi> right 
to negatta their aoaue of a speaker, aod nine what t endued 

t. ) representation ; the conspiracy lor his reuuiTa], in which Ilichar'l - and 

Col. Isaac Boyal] rare the oUal acton ; lbs aeUi f tbs pwrini i and Ua ralai 

the matter oftbe Crown Point expedition, and the Ion 
war, known as *' the Seven V .ir.->' War " ; the extension and growth 
en end western sections of the province; and the acti ool rnment in 

iavor of ' Bleassr Whcctock*- plan Bar tastraotfnn thi I Besides 

these there are additional document*, relating to the Maaouiuu title, and other pa- 
per* of value. 

The next volume, the 7th and Last of the Provincial lepers, will. editor, 

contain all records, papas and doaumeuta, to be Ibund relating to the ante-revo- 
! ni tnary period and the administration of John Went worth, the hut uf the royal 
governors ill tin DV01 inOB 

This volume seems to bo carefully prepnred, is supi >Ii si with faqoait uotoi, baa 
like the previous volumes of the series a g ■■ I in lax, and is very well print 

i that the legislature of New-Hampsbin will carry the publica- 
tion forward at least through the rerelation&rj war. 

The Ncw-IIamp.-hirc Historical Society is to celebrate iU 50th anaiveraary on the 
99d day of Mny nc> - EL K.-ll will doUrST M addflSB, Un- 

doubtedly some una Mire will th '■ 'I tO Surtb t thil DnJbMSal n. 

Will »f Stmttti f. Wag. — William A. Richardson, Asa BaUtr, diaries 
G. Way, EQit W. Morton, KxectUors and Tranters. Boston : Wright & 

Potter, Printers. 1872. Br» pp. :>i. 

Wc are indebted to Judge Richardson, who hns recently been confirmed as 
secretary of the treasury, hi I Bopjl ol this interesting will, which with its seven 
eodieib OOOOpisJ 60 pages of the book. 



220 



BoohXohcts. 



Mr Way left ft Twy l*T(r« estate. The only provisions of the will, however, of 
special public interest, ia U»e munificent provision made for tbo benefit of the natdk 
■Mm "t. IImj following is the material part of this portion of the will . 

■r satisfying tl.e requirement* of the herein before mentioned trust*, enu- 
merated under clause ' Ninth . the said trustees shall hold and 
apply the balance of the property tbat shall remain in, or at any time come 
bawls under and by virtue of this will, upon trust for the benefit of the Nkxsls- 
wokex or in* Cttr or Boston, in the Commonwealth of Massactn. ap- 

[f tin! same to I* made, as far as shall seem prscticablc to the said trustee*, 
D the exercise of their sound discretion, in the manner herein suggested. 

" My design is to ameliorate to Borne extent the condition of tin- Urge claas of 
industrious women of the said city who gain their livelihood by sewing. A* the 
chief embarrassments to which tins class of person* are cxiKecd result from a failure 
of employment at certain seasons, and a scarcity of suitable dwelling places, it u 
ay wish that they may be relieve.! by a supply of work when ordinary source* fail, 
ana by the provision of houses containing convenient, healthlul ajuuti i dly 

adapted to their accommodation. 

" My principal object is to help workers to constant employment at fair price*, 
and to dcsirahle bouses atmir rents. 

" Vfnsn, however, the realixation of this object is so far effectuated that the said 
trustees shall consider that, in the furtherance of my design, direct i aid 

may bo properly extended to those in need, who may be unable to work, I desire 
that such aid may be bestowed under suitable limitations. 

•' Bunt under extraordinary circumstances, it is my wish tbat such aid shall not 
be offered to any one person for a longer period than three successive month*, pre- 
ferring rather to extend temporary relief to the casually necessitous, Uian to pro . 
for other cases which are better met by the liberal beneficence of our many charitable 
institution. 

" I suggest that the snid trustee* create from the property held on this trust, two 

proportionate amounts as may seem expedient, one to l«e retarded as 

a labor fund and the other as a building rand . that these two funds be allowed to 

accumulate, if necessary, but as soon as practicable they be employed respectively 

in supplying work and building houses. 

" rhe supply of wurk mat b* provided J>y investing capital in undertaking the 
mam od sale of the various descriptions of goods produced by sewing 

women. Stores and salerooms may be opened, or goods may be manufactured upon 
conti i v are, however, to "be manufactured at tunes when sewing women 

are nast in want of employment. 

" Cm bouses to be erected should be sufficiently largo to be built economically ; 
they should be conveniently arranged, with ample provi«ions tor light and air, and 
be pleasantly k> nouldbelct to sewing worn 

renujjnnd theproceedsjipplied in carrying out the intentions 1 have expressed. 

Tlii- it "ill 'as seen creates n perpetual trust, which we doubt not will I *■ well and 
beneficently administered by Judge Richardson and his associate*, and their suc- 
cessors. 

The 1'fstry Boot of flfMrtM Parish, Virginia, 1730-'73, com pr is in g a 7j7#- 
torg of the Erection of, and otfier interesting facts < the 

vetmritlJe St. John's Church, Richmond, Virginia, from ihi Origintd 
Manuscript, irith Notes and introduction, liy U. A. l.taoCK, member of 
tbo Virginia Historical Society, and corruspomlhi" u Uio Nuruis- 

io:< v of 1'enu. ; the Archeological and Numismatic . of 

New- York, and the Numismatic Society of Boston. <dt 

(Ufa Hiehmond, Va, 1872. 4to. pp. text, 167; preface and 

introduction, xvii. ; appendix, 88; total, 212. 

This volume constitutes No. 5 of Wynne's Historical Documents, notices of which 
btV* appeared in the : from time to time. This series of papers is both 

valuable m»l tatarcstil publication n -llccts great credit upon all concerned, 

bol i-pf^irdly upon the Hon. Thomas II. Wynne at whose cost this volants, and we 
believe its predecessors also, have been published. In this patriot io and praise- 
worthy labor Mr. Wynne sod the editors of these volumes are successfully resett- 
ing fi I ant part ol the ancient history of their win uion wealth : 
memorials of the most interesting events, scenes, localities and incidents in b< 



1873.] 



Book-Svticu. 



221 



nals ; and the names, deeds, and chief personal characteristics of the most conspicuous 
actors. Not only this, hut they are unconsciously though inevitably Marling the 

only durnMc BUM oteoi tfaafl own names, which .mII last when the memory of 

«|iIi.tiiit:i1 politician* mid mere aggrandir-crx of wealth, who chiefly monopolize tbo 
attention <if the wiirld ui the present time, shull b 

AH who are in any degree acquainted with the early history of Virginia must 
know that not the least interesting and important part uf it b the history of Banrjeo 
Pferiah. Within it* aatouafN limit* wax tb* WOODd *ettlement made in the colony, 
the town of rJcnricopoli» (afterward known as Henrico), which wo* founded by 
Sir Thomas Dale in Ifill. In this pnrinh the lirwt matin measures on n large scale 
were instituted for the promotion of education in the colony,— the enterpii- 
resulted in the endowment ami mtahlidum-ut of Willinin and Mary College. 
The most interesting visible memorial of this ancient parish is the venerable 2»t. 
John's church, in tho city of Richmond, whose history is given in the introduction 
to this book. It may be justly called the fostering temple of liberty in Virginia, 
for here it was that Patrick Henry uttered tlmt iiiijia.-eiimrd mid i-flective app 
arms, which suiniuoned and moved die sons of Virginia ts the defence of their im- 
perilled rights. Here met, also, several of tlie patriot conventions, including that 
which ratified the federal constitution. 

Tho text of this volume comprises nearly oil that BlU'VllH of the records of tins 
pariah. The Vestry Book commences with the minutes fat tin- year 1730, and In- 
cludes those for the year 1773. 

In the introduction to this elegantly printed volume, Mr. Brock has given a con- 
densed history of Honrieo Parish, and has appended copious torxijrraphienl and gene- 
alogical notes. These add much to its historical value. The edition is limited to 
100 copies. 

General Washington* Head Quarters in Cambridge. A Pajtrr raid lx-f.re 

■ h. Watsachiisetts Historical Surietjf in SiptURMr, 1872. Bj CirATtr.KS 
Deane. Fifty copies reprinted from i' C , I 

of John Wilson & Son. 1873. 8vo. pp. 0. 

ThiB pnper is principally devoted to an examination of the correctness of tbo state- 
ment made by tlio late President Felt. in, uf Harvard University, to Washington 
Irving, that the " I'n-id. ntH Houm?" aswigmd K0 Qeo. Washington bj thi P*©" 
\iiie>;il OongteBB, June 2<», 1775, v generally supposed, the house of the 

President of the College, but that of the President of the Congress. Dr. Deane finds 
no evidence tlmt the president of the congress hod at that or any other time a house 
in Cambridge, and proves conclusively that l*res. Felton was mistaken in bis a-«- 
tertion. General Washington, bowtTtr, il he occupied the " President's House," 
which was unsigned him, resided there only a few weeks, when be removed to BN 
Vassal! or Cruigie house, so well known as lii-« Head Quartan, now tin- residence of 
the poet Longfellow. An interesting description of the President's House and a 
\ic\v of it are given. J. w. D. 

Paul Lunts Diary. May — December, 1775. Edited by Samuel A. 
QflOMB|M.D. Boston i For Private Distribution. 1872. 8vo. pp. 19. 
[Press of John Wilson & Simis. Cambridge. A reprint lVoiu the Proceed- 
ings of tho Massachusetts Historical Society, far February, 187 2. J 

The editor's preface contains a brief noticcof Lt. Paul Lunt. communicated by the 
Don. George Lunt, of Boston, from which it appenr* tlmt add v»n\ was a dawtodant 
of Henry Lunt, one of the original settlers ot the town of Newbury, in 1035. Ha 
was a first lieutenant of the first company raised in Newburv during the revolu- 
tionary war, and w Inch w .i- conunaQded by his kinsman Ezra Luut. This company 
actively participated in the I'M .krr Hill. I'u u I afterward served as an oflieer 

in Arnold's expedition for the siege of Quebec. He returned to his farm in New- 
bury after his military service, tin. I died in ISM. 

The diary opaai with the ""ifhfng Of bit company from Newhuryjjort, WedneB- 
day. May 10, 1775, and ends with the entry under date of Saturday," Dec. 23, 1775. 
Lt. Lunt reports that tho enemy killed at Bunker Hill butlJo " uljout 50 of our men, 
wounded about 80. We killed ot the king's troop BOS, KM • 

He mentions no one as in command in the fight ol June 1', and only refem tv " L»r. 
Warren " as "lout in the buttle." 
XXVII 20 



222 Book-Notices. [April, 

A Memorial Discourse of Bishop Eattbnrn, delieered in Emmanuel Church, 
Boston, on Sunday, December 8, 1872. By the I u \l. 

Vixtoh. (PublMied by Rexjueet of the Congregation.) Boston : Alfred 
Mudge &, Son. Priuters 34 School street, 1873. 8vo. pp. 30. 

This in a remarkable dMwr.ur*>, not only in its bold, jnst, and impartial analysis 
of the late bishop's public and private character, but also in iU livid and exhau**iTe 
statement of the condition and circumstances under which be exercised the duties of 
hia episcopal office. 

Dr. Vinton is a master of the highest and heat style of public discourse, and 
whatever he utter* ia likely to command the attention nf the public, and especially 
of the church, of which he has long been an able and distinguished member, and 
into the highest counsels of which we trust bo is Boon to be called. 

* Always abounding in the work of the Lord." A Strmon in Memory of the 
Reverend George T. Chapman, D.D. By Gkobge 1). JomtSOH, B 
of St. Paula Church, Ncwburyport. Newburypurt : William IL Huse 
& Co, Printers, No. 42 State street. 1872. 8vo. pp. 12. 

The late ]>r. Ohspi—n vw IB eminent nml fur a long period an efficient presbyter 
of the Protestant Episcopal efaueh. and tli.' godly lite and arduous 

labors in the ministry will ever l»e held in grateful memory by thousands who were 
the subjects «f his pastoral and personal interest, Mr. Johnson, in hiacJoqOeotaad 
well considered memorial dkc oaiaa. pays » fitting tribute to I>r. Chapman's • 
meter, his official serviern : i r 1 . sod the world, and the influence of his 

sermons on •' The > Ministry, Worship, and Doctrines of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church," eight editions of which have gone to the press. 

We shall publish an obituary notice of Dr. Chapman iu the Recistkb for July. 

The Penn Monthly. Terms : $2.50 in advance j single copies, 25 cents; 
five copies will bo supplied fur $10 per annum. Editor: Kobert Ellis 
TnoMPaox. Manager: John C. Sims, Jr. Office ; 506 Walnut street, 
Philadelphia. 

Tint Prvx Monthly U published regularly CTery month, in Philadelphia 
aims to be an exponent and defender of sound views respecting politics, public af- 
faire, education and social improvement. It also aims to lie a magazine for all 
timothy the discussion of question* of public Interest in literature, science, art nod 
philosophy, treated hi thoughtful way. The contributors ban 
guished as thinkers and student- both in Philadelphia and in other cities ot 
Country. The Pbmc Monthly- has entered upon itafntrlh year, having become fully 
established nnd it* permanent success beyond a question secured. It will v .minus 
to diacuMx the furious Questions i . as tnry arise; rsipecially the national 

finances, the true theory ol i»»liticnl righw, the dutiee of the m.i :.-. in. I it- relation 
to education nnd homo industries. Papers upon art-subjects and the appli 
the arts to industries will appear from time to time. New books, both American 
and foreign, will he examined in the spirit of impartial criricism, ai ular 

efforts will be made to render critical notion mi In able for their fulneas and 
thoroughness. We take increasing interest in this magazine. 

The College Couranf, n Weekly Journal, derated to lite Interttfs <f Cn/lcga, 
I'uiversities, and the Higher Education. Office, 458 and 460 Chapel 
street, opposite Yale College, Now Haven, Conn. 

Thk Collkiz CornuNT is published fifty week* in the year, the semi-annua 
Tolumos of twenty-flvo numbers each, beginning on the Bret Saturdays oj January 
and Jul v. The subscription price, payable in advance. U Four Dollars a TOST, -.'r 
Two Dollars and a Hull fin DZ inontha. Pite copies will be sent for $17, and ten 
copies for f 30. Club terms with other periodicals, and special advertising rates, 
furnished on applktition. 

The date of the expiration of etch subscription is indicated on the printed I 
which by turn* is a receipt and a bill. A delay of three month* iu paying 
scriptioii increases its cost to $1.50, and u delay ol biz mouths to $5.00. The post- 






1873.] 



Drill,*. 



223 



nge (Five Cent* a quarter), i* payable at the office where the paper •* received. 
8 ibacriben ootddt tin- I sited State* ore charged the price of foreign postage in 
•II to the regular rate*. All remittances kiioiiM be made by pot-office money 
order, registered letter, draft, or check ; and nil commas !n:>aldbeaddreMed 

to the Publisher* of " Thk CotxneK Cm k»\t," New Hnven, Conn. 

The College Cournnt i* ably conducted, and i» almost indispensable to the grad- 
uates of American colleges. 



DEATHS. 



[The subscriber* to the Rsoistsu ore 
invited to continue to aend obituary notices 
to the editor. These will be pkc.nl in 
the archives of the Nbw-Exolakd Ilia- 
Toato, Gxhcalooical Socianr, lor pre- 
servation and reference ; but on account of 
our limited space we shall not b« able 
hereafter to print wore than a brief abstract 
of Huch notices. — En iron.] 

Axnrruaox. — ring. Gen. Robert Anderson, 
U.S.A., d. Oct. 20, 1871, in Nice. Italy. 
He was born in Kentucky. June 14, 
1806 ; graduated at the Military Aca- 
demy in 1826 ; entered the army as lieu- 
tenant in the 2d artillery. Ilia service 
rh the Black. Hawk war. in 1832, 
Seminole war in 1835, and Mexican 
war, led to his rapid promotion. He 
was for a time an instructor in the 
military academy, and at n later dote 
a»»istant in *pec tor- general of the army. 
After the Mexican war he waa governor 
of a military asylum in Kentucky which 
he founded. 

In I860 he was plnced in command of 
the fortification* in Charleston (8. C.) 
harbor. Hire ho remained so long oa 
he could do any service to the govern- 
ment, and till he was compelled to lravn 
his post by an overpowering insurgent 
force. Hia conduct and thnt of 1 
low officers and the lew soldier* that 
constituted his force has passed into his- 
tory as among the touching incident* of 
the late civil war. 

His health was seriously affected by 
the care* and sufferings of the war, and 
he sought in vain in foreign lands for 
relief. 

Gen. Anderson was a faithful, pru- 
dent, and meritorious officer, and a 
gentleman of the highest type of char* 
acter. 



Atwood.— The Hon. Archelaus T>. At- 
wood, a prominent citizen of Orrington, 
Me., died in Chelsea, Mass., Feb. I ;. 
aged 77 (anir, vol. xxr. p. SGI), lie 
had been a subscriber to the Hi;gistlb 
from its commencement. 

Diooer. — Mrs, Elisabeth Spooner Bigger, 
wife of Jaraea E. O. Bigger, of Stockton, 
died in Stockton, Cal.. Jan. 10, 1873, 
aged 48 years, 2 months, 8 days. 

Her father was Rccd Spooner, wbo 
was bom in Atruahnct, Mass., May 4, 
1790. died in Cincinnati, O., September 
10, 1836. 

Her mother was Abigail, daughter of 
CapL Samuel and Abigail (Tolman) 
Lewis, who was born in l-'almouth, 
Haas., November 8. 1707, died in Cin- 
cinnati, April 10. 1S30. 

She had a liberal education in the 
academies of the Messrs. Pickett, and 
John Locke. M.D. From 1S3U to 1861, 
she waa employed aa an instructor in 
public school* of Cinrinn.-iti; in 
1840 she united with the Ninth Street 
Baptist Church. 

She was married June 28, 1861, and 

the following November, went to Cali- 

t, with her husband. Two of her 

ehikiren survive her; the eldest, 

Ella Jane, married William G. Belts, a 

merchant in Stockton. 

Mr*. Bigger was a woman of warm 
sympathies, ardent in her attachments, 
generou*. and most devoted to her family 
and friend*. 

Her father was *ixth in line of descent 
from William and Hannah (Pratt) 
Spooner, who was in Plymouth as early 
as 3037. and an *arly settler uf Dart- 
mouth, in which he field a proprietary 
interest. 

Her mother, by her father, was a 



224 



Itoffti 



fcAl 



descendant of George and Sarah (Jen- 
kin*) Ltwkt from county of Kent, 
land, in Plymouth 1633, Scituato 1686 ; 
and, by her mother, ahc wu a descendant 
of Thomas Tolmon, who U reported to 
haw come in &.<■ •• Mary and John," 
in 1630, settled in Dorchester, and lo- 
cated at "Pine Neck," now "Port 
Norfolk" (asrfe, xiv. 2*7). e. 

Oon.n — Mm. Mary Gould, wife of the 
lion. Samu I I .v - I'ortlond, 

Maine, died in that town, Jan. 2. 1873, 
■fed 67 yean, 10 months, 20 days. 

Four of her five children survive her, 
and are living In New-Portland. 

Mr*. Gould was the third child of 
Dr. Ward and Betsey (Parker) .Spooner, 
of New- Portland ; granddaughter of 
Ward and Abigail (Per*) Spooner, of 
New-Bedford; great-granddaughter of 
Isaac and Hutli (Gardner) Spooner, of 
Dartmouth ; gr. gr. granddaughter of 
William and Alice (Black) Spooner. of 
Dartmouth; gr. gr. gr. granddaughter 
of Jolm Spooner, of Dartmouth ; and gr. 
gr. gr. gr. granddaughtrr of William 
and Elisabeth (Partridge) Spooner, of 
Plymouth, 1G37, subsequently of Dart- 
mouth, a. 

Grant.— Samuel Grant died in Phila- 
delphia, on the morning of the 23d of 
8«ptanber, 1872, in the 90th year of hU 
aire : one of her oldrst and m«t suceesa* 
fnl merchant*, with whom the buiinoat 
progresa of that city, for the baat tilty 
years or more, had been intimately as- 
sociated. 

His itrundfnthcr, Samuel Grant, lived 
on Union at., Boston, and his store was at 
" the sign of the Crown and Cushion, near 
the Town Dock, 1786." His father, 
Moms Grant, was horn in Union street, 
24th January. 1742. He was one of 
the memorable tea merchant* who ic- 
fuaed to pay tribute to English tyranny, 
and encouraged the act of open resist- 
ance, lie was al»o nnc of the party who 
secured the Odd pieces of tho English 
troops, and hid them under the old 
school-house in Mason strccrt. Ho was 
on« of tho deacons of Brattle street 
Church ; and died 22 Dee., 1S17. 

Samuel Grant was bom in Boston, 
Mass.. April 16, 1783, and was on older 
brother of deacon Moses Grant, who 
died July, 1861. I In curly life was 
spent under the fostcrinj( care of kind 
and devoted parents, who spared no 
pains in instilling into his mind and 
heart, those sound mjneiplM of honor 
and virtue, whieh he never lost night of 
in his future life, and which had so great 



influence in moulding his after career. 
Educated at one of our public ac 1 
ho always referred with great satisfac- 
tion to his possession of one of the first 
Franklin Medals. 

His father's residence was for many 
years in Cambridge street, fisting Bow- 
doin square, and the neighboring re- 
sidence* were those of Samuel Gore, 
Samuel Parkmon. Doctor Bulrlnch, 
Judge Sullivnn. John Caraea, Coolidge. 
Spooner, Sigonmey, Lohng, Boot, Car- 
gill, be. hx his twentieth year he em- 
barked for Holland, where he was 
engaged in business for a few years. In 
1807 he returned to this country, went 
to Philadelphia, and commenced bosi- 
ncss or his own account ; and alter - 
ward, under the firm name, so 
known in mercantile circles in 
country and Europe, of Grant St S 
For over thirty years this partnership 
continued in mutual harmony and profit 
tiU the decease of Mr. Dexter Stone. 
occurred in November, 1847. D» 

' I r. Grant originated the maritime 
enterprise known as the "Line of Bos- 
ton and Philadelphia Pockets," which 
subsequently became a successful ven- 
ture, and entered largely into the bust* 
ness of tho two cities, and especially into 
the commercial development of Phila- 
delphia. In Boston, Long Wharf and 
Kicc and Thaxter were inseparably con- 
nected with this enterprise. 

During the more active period of 
life, Mr. Grant was a leadmc spirit in 
the affair* of numerous institutions, 
among which may be mentioned the 
•• Philadelphia Saving Fund," and tho 
" Franklin Fire Insurance I'nmpany '" — 
in the latter of which hows* a director fbr 
forly -three years. He represented the 
house of Baring Brothers & Co., London, 
for over thirty years, being their agent 
I ime of his decease. He was also 
the agent for the Messrs. Dupont's gun- 
powder for forty years, and BCTved the 
•guardian oi the poor for one term. 
During his long car lit of business par- 
his i«per was never dishonored; 
and many now successful houses liave 
good cause to remember his willingness 
to render them pecuniary aid, when 
other resources failed them in the day 
of trouble. A Philadelphia newspaper 
says : " The deceased enjoyed the es- 
teem and respect of all persona: with 
wham lie became associiited, either in 
public or private life ; always courteous 
in his bearing towards others, and e-rer 

Isinmg a firm control over himself. 
His death has created a vacuum in the 
mercantile circle of Philadelphia, which 



1873.] 



I'.Mlh 



w 



it will 1* difficult |Q fill. His many 
deed* of noble gent rosily, hi* strict in- 
tegrity of purpose and conduct, will h« 
cherished long after the grass becomes 
green over his grave. Sit illi lem 
lcvia." 8. o. D. 

.—Mima Mary Jane Haines tli >■<! in 
Gulciio, 111., on Tuesday, Uie 7th Jon, 
1873) at the house of her broth, r, 
Andrew M. Haines, aged 62 yean, 2 
months, and 9 day*. She wiv* the lost 
surviving daughter of Joseph and Martha 
G. (Irwinrll) Haines, of London, N. 
11. ; and wan born in Londonderry, N. 
}[,, 23 ih Oct.. 1810, and resided in 
Lynn, Mass., since IBM. Bht was a 
lineal descendant, of the 7 th generation, 
from Deacon Samuel Haines, of Ports- 
mouth, N. H., who came from England 
to New-England in 163.5. SccKeoiste*, 
vols, xviii. 01, and xxiii. 1*9. a. w. a. 

Jordan. — Tl>eHon. Ichnbnd Goodwin Jor- 
dan died suddenly at hU residence in Ber- 
wick, Me., Feb. 21, 1873, aged 66 yean, 
4 months, and lfl days. He was a son 
of the lute (.'apt. Ichabod Jordan, of 
Saco, Mo., and was born in that town 
October 6, 1S0'>. llf graduated at 
Bowdom College- in 1827, in a class 
which included among it* members tho 
Hon. John P. Hale, of New- Ham pah ire, 
and tha Hon. Mr. Felch, of Michigan. 

Noon after hi* admission to the bar, 
in 1830, he commenced the practice of 
law in Great Kail., N.H., and had * 
large practice in Maine, and baa been 
for many years almost as regular an at- 
tendant upon the courts a his native 
county (York) as the resident members. 
In 1864 he took up his residence in 
Berwick, continuing his practice in both 
states to the time of hit death During 
his residence in New-Hampshire he was 
a member of the seuute of that state, and 
subsequently a member of the house of 
representatives of Maine. Mr. Jordan 
was always a democrat in polities, uud 
nn outspoken and Ann adherent of the 
policy of the democratic party, and an 
active participant in its work, showing 
by precept and example his fiiith in in 
principles. He was also a xealous nnd 
active mason ; a member of the grand 
lodge of New- Iiampth ire, and for two 
years grand roaster of that I 

He was married June 3, 1833, to Miss 
Sarah L. Goodwin, daughter of the late 
Hon. Jeremiah Goodwin, of 
Mc., who survive, h™. He leaves two 
rn.Ht.lif flu eldest the wife of Frank- 
lin J. Rollins. Esq.. of Portland. Me.. 
and the youngest the wife of Albert 
Henry SwceUir, of Sougus, Mb. 

B. 1. B. 



Lkwin. — Thatcher Lewi* died in Cincin- 
nati. May 13. 1872, aged 83 years, 9 
months, and 8 days. 

Mr. Irf?viL» was bom in Falmouth, 
Msa*. He emigrated t<> tin Wi»t, and 
located in Cincinnati in 1815. He wus 
o house carpenter and joiner by trade, 
which occupation he followed fur many 
years. For more than forty years he 
held tho relation of deacon in the Enon 
Baptist church, Cincinnati. His vraa 
a useful, active and most exemplary 
life, and positions of trust were often 
confided to him by popular vote. 

His parents wit"' l.o-l.rup nnd Lucy 
(Palmer) Lewis. His father was de- 
scends! from George Lewis, one of " tho 
men of Kent," who was in Plymouth. 
1633 ; a member of the Jb?v. Mr. Loth- 
rop's church in Seituatc. 1636 ; removed 
toHurnstiblcie."! . HSffitQf'JJ. His 
mother was daughter of the Kev. Samuel 
and Sarah (Asher) Palmer, of Falmouth 
and Chilmark. 

Mr. Lewi* married. May 22, 1813, 
Martha, daughter of Thomas and Rebecca 
Shiverick ; born July I, 17'Jl, died Oct. 
24, 1840. She was the first person 
baptised in the Ohio river nt Cincinnati. 
She was a descendant of the Rev. Samuel 
Shiverick, first minister of Falmouth, s. 

Nvtt.. — Ephraim Nute, Esq., died in 
Dover. N. 11.. Feb. 27, 1873. He was 
tbe eldest son of Meaerve unci Lliralx-th 
(Ames) Nutc, and was bum on the 
family homestead, inherited from the 
first settler of the name, April 14, 1796. 
paternal ancestor, James Nute, was 
.]■!. John Mason's colony, sent to 
tbe Piacataqua about 1631, and was of 
a distinguished family of this name, 
living lV.r many reigns in Tiverton, co. 
Devon, England, but now extinct. The 
emigrant ancestor settled on the west 
side of Dover Neck, a little m 
J ilm's Creek, some years prior to 1648, 
and noon after purchased of the town a 
lame tract of land, on the west bank of 
Hack river, which has been a homestead 
for 1 1 it descendant* to this day, tbe eighth 
generation being now in possession of 
the same. The third generation of his 
cle»rriid.'int» IJ 11 into the present way of 
■ niing their surname, now universally 
ndopted by the family. 

Mr. Nute resided many years in Bos- 
ton, and was an appraiser in the (u*tom 
House during one adminictmlion. He 
was a man of much intelligence, es- 
teemed by nil who knew him, and one 
of the earliest subscribers to the Rbois- 
TJin. He married Mary Bancroft, of 
Reading, aud leaves one son, the Rev. 
Ephraim Nute, Unitarian clergyman. 

C. W. T. 



Death*. 



Obxb. — Mm. Anne Stone Orne died in 
Cambridge. Feb. 29, 1872. Mr*. Orne 
*« lbo second daughter of Muw» »iul 
A i>piU( Learned) .>tonc of Watcrtown, 
*he wb bum May ». M'il. Ilcr 
ftr»t ancestor in Amtriti wu 
Stone, who came from England in 1736, 
settled on the banks of Charles river, 
and by grant and purchase acquired a 
l.irge landed estate; comprising in hi* 
hands and those of his descendants, 
the larger part of Mount Air D 
great proportion of what i> now l.'aro- 
bridge cemetery, the Winchester estate, 
and other lands. It remained in the 
i i direct descendants till the death 
of the last " master of Mount Auburn," 
Moses Stone, Esq., in 1803; there be- 
longing to it at that time 160 acre*. 
The homestead with about twenty-five 
acres became the widow's dower. 

Mr*. Orne was married in the autumn 
of 1811. Her husband wa» J"lu> 
Orne. grandson of the Hon. Azor Orne, 
of Marhlehead, and great -uepiiew of the 
Hun. El bridge Berry, vice-president of 
the United State*. Of their six children, 
three survived them. 

Mr* Orne was a lady of great per- 
tonal sanctions, and of a character re- 
markable for purity, nobility, dignity 
and uprightness. Her influence vru 
over of the best and highest. 

Her early education wu thorough in 
lidi and such classical literature «s 
was then taught to girls, with the oc- 
complishrnenw they were required to 
possess. Her love of knowledge was by 
]in mean* satisfied, and that love never 
failed through a long life. At the age 
of sixty-three she began, by herself, to 
lram Hebrew, in order to read toe Dible 
in that language, and in the course of a 
few years acquired the power to rend 
readily Hebrew, Greek and I.atm, and 
fluently German, Italian, Spanish and 
French. She was laMSWtH Ifl Mbei 
languages also ; in the Runic characters, 
in old Saxon, in Sanscrit, &c 

8he took much interest in genealogy 
and kindred studies and contributed 
occasionally to the N. E. H. and O. 

RtOISTER. 

In all but a very few of her Inter years, 
her conversational power* were admini- 
cle, and she would charm alike otd and 
young. The wonderful vigor and en- 
ergy of her character enabled her to pass 
through many years of illness and »uf- 
fciiusj, under which ordinary natures 
would have sunk. 11 it mind remained 

aninptiMd Bo Hm but With « tine 

imagination she was a concise and clear 
writer. 



After a few diys final ulness. borne 
with a happy, chuV 
aequiescenc: 

tell asleep, and wu laid to real in 
Auburn,— her home- land. a r. o. 




ri-TXAM.— George P. Putnam, on* of 
most promt' .it of American nu'dish 
and a well-known author, died »u 
of apoplexy on Friday evening. Dec. 20, 
1872, at hi* place of business, on the 
corner of Fourth avenue and Twenty- 
third Street, New-York. Mr. FuUtam 
we* born in Brunswick, Me., on the ils* 
or February, 1814, and was consequently 
in the 57th year of his age. He com- 
menced attending school in his native 
town, but subsequently come to Boston, 
where be remain i as fourteen 

years of age. Having obtaiaed a situa- 
in the bookstore of David Leavin, 
then the largest publisher in New- York. 
DC wait to that city, which Ive ever after 
made his residence. He afterward en- 

of John Wiicy. 
partner he became about 1840. In 1841 
no went to Loudon as represent*. 
the Arm. and remained there seven years 
in cliarge of llic English branch of the 
house. He was one of tin 
up the business of importing English 
books, a business which has since been 
largely developed, and !«• was probably 
the first to introduce the sale of American 
publications into England. He returned 
to Hew* York in 1848, and soon after 
engaged in business for himself, becom- 
ing widely and popularly known from 
the character and excellence of hi* pub- 
lications. In 1852 he started Putnam's 
Monthly, disposing of it four years 
afterward. It tailed the nest vnsr. Ten 
years afterward it was again started, 
but in IS7(J it was merged m Srrihner. 
In 1883 Mr Putnam retired from active 
busini -^ to become collector of internal 
revenue, but again entered it in II 
conjunction with his two sons. He wu 
author of several works which were more 
or less popular. While in England he 
wrote a reply to Dickens's American 
Notes, which attracted considerable it- 
'll. His most important literary 
work, however, was the well known 
text honk. "The World's Progress; or. 
Dictionary of Dates," which he com- 
menced at the age of fourteen, r 
ins it at twenty-two ; revising it, from 
time to time, to keep tlto record up to 
passing event*. The lo«t revision was 
finished a few week* before his deal 



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A. H. 
I). Alfcn, J 
irxrii 

A Uurnce.G. W. Bui 

. !!. .". M Iti.'.l • 

: 

i, J. P.Coqv- ''-vech. D. C. 

■ 

UuiM. II 

".l.i. i.John 

. J. L. 

F. A. 1 1 

i*. Solomon Lincoln, !!• 

' I .«*, AllMKt !».'<" 

I 

i 
. Surjicnt, I 
I 
• «y, (korgu A. 8linmon», Ctui. W. 




\. A. I 

II. V 

'V. 11. 

liKlprteat, 
lUtns LMbn . 

' tmbria u r p ort . Ji ■■': • 

■ 
Frothm/luiii. 

■ 1.t«, Qlllll 

rrAi/;. I 

llllii- 

.'•"/■, ll 

i ii..- i 

non. Lcartwd He". 

■ 

- I- 

J. J. l.r:n:-'. 1- 1 -:. M»nh*» I 

■ 
Ncrtivli/, Jonathan I'nnuo, Ut 
W J. Ui 

Orangt, Joint I,. V 

Mon nmile Lltir»rv 

• hetHr.J. ■■ 
.ius. 

"M ..::•. i . v /. 

lifftan, 3, M. 
ilulpk, W. i. ] 

HlcbanlM/n; Quinty, 

N CJT. 

Samuel Hlelu\rd». 




In (hit number •• ' ;«y«", 

try and April numbrrt, male IG extra paft*. In 
■'iiih nerrrnt nrlirlri designed (or (hit tf$*e, 
• obituary nofitrt. 



CONTENTS-JULY, 1873. 

"HOMAS BUDVUKT I'llAMH.KK. WX {Tof*Mp*y*3J. 

I. BUROI in mi I.irs oj>tub Kkv.Tiiomas Bb»i>bc&t Ohahdlbe, D.I>. By 

AfUet II. II ...■ ........ 

II. 0, .«•:. Soorca of BlojrrauJilra.1 ami 

Genealogical InfonwUltw. By ('apt. Oea. Unity freUt, V S. S. 

III. H'lLU. By H'iUiaM S. ApfrtrtOH, A.M 

men, A.M. 

V. i i Ph. Fs*- -ni> 

tLnjjmin -I- G. t'ulirr, Kfj . 

VI. Dn. Piusnci.iM'd JtJrro. IvtMOf tofhy F*rror, L l . 

VI i inn Sm'.-ihr,w 
m, HV.W. I 

m* •"Aiti- 
uksoIN ,n.\li[M, By J. Hamilton HAaplry. £*y. . 

(CoatxHUrd.) I 

Diunicatol Iiy Juno /*. J/«>. 

X. Ji.crsai. or Cait. Ki.i:»/.\it Mh.viVj Doarurr, Shiuley 

■ 
I 

. 

i* A No: Vppendix to " Buail'* 

liy Mr i. M. W. Rmull .... 

XII. Tub Mas- ft. Mam. I him L, Waawn, D.P. 

.BR ttftVinr Pun Rtr. LmeiuM R. Paige, I'.ll. 

XIV Norm awp Uimiis: 

mhrop— Lathroi [.-ingvvar • 

Uuanla. KumitII Family Bitlc ........ 

XV. 

■• c* -J-r»cr 

BJsnrtel Sin • 1 

XVI. Book 

Trnuy of Washington ; JftUock't Fl*h 

■ 

S 

- 

Proracdta** of tb( Dedication or ihe SoUletV and Sailor-' Mow— win 
lAi-Cltv of CbArWmiuiMa**.]..' 

- "ImryU E**av or. lUiin-TMid National Scaurs. 

TWorf/j Ad'lrcw on CkaMntl C> 
AnuaUof |<>«n; fxcmarifi M 

• f Tin •»!;•• ''•'.' . B, of B*»e?|r, 

. ; Tito LUrtoxHiiU [Macaxlno] -, Pi 



Ml 

Ml 

n 




PubHcoh'om dtriantd for nofi'cf i*« <A< I kfo*M 4* iratf fo the Editor, 

IH Somrrtrt Su, Button, J/ir«. 







NEW-ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER 



ASD 



ANTIQUARIAN JOURNAL. 



Vol. XXVIL 



JULY, 1873. 



No. 3. 



THE REV. THOMAS BRADBURY CHANDLER, D.D- 
1786—1790. 

By Ai.hkbt II. irnyr. 

Dr. CnAXDLER'a long and eminently successful ministry of forty-three 
years was parsed in the duties, successively, of lay-reader and catech; 
rector of St. John's church, in Lli/ahetht.nvn. N<-w-Jersey,andin the towns 
or conn i iv .abethtown was the first permanent ESagUdl settle- 

mcnt in tin- territory lying between the Hudson ' i! I '( i.'ware rivers, and 
until within recent years continued to be the most important town in ih<- 
state. If* importance was due to the character, number, and wealth of its 
inhabitant*, and to the fact that fur a long period of time it was the seat of- 
government of New-Jersey, and the metropolis of her political and social 
life We may, therefore, the better appreciate the • of the place and 

the people, where and among whom Dr. Chandler lived and labored, if we 
briefly review their origin and 

In the year 106 I, a lew nddeati of the western end of Long Island, in 

mco of a design, formed some years before, but frustrated by the 

Dutch authorities of ■•clim, purchased a largo tract of land of 

IIM Indian owners or occupants of what is now New-Jersey. Their 

title was continued by Gov. Nicolb. n behalf of the Duke of York. 

I'll" territory covered by ' it " extended from the mouth of 

the Raritan on the south to the mouth of the Passaic on the north ; 
a distance, in a straight line, of not less than st miles; and 

running buck into thfl c unti y twice this distance; embracing the towns 
of Woodbridgo and Pihcalawny, the whole of tlio present county of 
Union, part of the towns of Newark and Clinton, a small part of the 
county of Morris, and a considerable portion of tin* enmity of Somerset ; 

Containing a I >" m -' ,000 acres, upland and meadow, in fair proportions, well 

watered ly tin- Harilau, the l'a- :-aie, ! : ;>\. and Eli/.abeth rivers. 

Thompson's [Morse's] Creek ami Bound Brook; di\;i ni 1 with level 
plains and ranges of bills of • •• on, ordinarily classified as 

mountains, and oil susceptible of a high state of cultivation."' 

It appears from the beat authorities that iu February, lCGg, theuumber of 

1 Ilaifleldt Ills, of ElUabetn, p. 36. 
Vol. XXVII. 21 









2*8 



The Rev. Thorn" ■ />' ■uihunj Chandler, D.D. 



[July, 



planters then on the ground or identified with the settlement was about 
twenty, the greater portion of whom rung, hardy, intelligent aud 

industrious men, who li el gives and children. Boacaf than were Nov 
England people who had resided for a longer or shorter pe Id, 

•Southampton. Ea«t Hampton, Hempstead, Huntlngtoi 'i«g 

rnither they went from 61 >*o, 

and Guilford. of them, or theb parents who wer 

Massachusetts Bey, immigrated by the way of vVethemfleld, Hart! 
and Windsor, Conn., and *• ,; i by blood or man the 

oldest and loading familial of New-England. By intermarriage, by long 
association in other settlements, and by similarity of unite*, ex; 
religious faith, they were essentially OH people*' 

beeamo not only settlers in the eaw t er ri to ry, but associate owners 
•if the noil. Ni»m h in worldly goods, but DOM were too poor to 

buy hind. Surli a community could not fail to subdue I rntni. to 

build bouses and roads, to erect churches aud maintain religious worship, 
to establish aud rapport schools, i itely and orderly, ami to lay 

on a broad and sure foundation, after the pattern of New-England oomma- 
nities, the various institutions of civil and social order. All this was done 
by them, their descendants, and those, whom by a principle of elc< 
affinity, tiny ■ttrmoted to them -elves from other • 

In course of time their patent was cut up into other towns ; new a 
ments outside its limits wen- rapidly formed and towns the 

original settlers of which, for lh< drawn from 

parts of New-England' It is not Mrs refore, that a people 

of tuofa antecedents, homogenous in their habits, institutions and pi 
should place the impress of their character, as it were, upon the 
soil of that rich province: but that, daring all the I es of gov. 

proprietary or provincial, administered by rulers and ma; who 

Presbyterians, 1 \ I burch-of-Eng . the impress) 

should yet remain so distinct and the influeno of the earl j nettli 
that, neither the one has been oblil or the other materially v\. 

by the extraordinary mixture of social elements which have flowed 
suite in recent years, — this is remai liable. The fact is itself the beet 
(Son of the character of th< origin; It is also an illustration of the 

wonderful capacit] . inherent in the English stock, in a new country 

where labor is abundant rad remunerative, and all the avei -rise 

open to individual effort, md :-«»imil:i pie of •liveree 

origin, habits and traits* 

The fffiater pari Of the settlers were professing Christians, and at .an estrjj 
day they organized a church, and erected a building for pub 
worship. This Was the only reli.nioi :atioii in the town for about 

forty years, and it remained an Independent church, with the forma and 
usages of toe Independent churc!i<- <f Men. England, until about the 



;."• 



1717, when, during the pastorale of the famous Rev. Dr. Dickie 

1 In. partleolsi Information in regard to the first associated settlers, their origin, &e_ i 
Hatfield's Hist, of Blltsteth, 

* A consMlsrsbla number of pet nl from Newhnrr, Mass., and tlic vtrli 

and from Dorar and r- 

i.imc-so( the l ti-mty, in iiumy n to the place 

:ll the -■■:■■ 
Wbili'Uenil'" I irk of Rrcnt rc«carcli and value i gi\ 

i f ilir Isi-iiiry .■[" 1 1 1 > - - «- IminigT m-. 

. if itcv. Jon-jiiittu Dickinson, i< n. « u bom - Mass., April 22, i 

died in Hlliiibcllitown, N. J., Oct. V rOBD 1709 u> I 



1873,] The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 



229 



became a member of the Presbytery of Philadelphia. This society hai 
been a prollfk patent of other churchea, and tt <\« roll of their jpastora it 

>■ iniiiii l <T of scholarly, pi'in-. :iin] EnfluenriaJ men. I ■ ">i the first, 
the Puritan element baa large] j predominat-i in the town and vicinity 

Philip Carteret) 1 the first of the proprietor) guwrnur-.. md hia snliordi- 
nate officers, domestics and servants, who come 0V< •. were 

nndonbtedly tithm members of the Church of Kn^land or had been In 

up under its influence* ; but they were <-otiU-nt to worship with the 1' 
terians, and no attempt seems to have been DD Dp tl I lr own form 

of worship until after the arrival of Lord Cornhnry in 1703. The IN v. 
Il, !):.■: Keith* ami the Itrv. .I.jIih Talbot, inis-mnaries ul' tll> Society for llm 

Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parta, were then In the provini 
oondoeted religions, services, in Kfuabethtoarn, Amhoy and other places, 
in private houses for some years, 

Another missionary of the Society above nann il, t lie Rev. John Brooke,* 
arrived July IS, 1705, and lettled in Klizabethtown and Ambovi In 1 7ct;, 
the erection of St. John*! church whs begun. In November, 1707, Mr. 
Brooke barring departed tot England, the Episcopal congregation was left 
without a rector for nearly two Jfl ""-• Bid m. iL-pemleiit mi mi. 

In ITD'i il,,' Rev. Edward Vaughan was sent from England aa 
missionary for this region. In 1711 the Rev. Thomas Ilalliilay WM • 
take charge of Amhny and Piseatawav, and Mr. Vaogban dtl (ded hia labors 
n Eliznbethtowu proper, Itahway, Woodbridge, Piscataway, and 
parts adjacent. 

Mr. OOnthmed nil finhf'ul tnitiiMry. as the rector of St. John's 

ehnrch, nniil bii deeeaae»aboul the 12th of October. 17-17, "far adi 

iu years ;" and his virtual and services were long held in grateful memory 

bi his ntrviving asonaintaneei of all classes minationa. 

1'or some years after the decease of Mr. Vaughan. .V. John's church 
was without a settled pastor; and U it WOI Deoesaery to send to England 
for a clergyman, or to tend one thither for ordination, it was not an ea*y 
matter to bupply vacancies. Nor was il a verj desirable journey to make, 
in view of the expense, the peril* of the sea and the frequent dlBgSI "I 
capture. In this emergency the vestry of St. John's church, upon the re 

Hewn- tin- Brat ]•■ Ideal of the College of R which was etuMlstied fltst In 

i iliinivii iii 1 7 ■*•; Fir was sn excellent scholar, an nlilr preacher, mill oik of du 
abll -I Mid in"- 1 mlliu nihil i tampions of CiilvinUni and one of tin: Strongest "I'|" rn Dtl of 
V.; i-! ii|kicv in his dsv. 

1 C«|ii Plillip Carteret was hom In 1639. in the. Eslaad of Jcrwv. nf which his fnther, 
Bflliei l'> Carteret, was tl;e attorney -general. As the firstborns its, be bicsjne 

tcik'nenr of the Manor of Lb Bosque Parish. 6f Bi Pi :• i . J-.-i -•". . It'' n ;i- I mirth cou>ln 
of Mr George Carteret, Tin- hitter and Lord John Berkeley wen: joint proprietor* of Ncw- 
Jesser, oatier grant of the Dike of Torfc. Gov, Carteret named toe tract of li 
Iu pan occupied on Us sn vat. I IbanetbTown, la honor of the wife of btsklnsm 

Eirmi. Sir Wi-oiyr. Alter the death of the Utter in 1679—80, the pruprlctondl I 

old, .ii.i •» i ret*i I'tin. tfoni i * d. Hi d i a In Blii •> 

ii.thn.wn. pi i- in. nw». i-".u n-krichol in- chai ictei end somewhat STcatfttl career, tee 
Wlilh li.-...!' j , and Il.iiti. lo'i n heth. 

I hi i; !i i ■■ • ■•■ | v . tth was hom in Aimrdeen, Broil in I. in 1639, and illed while rr-clor 
ct Bdburton, Soasex. Eur. For fuller notices of his reccntrlc career as Prwbjri 
FrfentijUld KpLcopsHBii. mid •>! i.i wrll well'* Bis. ol the Quakers, WLite- 

beait'c ey, »'"i Clarke's St. John's Chinch (Ellisiiocthiowa), 

* The Hi 1 ''- John Brooks was sn (Englishman, ibljr a graduate «f Fmniamiol 

College, Cniiiliriiljre, when ODS of bis BSim Moh tin' bachelor's ili^'ii! iii 1700, ami maa- 

L*ree In liUI. He <■ ■> ■ > m •. deal to I . Imt iii I'm? In: «n ■■ 

i. ml ' onibary R)i i itpn wing Uls ivmpatb)! forthi Rer. Mr. Moon nl Burlington, who hsd 
,|.ii-.iiumI hr the gowrnnr for rtpioflng his gross li.. thai bi nm com- 

pclliil in It c to hnglnnd. In compmiy with Mr. Moom, betmbarked from Marbhhcad, 
Mi^h., in Nov., 17";, Inn i la- «liip was lo't.sod nil on board arcsuppuicd lo nave per 
—UalJ}<ld'$ Elisabeth ; Clark'* St. John* CAurch. 



230 



The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. [July, 



commendation of the Rev. Dr. Jbfa w o o, 1 and tho Ri -ury * of 

• i'ut, and others, made an effect to secure tli M lay-reader 

and catechist of Mr. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, who wa» teaching school 
in Woodstock, Conn., and studying theology uuder the direction of Dr. 
Johnson. 

Mr. Chandler,' tne oldest of ten BbDdrQO. was born in Woodstock, Conn., 
April 26, 1726. His parents were Capt. William and .1 try) 

Chandler. His mother was a daughter of Tbomai Biadb 5 ilisbury. 

Mass-, and a granddaughter of Rebecca (Wheelwright ) 1 who was 

a daughter of the Rev. John Wheelwright (by his wife 111 bly 

daughter of the Rev. Thomas Storrie) and widow of S .ivi-rick. 

Tho mother of Jemima Bradbury was Mary, daughter of Col Edward Hil- 
ton, of Exeter, N. EL, and ail wife, Ann Dudley, daughter of the B 
Samuel and Mary (Win throp) Dudley, of Exeter, and granddaughter of 
Gov. John Wiuchrop and Gov. Thomas Dudley. Capt. \ Uejr, 

above named, descended through tho Hon. John and U id), Don. 

John and Elizabeth ( Douglass ), and William aud Ann (Alcock ''J Chandler. 
i lir last uam«l settled in Knxbury. Mass., in 1687, 

Mr. Chandler's early life wan passed upon his father's farm in Woodstock. 
lb latad at Yalo College in 1745, and took rank according to the 

dignity of tklfl family, as seventh in a class of twenty-seven. N • may infer 
that he already had a good reputation for ability and fitness for the office to 
which he was called. In commending bim U> the Venerable 8 icietj for 
pagating the GrOtpeJ in Foreign Parts, Dr. Johnson stated thai be had 
M known him three years at least," and as ■ a truly valnabli _uod 

parts and competont learning for bb time and our cirenmstancea, and of 
good morals and virtuous behavior." The Rev. Samuel Scabury also 
described him a.n qm who " from his furniture in learning, prudence, gravity, 
sincere piety, and ier, as well as agreeable to i: i reasonably 

peotedto be ■ very imiflil in the detigni of the Society." 

In 17 17 Ik receivi ions to serve ns catechist at North Castle 

and Bedford. Westchester, New-York, but declining these, accepted the call 
to Sl Peter's church, Westchester. Later than tin-, ami immediately upon 
the death of Mr. Vaughnii, ho received the invitation to St. John's church, 
Klizabethtown, and entered upon his duties about the 1m of December, 
17*17. lie was then only twenty-two veare of age, and consequently i: 
gible to orders in tho Church of England. He performed tlte duties 
of catechist and lay-render in that town and vicinity with fidelity, and his 
labors were attended with success. 

'TlieRer. Samuel Johnson, D.T>. (Oxf. 1713), was boru In Quflfbrd, Oonn.. Oct. U, 
1196 i died hi Boatford, Oonn., January 6, 1772; Rrnd. fium Yale Collee* In 1714 1 truer 

(t'n'ii the mi h moftMor) tlirrr from 1716 to 1*19; in 1722. w»* ordalne i ind a 

lir Church of Bagiand: recelTod the degree of A.M. from both Oxford ana Cam- 
bridge; ««-itli-il n- rectol In Btnitfbrd, Conn.; f]r»t pri-nidi- r ' 

lege, from 1764-63 { nti.l from 176310 hiideatfa rector of i (i nl. !!•• wrxn* 

a id |i'ii'li»licJ nnmeroim ivorks. Hit memoirs In the Rev. Dr. Chandler, arwve named, 
were poblisned In New-Tors In 1 8o.'>, ami In London In 1824, 8vo. Fur alto of hta writings, 
•00 Alllbone. and fir fuller notices, sec 8 Prague's Annals, uud Ncw-Kngl.ind lltourlcal and 
Oenealoirical lU'glaier, vol. xxvn. pp. 12-17. 

f Tlxi HOT. Sarnurl Seabnrjr, Ti.D, (Oxf. 17770. ™ s ''orn in Grown. Conn., Nov. 30, 1729; 
died in New-London, Conm., Feb. 2.% 1796; grnd. from Yale Collene In 1748; ordained 
priest In Loiuli m in 1788; consecrated bishop of Connu'iinit in 1784, in ScoiUml; elected 
btahnpnixinr KIumIi- I. IhikI in 170u. Ho baa generally been regarded -nan, 

anil a rnosterBctent prel ate i CaulUm't Mm ./.,.,. Ion DraMi Ha, I tic 

* For copious ana mlnnto Ron en logie.il Infnrmiirion eoncernin.; th - Run Th» 

Chandler* ion, 1872. As to the Winthrop and Dudley families, mcJ Scw-Eug- 

land Hist, and Geo. RcgUter. 







1873.] The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 



231 



At this lime, as well as from t In- fir*t ami many year* afterward, the re- 
lininu. lOOMtMl in this |H"i >\ iiici- in eonimutiion with ihe Church <•! England 
were [.HMjr, and, as uc have »eeu. they : ■• 1 1 1-< t chielly upon the aid which the 

Venerable S.i.-iii^ ;.l 1 ) . . 1 1 1 ' - mi-lil he i rn ! ii<-.-tl |m _m:iiiI mil id' llu-ir lituilcil 
OH tO their nUBSioDaries. This aid w;i» meagre in the extreme. The 
Society granted Mr. Chandler i'I<i pi ■: annum, and tin- pai i.sli agreed to rai*e 
the Mini Of i'.'iH i-iir ■ vol' lli'- , -car, additional, and to 

provide Iiim a coir.. .image. 

<)n tin- 'juiii of Dec, 174B] lie reported (•> the ooeretary ia Eoj 

tin! In' had m;ni«- i' Ijiv D1MU>6tB| I" llM utmost of hi* ability, to atMWOl tin- 
end* uf I he Venerable Society in :■ j •].>■ ■■ n I iiijj him tin ir cutecluflti (hat he 
h.nl read di'.ii..- Miuir, cai •■•■ 1 1 i .•-._■ ■ i ihe idii hlren. and x i - i I « - • 1 all ranks of 
Ii ijili' i;i the congregation ; tliai he had occasionally (••ad ili re in 

a priv | in KahuM. : jailed the people there, and wat WBfi i:-cd at 

i "Ml couvuurse at the ten 

In 17-Mi, in response to the repea: | ol lh« parish Ebf I " 

'I . Chandler was appointed! by the Society I" be llu-ir missionary in 
Elizab«-ihi"vvn, and in 1 in 10 CO BO to England for ordination an '!■■ 
privet, if upon examination ho should he fouml worthy. In 17 he went 
to England, ma ordained bj Dr. Thomai Bhcrlook, bishop of Loudon, and, 
I passage of nine weeks, arrived homo ubout the first of November of 
the same year. 

Immediately upon Ilia return lie resumed his labors with great zeal, and 
the additions to the communion of his church in Klizubelhtowu and in 
oilier plaOM were large, and constant. !(<• found the fialll upon his charity 
incessant, owing to the povcrtv and that the cost of living was 

exocssiv l\ dear; yet his pecuniary for several years amounted to 

no more, and sometimes much lees, than £60 ■ TOW. 

In 1753 he mule a journey of 2"" miles into New-England. Under 
the dale of Nov. 6, in a letter to i M] of tin- Society, he says : 

" I preached nt Woodstock [hia native place], nn inland town. 85 miles from uny 

Slace where the service yf the Church liiui OTCE P 100 ptdbBBMd; and bj the intm- 
ial attended inv [fatoroa, and bj 'he desires of many ol them expressed 
oi farther opportunity of attending on, and beinx aeoeaintcd with, the service of 
■ convinced thet it I- lor want of opportunity that there is note 
largi • >n of voulbrmisui." 

In 1767, asd • portion of 17 oaB-pozriged in several parts of the 

SHOO. \ ngitsnuii! I lent Edwards, and his 

■Mrs. Burr, the mother of Anion Bare, Mr. Chandler was dis- 
abll d li'i ■ linn, by the disease, and did OOt tveovor from its effects for near- 
ly thlVfl years. 

In addition to his labors in the village of Elizahcthtown at this time. ho 

and offldatod at a missionary in the remote parts of the ext< 

territory of the town, in Woodbridge and other places. The performance, 

of this missionary is* rice, up to L76S ( had, he wrote to tin- teerelarr, 

required of him more than r >«►«>« i miles of travel, and m-arlj 2O0 ser- 
; les other duties, for which DO had not received in pay and gra- 

lo iniieii ii fire gnii 

In \~b'A Gov. Belcher had granted n< to the Brat Presbyterian 

ehnieh; and in 1762, Qov. Hardy granted a charter to 8t John's church 

whose interests were prospering under Mr. Chandler's labor? !y be- 

yond his ozpectadonj. Hut in 1768 ac element of discord waa introduced by 

the second visit of (he BeT< Qeorge Whitelield. The latter » 
among all classes there, and Mr. Chandler's rofottl to permit him to oil'tciato 
Vol. XXVII. 21* 



232 



The Ree. Tltomas BraJhimj Chandler, D.I). [July, 



Hirvh, created a division in the parish, and re ^ ooo- 

m of communicants. From this the pariah seems to hare shortly 

Mr. WhitehVM and the trouble that j;rcw out of hi* visir, 
"t«- 1<> lha ■ecratiry of the Society :i h wo 

•elect such extract* as may be found in the Genealogy of the ** Chandler 
Family.- 1 

" Some things have lately happen"! in my Mission, of which I think it 
inform the S eiety. My Tranquility, which never berbn MM interrupted, was 
eoinewhnt disturbed ID >•• Winter past by reason of my refusing my pulpit 
Wliitt In l.i, who "igniSed hi.«>. .raehine in my Chiirrh. Tltbt was, unit 

hi u time irbi ryman hud yet relusedliim 'siuce his last coming in 

country and Bite r bin having had y* free use of J* churcheu in Philadelphia, whlefa 
last OOOstdentka was what led my people to expect and desire that I should i 
him Into mm*. But knowing y* very exceptionable i in srbid^haj 

Iv Blood with :ny superiors at home thro' his nndutiful sad schismatical 






dolphin sa&eiont k> justify n conduct, in my opinion, so absurd or so inconsistent 
wish jr* Holes of our Kcclesiastii ■ i I' I: v. These reasons I ottered, but a great part 
of my people remained unsatisfied and appeared to \<c mu • OBDr 

plianee. I war nut without some degree of anxiety about ; bat V 

mlc ha» gradually subsided and matters haTe fur some time returned to t! 
fames level, excepting that two or three persons of no consequence have left y* 
cbun 

'• The Dissenters are at this time in this part of tho world using nil th< I 
and address to gain proselytes I urcJi." " It is ■ 

Church in these Col must act oulj oi y timest 

being such as to rsndsrit imprudent and unsalr (' it* 

ales. Ii v i.'lcrgy say a word even to their own m itj oi 

Uhrist'e body, y* nature oi Bcbtsm. or y» neo ol Authority deri 

in y* Mm-: . - of I i- reUgiOB, y« alarm is sounded_ immediately, wcarcsligmati 
as ractii.uH, inn! imt only so bnt y' V. .ty is abused on our account.* 1 "I 

bavealwav- made itarule to prencli chiefly on practical subjects, and to bring aa 
litUi ■ Into] Pulpit, i bare always lived opon K""d terms) 

witli my Dissanl [boors, and with some of them Tliavo cultivated a consid- 

ernhlc degree of Fiiendship." " Y' Dissenters almost to a mrm arc watching every 
opportunity t<i promote y a«»r, end nut *i mm h :i« II in tin ii- way. 

f thrill will trj to him, and they arc now p ilinTcry 

■bong argument for that jmii kin from those sudden ftna con- 

iBaians which within B months bare frequently I. adjacent 

towns amongst tho Dissenters, whon avebeen nunc in y* Church." '"To 

ray anything even against this kind of Ooovoi lion, whose conversum in known to be 
so greatly rooldbe shocking to y* mnltl Btvar 

of tin iii Is to cootradicl Imth reason sod ecpetienos. H yt Cicrgy are pivrmed 
altogether by a Principle of giving ;■" offence. perhn|m it is most agreeabh 
worldly prudence ; yet to act with spirit in y defence as well a* cultivation of our 
Lord's" Vineyard seems most consistent with our Christum dtttj 

He wrote also on the 5th of July, 1765 : 

"1 Oanoot bat think that all Mr. W'hitefield's bitterness, and rn^e against y. 
chureh would I rave STailed but little, bad he lieeii able only to attack it <> |* nlv and 
from witliout. But what gives bim an opportunity of really hurtiug y" Church, ie 
his pretended friendship for her. his wearing y* fiarb of her children, hi- fi 

quoting our excellent Liturgy, Arinli-<, Umiii'l! ith r-ilnun 

Iiik utoam mid admiration. I will «:iy no inure <>1" bim ;\* lie Ii:im :i! length led us; 

l.ut i clear if that In will soon begin to hanl 

peoplo chousing to continue Jong in a state I I oi ignifiranoo, when they have i 
their jHiwer to appear with more than Apostolic importance." 

1 Tin- whole letter l« printerl In Cirri.'; llUt. of St. John's Church, wliprcaPo will be 
founij a lor^u number Sji Dr. QhSIKttet'i h-tti r«, anil iniuli other valnuhlc historical matter. 










1873.] The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 



233 



The promulgation in the American OObaSet of the law called the stamp 
„,i ,,t 1764 lad to deep .ii-.n-n.tion and wit [ring 

tin- province of New-JereOT no lew than the other provinces. Mr. i I. 
wag loyal t" tin- Idsg KM the parliatn.-nt. mi, -.-. 1 1 i ! . ■ be regretted their 

piilii-v iii 1 1 1 1 -. matt i-. ']■•' tared his purpose toi ■ v the in v. 

to uphold the parliament In this pnrpi. to the last. 

in reference to this aabjeet tte lo die f,wnda the data oi 

.l.iiiii.i ' ti'-i • •. -. Iiii-ii, for it.- manly expostulation With ri 

thoritiea in England, keen analysis ol the political qni don ni i ma, 
manlike and Christian vii-w> of the ttveoOU d (Ml lament, is 

monument of its author's ability, piety, and good tense. Wall woald it 
have bean for die British government hud ita administrators heeded Dr. 
< [handler's advice.' 

• • • • 'T!:e duty of a missionary in this Country is BOW beeo&S TOOtf 
difficult tlnin ever. It i-- h;i id to dissemble any truth* i tiospel, and 

ol them relating la t ivil Socials it ia now become dsngsruM to da 
an universal piritol clamour and dncontcot, little short ol madness, and aoeb an 
opinion of oppn avion prevails throughout the ( lolonii - ;■- I l" Iii i e ms * acoi I 
aeen on suj any Country on Earth. And it teems to be tbe determined 

(aneafom resolution ol bum! People tnni Halifax to Georgia, never t.i ml 
wbeitbej eatacto so great an infringsmsnt of tin. i 
bits acts of the British Parliament. Every friend therefore to EJ 
Colonies, or area of Great Britain, who 1 it realty Is, 

must wish that tb* Fsriiament would relax Of Ha it nasi h« 

coufeseed, is no easy thing, after such 1' ired on 

the part ot tbe Colonies. Most prulmblc the i 

. re] t" snfon i let; yet should 

tlu-y n :i diaaBfc lion "i lbs ColonU«,ol which there have been do 

Is fymptants before, will be nnd rtahliabed, 

" [ do nut mom by what I have said to excuse the conduct of my countrymen : 
for T really detest it. and da endeavor to traverse nn«l counters) t it tn t!u- mi 
my ability. And | they are ratitltd U>, >' the gorsrnmsnl lias not 

taken much pains tu inttruct tbem better. If y b ' burch of England 

in America E d mal Doneern bom I Ing, bytbh 

•'■ in i:il lubmiarion fn y* Colonics toy* Jlotber Country, in everything not 
might bare been espeofeed, aol onh (or wrath, bi tfori n* n< ■ ■' rake. And who 
can be certain bui li is disposition ol j Colonial is not intai 

ProvidtTK-cns a j.unislinicnt for that Neglect? bid and good p 

at home, bate hady 1 I tuseof Reliefoaand y'Cbaroh lI heart, and 

f Nation, whether sensible of it oc not. in under great obligation to that Worthy 
Society, wb i bj their indefatigable endeavors to pt ind n«*i*t the 

Charon, have, at the same time, and thereby, sect as for as their la* 

lluence oould he aztsodsd, y* Loyalty and Fidelity ol In r antei i<.an Children." 

Mr. Chandlara ability, labors, ami unswerving loyalty were recognised 
in England, and La 1766 >rsity of Oxford oowSrred o pen him the 

degree of dootar of ilivinity. 

The want id' an American episcopate for obvious reason* bad long been 
felt and deeply deplored hy members and support) rs of the Church ol 
land thronghoal the colonies, Urgent appeals had been made to the 
niitlniiifii . in England in regard to resident bi iln-.c 

appeals remnimd unheeded for more than flfi i* one of the 

strangest beta in American history. The general 

interest in 1787. Pamphleta appeared on both lith Che 
Apihorp. and D a Cener, had written In ft 

nuyhee - project. I'.v tin- >■ .1 1< it;»t:. -i, ..t I ). "tor Johnson, and hj 

appointment of the Episcopal clergy of New-York. NewJsncy and Peon- 

* 8cc tbe letter in Clark* 8t. John's Church. 



234 



The. Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, DP. 



[July. 



•ylrania.Tr ho mot. in -iirew*bury. N. .1., in 17f-7. Dr. Chandler 

i I and |'"M ibx i ni \ -.v-V.irk in 7, a pamphlet, dedicated 

u> til.- lord :ir«iiiii.-iu.ji i if Cm 

'• An Appeal to the 1'iil.Hi in behalf of theX'hnrchtif England in 4— fi » : IV hp re- 
in the Original and XaUiwol the Episcopal Office arc brii-llr con-odervd. I 

erica :irr amjened, the Plan «n which U la proposed to send 
thi'iu is stated, and the Obj< ittoi -against sending theni ted and coal 

With an Appendix, wherein is given some account of an Ado .n,|>hl. t ' 

I'll.- object of this formal "appeal" wai t<> Mti I in public 

that resident biahopi Wi ccoiHHny of tho I 

...Mt of men officers subjected it to gnat bard 

Uiat th>- fears and obJacUoaaol •< opposed the plan were gr< mi > 

end their opposition a «oni eal injustice. The work was gem 

i with candor and r.»pei^ and the merit* ami forw of its arga 

imv. Ir.iji ■• . \ .-l ■;. -"iiirlly. Iimiv.-.it, :m 

tlw pmnphhit h :ui!aii.'iiii*lv from different parta of the oonntrT. 

':!:.■ Rev. Dr. C'harli ,' of IkistOO, responded, in I768| ID ft pam- 

to which Dr. Chandler boob after replied. This reply was met 

by Dr. Chauiicy :n 177«l, ami Dr. Chandler answered in 1771. iii a 
pamphlet of MO pages. Concurrently with this, tha oewapapan of Iloa- 
ton. .New-York and Philadelphia teamed with art* i of which 

cated great ability, but nearly all (rare tinged with bitterness, and not 
were senseless, violeut, ami en a scurrilous. The a krabtedly of all 

ipei ardekapn dadframthe Rev. Dr. William Smith, afterward] 

known as D scholar ami historian. His arguments in favor .if the Bpp 
ii bishops lui'.lci the plan proposed uon icem to have been unai 
able; but areata irera ripening which p any action by thu authori- 

ties in England 

Dr. Chandler continued his official and extended missionary work. which 
inHuiloil nut. only the scattered families m far-out -h inj ili -Diets, but I 
dfana fan Rii w-Y irk, Pennsylvania and other pan-. He waa iodiiBlri 
> secure the cooperation of the clergy and magjatn I 
i and in his. oorroeuondenee with the Society. II rations in- 

creased, and hi- pari-h In^an the erection of a larger church. The revo- 
lutionary war put a stop to this, however, and the work was not resumed. 

by th:tt gsnerndan. 

Dr. < 'handler warmly I the royal can-.', and SOOtl found his 

ritUBtion extremely painful and iiuplea-:inr. C >i t ;h - n-i'i.uui he 1 ■ - 1 1 for 
England on the 34ta of llay, 1775, in company with the Re*. Dr. hfylea 
Cooper and the Rev. .Samuel Conk. His parish was left without a rec- 
tor or supply ; hit oongregations were so reds publie worship was 
suspended | the church itself was u.scd aR a hospital and a barrack, in 
by soldiers of both side.* in the war; nearly all the wood-work o1 
interior was destroyed, and the building narrowly escaped two attempts to 
destroy it by tire. 

Dr. Chandler remained abroad for ten years ; but they were not yeara 
of idleness. 

1'rof. McViekar: 
" I'luiii a taanaaeript journal kept by Dr. Chandler during hi» absence, and now 

1 Among the nnmcj nf the ClorgT then prr-.nt nrr Uiow of Dr. Anf-limm. 
Chandler, Dr. Hflti Cooper, l>r. O Kiltie, Mi. Charlton, Mr. Bcabury iihcrwonl 
bbbop "i Conaeetloat), Mr. Englii [afterward bishop of Kv. . and Mr. Abraham 

Peach, 

* Ncw-Engluiid Historical and (JtnmlotjiaU Register, vol. x. 



1873.] Tlie Jfrr. Thomaa Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 



235 



riP3(iJ in the possesion of the author, we find liim still laboring for those wlwm be 
had left: i< u fanda for bia destitute brethren ; urging up<m ipawitb 

whom he M • -I 'nitiinatn Mcotfibip, tnOOOflipllttlon of Ml 

long cherished plan of an American episcup;' 

TIk lev. Dr. I!' rn:Mi states that 

" He it.ix received with tBOh a marked anil universal rr*pert into thesociety of the 
most diMtiugui-hed i-i-rxiiw iw haa very rarely been rendered to any one Iroia our 
country in private life."* 

Tn the State Paper Office, London, there is a petition of ThomnR Rrml- 
bury Chandler and others, presented to the king probably in 1""", praying 
that in consideration of their services to the king, and of their di 
considerable expense, "of a tract of land on tin vreien of the I >hio. in thr 
province of Cm ■• ttk-meat of which must soon take place," they 

may have a grant for 100,000 acres of said land. 

In 1780, a cancerous affection on his nose, a relic of the attack of small- 
pox before mentioned, developed itself and seriously affected his health. 
All remedies proved useless. 

I'p to 1788, (KM ten than .".0,000 royalist*, it is estimated, had removed 
to Ni>. i, and mont of these were attached to the I trench of England. 

The) utiiDiit cpifM.-opal «ii|irrvi«iioii. On t hi* account, in May of this 

year, an application waa made (throogh Dr. Seabury, llban on his way to 
be consecrated I biihop). to the archbishop of York, by several of the 
ipal dergj of New- York and Connecticut, for the appointment of a 
biahop for tin- province uf Nova Scotia, named Dr. < handler ee a 

tit pereoo lot that office* Dr. S< tbory, in i b iter clat» t In 1 

of tin- H.itur year, n-[H»rtcd that the aforesaid nomination tvoold proba- 
bly racceed; and in May. it.si, he wrote home lo the eune effect. 

In tin iiiraiivvhile hi* parish hail since tin proclamation off paaQ 
earnestly tolititinfl bj| r. -.in. -.-, hjcb was postponed on account of tiio delay 
in the matter of the omaQOMW* 

Tn a letter written in London, April 23, 178"), to Bishop Skinner, of 
Scotland, Dr. Chandler sail I : 

"You may, perhaps, have heard that after having lieen separated eight yean 
from uiv bully, trlnon I If Ft in New-Jeraey, I ban bean detained ban two years 
longer, with the prospect of being appoint. -.1 to tbc Mpetinlendency ol the • 
in our ni-w country. Thin bumneaa, though tin* cull for i« i" BOM urgent, i* still 
postponed . Rod it appears to he in no greater forwardness than it did a year ago. 
lu the meanwhile I ma laboring under a ■OOrbntic, eorrcfiivi lion rrndera 

a aoa-vtiynge and change of climate immediately neec-j*ary. 1 tln-ieti.i.- ilmu^ht 
proper to wait opon the archbishop [Moore] a day or two ago, to remgn mj) 
sions to the Nova Scotia episcopate, that 1 niiyht U: :it li'-nty to cross the Ailnutie 

, t :i rn il.V- * * Hi* grace would tint hear ol mj ' gft tag up my l i 
tlm above-mentioned an . t ■ = 1 1 readily ooiwenfa l I i mj i *iting uiy family, 

ou oonditi 'ii that 1 would hold myself in rcadinaas to Dndartaka thainportantebaqn 
wln-fiiM-r I might It called for, which I promised, lo ec.se my health : 
of it. Accordingly 1 h»ve engaged i» p.uuuiye in a ship boBOd to New-York, which 
is engaged to sail by ' might." 

He reached New- York June 19, 1785, but he was never able ther. 
to rcaumu his parochial duties. The Btutc of his health rarely permitted 

him to perform any official services, ami even these were confined to marriages 
and funerals. At the urgent request of ! In- v. .try lie r- -t e-,,r- 

ship. a- hme m he lived, and also the rectory, whit ii bts B B»3j fafldi DOBpied 
during his ahheuce. In 1 786 the episcopate of Noi ■ Bootia waa offered to 
1 Professions! Years of Ilobart. * Ihid. 



23G 



77,f Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, DP. [Jolr, 



him. bat his failing health prevented his acceptance, and upon bis rocom- 
ution hi- friend. the Rev. Charles Itiglis, D.I)., was a. 

. it his resfdec ■•. Jane 17. 17 .ixty-ufth year 

of his age. 

The funeral service* were performed on Saturday, the 19th. in 
: Ri U.'v. Dr. S:iiniif| TiovocmU biabt'i 
Br. Benjamin Moon-. Iba Bar. Dr. Abraham rlewh. Ihti Ber, Uaal Ogdeo, 
the Bar. Kiehard Moore, and tl. --rvedas pall-bt 

Iba burial ■arrtce was read bj the Bev. Samuel Spraggs a 
voost. i : preached the sermon.' 

Dr. Chandler is reported to have been " a large, portly man, of distingniahr 
ed personal appearance, of a countenance expressive of high intelUgt 
uii> iMiitu.jtih l>lue eye, of a commanding voire, aud a lover of music- He 
bad fine powers of conversation, was a most agreeable companion I 
•ges, and possessed an unusually vigorous an 

Notwithstanding his extremely Baited salary or allowances during the 
greater part of his mini! said that he lived a ' eaae 

mfort, and in the exercise of a free and unlimited hospitality aud 
ebaiityi trbioh were loug remembered with wonder an<l pleasure. 

He was extensively known and respected, and beloved by hi* parishioners 
ami frienda He is said to have'. rful in his temper, easy and so- 

le in his iutomiurte with others, fond of study, of I and 

rural pursuits, blending and sweetening them with toe . It 

was natur.il therefore that his kindness, his devotion to duty, his piety, and 
loot and endnem ministry should endear bun to hit pi 

Dr. Chandler was married in 17"><» to Jane, daughter of ('apt. John and 
Mary (B iod Of) Kmott,* of Elizabeth town. They had six children, viz.: 

I. Mary, died earlr. 

'.'. Wiluab, bora 1756, Ihtown; baptised M»y 23, 1758; icn»d *t 

Kii.g's (DOwGolom! .in 1771. II. m ■ W-JerBBJ 

rolaoteers In lbs royal service during tha i iry war, after which 

he went to 1 id, and died thai 1 I loti 88 

3. IfaBl Bionra. baptised Hot. 15, 176 1 ; died Juuc 28, 1784, aged 89 

yean, unmarried. 

4. EiiZA&crn I umunc, Imptixcd July 22, 17ft! ; married, Jan. 19, 1786, 

i H-ii. Bhai 1' ndiaot Daj ton. 
6. Jaxk To.m.hki.- i . baptised Sept. 27. 17G7; married, May 3, lTtHJ, Major 

\\ illinm Dayton. 
6. Ilaal GOOfJDt, bom Bapt. II, 1774; married, Mny 6, l=»0O, the R<rr. 

Juhu Henry Ilobart, then th<- incumbent of St. U* ■ i 'i, llcuip- 

atead. I.. I . . and afterward bishop of the dioco* of New-Turk. 

• N.J. Journal, No. 3*1. 

' Ohandlo Kmnilv. Tlic portrait of T>r. Cnnndler, whleh acvninnnnie* this nrtirle, wiu 
I !.:■• m. ii i ■ in mi oil p Kin .!,■•. l>> 1 1- hwithi r w inthrop, Sll I tin [llltl ' ■*■ .. - -,IH:!!v i ..,i,cd 
rge Chandler, ol Wori liter, Miiss., author of tlio "Chandler Km;; 

» Ibid. 

"ttwoMhc fourth twin "f loan F.uiott nnd hl« wife (Mary Lawrence, 

■tep-dsivfater o v. Carteret). Jarae* Emott ems a Fnuirii Hujnimnt, irhocan. 

England si tsrlj n» 1683: secretary of the proritioe of N. J. ; remoi -York; 

N. Y. in I7i:i. Ilia widow married the Bar. Mr Vanphan, before mentioned, In 1714. — 
oat of the flrat veitrvmen of Trinity ehnrch and conti illy to it* fu : 

llayfcld'i fftfmtatft. .\.J; Wh\Uht'ad't E*ttJertey. 



1873.] 



U. S. Nary and Naval Academy Rcgistori. 



237 



U. S. NAVY AM) NAVAL ACADEMY REGISTERS: 

A 80UROB OK HIOCKArillCAL AM) (IF.Mi.U.OOICAL INFORMATION. 

Bg Qapt; fit M. in m Paw e, u.s.n. 

Bemevinu that many persons are not nwarc of the data, encntinl to the biographer 
and genealogist of n>> . i-ontaincd in these pamphlet*. ! will bl fa Bj h "'' what 

may bo found r.-- • i : . • ■■ I in tlirm, niul 0fl i In- PNJf jfdfl q] tin- \n',.il AfladeOD] in Anna- 

SEach coiigrv»ioual district in entitled to be represented by one cadet nt tho 
an! Ai ademy. Whenever a cadet dies, reeisins, in diraibwd, or graduate! from 
tlio iiemirmy. tbe vacancy created is bmnediatalj Mini by the membei ol the 
booee, or senator tben In oBoe, appointing » eneoMeor, Xhe preeidenl ol ihe luited 
«1hi hus the privilege of appointing ten oadett " at large," who are usually 
the BonB of naval or military officers, or the. Riiw of his personal friends. Thvi the 
Naval Academi baa. ai all timee. a represents mm nu eeofa iwiiihh— li>if 1 tad 

aataatorial district of the United States, plus ten appointed "' "t largo" by the 
president. 

No candidate, however appointed, is admin, d into the Nnvnl Academy na a cadet 
m 1 1 i -1 1 i 1 ■: ii :ir» . until he bus passed n satisfactory • in mi nation before the " Ac: di n iofl I 
I, ' and is. in tin; opinion of a Ui< d of three imiiinil ollierrs 

of tlie IT. S. iiiivs. Sraod in all ' jlisNimlk Q formed BOB Bl a 

robust constitution qualified to endure the million* luhois Of BB olliivr n( the nnry. 
All candidates are required to ceinl. mi houm to tbett pre Bfiooato their 

examinations, and nuno are examined who uro under 1 1, or over 18, iba prescribed 
iiniirv .<■- u an, 

Tho candidate having named (be preliminary enminntions, hie height, weight, 
and lilting power are taken, .nu' at kepi lor the i die 

aargaonol tny. A similar record is entered beneath it at the date of his 

leaving the institution. A coflspariBoa of the two will show his pit;. "'p-« 

merit wluln an nndi r- 

Iiniiii'diniclj, upon tin; cadet's admlatlODi bl name is en rolled upon < ! 
.-.■ i: I. r. toj ■ !'.>■:■ v i:b tin nniBeof the anstefiom which in i- uppiinted, i' i data 

of bis admission to the academy, and bffl IM at admission in yen is and nioiiths. and 
thi« i* all printed in the iirst annual register i.-iml after his iipp.nntn.i -nt. Tins in- 
I'm million i* cuiitiuucd in the uCftdefiM register I'm each BBOOB Stole >ear 

[] he graduates, and tin. in ^r rriristei ling 

in In h year, bin onler «>f merit in caob ol bis aBTOral stud (•©■ 

tical exer<ii. s, i he sum of tin- demerit* li>' has reoaJT e d duriti:' . and the 

total amount of hlaaaa amine in praotjoa ships, Tben i- alao an annmint nnanaH 
with each OOdl it in :i large hook, in which, under his nnme • •d. in full, the 

mi tn n ofeech ol hia oflcbi I order and discipline, and Iba tnounl 

tho penalty exacted. \Vhenn< •■• :» wbob) month without receiving any 

demerit. 15 demerits are dadnotad From the Dumber previously charged against him. 
If he receives 300 demerits he tOseS his position in the ncndi my. Alter g^adoation, 
ngaaaral mait>roU ■ ing elii« is made up, showing the nia "I the 

merit "i Boob< idet in bbi b of hb ■ sernJ r-tudies und exarobe a , togetber with Lis 
standing in the class at graduation, and thi.-. is printed in the aoademj 

The annual nnvy-n-.i-i'-r also OODBaltM the names of all the cadet midahlpmi 
the Naval Academy, aJpbabetloaOy arranoed in tbeir cbuaes, wfl the 

atatef of their birth, the shitc.i fr-»tu R>hi lE appuiutcd, tho stutea of which u rc.-ident, 
nml (bo date ol tbeir entering Mieacademj. 

After gmduatinn. the mi-.-hipii. nn '- 1. 1 is entered on tbe navy-ivgihtrt in bja 

order of rnuk; and while nil tbe Information prerioaaij g^ven oonoerninfl bint at a 
cadet in the nuvy-r agb ter if Omtinaad, there is added to it tlie date ol his gradua- 
ti.ui. Ins present duty. Minimi. 01 realdcxioe, bis total BaMMrriM (in years and 
niontli'.) . total nhore or other duly , how Ion j . u,| .1- .\ | d. BOH I'.wg in the snrrioe, 
andthedatcoftbeexpir.it I sea, 

On being prom m< nasi higher prndo, the date of graduation is omitted, 

and iiir.t« thsdBlBOl prcacnl > - abowfu 

the sua soi >ioe ander present oommtssi a; and I I through • 

all »ulwe<|uent pramotloBB, TboB, bj an tiamlntnlon ol . Uie 

date of each promotion and the amount of sea uro i m onder i 

Iba ammo or similar information is given respecting the medical, paj, engineer 
aud other stall' omcers uot gruduutes of the naval aatdemy. 



Tfte Jklcher Family. 



[July, 



There seems tome doabi as to 
the dale of Andrew Belcher's death. 
Harris says that his grave at Cam- 
bridge is designated only by a foot- 
stone, marked "A. B.," placed beside 
thai of hit wife. Her tomb-stone U 
inscribed as follows. 

W« arc iuclined to read it that the 
widow died at the above dale, and 
not the husband* as Savaok gives it; 
but our readers can judge : 



• ll.:..!y,:i, Lurried 

Y* body or Elizabeth 

Burma, who was 

formerly the wife of 

Andikw Bncus late 

of Cambridg deceased 

who departed this Ufa 

June y* 96, 1080 

^Btatis sua 63." 



SECOXD GEXEEMTIOV. 

2. AinmEwr* Belciikr, only son, was of Cambridge, but married at Hart- 
tbrd, and there had some of his children born. EBi wife, whom be 
marricil July 1, 1670, was Sarah, daughter of Jonathan Gilbert,* 
marshal of that colony. Their children were : — 

Andrew,' d. unmsrri ••!. 

Sarah, 3 m. 6rst, Joseph I.vndc, of Chirleetown ; second, John Foyc, of Boston. 
EUsabetb,' b. Jan. 12, itJ78; m. Danid < 41 
Mary, 3 b. March 7, 108O; m. George Voughao, of Portsmouth. 
3. Jonathan.' b. Jan. 8. 1689. 

Ann,' h. March 30, 16»l : m. Oliver Noyce. 
Martha, 1 ».. Mnr.h 29, 1G86. 

This Andrew* was a member of the council from 1702 to 1717, and as 
l.i. iui says, ■ was the most opulent merchant in the- town of Boston, a man 
of integrity and honor, a fnend to rdigioa and learning." He died Oct. 31, 
1717: Ms wife died Jan. M, 14 

In regard to the character of Amlivw Belcher, Jr., we u-ill hen a«v 
testimony given by his son Gov. Jonathan B., in the letter already printed 
in the Reuistkk, xxiv. 19, 20. 

Extracts from a Letter from Gov. Jklcher to Mr. Prince.' 

Sir, 

• • • • "\\Tiat you desire respecting my decnas'd Father 1 and myself is 
a difficult Task and 1 know not when I shall be able to undertake it". For 
altho' this be a little Goverum' yet it calls for much attentii D and attend- 
ance for the King's honour and lor Hooking tlie good and Welfare of the 
Poople and my Large Correspondence to N. England and larger than here- 
tofore to great Britain kaopi me In full Imploye. These things notwith- 
standing If you would tell mu your Design and State" any Questions to ma 
I would Indcavour to answer them. My Father was as great a Genius as 
his Conntrey could boast of but wanted an Education to Improve and polish 
it. (Gov. Dudley) who was a good Judge used to say M* Gomissary Belcher 
would make a good Minister of State to any Prmivj in Europe Especially 
in the Article of Finances. His late Farewell and Blessing of me showM 
liis -tmng thoughts and great modesty. Its fresh in my Memory and will 
be till the Frost of Age seals up that Faculty be called me to his Bedside 
took me by the hand and said — Son you may expect mo to bless you in a 
better manner and style than I am able to do for God did not put it into 

• It will be DOM Unit Ami raw married Sarah Gilbert in 1070; la 1078 hi* riatcr Ann 
married Samuel Ballard; and in 1689 Belcher's brother- In-law married Ballard's daughter 
by a ur»t wlfo. 



1873.] 



The Belcher Family. 



24.1 



your Grand Fathers power to give me the Education lie Inabled me to 
ive vou. but remember my Last Words f> JOB MB Jfip /A« .Blessing of 
God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob rest upon 
you and your seed for Beer. Ai/ten. Farewell. 

Neither the Patriarchs nor Apostles could hfcTB Soot it better. Just as 
ho was Expiring the Blanket was oflba i ■ : 1 1 Pace so bo rais'd himself 
a little from his Pillow and Said to the Late Madam Sewall who watcht 
with him give me the sheet for it is my winding Sheet then ho unroll'd his 
arms hi it and said 1 will lay mo down and dye in Peace and expir'd in a 
minute. 

I should not have Troubled you with this Ace" but as it may make some 
Little part of an Answer to what you bfl {,#•••# 

I thank vou for the Sermon preach t upon the death of my Late dear and 
Excellent Sister* which has given me much pleasure in read*. • • • • 
Kev" and Worthy Sir 

Very much your Friend and servant 
Burlington, J. Belcher. 

Juno 7, 171-;. 

Mr. Prince. 

(By Mr. Brandon.) 

THIRD GENERATION. 

3 Jonathan-' Br.i.cnr.n «tl graduated tl lt.n-.ard OoOoM in 169& lie 

■■ oiled abro:ul for many year*, ln>ram«; u in«-rehaiit in Ronton, and 
was soon rvni><|)icuoua in political lit--- H«s w.i* a member of the 
eouncfl, 1722-28, 1728-27, and in 1728 was tent at agent to England. 
He was commissioned Governor of ftfaenarhnjatfa Jan. 8, 17 
and arrived l.c-iv 10th August following. He held ofltt for eleven 
., but of course became unpopular, and was moceoded by 
William Shirley, May 1 1"'. 1741. BotChluBOO .i-ives many interesting 
i i » (..iv. ll.-hher, ami -Imv.. thai lie vr:is the victim of 

apolitical mtrtgoa. in [747 ha mu made ! of New-Jersey, 

an oilier uliirh h. lill.'d till his death, Ang. 81, 1787. 1!;- Mirceator 
there was Pra&tif Bernard, who, three years later, also 1» 
Governor of tffttfafinilftftirft. 
Gov. Jonathan 1 Balohat BUI ied, tii . U Sty, dau. of Lt. Gov. William 

Partridge, of New^Hatnpahir*, and had: 

4. Andrew * b. Kbr. 17, 1706. 

Sarah,' b. April 22, 1708; m. Bylleld Lyde, Ang. 17, 1797. 

5. Jonathan, 4 h. July 23, 1710. 
William,* b. April 12, 1718, 
Thomas,* b. May 13, 1713. 

His wife d. Oct. 6, 1786, and he married Sept. D, 17i8.Mary-Louistt-Emilia 
. u Burlington, N. J., who survived him, but by whom he had 
no issue. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

4. Andrew* Belcher, oldest son of (he Governor, lived at BO 

Eliot says of him : ■ lie possessed I haadtoiaa property without much 

• Mm-thn Belcher. «i*tcr of Gov. Brlcher, *u bom March 29, 168fl. She married An- 
Ihony S Q, See Stoddard Family, od. 18*9, |>. 6. mid sd, ISto. |». 3. 6he died 

Feh. 11, 1747-U. Iter. Mr. Prince preached a sermon on the jabbuth after tier funeral, 
which yrat printed in 1748. 



242 



The Bdc/icr Family. 



[July, 



patriot irk zeal or literary taste." Tie was of Harv. Coll. 1721, 
nu-inlwr of the council 17G5-7, and di. 1 in Milton, Jan. 24, 1771. 



I lis wife, who survived Lira, waa . 

■as, I presume, Register of Probate in Suffolk countv. 
— !'. 
5. Jonathan* Belcher, the second son of the Governor. II. C. 1728, 
studied the law, and was one of the early settlers at Chibueto, now 
IX. I f. - » aa (lii. f Justice and Lieut Governor of Nova Scotia, 
Eliot says of him : •* He was a man of excellent habita, prjident, np> 
right, of great political integrity. His prejudices wore much in furor 
of .New-England." 

He married (see Gilea Memorial, p. 2C3-1), April 8, 1756, at K 

Chapel, Boston, Abigail, dau. of Jeremiah Allen. Their children, 
all ltoni in Halifax, were : — 
Jonathan,* b. Jan. 22. 1757; d. Aug. 96, 1757. 
OillwrKJnunthan,* b. May 17, 1760 ; d. Aug. 31. 1763. 
Mnrv-Fjiiiliii-F,lmin*th,* f». June :t, 1780 ; ui. Dr. Vhoiniis-LindaU" Jennison, 

iiinl li-tt issue. 
AMflaiL 1 b. Nov. 12, 1761; d. Sept. fl, 1766. 

6. Andrew,* h. July 22. 1763. 
Jonathan.' 1>. tag. 14, 1765; d. June 29. 1772. 
William-Jeremiah,* b. May 7, 1770; d. May 8, 1770. 

II .lied Marrh 20. 177t;. and wm fortunately spared the necessity of 
rhujsing between hia native country and that of his adoption. 

fifth c km: ration. 
fi. AN*onr.w* Hfi.ciier, only representative of the name in the male line, 
MM :i ni<inl«r of I of Nova Scotia. He married Marianne, 

dau. of Fliodzich William von Geyer, of Boston, and had : — 

7. i. Alexander-Brymcr,* h. Juno 22, 1704. 

If. Marianne-Manraretia-Veaty,* b. April 29, 1798; d. Feb. 4, 1818. 

iii. Fiiedrich-Willisai.* b. July 12, 1797; d. Aug., 1833. 

8. iv. Edward.* b. lab. 87, 1709. 
0. V. Andrew Herbert,* b. Feb. 19, 1804. 

vi. I ii. \l.r« 'j. i^oti; jn.<:|uir|r*.Marryatt,M.P..aiKlbad,anionf 

other children, the lata weU-koown kathor, Oapt. r'p\h rk-kMaxryatt. 

vii. George-Berkeley,* b. June 16, 1807; d. unin. Sept. 10, i860. 

viii. John-Douglas,' b. ; d. nuf, 

ix. Emily-Murray,* b. Nov. 20, 1808; m. Rev. Henry-Andrew St. John, 
and d. 1835, hwrlnj i*ue. 

x. Eleanor,* b. Much a, I8I3 ; m. firot. Rev. W. Cogswell, and had uwie ; 
and aMond, Major John-Oaridge Burmeett-r. 

xi. Cliarlotte-Francea-Wentworth, 1 b. ; d. young. 

Andrew* Belcher died at Boulogne, Nov. 17, 1841. 

SIXTH GENERATION. 

7. ALKX.ixnF.R-BRTMER'' Belcher, ©f Etoi -hampton, married Maria, dan. 
of Joseph Alcock, Esq., of Putney, and had: — 
(10) i. Brymrr.' b. Not. 13. 1819. 

ii. Fredcrie It-Joseph/ b. Aug. 19, 1821 ; of the GCUi foot; d. unm. Am? 
28, 1841. b ' 

iii. Marin, 7 b. 1813. vi. Adelaide,' 



II. !. n-Jnnc,' d. voting. 
Marietta-Louisa/ b. 1826. 



vii. Jenet,' A. young 
viii. Henrietta/ b. 11 



Aloxauder-Bryuier* Belcher, d. Feb. 8, 18-18. 



244 



The Jkkher Family. 



[July, 



8. Sir Edward* Belcher, K*. C. B., Rear-Admiral R. K, Ac * well- 

known naval officer, whoso services in every quarter of the world will 
be found recorded in the journals of the time, married* in 1830 Diana 

Jolliffe. 

9. Rev. Andrew-Herbert* Belcher, m. in 1829, Julia, dan. of Ralph 

Wilson, of Islip, and had : — 
i Andrew-Holmes,' b. 1830. 
Ho died Nov. 20, 1829. 

tETENTH OENERATIOV. 

(10.) Rev. Brttier* Belcher, M. A., of Wadham Coll.. Oxford, and In- 
cumbent of St. G i'iiniiiri, married first, Jum 7th. 1840, 
Clara-Catherine, dau. of John Mullins Sandham, Esq., and had : — 

i. Aueuatus-Brymer,' b. ^^— ; d. 1851. 

ii. Andrew-BrT^ler, , b. ; d. 1666. 

iii. Gilbert-Kilward, 1 b. Julv 9. IH54. 

ir. Mary-CWUi. win*,* D. April 30, 1850. 

t. C&tncrine-Brymer,* b. March 19, 1857. 

wife died Mir. h 2ft, 1857, and lie m. second, July 27, 1858, Mary, 
dau. of JamiH Tow i . of Jamaica, and has : — 

ti. Mibcl-DuroUiv.* b. July I, 1B50. 
rii. Hugh- Walter,* b. July 7, 1860. 
Ivhauud-Cbarte.,* b. May 12, 1889. 



KOTES TO THE 



FOREOOIXG PEDIGREE. 
1. 



We give on tho pnv.-ding page the English pedigree referred to at the 
commencement of this article. 



It is to be remembered that though this family can bo traced so clearly, 
there were various other Belchers here, not connected with Andrew, so 
far as we know. Savage enumerates Edward, of Boston, 1C3I ; Grvgory, 
of Boston, whose son was buried in the Granary, April 3, 1683, I 
Jeremy, of Ipswich ; all of whom seem to have left numerous descendants. 

3. 

As to the arms of the family it is shown in the Heraldic Journal, ii. 62, 
that the governor's father, he himself, and his son, all used the coat of the 
Belchers of Gilsboro', co. Northampton, via. : M Or, three pales gules, a 
chief vaira. Crest, a grey hound's head ermine, gorged with a collar gules, 
rimmed and ringed or. ' 

It may be worth noticing that hernldieally the arms of tho United States, 
via. : " paly of thirteen argent and gules, a chief azure," bear a stronger 
resemblance to the arms of Belcher than they do to those of Washing r 
The colors indeed are different and the number of pales is doubled. Yet the 
principle of the two coata is identical. The Washington arms arc as differ- 
ent as possible, having no chief, and having bars instead of pales, i. e. hori- 
zontal stripes instead of perpendicular one?. Although our national flag 
may be founded on the Washington coat of arms, it is certain that our na- 






1873.] 



The Belcher Family. 



245 



tional seal is not ; for as the difference between a bar and a pale i* one of 
the greatest possible in simple shields, any such change destroy* the identity 
of coats. 

4. 

In regard to the Gcyer or Von Geyer family the following notes may bo 
of interest. The first of the name was a late emigrant hither, and the tra- 
dition is that he was of a good family in Germany. The record stands as 
follows : — 

Frederick W. Geyer, m. Snsanna Ingraham, April 30, 17G7 ; she d. Sept. 
23, 1796, and had : 

i. Thomns, d. 1800. 
ii. John J., d. Doc. 18, 1808. 

iii. Mary Ann, ro. Sept. 7, 1709, Andrew Bclcbrr, ami had isnio. 
iv. Charlutte, in. Dm. 17. I7S9, Joseph Murryatt, and had: Marin, Char- 
J0Mph| Frederick, Charles, Fanny, Ellen, George, Horace and 

•Samuel. 
t. Catherine, m. July 8, 1802, Nathaniel Tucker, and had : Charlotte M., in. 

Geo. W. Sumner; Marion B., m. Rudolph Geyer; Nathaniel A., m. 

Maria Dctning ; Catherine <;., m. Jamw J. Cutler; Ann* A., m. 

Henry A. Green; Nathaniel A.,d. unmiin !<■ I. 
Ti. Frederick W., m. Jan. 13, 1703, Relwcm Fruier, and hail : Elizabeth ; 

Itodolph, m. Man' B. Tucker, his cousin; Frcdorick W., d. young, 
vii. Suwui G., d. March 7, 1802. 
»iii. Mary, m. Feb. 13, 1791, Kufus G. Auiory, and had : Rufus-G. ; Ann 

Q„ rn. r»r. John .Jeffries ; Catherine, m. Lewia Cunningham ; SoBU 

G., m. Win. Freeman ; Adeline, m. Lhvxec Cunningham ; Charlotte M. 

On the pedigree are the following notes by Dale, I presume, referring to 
Robert Helcher, the first name on the tree: 

1". " Qu. If not 2' 1 brother to William Belcher, of Gillesborongh, in 
Com. North'ton, married Christiana d' and h r of Tho. Dabridgcourt, of 
Longdon Hall, in Com. Warr. Died 5 Apr. 1C09." 

2\ * Qu. If not 2" 1 son to Will Belcher, of Guilsborough who married 

Eliz. d' and h' to Tho : Raiuds aud Margaret, d' of • Kinucrslev, of 

Salop." 

3 d . ■ Let Mr. John Belcher, now of Danbury, set down his father and 
grandfather's name and places of residence, with tlu'ir matches and issue as 
t.n ::•• he « - 1 1 1 r < iii'-nibsr, :m<l bJm WtotfaU HM1 tUBtt an 1 , Qotl Qd Amu .and 

what' as well as ho can describe it. but mndtflj Ik him pturataaUy enume- 
rate how the relation stands balWfll biui and tho present Mr. Audrew 
Belcher, of New-England, in point of descent. Also if the family hare 
been of any continuance at Danbury; an O&Mt ul nil their marriages, 
christuings and burials will bo acceptable and of use in tho further settle- 
ment of this affair." 



Historic a I. Relics tk Trrntox, N. .1. — It is stated that among the 
historical relics preserved in the xtate arsenal in Trenton. NrwJci-ry, are 
two cannons captured at the battle of Saratoga during the in, and 

five guns captured at tho battle of Trenton in 177C, bearing the names of 
the Tower of London and Dublin Cftftla- There are alao a flint musket 
■ u ted by Lafayette to the American congress, the colors of the various 
New-Jersey regiments, and several flags captured during the late civil war. 



Me 



Letter* of Dr. Franklin and others. 



[July, 



LETTERS OF DR. FRANKLIN, MRS. JANE MECOM, JOSIAII 
FLAGG, RICHARD BAOBB, Ac. 

At a meeting of the- New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, held March 3. 
I87B, BaosMH A. Q. Ffi.ut*, Esq., of Boston, presented the following letters 
and papers, and also made an interesting statement of their history, which we 
here insert us introductory. 



Ma. Pbmidekt: — Certain original letters and 
possess a historic interest and value as connected 



hieh 
"ious 



other paper?. w: 
with that illustrious 
philosopher and statesman, Kenjamin Franklin, have come into my hands 
from certain descendant - Ol Ji ttlh Flagg, late of Lancaster, Mass., with a 
view to their better preservation in the archives of some fitting institution, 
and I am happy to be the medium of their presentation to this society. 

These documents consist of — 

1st. An original letter from Dr. Franklin to his sister, Mm. Jane Mecom, 
dated Phi May 9, 1786. 

2d. A manuscript certificate of Dr. Franklin, dated Sept. 4, 1 786, as to 
the character and ability of Josiah Flagg. 

8d. Extracts from certain letters of Dr. Franklin, copied fro finals 

by the said Josiah Flagg. 

A I. tt.r from Dr. Franklin's sister, Mrs. Jane Mecom, to bar 
grain! in. .josiah Flagg, dated July 21, 17.- 

6th. A I. tiii fn.iu told Josiah to his grandmother, Mrs Mecom, dated 
August 2.1, 178.1. 

6th. A letter from said Josiah to his cousin, Miss Jane Mecom, dated 
Petersburg, Va., March 18, 1786. 

7th. A Utter from Hi' -li.inl Hacho to Mrs. Mecom, dated April 19, 1790, 
announcing to her the death of her brother, Dr. Franklin. 

8th. A memorandum, or recur- I-Ium.L. written by .Mrs. Mecom, containing 
certain family records, styled by her a " Hook of Ages;" and also ooa- 
taining certain other memorauda made by the aforesaid Josiah Flagg. 

In presenting these papers, it has seemed to me proper — and I trust it 
may not be wholly without interest — that I should refer briefly to the 
genealogical history of Josiah Flagg, and add such thoughts in connecti -r, 
with the papers as may be suggested by them ; and in this I am encouraged 
by the kindness and favor of of your committee. 

The Flagg, or " Flegg," family were among the early settlers of New 
England, Thomas FUgy having left Scratby, hundred of East 11 egg, co. 
Norfolk, in 1037, and embarked in company with Sir Richard Carver, 
from Yarmouth for this country. He settled in Watertown, and was, for 
nine years one of the selectmen of that town. He had eleven children and 
numerous descendants. From him (as his grandson), it is believed, de- 
scended John F/'i'j'j, of Boston, born May 25, 1673, and who died in 1732, 
as his will was proved Dec. 19th of that year. Among his children, were 
Ehetuzer. Gershom and Eleazer. In his will he declares : " I give to mj 
•on Eheni /if mj negro boy named Pompey fortnr." This was Eh- 
sole inheritance. ; yet, with Pompey alone, he seems to have nnulo some 
headway in iho world, as he afterward married Mary, tlio daughter of 
Gov. Richard Ward, and sister of Gov. Samuel Ward, of R. 1. ; and his 



1873.] 



Letters of Dr. Franklin, and i 



247 



oldest son (Henry Collins) married ilic widow of Washington Allston's 
father. Whether his father's bequest of tho boy Pompey ■ hWVtt " still 
holds good, I am unable to st;\tc 

Gerthom was tho executor of his father's will, and camo into possession 
and ownership uf tho homestead, which mi situate upon tlie spot now 
occupied by thu American Ilcii.-e, on Hanover St., which his lather had 
purchased, in 1 7 1 7, of Samuel, son of John Viekera. 

Kbam> ma an innkeeper, and his son William, born July 10, 1732, woi 
married to Sarah Mecom, daughter of Edward and Jou (Franklin) Mecom, 
a,w\ Josiah Flagg, born Nov. 12, 1700, was their ouly son. As appear* 
from (||,-..m- papers, he was, for a time, in Dfc FM aMfa' a «Pf>fc>y Qfl VM 
evidently a man of education and ability, and, notwithstanding the loss of a 
leg iu early life, of activity and enterprise. To him was given, ■ unasked," 
the certificate of commendation by Dr. Franklin. His latter days were 
■pent in Lancaster, Moss. 

June Flagg, his sister, was married to Klihn Greene, brother of Gen. 
Nathaniel Greene, of R. I., an allusion to whose death will bo found in the 
letter of Mrs. Mecom to her grandson. 

Among the descendant* of Gershom (who was a man of note), is the 
distinguished and venerable Dr. Jacob Bigelow. of Boston. 

Permit me, now, briefly to call your attention to the documents which 
(owing to the circumstance that I trace my own genealogy from fJershom, 
the brother of RImh t Flagg) I am enabled to lay before yon. 

Th' letter of Dr. I. :].!:i, though short and simple, is characteristic of 
its author, ami >peaks for it*elf. 

The addendum to the certificate (which in itself is a model for likoreeom- 
mandadoBl) .-howg most fully the real value which he desired should bo 
attached to bis words, mid that it. was not to be construed as formal and 
meaningless, as is the case with mini p.. imilar import. 

The copies of extracts from Franklin's letters are in the hand-writing of 
Josiah Flagg, and an ninpm.tionahly authentic I MB not aware that the 
letters h .-.. . ht been published, and tbes. . therefore, add something to the 
already known sayings, or writings, of tin ir author. 

In oiif <>f° them is exhibited thestrh t .iml lofty *cnse of honor ami justice 
by which Dr. Franklin was governed, while the other may strike us as 
somewhat rrmarkalilr. in that we find him, who had begun life in DO 
and passed it iu constant exertions, amidst labors and toils, revolutionary 
struggles :.i ~. -.is he draws near its close declaring that "th. 

he sutlers i« Imt a trifle when compared with the long life of health and 
pase" which he has enjoyed, and regarding this " pain " as the ■ souk thing " 
designed to make him willing to leave this world when called to do so, and 
to make the parting not "grievous," but joyous. 

Does not this brief extract from a letter to lus sister prove his claim to 
the title of philosopher qxute as fully as lus public and more elaborate 
writing*? May it not also contribute to correct the somewhat erroneous 
impression entertained as to his religious views? 

Tin.- letter of Mr*. Mecom was written to her grandson, Josiah Flagg, 
while he was in the employ of Dr. Franklin (as appears by a comparison of 
dates), and when she was 74 years of age. Though the lack of early 
cilm.-tfinn may be seen, yet the vigor of mind and strictness of discipline 
which marked the character of the brother, may be readily discovered in 
tail letter, which | y was written in reply to one in which the young 

Josiah of 25 years of age had given his aged grandmother to understand 



Ml 



Letters of Dr. Franklin and othen. 



[July, 



that he had broken away from tho apron strings, and that advice unasked 
is not always welcome (however certificate* of character "unasked" may 
have beeu). From this letter, we also learn that Josiah Flagg had lost a 
leg, a$ bad also Mr. Pratt, the lawyer, who was none the "less respected " 
by reason thereof. 

TliMre are many points of Interest in tho letter itself, and as being nearly a 
century old, and written by a sister of Dr. Franklin, it posseses additional 
interest and value. 1 

Josiah Flagg's letter to his grandmother, in 1783, is interesting aa 
relating to l>r. Franklin's return from France to America, and also aa 
expressive of the feelings of the people at the close of the Revolution, in 
regard to the necessities of the times and the needs of the infant count ry. 

The letter from Petersburg, Van written by Josiah Flagg to his cousin 
Jane, gives us an idea of that locality about a century ago, and passes 
judgment upon the state of society as then existing. It is sprightly and 
jocose. It will be observed that the celebratiou of Washington's birth- 
day occurred on the 1 1th of February, the " old stylo" date, and not* the .' 

Mr. Baches letter, announcing the death of Dr. Franklin to Mrs M>-com, 
is dated April 19, 1790, two days after the event occurred, and was enclosed 
to some friend, who was to break the sad intelligence to her in audi manner 
as to render the shock less severe. The writer, Richard liache, married 
Dr. Franklin's daughter in 1767, and was the grandfather of the late 
Professor A. D. Bachc. 

T'lisni tins <liv, It fa Afloat! to realise thai Benjamin Franklin, mas' 
trious as he was throughout the civilized world, and who first mailo the 
lightning to do his bidding, could have died in the city of Philadelphia, on 
tho 17th of April, and that tho announcement thereof to his sister should 
have been convoyed through a letter written upon the ll'th (probably in 
season for tho first mail), which must have reached Boston some days after 
by the slow course of the post. 

Such an event happeittBg in onr time, would, of course, — and through 
his discoveries, as applied and perfected, — l>e heralded throughout tho 
length and breadth of the land, and made known to all civilised people 
upon the earth, in almost an instant after its occurrence. 

The memorandum-book, or "book of ages," contains a record of the 
date of hor own and her husband's birth, as also that of their childr 
together with other statements, written by Mrs. Mecora, and among iham 
the record of the dates of the deaths of the father and mother of herself and 
Dr. Franklin. 

From this, it also appears that Jane Franklin was married when sho. 
was but fifteen years of age, — which fact may account for any lack of 
education evinced io her letter. 

This book also contains certain memoranda made by Josiah Flagg, bat it 
may be well to remark that his bu< as to his ancestry are uofl 

corroborated in all respects by genealogical data, and that tin irri d oj 
his ancestors in this country was probably much more remote than 1700, 
as in liy him. 

He, however, records a statement in relation to his father's death being 

1 It al»o appears, from a published letter of l>r. F. to Mrs. Mecom, that she wa* 
what sensitive as to bcr spelling, and her brother vrrv kindly ««*iinw her that It 
the fault of the language than her own, as he says, In a published Ietwr flat* I ;s« : 

" You need not be concerned, In writing to me. about your had spelling ; for, iu say ■ 
100, the bad spotting, or what la railed so, Is generally •'"•' lM -'*». »* conforming to the ioi 
of tho lutwrs uud of tho words," &c. &c— (Surgeut'ii Life and Stleci Work*, p. 483.) 









1873.] 



Letters of Br. Franklin and other t. 



249 



occasioned by poboD administered by a British surgeon, who despoiled the 
house afterward, — and while Boston was in possession of the British Army 
in 177-"i, — which, if true, is :iu !&t6Tttt£Bg incident in Ubfi history of those 

days, and rcllects little credit upon our mother « "try, and should consign 

to utter infamy the name of the In. Spencer tO whom the act U attributed. 

Tin m- inij^K, I do not doubt, will be regarded as valuable, and worthy of 

a place in the archives of the society, by the side of the many rare and 

ilorumrnu, already in the possession of this useful and honored 

institution, mid I [.y to have it in my power to offer them for your 

aeceptanei - 

Allmv nn- uIko to add that, at some future time, I shall prepare a sketch 
of the life of Qtta] i Flagg, the brother of Eleazer, with a view of lay- 
ing it before the society; but at present I will ouly mention a fact suggest - 
«il tn me by the article in the number of the Register for January, 1872, 
relating to the "Bronilield family," — in a note to which the niausiun of 
Henry Brnuitjeld, in Harvard, Ma*s., is described. 

It this Gershom was not himself the n-. Iiitect and builder of that man- 
sion, as I am led to believe was the fact, he was at one time the owner and 
occupant thereof, and probably it was purchased of him by Mr. Broinfield 
in llQo. 

[DR. FRAXKXm.] 

Philad*., May 2, 178G. 
Dear Sister 

I wrote to you lately by a Vessel, and sent yon two volumes of 
my Papers that they have printed in London. In one of them you will 
find the new Alphabet you desired. Your Grandson Flagg is now with 
mo. I give him some present Employment in Writing for mo. He presents 
his Duty. Temple is busy in establishing his Farm that which was formerly 
bis Father's near Aiuocub. He seems seriously intent upon a Country Life, 
which I much approve, as being tho most independent, the moat useful mid 
therefore the most honourablo of all our Employments. The rest of us 
are well and join in Love to you and yours. 

I should write to Cousin Jonathan but that I am told ho is coming here. 
My love lo that Family and believe mo ever 

Your affectionate Brother, 

B. Franklin. 
[Superscribed :] 

To M". Mecom. 
To tho care of M'. Jon*. Williams, Mereh*. 
Pr favour of ) Boston. 

Mr. Vaugban. J 



[certificate.] 

This is to certify whom it may concern, that Jo&iah Flagg has lived with 
me near Five Months, being employ'd as a Clerk and Ae. ■•mutant, and has 
behav'd in hi.-* Employment with great Ability, Diligence and Fidelity, so 
as to give me perfect Satisfaction. 

Philadelphia, Sept. 4, 1786. 
B. Franklin. 
This Testimony is given unask'd. 



of 



Franklin and others. 







[EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS, WRITTEN DT DR. rRASKLDJ TO ms BISTEB 

MRS. JASE J1ECOM.] 

" I have not shown any backwardness to assist him [Bennie] wh 
could be done without injuring another ; hut if my friends require of mo 
to gratify, not only their inclination* but (heir Resentment*, they expert too 
much of me. Dear Sister your truly affectionate Bn 

l;. 1 

Philadelphia, July 1. IT 
" As to tho Pain I suffer, about which you make yourself so u 
is, when compared with tho loug life I have enjoyed of Health aud Ease, but 
a Trill-- 

•^And it is right that we should meet with something to wean us from 
this World and make us willing when called to leave it ; 
Otherwise the parting would indeed be grievous. 
I utn ever 

Your affec 1 Brother B. F. 

[MRS. JAXK MF.COV.] 

DEAn Grand Son Boston, July 21", 17SG. 

I have rec 4 y* Long Icter & read it many times & never without 
TOOn, by which you mav see that I am not without Affcotionat tidings to- 
wards you, but I have always made it my Practice in my conduct towards 
my first children to Reprove & advise where it apeared to me to be Nese* 
sary, and I still Preset in the belief of its being Proper &■ useful], for which 
I i -uiilil bring many Instances but there are two very Striking in Scripture 
of the Utility of Givcing Advice without asking, won of Joseph to Pharoh 
in Egept, the other of Jepthrow to His Son in Law Moses in the Wilder- 
nes, and I hope what I wrot to you has not been of any Rcale Prejud 
to you; j tare yourself it Proceeded from a Stncear Desier of 

your bait Good &, shall always Rejoyoe at what ever turns out to ji 
comfort, or Advantage. 

1 much Aprove of y* conduct in not uakeing rVcqUi ^hileyon 

Remain in that Famely your Reasons are rery joditioOJ if yon eau but 
look on tlie Time yon Spend in that Retiered maner us a Scool in which 
you are to Acquire Kxpearance and Judgmenl to govern your future lift it 
wiU Pass with Lovs RdnoUnce, may yon go on and hold out in the Prin- 
ciples you Apear now to Act from ami < ;<»l 111 ess you & Prosper yon. 

In- nil I] i.' 1 1- • Sntii !• vnni- Si'M in I »i-|i. .in 1 .V LYrtiiMilarly on aCOOttt of 

jIh i Leg, was mi- Pratt the Lawyer Ever Respected the Lest 

by Sensible People for the Loss of II. 

for the quieting yov mind in that Respect I would AdviM you to 
Bead The first Sec. of D'. Price's Dessertations ou Proved"- 
Liberal v will firui.ih you with it. I dout doubt if not try to borrow it, it will 
boa useful I Subject for your Reflection in your Leasure Hours, He thinks 
Euery Person Injoys more hsppyoeu than Adversity therefore take, your 
Share and be content. 

I aoksoliidg what 1 wrot concerning Verasity had Such an apearance as 
vou supose, but could not couvenautly Alter the Terms at that time I own 
I had uo other cause than the Request you then made me wliich besides its 
not beiug agreable to my Judguieut was then out of my Power to comply 
with for I had ullreddy wrot concerning it, but now all is well & I hopo 
you will Try for the Future if you can hmestly write Affectiouat as well 
as Dutifull Grandson. 




1873.] 



Inciters of Dr. Franklin and others. 



251 



the ( l I have rec d from yon since »ho Long won I am much 

Plcaad with & Periicularly that in yr I'm lea new mode of Spelling I ahull 
Like to have you cultivate that method of writing to me in Perticular as I 
can Read it Perfectly but am imi proAcfc Dt anouf to atempt to write it. 

yr Aunt <fc Jenny mccom boath write to you now & so I thought 
they did when I Last wrot which was the Reason I made no mention of 
them in mine. 

Remember me AfTectionatly to m' fie rn" Bnche & all the Children & \o 
Jenny's Sister Smith. I am & Eucr was y' affectionate Grandmother 

Jane Mecom. 

I Lately heard from your Brother 

& the eliiUivii they wers well 

but have recived a Severe Stroak 

of Providence in the Death of His 

Brother Gen u Greene. 
[Superscription :] 

JoBiah Flagg. 

[josuh n.AOc] 

Lancaster, Aug: M*, 1 783. 
Hoit*: Grandma! 

I am at present enjoying a Good state of health which I desire 
to thank God for, wc frail mortals dont prize that Inestimable \'-'.i ..-Jug imr 
indeed know how to valim it unless we aro deprived of it,— The times are 
very hard 'tis true, we must study Oeconomy ; those foreign Luxuries which 
serve only for Dissipation moat not be Introduced, Nor Incourag'd in our 
Infant Country, tin a Rising Empire depends entirely upon the Frugality 
and Industry of its Inhabitants to add Splendor and popularity to the after 
Generations. 

I see in Worcester Newspaper of the 18 th Instant, under the New York 
Head, "That I)'- i-'ri ii k I In haying seen his ■ncoeaaot installed in his diplo- 
mat u tniKiii.riB is preparing i< i Baton to America. As hf. Cannot bear 
the fatigue of a carriage, he will embark at Seine, which runs before Hi 
hooaeal Pasty, and Goto ltouen, and from thence to Havre, where the 
Shin is getting Ready that is to carry him to America- 
God prosper the venerable Sags la giving him an agreahle Voyage, and 
an opportunity of Congratulating with his Citizens and friends. 

He i. the rhilosojib. r. wlm hiM laid linn tbo Basis of American Glory, 
the Superstructure will not be compleatly polished while he is nn the Stage, 
I cant say when I shall be in town but e'er Long I hope — Give my Love 
to Aunt Cottar Cousin Jenny Uncle Cottar has not arivod I suppose. 

I am your Dutifull Grandson 
[Superscription :] M". Jano Mecoiu, JoaiAH Flaog. 

Boston. 
At Jonathan Williams, Esq., 

near the Draw Bridge, fore street 

[JOSIAH FLAGG.] 

Petersburg [Va- ], March 14* 1786. 
Deaii Coz. 

is the most dirty place I ever saw. Nino montlis of the year 
the mud is half leg deep, it is a very Sickly place owing in a great measure 
Vol. XXV 11. 23 



259 



ofDr.Fr 



otken. 



to it* Situation, the Street* are very Irregular, and not a Respectable 
Building in the Borough, it stands upon the River Appomattox, the water 
thereof i» almost Stagnant as it is navigable for ships Off 600 Tons one hun- 
dred and twenty miles, the Vapours arising from it contaminate the air, 
with the most pestilential disorders. Agues, and fevers of Every kind 
prevail. 

What is the Reason that so many merchants are induced to EataMUh 
Houses there and sacrifice their Health? why their own private emolu- 
ment As it is in the heart of a rich Countrey, where Remittances may be 
easily made to their Correspondents. The soil is peculiar to the Culture 
of Tobacco Rice Corn Ac Ac. which are staple Commodities. The Vir- 
ginians as a people are given to Luxury and Dissipation of every kind, and 
are supported in their Extravagance by Afric's sable sons, who they con- 
sign to the most Abject Slavery. 

A Young Lady is not valu'd here for her Accomplishment.* or persona] 
Charms, but for the number of Negroes and plantations she pos se ss e s , so 
that merit is out of the Question. I have not seen a handsome figure since 
I hare been in the place, nor indeed one whose Rusticity is wholly Oblitera- 
ted. As to the Language, they have as many barbarisms as our most 
Countryfied market Girls. I expect when I come to Boston to have the 
pleasure of seeing you connected in the Hymeneal Band with some Gentle- 
man of merit. — O, how does M'- What d'ye call him do, that pretty little 
Lord who pleasured us with his company one Sunday Ev'ning at Grandma's. 
I began to think from his Ogles and manovres, he intended to make a 
Conquest — What is the bon Ion with you, wo have plays, Routs, Balls, 
Balloons in plenty here, and Fashions that I'm almost scar'd out of my 
Wits. 

1 1* of Last month was celebrated here the birth of our Late Illus- 
trious General Washington, at 1 O Clock 13 Cannon were Discharg'd. and 
an Elegant dinner provided by the Gentlemen of the Corporation, patriotic 
Toasts were Drank Bacchus was triumphant and his Cheeks I think look'd 
more Rosy and plump than ever. The 'enebriated God was profuse with 
his Gifts, to some he gave a certain Volubility of Tongue and Copiousness 
of Expression, which were scarcely ever heard to say Boh to a Goose, and 
those that were Remarkably facetious become Mum Chance, and to others 
he would Administer his soporific Cordial that lull' J them to Rest for a 
time. — You'll be tir'd of my nonsense and must wind off by adding that I 
am your Affectionate Cousin and 

Unfeigned friend 
P. S. J Flaoo. 

[ ] Love to Uncle Cottes 

There — my candle is out. 
[Superscription :} Miss Jane Mecom, 

Boston. 

[RICHARD BACnit.] 

Philadelphia, April 19* 1790. 
Deab & Hon 4 . Madam 

My duty calls upon me to make you acquainted with an c.\ 
which I know will be a sore affliction to your affectionate Breast. And lest 
the news should reach you and be communicated to you in nn abrupt ma i 
A that your tender feelings might still bo more wounded, I have though! it 
beat to enclose these few lines to a friend, who I hope will first prepare you for 







1873.] 



LeUera of Dr. Franklin and others. 



253 



the shack. — Amidst the affliction of 5 distressed Family, T am hardly connected 
enough to offer any consolation, — my condolence at present must unfile* — 
And my dear Madam I do most sincerely condole with you on the loss of so 
CTOeHeat a fitalfl & Brother — I have not time at present to add mare, than 
that h<- died on Saturday last at 11 o'clock at night, he had not bean long 
wry ill, A therefore we had hardly an opportunity of informing TOO of 1$; 
wo hid boon in daily expectation of his getting better, — but naturn 
was at last worn ont. — I begof you to look upon me as yonr sincere Fliand, 
& as one who will be very happy in rendering yon any services in his 
Power. I am 

Dear Madam Tour affectionate Kinsman 
[Superscription :] M". Mecom, Rich. Bachb. 

Boston. 

[book or ages— m mrs. jan*e irecosr's BURk] 

Edward Mecom Sen': Born in Decemb* 1704 [died September 11, 
1765]. 

Jano Franklin Born on March 27 1712 [died Nov. 1703]. 

Edward Mecom Marryed to Jane Franklin 1 1 1 < ■ 27* of July 1727. 

Josiah Mecom their first Born on Wednessday June the 4 1720 and Died 
May the 18 1730. 

Edward Mecom Born on Munday the 29 March 1731. 

Benjamin Mecom Born on Fryday the 20 of December 1732. 

Ehenezer Mecom Born on May the 2 1735 on Friday. 

Sarah Mecom Born on Tuesday y* 28 June 1737. 

Peter Franklin Mecom Born on y c Lords day may the 13. 1739. 

John Mecom Born on Tuesday march y" 31 1741. 

Josiah Mecom Born on friday march y" 26 1743. 

Jano Mecom Born on Saturday April the 12 1745. 

James Mecom Born on July 31 1746 Died November y* 30 1 7 

Mary Mecom Born febr* ye 29 1747-8 died 17 11. 

Aliiuli Mecom born augst the 1 IT.'il Died april ye. L'iJ 1752. 

Father Franklin Died Jan" 17 1744 

my Dear mother Died may 8 1753, 

i:iv Eldest Sou Ed mecom Died Dee* 7 1758. 

January the 18 1762 this moruing Died a worthy & Dutifull Son Eben- 
erer Mecom. 

June the 12, 1764 Died a beloved & Deservedly Lamented Daogh- 
ttt S.irah Flagg. She has Left four chflcb n. Jaue Mary Josiah & 
Sarah. 

Nov. 9 1764 Died under my care my Daughter flagg* youngest child 
aged 17 mouths. 

March 1765 bigining Died my Daughter Flagg second Daugter Polly 
a sobyr I'lesant Child. 

Sep' 1 1 1765. G od sees meet to follow me with Rejieeted corrections. 
this moruing 3 o'clock Died my husband in a stedy hope of a happy hear 
after. 

September 19 1767 at my Nan tuck ett at the House and under the most 
Affectiouat care of my Dear Friend Kexia Coffin Died my Dear dc 
Beloved Daughter Polly Mecom. 

The Lord Giveth & the Lord taketh away oh may T never be so Rebel - 
ions a* to Refuse Acijuesing &. saying from my hart Blessed be the Name of 
the Lord. 



254 



Rules of Dr. Franklin' $ Junto. 



[Jul* 



• r. mores BTjosrxn flago to the book of ages.] 

According to tho best information I can obtain, there were two Brothers, 
Flagg, camo over from England, one settled in Boston, the other in Woburn, 
one family sprang from the Boston Stock — those two Brothers must havo 
come into this country about the year 1700, one of whom was my Great 
Grandfather, my father William Flagg married Sarah Meeom a Niece of 
the illustrious L>. Benjamin Franklin they had four children Jane, Polly 
Josiah & Sarah, two died in infancy. 

Jane married Elisha Greene of Rhodetsland sho died at about the age 

I was born Nor. 12 1760. and married June 7 1789 to Dolly 

Thurston. Our children were born as follows, viz. 

William— Jul v 88 1790 died at Sea Feb, 7 1806. 

Sally— Nov. 19 1791. 

Dolly— July 25 1703. 

Rebecca— May 8 i 

George Washington— 31 Jan' 1797 died Octo. 17 at Boston 1819. 

Sam' Ward— Apr. 22 1 

My father died in Boston June 1775 when the town was in possesaioo 
of a British army in garrison. The family were then out of Town fled 
with many others into the Country and it was told to me that my father 
came to his death by being poisoned while sick by a surgeon in the British 
Army by the name of Spencer who plundered the house of all ite KffecU. 

I was left a helpless orphan at the age of fourteen, and during the whole 
Revolution suffered very much. JosiAH Flago. 







RULES OF DR. FRANKLIN'S JUNTO. 

Tmi Rwiisttr is indebted to tho Hon. Tikotiiv FarkaR for the following lrtter and 
its interesting enclosure. The Junt-i ta Club referred to was formed by Dr. 
Franklin in Philadelphia in the year 1727, and was composed of men of inrlucnoa 
and discretion. Many of tho public measures of tho state of Pennsylvania were 
inaugurated and Ufuooed a1 ml meeting* of thin club, but so quietlj were it* de- 
liberations eondmti-l, ilnt although it existed for thirty years, the nature of its 
constitution was not publicly known. 
Tho Junto was also the nucleus of the American Philosophical Society, formed in 
1743, of which Dr. Franklin wiw tin* first president. Further information 0OO- 
ceniing the Junto umy be found in Dr. Patterson's Centennial lJisoonrae 
(Proceedings of the Am. Phil. Society, Appendix to No. 27, Vol. 3) ; and in 
Sparks 's Life of FrankJin. 

Dover June 8, 1784. 
Sib: 

I ask your pardon for not sooner attending to your reqnesf/— my 
apology I own is not of tho beat sort — it is forgctiulneas. I really did not 
recollect my promise till this week and immediately set myself on comply- 
ing with it. 

You have here tho Rules for Dr. Franklin's Jnnto in which good sense 
benevolence, and patriotism are fully displayed. I wish we had more 
nurseries of the sort. 

IS. Adams Esq. 'jkr*. Beuurar. 

[Superscription:] 

Nathaniel Adams, Esq. 

Portsmouth f N. U."] 






1873.] 



Rules of Dr. Franklins Junto. 



255 



Previous Question to he answered at every meeting : 

Have you read over these Queries this morning in order to consider what 
you might have to offer to the Junto touching any one of them ? 

1. Have you met with any thing in the author you last read, remarkable 
or suitable to be communicated to the Junto. partieularly in history, morality, 
poetry, physic, travels, mechanic arU or other parts of knowledge f 

2. What new story have you lately heard agreeable for telling in con- 
versation ? 

ft. Hath any Citizen in your knowledge failed in his business lately and 
what have you heard of the Cause ? 

4. Have you lately heard of any Citizen's thriving well and by what 
means? 

5. Have you lately heard bow any present rich man here or elsewhere 
got his Estate? 

6. Do you know of any fellow-citizen who hath lately done a worthy 
action deserving praise and imitation, or who bath committed an Error 
proper for us to be warned against and avoid ? 

7. What unhappy Effects of intemperance, imprudence, passion, or any 
other vice or folly have you lately observed or heard? 

8. What happy Effects of temperance, prudence, moderation or any 
other virtue? 

9. Have you or any of your acquaintance been sick or wounded and 
what remedies were used and with v. hat effect? 

10. Who do you know that are shortly going Voyages or Journey*? 

11. Do you think of any thing at present in which the Junto may be 
serviceable to mankind, to their Country, to their friends or to themselves? 

12. Hath any deserving stranger arrived in Town since last masting? 
what have you heard or observed of his Character and merits? and whether 
TOO flunk it is in the power of the Junto to oblige him or encourage him as 
he deserves ? 

13. Do you know of any deserving young beginner lately set up whom 
it lies in the power of the Junto any ways to encourage ? 

14. Have you latch ohs.-rwd any delect iu the Laws of your Country of 
which it would bo projKir to move the Juuto for an amendment? or do you 
know of any beneficial Law that is wauling? 

15. Have you lately observed any Encroachments on the just Liberties 
of the people ? 

1G. Ilnth any body attacked your Keputatiou lately and what can the 
Junto do toward securing it? 

17. Is there any man whose friendship you want and which the Junto or 
any of them can proCBM for you? 

18. Have you lately heard any member's Character attacked and how 
have you defended ii - 

l'.i. Hath any man injured you from whom it is in the power of the Junto 
to procure Kcdi< 

20. In what manner ran the Junto or any of them assist you in any of 
your honourable designs ? 

21. Have you any weighty affair in hand in which the advice of y* Junto 
may bo of Service ? 

22. What benefits have yon lately received from any Man nut present? 

23. Is than any difficulty in matters of opinion, justice or injustice which 
you would L-ladly have discussed at this Time? 

Vol. XXVII. 23* 



256 



Burning of Falmouth in 177-3. 



[July, 



21. Do ron mo any thing amis* in the present Customs or proceedings of 
the Junto which might be amended? 

Any Person to be qualified, to stand up, lay his hand on his breast o 
asked these Questions : 

1. Have jou any particular disrespect to any Present Members? 

'_'. Do you sincerely declare that you love mankind in general of what 
profession or religion soevet 1 

3. Do jou think any person ought to be harmed in his body, name or 
goods for mere speculative opinion* or his external way of wor»h 

4. Do you love truth for truth's sake, and will you endeavour impartially 
to find and receive it yourself and communicate it to others ? 



THE BURNING OF FALMOUTH CNOW PORTLAND) MAINE, 
BY A BRITISH SQUADRON, IN 17M, 

A Paper prepared bv Mr. William Gootn, of Windham, Me^ and rend at a meeting of 
the Maine Historical Society held In Bath. Feb. 19, 18T3. 

WiTntjr a few months au article has apjtfared in the Ametbury (Mass.) 
Journal on the Sparhawk family of Kittery, by Mr. John G. fl 
have not mn Che :i If, bat the following which purport* to be an 

extract, has been copied into several papers : 

" In 177"i Qapti Mowatt, of the British war ship Canccau, with three 
other armed vessels, anchored oil" Portsmouth, under orders to bombard 
the towu. He privately went on shore and he spurious 

Sparhawk mansion, at Battery Point. He became so fascinated with Mary 
Sparhawk that she persuaded him to save the town and sail to Portland, 
then Falmouth, which he laid in ashes." 

I hare no knowledge of the authority for this statement-' It probably 
rests upon tradition, but I think it is an error. That there was a Mi-« 
Mary Hirst Sparhawk, of the ago. of about twenty years, then living ■ 
father the Hon. Nathaniel Sparhawk's splendid mansion at Kitterj Point, 
there is no doubt. That she was fascinating, is equally certain ; for hi 
says she fascinated Dr. Charles .Tarvis, of Boston, and married him. On 
the death of her husband she returned, about the year 1 788, to the home of 
her childhood, and died there in 1815. One of her brothers, Win. Peppe*- 
rell Sparhawk, in couptianM with the "ill of hi* grandfather. Sir William 
lVpj.rn.'l!. h.-ul succeeded to his house, title, and the nm large 

estate. By an act <r :il court. Ii« dropped the name of Sparhawk, 

and became William (afterward Sir William) Pepperrell. Hexrithall the 
family adliered to the mother-country at the breaking oat of the i 

The confiscation act of 1778 sweptaway all his property except the plate, 
which \v.> v.iy valuable, and which was by that act allow* I to be removed. 
Two or three pieces were given to individuals and are still preserved, but 
what remained was consiih in I of such value that Col- Moultoo, of York, 
with six soldiers, was ordered to guard its conveyance to Boston for )Jup> 

• "We leurn from Mr. Wliltticr th«t lie g»»e this tradition upon the authority of Brew- 
•kr's lUmblcs About Portsmouth, 2d str., p. 187.—*. w. d. 



1873.] 



Bunting of Falmouth in 1775. 



257 



merit to its owner in London, whither he had gone in 1775. He died there 
in 1*1 »>, aged 70. 1 

It i* well known that, during the colonial troubles, the Sparhawk house 
was the randezvotn md U ling-] loco of most of the chief loyalists of the 
vicinity. Both of my l,t t • a t - •_' n i i i ' 1 t'u tlic r» were Kittery men: one of them 
sent his oldest son to Bunker Hill, ami both took thu opposite side to flu 
Sparhawks. The fame of the lory gatherings at that house has heen 
handed down as a family tradition. The fires of hospitality still hum in the 
broad fireplaces of this now RBtOTOd home of colonial aristocracy. Your 
society and their invited guests will recollect their polite reception at this 

OH th.ir tour to York and Kittury, in the autumn of 1871. Capt 
Mowatt, in the British sloop-of-war Canceau, had been on tho New-England 
station a year or more, and no douht had, while patrolling the eastern coast, 
often visited the fine harbor at tho mouth of the Piscataqua; and as the 
Sparhawk house and its occii|iants were prominent among the celebrities of 
that aristocratic neighborhood, he had probably often hi i n tin ir w<-lcomo 
guest. We ran readily imagine him landing from his boat at the stairs at 
the foot of the lawn, where a few years before the elder Sir Wni. Pi 
roll had kept his barge, and negro crew in uniform, and entering that long 

:i \ in: t I lnis whose stumps wo saw, now sad monument* of vandalism. 

Tli lmuse has been restored in the original style, bnt ti a Dot be in 

one generation as they were when the British captain, in knee-breeches 
and bfloUw, laced coat with ruffles at his hands, cocked bat. with gold loop 
:t 1 1. 1 mitt, in. banted over that ornamental pavement (y> t poi I. ct u althoogh 

us old), to spend an hour with the courtly Miss Mary, while m 
for tin- ebb-Mi to take his ship to sea. This was not only I ! man- 

sion, but, like an eagle perched on a crag watching its prey, from its elevated 
■JtQ iiii.n lie oiiiU (MMfl the colonists in their little vessel- far at sea. No 
one would better appreciate this scene and its surroundings than Mr. Whit- 
tier, nor is there one who could describe it in more befit i! We 

know that young l.-idi. -. of U hawk's age and Motion, oftOB have 

Seat influence with men I Sn.n d history tells us of one who, on 

erod's birth day, dam i •' In fore, him and riOMOd him so much that a I In H 
request he gave her tho head of the moral censor who had displeased him ; 
but I think thero was DO hint, that Mis* Sparhawk practised anv blan- 
dishSMOtt before the na\ ;il r.-n-.ini.-unlrr. onlj that he became 00 fimciuated 
that at her request he spared the neighboring town, and poured out Ids 
wrath on i r di voted Falmouth. 

After this long preface, we will examine tin authentic history of the 
transactions at Falmouth, dur dal difficulties, and beforu the 

burning, which will show that Mowatt hud a grudge against the town, and 
that Admiral Graves, who OOmlMndod thfl British fleet then blockading 
Boston, had said that if curtain thing* were done, " he woui armed 

force and beat the town down about their ears." These things were done, 
and no doubt Mowatt was too glad to execute the orders he had solicited 
from tho admiral. 

My authorities for this narratiou of facts, are principally the journals of 
of the two ministers of the town, begun long before and BSpl through tho 
revolution. That of the Hcv. Thomas Smith was compiled b] S 
Freeman, Esq., in 1821. Mr. Freeman was a native of old Falmouth, and 



' Sec nn Article on the Pqvperrell Genealogy \fj the late U»bcr Parsons, M.D., In tha 
Rioirrra, »ol. xz. pp. 1—6. 



m 



turning of Falmouth in 17' 



[July, 



witnessed the commotions until a short time before the bombardment He 
was elected sole delegate from Falmouth to the provincial congress, and 
was in attendance at its session in Watertown. lie held that office, by 
reflection, three years, during two of which he waa secretary of that body. 
His public services well qualified him to compile the journal, arid to supply 
those copious notes and explanations which his edition contained. Copies 
of his edition are now very rare. I know of only one perfect copy. It is 
to be regretted that Mr. Willis felt compelled to omit, in his edition, the 
most of the appendix to Mr. Freeman's, which contains his uotes and 
explanations. I hare a distinct recollection of Mr. Freeman fifty years ago, 
whose venerable figure, in the oostnme of colonial times, occupied the dea- 
con's seat beneath the high pulpit, and facing the congregation, in the old 
wooden church of the first parish in Portland. He died in 1831, aged 87 
years. 

Having given my authorities, I will proceed with my sketch, which I 
think will explain why the town was burned. 

The people of the county of Cumberland, and especially those of 
Falmouth, began early to express indignation at the acta of Parliament 
bearing on the colonies. Soon after the passage of the odious stamp act of 
17 Go, a vessel arrived at Falmouth from Halifax with the hated stamps, and 
they were deposited in the custom-house. The people immediately assem- 
bled and marched to the custom-house, demanded and received the stamps, 
Iim d tli.-rn to the top of a pole, carried them in procession through the 
streets, to a fire prepared for the purpose, and burned them. 

In 1774 in a town meeting the citizens "resolved that we will not buy 
nor sell any India tea whatever, after this third day of Feb. until the act 
that lays a duty on it is repealed." There were then 2500 lbs. of tea in the 
hands of the dealers in town. Another resolve, passed at this meet i 
:k Limn u •if-i.--. iIhmi- obHjniioa i" "tin.- people of Boston, bi their ■•uly 
notice of approaching danger," and lor •• their Intrepid behavior on too 
late tea-ships' arrival, and trust they will still bo our watch-tower, and thi 
may depend on our utmost endeavors to support them at all timet:, 
defence of their rights and liberties." Also, -wo rejoice that though 
■mounded by fleets and armies, you yet remain firm aud resolute." At 
the close of the proceedings the town " voted that a committee be chosen to 
in- ' > * "innfttoM of <>iii<T towns to oon all on thi i Laming itate of pnhUa 
affairs." 

On the day of the closing of the port of Boston, June 14. 1774, tin- 
of the meeting-house in rnlmouth was muffled and tolled from sunrise 
until nine o'clock in the evening. The result of the vote of the towu in 
February, inviting other towns to choose delegates to meet thcir's waa 
that a county convention was held at Mrs. Greele's little one-story tavern, 
in Falmouth, on the 21st day of September, 177 I. 

This was the first political county convention held in Cumberland of 
which the record has been preserved. It was composed of thirty-three 
delegates from the nine old towns of the county. Although a hundred 
years save one, have intervened since it was held, there has been no im- 
provement on the course then adopted to secure a true expression of the 
popular will. The people of the country towns chose their delegates who 
attended, and then they went themselves, to »ee that their delegates obeyed 
their instructions, as the record shows. After organizing by ■ of 

the Hon. Enoch Freeman for chairman, and his son Samuel Freeman, our 
historian, for clerk, the record says : "A committee from the body of the 









1873.] 



Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 



259 



people who were assembled at the entrance to the town, waited on this con- 
vention to see if they would choose a committee of one oat of each town, 
to wait on Mr. Sheriff Tyng, to see whether he would ace in his office under 
to acta of Parliament for regulating the government." By these acts 
the appointment of all civil officers was taken from the people and vested 
in the crown, 

Sheriff Tyng was summoned before the contention and attended , and 
subscribed to a written declaration " that he would not as sheriff of tho 
county, or otherwise, act in conformity to, or by virtue of, said acts, unless 
by tho general consent of said county." This declaration was voted to bo 
satisfactory to the convention. 

While these proceedings were going on in the convention, tho people from 
the country had marched to the town house. The record continues : " Tho 
iti.ni t !n ii formed themselves into a committee to accompany Mr. 
Sheriff Tyng to the body of the people, to present the declaration." The 
people M voted it satisfactory, and after refreshing themselves, returned 
peaceably to their own homes." 

The convention met again in the afternoon, and a committee, of whom 
Samuel Freeman was chairman, reported a long and spirited preamble and 
resolutions, winch were adopted. The second resolution would, if carried 
oat now, be a public benefit. It was as follows: ■ That every one would 
do his utmost to discourage lawsuits, and likewise compromise disputes as 
much as possible." " Each member was interrogated separately, and pledged 
himself not to accept any commission under the lata acta of parliament ' 

Mr. Freeman says his notes, alter he left Falmouth, were transcribed from 
the letters of a gentleman in Falmouth to his friend in Wutertown. The 
friend in Watcrtown was no doubt himself, as ho was then in attendance at 
tho Provincial Congress, and tho only delegate from Falmouth. From 
■OX&fl circumstances and expressions I am led to believe that the writer of 
the litters was Gen. Jedediah Preble, a leading merchant of the town, and 
a member of tho committee of Inspection. 

Capt Samuel Coulsou had been for sowrul yeara engaged in the mast 
ween Falmouth and Bristol, Kngland, from whence he came, 
and had married a daughter of the elder Dr. Coffin, of Falmouth, and 
resided in the doctor's house on King street lie hod built a very hirei ship 
As fhOM days at tho foot of his street. She was of 1000 tons. To ship 
masts raejoind largo vessels. 

(. •![•[. ('oul-i'ii - idly opposed to the popular sentiment of the 

colonics, and made hiiii-eir very obnoxious to the people. On the second 
of May, 177-3, a vessel of I'oulson's arrived from Bristol, with rigging, sails, 
and stores, for the new ship. There was a committee of inspection, com- 
posed of leading men of tho town, one of whom was Samuel Freeman. 
This committee was called together at the library I hamber the same day of 
tho arrival of Coulsmrtf vessel. 

Thore was a compact between the colonies called the u American 
Association," tho provisions of which may be understood from what took 
place in the committee meetings. Coolson was by vote desired to nit. nd 
on the committee. In answer to questions he staled that, the vessel was 
from Bristol, with stores and materials fur his new ship. A sub-committee 
was chosen to go on board and see if there were any other goods tin 

At an adjourned m rli. committee the nexl day. it was voted that 

>.v Capt Coul-i ii to I;!!,.' .. and appropriate them to fit out 

his new ship, would be a violation of the " American Association," and 



260 



Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 



[July, 



directed that they be sent back to England without breaking the package*. 
This was communicated to Capt. Coulson by a sub-committee. Coulson 
immediately attended, and said the vessel must be repaired bof ittH 

go to sua, aiid in order to do that the freight must be landed ; but the ■• 
was adhered to, and the proceedings of the meeting were by rote, posted 
up in a public place in the town. Instead of obeying the order to return 
the goods to England, Coulson left for Ikiston, under the pretence of asking 
leave of the provincial congress to rig his ship, atid procured the assist- 
ance of Capt. Mowntt in the sloop-of-war Cancean, to aid and protect him 
in rigging and loading his ship, and proceeded to land his materials. 

During the excitement caused by Coulson's bringing the vessel to assist 
him iu violating the provisions of the Association, on the 2 1st of April news 
arrived of the battle of Lexington. On the 23d a town-meeting was b< 
and spirited proceedings were adopted, notwithstanding the Canceau was 
lying in the harbor, whose commander, Coulson, and others were constat] Uy 
urging to make some demonstration. The news of the battle of Lexington 
set the whole country in a blase of excitement. At Falmouth a company of 
60 soldiers was raised and hurried oil' to Cambridge. 

Next came, what Mr. Freeman calls. -Thompson's war." On Tuesday, 
the 9th of May, Col. Samuel Thompson, of Brunswick, with about fifty 
soldiers, came in boats and landed secretly on the north side of the neck, 
and encamped In a grove of pines. Each man had a small sprig of spruce 
in his hat ; and a small spruce tree with the lower branches rut off was their 
standard. Thev seized and detained several persons who happened to pass 
thai w: iv. in order to conceal their camp from the towns-people. About 
one o'clock, P. M., Capt. Mowntt, his surgeon, and the Rev. Mr. Wiswall. • .f 
St. Paul's Church, were walking for pi ea.su re in the vicinity, when they 
were seized and made prisoners. As soon as Lieut. Hogg, then in command 
of the Canceau, heard of the captur. of (apt. Mowatt, he sent a threaten- 
ing letter on shore. Gen. Preble, in a letter to the provincial congress dated 
on the 14th, says " he clapped springs to his cables and swore if the gentle- 
men were not released before six o'clock, he would fire on the town. He 
fired two cannon, and although there were no shot in them, it frightened 
the women and children to such a degree that some crawled under the 
wharves, some down cellar, and some out of town." 

Some of the prominent men of the town visited Thompson's camp to 
nrge the release of the prisoners. Thompson and his men were inflexible, 
but night coming on, they concluded to march the prisoners to Marstou's 
tavern for a more sheltered consultation. The soldiers, including a t 
mouth company which had assisted in :. were paraded in front of 

the house. Thompson argued that open hostilities between the colon 
and the mother-country existed ; that Providence had thrown the prisoners 
in his way, and that they were rightly held. He finally found that 
the whole town was against him, and at about nine o'clock he concluded to 
release them, by their giving their parole to come on shore the next morn- 
ing; Gen. Preble and Col. Freemau pledging themselves for them. The 
principal i,:i-,,u ^ini liy (he Falmouth mni for urging their release, was 
that several vessels were daily expected with corn and flour, of which the 
town stood very much in need. 

Parson Smith, in his journal, under date of the 2Cth of June, says: — 
"People are :i]i|inluiinive of a famine, there being a scarcity of corn and 
flour." A few days after, he mentions the arrival of three vessels, " with 
corn and Hour." " So we are plentifully relieved from all fears of famine. 
Blessed be God." 




1873.J 



Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 



261 



At the appointed hour of nine, on "Wednesday morning, Thompson began 
to look for Lis prisoners, but none came ; whereupon his men became furi- 
ous, and hii/iii i.luir 'sureties, Preble and Freeman, and kept them all day 
without dinner. In the afternoon they sent to Mowatt to know why he 
did not keep his parole. His reply was, that one of his men whom he had 
sent on shore to his washerwoman, had overheard several threats from sol- 
diers to shoot him as soon as he made his appearance, and ho declined 
coming. During the afternoon a large force of militia from the country, 
numbering five or six hundred, arrived, and being greatly enraged on learn- 
ing of Mowatt's release, threatened violence to Gen. Preblo and Col. 
Freeman, the sureties. 

All the officers of the militia, including those of Falmouth, next resolved 
themselves into a hoard of war, for the examination of tories, and sum- 
moned several persons before them. Some came. The Rev. Mr. Wiswall 
bad not gone on board the ship, and attended at the appointed time. In 
answer to questions, he declared his abhorrence of the doctrine of passive 
obedience and non-resistance, and was released. Several others were 
examined, but none wero punished. To keep peace and secure his release 
with Col. Freeman, Gen. Preble was obliged to furnish the troops with 
several barrels of bread, a quantity of cheese, and two barrels of rum for 
each company. 

The soldier* entered Capt. Coaborfl house Uld look wli:U they wanted. 
and used the house for a barrack. Some of them became exhilarated by 
the liquor found in Coulson's cellar, and one, named Calvin Lombard, went 
down to tho shore and fired two balls from a mn.«kct, deep into tho side of 
the Canccau. The fire was returned from a "fusee," but no damage was 
done. 

Thursday, tho 11th, was a general fast, which Gen. Preblo and Col. 
Freeman wero not prepared for, as the soldiers had obliged them to fast tho 
day before. 

The soldiers seized one of Coulson's boats and dragged it through tho 
streets, to a place of safety, mud the next day they seised one of Mowatt's, and 
hauled it to the xaim. |il:u:..\ i. threatened hi the town if they 

were not returned, but Mr. Freeman's friend writes to him at Watertown 
that ■ he has not fired yet, and here I sit writing at my desk in the old 
place, being fully convineed that Mowatt never will lire on the town in any 
case whatever." He also writes: "the soldiers htCft lO-dty carried off 
Mr. T yug's liitfhop. a piece of plate worth BOO pound-, old tenor, and his 
biced hat." These were afterward* returned to Mrs. Ross, the mother of 
Mrs. Tyng, by a resolve of the provincial congress. The property 
destroyed in Coulson's house, and valued at 140 pounds lawful money, was 
paid for by authority of the same resolve. 

On Friday afternoon, the lost of the soldiers left town, much to the 
relief of the people. Uu Saturday, Mowatt made another demand for the 
boats, but Thompson's men had taken them away when they left- On 
Monday, Mowatt and Coulsou sailed with their ships for Portsmouth and 
Boston. 

On the 8th of June, the Senegal of 16 guns, Capt Dudington, arrived 
from Boston, aud anchored near the islands, aiud on the l'ith Coulson 
arrived ayaiu in Uia new ship, nnd anchored near tho Senegal. Sheriff 
Xyng, who bad taken refuge with his friends in Boston, was with Coulson. 
In reply to a letter, Capt. Dudiugton of the SenegtU wrote the committee 
that " his orders were to protect the persons and property of his majesty's 
faithful subjects and not to distress them." 



319 



Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 



[Jnlj. 



The wives of Sheriff Tyng awl Capt. Coulsou were p ermit ted to go on 
board the •hips ; but the committee would not consent that Ooaboo should 
have his ma*U with which he had intended to lewd the ship, as he nu 
a declared enemy of the town. On hi* arrival, the people bad floated them 
up ilie harbor out of his rea | ovincial congress baring fiaaaed a 

resolve to prevent lories taking their propsjfty out i»f the country. 

Couls-jd next sent an armed boat to the mouth of I'resumpacot river, 
ostensibly fur water, but in reality to look out masts and timber for a cargo 
for his fillip. The people seized his boat, guns and men, bat filially released 
his turn. Coulsou finding he could not get his masts and was 
boat, sailed without them. These ma»ts were secured in a core at Cape 
Elizabeth, near Vaughan's bridge, where they remained over 60 year*. All 
left uf them in 1855 were bull into Sawyer's wharf, at the foot of High 
street ; and they are now covered by Commercial street. 

After Capt- Coulsou bad left Boston for Falmouth to take in his oiasta, 
CapL Craudall, of llarpswell, was taken by one of Admiral - fleet 

and carried into Boston, and on his release he reported hi* interview with. 
the admiral. After the burning of the town, to prove that it was done by 
order uf the admiral, Capt. CraudaH's sworn statement was procured. I 
here copy a part of his atiidavit from Freeman's notes : 

u That sometime in the month of June last, I sailed from llarpswell for 
Salem, and on my passage there I was forcibly taken by an armed veaeul 
and earned into Boston. And being in the presence of Admiral Grave*, 
he asked me if such a man-of-war (he named her, but I have forgotten her 
name) had arrived at Falmouth. I answered that I heard she had. He 
then asked me if I thought «he would be opposed by the people. I answer- 
ed I could not tell, lie then asked me if Capt. Coulion was loading at 
Fnlmoutb. I replied that I had beard he mot with such opposition from 
the people as to prevent it- Upon which the admiral said : 'You may tell 
them that if they will not let him load, I will send a ship, or ships, end 
beat the town down about their ears.' 

(Signed) Philip Cba>dall. 

Sworn to on the 1 of Jan. 177C, before Wm. Sylvester, 
of llarpswell. Justice of the Peace." 






ell 
ad 



Dr. Deane says (page 341 of his diary) : " CapL H. Mowatt, of Soot- 
land, obtained, by bin most urgent solicitation, an order from Graves, ic." 
Air. Willis, in his' History of Portland, page 518, says: " llu vessels came 
here direct from Boston, and nu doubt can be entertained but that the 
order proceeded from Admiral Graves, who then commanded on this station, 
whose mind had been influenced by the representations of Mowatt. Coulson, 
and others." In a letter from Gov. Bowdoin to Gov. Pownall in Loudon, 
dated in Boston in 1 7a J, he Bays " The town was wantonly burnt, by order 
of Admiral Graves." 

From the authorities quoted I think all will be convinced that the 
bombardment was by Admiral Graves's orders, in consequence of repre- 
sentations from Mowatt and Coulson. 

J will now give a condensed sketch of the burning. The facta ore prin- 
cipally taken from the letters of the lion. Enoch Freeman, chairman of the 
committee of safety, to his sou Samuel in Watertown, with the statement! 

of other eyc-wituujseo. 







1873.] 



Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 



263 



On thi? If.th of October, 1775, the people of Falmonth were surprised by 
the arrival below of a squadron of four armed . . . U and a store-vessel. 
The wind being fresh from the northwest the vessels anchored near the 
island*. When the people banted that dipt. Mowatt was in command, 
they supposed he had come for sheep and rattle, for the llriri.di forces in 
Boston. As there were large stocks of cattle on the inlands, the an] 
inn, .omposing one company and part of another were at dusk sent 
quietly to guard the sheep, cattle and hay. 

The next day, Tuesday, the wind being atiD ahead and very strong, the 
vessels warped np the harbor, and anchored in line in front of the town. 
By a drawing still preserved, we arc enabled to fix the position and rig of 
each vessel. The Canceau of 16 guns, the flag-ship, was anchored opposite 
the foot of India street. Next above was a schooner of 12 guns. Tin ■ 
the ship Cat of 20 guns, opposite Union wharf, and a bomb sloop above 
all. The store-schooner took a station below the armed vessels. 

Late in the afternoon, Capt. Mowatt sent an officer on shore with a letter, 
in which he said the town had ban guilty of the most unpardonable re- 
1m -llion. and from boring it in orders to execute a jnt punishment on the 
town of Falmouth, be gave two hours for the removal of the " human ipteU " 
out of tin- town, a! the period of which I red pennant would be lmUted at 
the main-toj>-gallant-mast head, with a gan. 

Dr. Deano *ay»: "Near sanaet he made known nil errand by a flag (of 

truce), with a letter full of had Knglidi, arid worse spelling." 

The Hi v. Jacob Bailey of Pownulb<<nin";h, who had beeu officiating at St. 
Paul's rlniuli after .Mr. Wiswall hud left, tan in ft letter: "The officer 
landed at the I'nut. nf Kin.; street amid a prodigious assembly of | pli and 

was conveyed with uncommon parade to the town-house, and uleooe being 
commanded, a letter was delivered, and read bj Mr. Bradbury, :> lawi 

but not witli.Hil. sneh visilde emotion as OCca)»iiniecl | tremor in Ins voice." 
After repeating the contents or inijxnt of the letter, he -ays: "It is im- 
possible to describe the amazement which prevailed on the reading i 
alarming declaration. A frightful consternation ran through the assembly ; 
a profound silence etiBued for several moments. Then a committee of three 
was chosen, one of whom was Dr. Coffin, brother of the wife of ; 
Coulson, to wait on the commodore." This and much more is from the pen 
of one who received his support from the mother country and was a loyal i ■'■ 
His description of the bombardment, and the fright of the people, makes tho 
scene appear almost ludicrous. 

Besides Dr. Coffin, mentioned In Mr. Bailey, Gen. Preble and Robert 
Pagan were on the committee. It is worthy of remark that this committee 
were all Episcopalians, and member* of Ht. Paul's parish. The committee 
immediately went ou board the Canceau. In answer to their itimflMtrMflBj 
Capt. Mowatt informed them that his orders from the admiral did not au- 
thorize him to give any warniug to the inhabitants, but the; d him 
to come "opposite the town with all possible • i [not to go into 
Port*mouth,~\ and there burn, sink and destroy." and that he had taken it 
upon himself to give warning, at the risk of losing his commission. 

The committee say, " we expostulated with him upon the severity of such 
orders, and entreating that if possible some method might be fallen upon to 
save the town ; or at least to sh the inhabitants an opportunity of moving 
some of their effects; upon which he haid. that if the inhabitants would in 
the morning, by eight o'clock, deliver up four pieces of cannon which were 
then in the town, with their arms in general, and ammunition, he would in 

Vol. XXVII. 24 



264 



Burning of Falmouth in 1 T 



[July, 



that oa i r iii to tin- town Botfl be hid despatched an express b 

.1, who lie did not do xave tbe Iowa. A 

ft t6kett that hi* d>-ui:i>id would In- complied With, be r.-. ;mi r-J : 

small arms »bould bo deliver.. 1 up b] lock that i which 

should Ixj the condition of Uie town's being safe until eight o'< 

m«ir;i 

The OOOUnfttOS told bin th.u his demands would not iii their opinion bo 
ith, but tiuit the j WOO] I Inform the town of his conditions. Tin* 
otee coiuiauiiicated the n -nit ul their interview witli lowatt 

people, who wore I \ i . 

but it tH thought best to send tlie small-arms that ■ 

in i'. i- lha -i<t, with the women and children, and what 
rtj could be got away that night 

\V. I In morning, the 18th, tin- citizen* met, and "resolved I 

meant to deliver np tin- .•.union and other areas," and sent the same com- 

rer. 

:l digress a little here to supply a little hutorical matter not found] 
in the books. By examining Mr. Freeman's note*, it will be seen that 
there were uu caution iu Falmouth at the time of Muwatt's visit in May, 
and that he had sent a totter on shore then, saying that he hod heard that 
caunou were to bo brought from the country to destroy his ship, and 
threatened to (ire ou the town in case of such an attet' 

Wo Bad, at the buruiug in October, that there were four cannon in town. 
There is no written aooount of where these guns came from. I am gl 
be able to explain t hi*. Iu 1743 the Massachusetts colony furnish' 1 
eastern frontier-towns with small cannon to defend their timber-forts against 
'he Indians, ami to give the alarm to other settlements in case of an attack. 
Windham's share of these guns was a long nine-pounder iron gun, which 
was mounted in front of tbe tort, within the stockade, to fire as an alarm gun, 
und two swivel*, one for eacli watch-box at the diaguual corners of tli 
'l'lil- niim-pounder and one swivel, it is well known, were carried to 
mouth when mother England began to bo more feared than the Imliaus. 
■juns were finally put on board the privateer Reprieve, CapU Stone, 
of Falmouth, in 1776. 

Gorliuui did not fare quite as well as Windham in the distribution of the 
guns: tboj JOl only two six-pound swivels, which wore in their fu 
1775. Qaoeftbem was fired when the Indians attacked the 
1746, which brought twelve armed men from Falmouth to their assistance. 
Of course they were in duty bound to assist their deliverers. These two 
gnat) Lradlttoo says, wore carried to Falmouth at the commencement of the 
ionary trouble*, and an effort was made to hare them returned, but 
without success. It was undoubtedly these four guns which Mowatt 
in vain tn run-. Perhaps one reason wh\ the Falmouth people hung to 
them with such tenacity, OH that they were borrowed. 

Wo will now return lo the negotiations about those guns on >\ 
morning. Wo left the committee ou their way to the ship, with the answer 
of the town's people to M imand. They were directed n 

long atiuic on hoard as possible, to give time to secure more prop* rty. Thi I 
remained on board until half-past eight o'clock, when they wen- rcqu< 
by Howatt hi go on sboro. IIo probably felt sore at the refusal of the 
citizens to be disarmed. The committeo obtained half an hour to get out of 
the way thcmsclvc.-. 

Prompt at the moment of "J o'clock, the dreaded signal went up u t 



is"::. I 



Burning of Falmouth in 1 775. 






main-top-gallant-mast head with a gnn " on board the flap-ship, followed 
iiiim- ilinti ly by tin blood red pennant on till the other veaeala: an appro- 
priate color under which lo commit .-ueh a dastardly net. 

Col. Enoch Fireman, in his letter in \, -: "the firing began fn>m 

all the veaeeb with ill poesibk briskness, tliacharging on all porta of tlm 

town, which lay on a regular descent towards the harbor, an horrible shower 
Of halls from three to nine lbs. weight, I torn ha, carcasses, live shells. ■■ ..;»•- 
shot, ami tun ski ■( halls. The firing lasted, with very little cessation. Otttil 
six o'clock, I'. M.. ilnring which several parties rume on shore to set building* 
on fin-. Parties of our people- and other- from tie neighboring towns i. . 1 1 
doWD to Oppose them, and it is thought killed several." 

I am writing this in a how the frame of which was partly raised thai 
morning. The men employed heard t lit gun- mil niih ; Off) Km kD8V what 
they meant, and they hurried awa> to the udstatut' ol Falmouth. 

Of the parties who landed to eet fires, one ollieer was Mrmk d-iwn and 
disarmed near lint ]m SI ni 0B8t0BI I rding tO DK Dcanc. 

I saw, 50 years ago, a tin speaking-trumpet, nearly eaten up bj rust, which 
was taken from an offloer with a torch in hi- hand. Th;-. nitb -e\eral CBO- 
tiiin-sliot, was kept in a closet under the high pulpit of the old m, 
house of the first parish. The shot had pierced the venerable strn 
and set it on fire; hut the fire was extinguished. This trumpet an 1 tin- 
shot wire then kept there as mementos of BOB burning. One shot is -till 
preserved. I have never seen this trumpet alluded to in any account of 
the bombardment. 

None 1 1 the town'fl people were kilted, and only one was wounded. Widow 
Alice (iri-i -le. who kept tin- fashionable tavern of the town, saved her 
bj remaining in it. and extinguishing the flames wh>-u it • •aught tin-. The 

selectmen, in a published statement, say that ahooi three OjUerfeBM of the 

buildings, loelod dwelling houses. St. Paul's (Episcopal) church 

with the lull, the town house, a new lire < nd the public libra n 

consumed. Only one or two wl eaped the flames. What \ 

were not consumed were taken away by the enemy, tor such we must now 
call them. 

On Pointer's ■ ! m n l- 1 it. already mentioned, every house, and store, and 

public building is drawn as it si I before the fire; those which WON des- 

i are so marked. Tins draught was sent to Dr. DeODQ to correct, 
which he did. In a letter to Mr. Freeman 08 the subject, he says: " Lei 
hams. A.C., be placed where you OU madleet any. and I would not 

bo amiss to niako »ome where you t/i> H0M1 ( cilhri .ei\ " It was then the 
intention to have, it engraved imnn aliat> ■! . . tot this was not done until 
1849. 

Thj first tears I ever shed for another's misfortunes were, I think, for the 

■offering nromon end children of Falmouth. 1 often beord theb itory re- 
peated Bj an old lady, who lived near m« until I was afraid to go 
borne in the evening for ten of meeting HOWalti O* lOme of his incendiaries, 

with a lirt-brand. This o<kk1 uoiiihi al the. time nt the burning, l.wd in 

the town, in * Clay Cove? 1 Her hntbfHP had enlisted b the continental 

intending tO leave his Wife and r-liilil ill their sung tuuiu: in Fall] 
On the arrival oi the ships he 1 want to the islands to 

guard the eaitle and siie.ji. ;nid e.ndd not return until the Bring bad com- 
menced. His name waa Barton, and he WM then about i's and I 

years old. Mrs I'.artoa remained in her house waiting (be ber busbandi 

until the hot shot ami -hells began to fall near, and several of the neighKr- 



266 Sfuiplagfi, Stileman, Marhjn, Cults, Truavorthy, Jotc. [July, 

ing buildings were on fir.', and far own dwelling had become untenable. 
She could wait no longer. She tied up her only feathnr b«l with some 
small articles of clothing in a sheet, and slung it over her shoulder, 
then took her little Ik-v on li. r other arm and fled from the bwafau town. 
To reach a place of safety she was obliged to walk nearly a mile through 
tho most thickly settled part of the town, with tho ships in full view. 
Several times bombs with their smoking fuses fell near her, and she quick- 
ened her pace to escape the explosion. With many others she took al 
under tho high lodges near the Caseo street church, which hare since been 
blasted away. Tho vicinity was then a grove of oaks, which gave Oak 
street its name. A 3 lb. shot fell near her, which she secured. Hero her 
husband found her on his return from tli and here they remained 

until nearly night. When tho firing had Blackened they ventured out, and, 
after i their bod in a place of safety, walked to her fathers in 

Windham, eleven miles; one carrying the child, and the other the cannon 
ahot, and occasionally changing. 

b dwelling and household goods were burnt, and they were compelled 
to begin the world anew. Barton and his wife's father built a sma 
house half a mile from tho father's, and here he left his wifo and joined 
Capt. Richard Maybcrry's company as corporal. This was the fifth com- 
pany of the t k v< nth regiment of the Massachusetts Bay forces, in the army 
commanded by Gen. Gates at the capture of Burgoyne in 1777. This com- 
pany was also in the battles of Monmouth and Ilubbardston. At the end 
of his term of three years service, Barton left the army, and was paid off in 
paper hich was almost worthless. He came homo and w- 

work with a will, but was soon after killed by a falling tree. I 

i many hardships in her poverty, but a government pension very 
much relieved her declining years, Bha (fled in 1841, aged 86. 

On the day set apart for the commemoration of the soldiers' services and 
sufferings, I am careful that Barton's grave is not forgotten. 



THE SIIAPLEIGH, STILEMAN. MARTYN, CUTTS, TRl R. 

WoKTHY.